US3894199A - Electret electrostatic electroacoustic transducer - Google Patents

Electret electrostatic electroacoustic transducer Download PDF

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Publication number
US3894199A
US3894199A US9077170A US3894199A US 3894199 A US3894199 A US 3894199A US 9077170 A US9077170 A US 9077170A US 3894199 A US3894199 A US 3894199A
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Prior art keywords
electrets
connected
electroacoustic transducer
terminal
vibrating film
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Masahiko Tamura
Kiyonori Iwama
Mitsuo Asahina
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Pioneer Corp
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Pioneer Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R19/00Electrostatic transducers
    • H04R19/01Electrostatic transducers characterised by the use of electrets
    • H04R19/013Electrostatic transducers characterised by the use of electrets for loudspeakers

Abstract

An electrostatic electroacoustic push-pull type transducer wherein a vibrating film is not connected to any signal terminal. One terminal of a step-up transformer is connected to one fixed electrode, and the other terminal of the transformer is connected to another fixed electrode.

Description

United States Patent [191 Tamura et al.

[ July 8,1975

[ ELECTRET ELECTROSTATIC ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER [75] Inventors: Masahiko Tamura; Kiyonori Iwama,

both of Tokorozawa; Mitsuo Asahina, Tokyo, all of Japan [73] Assignee: Pioneer Electronic Corporation, Tokyo, Japan [22] Filed: Nov. 18, 1970 211 Appl. No.: 90,771

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Nov. 19, 1969 Japan 44-92079 [52] US. Cl 179/111 E [51] Int. Cl H041 19/00 [58] Field of Search 179/111 R, 111 E [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,118,022 1/1964 Sessler 179/111 E 3,474,197 10/1969 Koukal 179/111 E 3,646,280 2/1972 Tamura 179/111 E FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 494,221 6/1926 Germany 179/111 E 1,147,423 4/1969 United Kingdom 179/111 E Primary Examinerl(athleen H. Claffy Assistant ExaminerGeorge G. Stellar Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Sughrue, Rothwell, Mion, Zinn & Macpeak [5 7] ABSTRACT An electrostatic electroacoustic push-pull type transducer wherein a vibrating film is not connected to any signal terminal. One terminal of a step-up transformer is connected to one fixed electrode, and the other terminal of the transformer is connected to another fixed electrode.

4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures ELECTRET ELECTROSTATIC ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates generally to an electrostatic electroacoustic transducer, and more particularly to a novel and improved push-pull type transducer using an electret.

2. Description of the Prior Art Prior art push-pull electrostatic electroacoustic transducers, such as a speaker, generally comprise a vibrating film, two electrodes and a holding member which holds the vibrating film between the two electrodes. A polarization voltage is applied to the film and a potential is applied across the electrodes through a step-up transformer.

The prior art devices have many disadvantages. First, the polarization voltage E is large and therefore a larger conductor for the polarizing voltage is required. Second, the step-up transformer must be provided with a center tap to boost and divide an input signal and to place opposing potentials on the fixed electrodes. Third, a vibrating film must be connected to the center tap of the step-up transformer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is therefore the primary object of this invention to provide a novel and improved electrostatic electroacoustic transducer in which above mentioned defects are overcome.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an electrostatic electroacoustic transducer, using an electret, which is simple in construction and inexpensive to produce.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a sectional plan view of a prior art push-pull electrostatic electroacoustic transducer showing its principle.

FIG. 2 is a sectional plan view of a push-pull electrostatic electroacoustic transducer of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Prior art push-pull type electrostatic electroacoustic transducers are constructed as shown in FIG. 1. A holdv ing member 11, made of an insulating material, holds two fixed electrodes 12. A vibrating film 13 is positioned between the electrodes. Fixed electrodes 12 have many holes which pass the acoustic radiation. A polarization voltage E0 is applied across the vibrating film l3 and each fixed electrode through a step-up transformer 14 and a resistor R0. The primary winding of the step-up transformer 14 is connected to a signal source 15. The potential of both fixed electrodes is supplied by an alternating signal of the signal source 15. The potential of the two fixed electrodes is opposing. That is, when one is positive, the other is negative.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In FIG. 2, fixed electrodes 21 and 22 face each other. They comprise back electrodes 211 and 221, and electrets 212 and 222 which are affixed to the back electrodes. The fixed electrodes 21 and 22 have many holes which pass acoustic radiation. The potential of the facing surfaces of the two electrets is same. A vibrating film 23 is positioned between the fixedelectrodes 21 and 22. The vibrating film 23 is electroconductive at least at its surface. Holding member 24 is made of an insulated material, and holds the fixed electrodes 21 and 22 and the vibrating film 23. One terminal of the secondary winding of step-up transformer 25 is connected to the fixed electrode 21, and the other terminal is connected to the fixed electrode 22. A signal source 26 is connected to the primary winding of step-up transformer 25.

In operation, when facing surfaces of electrets 212 and 222 are positive, both surfaces of the vibrating film 23 are negative. The vibrating film 23 assumes a negative charge because it has an electroconductive surface and is positioned between the two positively charged electrets. When an alternating signal from signal source 26 is stepped-up by transformer 25 and applied to the fixed electrodes 21 and 22, the positive potential of one electret, for example electret 212, is increased and that of the other electret is decreased during a half cycle of the signal. Thereby, the vibrating film 23 is biased toward the electret 212. Then during next half cycle of the signal, the vibrating film 23 is biased toward the other electret 222. This process is cyclicly repeated, vibrating film 23. As can be seen, the vibrating film 23 is not connected electrically to the electrets.

The present invention, as described hereinabove, gives many improvements over prior art devices. First, the vibrating film is not connected electrically, therefore the construction becomes simple and poor connections will not occur. Second, a polarization source and the center tap of the step-up transformer is unnecessary, therefore the transducer may be small in size, light in weight and inexpensive to produce.

While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

We' claim:

1. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer comprising first and second electrets positioned to face each other, said electrets having identical potentials on their-facing surfaces, first and second back electrodes affixed to said first and second electrets, a vibrating film positioned between said electrets, said film being electroconductive on its surface, and a signal source wherein one terminal of said source is connected to said first back electrode and the other terminal is connected to said second back electrode.

2. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer is set forth in claim 1, further comprising a holding means for holding said electrets, said back electrodes and said vibrating film.

3. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer comprising first and second electrets positioned to face each other, said electrets being identically charged on facing surfaces, first and second back electrodes affixed to said first and second electrets, a vibrating film positioned between said electrets, said film being electroconductive on its surface, a step-up transformer having a primary and secondary winding wherein one terminal of the secondary winding is connected to said first back electrode and the other terminal of said secondary Winding is connected to said second back electrode, and a signal source connected to said primary winding of said step-up transformer.

4. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer as set forth in claim 3, further comprising a holding means for holding said electrets, said back electrodes and said vibrating film.

Claims (4)

1. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer comprising first and second electrets positioned to face each other, said electrets having identical potentials on their facing surfaces, first and second back electrodes affixed to said first and second electrets, a vibrating film positioned between said electrets, said film being electroconductive on its surface, and a signal source wherein one terminal of said source is connected to said first back electrode and the other terminal is connected to said second back electrode.
2. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer is set forth in claim 1, further comprising a holding means for holding said electrets, said back electrodes and said vibrating film.
3. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer comprising first and second electrets positioned to face each other, said electrets being identically charged on facing surfaces, first and second back electrodes affixed to said first and second electrets, a vibrating film positioned between said electrets, said film being electroconductive on its surface, a step-up transformer having a primary and secondary winding wherein one terminal of the secondary winding is connected to said first back electrode and the other terminal of said secondary winding is connected to said second back electrode, and a signal source connected to said primary winding of said step-up transformer.
4. An electrostatic electroacoustic transducer as set forth in claim 3, further comprising a holding means for holding said electrets, said back electrodes and said vibrating film.
US3894199A 1969-11-19 1970-11-18 Electret electrostatic electroacoustic transducer Expired - Lifetime US3894199A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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JP9207969A JPS4840084B1 (en) 1969-11-19 1969-11-19

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US3894199A true US3894199A (en) 1975-07-08

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US3894199A Expired - Lifetime US3894199A (en) 1969-11-19 1970-11-18 Electret electrostatic electroacoustic transducer

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US (1) US3894199A (en)
JP (1) JPS4840084B1 (en)
CA (1) CA949674A (en)
DE (1) DE2055683B2 (en)
FR (1) FR2067388A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1302430A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942029A (en) * 1973-07-23 1976-03-02 Sony Corporation Electrostatic transducer
EP0008237A1 (en) * 1978-08-10 1980-02-20 Shigeo Okubo A sensor for generating electrical signals representative of relative motion
US5097515A (en) * 1988-11-30 1992-03-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Electret condenser microphone
US20040113526A1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2004-06-17 Kari Kirjavainen Electromechanical transducer and method for transforming energies
US20060072770A1 (en) * 2004-09-22 2006-04-06 Shinichi Miyazaki Electrostatic ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic speaker
US20060182293A1 (en) * 2004-09-16 2006-08-17 Hirokazu Sekino Ultrasonic transducer, ultrasonic speaker, acoustic system, and control method of ultrasonic transducer
EP1718107A2 (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-02 Panphonics Oy Electrostatic transducer, method for connecting the same and manufacturing method
US20090016551A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Industrial Technology Research Institute Electrostatic electroacoustic transducers
US20090060234A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-05 Industrial Technology Research Institute Speaker structure
US20090067648A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-12 Industrial Technology Research Institute Structure and manufactruring method of electrostatic speaker
US20090154730A1 (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-06-18 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab Electrostatic Speaker Arrangement for a Mobile Device
US20100024198A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Industrial Technology Research Institute Methods of making speakers
US20100104116A1 (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-04-29 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker unit and speaker device therewith
US20100158284A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-24 Industrial Technology Research Institute Assembly structure of a flat speaker
US20100208932A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-08-19 Industrial Technology Research Institute Multi-directional flat speaker device
US20100260370A1 (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-14 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker structure
US20110033079A1 (en) * 2009-08-10 2011-02-10 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat loudspeaker structure
US20110146056A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 Industrial Technology Research Institute Method and device of manufacturing speaker
US20120002826A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Tsung-Hung Wu Electret electroacoustic transducer
US20120106761A1 (en) * 2010-11-03 2012-05-03 Industrial Technology Research Institute Driving interface device adaptive to a flat speaker
US8625824B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2014-01-07 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker unit and speaker device therewith
US20140013581A1 (en) * 2010-07-15 2014-01-16 Taiwan Electrets Electronics Co., Ltd. Electrostatic speaker and manufacturing method thereof and conductive backplate of the speaker
WO2014100012A1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-26 The Regents Of The University Of California Electrostatic graphene speaker
US20160164433A1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-09 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Piezoelectric element including mesoporous piezoelectric thin film

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA989514A (en) * 1972-09-08 1976-05-18 Loh-Yi Chang Electromechanical transducer and method of making same

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3118022A (en) * 1961-08-07 1964-01-14 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electroacoustic transducer
US3474197A (en) * 1964-10-24 1969-10-21 Tesla Np Electret microphone
US3646280A (en) * 1969-08-28 1972-02-29 Pioneer Electronic Corp Backplate for electret loudspeaker

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3118022A (en) * 1961-08-07 1964-01-14 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electroacoustic transducer
US3474197A (en) * 1964-10-24 1969-10-21 Tesla Np Electret microphone
US3646280A (en) * 1969-08-28 1972-02-29 Pioneer Electronic Corp Backplate for electret loudspeaker

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942029A (en) * 1973-07-23 1976-03-02 Sony Corporation Electrostatic transducer
EP0008237A1 (en) * 1978-08-10 1980-02-20 Shigeo Okubo A sensor for generating electrical signals representative of relative motion
US5097515A (en) * 1988-11-30 1992-03-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Electret condenser microphone
US20040113526A1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2004-06-17 Kari Kirjavainen Electromechanical transducer and method for transforming energies
US7376239B2 (en) * 2001-04-11 2008-05-20 Panphonics Oy Electromechanical transducer and method for transforming energies
US7542579B2 (en) * 2004-09-16 2009-06-02 Seiko Epson Corporation Ultrasonic transducer, ultrasonic speaker, acoustic system, and control method of ultrasonic transducer
CN1750716B (en) 2004-09-16 2011-12-21 精工爱普生株式会社 The method of controlling an ultrasonic speaker, the acoustic system and the ultrasonic transducer
US20090202088A1 (en) * 2004-09-16 2009-08-13 Seiko Epson Corporation Ultrasonic transducer, ultrasonic speaker, acoustic system, and control method of ultrasonic transducer
US7949143B2 (en) * 2004-09-16 2011-05-24 Seiko Epson Corporation Ultrasonic transducer, ultrasonic speaker, acoustic system, and control method of ultrasonic transducer
US20060182293A1 (en) * 2004-09-16 2006-08-17 Hirokazu Sekino Ultrasonic transducer, ultrasonic speaker, acoustic system, and control method of ultrasonic transducer
US20060072770A1 (en) * 2004-09-22 2006-04-06 Shinichi Miyazaki Electrostatic ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic speaker
US7668323B2 (en) * 2004-09-22 2010-02-23 Seiko Epson Corporation Electrostatic ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic speaker
EP1718107A2 (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-02 Panphonics Oy Electrostatic transducer, method for connecting the same and manufacturing method
EP1718107A3 (en) * 2005-04-28 2010-10-27 Panphonics Oy Electrostatic transducer, method for connecting the same and manufacturing method
US8559660B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2013-10-15 Industrial Technology Research Institute Electrostatic electroacoustic transducers
US20090016551A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Industrial Technology Research Institute Electrostatic electroacoustic transducers
US8625824B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2014-01-07 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker unit and speaker device therewith
US20090060234A1 (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-05 Industrial Technology Research Institute Speaker structure
US8107651B2 (en) 2007-09-04 2012-01-31 Industrial Technology Research Institute Speaker structure
US8155356B2 (en) 2007-09-06 2012-04-10 Industrial Technology Research Institute Structure and manufacturing method of electrostatic speaker
US20090067648A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2009-03-12 Industrial Technology Research Institute Structure and manufactruring method of electrostatic speaker
US20090154730A1 (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-06-18 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab Electrostatic Speaker Arrangement for a Mobile Device
US8184833B2 (en) * 2007-12-14 2012-05-22 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab Electrostatic speaker arrangement for a mobile device
US20100024198A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Industrial Technology Research Institute Methods of making speakers
US8196282B2 (en) * 2008-08-01 2012-06-12 Industrial Technology Research Institute Methods of making speakers
US20100027814A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Industrial Technology Research Institute Speaker devices
US8139794B2 (en) 2008-08-01 2012-03-20 Industrial Technology Research Institute Speaker devices
US8391520B2 (en) 2008-10-24 2013-03-05 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker unit and speaker device therewith
US20100104116A1 (en) * 2008-10-24 2010-04-29 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker unit and speaker device therewith
US20100158284A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-24 Industrial Technology Research Institute Assembly structure of a flat speaker
US8243966B2 (en) 2008-12-18 2012-08-14 Industrial Technology Research Institute Assembly structure of a flat speaker
US8126189B2 (en) 2009-02-13 2012-02-28 Industrial Technology Research Institute Multi-directional flat speaker device
US20100208932A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2010-08-19 Industrial Technology Research Institute Multi-directional flat speaker device
US8594349B2 (en) 2009-04-09 2013-11-26 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker structure
US20100260370A1 (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-14 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat speaker structure
US20110033079A1 (en) * 2009-08-10 2011-02-10 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat loudspeaker structure
US8385586B2 (en) 2009-08-10 2013-02-26 Industrial Technology Research Institute Flat loudspeaker structure
US20110146056A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2011-06-23 Industrial Technology Research Institute Method and device of manufacturing speaker
US8322018B2 (en) 2009-12-23 2012-12-04 Industrial Technology Research Institute Method of manufacturing speaker
US20120002826A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Tsung-Hung Wu Electret electroacoustic transducer
US20140013581A1 (en) * 2010-07-15 2014-01-16 Taiwan Electrets Electronics Co., Ltd. Electrostatic speaker and manufacturing method thereof and conductive backplate of the speaker
US20120106761A1 (en) * 2010-11-03 2012-05-03 Industrial Technology Research Institute Driving interface device adaptive to a flat speaker
US8588438B2 (en) * 2010-11-03 2013-11-19 Industrial Technology Research Institute Driving interface device adaptive to a flat speaker
WO2014100012A1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-26 The Regents Of The University Of California Electrostatic graphene speaker
US20160164433A1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-09 Samsung Display Co., Ltd. Piezoelectric element including mesoporous piezoelectric thin film

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS4840084B1 (en) 1973-11-28 grant
CA949674A (en) 1974-06-18 grant
CA949674A1 (en) grant
DE2055683B2 (en) 1972-10-05 application
DE2055683A1 (en) 1971-06-03 application
GB1302430A (en) 1973-01-10 application
FR2067388A1 (en) 1971-08-20 application

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