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US3891133A - Fastening element feed mechanism for an explosion charge-driven setting gun - Google Patents

Fastening element feed mechanism for an explosion charge-driven setting gun Download PDF

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Publication number
US3891133A
US3891133A US38409873A US3891133A US 3891133 A US3891133 A US 3891133A US 38409873 A US38409873 A US 38409873A US 3891133 A US3891133 A US 3891133A
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Prior art keywords
feed
mechanism
gun
magazine
muzzle
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Elmar Maier
Robert Tilg
Karl Walser
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Hilti AG
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Hilti AG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C5/00Manually operated portable stapling tools; Hand-held power-operated stapling tools; Staple feeding devices therefor
    • B25C5/16Staple-feeding devices, e.g. with feeding means, supports for staples or accessories concerning feeding devices
    • B25C5/1606Feeding means
    • B25C5/1624Feeding means employing mechanical feeding means
    • B25C5/1627Feeding means employing mechanical feeding means of incremental type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C1/00Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices
    • B25C1/08Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure
    • B25C1/10Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge
    • B25C1/18Details and accessories, e.g. splinter guards, spall minimisers
    • B25C1/182Feeding devices
    • B25C1/184Feeding devices for nails

Abstract

In an explosive charge-driven setting gun using a piston for inserting fastening elements into a receiving material, a feed mechanism is pivotally connected to the gun body so that it can selectively position fastening elements in alignment with the muzzle opening in the gun body and move the piston into the firing position. The feed mechanism forms a guideway for a magazine holding the fastening elements and a pawl in the feed mechanism moves the magazine for positioning the fastening elements in alignment with the muzzle opening. During each complete cycle of pivotal movement of the fastening mechanism, a fastening element is moved into the firing position and the pawl is displaced for moving the next fastening element into the firing position.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Maier et al.

1 1 FASTENING ELEMENT FEED MECHANISM FOR AN EXPLOSION CHARGE-DRIVEN SETTING GUN I75| Inventors: Elmar Maier, Feldkirch-Tsis.

Austria; Robert Tilg; Karl Walser, both of Schaan, Liechtenstein I73] Assignee: HiltiAktiengesellschaft.

Liechtenstein 1221 Filed: July 30. 1973 1211 Appl.No.:384,098

130] Foreign Application Priority Data Aug. 2. 1972 Germany n 2238105 [561 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1898 Young 227/136 X 11/1915 6/1972 Pomcroy 227/10 June 24, 1975 Maier 227/10 Passer 227/10 1 57 1 ABSTRACT In an explosive charge-driven setting gun using a piston for inserting fastening elements into a receiving material. a feed mechanism is pivotally connected to the gun body so that it can selectively position fastening elements in alignment with the muzzle opening in the gun body and move the piston into the firing position. The feed mechanism forms a guideway for a magazine holding the fastening elements and a pawl in the feed mechanism moves the magazine for positioning the fastening elements in alignment with the muzzle opening. During each complete cycle of pivotal movement of the fastening mechanism. a fastening element is moved into the firing position and the pawl is displaced for moving the next fastening element into the firing position.

14 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures FASTENING ELEMENT FEED MECHANISM FOR AN EXPLOSION CHARGE-DRIVEN SETTING GUN SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to an explosive charge-driven setting gun for inserting fastening elements. such as bolts. nails and similar anchoring elements. into a receiving material. preferably a hard receiving material. and. more particularly. it concerns the arrangement of a feed mechanism pivotally connected to the body ofthe setting gun so that fastening elements held in a magazine positioned within the feed mechanism can be moved into alignment with the muzzle opening in the gun.

Primarily to save time. there has been an increasing use of fastening element feeding devices with setting guns. As a rule. special setting guns are employed with mechanisms for feeding the fastening elements, held in a magazine. into the muzzle opening of the gun.

Setting guns which utilize a piston represent a safe and widely used type employed in combination with feeding mechanisms. For transmitting the driving energy from the explosive charge to the fastening element. the axially displaceable driving piston is used and it remains in the gun during the fastening process.

Since the driving piston must be positioned before each fastening operation from a forward position in the gun rearwardly into the firing position. such guns are normally provided with a manually operated piston re turn device. The mechanism for feeding the fastening elements into the gun muzzle has been separate from the piston return device.

It has been known to use setting guns which have a channel in the range of the muzzle which extends perpendicularly to the axis ofthc bore through the gun and serves to feed the fastening elements. held in a magazine. into the muzzle. However. the magazine feed has been effected manually and. as a result. is particularly time-consuming.

Other setting guns have been available which use a feed mechanism arranged on the gun barrel at the muzzle end and ensures a timed feed of the fastening elements held in a square loading magazine. into the muzzle ofthe gun. In this type of setting gun. the feed of the magazine is accomplished by a relatively complicated mechanism as the muzzle of the gun is pressed against the receiving material.

In these known setting guns. the return of the driving piston into the firing position is effected in an operation separate from the feed of the magazine. In addition to a considerable loss of time. the separate operations usually cause considerable technical difficulties.

If. by mistake. the driving piston is left in its forward position instead of being returned into the firing position. and the muzzle of the gun is pressed against the receiving material. the piston will block the feed of the magazine and will result in damage to the feed mechanism.

Another problem can develop in the known setting guns if the driving piston is returned to the firing position and the magazine is advanced the necessary amount to locate the next fastening element in position if there is no fastening element at that particular position for insertion into the muzzle end ofthe gun. Under such circumstances. if the explosive charge is detonated. there is no fastening element to stop the forward movement of the piston and considerable damage may result to the setting gun. Further. the magazine and other parts of the setting gun may be damaged if the piston is driven from the firing position and the magazine has not been advanced a sufficient distance to locate a fastening element in the path of the piston. As a result. the piston will strike against the body of the magazine and cause it to be damaged.

Therefore, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a setting gun with automatic feed of the fastening elements which avoids the above-listed disadvantages.

In accordance with the present invention. a feed mechanism is mounted on the setting gun so that it can be pivoted into a firing position with a fastening element inserted into the muzzle of the gun so that it moves the driving piston into its firing position. A control member within the feed mechanism assures the accurate feed of the magazine so that the fastening elements are aligned with the muzzle opening of the gun.

If the muzzle of the gun is pressed against the receiving material, the feed mechanism pivots into position so that a fastening element is aligned with the axis of the bore forming the muzzle. At the same time. the control member within the feed mechanism moves in the direction opposite to the feeding direction of the magazine by an amount equal to one stroke. that is the distance between two adjacent fastening elements in the magazine. As the feed mechanism is swung in toward the gun body. the fastening element to be driven into the receiving material. is inserted into the muzzle opening and displaces the driving piston rearwardly into its firing position. As a result. a special piston return device or a manual return is unnecessary.

If there is no fastening element in the magazine as the feed mechanism is moved inwardly toward the setting gun body. the driving piston is not displaced rearwardly into its firing position. Upon detonation of the explosive charge. the propellant gases do not drive the piston forwardly and no damage can result to the gun or the magazine.

To assure that the fastening element is properly centered on the forward end face of the piston. it is of particular advantage if the turning radius of the fastening element to be inserted into the muzzle is as large as possible.

For facilitating the introduction of the fastening element into the muzzle opening. it is helpful if the muzzle opening has a larger diameter than the remainder of the bore through the gun.

If the setting gun does not utilize a driving piston. the fastening element is positioned in the muzzle in the same manner and is located in its firing position.

Preferably. the feed mechanism includes a housing forming a guideway for the magazine and at least a portion of the control member extends into the guideway for engagement with the magazine. Further. the housing is shaped to mate with the muzzle end of the gun and it has an opening through which the fastening element and any part of the magazine attached to it can pass during the firing or insertion step. In such an arrangement. adapted particularly to the magazine form. trouble-free operation of the setting gun is ensured to as great an extent as is possible. since the control member is protected against mechanical damage and fouling. To effect a proper shearing ofthe disposable magazine in the region surrounding the fastening elements.

3 it is preferable if the edges of the opening in the hous ing. through which the element is driven. are sharp.

In the feed mechanism housing. a longitudinal channel is associated with the guidcway for the magazine so that the fastening elements positioned in and extending through the magazine. such as in strip-type magazines. can be passed through the housing along with the mag azinc. In most of the presently known magazines. the fastening elements are arranged perpendicularly to the feeding direction of the magazine. Accordingly. to position the fastening elements properly in the firing posi tion. after the feed mechanism has been pivoted in front of the muzzle opening of the gun. the guideway extends perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening in the gun.

Another feature of the invention is the axial displaceability of the control member within the feed mechanism. Such displaccability affords a particularly slim and convenient design of the feed mechanism. However. rotatable or pivotal control members can also be used.

To provide for the automatic feed of the magazine. one or a number of levers disposed in operative engagement with the control member. are connected to the setting gun and to the feed mechanism for actuating the control member as the feed mechanism is pivoted relative to the gun body. A strap connected at one end by a pin to the control member in the feeding mechanism and at its other end to another pin in the setting gun body. affords a particularly suitable lever. The connecting points of the lever are preferably located between the fulcrum of the feed mechanism and the muzzle opening in the setting gun.

Preferably. the lever is pivotally mounted on the set ting gun and the feed mechanism so that it can be displaced parallel to the direction of motion ofthe control member in effecting the movement of the magazine through the feed mechanism. The pivotal movement of the lever is assured by the pin connections to the setting gun and the feed mechanism, while the parallel displacement of the lever is achieved by mounting the pin connecting the lever to the feed mechanism within an elongated slot extending in the direction of movement of the magazine through the housing. The length of the slot is selected so that it corresponds to the length of the stroke or feed path of the control member and to the spacing of the fastening elements in the magazine which is the same as the spacing of the recesses in the sides of the magazine into which the control member fits. Accordingly. as the feed mechanism is pivoted relative to the gun body. the lever moves the control member back and forth by the amount sufficient to feed a fastening element for the extent of one spacing in the magazine.

The control member is provided as a single or multiple pawl with a finger which engages in the recesses provided in the magazine for moving it in the feeding direction. For reasons of space. it is preferable to use a flat bar for the pawl with a angularly bent portion at its end for engagement within the recesses in the magazine.

To ensure the accurate feed of the magazine so that a fastening element is aligned in front of the muzzle opening in the setting gun. the angularly bent end ofthe pawl is located in that portion of the feed mechanism adjacent the opening in it through which the fastening elements are driven into the receiving material. However. it is also possible to locate the angularly bent end of the pawl remote from the opening through the feed mechanism and to pro\ ide the magazine with an extension for guiding the feeding operation. The question of the location ofthe angularly bent end ofthe pawl is irrelevant if an endless fastening element magazine is used.

The positive engagement of the control member with the recesses in the magazine is assured by utilizing spring elements which bias the control member toward the magazine. However. the same effect can be obtained. for example. by an elastic pawl or by a rigid pawl having an elastic angularly bent end or finger which engages the recesses in the magazine.

In the interest of a compact design and high efficiency of the feed mechanism, it is preferable if a leaf spring is used as the spring element for biasing a rigid pawl. Though the leaf spring is preferred. other types of springs can also be used. for example. coil springs. To lock the magazine in position as the control member is being moved from one recess in the magazine to another. locking means are mounted within the feed mechanism housing for engagement in the recesses in the magazine. An additional advantage is obtained by the use of the locking means in that the magazine is held against a side wall of the guideway through the housing and assists in the exact positioning of the magazinc.

By locating the locking means adjacent the opening from the feed mechanism housing through which the fastening elements are driven. it is possible to ensure that the end section of the magazine is held in position during the firing operation.

One or a number of ball catches are suitable for use as the locking means. Such locking members ensure. on the one hand. an exact and to a great extent adjustable locking device. and. on the other hand. afford extremely low friction displacement of the magazine. Effective operation of the gun is possible if a return element is associated with the feed mechanism for returning it into a position angularly spaced from the muzzle opening in the gun. in limiting the displacement movement of the feed mechanism from the firing position. the slot in the feed mechanism housing. through which the pin connecting the lever to the control member extends. is particularly effective. Additionally. special stop means associated with the feed mechanism and with the setting gun can be used for the same purpose. A coil spring is suitable as the return element. preferably a tension spring. Other types of return elements can also be used which employ a tensioning. a shearing or a rotary force.

The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part ofthis disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention. its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its use. reference should be had to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which there is illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING In the drawing: FIG. I is a view. partly in section. of the combination of a setting gun and a feed mechanism in the inoperative position;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view through the feed mechanism taken along the line ll-ll in FIG. I; and

FIG. 3 is a sectional view through the feed mecha nism taken along the line lllIll in FIG. I.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In FIG. I the setting gun consists ofa gun body I having a muzzle 2 forming a muzzle bore 3 through which a driving piston 4 is axially displaceable. A feed mechanism 5 contains a disposable magazine 6 and is connected to the gun body by a lever 7. In addition. the feed mechanism 5 is pivotally connected to the gun body I by a bearing pin 8 located on the opposite side of the lever from the muzzle 2. A journal 9 is located on the lever 7 and another journal I] is positioned on the feed mechanism 5 and a tension spring I2 is connected to and extends between the journals and biases the lever 7 in a counterclockwise direction about a pin [3 mounted on the gun body. The spring-loaded lever 7 is connected to the feed mechanism 5 by means of a pin I4 which extends through a slot in the housing 5a of the feed mechanism. Due to the spring-loading action on the lever 7 the feed mechanism is normally held in an inoperative position pivoted outwardly from the gun body, note FIG. I.

In FIG. 2, it can be observed that the pin 14 extends inwardly into the housing 5a and a pawl I6 is secured on the inner end of the pin. The pawl 16 is located in a longitudinal recess 18 formed by the combination of the housing 5a and a plate 23 secured to the housing by screws 22. At the opposite end of the pawl 16 from its connection to the pin I4, a finger l7 angularly disposed to the main body of the pawl extends into a recess l9a in the magazine 6, the recess 19a is one of a similar number of recesses spaced longitudinally apart in the edges of the magazine. Within the recess 18, a leaf spring 21. associated with the pin I4, bears against the inside surface of the plate 23 and biases the finger I7 of the pawl 16 into engagement with the recess in the magazine 6. As can be seen in FIG. 3, the magazine is directed through the housing 511 of the feed mechanism 5 through a longitudinally extending guideway 24 and channels 25 extending normally to the guideway 24 and in communication with it afford passage of nails 26 held in the magazine 6 and spaced apart in the feeding direction. In the lower end of the housing So, as viewed in FIG. 2, a spring-loaded ball catch 27 engages in one of the recesses I) in the magazine and holds it in position. The ball catch 27 is located at the end of the housing 51: which swings or pivots in front of the muzzle 2 of the gun body I.

If the muzzle 2 of the setting gun is moved into engagement with the receiving material, the feed mechanism 5 is pivoted from the inoperative position shown in FIG. I inwardly toward the muzzle 2. As the housing 5a pivots toward a position where the guideway 24 is disposed substantially perpendicular to the axis of the muzzle bore 3, the slot 15 similarly changes orientation. and the movement of the housing causes the pin 14 to be displaced upwardly through the slot carrying the lever 7 with it. Asa result ofthe upward movement of the pin I4. the pawl 16 mounted on it is moved out of the recess I90 and is displaced a distance opposite to the feeding direction equal to the amount of movement of the pin through the slot so that the linger l7 rides along the edge of the magazine until it engages into the nest recess I9h. located above the recess 19:!

(ill

as illustrated in FIG. 2. During the movement of the pawl 16, the leaf spring 21 is compressed toward the wall 23 and the pin 14 is displaced in its axial direction an amount equal to the depth of the recesses 19 in the edge of the magazine 6.

During the movement of the pawl I6, the magazine is held in position within the guideway 24 by the ball catch 27.

As the housing 50 of the feed mechanism 5 swings inwardly toward the muzzle 2 of the gun, the head of the nail 2611. held in position to be driven from the magazine. strikes against the end face of the driving piston 4 and pushes it rearwardly into the gun body until it reaches its firing position.

To assure that the head of the nail 26a positively finds its way into the muzzle bore 3. a centering cone 28 is provided at the opening of the muzzle. When the feed mechanism is fully pivoted inwardly toward the gun body. the longitudinal axis of the guideway 24 extends normally of the axis of the driving piston 4 and the nail 26a is parallel to the driving piston axis.

With the driving piston in the firing position and the nail 26 aligned with it and ready to be inserted into the receiving material, an explosive charge is detonated within the gun body 1 driving the piston forwardly against the head of the nail for propelling the nail into the receiving material. During the driving action. the piston pushes the nail 26a through the receiving bore 29a in the magazine. As the nail moves forwardly, its head strikes against the surface of the magazine surrounding the bore 29a and the disc-like portion 330 of the magazine surrounding the nail is separated from the rest of the magazine body, and the separating action is facilitated by the arcuate slots 31a formed in the magazine body radially outwardly from the bore 29a and by the sharp-edged shoulders 32 on the housing 50 which define the edges of the opening 34 in the housing through which the nail passes as it is inserted into the receiving material. The driving operation is completed as soon as the disc-like portion 330 or the nail head strikes against the receiving material. With the nail inserted into the receiving material, the driving piston 4 is located in the position as shown in FIG. I.

After the completion of the driving operation. the setting gun is withdrawn from the receiving material. As the setting gun is withdrawn, the force which moved the feed mechanism 5 into the firing position is released and the force of the tension spring 12 acting on the lever 7 displaces the pin l4 through the slot 15 and pivots the feed mechanism outwardly from the muzzle 2 into the position illustrated in FIG. 1. During the downward movement of the pin [4 through the slot 15, the pawl 16 attached to the pin is moved in the feeding direction and its finger or angularly bent end 17 seated within one of the recesses 19 in the magazine. moves the recess from the recess position 1% to the recess position which distance is the center-to-center spacing between the fastening elements 26a. 26!). note FIGS. 1 and 2. Accordingly. the next nail 26b in the magazine is moved into position to be driven into the receiving material by the piston 4 and the magazine is locked in this position by the ball catch 27. As the nail 26b is moved forwardly. the disposable part 35 of the magazine 6 is moved out of the feed mechanism 5.

Setting guns of this type are especially suited for fastening element driving operations at locations to which access is difficult. such as attaching plates to the inner wall of a chill mold. When the setting gun is used in such an operation. it is provided with a combined supporting and operating bar 36. note Fl(j. I. which facilitates the positioning of the gun at the more or less remote point of insertion ofthc fastening element. lf necessary. the center ofgravity ofthe feed mechanism can be arranged on the bar 36.

While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail to illustrate the ap plication of the inventive principles. it will be undcrstood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.

What is claimed is:

l. Explosive charge-driven setting gun for inserting fastening elements. such as bolts. nails and the like into a receiving material. preferably a hard material. including a gun body having a muzzle opening. driving means mounted within said gun body and displaceable through said muzzle opening from a driving position rearwardly of said muzzle opening for inserting fastening elements one at a time into the receiving material. a feed mechanism arranged for feeding a magazine containing spaced fastening elements so that the fasten ing elements are successively positioned in alignment with and within the muzzle opening in said gun body for insertion into the receiving material. wherein the improvement comprises means for pivotally connecting said feed mechanism to said gun body for pivotally displacing said fced mechanism relative to said gun body between a first position in which a fastening element is aligned with and extends into the muzzle opening and displaces said driving means into the driving position with the magazine extending perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and a second position pivot ally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening with the magazine extending at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening. said feed mechanism comprises a housing forming a guideway for directing the passage of the magazine thercthrough. said feed mechanism includes means actuated by the pivotal movement of said feed mechanism for controlling the movement of the magazine and disposing the fastening elements through the feed mechanism into position for alignment with said muzzle opening so that one fastening element can be positioned within the muzzle opening. said means for controlling the movement of the magazine com prises a control element mounted in said housing and displace-ably positionable within said guideway. said housing has an opening alignable with the muzzle opening in said gun body when said feed mechanism is in the first position so that a fastening element positioned within the muzzle opening and any parts of the mag-a zine associated with the fastening element located within the muzzle opening can be displaced from said feed mechanism during the insertion operation.

2. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim I. wherein said means for connecting said feed mechanism to said body comprises a pin mounted in said body spaced from said muzzle opening therein and pivotally mounting said feed mechanism at the opposite end thereoffrom the opening alignable with the muzzle opening in the first position of said feed mechanism. and a lever in operative engagement with said control element. said lever being pivotally connected adjacent one end to said gun body and being slidably connected to said feed mechanism at its other end and actuating said control mechanism during the pivotal movement 8 of said feed mechanism. and said lever being slid-ably displaccable in said feed mechanism in the direction of the movement of the magazine therethrough.

3. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim I. wherein said driving means includes a fastening element driving piston axially displaceably positioned within the muzzle opening in said gun body and arranged to be displaced into the driving position when said feed mechanism is pivoted into its first position.

4. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim I. wherein said housing has a cutout on the opposite side thcreof from the opening through which the fastening elements are inserted into the receiving mate rial for accommodating the portion of said gun body containing the muzzle opening.

5. Explosive charge-driven setting gun for inserting fastening elements. such as bolts. nails and the like. into a receiving material. preferably a hard material. including a gun body having a muzzle opening. driving means mounted within said gun body and displaceable through said muzzle opening from a driving position rearwardly of said muzzle opening for inserting the fastening elements one at a time into the receiving mate rial. a feed mechanism arranged for feeding a magazine containing spaced fastening elements so that the fastening elements are successively positioned in front and within the muzzle opening in said gun for insertion into the receiving material, wherein the improvement comprises means for pivotally connecting said feed mecha nism to said gun body for displacing said feed mechanism relative to said gun body between a first position in which a fastening element is aligned with and extends into the muzzle opening and has displaced said driving means into the driving position with the magazine extending perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and a second position pivotally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening with the magazine extending at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening. said feed mechanism comprises a housing forming a guideway for directing the passage of the magazine containing the fastening elements therethrough. said means for controlling the movement of the magazine Comprises a control element mounted in said housing and displace-ably positionable within said guideway. said housing having an opening alignablc with the muzzle opening in said gun body when said feed mechanism is in the first position so that one fas tening element is positioned within the muzzle opening and any parts of the magazine associated with the fastening element located within the muzzle opening can be displaced from said feed mechanism along with the fastening clement during the insertion operation. in the first position said guideway in said feed mechanism extends perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and in the second position said guideway is pivotally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening and ex' tends at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening. said means for pivotally connecting said feed mechanism to said gun body comprises a pin mounted in said gun body and pivotally mounted in said feed mechanism. and a lever in operative engagement with said control element. said lever being pivotally connected to said gun body and to said feed mechanism and arranged to actuate said control element during the pivotal movement of said feed mechanism between the first and second position. the pivotal connection of said lever to said feed mechanism being displaceable in said feed mechanism in the direction of movement of the magazine through said guideway therein. said housing having a slot therein elongated in the direction of movement of the magazine through said guidevvay, and a second pin pivotally connecting said lever to said housing and said second pin extending through said slot into the interior of said housing and being connected therein to said control member and being displaceable along said slot in the elongated direction thereof so that said second pin displaces said control member in the direction of said slot in a reciprocating manner as said feed mechanism is moved between the first and second positions.

6. Explosive charge-driven setting gun as set forth in claim 5, wherein said control element comprises a pawl mounted directly on said pin pivotally connecting said lever to said housing. said pawl extending in the direction ofmovement ofthe magazine through said housing and having a projecting portion spaced from said pin and arranged to engage a recess in the magazine.

7. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 6. wherein a spring member is positioned within said housing and is arranged to bias said pawl so that its projecting portion engages the recess in the maga zine.

S. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 7, wherein said spring member is a leaf spring extending in the direction of movement of the magazine through said housing.

9. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 6, wherein locking means are associated with said housing and arranged to engage in a recess in the magazine at a position spaced from the projecting portion on said pawl in the direction of movement ofthe magazine through said feed mechanism.

10. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim 9. wherein said locking means are located adjacent the opening in said housing through which the fastening elements are inserted into the receiving material.

ll. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim [0. wherein said locking means comprises at least one spring biased ball catch positioned within said housing and arranged to be releasably engaged within a recess in the magazine.

12. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim 5, wherein means are associated with said feed mechanism for returning said feed mechanism from the first position into the second position.

13. Explosive charge-driven setting gun. as set forth in claim 12, wherein said means for returning said feed mechanism comprises a spring member attached to said lever and to said housing of said feed mechanism for displacing said pin pivotally mounting said lever through the slot in said housing.

14. Explosive chargedriven setting gun, as set forth in claim 13, wherein said spring member is a tension spring.

Claims (14)

1. Explosive charge-driven setting gun for inserting fastening elements, such as bolts, nails and the like into a receiving material, preferably a hard material, including a gun body having a muzzle opening, driving means mounted within said gun body and displaceable through said muzzle opening from a driving position rearwardly of said muzzle opening for inserting fastening elements one at a time into the receiving material, a feed mechanism arranged for feeding a magazine containing spaced fastening elements so that the fastening elements are successively positioned in alignment with and within the muzzle opening in said gun body for insertion into the receiving material, wherein the improvement comprises means for pivotally connecting said feed mechanism to said gun body for pivotally displacing said feed mechanism relative to said gun body between a first position in which a fastening element is aligned with and extends into the muzzle opening and displaces said driving means into the driving position with the magazine extending perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and a second position pivotally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening with the magazine extending at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening, said feed mechanism comprises a housing forming a guideway for directing the passage of the magazine therethrough, said feed mechanism includes means actuated by the pivotal movement of said feed mechanism for controlling the movement of the magazine and disposing the fastening elements through the feed mechanism into position for alignment with said muzzle opening so that one fastening element can be positioned within the muzzle opening, said means for controlling the movement of the magazine comprises a control element mounted in said housing and displaceably positionable within said guideway, said housing has an opening alignable with the muzzle opening in said gun body when said feed mechanism is in the first position so that a fastening element positioned within the muzzle opening and any parts of the magazine associated with the fastening element located within the muzzle opening can be displaced from said feed mechanism during the insertion operation.
2. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said means for connecting said feed mechanism to said body comprises a pin mounted in said body spaced from said muzzle opening therein and pivotally mounting said feed mechanism at the opposite end thereof from the opening alignable with the muzzle opening in the first position of said feed mechanism, and a lever in operative engagement with said control element, said lever being pivotally connected adjacent one end to said gun body and being slidably connected to said feed mechanism at its other end and actuating said control mechanism during the pivotal movement of said feed mechanism, and said lever being slidably displaceable in said feed mechanism in the direction of the movement of the magazine therethrough.
3. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said driving means includes a fastening element driving piston axially displaceably positioned within the muzzle opening in said gun body and arranged to be displaced into the driving position when said feed mechanism is pivoted into its first position.
4. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said housing has a cutout on the opposite side thereof from the opening through which the fastening elements are inserted into the receiving material for accommodating the portion of said gun body containing the muzzle opening.
5. Explosive charge-driven setting gun for inserting fastening elements, such as bolts, nails and the like, into a receiving material, preferably a hard material, including a gun body having a muzzle opening, driving means mounted within said gun body and displaceable through said muzzle opening from a driving position rearwardly of said muzzle opening for inserting the fastening elements one at a time into the receiving material, a feed mechanism arranged for feeding a magazine containing spaced fastening elements so that the fastening elements are successively positioned in front and within the muzzle opening in said gun for insertion into the receiving material, wherein the improvement comprises means for pivotally connecting said feed mechanism to said gun body for displacing said feed mechanism relative to said gun body between a first position in which a fastening element is aligned with and extends into the muzzle opening and has displaced said driving means into the driving position with the magazine extending perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and a second position pivotally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening with the magazine extending at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening, said feed mechanism comprises a housing forming a guideway for directing the passage of the magazine containing the fastening elements therethrough, said means for controlling the movement of the magazine comprises a control element mounted in said housing and displaceably positionable within said guideway, said housing having an opening alignable with the muzzle opening in said gun body when said feed mechanism is in the first position so that one fastening element is pOsitioned within the muzzle opening and any parts of the magazine associated with the fastening element located within the muzzle opening can be displaced from said feed mechanism along with the fastening element during the insertion operation, in the first position said guideway in said feed mechanism extends perpendicularly to the axis of the muzzle opening and in the second position said guideway is pivotally displaced outwardly from the muzzle opening and extends at an oblique angle to the axis of the muzzle opening, said means for pivotally connecting said feed mechanism to said gun body comprises a pin mounted in said gun body and pivotally mounted in said feed mechanism, and a lever in operative engagement with said control element, said lever being pivotally connected to said gun body and to said feed mechanism and arranged to actuate said control element during the pivotal movement of said feed mechanism between the first and second position, the pivotal connection of said lever to said feed mechanism being displaceable in said feed mechanism in the direction of movement of the magazine through said guideway therein, said housing having a slot therein elongated in the direction of movement of the magazine through said guideway, and a second pin pivotally connecting said lever to said housing and said second pin extending through said slot into the interior of said housing and being connected therein to said control member and being displaceable along said slot in the elongated direction thereof so that said second pin displaces said control member in the direction of said slot in a reciprocating manner as said feed mechanism is moved between the first and second positions.
6. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 5, wherein said control element comprises a pawl mounted directly on said pin pivotally connecting said lever to said housing, said pawl extending in the direction of movement of the magazine through said housing and having a projecting portion spaced from said pin and arranged to engage a recess in the magazine.
7. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 6, wherein a spring member is positioned within said housing and is arranged to bias said pawl so that its projecting portion engages the recess in the magazine.
8. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 7, wherein said spring member is a leaf spring extending in the direction of movement of the magazine through said housing.
9. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 6, wherein locking means are associated with said housing and arranged to engage in a recess in the magazine at a position spaced from the projecting portion on said pawl in the direction of movement of the magazine through said feed mechanism.
10. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 9, wherein said locking means are located adjacent the opening in said housing through which the fastening elements are inserted into the receiving material.
11. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 10, wherein said locking means comprises at least one spring biased ball catch positioned within said housing and arranged to be releasably engaged within a recess in the magazine.
12. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 5, wherein means are associated with said feed mechanism for returning said feed mechanism from the first position into the second position.
13. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 12, wherein said means for returning said feed mechanism comprises a spring member attached to said lever and to said housing of said feed mechanism for displacing said pin pivotally mounting said lever through the slot in said housing.
14. Explosive charge-driven setting gun, as set forth in claim 13, wherein said spring member is a tension spring.
US3891133A 1972-08-02 1973-07-30 Fastening element feed mechanism for an explosion charge-driven setting gun Expired - Lifetime US3891133A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19722238105 DE2238105C3 (en) 1972-08-02 1972-08-02

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ID=5852511

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US3891133A Expired - Lifetime US3891133A (en) 1972-08-02 1973-07-30 Fastening element feed mechanism for an explosion charge-driven setting gun

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US3891133A (en)
JP (1) JPS5545352B2 (en)
BE (1) BE802877A (en)
CA (1) CA988651A (en)
DE (1) DE2238105C3 (en)
ES (1) ES417488A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2194538B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1422829A (en)
NL (1) NL7310234A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4074843A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-02-21 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Fastening element feeding device for an explosive powder driven setting gun
US4200216A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-04-29 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Device for transporting fastening elements through a setting device
US4201324A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-05-06 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for transporting a magazine through a setting device
US4485952A (en) * 1982-06-03 1984-12-04 Power-Line Fastener Systems, Inc. Shiftable magazine clip feed for fastener driving tools
US4549682A (en) * 1982-06-08 1985-10-29 Soloco, Inc. Portable pneumatic nail driving apparatus
US4930673A (en) * 1988-03-02 1990-06-05 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Powder charge operated setting device
US5579975A (en) * 1995-04-19 1996-12-03 Senco Products, Inc. Fastener driving tool for locating a pre-existing through hole in a workpiece and driving a fastener therethrough
US5803338A (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-09-08 Senco Products, Inc. Fastener driving tool for locating a pre-existing hole in a first workpiece and driving a fastener therethrough into a second workpiece
US6135871A (en) * 2000-04-24 2000-10-24 Jones; Arthur Pneumatic animal stunner
US6547120B1 (en) * 2000-10-12 2003-04-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder driven fastener setting tool
US6761299B2 (en) 2002-09-18 2004-07-13 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Magazine clutch assembly
US20050035172A1 (en) * 2000-10-12 2005-02-17 Popovich Michael S. Cartridge strip advancing mechanism for fastener driving tool
US20050194418A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Michael Weibel Magazine with fastening elements for a setting tool and a setting tool with the magazine with fastening elements
US20090242608A1 (en) * 2008-03-26 2009-10-01 Hilti Aktiengesellschat Setting tool

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JPS5111284A (en) * 1974-07-18 1976-01-29 Nippon Steel Corp Byorenzokukyokyuyomagajin
DE7521374U (en) * 1975-07-05 1975-10-30 Helfer & Co Kg Feinwerkbau Screw strip of Schraubeneinziehgeraetes
JPS56116182U (en) * 1980-01-29 1981-09-05
US4768696A (en) * 1986-04-24 1988-09-06 Nordisk Kartro Ab Arrangement in nail driving apparatus
DK361787D0 (en) * 1987-07-10 1987-07-10 Haastrup Savvaerk A S Boat consisting of washers and use in soemmemaskiner in an apparatus for the manufacture of wooden packing such as pallets
KR100261925B1 (en) * 1991-11-20 2000-07-15 스튜어트에드먼드블래킷 Fastening tools and tape therefor
DE19707235A1 (en) * 1997-02-24 1998-08-27 Hilti Ag Driving=in unit for fastening elements, such as nails, pins etc.
DE10356548B4 (en) 2003-12-04 2006-03-16 Hilti Ag magazining

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US1162678A (en) * 1913-06-17 1915-11-30 Boden S Automatic Hammer Co Automatic hammer.
US3670942A (en) * 1970-10-15 1972-06-20 Omark Industries Inc Automatic feeding of fasteners
US3774832A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-11-27 Hilti Ag Device for driving fastening elements supplied in holder strips
US3786980A (en) * 1972-07-14 1974-01-22 Usm Corp Mechanism for feeding washer-carrying fasteners

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US602971A (en) * 1898-04-26 Hammer
US1162678A (en) * 1913-06-17 1915-11-30 Boden S Automatic Hammer Co Automatic hammer.
US3774832A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-11-27 Hilti Ag Device for driving fastening elements supplied in holder strips
US3670942A (en) * 1970-10-15 1972-06-20 Omark Industries Inc Automatic feeding of fasteners
US3786980A (en) * 1972-07-14 1974-01-22 Usm Corp Mechanism for feeding washer-carrying fasteners

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4074843A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-02-21 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Fastening element feeding device for an explosive powder driven setting gun
US4200216A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-04-29 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Device for transporting fastening elements through a setting device
US4201324A (en) * 1977-08-29 1980-05-06 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement for transporting a magazine through a setting device
US4485952A (en) * 1982-06-03 1984-12-04 Power-Line Fastener Systems, Inc. Shiftable magazine clip feed for fastener driving tools
US4549682A (en) * 1982-06-08 1985-10-29 Soloco, Inc. Portable pneumatic nail driving apparatus
US4930673A (en) * 1988-03-02 1990-06-05 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Powder charge operated setting device
US5579975A (en) * 1995-04-19 1996-12-03 Senco Products, Inc. Fastener driving tool for locating a pre-existing through hole in a workpiece and driving a fastener therethrough
US5803338A (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-09-08 Senco Products, Inc. Fastener driving tool for locating a pre-existing hole in a first workpiece and driving a fastener therethrough into a second workpiece
US6135871A (en) * 2000-04-24 2000-10-24 Jones; Arthur Pneumatic animal stunner
US6547120B1 (en) * 2000-10-12 2003-04-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder driven fastener setting tool
US20050035172A1 (en) * 2000-10-12 2005-02-17 Popovich Michael S. Cartridge strip advancing mechanism for fastener driving tool
US6981630B2 (en) 2000-10-12 2006-01-03 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Cartridge strip advancing mechanism for fastener driving tool
US6761299B2 (en) 2002-09-18 2004-07-13 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Magazine clutch assembly
US20050194418A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Michael Weibel Magazine with fastening elements for a setting tool and a setting tool with the magazine with fastening elements
US7143919B2 (en) * 2004-03-03 2006-12-05 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Magazine with fastening elements for a setting tool and a setting tool with the magazine with fastening elements
US20090242608A1 (en) * 2008-03-26 2009-10-01 Hilti Aktiengesellschat Setting tool
US7980441B2 (en) * 2008-03-26 2011-07-19 Hilti Aktiengellschaft Setting tool

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE2238105C3 (en) 1981-02-05 grant
ES417488A1 (en) 1976-03-01 application
FR2194538B1 (en) 1976-11-12 grant
FR2194538A1 (en) 1974-03-01 application
JPS5545352B2 (en) 1980-11-17 grant
BE802877A (en) 1973-11-16 grant
DE2238105B2 (en) 1980-06-04 application
JPS4945476A (en) 1974-04-30 application
GB1422829A (en) 1976-01-28 application
JP1050794C (en) grant
CA988651A1 (en) grant
DE2238105A1 (en) 1974-02-14 application
BE802877A1 (en) grant
NL7310234A (en) 1974-02-05 application
CA988651A (en) 1976-05-11 grant

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