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Heat recoverable closure assembly

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US3910448A
US3910448A US47495174A US3910448A US 3910448 A US3910448 A US 3910448A US 47495174 A US47495174 A US 47495174A US 3910448 A US3910448 A US 3910448A
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Prior art keywords
closure
heat
container
groove
recoverable
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Anthony Charles Evans
Pierre Peautaurit
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Tyco Electronics Raychem BVBA
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Tyco Electronics Raychem BVBA
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G3/00Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, equivalent structures or vehicles
    • H02G3/02Details
    • H02G3/08Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes
    • H02G3/14Fastening of cover or lid to box
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/48Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor using adhesives, i.e. using supplementary joining material; solvent bonding
    • B29C65/4805Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor using adhesives, i.e. using supplementary joining material; solvent bonding characterised by the type of adhesives
    • B29C65/481Non-reactive adhesives, e.g. physically hardening adhesives
    • B29C65/4815Hot melt adhesives, e.g. thermoplastic adhesives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/66Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by liberation of internal stresses, e.g. shrinking of one of the parts to be joined
    • B29C65/68Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by liberation of internal stresses, e.g. shrinking of one of the parts to be joined using auxiliary shrinkable elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/114Single butt joints
    • B29C66/1142Single butt to butt joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/43Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/43Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles
    • B29C66/432Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles for making tubular articles or closed loops, e.g. by joining several sheets ; for making hollow articles or hollow preforms
    • B29C66/4322Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles for making tubular articles or closed loops, e.g. by joining several sheets ; for making hollow articles or hollow preforms by joining a single sheet to itself
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/50General aspects of joining tubular articles; General aspects of joining long products, i.e. bars or profiled elements; General aspects of joining single elements to tubular articles, hollow articles or bars; General aspects of joining several hollow-preforms to form hollow or tubular articles
    • B29C66/51Joining tubular articles, profiled elements or bars; Joining single elements to tubular articles, hollow articles or bars; Joining several hollow-preforms to form hollow or tubular articles
    • B29C66/54Joining several hollow-preforms, e.g. half-shells, to form hollow articles, e.g. for making balls, containers; Joining several hollow-preforms, e.g. half-cylinders, to form tubular articles
    • B29C66/542Joining several hollow-preforms, e.g. half-shells, to form hollow articles, e.g. for making balls, containers; Joining several hollow-preforms, e.g. half-cylinders, to form tubular articles joining hollow covers or hollow bottoms to open ends of container bodies
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B4/00Shrinkage connections, e.g. assembled with the parts at different temperature; Force fits; Non-releasable friction-grip fastenings
    • F16B4/006Shrinkage connections, e.g. assembled with the parts being at different temperature
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G3/00Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, equivalent structures or vehicles
    • H02G3/02Details
    • H02G3/04Protective tubings or conduits or channels or other supports
    • H02G3/0462Tubings, i.e. having a closed section
    • H02G3/0481Tubings, i.e. having a closed section with a circular cross-section
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G3/00Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, equivalent structures or vehicles
    • H02G3/02Details
    • H02G3/08Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes
    • H02G3/088Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof casings or inlets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/30Vehicles, e.g. ships or aircraft, or body parts thereof
    • B29L2031/3055Cars
    • B29L2031/3061Number plates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/712Containers; Packaging elements or accessories, Packages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B11/00Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding
    • F16B11/006Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding by gluing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/06Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips
    • F16B5/0607Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other
    • F16B5/0621Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship
    • F16B5/0635Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship fastened over the edges of the sheets or plates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S29/00Metal working
    • Y10S29/035Shrink fitting with other step
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49863Assembling or joining with prestressing of part
    • Y10T29/49865Assembling or joining with prestressing of part by temperature differential [e.g., shrink fit]

Abstract

A closure assembly consisting of a container and a closure member wherein the container has a heat recoverable portion which cooperates with said closure member to close and seal said assembly. A flange is provided on the closure member which is wider than a corresponding groove on the container. The groove is defined by heat recoverable material and is presented in an expanded state. The closure member may then be heated and inserted in the groove causing the heat recoverable material to shrink about the flange to provide positive closure of the assembly. An adhesive may be incorporated within the groove to further seal the assembly. The closure member most conveniently is a material having a high thermal conductivity to enhance the heating of the heat recoverable material.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Evans et al.

[4 Oct. 7, 1975 HEAT RECOVERABLE CLOSURE ASSEMBLY [73] Assignee: N. V. Raychem S.A., Kessel-lo,

Belgium [22] Filed: May 31, 1974 [30] Foreign Application Priority Data June 6, 1973 United Kingdom 26176/73 52] us. Cl. 220/33; 174/50Q220/354; 220/359 51 Int. cm B6'5D 43/02 [58 Field of Search 220/3.8, 354, 359;

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,193,129 5/1965 Germany ..220/3.8 1,389,544 l/l965 France ..220/3.8

Primary Examiner-William 1. Price Assistant ExaminerStephen Marcus Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Lyon & Lyon [57] ABSTRACT A closure assembly consisting of a container and a closure member wherein the container has a heat recoverable portion which cooperates with said closure member to close and seal said assembly. A flange is provided on the closure member which is wider than a corresponding groove on the container. The groove is defined by heat recoverable material and is presented in an expanded state. The closure member may then be heated and inserted in the groove causing the heat recoverable material to shrink about the flange to provide positive closure of the assembly. An adhesive may be incorporated within the groove to further seal the assembly. The closure member most conveniently is a material having a high thermal conductivity to enhance the heating of the heat recoverable material.

11 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures HEAT RECOVERABLE CLOSURE ASSEMBLY This invention relates to heat recoverable closure assemblies, especially to containers having a heat recoverable portion cooperating with a closure member such as a top or clamp.

It is known to provide closure assemblies incorporat-. ing a container and a closure member such as a top or clamp wherein a flange and groove arrangement is provided between the closure member and the container. The flange and groove in such assemblies generally has an interference fit or other conventional arrangement whereby a seal or resistance to opening is achieved. However, in many applications. it is impractical to provide such a juncture because of difficulties in fabrication, in assembly and in maintaining integrity of the seal. Further, quite often such systems are incapable of being rcentered and then re-closed.

One such application where a waterproof box is required which can later be re-entered and then re-sealed is for junction boxes used in cable television systems. The junction boxes must be re-enterable in order to attach a further cable for supply to a new subscriber after the system has been laid under ground. Junction boxes for this purpose typically have an orifice, usually with a flange. for the input line and a similar orifice for each output line. Like junction boxes used elsewhere in the electronics industry, the boxes are typically rectangular having a flat lid through which the box may be entered for inspection or servicing.

In the past, such junction boxes have been made of many materials. for example, aluminum or polyethylene. More recently polyethylene has become popular to allow the flanges around the orifices to be made heat recoverable so that sealing of the overlap between the box and the cable can be facilitated. The internal surfaces of the flanges are covered with mastics or hot melt adhesives. Orifices which are not in use can be plugged or formed with a readily removable end cap so that a new subscribers line can be easily fitted.

It will be apparent that sealing against ingress of moisture, both through the overlap between the orifices and the cables and through the joint between the box and the lid is a necessary feature when the box is to be used outdoors, especially underground.

Similarly, certain underground cable assemblies must provide a closure assembly that can be easily reentered and then closed again and still provide a seal capable of preventing moisture intrusion intothe cables or other easily damaged components. It has likewise become desired and often beneficial to employ polyethylene or other plastic material in the form of cylindrical containers for such cables. However, it is normally necessary to cut the container in order to reenter the conduit. Thus, it is necessary to re-assemble a container about the conduit after service has been completed.

The present invention provides a means for providing a scalable container which may be easily re-entcred. It is also possible to reseal the container at a later time. To accomplish this. a container is provided with a heat -recoverable portion about the opening therein. A cloconductivity. In this way. the groove may be expanded and held in that state before the flange associated with the closure member is placed on the container. The flange may then be heated and positioned in the groove, thus resulting in a shrinking of the groove about the flange to create a sealed container.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved closure assembly.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an improved process for securely enclosing a container.

it is a further object of the present invention to provide a closure assembly employing heat recoverable material for securely closing the assembly.

Moreover, an object of the present invention is to provide a waterproof junction box capable of being reentered and closed.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a cylindrical container for conduits which may be re-entered through an application of heat.

Other and further objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.

FIG. 1 is a perspective exploded view of a box and top according to the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary section through a side wall and part of the top of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a conduit employing an enclosure member according to the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary exploded section showing the closure of FIG. 3.

Referring now to the drawings, specifically FIGS. 1 and 2, a container or box, generally designated 1, includes a base 2, and side wall 3. The box is designed for incorporation as a junction box for cable television systems or other electrical systems and includes a plurality of flanged apertures 4 through which cables may extend to various receiving locations. The container 1 is made of a thermoplastic material which is most conveniently of a type having heat recoverable properties. Alternately, it is only necessary that the upper portion of each side wall is of a heat recoverable nature. The heat recoverable material of the box is preferably a cross-linked thermoplastic material, for example, one specified in British Pat. No. 990,235. The box may be formed, for example, by molding. Cross-linking may be achieved by any of the known methods, for example, by the use of chemical cross-linking agents.

The free end of the side walls, as best seen in FIG. 2, is in the form of a generally U-shaped cavity or groove 5. The groove 5 may be partially filled with a hot melt adhesive 6. The grooves extend completely about the opening or aperture formed in the box as is defined by the free ends of the side walls 3. Thus, a seal may be achieved completely about the opening as will be seen below.

A closure member or top 7 is provided as a means for closing the opening in the upper portion of the container l. The closure member 7 includes a flange 8 extending downwardly from the lower surface thereof about the outer edge of the closure member 7. This flange 8 is substantially the same shape and dimension as the corresponding groove 5 located in the container 1. However, the width of the flange 8 is larger than the width of the groove 5 when the heat-recoverable material forming the grooves is in a heat-stable state. The closure member is relatively rigid and is of a material which will remain rigid at the recovery temperature of the heat recoverable material of the container. Further, as will be discussed below, the closure member 7 is preferably of a material having a high thermo conductivity, such as brass.

To prepare the container 1 for assembly,.the groove 5 and the. immediately surrounding area of the container l is heated to a temperature where the heat recoverable material is in a dimensionally heat-unstable state. .ln this condition, the groove 5 is expanded and held in the expanded position. While being held in the expanded position, the container 7.and groove 5 are cooledthereby causing the groove 5 to remain in the expanded state. Once the components are established within the container 1, the closure member 7 may be heated. Once heated, the closure member is pressed onto the top of the container 1 so that the flange 8 is positioned within the groove 5. The heat from the closure member 7 is then quickly transferred to the heat recovery material defining the groove 5 causing it to shrink to its original configuration and thereby securely hold and seal the closure member.

Where a hot melt, adhesive 6 is employed in the groove 5, a further bond is provided thereby. The heated closure member7 will cause the hot melt adhesive 6 to melt during the recovery of the heat recoverable material. Consequently, the heat recoverable material forming the groove 5 will close about the flange 8 and also spread or squeeze the hot melt adhesive 6 about the flange 8 to form a tight joint between the container 1 and the closure member 7.

Thus, using the art and process of the invention as applied to the first embodiment, the portion of the container l that needs to be heated to cause recovery may be raised to the appropriate temperature without heating .the' remainder of the container 1 to any great extent. ln general, it isundesirable to subject the remainder of-the container 1 to heating. Also, because of the low thermoconductivity of thermoplastics, the present invention allows heat to be applied only where it is needed. By properly choosing a closure member 7, for example a metal top of high thermoconductivity, there is also achieved the advantage that when the container 1 needs to be reopened, all that is necessary is the top 7 to be heated again. Heat is then conducted through the flange 8 to those portions of the container which needs to be reheated to release the top. Where there is hot melt adhesive, this is softened and in all cases the recoverable portion receives sufficient heat to begin to reach recovery temperature before heat is transferred to the remainder of the container. If the closure member 7 is then pried loose from the container, the heat source is immediately removed from the groove 5. With care, recovery can be averted before it is complete. Thus, the groove 5 is left in a partially recovered state so that the closure member 7 can be readily replaced as desired. ln-any case, even if recovery is complete, the use of a rigid metal top 7 enables the recoverable-portion of the container 1 to be reopened on reheating simply by pressure applied to the top 7. This is. of course, facilitated by having the flange 8 tapered. Once again, when the closure member 7 and groove 5 cool, the container 1 is again rescaled.

Turning to the second embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 of the drawing, a container 9 is formed in a sheet like arrangement having two mating edges 10 and 11 formed at opposite ends of the sheet. A raised portion 12 is provided adjacent either edge 10 and 11 to further strengthen the container member 9. A 010- sure member 13 formed into a channel member including two flanges l4 and l5-which may be positioned in grooves 16 and 17. The grooves 16 and 17 are positioned in raised portions 12 and typically extend the length of the sheet. Hot melt adhesives 18 may also be provided.

To assembly this second embodiment, the container member 9 is flexed to place the two mating edges 10 and 11 in abutting relationship to close the opening there between. Thegrooves 16 and 17, having been previously expanded through the process described above, are then positioned to receive the closure member l3. Thelclosure .member 13 is heated and then placed with the container 9 so that the flanges l4 and 16 are positioned inthe corresponding grooves 16 and 17. The grooves 16 and 17 then shrink about the flanges l4and 15 respectively as the entire assembly cools. Thus, a second closure member is provided to open this second embodiment, the closure member'l3 is again heated and easily withdrawn from the container 9. The container 9 may then be unwrapped from about the cables, splices or other components contained therein.

Thus, apparatus and procedure is provided for erecting a closure assembly which is advantageous for applications where a positive seal is required. Further, by heating the closure member, the assembly may be easily opened and later closed. While embodiments and applications of this invention have been shown and described, it would be apparent to those skilled in the art that many more modifications are possible without departing from the inventive concepts herein described. The invention, therefore, is not to be restricted except by the spirit of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A heat recoverable closure assembly comprising:

a container, said container including an opening into said container and a groove adjacent .said opening, said groove being defined by heat recoverable material; and

a closure member of high thermal conductivity, said closure member including a flange capable of coextensive arrangement with said groove, said flange being wider than said groove when said groove is in its heat stable state.

2. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said opening constitutes a substantially fixed aperture and said groove extends about said aperture.

3. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said container comprises a. sheet extending to two mating edges, said sheet being capable of being flexibly arranged to place said two mating edges in abutting relationship, said groove extending adjacent each of said two mating edges to receive said closure member.

4. The heat recoverable closure assembly of .claim 1 wherein adhesive is provided within said groove.

5. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said closure member is metallic.

6. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said container comprises a sheet extending to two mating edges, said mating edges defining said opening and being flexibly arranged in abutting relationship, said groove extending adjacent each of said two mating edges to receive said closure member.

wherein said top is metallic.

9. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 7 wherein said container is capable of providing a subterranean junction box for electrical components.

10. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 7 further comprising adhesive placed within said groove.

11. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 10 wherein said adhesive is a hot melt adhesive.

Claims (11)

1. A heat recoverable closure assembly comprising: a container, said container including an opening into said container and a groove adjacent said opening, said groove being defined by heat recoverable material; and a closure member of high thermal conductivity, said closure member including a flange capable of coextensive arrangement with said groove, said flange being wider than said groove when said groove is in its heat stable state.
2. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said opening constitutes a substantially fixed aperture and said groove extends about said aperture.
3. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said container comprises a sheet extending to two mating edges, said sheet being capable of being flexibly arranged to place said two mating edges in abutting relationship, said groove extending adjacent each of said two mating edges to receive said closure member.
4. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein adhesive is provided within said groove.
5. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said closure member is metallic.
6. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 1 wherein said container comprises a sheet extending to two mating edges, said mating edges defining said opening and being flexibly arranged in abutting relationship, said groove extending adjacent each of said two mating edges to receive said closure member.
7. A heat recoverable closure assembly comprising: a container, said container including an access aperture and a groove in said container extending about said aperture, said groove being formed from heat recoverable material; and a top of high thermal conductivity, said top including a flange capable of co-extensive arrangement with said groove, said flange being wider than said groove when said groove is in said heat stable state.
8. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 7 wherein said top is metallic.
9. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 7 wherein said container is capable of providing a subterranean junction box for electrical components.
10. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 7 further comprising adhesive placed within said groove.
11. The heat recoverable closure assembly of claim 10 wherein said adhesive is a hot melt adhesive.
US3910448A 1974-05-31 1974-05-31 Heat recoverable closure assembly Expired - Lifetime US3910448A (en)

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Cited By (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3978188A (en) * 1974-09-17 1976-08-31 Kabel-Und Metallwerke Gutehoffnungshutte Aktiengesellschaft Method of attaching tension rods to cables and tension rod cable assemblies made thereby
US4179319A (en) * 1977-01-24 1979-12-18 Raychem Corporation Heat recoverable article and methods using same
US4239302A (en) * 1977-04-14 1980-12-16 Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Company Limited Sidebearers
US4268559A (en) * 1978-09-22 1981-05-19 Electronized Chemicals Corporation Heat-shrinkable article
US4297779A (en) * 1978-08-10 1981-11-03 Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, Limited Method of joining structural elements
US4378393A (en) * 1978-09-22 1983-03-29 High Voltage Engineering Corporation Heat-shrinkable article
US4384906A (en) * 1981-09-09 1983-05-24 Raychem Corporation Flat sheet closure and method
US4388488A (en) * 1979-09-27 1983-06-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Sealing system for a longitudinally divided cable fitting element
US4396656A (en) * 1979-08-02 1983-08-02 Kabel-Und Metallwerke Gutehoffnungshutte Aktiengesellschaft Longitudinally divided hose-like filling
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US4884751A (en) * 1988-04-13 1989-12-05 Lil' Duke Sprinkler, Inc. Lawn sprinkler
WO1989012583A1 (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-12-28 Abplanalp Robert H Improved aerosol container closure
US4896784A (en) * 1989-05-17 1990-01-30 Hubbell Incorporated Fitting for interconnecting non-metallic conduit
US5129608A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-07-14 Raychem Corporation Snap fit clamp
US5182696A (en) * 1992-06-08 1993-01-26 Her Jern Shong Distributor for television sets
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US5635673A (en) * 1991-11-16 1997-06-03 Bowthorpe Plc Cable jointing enclosure
US5847319A (en) * 1994-11-18 1998-12-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Fuse box closure in a fuse assembly
US5880401A (en) * 1996-08-28 1999-03-09 R. Stahl Schaltgerate Gmbh Plastic housing of the flameproof enclosure ignition protection type
US5880400A (en) * 1996-08-28 1999-03-09 R. Stahl Schaltgerate Gmbh Metal housing of the "flameproof enclosure" ignition protection type
US5922993A (en) * 1996-06-04 1999-07-13 Yazaki Corporation Covered wire connection structure
US5925202A (en) * 1996-06-04 1999-07-20 Yazaki Corporation Covered wire connection method and structure
US6002083A (en) * 1997-11-14 1999-12-14 Emerson Electric Co. Terminal box for electric motor
EP1063748A1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2000-12-27 Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. Sealed box and method for sealing the same
US20030218936A1 (en) * 2002-05-25 2003-11-27 Geo-X Systems, Ltd. Universal seismic data acquisition module
US20040075989A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-22 Wong Ka Chai Electrical device with a water-tight housing and method of making same
US20050230137A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-10-20 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US20050241846A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Finn James H Iii EZ-LB electrical fitting
US20050263433A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2005-12-01 Abb Service S.R.I. Terminal box for electrotechnical uses and corresponding method of manufacturing
US20060005982A1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-01-12 Joy Mm Delaware, Inc. Permissible controller cover resistant to fastener breakage
EP1650775A2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-04-26 iGUZZINI ILLUMINAZIONE S.p.A. Water-tight multiple junction box for an electronic transformer
US20060096774A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-11 Vo Chanh C Environmental seal for network interface device
US7067032B1 (en) * 1999-09-21 2006-06-27 A. Raymond & Cie Tubular coupling element for producing a glued joint with a fluid line
US20070215614A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-09-20 Yazaki Corporation Waterproof box
US20070223202A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2007-09-27 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Planar circuit housing
US20080041612A1 (en) * 2004-11-11 2008-02-21 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Electrical High Field/High Voltage Unit and Method of Manufacturing Same
US20090178820A1 (en) * 2008-01-14 2009-07-16 Signal Cable System Co., Ltd. Television signal splitter casing
US20100101677A1 (en) * 2006-08-12 2010-04-29 Rehau Ag & Co. Covering device
CN1845383B (en) 2005-04-08 2010-05-12 伊古齐尼照明有限公司 Watertight connector for cables
US20100181324A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2010-07-22 Shi Mechanical & Equipment Inc. Seal Structure of Pressure Vessel
US20110255220A1 (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-20 Fih (Hong Kong) Limited Housing and portable electronic device using the same
US20120014048A1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2012-01-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Cable Kink Protection Unit and Method for Producing Same
US20120024879A1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2012-02-02 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Housing assembly
US20140325895A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2014-11-06 Vm Products Inc. Tamper-Resistant Fly Control Station and Methods for Using the Same
US20150040484A1 (en) * 2011-08-19 2015-02-12 Aerovironment, Inc. Water-tight compartment with removable hatch and two-sided gel seal for multiple conduit access
EP3139138A1 (en) * 2015-09-04 2017-03-08 Landis+Gyr GmbH Measurement valve for a flow meter

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US3198874A (en) * 1961-01-23 1965-08-03 Standard Pressed Steel Co Semi-conductor housings and method of making the same
US3851794A (en) * 1970-09-01 1974-12-03 Itw Ateco Gmbh An expansible holeplug with seal
US3801727A (en) * 1972-09-25 1974-04-02 Rostone Corp Composite electrical transformer housing
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Cited By (74)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3978188A (en) * 1974-09-17 1976-08-31 Kabel-Und Metallwerke Gutehoffnungshutte Aktiengesellschaft Method of attaching tension rods to cables and tension rod cable assemblies made thereby
US4179319A (en) * 1977-01-24 1979-12-18 Raychem Corporation Heat recoverable article and methods using same
US4239302A (en) * 1977-04-14 1980-12-16 Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Company Limited Sidebearers
US4297779A (en) * 1978-08-10 1981-11-03 Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, Limited Method of joining structural elements
US4378393A (en) * 1978-09-22 1983-03-29 High Voltage Engineering Corporation Heat-shrinkable article
US4268559A (en) * 1978-09-22 1981-05-19 Electronized Chemicals Corporation Heat-shrinkable article
US4396656A (en) * 1979-08-02 1983-08-02 Kabel-Und Metallwerke Gutehoffnungshutte Aktiengesellschaft Longitudinally divided hose-like filling
US4388488A (en) * 1979-09-27 1983-06-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Sealing system for a longitudinally divided cable fitting element
US4384906A (en) * 1981-09-09 1983-05-24 Raychem Corporation Flat sheet closure and method
US4722441A (en) * 1983-12-08 1988-02-02 Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd. Package structure for semiconductors
US4736869A (en) * 1986-08-22 1988-04-12 Expert Corporation Submersible sealed housing
WO1989012583A1 (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-12-28 Abplanalp Robert H Improved aerosol container closure
US4852792A (en) * 1988-03-02 1989-08-01 Greif Bros. Corporation Self locking cover/bottom for fibre drums
US4884751A (en) * 1988-04-13 1989-12-05 Lil' Duke Sprinkler, Inc. Lawn sprinkler
US4896784A (en) * 1989-05-17 1990-01-30 Hubbell Incorporated Fitting for interconnecting non-metallic conduit
US5129608A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-07-14 Raychem Corporation Snap fit clamp
US5635673A (en) * 1991-11-16 1997-06-03 Bowthorpe Plc Cable jointing enclosure
US5182696A (en) * 1992-06-08 1993-01-26 Her Jern Shong Distributor for television sets
US5591364A (en) * 1994-06-23 1997-01-07 Motorola, Inc. Housing with integral opening feature
US5843532A (en) * 1994-10-28 1998-12-01 Robroy Industries Coated conduit outlet fitting and method and apparatus for forming a coated conduit outlet fitting
US5621189A (en) * 1994-10-28 1997-04-15 Robroy Industries, Inc. Coated conduit outlet fitting
US5847319A (en) * 1994-11-18 1998-12-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Fuse box closure in a fuse assembly
WO1996037416A1 (en) * 1995-05-22 1996-11-28 Continental Pet Technologies, Inc. Method for post-mold attachment of a handle to a strain-oriented plastic container
US5637167A (en) * 1995-05-22 1997-06-10 Continental Pet Technologies, Inc. Method for post-mold attachment of a handle to a strain-oriented plastic container
US5922993A (en) * 1996-06-04 1999-07-13 Yazaki Corporation Covered wire connection structure
US5925202A (en) * 1996-06-04 1999-07-20 Yazaki Corporation Covered wire connection method and structure
US5880400A (en) * 1996-08-28 1999-03-09 R. Stahl Schaltgerate Gmbh Metal housing of the "flameproof enclosure" ignition protection type
US5880401A (en) * 1996-08-28 1999-03-09 R. Stahl Schaltgerate Gmbh Plastic housing of the flameproof enclosure ignition protection type
US6002083A (en) * 1997-11-14 1999-12-14 Emerson Electric Co. Terminal box for electric motor
US6499621B1 (en) 1999-06-25 2002-12-31 Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. Sealing container and method for sealing device in the same
EP1063748A1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2000-12-27 Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. Sealed box and method for sealing the same
US7067032B1 (en) * 1999-09-21 2006-06-27 A. Raymond & Cie Tubular coupling element for producing a glued joint with a fluid line
US7078619B2 (en) * 2002-05-25 2006-07-18 Geo-X Systems, Ltd. Universal seismic data acquisition module
US20060225910A1 (en) * 2002-05-25 2006-10-12 Geo-X Systems, Ltd. Universal seismic data acquisition module
US7614148B2 (en) 2002-05-25 2009-11-10 Geo-X Systems, Ltd Method of providing connector compatibility for data interface
US20030218936A1 (en) * 2002-05-25 2003-11-27 Geo-X Systems, Ltd. Universal seismic data acquisition module
US20040075989A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-22 Wong Ka Chai Electrical device with a water-tight housing and method of making same
US7186915B2 (en) * 2003-10-07 2007-03-06 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US20060144608A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2006-07-06 Hull Eric G Mud box and adapters
US7145075B2 (en) 2003-10-07 2006-12-05 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US20050274536A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-12-15 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US20050230137A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-10-20 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US7186913B2 (en) * 2003-10-07 2007-03-06 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Mud box and adapters
US20050241846A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Finn James H Iii EZ-LB electrical fitting
US7326853B2 (en) * 2004-06-01 2008-02-05 Abb Service S.R.L. Terminal box for electrotechnical uses and corresponding method of manufacturing
US20050263433A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2005-12-01 Abb Service S.R.I. Terminal box for electrotechnical uses and corresponding method of manufacturing
US7005576B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2006-02-28 Joy Mm Delaware, Inc. Permissible controller cover resistant to fastener breakage
US20060005982A1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-01-12 Joy Mm Delaware, Inc. Permissible controller cover resistant to fastener breakage
US20070223202A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2007-09-27 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Planar circuit housing
US7564699B2 (en) * 2004-09-17 2009-07-21 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Planar circuit housing
EP1650775A3 (en) * 2004-10-20 2007-07-25 iGUZZINI ILLUMINAZIONE S.p.A. Water-tight multiple junction box for an electronic transformer
EP1650775A2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-04-26 iGUZZINI ILLUMINAZIONE S.p.A. Water-tight multiple junction box for an electronic transformer
US7414190B2 (en) * 2004-11-08 2008-08-19 Corning Cable Systems Llc Environmental seal for network interface device
US20060096774A1 (en) * 2004-11-08 2006-05-11 Vo Chanh C Environmental seal for network interface device
US20080041612A1 (en) * 2004-11-11 2008-02-21 Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V. Electrical High Field/High Voltage Unit and Method of Manufacturing Same
US7964798B2 (en) * 2004-11-11 2011-06-21 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Electrical high field/high voltage unit and method of manufacturing same
CN1845383B (en) 2005-04-08 2010-05-12 伊古齐尼照明有限公司 Watertight connector for cables
US20100181324A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2010-07-22 Shi Mechanical & Equipment Inc. Seal Structure of Pressure Vessel
US20070215614A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-09-20 Yazaki Corporation Waterproof box
US7762415B2 (en) * 2006-03-06 2010-07-27 Yazaki Corporation Waterproof box for a wiring harness connector
US20140325895A1 (en) * 2006-04-11 2014-11-06 Vm Products Inc. Tamper-Resistant Fly Control Station and Methods for Using the Same
US20100101677A1 (en) * 2006-08-12 2010-04-29 Rehau Ag & Co. Covering device
US20090178820A1 (en) * 2008-01-14 2009-07-16 Signal Cable System Co., Ltd. Television signal splitter casing
US8550275B2 (en) * 2009-03-30 2013-10-08 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Housing assembly
CN102365801B (en) * 2009-03-30 2015-01-21 菲尼克斯电气公司 Housing assembly
CN102365801A (en) * 2009-03-30 2012-02-29 菲尼克斯电气公司 Housing assembly
US20120024879A1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2012-02-02 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Housing assembly
US8254098B2 (en) * 2010-04-14 2012-08-28 Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Housing and portable electronic device using the same
US20110255220A1 (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-20 Fih (Hong Kong) Limited Housing and portable electronic device using the same
US8586879B2 (en) * 2010-07-14 2013-11-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Cable kink protection unit and method for producing same
US20120014048A1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2012-01-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Cable Kink Protection Unit and Method for Producing Same
US20150040484A1 (en) * 2011-08-19 2015-02-12 Aerovironment, Inc. Water-tight compartment with removable hatch and two-sided gel seal for multiple conduit access
US9476251B2 (en) * 2011-08-19 2016-10-25 Aerovironment, Inc. Water-tight compartment with removable hatch and two-sided gel seal for multiple conduit access
EP3139138A1 (en) * 2015-09-04 2017-03-08 Landis+Gyr GmbH Measurement valve for a flow meter

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