US3916667A - Forging machines - Google Patents

Forging machines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3916667A
US3916667A US44076574A US3916667A US 3916667 A US3916667 A US 3916667A US 44076574 A US44076574 A US 44076574A US 3916667 A US3916667 A US 3916667A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pressure
forging
valves
working
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Hans Joachim Paknke
Rudolf Guse
Original Assignee
Hans Joachim Paknke
Rudolf Guse
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19732306566 priority Critical patent/DE2306566C2/de
Application filed by Hans Joachim Paknke, Rudolf Guse filed Critical Hans Joachim Paknke
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3916667A publication Critical patent/US3916667A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J7/00Hammers; Forging machines with hammers or die jaws acting by impact
    • B21J7/02Special design or construction
    • B21J7/14Forging machines working with several hammers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J7/00Hammers; Forging machines with hammers or die jaws acting by impact
    • B21J7/20Drives for hammers; Transmission means therefor
    • B21J7/22Drives for hammers; Transmission means therefor for power hammers
    • B21J7/28Drives for hammers; Transmission means therefor for power hammers operated by hydraulic or liquid pressure

Abstract

A forging machine having pairs of opposed hydraulically driven forging tools for forging rod-shaped workpieces. Valve control means is provided whereby predetermined valves are opened and closed in dependence upon the operating cycle of a pumping arrangement for producing the hydraulic working pressure to be supplied to each working cylinder. When the valves are opened the working pressure is dissipated to a fluid reservoir and the pair of opposed working cylinders associated with these valves is inactivated. The arrangement enables pairs of opposed forging tools to be brought into operation alternately.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Paknke et a1. Nov. 4, 1975 [54] FORGING MACHINES 3,681,966 8/1972 Kralowetz 72/402 [76] Inventors: Hans Joachim Paknke, Lantzallee FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 27, 4 Duesseldorf; Rudolf 1,004,895 3/1957 Germany .1 72/402 Portwelnrnannweg 8, 403 Ratmgen, both of Germany Primary ExaminerC. W. Lanham 22 FiledI 8, 1974 Assistant Examiner-Gene P. Crosby Attorney, Agent, or Firm-John J. Dennemeyer [21] Appl. No.: 440,765
[57] ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Application Priority Data A for in machine havin airs of o osed hydraulig g g P PP Feb. 10, 1973 Germany 2306566 Cally driven forging tools for forging rod-Shaped Workpieces. Valve control means is provided whereby pre- 52 U.S. (:1. 72/402; 72/403; 72/441; determined valves are opened and closed in depen- 72/453 dence upon the operating cycle of a pumping arrange- [51] Int. Cl. B21J 9/12 merit for producing e hydraulic wo ng pressure to 58 Field of Search 72/453, 402, 403, 442, be pp to each Working cylinder When the valves 72/441 are opened the working pressure is dissipated to a fluid reservoir and the pair of opposed working cylin- [56] References Cit d ders associated with these valves is inactivated. The UNITED STATES PATENTS arrangement enables pairs of opposed forging tools to 3,451,249 6/1969 Sharon 72/402 be brought mto opmuon alternately 3,645,126 2/1972 Kralowetz 72/402 1 Claim, 1 Drawing Figure FORGING MACHINES The invention relates to forging machines with a plurality of working cylinders associated with forging tools or saddles for surrounding a rod-shaped workpiece and reducing the workpiece cross section by lateral pressure. The pistons of the working cylinders are subjected to the action of a substantially constant retraction force and are each connected to a pressure cylinder, the pistons of said pressure cylinders being mechanically connected to a drive mechanism for periodically advancing and retracting them. The valves connected to the connecting pipes extending between the working cylinders and the pressure cylinders are controllable by the drive mechanism. i
In accordance with a previous proposal of the applicants as described in German published patent application (Auslegeschrift) no. 1.917.511 the valves are controlled in unison by the drive mechanism in such a way that the normally closed valves are simultaneously opened at a corresponding position of the drive mechanism so that communication is established between the working cylinders of the forging saddles and the fluid reservoir. In this way an unpressurized pressure medium circulation is obtained so that the operation of all the working pistons of the forging saddles can be simultaneously and intentionally interrupted at any time.
It has now been shown that such a forging machine does not completely satisfy all the requirements that occur in practice. Thus, a number of forging operations do not require all the forging saddles to be used simultaneously but rather successively in pairs. It is therefore desirable for a pressing operation to be carried out using successive pairs of opposed tools in order that the material can spread freely during the pressing operation. In such forging operations it is also often desirable to have a possibility for altering the stroke of the working cylinder as well as the number of strokes per unit time.
An object of the invention is the provision of a drive with hydraulic synchronizing control for a forging machine of the kind mentioned above which permits the individual working pistons of the forging saddles to be driven in accordance with the predetermined requirements.
This object is achieved according to the invention in that the valves are controllable independently of each other for movement into an open position connecting the working cylinder with a fluid reservoir via the connecting pipes. It is of importance for the invention that the valves can be brought individually, i.e., independently of each other, into their open positions in which there is uninterrupted communication between the reof opposed pairs of sides of the workpiece.
German Auslegesschrift No. 1,004,895 discloses a machine in which individually controllable valves are provided in the connecting lines between the pressure cylinders and the working cylinders of the forging saddles. However, this machine is not a forging machine in the sense of the present application but a machine for free forging of vessels, thick-walled pipes or similar heavy hollow bodies. In addition to a drive mechanism consisting of two multi-stage cylinder and piston units for the actual drive of the working pistons of the forging saddles, this machine requires a second drive mechanism for mechanical synchronization serving for accurately adjusting the postion of the forging saddles at start-up and compensating for possible leakage losses. Connected to this second drive is a compensating apparatus having a plurality of plungers displaceable in cylinders and connected by connecting lines to the first drive mechanism and to the working cylinders. In these connecting lines are disposed non-return valves and, in a pipe leading to the fluid reservoir, a corresponding number of inlet valves. By virtue of the presence of the non-return valves and the arrangement of the inlet valves in the discharge line to the fluid reservoir the known valves, even when under individual control, are not suited to establishment of a direct connection between the individual working cylinders and the fluid reservoir. Thus, it is impossible with the known apparatus to bring individual forging saddles into operation selectively and successively.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, predetermined valves are opened in dependence upon the position of the drive mechanism. Such a drive construction makes it an easy matter to readjust the valves according to the operational requirements of the moment so that these are opened in the predetermined selective manner when the drive mechanism reaches the predetermined position and establish a direct connection with the fluid reservoir in these connecting pipes whereby the working cylinder connected to the respective fluid reservoir remains unpressurized in spite of the fact that the drive mechanism continues to rotate and thus the pistons displaceable in the pressure cylinder continue to carry out a pumping action.
Preferably, the selected valves reach their open position when the drive mechanism is in a dead center position, preferably in the rearward dead center position. In this position of the drive mechanism, the working pistons and the pistons of the pressure cylinders are also in their rearward positions. In this way it is avoided that the working pistons become unsynchronized and are accelerated too forcibly on to the working cylinder by virtue of the retracting force acting on their retracting surfaces. A suitable position dependent opening signal for the rotary apparatus may be furnished by limit switches arranged in the dead center positions of the drive mechanism and connected, e.g., electrically, with the valves.
Apart from the selection of certain forging saddles to operate at particular moments in time, it is also desirable in certain forging operations to alter the length of stroke of the working pistons. This can be easily accomplished by switching valves separating each pressure cylinder from its associated working cylinder and connecting it with a pressure reservoir. If each pressure cylinder consists of stepped cylinder portions and has a correspondingly stepped piston and a by-pass pipe having the switching valve leads into the cylinder sec- ,tion, a simple switching of the switching valve will result in delivery of the volume of fluid throttled by the cylinder section receiving the by-pass pipe to the pressure reservoir so that this amount of pressure medium cannot become effective in the working cylinders. In this way the reduced amount of fluid exhausted only from the other section of the pressure cylinder will effeet a correspondingly smaller stroke of the working cylinder. lf, finally, a corresponding increase in the number of revolutions of the drive mechanism or a change in the transmission ratio of the associated gearing is effected, a forging machine according to the invention can be brought into operation with predetermined forging saddles, an easily variable stroke of the working pistons and a rapidly adjustable number of strokes per unit time, so that for all the requirements occuring in forging of longitudinally extended workpieces in each case the best possible adaptation of the forging machine to the working conditions can be effected.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the drawing and has four forging saddles 1, 2, 3 and 4 of which adjacent saddles are disposed at 90 to each other and which are arranged about a workpiece 5 to be formed.
The forging saddles 1, 2, 3 and 4 are directly connected to working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 displaceably accommodated in hydraulic working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9. The working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 are double-acting so that they each have a retraction side and a pressure side 16. When the retraction sides 15 of the working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 are pressurized the working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 can be returned into their respective starting positions after each forging stroke. For pressurization, the retraction sides 15 of the working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 are connected by supply lines 17 to a pressure reservoir 18 by which a constant pressure is maintained on the retraction sides in the hydraulic circuit.
In order to pressurize the pressure sides 16 of the working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 these are connected by connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23 with respective pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27. In the illustrated embodiment the cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 have cylinder sections of different diameters 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, in which corresponding stepped pistons are guided with a front piston portion 37, 38, 39 or 41 adapted to the smaller diameter cylinder portion 28, 31, 33 or 35 and also a rear wider diameter piston portion 42, 43, 44 or 45. Engaging the piston rods of the displaceably mounted pistons 37 45 is a yoke 46 which is connected via a connecting rod 47 to a drive mechanism. In the illustrated forging machine this comprises a single throw crank drive 48 which is driven via a gear 49 by a motor 51.
In place of the four stepped pistons with the different diameter cylinder portions 28, 31, 33, 35, 42, 43, 44 or 45 there could equally well be provided eight cylinders with simple plunger pistons (this possibility not being illustrated).
At the level of the front and rear dead center positions of the crank drive 48 and at the side of the yoke 46 are limit switches 52, 53. Since the valves may only be closed or opened at the rear reversal point the limit switch 53 should be sufficient. Since, however, it is a requirement that the valve must open from the rear reversal point and must be closed at the rear reversal point, two opposed signals are required shortly before the rear reversal point. This function is assumed by the limit switch 52. Because of the high switching frequency and the accurate determination of the reversal point, the limit switchs 52, 53 are preferably contactless limit switches each of which transmits a signal when the drive mechanism is positioned at the front and at the rear reversal point. In order to control the opening and closing of the valves 54, 55, 56 and 57 these signals (shown in dotted line) are amplified and arrive directly at the solenoids 58, 59, 61 and 62 of the valves 54, 55, 56 and 57 which lie in the control pipes 63, 64, 65 or 66 branching in the form of discharge pipes from the connecting pipes 19, 21, 22 and 23 in the vicinity of the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 and connected via the valves 54, 55, 56 and 57 and a respective discharge line 67, 68, 69 or 71 with a fluid reservoir 72.
A by-pass line 73, 74, 75 or 76 is connected to the rearward, larger diameter cylinder portions 29, 32, 34 and 36 and accommodates a reversing or switching valve 77, 78, 79 or 81. As illustrated in the drawing, these switching valves can be so adjusted that a connection is established between each by-pass line and the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23; howeverfthey can also be so adjusted that the by-pass lines 73, 74, 75 and 76 are connected with a common supply line 82 of a pressure reservoir 83.
In use of the forging machine the yoke 46 and thereby the pistons in the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 are moved uniformly towards the left by the crank drive 48 and the connecting rod 47. Since the valves 54, 55, 56 and 57 are normally closed, the fluid exhausted from the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 is passed via connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23 into the associated working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9. By this means the pressurized working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 move the forging saddles 1, 2, 3 and 4 inwards so that the workpiece 5 which is pushed through the machine by manipulators (not shown) in stepwise fashion perpendicular to the plane of the drawing is reduced in cross section on all sides.
After the forging stroke, the crank drive 48 starts its retracting stroke so that the pistons in the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 are also retracted towards the right. In this way the fluid pressure in the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 and in the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23 is reduced so that the working pistons 1 1, 12, 13 and 14 are returned by the pressure of the pressure reservoir 18. The uniform loading of all working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 only takes place if the valves 54, 55, 56, 57 in the control lines 63, 64, 65 and 66 are closed. If the valves 54, 55, 56 and 57 are open then in spite of continued operation of the crank drive and consequential pumping action in the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 no pressure can build up in the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23 and thus no drive of the working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 of the working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 can be achieved since the pressure sides 16 of the working cylinders are in direct communication with the liquid reservoir 72 via the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23 and the open valves 54, 55, 56 and'57. In this case the pressure medium being transported oscillates between the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 and the liquid reservoir 72.
If particular forging purposes require the simultaneous operation of only two opposed forging saddles while the other two opposed forging saddles are stationary, it is possible by means of a suitable known construction of the valve control with the assistance of the limit switches 52, 53 to periodically open and close the valves 54 and 57 or 56 in such a way that the forging saddles 1,3 and 2,4 are alternately subject to pressure. One way in which this may be accomplished is that the valves 54 and 57 are closed on the first travel of the yoke 46 through the dead centre point so that only the working pistons 11 and 13 of the working cylinders 6 and 8 execute a working stroke and the two other opposed working pistons remain stationary. On the next revolution of the crank drive 48 the valves 54 and 57 are then opened again and the valves 55 and 56 are therefore closed so that the pistons 12 and 14 of the other working cylinders 7 and 9 now execute a working stroke. This mode of operation according to the invention can be repeated if desired and in certain circumstances it can be varied to such an extent that only one working cylinder is brought into operation.
If, apart from a predetermined operational succession of the forging saddles, the stroke of the working pistons 11, 12, 13 and 14 is also to be varied, this can occur with the aid of the switching valves 77, 78, 79 and 81. Whereas normally, i.e., when the by-pass pipes 73, 74, 75 and 76 are connected to the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23, the fluid quantity exhausted from the rear as well as the front cylinder sections of the pressure cylinders 24, 25, 26 and 27 flows to the pressure side 16 of the individual working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9, when the reversing valves 77, 78, 79 and 81 are appropriately reversed, i.e., on connection of the by-pass lines 73, 74, 75 and 76 with the supply line 82 of the pressure reservoir 83, the quantity of fluid leaving the rearward cylinder portions 29, 32, 34 and 36 is led via the by-pass lines 73, 74, 75 and 76 and the supply line 82 into the pressure reservoir 83 so that only the volume of pressure medium from the front cylinder portions 28, 31, 33 and 35 is effective in the working cylinders 6, 7, 8 and 9 via the connecting lines 19, 21, 22 and 23, thereby producing a reduced length of stroke of the working cylinders ll, l2, l3 and 14. Finally, in addition to such a control of the length of stroke, the number of revolutions of the crank drive 48 can be varied by an increase in the number of revolutions of the motor or switching of the gear 49 so that the forging machine can be operated with a high number of strokes with a reduced working stroke as is necessary, for example, for finishing operations.
The selection of the valves or pairs of valves which are to be open for inactivating working cylinders 6 9 in dependence upon the working cycle of the drive mechanism 48 can be pre-programmed in a control device 85 into which pass the signals of the limit switches 53, 52 and the output of which is the control signals to the solenoids 58, 59 61, 62 of the valves.
We claim:
l. A forging machine comprising a plurality of double-acting piston and cylinder ram units arranged for multidirectional lateral forging of an elongate workpiece disposed therebetween, a plurality of fluid pressure transmitting piston and cylinder unit being connected by a connection line to a corresponding double acting piston and cylinder ram unit, a drive mechanism mechanically connected to the pistons of said fluid pressure transmittingpiston and cylinder units for reciprocation of said pistons in unison, the improvement consisting in that a. each piston of the fluid pressure transmitting piston and cylinder units is a two-stage piston cooperating with two pressure chambers,
b. each connection line is directly connected to one of the two pressure chambers and by a branch line to the other pressure chamber of the associated two-stage piston whereby a pressure chamber pair is arranged in parallel to the associated ram unit, and
c. a switching valve is disposed in each branch line to inactivate said other pressure chamber of each pair of pressure chambers by connecting said branch line to a pressure reservoir.

Claims (1)

1. A forging machine comprising a plurality of double-acting piston and cylinder ram units arranged for multidirectional lateral forging of an elongate workpiece disposed therebetween, a plurality of fluid pressure transmitting piston and cylinder unit being connected by a connection line to a corresponding double acting piston and cylinder ram unit, a drive mechanism mechanically connected to the pistons of said fluid pressure transmitting piston and cylinder units for reciprocation of said pistons in unison, the improvement consisting in that a. each piston of the fluid pressure transmitting piston and cylinder units is a two-stage piston cooperating with two pressure chambers, b. each connection line is directly connected to one of the two pressure chambers and by a branch line to the other pressure chamber of the associated two-stage piston whereby a pressure chamber pair is arranged in parallel to the associated ram unit, and c. a switching valve is disposed in each branch line to inactivate said other pressure chamber of each pair of pressure chambers by connecting said branch line to a pressure reservoir.
US44076574 1973-02-10 1974-02-08 Forging machines Expired - Lifetime US3916667A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19732306566 DE2306566C2 (en) 1973-02-10 1973-02-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3916667A true US3916667A (en) 1975-11-04

Family

ID=5871491

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US44076574 Expired - Lifetime US3916667A (en) 1973-02-10 1974-02-08 Forging machines

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3916667A (en)
AT (1) AT331093B (en)
BE (1) BE810687A (en)
DE (1) DE2306566C2 (en)
GB (1) GB1416843A (en)
IT (1) IT1006283B (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4345453A (en) * 1979-04-17 1982-08-24 Jorma Lillbacka Hydraulic press
US4674171A (en) * 1984-04-20 1987-06-23 Lor, Inc. Heavy wall drill pipe and method of manufacture of heavy wall drill pipe
US4745793A (en) * 1986-03-08 1988-05-24 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co. Kg Hydraulically driven forging machine
US4771811A (en) * 1984-04-20 1988-09-20 Lor, Inc. Heavy wall drill pipe and method of manufacture of heavy wall drill pipe
US4831864A (en) * 1986-01-02 1989-05-23 Sms Hasenclever Machinenfabrik Gmbh Forging machine
FR2626793A1 (en) * 1988-02-06 1989-08-11 Eumuco Ag Fuer Maschinenbau MACHINE FOR FORMS WITH MULTIPLE DIVERS
US5411521A (en) * 1992-03-04 1995-05-02 American Cyanamid Company Medical suturing device, a single-strike die mechanism, and a method of using said die mechanism for forming the medical suturing device
US5447050A (en) * 1992-09-30 1995-09-05 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co., Kg Forming machine
US5732588A (en) * 1994-12-24 1998-03-31 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co. K.G. Double press
US5862701A (en) * 1993-12-16 1999-01-26 A.E. Bishop & Associates Pty. Limited Apparatus for manufacturing steering rack bars
US6401516B1 (en) * 1997-10-15 2002-06-11 Sms Eumuco Gmbh Hydraulic drive system for forging press or forging machine slides
CN102125976A (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-07-20 辽阳石化机械设计制造有限公司 Oil supply device for four-hammer hydraulic precision forging machine
CN104841831A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-19 燕山大学 Hydraulic multi-directional forging device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3451249A (en) * 1966-10-10 1969-06-24 Wilfred J Sharon Forming machine
US3645126A (en) * 1969-06-27 1972-02-29 Gfm Gesellechaft Fur Fertigung Swaging machine
US3681966A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-08-08 Gfm Fertigungstechnik Forging machine

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1004895B (en) * 1952-01-23 1957-03-21 Dr Theodor Wuppermann Device for open-die forging boilers, thick-walled pipes or ae. heavy hollow bodies
DE1917511C3 (en) * 1969-04-05 1974-01-31 Maschinenfabrik Sack Gmbh, 4000 Duesseldorf

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3451249A (en) * 1966-10-10 1969-06-24 Wilfred J Sharon Forming machine
US3645126A (en) * 1969-06-27 1972-02-29 Gfm Gesellechaft Fur Fertigung Swaging machine
US3681966A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-08-08 Gfm Fertigungstechnik Forging machine

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4345453A (en) * 1979-04-17 1982-08-24 Jorma Lillbacka Hydraulic press
US4674171A (en) * 1984-04-20 1987-06-23 Lor, Inc. Heavy wall drill pipe and method of manufacture of heavy wall drill pipe
US4771811A (en) * 1984-04-20 1988-09-20 Lor, Inc. Heavy wall drill pipe and method of manufacture of heavy wall drill pipe
US4831864A (en) * 1986-01-02 1989-05-23 Sms Hasenclever Machinenfabrik Gmbh Forging machine
US4745793A (en) * 1986-03-08 1988-05-24 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co. Kg Hydraulically driven forging machine
FR2626793A1 (en) * 1988-02-06 1989-08-11 Eumuco Ag Fuer Maschinenbau MACHINE FOR FORMS WITH MULTIPLE DIVERS
US4941342A (en) * 1988-02-06 1990-07-17 Eumuco Aktiengesellschaft Fur Maschinenbau Multi-ram forging assembly
US5411521A (en) * 1992-03-04 1995-05-02 American Cyanamid Company Medical suturing device, a single-strike die mechanism, and a method of using said die mechanism for forming the medical suturing device
US5447050A (en) * 1992-09-30 1995-09-05 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co., Kg Forming machine
US5862701A (en) * 1993-12-16 1999-01-26 A.E. Bishop & Associates Pty. Limited Apparatus for manufacturing steering rack bars
US5732588A (en) * 1994-12-24 1998-03-31 Pahnke Engineering Gmbh & Co. K.G. Double press
US6401516B1 (en) * 1997-10-15 2002-06-11 Sms Eumuco Gmbh Hydraulic drive system for forging press or forging machine slides
CN102125976A (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-07-20 辽阳石化机械设计制造有限公司 Oil supply device for four-hammer hydraulic precision forging machine
CN104841831A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-19 燕山大学 Hydraulic multi-directional forging device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE810687A (en) 1974-05-29
BE810687A1 (en)
ATA77374A (en) 1975-10-15
DE2306566A1 (en) 1974-08-15
IT1006283B (en) 1976-09-30
GB1416843A (en) 1975-12-10
AT331093B (en) 1976-08-10
DE2306566C2 (en) 1983-11-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3916667A (en) Forging machines
US2803110A (en) Hydraulic power drive for reciprocating members
US3645126A (en) Swaging machine
GB2090787A (en) Hydraulically operated die closing unit of inspection molding machine
US2565639A (en) Platen leveling multiple ram press
US5975858A (en) Hydraulic drive unit of a press machine and swash plate type variable capacity axial piston pump to use for said device
US3681966A (en) Forging machine
US3257810A (en) Hydraulic drive system for press brakes
EP1384901A1 (en) Control method for building up pressure by means of pressure intensifiers, especially for testing the compression strength of tubes
US4941342A (en) Multi-ram forging assembly
US3429174A (en) Presses
US1811138A (en) Apparatus for pressure testing
US3830139A (en) Pneumatic actuator
US3339397A (en) Forging machine
US2587571A (en) Hydraulic press fluid supply with pressure intensifier
US5732588A (en) Double press
US3720484A (en) Hydraulic pressure transformer
US4558809A (en) Gripper feed system for blanking presses or the like
US3430540A (en) Valve control for reciprocating piston drive with rapidly starting piston stroke
US4004420A (en) Hydropneumatic pumping arrangement
GB2051635A (en) Hydraulic multi-cylinder press
US3301196A (en) Piston machine
US4291565A (en) Wire drawing device
RU2258609C2 (en) Hydraulic press
US3839896A (en) Hydraulic bending press