US3908127A - Corona generating devices - Google Patents

Corona generating devices Download PDF

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Publication number
US3908127A
US3908127A US47820874A US3908127A US 3908127 A US3908127 A US 3908127A US 47820874 A US47820874 A US 47820874A US 3908127 A US3908127 A US 3908127A
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Prior art keywords
member
device
end
channel
coronode
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Expired - Lifetime
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Peter Frederick Clark
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Xerox Corp
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Xerox Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G15/00Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern
    • G03G15/02Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for laying down a uniform charge, e.g. for sensitising; Corona discharge devices
    • G03G15/0291Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for laying down a uniform charge, e.g. for sensitising; Corona discharge devices corona discharge devices, e.g. wires, pointed electrodes, means for cleaning the corona discharge device

Abstract

A corona generating device including a coronode connected between mountings wherein at least one of the mountings comprises a fixed plastic member and a movable plastic member, the members interacting through resilient means to urge the movable member in the direction of the adjacent end of the device.

Description

United States Patent Clark 1 Sept. 23, 1975 CORONA GENERATING DEVICES [75] Inventor: Peter Frederick Clark, Ware, [56] References Cited England UNITED STATES PATENTS Assignee: xerox c p Stamford. 3,566,223 2/l97l Salger 250/326 Conn.

Primary Examiner-James W. Lawrence Flkdi June 1974 Assistant ExaminerT. N. Grigsby [2|] App]. No.: 478,208

[57] ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Applicamm Priority Data A corona generating device including a coronode con- I nected between mountings wherein at least one of the 2L Umted Kmgdom 59527/73 mountings comprises a fixed plastic member and a movable plastic member, the members interacting if F' 250/325; 7,262 A through resilient means to urge the movable member 1 zi in the direction of the adjacent end of the device.

6 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures US Patent Sept. 23,1975 Sheet 1 of3 3,908,127

DRUM LE'B FIG. 2

2835*! FULCRUM 30 FIG. 5

US Patent Sept. 23,1975 Sheet 2 on 3,908,127

US Patent Sept. 23,1975 Sheet 3 of3 3,908,127

CORONA GENERATING DEVICES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to electrostatography. More particularly, this invention relates to corona generating devices for applying electrostatic charge onto a suitable surface.

The basic electrostatographic process is disclosed in US. Pat. No. 2,297,691. In this process an electrostatographic plate comprising a photoconductive insulating material on a conductive backing is given a uniform electric charge over its surface and is then exposed to the subject matter to be reproduced usually by conventional projection techniques. This exposure discharges the plate areas in accordance with the radiation intensity which reaches them and thereby creates an electrostatic latent image on or in the plate coating which may then be developed into visible form by applying a developer material, e.g., a powder, to the plate using any one of a number of development techniques generally known and used in the art. The developer material electrostatically clings to the plate in a visual pattern corresponding to the electrostatic image. Thereafter the developed image is usually transferred from the plate to a support material such as paper to which it may be fixed by any suitable means thereby forming a permanent print.

Instead of being developed by means ofa powder, the electrostatic latent image may be developed using liquid development techniques such as those described in US. Pat. No. 3,084,043, for example.

The charging ofthe electrostatographic plate in preparation for the exposure step can be accomplished by means of a corona generating device whereby electrostatic charge is applied to the electrostatographic plate to raise it to a potential of approximately 500 to 600 volts. One form of corona generating device for this purpose is disclosed in the US. Pat. No. 2,777,957 wherein a plurality of parallel wires are connected in series to a high voltage source and are supported in a conductive shield that is arranged in closely spaced relation to the surface to be charged. When the wires are energized, corona is generated along the surface of the wires and ions are caused to be deposited on the adjacent photoconductive surface. Suitable means are usually provided to effect relative movement of the surface to be charged and the corona generating device. Such a device may have a single corona wire.

it has heretofore been established that consistent high quality reproductions can best be obtained when uniform potential is applied to the electrostatographic plate in preparation of the plate for exposure step. If the electrostatographic plate is not charged to a sufficient potential, the electrostatic latent image obtained upon exposure will be relatively weak and the resulting deposition of developer material thereon will be correspondingly small. If, however, the eleetrostatographic plate is overcharged, the converse will occur and if overcharged sufficiently the photoconductive layer of the electrostatographic plate can be permanently damaged. The charging of an electrostatographie plate to a uniform potential is generally loosely referred to in the art as uniformly charging the plate and for convenience this expression is used hereinafter to refer to charging such a plate to a uniform potential.

Since the contrast value, comparable to the contrast values obtained from silver halide papers. of the electrostatic latent image may be related directly to the potential charge on the electrostatographic plate before exposure, it is apparent that ifthe plate is not uniformly charged over its entire area, the contrast value of the electrostatic latent image obtained upon exposure will vary in different areas on the plate, and an uneven or mottled effect will be visible on the image when developed.

A more uniform and controlled charge can be obtained by placing a biased wire screen between the corona wires and the electrostatographic plate. This screen, which may be insulated from or electrically connected to the shield, permits energizing the corona wires to a potential well above the corona threshold potential thereof without causing damage to the electrostatographic plate because the excess of corona current over that required for proper charging of the plate is drained off by the biased screen. This type of corona generating device is referred to in the art as a scorotron".

It is also important that the eoronode which is generally in the form of one or more fine wires stretched between mountings at opposite ends of the device be maintained in taut condition since slackness and kinks in the eoronode wires will result in non-uniformity of the charge applied to the electrostatographic plate. In order to ensure that the eoronode is maintained in suf ficiently taut condition it has heretofore been proposed to connect the eoronode wires to at least one of the end mountings by means of a tension spring. This has the desirable feature of enabling the wires to be mounted in the device under tension while reducing the possibility of the wires, which are extremely fine being generally of the order of 0.004 inch thick, being stretched beyond their eleastic limit during assembly. However, it will be realized that such an arrangement suffers from the disadvantage that the spring itself can be stretched beyond its elastic limit during assembly and it is an object of this invention to provide a resilient mounting for a corona generating device in which this disadvantage is alleviated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION To this end, the invention consists of a corona generating device including a eoronode connected between mountings, at least one of which comprises a fixed plastic member and a movable plastic member to which the associated end of the eoronode is attached, said members interacting through compressible resilient means which act to urge the movable member in the direction of the adjacent end of the device.

The resilient means may be of metal or plastic and may be formed integrally with one of the members or may be one or more separate elements, e.g.. one or preferably a pair of compression springs.

In a preferred form, the fixed member is generally channel-shaped in cross-section, the resilient means being arranged in recesses in the side walls thereof. and the movable member fits between the side walls and has lateral lugs which engage the resilient means.

In order to give the assembly maximum strength while keeping the assembly small, the bridge portion of the channel member is advantageously narrower than the side walls to provide a space into which a portion of the movable member, to which the end of the coronode is attached, extends.

The present invention is applicable to corona generating devices in general and in particular may be applied to a corona generating device as described and claimed in copending application Ser. No. 478i 82 filed concurrently with this application in the name of P. F. Clark, and assigned to the same assignee of this application, which comprises a coronode, a metal screen, a shield defined by upturned integral flanges on the screen and a support member of plastics material.

From another aspect the invention consists in, in an electrostatographic reproduction apparatus a corona generating device as described above.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In order that the invention may be more readily understood, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I is a schematic cross-section illustrating the operation of one embodiment of eleetrostatographic reproduction machine incorporating a corona generating device of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-section through one embodiment of corona generating device according to the invention and also incorporating features of a device as described in our aforementioned copending application;

FIG. 3 is an exploded view of one end of the embodiment shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the opposite end of the embodiment shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a side view of the movable member of the mounting shown in FIG. 4 illustrating the forces applied thereto when in use; and

FIGS. 6A and 6B schematically illustrat the way in which the shape of the corona emitted by the embodiment illustrated compares with that ofa scorotron having a channel metal shield.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, the general operation of an electrostatographic machine as illustrated will first be described with reference to FIG. I. A moving photoconductive plate, in this instance having an endless surface constituting the periphery of a drum 1, is first uniformly charged at a charging station 2 by a corona generating device of this invention and the surface then exposed at an exposure station 3 to a light pattern of the image sought to be reproduced thereby to discharge the charge in the area where light strikes the plate surface. The undischarged areas of the surface thus form an electrostatic charge pattern in conformity with the configuration of the original image pattern.

The electrostatic latent image is then developed into visible form by the development system 4 by applying liquid developer material to the plate. Subsequent to the development operation the now visable image is transferred from the plate to a sheet of final support material 5, such as paper or the like, thereby to form a permanent print, at a transfer station in accordance with the present invention schematically illustrated at 6. The paper or the like is fed to the transfer station by means (not shown) programmed to deliver the paper in synchronism with the arrival of the developed image.

Following transfer, residual developer remaining on the plate surface is removed by a cleaning blade 7 and collected for subsequent disposal. The plate is then further discharged or erased to a residual voltage pri r to a further electrostatographic cycle.

The development system of the illustrated embodiment employs the techniques described in US. Pat No. 3,084,043 in which the liquid developer is applied to the plate by means of an applicator. in this embodiment in the form ofa roll 8 having a peripheral surface comprising lands and valleys such that the liquid developer is contained in the valleys out of contact with the plate. while the surfaces of the lands are in contact with the plate. In such an arrangement the liquid developer is attracted from the valleys to the electrostatic latent image in image configuration. The illustrated embodiment exemplifies a typical example of such an arrangement in which the applicator is a rigid cylindrical member 8 having on its surface a pattern of grooves and ridges which comprise the lands and valleys. respectively, the liquid developer being maintained in the valleys below the surface of the lands.

As a plate surface bearing the electrostatic latent image and the applicator are brought into moving contact, the liquid developer is drawn to the plate surface from the valleys of the applicator roll by the charges which form the electrostatic latent image.

The applicator roll 8 is supplied with liquid developer by a developer supply roll 10 the lower portion of which is disposed in a tray 9 containing liquid developer. The surface of the developer supply roll 10 is arranged in liquid transfer relationship with the peripheral surface of the applicator roll 8 which later is, in operation, arranged in pressure contact with the surface of the drum 1. Means are provided for driving both of the rolls 8 and 9 in synchronism, or substantially so, with the drum 1.

Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 4, the illustrated embodiment of corona generating device according to the invention, comprises a coronode I l, a metal screen 12, a shield 13 defined by upturned, integral flanges along the side edges of the screen, and a support member 14 of plastic materials.

The integral screen/shield is of rectangular U-shaped channel section and is formed from a flat strip of metal by stamping or etching the strip to form an aperture 15 spanned by narrow webs l6 (seen in FIGS. 3 and 4), inclined to the length of the screen, and bending up the edges of the strip normal to the screen to form the flanges (shield elements) 13. For a device 12 inches long. the integral screen/shield is suitably formed from a strip of stainless steel 0.006 inch thick and l.25 inches wide and is stamped or etched to form an aperture or window I5, 9 inches long and 0.45 inches wide with webs 16, 0.008 inch wide and arranged at an angle of 45 to the longitudinal axis of the device, the strip being bent to form flanges 13, 0.375 inch high connected by a screen portion 0.5 inch wide.

The support member 14 is suitably extruded of a plastics material such as polyvinylchloride, or nylon. It has a generally rectangular channel-shape in cross section and the free edges of its side walls 14a have inturned lips I7 behind which the screen is retained as shown in FIG. 2. The plastics material is preferably of a rigid grade firmly to support and hold the screen in position with the shield elements of flanges l3 snugly fitted against side walls of the channel member.

With this construction, the channel section of the integral screen/shield gives strength to the screen and reduces distortion and the firm support afforded by the plastics member 14 reduces the possibility of distortion still further.

The back wall 14!: of the plastics channel member may be provided with suitable fixing means 18 for mounting the device in an electrostatographic machine. As shown in FIG. 2 the lips 17 extend beyond the screen 12 and the device is best arranged with these lips closely adjacent the surface of the electrostatographic plate 1. In this way the small gap between the lips 17 and the plate surface reduces air flow from the device so minimizing contamination carried by the inflow of replacement air. At the same time the lips afford protection to the electrostatographic plate surface from scratching by the metal screen.

The coronode 11 comprises, in the illustrated embodiment, a single stainless steel wire extending between mountings at opposite ends of the device which will be described below and arranged centrally between the shield elements 13. In the specific construction of the device having the dimensions given above, the wire 11 is suitably 0.004 inch in diameter and spaced 0.2 inch behind the screen 12.

By reason of the back of the device, i.e., the wall 14!; of member 14, being of non-conductive material the shape of the corona emitted by the device is altered from that exemplified by FIG. 6A for a corotron device having a wholly metal shield of channel shape, to that exemplified by FIG. 6B. Thus less current flows to the shield and the efficiency is improved. When setting up is required, the plastics channel member is made to touch the electrostatographic plate (drum) 1 and then moved away by a sufficient distance to avoid contact caused by eccentricity or other irregularities of the drum during rotation of the drum. When in use the coronode 1 1 is suitable connected to a high voltage source of say +7000 volts, the screen being biased to a potential of about +700 volts.

The mountings for the ends of the coronode wire 11 will now be described with reference to FIGS. 3 and 4. It is to be understood that any kinks or slackness of the wire will lead to non-uniform charging of the electrostatographic plate, slackness causing non-uniform spacing of the wire from the plate surface and also increasing the chances of vibration being set up in the wire while it is operating. In order to alleviate the problem of non-uniform charging due to these causes, one end mounting for the coronode wire I] (the one shown in FIG. 4) is constructed to tension the wire.

The mounting shown in FIG. 4 and which forms the subject of this invention comprises a fixed member 21 and a movable member 22 to which the associated end ofthe coronode wire 11 is attached. The two members 21 and 22 interact through compressible resilient means, compression springs 23 being shown, which act to urge the movable member 22 in the direction of the adjacent end of the devices. i.e.. outwardly.

The member 2] is generally channel-shaped in crosssection with the bridge portion 210 connecting the side walls 21!: being narrower than the latter to form a cutout" or space 24 at the inboard end of the member. The compression springs 23 are mounted in recesses comprising grooves 25a extending from the outboard ends ofthe side wall 21)) and terminating in bores 25h adjacent the inboard ends of the wide walls; and bores 25b are no longer than and preferably slightly shorter than the springs 23 when fully compressed and serve to hold the springs 23 against lateral movement.

The mounting member 21 is secured to the plastics channel member 14 by four lugs 26 with enlarged heads which engage in corresponding keyhold slots 27 in the back wall 14b of the member 14.

The movable member 22 is slidably mounted between the side walls 21b of the mounting member 2] and is provided with lateral lugs 28 which engage in the grooves 25a and act against the outbound ends of the springs 23. The member 22 is provided with an upstanding portion 22a at its inboard end which fits into the space 24 and has attachment means. in the form of a V-slot 29, for the end of the coronode wire II. The member 22 is thus generally L-shaped in longitudinal section with the lugs 28 on one limb and the attachment means 29 on the other limb. Frictional forces, as member 22 slides over the back 14b of the member 14, are kept to a minimum by the provision on member 22 of pimple-like feet 30.

Preferably the members 21 and 22 are plastics moldings (they may be molded for example ofa polycarbonate or an acrylic material), and good electrical insulation of the coronode from the screen 12 and shield 13 and also, where they are of metal, the springs 23, is ensured. An end piece 31 which is also a plastics molding, is secured in position by a screw 32 fixed through the screen 12.

The end of the coronode wire 11 is secured to the movable attachment member 22 of the mounting by knotting or crimping the end of the wire, as shown for example, and pushing it into the V-slot 29. The degree of tension applied to the wire 11 is indicated by the position ofa member 33 on the member 22 relation to the maximum and minimum tension markers 34 on the member 21. These markers are suitably defined by indentations in the plastics moldings. The compression springs 23 counteract any creep or stretching of the coronode wire and unlike tension springs they cannot be overstretched during assembly or use.

It will be noted that the design of the resilient mounting assembly described above ensures that a high degree of positional accuracy of the coronode wire is maintained as will be understood if reference is made to FIG. 5. The lugs 28 on attachment member 22 are aligned by their engagement in the grooves 25a and the fulcrum between the lugs 28 and springs 23 is so ar ranged that the inboard feet 30 of member 22 are urged firmly against the back wall 14b of the member 14.

The resilient mounting may be assembled with ease. The springs 23 are dropped into the recesses 25 in the member 2| and the member 22 is pushed into position, being tilted during this operation so as to insert the portion 22a beyond the bridge piece 210 of member 21, the grooves 25a being suitably enlarged adjacent their outboard ends for this purpose. (The portion 22a of member 22 is provided with Iip portions 35 which engage behind a bevelled edge 36 of the bridge portion 210 of the member 21 due to the members being urged together by the springs 23 in the absence of the tensioning effect of the coronode wire 11. Thus. the moldings 21 and 22 are so shaped that due to the spring pressure the assembly does not fall apart)v The assembly is then pushed into the end of the extruded channel member I4 and the coronode wire 11 is knotted or crimped and inserted in the V-slot 29. Finally the screen is secured in position being held by the end piece 31 to which it is connected engaging behind the lips 17 of the channel member [4. (It will be understood that during assembly, the mounting at the other end of the device will also be fitted in position as will become apparent from the description thereof given hereinbelow). Since the elements of the mounting assembly do not fall apart when removed from the extruded channel member 14, the mounting assembly may be removed for replacement of the coronode 11 without fear of the springs 23 becoming detached and perhaps lost. Also, it is to be noted that disassembly is facilitated by the end piece 31 which serves as a handle for the removal of the screen/- shield 12, 13.

Referring to FIG. 3, the coronode mounting at the opposite end of the above described device is also of plastic material. A plastic molding 4] which is generally channel-shaped in horizontal cross-section is secured to the back wall 14b of the member 14 in like manner to the member 21, i.e., by means of headed lugs 42 engaging in keyhold slots 43 in the back wall 14b. The end of the coronode wire 11 is looped and secured with a metal connector 44 to the back wall 14b of member 14 by a screw 45 which enters a tapped hole 46 in wall 14b. The coronode wire passes through a slot 47 in the member 41 which serves to position the coronode wire 11 at that end. A plastics end molding 48 like the molding 31 is secured to the screen/shield by a screw 49 and engages behind the lips of 17 of member 14. A slot 50 in this end piece 48 is provided through which the connector 44 extends. It will be understood that during assembly of the device illustrated, this mounting is best secured in position with the coronode wire 11 attached thereto before the resilient mounting at the other end of the device is placed in position and has the other end of the coronode wire ll attached thereto. The end pieces 31, 48 and the screen/shield are then assembled.

it will be noted that at both ends of the device the coronode 11 is electrically well insulated from the screen/shield and where possible air gaps are filled with plastic material to reduce the possibility of arcing. While a particular embodiment has been described above, it will be realized that various modifications may be made to the specific details referred to herein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. For example, while the screen/shield of the illustrated embodiment is formed from sheet metal, it could be formed by bending to shape a wire mesh of suitable dimensions. Or the aperture 15 of the screen may be stamped or etched with a plurality of small apertures, for example each aperture being diamond shaped, separated by narrow webs. In another form. the aperture 15 may extend towards the edges of the strip in order that the bending up of the strip normal to the screen to form the flanges (shield elements) 13 takes place on the physically weaker area created by the aperture 15, thus facilitating bending without distortion of the screen/shield.

What is claimed is:

l. A corona generating device, including a coronode connected between mountings, at least one of which comprises a fixed member and a movable member, to which the associated end of the coronode is attached, said members interacting through compressible resilient means which act to urge the movable member in the direction of the adjacent end of the device, said fixed member being generally channel-shaped in crosssection, said channel-shaped cross-section being defined by side walls extending from a common bridging wall in a direction away from said adjacent end, the resilient means being arranged in recesses in the side walls of said fixed member and said movable member having lateral lugs which engage the resilient means.

2. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the resilient means comprises compression springs.

3. A device as claimed in claim I, wherein relative position markers are provided on said fixed and movable members.

4. A device as claimed in claim I further including a channel shaped support having a plurality of recesses, and further wherein said fixed member has flanges which extend into said recesses in said support memher.

5. The device claimed in claim 1 further including an elongated support member which is channel-shaped in cross-section, said support member having at least one recess adjacent one end thereof and further wherein said fixed member is carried in the channel in said support member adjacent said one end and includes a lug which interfits into said recess.

6. The combination recited in claim I wherein said side walls and bridging wall jointly form a recess in which said movable member is located.

Claims (6)

1. A corona generating device, including a coronode connected between mountings, at least one of which comprises a fixed member and a movable member, to which the associated end of the coronode is attached, said members interacting through compressible resilient means which act to urge the movable member in the direction of the adjacent end of the device, said fixed member being generally channel-shaped in cross-section, said channelshaped cross-section being defined by side walls extending from a common bridging wall in a direction away from said adjacent end, the resilient means being arranged in recesses in the side walls of said fixed member and said movable member having lateral lugs which engage the resilient means.
2. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the resilient means comprises compression springs.
3. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein relative position markers are provided on said fixed and movable members.
4. A device as claimed in claim 1 further including a channel shaped support having a plurality of recesses, and further wherein said fixed member has flanges which extend into said recesses in said support member.
5. The device claimed in claim 1 further including an elongated support member which is channel-shaped in cross-section, said support member having at least one recess adjacent one end thereof and further wherein said fixed member is carried in the channel in said support member adjacent said one end and includes a lug which interfits into said recess.
6. The combination recited in claim 1 wherein said side walls and bridging wall jointly form a recess in which said movable member is located.
US3908127A 1973-12-21 1974-06-11 Corona generating devices Expired - Lifetime US3908127A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4099219A (en) * 1976-12-17 1978-07-04 Xerox Corporation Coronode tensioning and support arrangement
US4118751A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-10-03 Xerox Corporation Coronode connection arrangement
US4227235A (en) * 1978-04-03 1980-10-07 Peter Bishop Static neutralizer
US4551784A (en) * 1984-06-29 1985-11-05 Xerox Corporation Corona generating device
US4575329A (en) * 1984-01-09 1986-03-11 Andreas Ahlbrandt Electrode element for corona treater
US5324941A (en) * 1993-01-05 1994-06-28 Xerox Corporation Tension support mounting for a corona generating device
US5335050A (en) * 1993-09-13 1994-08-02 Xerox Corporation Adjustable support assembly
US6900436B1 (en) * 2000-10-14 2005-05-31 Eastman Kodak Company Corona wire tensioning mechanism
US20060269326A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Xerox Corporation Dicorotron having a shield insert
EP1837711A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-26 Murata Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Charging device, photoconductive drum unit, and image forming device
US20100073842A1 (en) * 2005-06-22 2010-03-25 Smc Corporation Neutralization apparatus

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1604999A (en) * 1978-05-31 1981-12-16 Deborah Fluidised Combustion Boilers

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3566223A (en) * 1966-12-27 1971-02-23 Lumoprint Zindler Kg Charging devices for electrostatic copiers

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3566223A (en) * 1966-12-27 1971-02-23 Lumoprint Zindler Kg Charging devices for electrostatic copiers

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4099219A (en) * 1976-12-17 1978-07-04 Xerox Corporation Coronode tensioning and support arrangement
US4118751A (en) * 1977-05-31 1978-10-03 Xerox Corporation Coronode connection arrangement
US4227235A (en) * 1978-04-03 1980-10-07 Peter Bishop Static neutralizer
US4575329A (en) * 1984-01-09 1986-03-11 Andreas Ahlbrandt Electrode element for corona treater
US4551784A (en) * 1984-06-29 1985-11-05 Xerox Corporation Corona generating device
US5324941A (en) * 1993-01-05 1994-06-28 Xerox Corporation Tension support mounting for a corona generating device
US5335050A (en) * 1993-09-13 1994-08-02 Xerox Corporation Adjustable support assembly
US6900436B1 (en) * 2000-10-14 2005-05-31 Eastman Kodak Company Corona wire tensioning mechanism
US20060269326A1 (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-11-30 Xerox Corporation Dicorotron having a shield insert
US20100073842A1 (en) * 2005-06-22 2010-03-25 Smc Corporation Neutralization apparatus
US7920368B2 (en) * 2005-06-22 2011-04-05 Smc Corporation Static Eliminator
EP1837711A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-26 Murata Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Charging device, photoconductive drum unit, and image forming device
US20070223961A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-27 Murata Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha Charging device, photoconductive drum unit, and image forming device
US7570902B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2009-08-04 Murata Machinery, Ltd. Charging device, photoconductive drum unit, and image forming device
CN101042551B (en) 2006-03-23 2011-03-23 村田机械株式会社 Charging device, photoconductive drum unit, and image forming device

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