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Mixing fluid components

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Publication number
US3908702A
US3908702A US35726973A US3908702A US 3908702 A US3908702 A US 3908702A US 35726973 A US35726973 A US 35726973A US 3908702 A US3908702 A US 3908702A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
fig
tube
patent
sept
sheet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Jan Arie Klosse
Klaas Klosse
Original Assignee
Jan Arie Klosse
Klaas Klosse
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F5/00Flow mixers; Mixers for falling materials, e.g. solid particles
    • B01F5/06Mixers in which the components are pressed together through slits, orifices, or screens; Static mixers; Mixers of the fractal type
    • B01F5/0602Static mixers, i.e. mixers in which the mixing is effected by moving the components jointly in changing directions, e.g. in tubes provided with baffles or obstructions
    • B01F5/0609Mixing tubes, e.g. the material being submitted to a substantially radial movement or to a movement partially in reverse direction
    • B01F5/0646Mixers composed of several consecutive mixing tubes; Mixing tubes being deformed or bent, e.g. having varying cross-section or being provided with inwardly extending profiles, e.g. with internal screw-thread profile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/08Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed liquids with liquids; Emulsifying
    • B01F3/10Mixing very viscous liquids
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/08Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor using a stream of discrete samples flowing along a tube system, e.g. flow injection analysis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T436/00Chemistry: analytical and immunological testing
    • Y10T436/11Automated chemical analysis
    • Y10T436/117497Automated chemical analysis with a continuously flowing sample or carrier stream
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T436/00Chemistry: analytical and immunological testing
    • Y10T436/16Phosphorus containing
    • Y10T436/166666Phosphorus containing of inorganic phosphorus compound in body fluid

Abstract

Portions of fluid components are mixed during transport through a tube by continuously disturbing their flow pattern in a controlled manner during their passage through the tube. The disturbance is created by providing the tube with a radially inward profile which in a preferred form is an internal screwthread of a thickness 0.25 to 0.75 times the internal diameter of the tube and having a pitch 0.75 to 1.5 times the internal diameter of the tube.

Description

United States Patent [191 Klosse et al.

[5 MIXING FLUID COMPONENTS [76] Inventors: Jan Arie Klosse; Klaas Klosse, both of Hessenwcg 21 1, De Bilt, Netherlands {22] Filed: May 4, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 357,269

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data May 4 1972 Netherlands 72060l6 [52] US. Cl 138/42; 23/230 R; 48/180 R; 138/44 [51] Int. Cl. B01F 05/00; BOlF 15/02 [58] Field Of Search 138/42, 44, 140144; 259/4; 48/180 R; 23/230 R, 259

[56] References Cited 1 UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.720.245 7/1929 Smith 138/42 X 2,146.823 2/1939 Karmazin 138/42 2254,5157 9/1941 Williams 138/42 X 145] Sept. 30, 1975 2.295.988 9/1942 Brace 138/42 X 2,901,327 8/1959 Thayer et al.. 29/230 R 2977,19) 3/1961 Quittner 23/230 R 3,501,273 3/1970 Agner 73/423 A 3,543.805 12/1970v Matthews et al. 138/141 3,647,187 3/1972 Dannewitz et al. 259/4 Primary E.\'aminerRichard C. Queisser Assistant E.raminerDaniel M. Yasich Attorney, Agent, or F irmCushman, Darby & Cushman [57] ABSTRACT Portions of fluid components are mixed during transport through a tube by continuously disturbing their flow pattern in a controlled manner during their passage through the tube; The disturbance is created by providing the tube with a radially inward profile which in a preferred form is an internal screw-thread of a thickness 0.25 to 0.-75.times the internal diameter of the tube and having a pitch 0.75 to 1.5 times the internal diameter of the tube.

4 Claims,5 0 Drawing Figures U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 1 of 19 3,908,702

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet20f 19 3,908,702

Fl6.6 m1. m2

MT 0,5 M MT 0,1M MT 0 H mm HM MT 5M MT 2" U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet30f 19 3,908,702

FIG. 5 FIG. 3

k k A:

MS 0,1M Ms 0M MS 2" MS 05!! US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet4 of 19 3,908,702

FIG- 12 US. Patent Sept. 50,1975 SheetS of 19 3,908,702

| FIG.1B FIG. 17

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet6of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 2a-

FIG. 19 f MT MT US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet7 @11 3,908,702

FIG. 21 1 w 1.11.3 air I phusphclte -}-|i -molybda te I 11111111111 1: 1 I l1.1.22

to waste to 2 waste "l .JLEZ] y 3 I.

. FIG. 22 FIG. 23

' US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet9of19 3,908,702

FIG. 15 Y 1M3 cu cured so utlon 1-153 non-coloured I I solutlon L to waste Bfiflnm 15mm FIG. 27 FIG. 26

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 10 of 19 3,908,702

n u phosphate v L752 molyhdute l I vitamin c g z LJ to waste 660 nm 15 mm FIG. 30: FI 29 U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 11 01 19 3,908 702 NM a:

US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 12 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 33 FIG. 3h

\P-w l Mood US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 13 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. 3B

[Mx FIG 37 U.S. Patent Se )t.30,1975 Sheet 14 0519 3,908,702

FIG. 38

FIG. 39

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 15 of 19 3,908,702

FIG. L0 FIB. M

U.S. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 16 0f 19 3,908,702

FIG. 42 1 m M blood i cyanide L I /3 to waste UJ 1 3 I.

51.0 nm 15 mm FIG. L7 FIG. 48

Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 17 of 19 3,908,702

U.S. Patent US. Patent Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 18 of 19 3,908,702

c T 3 '5 g:

FIB. 1.5

U.S. Patepnt Sept. 30,1975 Sheet 19 of 19 3,908,702

49 IIIIIII UBE

Claims (4)

1. A mixing tube for use in transversely mixing fluid components together, said tube having an inner wall surface provided with a rounded male screw-thread configuration that provides a helical bore therethrough and having a height of about 0.5 times the diameter of the tube, and a pitch of from about 0.9 to about 1.1 times the diameter of the tube.
2. A mixing tube as recited in claim 1 wherein angles formed by a profile of said male screw-thread configuration are uniformly rounded.
3. A mixing tube as claimed in claim 1, wherein said tube is made at least in part of synthetic plastics material inert to materials to be processed.
4. A mixing tube as claimed in claim 1, wherein said tube is made at least in part of polytetrafluoroethylene.
US3908702A 1972-05-04 1973-05-04 Mixing fluid components Expired - Lifetime US3908702A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL7206016A NL7206016A (en) 1972-05-04 1972-05-04

Publications (1)

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US3908702A true US3908702A (en) 1975-09-30

Family

ID=19815966

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3908702A Expired - Lifetime US3908702A (en) 1972-05-04 1973-05-04 Mixing fluid components

Country Status (3)

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US (1) US3908702A (en)
JP (1) JPS4949255A (en)
NL (1) NL7206016A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4222672A (en) * 1979-04-19 1980-09-16 University Patents, Inc. Static mixer
US4315754A (en) * 1979-08-28 1982-02-16 Bifok Ab Flow injection analysis with intermittent flow
EP0701474A1 (en) * 1993-06-03 1996-03-20 Atomaer Pty. Ltd. Multiphase staged passive reactor
US7041218B1 (en) 2002-06-10 2006-05-09 Inflowsion, L.L.C. Static device and method of making
US7045060B1 (en) 2002-12-05 2006-05-16 Inflowsion, L.L.C. Apparatus and method for treating a liquid
US20070242560A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-10-18 Yoshihiro Norikane Microscopic flow passage structure, microscopic liquid droplet generating method, microscopic liquid droplet generating system, particles, and microcapsules
US7331705B1 (en) 2002-06-10 2008-02-19 Inflowsion L.L.C. Static device and method of making
US20130010567A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2013-01-10 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives Agitator of a liquid sample
WO2013042084A2 (en) 2011-09-22 2013-03-28 Cydaf Technologies Limited Apparatus for separation and processing of materials
US8834016B1 (en) 2011-04-27 2014-09-16 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold
US9522367B1 (en) 2011-04-27 2016-12-20 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold
US9884300B2 (en) 2016-10-04 2018-02-06 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1720245A (en) * 1926-04-29 1929-07-09 Smith John William Mixing device
US2146823A (en) * 1936-04-30 1939-02-14 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus and method of making same
US2254587A (en) * 1937-11-09 1941-09-02 Linde Air Prod Co Apparatus for dispensing gas material
US2295988A (en) * 1939-04-24 1942-09-15 Hoover Co Refrigeration
US2901327A (en) * 1955-05-23 1959-08-25 Beckman Instruments Inc Method for measuring traces of dissolved oxygen
US2977199A (en) * 1956-12-31 1961-03-28 Ind Rayon Corp Method for the continuous testing of flowing materials
US3501273A (en) * 1966-04-15 1970-03-17 Kjell Agner Apparatus for automatic analysis
US3543805A (en) * 1966-06-24 1970-12-01 Moore & Co Samuel Composite tubing
US3647187A (en) * 1970-08-03 1972-03-07 Technicon Instr Static mixer and method of making same

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1720245A (en) * 1926-04-29 1929-07-09 Smith John William Mixing device
US2146823A (en) * 1936-04-30 1939-02-14 Gen Motors Corp Refrigerating apparatus and method of making same
US2254587A (en) * 1937-11-09 1941-09-02 Linde Air Prod Co Apparatus for dispensing gas material
US2295988A (en) * 1939-04-24 1942-09-15 Hoover Co Refrigeration
US2901327A (en) * 1955-05-23 1959-08-25 Beckman Instruments Inc Method for measuring traces of dissolved oxygen
US2977199A (en) * 1956-12-31 1961-03-28 Ind Rayon Corp Method for the continuous testing of flowing materials
US3501273A (en) * 1966-04-15 1970-03-17 Kjell Agner Apparatus for automatic analysis
US3543805A (en) * 1966-06-24 1970-12-01 Moore & Co Samuel Composite tubing
US3647187A (en) * 1970-08-03 1972-03-07 Technicon Instr Static mixer and method of making same

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4222672A (en) * 1979-04-19 1980-09-16 University Patents, Inc. Static mixer
US4315754A (en) * 1979-08-28 1982-02-16 Bifok Ab Flow injection analysis with intermittent flow
EP1405667A3 (en) * 1993-06-03 2004-06-30 Atomaer Pty Ltd Multiphase staged passive reactor
EP0701474A4 (en) * 1993-06-03 1996-06-26 Atomaer Pty Ltd Multiphase staged passive reactor
US5741466A (en) * 1993-06-03 1998-04-21 Atomaer Pty Ltd Multiphase staged passive reactor
EP1405667A2 (en) * 1993-06-03 2004-04-07 Atomaer Pty Ltd Multiphase staged passive reactor
EP0701474A1 (en) * 1993-06-03 1996-03-20 Atomaer Pty. Ltd. Multiphase staged passive reactor
US7331705B1 (en) 2002-06-10 2008-02-19 Inflowsion L.L.C. Static device and method of making
US7041218B1 (en) 2002-06-10 2006-05-09 Inflowsion, L.L.C. Static device and method of making
US7045060B1 (en) 2002-12-05 2006-05-16 Inflowsion, L.L.C. Apparatus and method for treating a liquid
US20070242560A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-10-18 Yoshihiro Norikane Microscopic flow passage structure, microscopic liquid droplet generating method, microscopic liquid droplet generating system, particles, and microcapsules
US8821006B2 (en) * 2006-01-18 2014-09-02 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Microscopic flow passage structure, microscopic liquid droplet generating method, microscopic liquid droplet generating system, particles, and microcapsules
US20130010567A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2013-01-10 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives Agitator of a liquid sample
US8834016B1 (en) 2011-04-27 2014-09-16 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold
US9522367B1 (en) 2011-04-27 2016-12-20 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold
WO2013042084A2 (en) 2011-09-22 2013-03-28 Cydaf Technologies Limited Apparatus for separation and processing of materials
US9884300B2 (en) 2016-10-04 2018-02-06 Tetra Technologies, Inc. Multi chamber mixing manifold

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS4949255A (en) 1974-05-13 application
NL7206016A (en) 1973-11-06 application

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