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Supporting collar

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Publication number
US3916884A
US3916884A US50110374A US3916884A US 3916884 A US3916884 A US 3916884A US 50110374 A US50110374 A US 50110374A US 3916884 A US3916884 A US 3916884A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
collar
strips
neck
material
supporting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
David J Attenburrow
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Reed International Ltd
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Reed International Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/12Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for the head or neck
    • A61F13/128Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads specially adapted for the head or neck specially adapted for the neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/055Cervical collars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/23Cervical collars

Abstract

A neck supporting collar comprises at least two strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a fold line between the two strips, so that the strips can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar. Preferably the collar comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.

Description

United States Patent Attenburrow 45] N 4, 1975 SUPPORTING COLLAR 2,957,475 10/1960 Drake 128/87 R 2,980,110 4/1961 Brumfield et a1. l28/87 R [75], Inventor Dav! Attenbumw Bndlmgtm 3,496,934 2/1970 Anderson 128/93 x England 3,504,667 4/1970 McFarlane..... [73] Assignee: Reed International Limited, 3,512,523 5/1970 Barnett 128/75 London, England P E Ri h d A G d nmary xammer-- c at au et [22] Filed: 1974 Assistant ExaminerJ. Yasko [21] A l N 501,103 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Elliott I. Pollock [30] Foreign Application Priority Data [57] ABSTRACT Sept. 25, 1973 United Kingdom 44848/73 A neck suppdrting F compfises, at least two strips of board material dlsposed side by slde and covered by 52 US. Cl. 128/75; l28/DIG. 23 an envelope of flexible Sheet material which PYOIides 51 Int. Cl. A61H 1/02 a fold line between the two ships that the Ships 5 Field f Search 128/75 DIG 23, 87 83 can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar. Preferably the collar comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope provid- [56] References Cited ing a fold line between the centre and each of the UNITED STATES PATENTS smps' 2,874,468 2/1959 DeWoskin 128/75 x 7 Claims, 4 Drawing figures Sheet 1 of2 US. Patent Nov. 4, 1975 U.S. Patent Nov.4, 1975 Sheet 2 of2 3,916,884

SUPPORTING COLLAR This invention relates to a neck supporting collar.

The object of the invention is to provide a low cost neck supporting collar which can be easily fitted to any patient, who hassuffered an injury by impact, to ensure that further injury of the neck is avoided when moving the patient from the scene of the accident.

According to the invention a neck supporting collar is formed by at least two strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a fold line between the two strips, so that the strips can be disposed face-toface to reduce the width of the collar.

Preferably the collar has three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.

The collar is thus readily adjustable in width and its fastening arrangement can be such that the collar is readily adjustable in length. This allows emergency services to meet a maximum demarid say in the case of an aircraft accident, without having to carry numerous collars of different sizes.

The collar has the necessary flexibility for it to be bent into position around the neck and the necessary transverse stiffness to provide adequate support of the head. If the strips are provided with transverse score lines the longitudinal bending of the collar can be controlled; thus for example score lines can be provided so that the collar takes up the shape of the neck at the back but is, relatively speaking, pointed at the front to ensure that the windpipe of the patient is not restricted and to give added support to the jaw. The board material may be chipboard, hardboard, cardboard or grained wood cut so that the grain extends width-wise of the strips.

The flexible material used for the envelope is preferably plastics material such as P.V.C.; longitudinal weld lines may be provided between facing surfaces of the envelope material to seal each strip within its own compartment in an airtight manner and simultaneously to provide a fold line between the strips.

One construction of neck supporting collar in accordance with the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the collar in the openedout position.

FIGS. 2(a) to 2(d) show different ways in which the collar can be adjusted to vary its width,

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the collar showing its internal construction, and

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the collar as it would be folded around the neck of a patient.

Referring to the drawings, the collar is constructed so that it lies flat for storage as shown in FIG. 1. In use the collar is bent around the neck of a patient and fastened together at its ends as shown in FIG. 4, the fastening in this example coming at the back of the neck of the patient. The fastening can take any suitable form provided that it is adjustable to vary the effective length of the collar. In the example shown in the drawing the fastening is a touch-and-close fastening having one fastening strip 1 extending along the collar and a second fastening strip 2 on a tab 3. Such fastening strips are sold under the Registered Trade Mark VELCRO, one of the strips being formed with a plurality of loop elements of plastic material and the other with a plural- 2 ity of hook elements which engage with the loops when the strips are pressed together. Adjustment of the length of the collar is brought about by adjustment of amount by which the strip 2 overlaps the strip 1.

The collar is formed using three side-by-side strips of board material, a central strip 4 and two wing strips 5 and 6 all of unequal width, the central strip 4 having a width slightly greater than the sum of the widths of the strips 5 and 6. The strips 4, 5 and 6 have an envelope 7 of plastics sheet material such as P.V.C. Line welds 8 and 9 extend between the central strip 4 and the wing strips 5 and 6, to seal each strip in airtight manner in its own compartment and simultaneously provide a fold line by means of which the two wing strips 5 and 6 can be folded on to the central strip 4 so that the wing strips 5 and 6 are disposed face to face with the central strip 4. In FIGS. 2(a)-2(d) are shown the various positional combinations of the wing strips 5 and 6 in order to vary the width of the collar. Thus FIG. 2(a) shows the widest collar and FIG. 2(d) the narrowest collar.

Transverse score lines 10 and 11 (FIG. 1) are provided at the ends and at mid-length of the collar respectively to control the bending of the collar so that it takes up the shape shown in FIG. 4 when fitted to a patient, the relatively pointed front ensuring that the windpipe is not restricted and providing added support for the jaw.

Polyester foam 12 (FIG. 3) covers the surfaces of the wing strips 5 and 6 and provides a cushioning effect against the jaw and shoulder of the patient.

I claim:

1. A neck supporting collar comprising at least two elongated strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a longitudinal fold line between the two strips so that the strips can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar, the opposing ends of the collar being provided respectively with cooperating fastening means, at least one of said strips being provided with transverse score lines to control the bending of said collar when said strips are bent about the neck of a wearer to permit the opposing ends of said collar to be fastened to one another by said cooperating fastening means.

2. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein the collar. comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.

3. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the outer strips are covered by cushioning material.

4. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the sum of the widths of the two outer strips is less than the width of the centre strip.

5. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the envelope is of plastics material and each fold line is provided by a weld line joining facing surfaces of the envelope to seal each strip in its own compartment of the envelope.

6. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein one of the strips is provided with transverse score lines adjacent an end to control 'the bending of the collar.

7. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein at least one transverse score line is provided at the mid-length of said strip to provide a pointed bend in the strip at the midlength.

Claims (7)

1. A neck supporting collar comprising at least two elongated strips of board material disposed side by side and covered by an envelope of flexible sheet material which provides a longitudinal fold line between the two strips so that the strips can be disposed face to face to reduce the width of the collar, the opposing ends of the collar being provided respectively with cooperating fastening means, at least one of said strips being provided with transverse score lines to control the bending of said collar when said strips are bent about the neck of a wearer to permit the opposing ends of said collar to be fastened to one another by said cooperating fastening means.
2. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein the collar comprises three strips of board material of unequal width, the envelope providing a fold line between the centre and each of the outer strips.
3. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the outer strips are covered by cushioning material.
4. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the sum of the widths of the two outer strips is less than the width of the centre strip.
5. A neck supporting collar according to claim 2, wherein the envelope is of plastics material and each fold line is provided by a weld line joining facing surfaces of the envelope to seal each strip in its own compartment of the envelope.
6. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein one of the strips is provided with transverse score lines adjacent an end to control the bending of the collar.
7. A neck supporting collar according to claim 1, wherein at least one transverse score line is provided at the mid-length of said strip to provide a pointed bend in the strip at the midlength.
US3916884A 1973-09-25 1974-08-27 Supporting collar Expired - Lifetime US3916884A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB4484873A GB1468813A (en) 1973-09-25 1973-09-25 Neck supporting collar

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3916884A true US3916884A (en) 1975-11-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3916884A Expired - Lifetime US3916884A (en) 1973-09-25 1974-08-27 Supporting collar

Country Status (10)

Country Link
US (1) US3916884A (en)
JP (1) JPS5643738B2 (en)
BE (1) BE819406A (en)
CA (1) CA1025742A (en)
DE (1) DE2443983A1 (en)
DK (1) DK136175C (en)
FR (1) FR2244447B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1468813A (en)
LU (1) LU70974A1 (en)
NL (1) NL7411851A (en)

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4819622A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-04-11 Taylor Natalee E Orthopedic cervical support collar and method of making the same
US5060637A (en) * 1988-01-12 1991-10-29 Ferno-Washington, Inc. Disposable cervical collar
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5785670A (en) * 1997-09-03 1998-07-28 Hiebert; Eugene Lloyd Adjustable cervical collar
US5788658A (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-08-04 Islava; Steven T. Field adjustable extrication collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US5904662A (en) * 1995-04-10 1999-05-18 Myoga; Maki Cervical collar
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6056711A (en) * 1997-06-26 2000-05-02 Beiersdorf, Inc. Adjustable cervical collar
USRE36745E (en) * 1994-09-29 2000-06-20 Ambu Inc. Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US20040225241A1 (en) * 2003-02-03 2004-11-11 Samuel Scheinberg Orthopedic splints
US20090299242A1 (en) * 2006-07-07 2009-12-03 Teiichi Hasegawa Folding cervical vertebra protective band
CN103083129A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-05-08 吴亚军 Cervical vertebra appliance
CN103110468A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-05-22 吴亚军 Improved structure of cervical vertebra correcting device
CN103142339A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-06-12 吴亚军 Inflatable cervical vertebra corrector
US8657768B1 (en) 2010-07-22 2014-02-25 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar having flexible chin support
US20140296758A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Flavio LIMONTINI Conformable cervical collar
US8932243B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-01-13 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
CN103658444B (en) * 2012-11-08 2015-08-26 厦门展科电子科技有限公司 Folded neck cover processing equipment
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
USD790072S1 (en) 2015-12-15 2017-06-20 Eugene Lloyd Hiebert Cervical collar
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5983746U (en) * 1982-11-29 1984-06-06
US4562833A (en) * 1983-12-19 1986-01-07 Pujals Jr Charles Device for cervical/occipital support
WO1987001028A1 (en) * 1985-08-23 1987-02-26 Gerrit Jan Benckhuijsen Minerva jacket
GB2182851B (en) * 1985-11-15 1989-11-01 John William Roberts Neck support
DE3733389A1 (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-04-13 Hoelter Heinz Protective flap for laryngectomised patients
DE9310869U1 (en) * 1993-07-21 1993-09-30 Benckendorff Petra Zervikalstütze
DE102009056710A1 (en) * 2009-11-25 2011-05-26 Bauerfeind Ag Stabilizing brace for orthotics
JP2012205790A (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-25 Taketora:Kk Cervical collar

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874468A (en) * 1957-02-14 1959-02-24 Woskin Irvin S De Orthodontic device
US2957475A (en) * 1958-06-24 1960-10-25 Drake Frances Bandage with removable splints
US2980110A (en) * 1955-02-28 1961-04-18 Richard S Brumfield Surgical splint and bandage
US3496934A (en) * 1967-12-04 1970-02-24 Chester S Anderson Disposable immobilizing splint
US3504667A (en) * 1966-11-14 1970-04-07 Archie J Mcfarlane Head brace
US3512523A (en) * 1967-02-27 1970-05-19 Harry E Barnett Cervical collar with means for varying the height and shape thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2980110A (en) * 1955-02-28 1961-04-18 Richard S Brumfield Surgical splint and bandage
US2874468A (en) * 1957-02-14 1959-02-24 Woskin Irvin S De Orthodontic device
US2957475A (en) * 1958-06-24 1960-10-25 Drake Frances Bandage with removable splints
US3504667A (en) * 1966-11-14 1970-04-07 Archie J Mcfarlane Head brace
US3512523A (en) * 1967-02-27 1970-05-19 Harry E Barnett Cervical collar with means for varying the height and shape thereof
US3496934A (en) * 1967-12-04 1970-02-24 Chester S Anderson Disposable immobilizing splint

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4819622A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-04-11 Taylor Natalee E Orthopedic cervical support collar and method of making the same
US5060637A (en) * 1988-01-12 1991-10-29 Ferno-Washington, Inc. Disposable cervical collar
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5728054A (en) * 1993-05-20 1998-03-17 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6245033B1 (en) 1993-05-20 2001-06-12 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
USRE36745E (en) * 1994-09-29 2000-06-20 Ambu Inc. Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
US5904662A (en) * 1995-04-10 1999-05-18 Myoga; Maki Cervical collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US5788658A (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-08-04 Islava; Steven T. Field adjustable extrication collar
US6056711A (en) * 1997-06-26 2000-05-02 Beiersdorf, Inc. Adjustable cervical collar
US5785670A (en) * 1997-09-03 1998-07-28 Hiebert; Eugene Lloyd Adjustable cervical collar
US7329229B2 (en) 2003-02-03 2008-02-12 The Seaberg Company, Inc. Orthopedic splints
US20040225241A1 (en) * 2003-02-03 2004-11-11 Samuel Scheinberg Orthopedic splints
US6991612B2 (en) * 2003-02-03 2006-01-31 The Seaberg Company, Inc. Orthopedic splints
US20060129075A1 (en) * 2003-02-03 2006-06-15 The Seaberg Company, Inc. Orthopedic splints
WO2006009697A3 (en) * 2004-06-16 2007-12-06 Adrian A Polliack Orthopedic splints
WO2006009697A2 (en) * 2004-06-16 2006-01-26 The Seaberg Company, Inc. Orthopedic splints
US8142380B2 (en) 2006-07-07 2012-03-27 Hasegawa Corporation Folding cervical vertebra protective band
US20090299242A1 (en) * 2006-07-07 2009-12-03 Teiichi Hasegawa Folding cervical vertebra protective band
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US8657768B1 (en) 2010-07-22 2014-02-25 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar having flexible chin support
US8932243B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-01-13 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
CN103142339A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-06-12 吴亚军 Inflatable cervical vertebra corrector
CN103110468A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-05-22 吴亚军 Improved structure of cervical vertebra correcting device
CN103083129A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-05-08 吴亚军 Cervical vertebra appliance
CN103658444B (en) * 2012-11-08 2015-08-26 厦门展科电子科技有限公司 Folded neck cover processing equipment
US9668905B2 (en) * 2013-03-26 2017-06-06 Flavio LIMONTINI Conformable cervical collar
US20140296758A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Flavio LIMONTINI Conformable cervical collar
USD790072S1 (en) 2015-12-15 2017-06-20 Eugene Lloyd Hiebert Cervical collar

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP1102149C (en) grant
GB1468813A (en) 1977-03-30 application
BE819406A1 (en) grant
BE819406A (en) 1974-12-16 grant
JPS5643738B2 (en) 1981-10-14 grant
DE2443983A1 (en) 1975-04-03 application
FR2244447A1 (en) 1975-04-18 application
CA1025742A1 (en) grant
DK136175B (en) 1977-08-29 grant
JPS5063787A (en) 1975-05-30 application
DK136175C (en) 1978-02-06 grant
DK500274A (en) 1975-05-12 application
FR2244447B1 (en) 1978-03-24 grant
LU70974A1 (en) 1975-03-06 application
NL7411851A (en) 1975-03-27 application
CA1025742A (en) 1978-02-07 grant

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