Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Frequency responsive light target

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3918714A
US3918714A US47052574A US3918714A US 3918714 A US3918714 A US 3918714A US 47052574 A US47052574 A US 47052574A US 3918714 A US3918714 A US 3918714A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
light
target
means
hit
signal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Luciano Ceccaroni
Original Assignee
Luciano Ceccaroni
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G3/00Aiming means; Laying means
    • F41G3/26Teaching or practice apparatus for gun-aiming or gun-laying
    • F41G3/2616Teaching or practice apparatus for gun-aiming or gun-laying using a light emitting device
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41JTARGETS; TARGET RANGES; BULLET CATCHERS
    • F41J5/00Target indicating systems; Target-hit or score detecting systems
    • F41J5/02Photo-electric hit-detector systems

Abstract

A simulated target shooting apparatus comprising a source of modulated light having a pre-set frequency. The light takes the form of a target image. A weapon facsimile is provided which cooperates with a receiving device comprising a photocell and a detector adapted to select one one of the different signals sentout by said photocell when hit by light rays. The signals so generated are forwarded to supply a hit target indicating signal.

Description

United States Patent Ceccaroni 1 51 Nov. 11, 1975 15 1 FREQUENCY RESPONSIVE LIGHT 3.271.032 9/1966 Rabinowitz 273/1011 TARGET 3.499.650 3/1970 Lemelson 273/1011 3.633.285 1/1972 Sensney 273/l0l.l Inventor: u iano C ar n 9 a Monte 3.655.192 4/1972 273/1011 Venanzio, Ancona, Italy 3.792.532 2/1974 Marshall .1 273/l0l.l

9 ff Ffled' May 4 Primary E.\an11'nerRichard C. Pinkham PP 470,525 Assistant E.\'m71iner--Marvin Siskind Related Application Data Attorney, Agent, or FirmEdward C. Threedy 5551;310:225?" Of Ser. NO. 243.603. Aprll 13. 1972. [57] ABSTRACT A simulated target shooting apparatus comprising a [52 us. (:1 273/101.1; 250/233 seuree 9f modulated light having a P q y- 511 1111.01 F4lj 5/02 The light takes the form of a target image A weapon [58 Field 61 Search 250/233, 217; 273/1011, feesimile is Provided which cooperates with a receiv- 273/1012 053 ing device comprising a photocell and a detector adapted to select one one of the different signals sent- [56] References Ci d out by said photocell when hit by light rays. The sig- UNITED STATES PATENTS rials so generated are forwarded to supply a hit target 2.957.695 10/1960 Arizpe 273/1011 mdlcatmg Slgnal' 3.151.248 9/1964 1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures Glaser 273/l01.l

US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 3 ,918,714

FREQUENCY RESPONSIVE LIGHT TARGET This is a continuation ofapplication Ser. No. 243.603 filcd Apr. I3. 1972 and now abandoned.

BACKGROUND This invention concerns an equipment for simulating a target shooting and can be utilized both for a game rifle range and, due to high shooting accuracy thereof, for sham target practice, said apparatus comprising a light source and photo-electric means for picking-up the light of said light source and supplying a hit target indicating and/or control signal.

Already known apparatuses of the above defined type usually comprise means for emitting a timed light beam in cooperation with a weapon facsimile, as well as a photocell associated with a target and adapted to be excited by the light beam sent-out by said weapon. Said known apparatuses have inherent drawbacks in that their photocell may become excited by a light source different from said light beam sent-out by the weapon, and accordingly said photocell must be set each time according to environmental light conditions in order to prevent wrong hit target signals. Moreover, the light beam sent-out by the weapon should have a minimum of light power in order to be able to excite the set photocell and therefore said beam cannot be narrowed at will to increase the shooting accuracy.

Therefore, an object of this invention is to provide a simulated target shooting apparatus of the type referred to, wherein said hit target indicating and/or control signal is supplied only when said photo-electric means are hit by the light rays of said light source. independently from the environmental conditions, as well as from the setting of said photo-electric means.

A further object of this invention is to provide an apparatus of the type referred to, wherein an unusually high fire accuracy can be obtained, and wherein the width ofa light beam that is able to hit said photo-electric means may be adjusted at will in order to simulate different types of shooting.

SUMMARY The above and further objects of this invention can be achieved by an apparatus of the type as above stated, wherein said light source is adapted to send-out a light modulated according to a pre-set frequency. and wherein said photo-electric means cooperate with detecting means adapted to select, amongst different signals sent-out by said photo-electric means when hit by different light rays, the signals generated by said modulated light and forward the same in order to supply said hit target indicating and/or control signal.

According to a preferred embodiment of this invention, said modulated light source is in the form ofa target image, while said photo-electric means are associated with a weapon facsimile and are adapted to cooperate with optics and/or light ray guide means to narrow at will the max width of a light beam that is able to hit said photo-electric means, and then define the simulated shooting accuracy, shutter or switching means being provided for timing a picking-up period during which said detecting means are adapted to receive signals from said photo-electric means.

DRAWING FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a device for forming a target image.

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view of a receiving device. as associated with a rifle facsimile.

FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic view of photo-electric means and light beam guide and narrowing optics of said receiving device.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a component of said target image forming device.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT an optical reflector 12 by which the light of said lampv 10 is focused onto the focus F of a projector set 14. Within the same focal plane F is a plate 16 wherein at least one suitably shaped orifice is formed, through which the light focused by said reflector 12 is allowed to pass in order to be then projected onto a screen 20 in the form ofa target image 18. Said screen 20 may be both of a transparent or a reflective type and said image 18 is formed accordingly on the right or reverse side of the same screen 20.

The light as sent-out by the lamp 10 is modulated e.g. by means of a slotted disc 22, which is positioned in such a manner as to interfere with the light beam focused by said reflector l2 and is driven by a motor 24 at a suitable angular speed, e.g. in such a manner as to obtain a frequency of LOGO-2,000 interruptions per second. Such a frequency cannot be perceived by an human eye and a steady image is then seen, while said modulated light cannot be mistaked for other possible pulsating light sources.

Referring now to FIG. 2, a receiving device comprises a rifle facsimile 26 or the like, having a barrel 28 to which is associated a receiving photocell optics, adapted to forward signals to detecting means electrically connected therewith. More detailedly, when a rifle trigger 30 is pulled, a camera-type shutter fitted in front of a photocell is opened, or a switch 32 located downstream the same photocell is closed for a pre-set time. In both cases, signals are sent by same photocell through a lead 34 connected with detecting and selecting means, e.g. in the form ofa conventional AC amplifier 36 which is set in such a manner as to amplify and forward only the signals coming from the photocell and modulated according to the frequency of the light sent by said target image 18. Thus, the apparatus cannot be influenced by the environmental light conditions and the amplified signal can be forwarded to a hit target indicating and metering device 38, as well as, if required, to a projector controlling apparatus 40, by which e.g. a solenoid 42 can be energized (see FIG. 4) in order to shift said plate 16 within guide means 44 and project an image of hit target (orifices 48) in substitution of a plain target image (orifice 46).

The optical and photo-electric receiving means as shown in FIG. 3 comprise a photocell 50, positioned in the focus of the lens 52 having an optical axis substantially coincident with the rifle aim line. Between said photocell 50 and lens 52 (that may consist of a lens set) is a diaphragm 54, having an opening 56 adapted to limit the visual angle from the photocell to said lens,

3 and thus the width of a light beam by which said photocell can he hit. As it can be readily appreciated, by suitably varying the position of diaphragm 54 and/or the size of opening 56 and/or the focal length of lens 52,

the width of said light beam can be adjusted at will, whereby to simulate different types of shooting, as e.g. a precision shooting with single ball cartridges or a shooting with small shot cartridges.

Both the photocell and the optical set may be fitted on movable supports (not shown) for an adjustment of the aim line. On the other hand, the target forming device, as shown in FIG. 1, may be movably fitted to form a movable image 18. Moreover, many changes may be made in the afore described devices, e.g. by providing a light modulation at different frequencies and suitable filtering means in the receiving device in order to have different shooting types easily selectable.

I claim:

1. A simulated target-shooting apparatus having a light source adapted to be projected upon a screen and a means within a simulated gun adapted to receive a light signal projected upon the screen from the light source, comprising a. a target screen,

e. and a hit target indicator in circuit with said detec-,

tor means and adapted to be energized by a signal pulse from said detector means when the latter receives a signal pulse from said photo-electric cell so as to interrupt said light signal to indicate a target,

hit upon said target screen, I f. said hit target indicator including a movable plate having target-image-forming orifices therein, with said plate intercepting a modulated light signal emitted from the target image for projecting upon the screen different target images.

Claims (1)

1. A simulated target-shooting apparatus having a light source adapted to be projected upon a screen and a means within a simulated gun adapted to receive a light signal projected upon the screen from the light source, comprising a. a target screen, b. a target image adapted to be projected by the light source upon said target screen and emitting a modulated signal having a preset frequency upon said target screen, c. a photo-electric cell contained in a simulated gun and adapted to be directed upon said screen to receive said modulated signal and to be activated thereby, d. a detector means in circuit with said photo-electric cell and receiving therefrom a signal pulse identical to said preset frequency modulated signal projected from said signal source onto said screen and received by said photo-electric cell, e. and a hit target indicator in circuit with said detector means and adapted to be energized by a signal pulse from said detector means when the latter receives a signal pulse from said photo-electric cell so as to interrupt said light signal to indicate a target hit upon said target screen, f. said hit target indicator including a movable plate having target-image-forming orifices therein, with said plate intercepting a modulated light signal emitted from the target image for projecting upon the screen different target images.
US3918714A 1972-04-13 1974-05-16 Frequency responsive light target Expired - Lifetime US3918714A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US24360372 true 1972-04-13 1972-04-13
US3918714A US3918714A (en) 1972-04-13 1974-05-16 Frequency responsive light target

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3918714A US3918714A (en) 1972-04-13 1974-05-16 Frequency responsive light target

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3918714A true US3918714A (en) 1975-11-11

Family

ID=26935966

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3918714A Expired - Lifetime US3918714A (en) 1972-04-13 1974-05-16 Frequency responsive light target

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3918714A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4054290A (en) * 1976-06-18 1977-10-18 Walt Disney Productions Light gun having selectable modulated infrared output
US4106218A (en) * 1975-06-25 1978-08-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Simulator method and apparatus for practicing the mating of an observer-controlled object with a target
US4111421A (en) * 1976-12-09 1978-09-05 The Magnavox Company Optical linked remote control video game apparatus
US4229009A (en) * 1977-04-05 1980-10-21 Nintendo Co., Ltd. Light-emission gun amusement machine for home use
WO1980002741A1 (en) * 1979-05-25 1980-12-11 Solartron Electronic Group Weapon effect simulators
US4322080A (en) * 1980-03-20 1982-03-30 Hugh Pennington Image projecting amusement device
US4467213A (en) * 1982-06-28 1984-08-21 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Source assembly for gas analysis instruments
US4653760A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-03-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Photosensitive cartridge for weapons zeroing and marksmanship training
USRE32662E (en) * 1980-03-20 1988-05-03 David R. Capasso Image projecting amusement device
US4802675A (en) * 1986-01-20 1989-02-07 Wong David L W Toy gun
US4830381A (en) * 1986-08-15 1989-05-16 Sellner Productions, Inc. Simulated laser weapon and amusement application therefore
US4924216A (en) * 1988-02-12 1990-05-08 Acemore International Ltd. Joystick controller apparatus
US6328651B1 (en) 1999-02-03 2001-12-11 Toymax Inc. Projected image target shooting toy

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2957695A (en) * 1956-05-22 1960-10-25 Arizpe Harmodio De Valle Target projection apparatus
US3151248A (en) * 1960-12-19 1964-09-29 Burroughs Corp Photosensitive light gun
US3271032A (en) * 1962-09-07 1966-09-06 Clairex Corp Photoelectric target practice pistol
US3499650A (en) * 1966-02-10 1970-03-10 Jerome H Lemelson Light projecting and sensing device and target practice apparatus
US3633285A (en) * 1970-03-09 1972-01-11 Litton Systems Inc Laser markmanship trainer
US3655192A (en) * 1969-11-04 1972-04-11 Roger L Hall Light ray projector and target
US3792532A (en) * 1971-09-07 1974-02-19 Jesus B De Draftsman{40 s cross-hatching triangle instrument

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2957695A (en) * 1956-05-22 1960-10-25 Arizpe Harmodio De Valle Target projection apparatus
US3151248A (en) * 1960-12-19 1964-09-29 Burroughs Corp Photosensitive light gun
US3271032A (en) * 1962-09-07 1966-09-06 Clairex Corp Photoelectric target practice pistol
US3499650A (en) * 1966-02-10 1970-03-10 Jerome H Lemelson Light projecting and sensing device and target practice apparatus
US3655192A (en) * 1969-11-04 1972-04-11 Roger L Hall Light ray projector and target
US3633285A (en) * 1970-03-09 1972-01-11 Litton Systems Inc Laser markmanship trainer
US3792532A (en) * 1971-09-07 1974-02-19 Jesus B De Draftsman{40 s cross-hatching triangle instrument

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4106218A (en) * 1975-06-25 1978-08-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Simulator method and apparatus for practicing the mating of an observer-controlled object with a target
US4054290A (en) * 1976-06-18 1977-10-18 Walt Disney Productions Light gun having selectable modulated infrared output
US4111421A (en) * 1976-12-09 1978-09-05 The Magnavox Company Optical linked remote control video game apparatus
US4229009A (en) * 1977-04-05 1980-10-21 Nintendo Co., Ltd. Light-emission gun amusement machine for home use
US4373916A (en) * 1979-05-25 1983-02-15 The Solartron Electronic Group Limited Weapon effect simulators
WO1980002741A1 (en) * 1979-05-25 1980-12-11 Solartron Electronic Group Weapon effect simulators
US4322080A (en) * 1980-03-20 1982-03-30 Hugh Pennington Image projecting amusement device
USRE32662E (en) * 1980-03-20 1988-05-03 David R. Capasso Image projecting amusement device
US4467213A (en) * 1982-06-28 1984-08-21 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Source assembly for gas analysis instruments
US4653760A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-03-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Photosensitive cartridge for weapons zeroing and marksmanship training
US4802675A (en) * 1986-01-20 1989-02-07 Wong David L W Toy gun
US4830381A (en) * 1986-08-15 1989-05-16 Sellner Productions, Inc. Simulated laser weapon and amusement application therefore
US4924216A (en) * 1988-02-12 1990-05-08 Acemore International Ltd. Joystick controller apparatus
US6328651B1 (en) 1999-02-03 2001-12-11 Toymax Inc. Projected image target shooting toy

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3618499A (en) Camera with coordinated aperture and focus adjustment means
US3624401A (en) Ultraviolet target hit scoring system
US4565527A (en) Method and apparatus for training a human by feedback enhanced learning
US4584776A (en) Telescopic gun sight
US5988645A (en) Moving object monitoring system
US6328651B1 (en) Projected image target shooting toy
US4695161A (en) Automatic ranging gun sight
US3645635A (en) Sighting device
US4246605A (en) Optical simulation apparatus
Crawford Visual adaptation in relation to brief conditioning stimuli
US6192614B1 (en) Video mounting system for firearm
US4439156A (en) Anti-armor weapons trainer
US5374986A (en) Automated boresighting device and method for an aiming light assembly
US4290757A (en) Burst on target simulation device for training with rockets
US3941483A (en) Target identification apparatus
US3954340A (en) Method of and apparatus for target tracking
US3380358A (en) Range gated imaging system
US4367934A (en) Camera with an automatic focusing device
US3609883A (en) System for simulating the firing of a weapon at a target
US4458436A (en) Sight for shotguns
US4164081A (en) Remote target hit monitoring system
US5437463A (en) Target game apparatus
US4064528A (en) Method and apparatus for enhancing a televised object
US5208417A (en) Method and system for aiming a small caliber weapon
US3655192A (en) Light ray projector and target