US3917173A - Atomizing apparatus for finely distributing a liquid in an air stream - Google Patents

Atomizing apparatus for finely distributing a liquid in an air stream Download PDF

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US3917173A
US3917173A US50949274A US3917173A US 3917173 A US3917173 A US 3917173A US 50949274 A US50949274 A US 50949274A US 3917173 A US3917173 A US 3917173A
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liquid
air stream
tubular structure
surface
atomizing apparatus
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Ritindar Singh
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Stal-Laval Turbin AB
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Stal-Laval Turbin AB
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/0075Nozzle arrangements in gas streams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/02Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge
    • B05B7/04Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with arrangements for mixing liquids or other fluent materials before discharge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/70Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning
    • F04D29/701Suction grids; Strainers; Dust separation; Cleaning especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/705Adding liquids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/10Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour
    • F23D11/101Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour medium and fuel meeting before the burner outlet
    • F23D11/105Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour medium and fuel meeting before the burner outlet at least one of the fluids being submitted to a swirling motion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/10Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour
    • F23D11/106Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour medium and fuel meeting at the burner outlet
    • F23D11/107Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space the spraying being induced by a gaseous medium, e.g. water vapour medium and fuel meeting at the burner outlet at least one of both being subjected to a swirling motion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23RGENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY, e.g. GAS-TURBINE COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
    • F23R3/00Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel
    • F23R3/28Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel characterised by the fuel supply
    • F23R3/286Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel characterised by the fuel supply having fuel-air premixing devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for burners using fluid fuels or solid fuels suspended in a carrier gas
    • F23D2900/11101Pulverising gas flow impinging on fuel from pre-filming surface, e.g. lip atomizers

Abstract

An apparatus is disclosed for efficiently atomizing and finely distributing a liquid in an air stream, for extracting maximum benefit from the liquid for the intended use, which may be for combustion as in jets and combustion chambers for gas turbines, or for moisturizing equipment, or for use in the chemical industry, for example, where the liquid will be suitable for the purpose intended, as for extraction of heat energy, or for mixing purposes, or the like.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Singh Nov. 4, 1975 [54] ATOMIZING APPARATUS FOR FINELY 3,254,846 6/1966 Schreter et al. 239/400 IST UT A LIQUID IN AN AIR 3,483,699 12/1969 Harvey 60/39.74 R STREAM 3,530,667 9/1970 Bryan 60/39.74 R 3,713,588 1/1973 Sharpe 239/400 [75] Inventor: Ritindar Singh, Finspong, Sweden [73] Assignee: Stal-Lavel Turbin AB, Finspang, a E i j h Love Sweden Attorney, Agent, 0r FirmEric Y. Munson [22] Filed: Sept. 26, 1974 [21] Appl. No.2 509,492

. 57 ABSTRACT Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 352,542, April 19, 1973, An apparatus is disclosed for efficiently atomizing and abandoned. finely distributing a liquid in an air stream, for extracting maximum benefit from the liquid for the intended [52] US. Cl. 239/400; 239/404; 239/406; use, which may be for combustion as in jets and com- 239/430 bustion chambers for gas turbines, or for moisturizing [51] Int. Cl. B05B 7/00 equipment, or for use in the chemical industry, for ex- [58] Field of Search 239/400, 403-406, ample, where the liquid will be suitable for the pur- 239/424.5, 425, 429, 430, 431, 433, 434, pose intended, as for extraction of heat energy, or for 434.5; 60/39.74 R mixing purposes, or the like.

[ References Cited 7 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,539,314 1/1951 Murphy 239/404 x l5 I6 7 I! I I I I0 US. Patent N0v.4, 1975 3,917,173

ATOMIZING APPARATUS FOR FINELY DISTRIBUTING A LIQUID IN AN AIR STREAM This is a continuation of application Ser. No.

352,542, filed Apr. 19, 1973, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed to an atomizing structure, which serves to provide a fine distribution of liquid for introduction into an air stream driven past the apparatus; which structure functions to provide a high degree of atomization of the liquid and consequent optimum mixing with the air stream. The apparatus embodies a primary or basic hollow cylinder with a hollow wall chamber for receiving a liquid, that passes through perforations in the inner wall of the chamber into thin layers onto the surface of the cylinder. The perforations are disposed in a direction as near as possible to the tangential to the inner surface of the cylinder, in order to embody sharp edges, that will tend to reduce the thickness of the liquid layer at those edges and will stimulate the formation of small droplets for maximum efficiency in mixing the liquid and air stream.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION The primary object of this invention is to provide a fluid distributor, for use in and with a moving air stream, that will provide a highly effective and efficient atomization of the fluid for optimum and highly efficient mixing of the fluid in a finely divided state in the air stream.

Another object of the invention is to provide a fluid distributor that may be easily enlarged in sectional area dimensions to take care of treating air streams of increased dimensions.

Another object of the invention is to provide a liquid atomizing distributor, that is simple in construction and economical to manufacture.

A further object is to provide such a structure for atomizing and distributing a fluid into an air stream, that is highly efficient in establishing a good mixing action between the fluid and the air stream.

Another object of the invention is to provide a simple liquid distributor of simple construction, free of moving parts, and serving to achieve maximum atomization of liquid into an air stream, by creating a high degree of turbulence in the air stream, in such manner as to establish a high degree of wiping action of the air stream on the surfaces of the distributor by such turbulence, during the passage of the air stream past and through the liquid distributor.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an atomizing system for finely distributing a liquid in an air stream.

There are many applications where it is desired to atomize a combustible liquid in an air stream for optimum combustion and extraction of energy for many utilitarian purposes. Such a system is used, for example, in jets and combustion chambers for gas turbines, and in oil-fired boilers, and can also be used in drying equipment, or moisturizing equipment in the chemical industry, for example. In accordance with this invention, apparatus of the type disclosed herein is suitable to permit large quantities of air to be extracted to take up correspondingly large quantities of finely distributed atomized liquid.

In conventional apparatus for this atomizing purpose, generally one or more nozzles have been used to project a conical or annular jet of liquid out into the air stream. Atomization of the liquid is achieved by expressing liquid out through fine apertures or gaps in the nozzle, and the quantity of liquid that can be thus ejected from a nozzle is extremely limited. If larger quantities are required, the number of nozzles may be increased, but that is in itself a complication just as the individual nozzles are rather complicated.

The present invention uses considerably simpler basic components to permit liquid to be mixed into air streams of unlimited magnitude. The basic element according to the invention is a tubular surface, which may be cylindrical or conical, and which is disposed in the path of the air stream, i.e. parallel, coaxial or concentric with such path, so that the air stream flows over and sweeps the surfaces of the basic elements for maximum intermingling activity. The liquid is flowed out onto those surfaces and is even further distributed over those surfaces by the air stream, which is controlled to be turbulent to achieve maximum atomizing and mixing, after which the atomized liquid leaves the surfaces in the direction of the air stream in the form of a finely distributed veil at the edge of the surface, thereafter becoming mixed with the air stream. By arranging several such surfaces concentrically or coaxially with each other and the air stream, it is in principle possible to opy erate with air streams of any size, and, by varying the spacing between these surfaces, the desired concentration of liquid in the air stream can be obtained with maximum efficiency of the atomization.

The basic element is constructed as a hollow doublewalled cylindrical, or conical, tubular ring, which serves as distributor of the liquid. A chamber is formed between the walls of that distributor, and is connected to the liquid supply, suitably via a pressure pump. Holes drilled through the inner wall of the ring, preferably almost tangential to the inner surface of the distributor, serve as passages through which liquid is laid out as a film on the inner surface.

By surrounding the first ring with an extra ring, the fine holes on the outside of the first ring direct a spray onto the second ring so an extra distribution surface is obtained for the liquid and, as will be seen in the following, it is possible to continue in this way, thus increasing the system to an arbitrary cross section, according to the dimension of the air stream desired.

The atomizer apparatus according to the invention is described in the following specification, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows an atomizing distributor according to the invention; and

FIG. 2 shows how such a structure can be extended.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary section of the distributor shown in FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows an atomizing apparatus according to the invention, for use in, for example, an oil burner for a gas turbine, or for a steam boiler. The air stream is produced by a compressor or fan 1 in the casing 2, and the air stream then continues through the atomizing device or distributor 3. The distributor consists here of a 3 basic cylindrical element 4, and an extra cylinder ring 5 surrounding the inner cylindrical ring 4.

The basic cylindrical element 4 consists of a ring which may be cylindrical, as shown, or it may converge forwardly to be conical. It is placed with its axis parallel to the air stream. The ring 4 is hollow and has an internal chamber 6 to which liquid is supplied through at least one tube 7, for distribution into the air stream. The chamber walls are provided with drilled holes 8, through which the liquid is sprayed out. These drilled holes are preferably directed obliquely, with respect to the radii of the ring. The obliquely drilled holes are disposed to be substantially tangential to the inner surface 9 of the ring. It is thus ensured that the liquid is distributed immediately over the inner surface 9 instead of streaming out solely freely into the centre of the ring, with the risk of larger drops being carried out into the air stream. It is intended, that the liquid shall be distributed in a fine thin layer over the surface 9 and glide down this surface in the direction of the air stream until it leaves the sharp edge 10 of the ring in a fine veil in the direction of the air stream. The sharp edges of the oblique holes 8 aid in thinning and breaking the thin layer of liquid.

The air. stream is also controlled by guide vanes 11, 12 and 13 which may be randomly disposed but for simplicity are disposed in concentric layers, so that suitable and controlled turbulence and eddy-formation is achieved in the air stream, to increase droplet formation and break-up by relative scrubbing action and movement against the wetted surfaces and hole edges. For the same purpose the ring 4 is bevelled at the outlet edge 10, this being substantially knife-sharp. The inner and outer air streams from the guide vanes 11 and 12 are thus well mixed with each other and the liquid leaves the sharp edge 10 in the form of a uniform veil which is easily dispersed and distributed completely homogenously in the air stream.

Holes 14, drilled through the outer chamber wall on the outside of the ring 4 guide liquid in spray against the inside surface 15 of the extra ring 5. This ring 5 is also bevelled towards its front sharp edge 16, thus ensuring satisfactory and uniform dispersal of the liquid veil from that edge also of ring 15.

The surface 9 of inner ring 4 is designated as a primary distribution surface, whereas the surface 15 of ring 5 is designated as a secondary distribution surface. An extra secondary distribution surface 17 is indicated in broken lines, as formed by a tube inside the ring 4, to show how additional distributing surface area may be provided, if desired. in that case, some of the holes 8 could be effectively directed towards the secondary surface 17, while others are directed tangentially towards the primary surface 9, as previously noted.

FIG. 2 shows how yet another secondarysurface may be arranged. For the sake of simplicity FIG. 2 shows only one half of the atomizing device 3. Between the outer ring 5 and the casing 2 is an additional ring 20, the inner surface 21 of which is sprayed with liquid from holes 19 in the ring 4. In order to make room for the holes 19, the holes 14, ring 5 and guide vanes 12 have been displaced to the right. An extra set of guide vanes 18 is shown provided for the ring 20.

Where desired, instead of the ring 20, or outside this, a second or additional hollow ring, like the basic inner ring 4, may be arranged, having its liquid supply and perforated chamber walls as the inner and outer sides. It is possible in this way to continue with primary and For a given quantity of air, a given quantity of liquid,

i.e. concentration of liquid in the air, and a given flow crosssection, the number or rings and their diameter may be provided so that the desired mixing ratio can be achieved with desired atomization.

7 By providing an expansion chamber immediately beyond the atomizing region, increased homogeneity of 1 the mixture is obtained.

The structure may be modified in dimension and arrangement without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the claims, as for example, forming the main cylinder as a conical structure truncated at the front apex end.

What is claimed is:

1. Atomizing apparatus for finely distributing a liquid into an air stream, comprising: a. at least one primary, cylindrical tubular structure defining an open ended passage and having its inner and outer surfaces exposed to the air stream,

said tubular structure having a cylindrical inner surface and an outer surface having an upstream a cylindrical part and a downstream conical part forming together with said inner surface a sharp downstream edge, said tubular structure embodying a hollow chamber between said inner and outer surfaces with perforations in the walls of said chamber, said perforations leading to the inner surface of the tubular structure, and serving to conduct liquid from said chamber onto said inner surface, and distributing said liquid onto said inner surface;

b. and means for propelling an air stream through said passage and along said tubular structure, to pick up and entrain minute liquid droplets at the downstream edge of said surface.

2. Atomizing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, having at least one secondary tubular structure arranged coaxially with said primary tubular structure, said secondary structure also having a sharp downstream edge formed by a cylindrical surface facing said primary tubular structure and a conical surface part facing away from said primary tubular structure, further perforations in the wall of said primary structure arranged for directing jets of liquid onto the said cylindrical surface of the secondary structure.

3. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 2, including, further, means for introducing fluid into said hollow chamber to travel through said perforations.

4. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, in which said fluid introducing means include a pressure pump. 5. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, including, further,

means for creating turbulence in said air stream to increase the entraining activity of said air stream. 6. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 5, in which said turbulence means include guide vanes to modulate the directional flow of portions of said air said perforations are inclined to be closely tangential to said inner surface of said tubular structure. 7. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, in which stre am UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFEQATE 0F CORRECTIQN Patent No. 5 917 173 Date November 1. 1975 lnvent fl Ritindar S1 ngh It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

[50] Foreign Application Priority Data April 21, 1972 Sweden. o 5252/1972 Signed and gealed this first Day of June1976 [SEAL] A ms 1.-

nu'm c. msou v c. MARSHALL DANN Altesn'ng Officer Commissioner uflanms and Trademarks

Claims (7)

1. Atomizing apparatus for finely distributing a liquid into an air stream, comprising: a. at least one primary, cylindrical tubular structure defining an open ended passage and having its inner and outer surfaces exposed to the air stream, said tubular structure having a cylindrical inner surface and an outer surface having an upstream cylindrical part and a downstream conical part forming together with said inner surface a sharp downstream edge, said tubular structure embodying a hollow chamber between said inner and outer surfaces with perforations in the walls of said chamber, said perforations leading to the inner surface of the tubular structure, and serving to conduct liquid from said chamber onto said inner surface, and distributing said liquid onto said inner surface; b. and means for propelling an air stream through said passage and along said tubular structure, to pick up and entrain minute liquid droplets at the downstream edge of said surface.
2. Atomizing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, having at least one secondary tubular structure arranged coaxially with said primary tubular structure, said secondary structure also having a sharp downstream edge formed by a cylindrical surface facing said primary tubular structure and a conical surface part facing away from said primary tubular structure, further perforations in the wall of said primary structure arranged for directing jets of liquid onto the said cylindrical surface of the secondary structure.
3. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 2, including, further, means for introducing fluid into said hollow chamber to travel through said perforations.
4. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, in which said fluid introducing means include a pressure pump.
5. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, including, further, means for creating turbulence in said air stream to increase the entraining activity of said air stream.
6. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 5, in which said turbulence means include guide vanes to modulate the directional flow of portions of said air stream.
7. Atomizing apparatus, as in claim 3, in which said perforations are inclined to be closely tangential to said inner surface of said tubular structure.
US50949274 1972-04-21 1974-09-26 Atomizing apparatus for finely distributing a liquid in an air stream Expired - Lifetime US3917173A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2393940A1 (en) * 1977-06-10 1979-01-05 Rolls Royce combustor burner for gas turbine engine
FR2421342A1 (en) * 1978-03-28 1979-10-26 Rolls Royce Combustion chamber for gas turbine engine
US4230445A (en) * 1977-06-17 1980-10-28 Sulzer Brothers Ltd. Burner for a fluid fuel
US4373325A (en) * 1980-03-07 1983-02-15 International Harvester Company Combustors
US4470262A (en) * 1980-03-07 1984-09-11 Solar Turbines, Incorporated Combustors
US4471821A (en) * 1980-07-24 1984-09-18 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for distributing a gas, coming from a pipe, over the cross-section of a vessel
US4497170A (en) * 1982-07-22 1985-02-05 The Garrett Corporation Actuation system for a variable geometry combustor
US4532762A (en) * 1982-07-22 1985-08-06 The Garrett Corporation Gas turbine engine variable geometry combustor apparatus
EP0159153A1 (en) * 1984-03-26 1985-10-23 The Garrett Corporation Air blast fuel injection device
US5165241A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-11-24 General Electric Company Air fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
US5251447A (en) * 1992-10-01 1993-10-12 General Electric Company Air fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
US5351477A (en) * 1993-12-21 1994-10-04 General Electric Company Dual fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
US5423173A (en) * 1993-07-29 1995-06-13 United Technologies Corporation Fuel injector and method of operating the fuel injector
EP0660038A2 (en) * 1993-12-23 1995-06-28 ROLLS-ROYCE plc Fuel injection apparatus
US5511375A (en) * 1994-09-12 1996-04-30 General Electric Company Dual fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
GB2327120A (en) * 1997-07-09 1999-01-13 Deutsch Zentr Luft & Raumfahrt Atomising nozzle for premix burners
US6311496B1 (en) * 1997-12-19 2001-11-06 Alstom Gas Turbines Limited Gas turbine fuel/air mixing arrangement with outer and inner radial inflow swirlers
WO2003006885A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-01-23 Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. Premixing chamber for turbine combustor
US20050039456A1 (en) * 2003-08-05 2005-02-24 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Fuel/air premixer for gas turbine combustor
US20050268618A1 (en) * 2004-06-08 2005-12-08 General Electric Company Burner tube and method for mixing air and gas in a gas turbine engine
FR2942976A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-17 Bernard Etcheparre fluid ejection device by air blast
US20100308135A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Staging fuel nozzle
US20110289933A1 (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-12-01 Gregory Allen Boardman Hybrid Prefilming Airblast, Prevaporizing, Lean-Premixing Dual-Fuel Nozzle for a Gas Turbine Combustor
US20120304649A1 (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-12-06 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Fuel injector
US20130298562A1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-11-14 General Electric Company Fuel Injector With Mixing Circuit
US20140260259A1 (en) * 2011-12-05 2014-09-18 General Electric Company Multi-zone combustor
CN104069960A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-01 宁夏嘉翔自控技术有限公司 Pored inner-tooth layered nozzle with 15-degree taper angle
US10295190B2 (en) 2016-11-04 2019-05-21 General Electric Company Centerbody injector mini mixer fuel nozzle assembly
US10352569B2 (en) 2016-11-04 2019-07-16 General Electric Company Multi-point centerbody injector mini mixing fuel nozzle assembly

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US2539314A (en) * 1944-10-28 1951-01-23 Monarch Mfg Works Inc Nozzle
US3254846A (en) * 1965-01-21 1966-06-07 Hauck Mfg Co Oil atomizing burner using low pressure air
US3483699A (en) * 1967-02-22 1969-12-16 Rolls Royce Fuel injector for a gas turbine engine
US3530667A (en) * 1967-11-02 1970-09-29 Rolls Royce Fuel injector for gas turbine engines
US3713588A (en) * 1970-11-27 1973-01-30 Gen Motors Corp Liquid fuel spray nozzles with air atomization

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US2539314A (en) * 1944-10-28 1951-01-23 Monarch Mfg Works Inc Nozzle
US3254846A (en) * 1965-01-21 1966-06-07 Hauck Mfg Co Oil atomizing burner using low pressure air
US3483699A (en) * 1967-02-22 1969-12-16 Rolls Royce Fuel injector for a gas turbine engine
US3530667A (en) * 1967-11-02 1970-09-29 Rolls Royce Fuel injector for gas turbine engines
US3713588A (en) * 1970-11-27 1973-01-30 Gen Motors Corp Liquid fuel spray nozzles with air atomization

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2393940A1 (en) * 1977-06-10 1979-01-05 Rolls Royce combustor burner for gas turbine engine
US4230445A (en) * 1977-06-17 1980-10-28 Sulzer Brothers Ltd. Burner for a fluid fuel
FR2421342A1 (en) * 1978-03-28 1979-10-26 Rolls Royce Combustion chamber for gas turbine engine
US4373325A (en) * 1980-03-07 1983-02-15 International Harvester Company Combustors
US4470262A (en) * 1980-03-07 1984-09-11 Solar Turbines, Incorporated Combustors
US4471821A (en) * 1980-07-24 1984-09-18 Basf Aktiengesellschaft Apparatus for distributing a gas, coming from a pipe, over the cross-section of a vessel
US4497170A (en) * 1982-07-22 1985-02-05 The Garrett Corporation Actuation system for a variable geometry combustor
US4532762A (en) * 1982-07-22 1985-08-06 The Garrett Corporation Gas turbine engine variable geometry combustor apparatus
EP0159153A1 (en) * 1984-03-26 1985-10-23 The Garrett Corporation Air blast fuel injection device
US5165241A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-11-24 General Electric Company Air fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
US5251447A (en) * 1992-10-01 1993-10-12 General Electric Company Air fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
US5423173A (en) * 1993-07-29 1995-06-13 United Technologies Corporation Fuel injector and method of operating the fuel injector
US5351477A (en) * 1993-12-21 1994-10-04 General Electric Company Dual fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
EP0660038A2 (en) * 1993-12-23 1995-06-28 ROLLS-ROYCE plc Fuel injection apparatus
EP0660038A3 (en) * 1993-12-23 1996-06-05 Rolls Royce Plc Fuel injection apparatus.
US5647538A (en) * 1993-12-23 1997-07-15 Rolls Royce Plc Gas turbine engine fuel injection apparatus
US5511375A (en) * 1994-09-12 1996-04-30 General Electric Company Dual fuel mixer for gas turbine combustor
GB2327120A (en) * 1997-07-09 1999-01-13 Deutsch Zentr Luft & Raumfahrt Atomising nozzle for premix burners
GB2327120B (en) * 1997-07-09 2001-08-15 Deutsch Zentr Luft & Raumfahrt Atomizing nozzle for atomizing fuel in burners
US6311496B1 (en) * 1997-12-19 2001-11-06 Alstom Gas Turbines Limited Gas turbine fuel/air mixing arrangement with outer and inner radial inflow swirlers
WO2003006885A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-01-23 Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. Premixing chamber for turbine combustor
US6530222B2 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-03-11 Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp. Swirled diffusion dump combustor
US7434401B2 (en) * 2003-08-05 2008-10-14 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Fuel/air premixer for gas turbine combustor
US20050039456A1 (en) * 2003-08-05 2005-02-24 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Fuel/air premixer for gas turbine combustor
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