US3918214A - Vibrating sander - Google Patents

Vibrating sander Download PDF

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Publication number
US3918214A
US3918214A US51145074A US3918214A US 3918214 A US3918214 A US 3918214A US 51145074 A US51145074 A US 51145074A US 3918214 A US3918214 A US 3918214A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
platen
post
opening
clamp
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Jerome Buschman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BENCHMARK TOOL COMPANY A CORP OF OH
McGraw-Edison Co
Original Assignee
McGraw-Edison Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B23/00Portable grinding machines, e.g. hand-guided; Accessories therefor
    • B24B23/04Portable grinding machines, e.g. hand-guided; Accessories therefor with oscillating grinding tools; Accessories therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45524Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including resiliently biased projection component or surface segment
    • Y10T24/45529Requiring manual force applied against bias to interlock or disengage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45524Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including resiliently biased projection component or surface segment
    • Y10T24/45545Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including resiliently biased projection component or surface segment forming total external surface of projection

Abstract

A vibrating sander having a housing and a platen supported from the housing by resilient posts, the invention being means for securing the posts relative to the housing and/or the platen, comprising each post being larger than an opening in the platen and/or housing except for a necked down end thereof which can fit freely through the opening, and a resilient although hard material split ring clamp that fits over the post end and means cooperating between the post and clamp to secure them together, the clamp having a tapered exterior face that can be wedged through the platen opening upon collapsing clamp deformation and the clamp further having a shoulder at the inward large end of the tapered face and a reduced diameter section inwardly adjacent the shoulder operable upon the tapered face clearing the platen opening to expand against the platen and physically lock the clamp and secured post relative to the platen.

Description

United States Patent Buschman Nov. 11, 1975 VIBRATING SANDER Primary E.\'uminerAl Lawrence Smith [75] Inventor: Jerome Buschman, Jefferson City, R Watson.

Mo. Attorney, Agent, or Fzrm-Charles F. Lmd

[73] Assrgnee: R/{cGraw-Edrson Company, Elgin, [57] ABSTRACT 7 A vibrating sander having a housing and a platen sup- Filed: 1974 ported from the housing by resilient posts, the inven- [21] Appl 5 50 tion being means for securing the posts relative to the housing and/or the platen, comprising each post being 7 7 larger than an opening in the platen and/or housing [5.] US. Cl; 51/170 R; -4/213 CS except for a necked down end thereof which can fit [51] hit. Cl. B24B 23/00 freely through the Opening, and a resilient although [58] new of 51/170 170 170 MT; hard material split ring clamp that fits over the post 24/73 73 208 213 214 end and means cooperating between the post and clamp to secure them together. the clamp having a ta- [56] References cued pered exterior face that can be wedged through the UNITED STATES PATENTS platen opening upon collapsing clamp deformation 2,517,548 8/1950 Dobson 51 /170 TL and the Clamp h r h ing a h l r at he inward 2,775,076 12/1956 Roods 1 51 170 MT large end of the tapered face and a reduced diameter 2,885.833 5/1959 Neff 1 51/170 MT section inwardly adjacent the shoulder operable Rapata 1 1 upon the tapered face learing the platen pening to 3551963 l/l97l Mosker 24/213 CS expand against the platen and physically lock the clamp and secured post relative to the platen.

5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 2a q 2 O 0 l I O /3 E O O lllLl l O 3 il rfff E Q "$3.5 Q'S 127;

a-a-l- 34.)

US. Patent Nov. 11, 1975 3,918,214

In a typical vibrating sander. a platen is supported from a housing by means offlexible corner posts so that the platen can oscillate relative to the'housing. and a power source. 'such as an electric motor mounted within the housing isconnected by appropriate eccentric linkage or the like with the platen operable to oscillate the platen relative to the housing. The posts are typically formed of a molded rubber of sufficient resiliency and strength to support the work side surface of the platen firmly-against the surface to be smoothed while yet accomodating the controlled forced platen oscillation. I

This invention relates specifically toa reliable but economic means for removably connecting the resilient support posts between the housing and the platen.

A typical prior art manner of providing such a'connection has been to integrally mold within the post a seat for a threaded bolt and to thereby connect the post to the housing or platen with this bolt connection. Although this is quite reliable in operation, the high cost of manufacturing the multiple component post and further of assembling the .post in place makes this economically unattractive, particularly in a low end tool line. Another known manner of connection uses a movable slide instead of a bolt which can be secured to the platen for example and which has a cooperating key hole configuration opening for receiving and trapping a projected enlarged end of the post; but there again the post has imbedded within it the metallic component which forms the engaging seat against the slide member. These constructions are illustrated at the opposite ends of the posts shown in U.S. Pat. No. 2,775,076 issued to J. F. Roods.

The advantages and detailed construction of this invention will be clearly understood upon reviewing the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a typical vibrating sander incorporating a preferred embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged view showing only the cooperation of the posts as connected between the housing of the sander and the platen, as seen generally from line 2--2 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view as seen generally from line 33 in FIG. I, and

FIG. 4 is an exploded view partly in perspective of the post and clamp components used in the subject invention.

In the drawing, an electric vibrating sander l illustrated has a housing 12 which encloses a motor with an output shaft 13 connected through a gear train 14 to an output eccentric pin 16. A housing handle 18 encloses an infeed power cord 20 connected to the tool motor through on-off switch 22 located in the handle. The housing 12 has continuous side walls 24 which terminate in an opening 26 and a platen 28 is supported by post 30 in generally aligned spaced relationship from the housing adjacent the opening 26. The posts are of molded rubber to be resilient to allow lateral flexure so thatthe platen can move relative to the housing generally in a directon parallel to the bottom edges of the side walls 24. The posts also are of sufficient cross section and strength to hold the platen in controlled spaced proximity to the housing while yet accommodating the forced rather high frequency platen oscillaproximately where each post has a duramctcr hardness of 65 plus or minus 5.

tion during normal tool operation. In practice, a I inch effective separation between the post mounting to the housing and platen operates satisfactory with four apinch outer diameter cylindrical posts.

The eccentric pin 16 is mounted to rotate about an axis generally perpendicular to the platen. and the platen has a bearing 34 which complimentarily receives the eccentric pin 16 and this provides a connection between the housing power unit and the platen. How the connection is made between the bearing and platen determines whether the platen movement is generally front to rear in the direction of the handle, in which case the unit is considered a straight line sander. or is randomly circular following generally the throw of the eccentric, in which case the unit is considered an orbital sander. Each type drive connection is rather well known in the art and varies typically on whether the bearing connection is rigid to or floats laterally only of the platen. and any suitable operating mechanism would be satisfactory.

The particular invention relates to the manner of the connection of the post 30 relative to the platen and/or housing. It is noted that each post is of a molded flexible or resilient rubber material only, thus being homogeneous or otherwise having no metallic or hard plastic parts molded therein that might form a seat for attachment of a screw or other locking device. Instead. the connection of each post to the housing and/or to the platen is provided only by means to be described now. The connection of each post to the housing is provided by the cooperation of a key-hole opening formed in a housing web 41 receiving and holding a neck down post recess 42. The enlarged key hole opening is just about the same size as the necked down recess, but the neck of the opening is smaller than the post recess to require some post compression to have the post pass the neck.

The connection of the post to the platen is provided by having a necked down end 46 which would otherwise fit freely through an opening 48 in the platen and keying a separate locking split ring clamp 50 to the post end 46 which in effect then acts as part of the post. The clamp has a tapered nose 52 that can be fitted through the opening 48 from the housing side. and further has a smaller diameter cylindrical land area 54 that allows the clamp to expand against the periphery of the opening 48 where a radial shoulder 56 on the clamp then engages the work side face of the platen to unite the clamp to the platen. Specifically, the post end 46 has a recess 60 and the clamp 50 has an inwardly projecting ledge 62 of approximately the same width as the recess 60, which ledge fits into the recess to secure the clamp to the post when the clamp is positioned over the reduced post end. The clamp 50 itself is split and is formed of durable material such as nylon which has a certain degree of flexibility to allow the same to be positioned on the post, and when then so positioned the clamp ends are separated. The tapered clamp nose 52 is further such that end edge 64, even in the normal clamp open condition, is smaller than the platen opening 48 to be easily fitted into the opening; whereas nose edge 66, at the shoulder 56, is normally larger than the opening; but the clamp can be deformed to almost where the clamp ends abut to allow the clamp to be wedged through the opening 48. r

When positioned on the post end the clamp resists deformation from its normal open position because of its resiliency as well as the required compression of the underlying post end. However. with the clamp positioned on the post. it can be biased under sufficient force axially of the post from the housing side of the platen into the opening 48. which cams the clamp smaller to allow nose edge 66 to slip past the periphery of the platen opening 48. in typical assembly ofthc sander. the posts are initially secured to the housing within the key hole openings and the plastic end clamps 50 are located on the free post ends 46. With the housing nested in an inverted position in a cradle or fixture. the platen 28 is then advanced toward the housing opening and the eccentric pin 16 brought in registry with the platen bearing 34 and the post nose portions 52 within the platen openings 48. Thereafter a sufficient closing movement of the platen toward the housing snaps the clamps past the platen and secures the platen to the housing. and in this regard a light mallet can be used to strike the platen to produce this required platen movement with little effort required of the assembler.

By manually squeezing each clamp until the shoulder 56 will clear the opening. the platen can be removed from the posts.

I claim:

I. In a vibrating sander having a housing and a platen and flexible posts secured therebetween movably supporting the platen. and power means carried in the housing operable to oscillate the platen relative to the housing. the improvement being the connection of the posts to the platen. comprising for each post being of resilient rubber only and the combination of the platen having a receiving opening and the post having a main portion of cross section larger than the opening and an end portion sized slightly smaller than the opening suited to be positioned completely through the opening and the end portion further having adjacent the post main portion a necked down recess portion of smallest cross section. and a split ring clamp adapted to be snapped over the post end portion and having an inwardly directed ledge which is received snuggly in the necked down post recess portion to hold the clamp relative to the post. the clamp further having an exterior nose which substantially overlies the remainder of the post end portion and tapers from a nose end which is smaller than the platen opening to the opposite end which is larger than the platen opening but capable of being deformed smaller upon and incident to axially wedging of the tapered nose into and through the opening from the housing side of the platen whereupon the post main portion abuts the platen. and the clamp still further having a reduced diameter section terminating at a shoulder facing away from and inwardly adjacent the larger nose end suited upon the larger clamp end being wedged through the platen opening to shift outwardly whereupon the shoulder abuts the workside platen face to physically lock the clamp and the underlying confined post relative to the platen.

2. A combination according to claim 1, wherein the post is flexible and is of a molded rubber having a durometer of approximately 65 plus or minus 5.

3. A combination according to claim I, wherein further the post has an exterior dimension of the order of three-quarter inch in diameter and has an effective length of the order of 1 inch.

4. A combination according to claim 1, wherein the clamp is of plastic or other hard but flexible material.

5. In a vibrating sander having a housing and a platen and flexible posts secured therebetween movably supporting the platen. and power means carried in the housing operable to oscillate the platen relative to the housing. the improvement being the connection of the posts to the platen. comprising for each post the combination of the platen having a receiving opening and the post being of resilient rubber only and having an end portion sized slightly smaller than the opening suited to be positioned completely through the opening, a split ring clamp adapted to be snapped over the post end portion. means cooperating to hold the clamp relative to the post. the clamp having an exterior nose which substantially overlies the post end portion and tapers from a nose end which is smaller than the platen opening toward the opposite end which is larger than the platen opening but capable of being deformed smaller upon and incident to axially wedging the tapered nose into and through the opening. the clamp further having a reduced diameter section terminating at a shoulder facing away from and inwardly adjacent the larger nose end suited upon the enlarged clamp end portion being wedged through the platen opening to shift outwardly whereupon the shoulder abuts the platen to prevent withdrawal of the underlying confined post from the platen.

Claims (5)

1. In a vibrating sander having a housing and a platen and flexible posts secured therebetween movably supporting the platen, and power means carried in the housing operable to oscillate the platen relative to the housing, the improvement being the connection of the posts to the platen, comprising for each post being of resilient rubber only and the combination of the platen having a receiving opening and the post having a main portion of cross section larger than the opening and an end portion sized slightly smaller than the opening suited to be positioned completely through the opening and the end portion further having adjacent the post main portion a necked down recess portion of smallest cross section, and a split ring clamp adapted to be snapped over the post end portion and having an inwardly directed ledge which is received snuggly in the necked down post recess portion to hold the clamp relative to the post, the clamp further having an exterior nose which substantially overlies the remainder of the post end portion and tapers from a nose end which is smaller than the platenn opening to the opposite end which is larger than the platen opening but capable of being deformed smaller upon and incident to axially wedging of the tapered nose into and through the opening from the housing side of the platen whereupon the post main portion abuts the platen, and the clamp still further having a reduced diameter section terminating at a shoulder facing away from and inwardly adjacent the larger nose end suited upon the larger clamp end being wedged through the platen opening to shift outwardly whereupon the shoulder abuts the workside platen face to physically lock the clamp and the underlying confined post relative to the platen.
2. A combination according to claim 1, wherein the post is flexible and is of a molded rubber having a durometer of approximately 65 plus or minus 5.
3. A combination according to claim 1, wherein further the post has an exterior dimension of the order of three-quarter inch in diameter and has an effective length of the order of 1 inch.
4. A combination according to claim 1, wherein the clamp is of plastic or other hard but flexible material.
5. In a vibrating sander having a housing and a platen and flexible posts secured therebetween movably supporting the platen, and power means carried in the housing operable to oscillate the platen relative To the housing, the improvement being the connection of the posts to the platen, comprising for each post the combination of the platen having a receiving opening and the post being of resilient rubber only and having an end portion sized slightly smaller than the opening suited to be positioned completely through the opening, a split ring clamp adapted to be snapped over the post end portion, means cooperating to hold the clamp relative to the post, the clamp having an exterior nose which substantially overlies the post end portion and tapers from a nose end which is smaller than the platen opening toward the opposite end which is larger than the platen opening but capable of being deformed smaller upon and incident to axially wedging the tapered nose into and through the opening, the clamp further having a reduced diameter section terminating at a shoulder facing away from and inwardly adjacent the larger nose end suited upon the enlarged clamp end portion being wedged through the platen opening to shift outwardly whereupon the shoulder abuts the platen to prevent withdrawal of the underlying confined post from the platen.
US3918214A 1974-10-02 1974-10-02 Vibrating sander Expired - Lifetime US3918214A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4119033A (en) * 1976-06-15 1978-10-10 Kabushiki Kaisha Sato Ink roller device for printing head of hand labeler
US5626510A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-05-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Power tool for surface treatment
US20030068200A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Quenzi Philip J. Light weight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
WO2004041478A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2004-05-21 Robert Bosch Gmbh Bearing arrangement for vibrationally mounting a grinding disk in a grinder
US20060105687A1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-05-18 Choon Nang Electrical Appliance Mfy., Ltd. Tool holder for power tool
US7121762B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2006-10-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US20080070487A1 (en) * 2005-03-03 2008-03-20 Ommic Hand-Held Power Tool
US7850396B2 (en) 2008-01-03 2010-12-14 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Wheeled screeding device
US7891906B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-02-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2517548A (en) * 1947-07-26 1950-08-08 Franklin A Dobson Sanding device
US2775076A (en) * 1954-04-23 1956-12-25 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Portable rubbing machine assembly
US2885833A (en) * 1957-06-19 1959-05-12 Oster Mfg Co John Hand held sanding and abraiding machine
US3200694A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-08-17 Illinois Tool Works Plastic fastener
US3551963A (en) * 1968-08-16 1971-01-05 Walter W Mosher Jr Self-locking snap fastener

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2517548A (en) * 1947-07-26 1950-08-08 Franklin A Dobson Sanding device
US2775076A (en) * 1954-04-23 1956-12-25 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Portable rubbing machine assembly
US2885833A (en) * 1957-06-19 1959-05-12 Oster Mfg Co John Hand held sanding and abraiding machine
US3200694A (en) * 1963-02-08 1965-08-17 Illinois Tool Works Plastic fastener
US3551963A (en) * 1968-08-16 1971-01-05 Walter W Mosher Jr Self-locking snap fastener

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4119033A (en) * 1976-06-15 1978-10-10 Kabushiki Kaisha Sato Ink roller device for printing head of hand labeler
US5626510A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-05-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Power tool for surface treatment
US7491011B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2009-02-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete
US20030068200A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Quenzi Philip J. Light weight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
US7320558B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2008-01-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US6953304B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2005-10-11 Delaware Capital Formation, Inc. Lightweight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
US7909533B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2011-03-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US7121762B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2006-10-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
CN100522475C (en) 2002-11-06 2009-08-05 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Bearing arrangement for vibrationally mounting a grinding disk in a grinder
WO2004041478A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2004-05-21 Robert Bosch Gmbh Bearing arrangement for vibrationally mounting a grinding disk in a grinder
US20050164615A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2005-07-28 Justus Lamprecht Bearing arrangement for vibrationally mounting a grinding disk in a grinder
US7207872B2 (en) 2002-11-06 2007-04-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Bearing arrangement for vibrationally mounting a grinding disk in a grinder
US7101267B2 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-09-05 Choon Nang Electrical Appliance Mfy., Ltd. Tool holder for power tool
US20060105687A1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-05-18 Choon Nang Electrical Appliance Mfy., Ltd. Tool holder for power tool
US20080070487A1 (en) * 2005-03-03 2008-03-20 Ommic Hand-Held Power Tool
US7867065B2 (en) * 2005-03-03 2011-01-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand-held power tool
US7850396B2 (en) 2008-01-03 2010-12-14 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Wheeled screeding device
US7891906B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-02-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus
US8075222B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-12-13 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus

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AS Assignment

Owner name: BENCHMARK TOOL COMPANY, A CORP. OF OH

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MCGRAW-EDISON COMPANY A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:003857/0716

Effective date: 19800930

Owner name: BENCHMARK TOOL COMPANY, A CORP. OF OH, OHIO

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCGRAW-EDISON COMPANY A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:003857/0716

Effective date: 19800930