US3917313A - Motorcycle suspension system - Google Patents

Motorcycle suspension system Download PDF

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Publication number
US3917313A
US3917313A US42510473A US3917313A US 3917313 A US3917313 A US 3917313A US 42510473 A US42510473 A US 42510473A US 3917313 A US3917313 A US 3917313A
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Prior art keywords
motorcycle
link
frame
rear wheel
wheel
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Fred W Smith
Robert E Jarman
Russell L Shreve
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Bultaco Compania Espanola Espa
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Priority to US42510473 priority Critical patent/US3917313A/en
Priority claimed from AU75917/74A external-priority patent/AU480502B2/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K25/00Axle suspensions
    • B62K25/04Axle suspensions for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork
    • B62K25/12Axle suspensions for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork with rocking arm pivoted on each fork leg
    • B62K25/22Axle suspensions for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork with rocking arm pivoted on each fork leg with more than one arm on each fork leg
    • B62K25/26Axle suspensions for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork with rocking arm pivoted on each fork leg with more than one arm on each fork leg for rear wheel

Abstract

A rear wheel suspension system for a motorcycle embodying a pair of trailing links that define an instant link center that provides a relatively long pivotal radius for the rear wheel so as to permit increased suspension travel. The trailing links are oriented so as to provide the desired suspension characteristics. The instant link center in a preferred embodiment is disposed ahead of and above the axis of rotation of the front wheel.

Description

United States Patent 1 Smith et al.

[451 Nov. 4, 1975 MOTORCYCLE SUSPENSION SYSTEM [75] Inventors: Fred W. Smith, West Bloomfield;

Robert E. Jarman, Drayton Plains; Russell L. Shreve, Troy, all of Mich.

[73] Assignee: Bultaco, Compania Espanola Espanola De Motores, S.A., Barcelona, Spain [22] Filed: Dec. 17, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 425,104

[52] US. Cl. 280/284; 180/32; 180/73 TL; 280/288 [51] Int. Cl. 862K 25/20 [58] Field of Search 280/284, 285, 286, 288; 180/32, 73 TL [56] References Cited FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 767,101 l/l957 United Kingdom 280/284 852,278 l/l940 France 280/285 950,983 9/1956 Germany. 180/32 1,051,861 l/l954 France 180/32 458,416 3/1928 Germany 280/285 496,852 12/1938 United Kingdom 280/285 Primary Examiner-David Schonberg Assistant Examiner-John P. Silverstrim Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Harness, Dickey & Pierce [57] ABSTRACT A rear wheel suspension system for a motorcycle embodying a pair of trailing links that define an instant link center that provides a relatively long pivotal radius for the rear wheel so as to permit increased suspension travel. The trailing links are oriented so as to provide the desired suspension characteristics. The instant link center in a preferred embodiment is disposed ahead of and above the axis of rotation of the front wheel.

5 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 MOTORCYCLE SUSPENSION SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a suspension system for a motorcycle and more particularly to an improved suspension system for the rear wheel of a motorcycle.

Motorcycle rear wheel suspension systems presently in commercial use employ a single trailing link and the rotational axis of the wheel lies on one of the link pivot axes. The design of the motorcycle dictates the use of a relatively short trailing link. Because of this it is impossible to permit large wheel travels when bumps are encountered and high spring rates must be employed to prevent bottoming on rough surfaces. Such high spring rates result in a very hard ride and a reduction in the degree of control of the motorcycle. Furthermore, the use of a single trailing link restricts the ability to control the relative degrees and levels of anti squat during acceleration and anti lift during braking. Specifically, these characteristics vary during the range of suspension travel with single link suspension.

It is, therefore, a principal object of this invention to provide an improved motorcycle wheel suspension.

It is another object of this invention to provide a rear wheel suspension system for a motorcycle that permits large wheel travels.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a motorcycle rear wheel suspension system that permits the desired anti lift and anti squat characteristics and permits these controls during a greater length of suspension travel.

It is yet another object of the invention to provide a rear wheel suspension system for a motorcycle embodying a linkage system in which the linkage system defines a common instant center during both acceleration and braking.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a motorcycle rear wheel suspension embodying a linkage system in which the rotational axis of the suspended wheel does not lie on a pivot center of the linkage system.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is adapted to be embodied in a suspension system for a motorcycle having a frame and front and rear wheels. The suspension system suspends one of the wheels from the frame and comprises a hub carrier for the one wheel. A linkage system connects the hub carrier to the frame. The rotational axis of the suspended wheel does not lie on any pivot axis of the linkage system.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partly schematic side elevational view of a motorcycle embodying the invention, with the portions of the motorcycle which form no part of the invention deleted for clarity.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the rear wheel suspension, with the rear wheel removed to show the details of the construction.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1 a motorcycle embodying this invention is identified generally by the reference numeral 11. The showing of the motorcycle 11 is generally schematic 2 and such things as the motor, transmission, etc., which form no part of the invention have been deleted for clarity.

The motorcycle 11 is comprised of a frame assembly 12 that is made up primarily of a number of tubes welded together. The frame 12 carries a front fork 13 which is journaled in the frame 12 and which, in turn, rotatably carries a front wheel 14. The front fork 13 may beconnected to the frame 12 by any known type of suspension system.

A rear wheel 15 is suspended relative to the frame 12 by a suspension system, indicated generally by the reference numeral 16, which is partially shown in FIG. 2, and which embodies this invention.

The suspension system 16 includes a hub carrier assembly 17 having a pair of formed arms 18 and 19 that are affixed to opposite ends of a shaft 21, which shaft rotatably journals the wheel 15 via bearings (not shown). The arms 18 and 19 extend upwardly and downwardly from the rotational axis defined by the shaft 21 and each carries respective upper and lower pivot pins 22, 23 and 24, 25. The pivot pins 22, 23, 24 and 25 are spaced from the rotational axis defined by the shaft 21 and in the illustrated embodiment the rotational axis is positioned between the upper and lower pivot pins 22, 23 and 24, 25.

At each side of the wheel 15, one end of respective pairs of upper trailing links 26 and 27 and lower trailing links 28 and 29 are pivotally connected to the arms 18 and 19 by the pivot pins 22, 23, 24 and 25. At their forward ends, the trailing links 26 and 27 are welded to a common tubular member 31, which tube is pivotally journaled on the frame 12 by means of a pivot shaft 32. In a like manner the forward ends of the trailing links 28 and 29 are Welded to the tube 33 which is, in turn, journaled on the frame 12 by means of a pivot pin 34. The fabricated structure of the trailing arm assembly provides a relatively rigid arrangement that is capable of preventing lateral deflections of the rear wheel 15 relative to the frame 12. Thus, the rear wheel 15 is accurately located relative to the frame 12.

Each of the arms 18 and 19 provides a respective socket or cup 35 and 36 that receives the lower end of a combined spring and shock absorber assembly 37 and 38. The upper ends of the assemblies 37 and 38 are connected to the frame 12 in any suitable manner, by means of brackets 39. Thus, the combined shock absorber and spring assemblies 37 and 38 control the movement of the wheel 15 relative to the frame assembly 12.

The trailing arms or links 26, 27 and 28, 29 extend at an angle to each other and if extended these links would intersect each other at a point ahead of the rotational axis of the front wheel 14. As shown in FIG. 1, the links 26 and 27 define an imaginary line 41 which extends forwardly of the motorcycle frame 12. In a like manner, the links 28 and 29 define an imaginary line 42 that also extends forwardly. The lines 41 and 42 intersect at a point 43. This point is the instant link center and is the same regardless of whether the motorcycle is accelerating or decelerating. In the illustrated embodiment the instant link center lies above and ahead of the rotational axis of the front wheel. The described linkage system provides a long effective link center that permits large degrees of wheel movement with only small changes in the anti lift and anti squat characteristics during the range of wheel movement. The desired relationship and control between anti lift and anti squat can be obtained with this system. Although these characteristics are obtained with the specific linkage system described, it should be understood that these characteristics can be accomplished with other linkage systems and instant center locations, such variations being possible within the scope of the invention.

It is to be understood that the foregoing description is that of a preferred embodiment. Various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. In a motorcycle having a frame, a front wheel and a rear wheel, the improvement comprising a suspension system for suspending said rear wheel from said frame, said suspension system comprising a hub carrier for said rear wheel, a first link, a first pivotal connection between said first link and said frame, a second pivotal connection between said first link and said hub carrier, a second link, a third pivotal connection between said second link and said hub carrier, and a fourth pivotal connection between said second link and said frame, said first, second, third and fourth pivotal connections being spaced from each other, said links being disposed at an angle relative to each other and defining an instantaneous link center about which said links effectively pivot, said instant link center being disposed ahead of and above the axis of said front wheel when the motorcycle is in an unladened condition.

2. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1, further including spring means operatively interposed between the rear wheel and said frame for controlling the move ment of the rear wheel relative to said frame.

3. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the second and fourth pivotal connections are spaced ahead of, the first and third pivotal connections whereby said links are trailing links.

4. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the rotational axis of the suspended wheel is positioned between the first and third pivotal connections.

5. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the instant link center is the same regardless of whether the motorcycle is in an acceleration mode or a deceleration mode,

Claims (5)

1. In a motorcycle having a frame, a front wheel and a rear wheel, the improvement comprising a suspension system for suspending said rear wheel from said frame, said suspension system comprising a hub carrier for said rear wheel, a first link, a first pivotal connection between said first link and said frame, a second pivotal connection between said first link and said hub carrier, a second link, a third pivotal connection between said second link and said hub carrier, and a fourth pivotal connection between said second link and said frame, said first, second, third and fourth pivotal connections being spaced from each other, said links being disposed at an angle relative to each other and defining an instantaneous link center about which said links effectively pivot, said instant link center being disposed ahead of and above the axis of said front wheel when the motorcycle is in an unladened condition.
2. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1, further including spring means operatively interposed between the rear wheel and said frame for controlling the movement of the rear wheel relative to said frame.
3. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the second and fourth pivotal connections are spaced ahead of the first and third pivotal connections whereby said links are trailing links.
4. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the rotational axis of the suspended wheel is positioned between the first and third pivotal connections.
5. A motorcycle as set forth in claim 1 wherein the instant link center is the same regardless of whether the motorcycle is in an acceleration mode or a deceleration mode.
US42510473 1973-12-17 1973-12-17 Motorcycle suspension system Expired - Lifetime US3917313A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US42510473 US3917313A (en) 1973-12-17 1973-12-17 Motorcycle suspension system

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US42510473 US3917313A (en) 1973-12-17 1973-12-17 Motorcycle suspension system
AU75917/74A AU480502B2 (en) 1973-12-17 1974-11-29 Motorcycle suspension system
GB5251074A GB1473545A (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-04 Motorcycle
DE19742457291 DE2457291A1 (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-04 Hinterradaufhaengung for a motorcycle
SE7415176A SE7415176A (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-04
IT3057074A IT1027693B (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-13 A suspension system for motorcycles
JP14435274A JPS5147943B2 (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-16
CA216,137A CA1020098A (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-16 Motorcycle suspension system
ES432991A ES432991A1 (en) 1973-12-17 1974-12-17 Improvements in suspension systems for the rear wheel of motorcycles.

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US3917313A true US3917313A (en) 1975-11-04

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US42510473 Expired - Lifetime US3917313A (en) 1973-12-17 1973-12-17 Motorcycle suspension system

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JP (1) JPS5147943B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1020098A (en)
DE (1) DE2457291A1 (en)
ES (1) ES432991A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1473545A (en)
IT (1) IT1027693B (en)
SE (1) SE7415176A (en)

Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4058181A (en) * 1976-03-16 1977-11-15 Buell Erik F Motorcycle suspension systems
US4114918A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-09-19 Parlec, Inc. Suspension system for wheel of a motor bike
US4388978A (en) * 1981-01-30 1983-06-21 Claude Fior Suspension system for cycles and in particular for motorcycles
US4408674A (en) * 1981-06-01 1983-10-11 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4463824A (en) * 1982-04-14 1984-08-07 Performance Industries, Inc. Drive wheel suspension system for motorcycle
US4497506A (en) * 1982-01-26 1985-02-05 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Anti-lifting mechanism for motor vehicles
US4544044A (en) * 1981-06-01 1985-10-01 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4558761A (en) * 1981-06-01 1985-12-17 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4621706A (en) * 1981-06-01 1986-11-11 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4671525A (en) * 1983-01-04 1987-06-09 Valentino Ribi Elastic suspension for the rear wheels of motor vehicles
US4951791A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-08-28 Belil Creixelli Jose L Rear wheel suspension mechanism for motorcycles and the like vehicles
US5306036A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-04-26 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension
US5332246A (en) * 1992-06-15 1994-07-26 Buell Motor Company, Inc. Single sided cycle rear suspension system with vertical wheel mounting means
US5409249A (en) * 1993-09-15 1995-04-25 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension system
US5441292A (en) * 1993-09-15 1995-08-15 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension system
US5649693A (en) * 1995-08-25 1997-07-22 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Position sensitive friction damper
US5797613A (en) * 1996-06-14 1998-08-25 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle flex joint
US5803476A (en) * 1995-08-25 1998-09-08 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacturing
US5876054A (en) * 1995-08-25 1999-03-02 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacture
WO1999010224A1 (en) * 1997-08-29 1999-03-04 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension for a bicycle
US5901974A (en) * 1996-09-04 1999-05-11 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle, anti-dive braking system
US5947499A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-09-07 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle flexible joint
US5957473A (en) * 1996-03-15 1999-09-28 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension bicycle
US6029990A (en) * 1997-05-13 2000-02-29 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Direct drive bicycle
US6073950A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-06-13 Busby; James S. Bicycle with crank assembly suspension system
US6076845A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-06-20 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension for a bicycle having a flexible chain stay
US6099010A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-08-08 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle with crank assembly suspension system
EP1058642A1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-12-13 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6264878B1 (en) 1995-08-25 2001-07-24 James S. Busby Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacture
US6527289B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2003-03-04 Greg M. Parigian Rear suspension system for two-wheeled vehicles
US20040160036A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Ricardo Perez Bicycle frame with rear passive suspension
US20050062296A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-03-24 Xerox Corporation Magnetic latch and release apparatus
US20060022429A1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2006-02-02 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US20060065464A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Rear wheel support structure of motorcycle or three-wheeled vehicle
US20060069244A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2006-03-30 Holtzapple Mark T Method and system for solubilizing protein
US7066481B1 (en) 2005-04-13 2006-06-27 Felt Racing, Llc Bicycle rear suspension
US20060137928A1 (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-06-29 Parker James G Rear suspension for a motorcycle
US7086658B2 (en) 2000-12-19 2006-08-08 Parigian Greg M Multi-linking, rear suspension system for two-wheeled motor vehicles
US20070004329A1 (en) * 2005-06-30 2007-01-04 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Air-inlet structure for motorcycle
EP1871634A2 (en) * 2005-04-07 2008-01-02 David Weagle Vehicle suspension system for stable squat magnitude responses
US20080073868A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-03-27 David Weagle Vehicle suspension systems for seperated acceleration responses
US20080078602A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Rear wheel suspension device of motorcycle
US20080236925A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Motorcycle
US20090001686A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-01 Currie Christopher S Rear wheel suspension system for a two-wheeled vehicle
US20090102158A1 (en) * 2006-03-15 2009-04-23 Emmanuel Antonot Bicycle Rear Suspension
US7556276B1 (en) 2006-12-02 2009-07-07 Charles E. Dunlap Bicycle rear wheel suspension chassis
US20100109282A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-05-06 David Weagle Bicycle suspension systems
US20100207345A1 (en) * 2009-02-18 2010-08-19 Hideaki Nakagawa Saddle-ride type vehicle
US8272658B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2012-09-25 Yeti Cycling, Llc Rear suspension system for a bicycle
CN103171389A (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-06-26 现代自动车株式会社 Rear suspension for three-wheeled car
US20160075397A1 (en) * 2014-09-15 2016-03-17 Gogoro Inc. Multi-link vehicle suspension system
US9561834B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2017-02-07 Yeti Cycling, Llc Link suspension system
US9821879B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2017-11-21 Yeti Cycling, Llc Reciprocating rail movement suspension system

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DE3345426C2 (en) * 1983-12-15 1988-05-26 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag, 8000 Muenchen, De
US4765432B1 (en) * 1987-05-21 1997-09-16 H Paul Odom Motorcycle having a suspension coupled seat

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FR852278A (en) * 1938-03-28 1940-01-27 Nsu Werke Ag elastic rear wheel suspension for two-wheeled motorcycles
FR1051861A (en) * 1952-02-28 1954-01-19 Suspension device of a driving wheel for motorcycles and other vehicles
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GB767101A (en) * 1953-09-16 1957-01-30 Douglas Marshall Improved rear wheel suspension for motor driven cycles

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DE458416C (en) * 1928-04-10 Gustav Schwarz Spring rear wheel assembly to the frame of engine and bicycles
GB496852A (en) * 1937-02-19 1938-12-07 Steyr Daimler Puch Ag Improvements in and relating to the springing of vehicle wheels
FR852278A (en) * 1938-03-28 1940-01-27 Nsu Werke Ag elastic rear wheel suspension for two-wheeled motorcycles
FR1051861A (en) * 1952-02-28 1954-01-19 Suspension device of a driving wheel for motorcycles and other vehicles
DE950983C (en) * 1952-09-19 1956-10-18 Karl Hoeger Single-track motor vehicle, especially motorcycle
GB767101A (en) * 1953-09-16 1957-01-30 Douglas Marshall Improved rear wheel suspension for motor driven cycles

Cited By (86)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4058181A (en) * 1976-03-16 1977-11-15 Buell Erik F Motorcycle suspension systems
US4114918A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-09-19 Parlec, Inc. Suspension system for wheel of a motor bike
US4388978A (en) * 1981-01-30 1983-06-21 Claude Fior Suspension system for cycles and in particular for motorcycles
US4621706A (en) * 1981-06-01 1986-11-11 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4408674A (en) * 1981-06-01 1983-10-11 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4544044A (en) * 1981-06-01 1985-10-01 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4558761A (en) * 1981-06-01 1985-12-17 Performance Industries, Inc. Motorcycle drive wheel suspension system
US4497506A (en) * 1982-01-26 1985-02-05 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Anti-lifting mechanism for motor vehicles
FR2525173A1 (en) * 1982-04-14 1983-10-21 Performance Industries suspension system for motorcycle drive wheel
US4463824A (en) * 1982-04-14 1984-08-07 Performance Industries, Inc. Drive wheel suspension system for motorcycle
US4671525A (en) * 1983-01-04 1987-06-09 Valentino Ribi Elastic suspension for the rear wheels of motor vehicles
US4951791A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-08-28 Belil Creixelli Jose L Rear wheel suspension mechanism for motorcycles and the like vehicles
US5332246A (en) * 1992-06-15 1994-07-26 Buell Motor Company, Inc. Single sided cycle rear suspension system with vertical wheel mounting means
US5306036A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-04-26 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension
US5409249A (en) * 1993-09-15 1995-04-25 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension system
US5441292A (en) * 1993-09-15 1995-08-15 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle rear suspension system
US5649693A (en) * 1995-08-25 1997-07-22 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Position sensitive friction damper
US6264878B1 (en) 1995-08-25 2001-07-24 James S. Busby Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacture
US5803476A (en) * 1995-08-25 1998-09-08 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacturing
US5876054A (en) * 1995-08-25 1999-03-02 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Composite bicycle frame and method of manufacture
US6102421A (en) * 1996-03-15 2000-08-15 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension for a bicycle
US5957473A (en) * 1996-03-15 1999-09-28 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension bicycle
US5797613A (en) * 1996-06-14 1998-08-25 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle flex joint
US5947499A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-09-07 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle flexible joint
US5865456A (en) * 1996-06-14 1999-02-02 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle flex joint with non-torsional encasement
US5901974A (en) * 1996-09-04 1999-05-11 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle, anti-dive braking system
US6056307A (en) * 1996-09-04 2000-05-02 Busby; James S. Bicycle anti-dive braking system
US6079726A (en) * 1997-05-13 2000-06-27 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Direct drive bicycle
US6029990A (en) * 1997-05-13 2000-02-29 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Direct drive bicycle
US6155585A (en) * 1997-05-13 2000-12-05 Busby; James S. Direct drive bicycle
WO1999010224A1 (en) * 1997-08-29 1999-03-04 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension for a bicycle
US6073950A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-06-13 Busby; James S. Bicycle with crank assembly suspension system
US6099010A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-08-08 Gt Bicycles, Inc. Bicycle with crank assembly suspension system
US20040145149A1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2004-07-29 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
EP1058642A1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-12-13 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US7296815B2 (en) 1998-03-02 2007-11-20 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6471230B2 (en) 1998-03-02 2002-10-29 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
EP1058642A4 (en) * 1998-03-02 2002-11-04 Anthony S Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US20060022429A1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2006-02-02 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6595538B2 (en) 1998-03-02 2003-07-22 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6378885B1 (en) * 1998-03-02 2002-04-30 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6926298B2 (en) 1998-03-02 2005-08-09 Anthony S. Ellsworth Bicycle suspension apparatus and related method
US6076845A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-06-20 Schwinn Cycling & Fitness Inc. Rear suspension for a bicycle having a flexible chain stay
US6527289B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2003-03-04 Greg M. Parigian Rear suspension system for two-wheeled vehicles
US7086658B2 (en) 2000-12-19 2006-08-08 Parigian Greg M Multi-linking, rear suspension system for two-wheeled motor vehicles
US20060069244A1 (en) * 2002-11-07 2006-03-30 Holtzapple Mark T Method and system for solubilizing protein
US20040160036A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Ricardo Perez Bicycle frame with rear passive suspension
US6932371B2 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-08-23 Ricardo Perez Bicycle frame with rear passive suspension
US20050062296A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2005-03-24 Xerox Corporation Magnetic latch and release apparatus
US8696008B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2014-04-15 Yeti Cycling, Llc Rear suspension system for a bicycle
US8272658B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2012-09-25 Yeti Cycling, Llc Rear suspension system for a bicycle
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US10293881B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2019-05-21 Yeti Cycling, Llc Rear suspension system for a bicycle
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JPS5147943B2 (en) 1976-12-17
GB1473545A (en) 1977-05-11
ES432991A1 (en) 1977-04-16
CA1020098A1 (en)
SE7415176A (en) 1975-06-18
DE2457291A1 (en) 1975-06-19
JPS50106360A (en) 1975-08-21
CA1020098A (en) 1977-11-01
IT1027693B (en) 1978-12-20
AU7591774A (en) 1976-06-03

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