US389169A - Blanks - Google Patents

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US389169A US389169DA US389169A US 389169 A US389169 A US 389169A US 389169D A US389169D A US 389169DA US 389169 A US389169 A US 389169A
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    • B21K1/00Making machine elements
    • B21K1/44Making machine elements bolts, studs, or the like
    • B21K1/46Making machine elements bolts, studs, or the like with heads


(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1..
Patented 4 E. my
INVENTDH. @NWN/b ooms.
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(No Model.) 2 sheets-sheen 2.
0.1111808888. MACHINE FOR MAKING SCREW BLANKS. 1510.888189. Patented Sept. 4, 1888. i
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 389,169, dated September 4, 1888.
(No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, CHARLES, D. ROGERS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Feeding Mechanism for Machines for Making Screw- Blanks; and I do hereby declare the following to b e a full, clear, and exact description of ro the invention, such as will enable others skilled 1n the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the aecompanying drawings, and to letters or gures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
In an application for Letters Patent filed by me July 7, 1887, Serial No. 243,657, I have shown and described a machine for automatically making screw blanks, in which said 2o blanks are produced from a coil of wire the end of which is intermittingly fed along after 1t has been upset in a solid die to form the head and then severed. In my application just referred to the solid die has a hole through it of the size of the wire or stock, the hole being countersunk or enlarged at the front of the die, thereby forming the die proper, which is the counterpart of the head to be produced. In upsetting the metal into this cavity the wire 3o lying in the cylindrical hole of the solid dieblock is so expanded that its removal is attended with ccnsiderable difficulty, from the fact that the upsetting of the head is effected before the blank is severed from the coil of wire. Therefore, it is necessary to provide not onlya powerful clamping device to withstand the thrust of the headinghammers, but it is found that a feeding device capable of starting the wire from the die after the headinghammers have completed their work is very essential, supplemented and combined with a feeding mechanism arranged to continue and complete the feeding of the wire ahead the desired distance to produce a blank.
'Ihe object of myinvent-ion which forms the subject of this application is to provide a machine for making screw-blanks with improved means for automatically starting the headed Wire from the hole in the die, the movement 5o being continued and accelerated by a second or supplemental feeding device, which feeds the wire ahead the distance required and in advance of the action of the cutting-oft' dies which sever the blank 'from the coil of wire.
My invention consists, essentially, of two independent feed blocks or carriages mounted in ways and arranged to travel back and forth through the agency of suitably-shaped actuated cams and connections, each of the blocks being in halves and grooved to receive the 6o wire or stock, the lower halfof each block being connected with toggle-jointed levers,which in turn connect with the cams.
In the accompanying two sheets of drawings, Figure 1, Sheet l, represents a partial plan view of a machine for automatically making screw-blanks and provided with my improved feeding devices. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal central sectional view taken through the line m x of Fig. 1, showing the 7o headed wire advanced to its limit preparatory to being severed. Figs. 3, 4, 5., and 6 represent the action of the heading-hammers upon the end of the wire in producing the head. Fig. 7, Sheet 2, is a partial side view of the machine corresponding to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2. Fig. 8 is an end view in partial section, taken on line 0 o of Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is an enlarged side view in partial section, showing the feed-carriages, rbc., the for- 8o ward carriage being upon the point of advancing to force the headed blank from the solid die, the rear carriage being in its extreme position and resting against an adjustable stop. Fig. l() is a view corresponding to the S5 preceding figure after the blank has been severed from the wire, the forward carriage firmly grasping the wire and the rear carriage being in its extreme forward position; and Fig. 1l is a cross-sectional view taken 9c through the upper portion of one of the feedboxes.
A description of the several parts embodied in my improvement, together with the adjacent parts of the machine, is as follows:
C indicates the anvil portion of the ma chine, in which the solid heading-die D is mounted. Immediately at the rear of the die is arranged the wire-clamping device, which consists ofthe togglejointed levers r, an adroo justably-mounted thrust-block, w', and gripping-clamps r3. The upper half of the clamp is stationary and the lower half is secured to a guided connection, r', jointed to one of thelcvers r. A link, m, adapted to be actuated by a suitable cam, serves to alternately grip and release the wire. This arrangement, which, however, forms no part of my present invention, acts to rigidly clamp the wire while it is being upset into the die l) to form the head h,
and is released from the wire immediately' thereafter, so that the devices about to be described may act to force the wire from the die and push it ahead the desired distance to produce a blank. Y
In the drawings, H indicates a cross-head mounted and connected to reciprocate in ways. (See Fig. l.) To the front face of the crosshead a holder, G, is vertically mounted, in which is secured a series of heading-hammers, k, for upsettingthe end of the wire into the cavity of the die D. This also does not constitute a part of the present invention, the same being described and claimed in my application No. 243,657, before referred to.
To the front end of the machine is secured an extension or frame, B, having guides therein, in which the two feed-boxes A- are supported and mounted to reciprocate. These two boxes are substantially alike in construction, each being hollow and having links t' connected and arranged therein to produce a toggle-jointed lever. A thrust-block, t', rests in the bottom ofthe box to receive and support the lower link. A screw, t, tapped into the end of the box, affords means for nicely adjusting the grip or pressure. A cap, '0, is secured to the boX, the same having the upper half, a, of the feed-block secured thereto on its under side. (See Fig. 2.) The other or lower half, c2, of the feedblock is jointed to the upper link of the toggle-lever i. These feed-blocks are grooved to receive the wire w, substantially as described with reference to the gripping-clamps r3 and as shown in Fig. 11. The center pin, t, which constitutes the knee i of the toggle-lever, works in an elongated opening,f2, Fig. 9, formed in the. side of the feed-box. This slot is so arranged with reference to the center joint, that the ecnters of the three pins constituting the togglejoint cannot be exactly in line. An adjustably-mounted stop, f, serves to limit the movement of the center joint in the opposite direction.
Immediately in front of the forward feedboX and in line with the center of the die and the feed-blocks (the term front being now considered in the direction of the traveling wire) is secured to the anvil portionA C a stationary wire-guide, g, a guide, b, being secured to the front side of the rear or second feedbox. These guides assist to straighten the wire, and also serve to prevent its crimping while being fed along.
Mechanism for imparting motion to the feed-boxes is represented in Fig. 7, 825e. A cam, K, secured to a lower shaft, M, in connection with a pivoted lever, c3, engaging the cam, serves to vibrate a slotted lever, A', by means of a connecting-rod, c4. This slotted lever is secured to a short shaft, s. mounted at the front end of the machine. The rod c4 is jointed to a nut, c7, constructed to slide in said slot, by means of the screw 0" and handwheel e5. To the opposite end of the shaft s is secured a lever, l, having a link, Z, jointed to its upper end, which in turn is jointed to the center pin, i4, of the toggle-lever. This arrangementV obviously imparts an irregular reciprocating movement to the rear feed-box, A, corresponding to the contour of the cam K. The feed or length of wire to be cut off is controlled (within its limits) by the adjusting screw and nut mounted in the slotted lever A', the whole constituting the main feeding device. The otherffeed-boX, which acts to forcibly eject the headed wire from the die D, is connected as follows:
A cam, F, (having atotal throw7 of about one-quarter of an inch,) is secured to the shaft M, and by means of a pivoted lever, b3, and connecting-rod b4, jointed thereto and also to the center pin, it, of the front feed-box, A,
acts to impart a motion to it corresponding to the cams offset. An arrangement for automatically locking the starting feed-box in position preparatory to gripping the Wire and forcing it ahead is as follows:
u indicates a .two-armed lever pivotedV at u2 tof a stand secured to the frame B intermediatel of the two feed-boxes. The front end of the lever is provided with a hook, c, adapted to engage a lug, o', of the front box, A, the rear portion of the lever being provided with a cam-shaped slot, u', in which-a roll, us, attached to the rear feed-box, travels.
The joint operation of the feeding devices and connected mechanisms is substantially as follows: W'e will assume that the headed wire has just been fed ahead the proper distance, as shown in Figs. l and 2, and that the cut-oil' dies E are about to be advanced from opposite sides of themachine by means ofthe operatingconneetions d and cams d2, (shown by dotted lines,) the wire meanwhile being held firmly in position by the gripping-clamp r r and the rear. feed-block. After the blank has been severed from the coil of wire, the headinghammers k will successively act to upset the projecting wire (see Fig. 10) into the solid die D and form the slotted head h. During this operation of heading the revolution of the shaft M will cause thc rear feed-box to be forced rearwardly by the action of the cam K and connections and theretracting-spring d to the position shown in Fig. 9, and resting against the stop a.
It will be noticed that the roll ua, in connection with the slotted lever il., at the same time ICO IIO
automatically unlocks the forward feed-box' by lifting the catch o from the lug o of the box. Immediately preceding the unlocking or lifting of the catch, however, the revolution of the other cam, F, will cause the roll mounted in the end of the arm b3 to advance from the cam-surface f4, Fig. 7, to the concentric surface f3, thereby carrying the pin t* ahead in the slot]v2 to its limit, and thus firmly grip the wire by the vertical movement of the lower half of the feed-block a2. At the proper time, by means of the continuous revolution of the cam-shaft M, the enlargementf2 of the cam F will encounter the lever bs and advance the front feed-box, A, ahead about one-fourth of an inch. This latter movement, by reason of the grip of the feedblock upon the wire, carries the wire endwise a like distance in the same direction, thereby forcibly ejecting the headed wire from the die D. Now, while this is taking place the other cam, K, will have engaged the lever c3 and caused the togglejointed lever t of the rear feed-box to grip the wire substantially at the same instant that the forward feed-box ceases its action. The rear feed Will continue the movement of the wire (begun by the front feed) and advance it to its limit, the several parts then being substantially as represented in Fig. 2. I would state that the main gripping-clamp r3 is automatically released just prior to the action of the front feed-box. After the roll passes the cam projection f2, Fig. 7, it is immediately forced down upon the depressed surface f* of the cam n F, thereby forcing the feed-box in a rearward direction and releasing the wire from its grasp. At the same time, or while it is thus moving rearwardly, the advancing or rear feed-box depresses the front end of the lever 1t, thereby locking the forward boX in position preparatory to again feeding the Wire after the formation of the next head upon it.
By means ofthe mechanism before described it is obvious that a wire may be headed in a solid die and then be forced therefrom without bending the stock or roughening its surface.
As before stated, the feed may be readily adjusted, corresponding to thelength of screw to be produced.
I claiml. In a machine for making screw-blanks, the combination, with a solid die in which the head of the blank is formed and an intermittingly-actuated grippingclamp, ofashortstroke feed-box provided with a jointed clamp arranged and connected so as to slowly start the headed wire from the die, and asecond or supplemental feed-box having a similar clamp actuated by mechanism arranged to continue and complete the feeding of the wire ahead to form the blank, substantially as hereinbefore described.
2. In a machine of the class described, the combination of two wire-feeding devices each CII provided with a toggle-jointed and adjustablymounted lever connected with the grooved clamp to receive the wire, and cams for actuatingl the feeding devices, the same being so coustructed and timed that the first cam to act will force the headed wire from the die, immediately followed by the second cam, which completes the feeding of the wire to produce the blank.
3. Thecombinationofaheading-die,aclamp ing device, a guide, as g, for the wire, a shortstroke feed-box provided with means for intermittingly gripping and releasing the wire arranged to travel in close proximity to the mouth of said guide, and an auxiliary feedbox having means for intermittingly gripping and releasing the wire, substantially as hereinbefore described.
4. In a machine for making screw-blanks, the combination of an initial or short-stroke feed-box having toggle-jointed cam-actuated levers for clamping the wire and feeding it ahead, and a similarly jointed and actuated supplemental feed-box for continuing and completing the feeding of the wire begun by the first-named feeding device, substantially as set forth.
5. A feed-box of the class described, having a gripping-clamp adapted to receive the wire, a toggle-jointed lever mounted therein connected with the gripping-clamp, and adjusting-screws for controlling the movement of said lever, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
(i. The short-stroke feed-box, substantially as herein described, arranged to first clamp the wire and having mechanism for forcing the boX and wire ahead, combined with a supplemental feed-box having a guide, as b, secured thereto and having a clamp arranged to grasp the wire, and mechanism for actuating the clamp and carrying the feed -box and wire ahead to complete the feeding of the wire to produce a blank, and mechanism for releasing the clamps and returning the feed-boxes to the normal position.
7. The combination, with the forward feedbox, constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as described, and having a lug, as o', of the rear or supplemental feed-box, constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as set forth, and a locking-lever, as u, pivoted to the frame and engaging both feedboxes, whereby the forward feed-box is held in a stationary position until the wire is firmly clamped therein, followed by the movement of the rear feed-box, which automatically releases the lever from the forward box preparatory to feeding the wire to produce a blank.
S. The combination, with the two feed-boxes mounted one in advance of the other and provided with toggle-jointed levers arranged to actuate the gripping-clamps, of mounted cams connected with the feedboxes constructed and arranged so that the forward clamp will grasp IOO IIO
pleting the feeding of the wire to produce a.
In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
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