US3913551A - Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture - Google Patents

Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3913551A
US3913551A US43090574A US3913551A US 3913551 A US3913551 A US 3913551A US 43090574 A US43090574 A US 43090574A US 3913551 A US3913551 A US 3913551A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
oil
pressure
mixture
feed channel
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Douglas W Shaver
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Original Assignee
Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lee Raymond Organization Inc filed Critical Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Priority to US43090574 priority Critical patent/US3913551A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3913551A publication Critical patent/US3913551A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M3/00Lubrication specially adapted for engines with crankcase compression of fuel-air mixture or for other engines in which lubricant is contained in fuel, combustion air, or fuel-air mixture
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M1/00Pressure lubrication
    • F01M1/18Indicating or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/02Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke
    • F02B2075/022Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle
    • F02B2075/025Engines characterised by their cycles, e.g. six-stroke having less than six strokes per cycle two

Abstract

A device for protecting an internal combustion engine operating on a gasolene-oil mixture as fuel by cutting off supply of fuel to the engine when the mixture contains no oil, thus stopping the engine before any damage occurs. Oil is fed through a first channel to a mixing chamber. The gas is fed through a second channel to the chamber. The mixture is fed through a third channel from the chamber to the carburetor of the engine. When the flow of oil in the first channel fails, the reduced pressure actuates a piston to block the flow of the mixture through the third channel, thus stopping the engine. When the oil component disappears in the chamber, the pressure increases in the chamber and this increase actuates the same piston to again block mixture flow.

Description

United States Patent Shaver 1 Oct. 21, 1975 [54] PROTECTION DEVICE FOR ENGINE 3,666,245 5 1972 Edwardson 123 196 R x OPERATING ON GAS ()[L MIXTURE 3,707,955 1/1973 Ulbing 123/119 R X [75] Inventor: Douglas W. Shaver, Brantford, Primary Examiner chaflfis J Myhre Canada Asszstant Examiner-Ira S. Lazarus [73] Assignee: Raymond Lee Organization, Inc., a
part interest 57 ABSTRACT Flledl J 1974 A device for protecting an internal combustion engine [21] APPL No; 430,905 operating on a gasolene-oil mixture as fuel by cutting off supply of fuel to the engine when the mixture con tains no oil, thus stopping the engine before any damh 123/198 123/73 AD; 123/119 R age occurs. Oil is fed through a first channel to a mix- Ilrt. Cl. chamber The gas is fed through a econd channel Field of Search-W 123/193 73 196 1 to the chamber. The mixture is fed through a third 1 123/119 1 127; 137/111 channel from the chamber to the carburetor of the engine. When the flow of oil in the first channel fails, the References Cited reduced pressure actuates a piston to block the flow of UNITED STATES PATENTS the mixture through the third channel, thus stopping 2,397,457 3/1946 Krenzke 123/73 AD the enginewhen the Oil component disappears in the 2,935,057 5/1960 Perlewitz 123/73 AD chamber, t pressure increases in the chamber and 3,140,700 7/1964 Nallinger 123/73 AD this increase actuates the same piston to again block 3,179,099 4/1965 mixture flow. 3,212,485 10/1965 Werner et a1. 123/73 AD X 3,653,784 4/1972 Leitermann et a1 123/73 AD x 3 Clams, 2 Drawmg F Igures TO HOSE FROM CRANKCASE 6 18A 18 I I 1 L .[J
1 2Q I 1 22 2 1 ./IO 1 2 I 1 l8 1 /2 2 6 5% FROM l I I I\l.\\\\ sfi) 34- 1 as I 14 26A1 I I To 1 f a FROM CARBURATOR 7 L GASOLENE ON GAS-OIL MIXTURE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Snowmobiles use internal combustion engines using a gasoline-oil mixture as fuel. Should the oil component disappear from the mixture, the engine can be damaged or destroyed because of faulty lubrication.
My invention is a device which, when installed in such a vehicle or indeed installed with any such engine, will cut off the supply of the mixture to the engine and stop the engine before any damage occurs in the event that the oil component disappears.
In this type of engine, oil is fed from a supply tank to a needle valve in a mixing chamber. Gasoline is fed to the same chamber. Mixing occurs and the mixture is fed through a channel to the carburetor. Should the valve clog and prevent oil flow, the pressure at the valve increases and this increase actuates a piston to block the channel. Should the oil tank run dry, a decrease in pressure actuates the piston to block the channel.
In either case, blockage of the channel cuts off the supply of the fuel mixture and stops the engine.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a cross sectional side view of the invention; and
FIG. 2 is a view along 2-2 in FIG. 1.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIGS. 1-2, a block 10 has spaced inlet .ports 12 and 14 which receive gasolene and oil respectively under pressure as supplied from suitable gasolene and oil tanks via suitable pumps. A pressure port 16 is connectd via a hose to the crank case of a snowmobile engine. Thus the pressure of the oil in the crank case bears upon the upper surface 18A of ,diaphram 18 via cavity 20. The lower surface 18B of the diaphram exerts pressure via cavity 22 to vertical channels 24, 26 and 28.
When pressure in the crank case is normal for operation, the pressure developed by the diaphram is exerted through channel 24 against the top end of piston 26. The piston is forced down against the tension of spring 30, as adjusted by screw 32 until circular opening 34 surrounding port 36 is aligned with channel 38.
At the same time, the same pressure exerted through channel 26 causes one way valve 40 to open. The pressure of the oil supplied at port 14 is greater than the diaphram pressure whereby one way valve 42 is opened. The oil then circulates through channels 26 and channel 28 onto needle valve 44 (as adjusted by screw 46 and spring 48 bearing against seal 50). The gas under pressure flows through channel 52 to the needle valve when oil and gas mix. The mixture flows through channel 38 and opening 34 to outlet port 54 which in turn is connected to the carburetor. The desired mixture then is fed to the snowmobile engine in conventional manner.
If the needle valve is blocked in some manner, as for example by dirt, the pressure built up closes valve 40. The increase of pressure in cavity 22 forces piston 26 further downward to seal channel 38 whereby no fuel is fed to the carburetor and the engine stops before any damage can occur thereto.
If the oil flow through port 14 ceases valve 42 closes, the decrease in pressure in cavity 22 allows the piston to move upward because of the tension of spring 30 and the bottom section 26A of piston 26 seals channel 38 and the engine stops as before.
While I have described my invention with particular reference to the drawings, such is not to be considered as limiting its actual scope.
Having thus described this invention, what is asserted as new is:
1. In combination with an internal combustion engine having an oil filled crankcase and carburetor, a device for mixing oil and gasoline together, said device cutting off the flow of the mixture to the carburetor when the mixture contains no oil to protect the engines from damage, said device comprising:
an oil feed channel for receiving oil under pressure;
a gasoline feed channel for receiving gasoline under pressure;
a mixing chamber wherein oil and gas are mixed, said chamber communicating with the oil feed channel and the gasoline feed channel;
conduit means for feeding the mixture from the chamber to the carburetor;
a crankcase feed channel receiving oil that circulates in the crankcase; and
pressure sensitive means coupled both to the crankcase feed channel and the oil feed channel and connected to the conduit means, said pressure means permitting said mixture to flow to the carburetor whenever a preselected relationship is established between the pressure of oil in the crankcase and the pressure of oil in the oil feed channel, said pressure means blocking said mixture flow whenever these pressures lack said preselected relationship.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein the pressure sensitive means comprises.
4 a pressure chamber;
a flexible diaphram dividing the pressure chamber into a first portion communicating with the crankcase feed channel and a second portion communicating with the oil feed channel; and
a piston having an opening which when aligned with the conduit means permits the mixture to flow to the carburetor and when out of alignment with the conduit means blocks the flow, said piston being vertically movable, one end of the piston being spring biased, the other end of the piston being subjected to the pressure in the second portion of the diaphram.
3. The device of claim 2 further including a first one way check valve disposed between the oil feed channel 60 and the second portion of the pressure chamber, and a second one way check valve disposed between the second portion and the mixing chamber.

Claims (3)

1. In combination with an internal combustion engine having an oil filled crankcase and carburetor, a device for mixing oil and gasoline together, said device cutting off the flow of the mixture to the carburetor when the mixture contains no oil to protect the engines from damage, said device comprising: an oil feed channel for receiving oil under pressure; a gasoline feed channel for receiving gasoline under pressure; a mixing chamber wherein oil and gas are mixed, said chamber communicating with the oil feed channel and the gasoline feed channel; conduit means for feeding the mixture from the chamber to the carburetor; a crankcase feed channel receiving oil that circulates in the crankcase; and pressure sensitive means coupled both to the crankcase feed channel and the oil feed channel and connected to the conduit means, said pressure means permitting said mixture to flow to the carburetor whenever a preselected relationship is established between the pressure of oil in the crankcase and the pressure of oil in the oil feed channel, said pressure means blocking said mixture flow whenever these pressures lack said preselected relationship.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein the pressure sensitive means comprises. a pressure chamber; a flexible diaphram dividing the pressure chamber into a first portion communicating with the crankcase feed channel and a second portion communicating with the oil feed channel; and a piston having an opening which when aligned with the conduit means permits the mixture to flow to the carburetor and when out of alignment with the conduit means blocks the flow, said piston being vertically movable, one end of the piston being spring biased, the other end of the piston being subjected to the pressure in the second portion of the diaphram.
3. The device of claim 2 further including a first one way check valve disposed between the oil feed channel and the second portion of the pressure chamber, and a second one way check valve disposed between the second portion and the mixing chamber.
US43090574 1974-01-04 1974-01-04 Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture Expired - Lifetime US3913551A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US43090574 US3913551A (en) 1974-01-04 1974-01-04 Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US43090574 US3913551A (en) 1974-01-04 1974-01-04 Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3913551A true US3913551A (en) 1975-10-21

Family

ID=23709576

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US43090574 Expired - Lifetime US3913551A (en) 1974-01-04 1974-01-04 Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3913551A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4100910A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-07-18 Jetco, Inc. Pressure ratio valve
US4142486A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-03-06 Schreier Joseph S Fuel-oil mixing apparatus for internal-combustion engines
FR2514410A1 (en) * 1981-10-08 1983-04-15 Outboard Marine Corp MECHANICAL DEVICE ACTUATED BY THE PRESSURE OF A FUEL AND FOR DELIVERING A FUEL / OIL MIXTURE
DE3237212A1 (en) * 1981-10-08 1983-04-28 Outboard Marine Corp Combined fuel and oil pump
FR2515256A1 (en) * 1981-10-23 1983-04-29 Outboard Marine Corp COMBINED FUEL PUMP AND PRESSURE OIL
DE3239578A1 (en) * 1981-11-23 1983-05-26 Outboard Marine Corp SHIP DRIVE DEVICE AND DEVICE FOR PUMPING OIL AND SUPPLYING A FUEL / OIL MIXTURE
US4473340A (en) * 1981-10-08 1984-09-25 Outboard Marine Corporation Combined fluid pressure actuated fuel and oil pump
US4520772A (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-06-04 Walbro Corporation Fuel shut-off valve for internal combustion engines
US4539949A (en) * 1981-10-08 1985-09-10 Outboard Marine Corporation Combined fluid pressure actuated fuel and oil pump
US4552101A (en) * 1983-02-07 1985-11-12 Outboard Marine Corporation Fluid pressure actuated motor with pneumatically-coupled pistons
US4583500A (en) * 1985-01-25 1986-04-22 Brunswick Corp. Marine propulsion system with automatic oil-fuel mixing
US4594970A (en) * 1985-02-11 1986-06-17 Outboard Marine Corporation Marine installation including fuel/oil mixing device
FR2585775A1 (en) * 1985-07-31 1987-02-06 Outboard Marine Corp FUEL PUMP / OIL, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COMPRISING SUCH A PUMP AND DEVICE WITH SWITCH SENSITIVE TO OIL PRESSURE AND USEABLE IN SUCH A PUMP AND SUCH A MOTOR
US4807573A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-02-28 Andreas Stihl Fuel injection arrangement for a two-stroke engine
US4813391A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-03-21 Andreas Stihl Arrangement for injecting fuel for a two-stroke engine
US4846119A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-07-11 Andreas Stihl Fuel injection pump for a two-stroke engine
US4846118A (en) * 1988-06-14 1989-07-11 Brunswick Corporation Duel fuel pump and oil-fuel mixing valve system
US4966105A (en) * 1983-12-05 1990-10-30 Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Lubricating oil supply device for internal combustion engine
US5315968A (en) * 1993-03-29 1994-05-31 Orbital Walbro Corporation Two-stage fuel delivery system for an internal combustion engine
US6085702A (en) * 1997-03-21 2000-07-11 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Lubrication system for an engine having a floatless carburetor
US6886508B1 (en) * 2001-08-15 2005-05-03 William D. Luffy Dual shut-off valve for two-cycle engines
US8240292B1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2012-08-14 Walbro Engine Management, L.L.C. Evaporative emissions controls in a fuel system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2397457A (en) * 1943-01-04 1946-03-26 Jacobsen Mfg Co Motor fuel power induction device
US2935057A (en) * 1958-06-04 1960-05-03 Tecumseh Products Co Pressurized proportional mixing device
US3140700A (en) * 1960-04-29 1964-07-14 Auto Union Gmbh Process and apparatus for lubricating internal combustion engines
US3179099A (en) * 1961-11-10 1965-04-20 Auto Union Gmbh Internal-combustion engine with gasoline/oil-mixture control
US3212485A (en) * 1960-12-01 1965-10-19 Auto Union Gmbh Method and apparatus for operating internal combustion engines
US3653784A (en) * 1969-06-18 1972-04-04 Audi Ag Proportionating feed pump
US3666245A (en) * 1967-02-14 1972-05-30 Dentatus Ab Device for mixing a gas current under pressure with an atomized mist of liquid fluid, such as lubricating oil
US3707955A (en) * 1971-06-01 1973-01-02 Borg Warner Engine apparatus

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2397457A (en) * 1943-01-04 1946-03-26 Jacobsen Mfg Co Motor fuel power induction device
US2935057A (en) * 1958-06-04 1960-05-03 Tecumseh Products Co Pressurized proportional mixing device
US3140700A (en) * 1960-04-29 1964-07-14 Auto Union Gmbh Process and apparatus for lubricating internal combustion engines
US3212485A (en) * 1960-12-01 1965-10-19 Auto Union Gmbh Method and apparatus for operating internal combustion engines
US3179099A (en) * 1961-11-10 1965-04-20 Auto Union Gmbh Internal-combustion engine with gasoline/oil-mixture control
US3666245A (en) * 1967-02-14 1972-05-30 Dentatus Ab Device for mixing a gas current under pressure with an atomized mist of liquid fluid, such as lubricating oil
US3653784A (en) * 1969-06-18 1972-04-04 Audi Ag Proportionating feed pump
US3707955A (en) * 1971-06-01 1973-01-02 Borg Warner Engine apparatus

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4100910A (en) * 1977-03-18 1978-07-18 Jetco, Inc. Pressure ratio valve
US4142486A (en) * 1977-09-06 1979-03-06 Schreier Joseph S Fuel-oil mixing apparatus for internal-combustion engines
US4473340A (en) * 1981-10-08 1984-09-25 Outboard Marine Corporation Combined fluid pressure actuated fuel and oil pump
FR2514410A1 (en) * 1981-10-08 1983-04-15 Outboard Marine Corp MECHANICAL DEVICE ACTUATED BY THE PRESSURE OF A FUEL AND FOR DELIVERING A FUEL / OIL MIXTURE
DE3237212A1 (en) * 1981-10-08 1983-04-28 Outboard Marine Corp Combined fuel and oil pump
US4539949A (en) * 1981-10-08 1985-09-10 Outboard Marine Corporation Combined fluid pressure actuated fuel and oil pump
FR2515256A1 (en) * 1981-10-23 1983-04-29 Outboard Marine Corp COMBINED FUEL PUMP AND PRESSURE OIL
DE3239578A1 (en) * 1981-11-23 1983-05-26 Outboard Marine Corp SHIP DRIVE DEVICE AND DEVICE FOR PUMPING OIL AND SUPPLYING A FUEL / OIL MIXTURE
US4552101A (en) * 1983-02-07 1985-11-12 Outboard Marine Corporation Fluid pressure actuated motor with pneumatically-coupled pistons
US4966105A (en) * 1983-12-05 1990-10-30 Sanshin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Lubricating oil supply device for internal combustion engine
US4520772A (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-06-04 Walbro Corporation Fuel shut-off valve for internal combustion engines
US4583500A (en) * 1985-01-25 1986-04-22 Brunswick Corp. Marine propulsion system with automatic oil-fuel mixing
US4594970A (en) * 1985-02-11 1986-06-17 Outboard Marine Corporation Marine installation including fuel/oil mixing device
FR2585775A1 (en) * 1985-07-31 1987-02-06 Outboard Marine Corp FUEL PUMP / OIL, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COMPRISING SUCH A PUMP AND DEVICE WITH SWITCH SENSITIVE TO OIL PRESSURE AND USEABLE IN SUCH A PUMP AND SUCH A MOTOR
US4807573A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-02-28 Andreas Stihl Fuel injection arrangement for a two-stroke engine
US4813391A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-03-21 Andreas Stihl Arrangement for injecting fuel for a two-stroke engine
US4846119A (en) * 1987-08-15 1989-07-11 Andreas Stihl Fuel injection pump for a two-stroke engine
US4846118A (en) * 1988-06-14 1989-07-11 Brunswick Corporation Duel fuel pump and oil-fuel mixing valve system
US5315968A (en) * 1993-03-29 1994-05-31 Orbital Walbro Corporation Two-stage fuel delivery system for an internal combustion engine
US6085702A (en) * 1997-03-21 2000-07-11 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Lubrication system for an engine having a floatless carburetor
US6886508B1 (en) * 2001-08-15 2005-05-03 William D. Luffy Dual shut-off valve for two-cycle engines
US8240292B1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2012-08-14 Walbro Engine Management, L.L.C. Evaporative emissions controls in a fuel system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3913551A (en) Protection device for engine operating on gas-oil mixture
CA1262666A (en) Fuel line purging device
CA2057599C (en) Fuel filter and pressure regulator system apparatus
MXPA04007436A (en) Seal assembly for a pressurized fuel feed system for an internal combustion engine.
US3709202A (en) Crankcase drainings recycling system
US4415507A (en) Mixing valve for dual fuel carburetor and method of dual charge mixing performed thereby
US20070079814A1 (en) Emissions control system for small internal combustion engines
US5357935A (en) Internal combustion engine with induction fuel system having an engine shut down circuit
US5649561A (en) Fuel filter and pressure regulator system
US4055609A (en) Carburetor and fuel supply system
US4345573A (en) Blow-gas treating and controlling system
US4388896A (en) Lubricating system for a two-cycle engine
US2905455A (en) Fuel supply
US2036205A (en) Carburetor
US4139580A (en) Self-lift carburetor
US4770822A (en) Diaphragm carburetor for internal combustion engine
US4000224A (en) Carburetor and fuel supply system
US3805756A (en) Multiple fuel carburetor
US4524744A (en) Fuel system for combustion engine
EP0287366A2 (en) Carburetor and valve mechanism
US2969963A (en) Carburetor
US2985161A (en) Primer for internal combustion engine
US4062327A (en) Internal combustion engine
US2676577A (en) Water injector carburetion control system
US2994517A (en) Charge forming device