US389085A - theodore john - Google Patents

theodore john Download PDF

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US389085A
US389085A US389085DA US389085A US 389085 A US389085 A US 389085A US 389085D A US389085D A US 389085DA US 389085 A US389085 A US 389085A
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thumb
brace
bow
violin
shank
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/18Chin-rests, hand-rests, shoulder rests or guards being removable from, or integral with the instrument

Description

(No Model.)
A. T. JOHN. THUMB BRAOE FOR VIOLIN PLAYERS.
No. 389,085. Patented Sept. 4, 1888.
N. PETERS, Phnluiflhugnohcr. Washington. in. CV
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
A. THEODORE JOHN,
on NEW roan, N. Y.
THUMB-BRACE FOR ViOLlN-PLAYERS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 389,085, dated September a, 1888.
Application filed AprilEZl, 1888. Serial No. 271.442. (X0 model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, A. THEODORE JOHN, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Thumb-Braces for Violin-Players, of which the following is a specification.
In learning to play the violin it is necessary to hold the bow in such a manner that the latter can be firmly yet easily passed over the strings. This is accomplished by the free motion of the wrist in connection with the proper holding of the end of the bow by the fingers. To secure the proper hold of the bow, the thumb has to form an angle at the first joint, as thereby only the free and easy motion of the wrist can be obtained. To hold the thumb in proper position, especially to learners, is connected with some difficulty, as they are apt to hold the bow with straight or inwardly-bent thumb, which, however, impedes the free motion of the wrist and prevents the production of a full tone.
My invention is designed to furnish a cheap and simple device by which the proper position of the thumb can be easily acquired by learners, and thereby the proper holding and leading of the bow be acquired without diffrcnlty and with less trouble to the teacher; and the invention consists of a thumb-brace for violinplayers, which is composed of a rigid angular brace, an elastic band attached to one side ofsaid brace and passed around the thumb, and means for fastening the other end of the band to the brace, as will be fully described hereinafter, and finally be pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of my improved thumb-brace for violin-players, shown in position for use, the hand and bow being shown in dotted lines; and Figs. 2 and 3 are respectively a detail end view and a side view of the thumb-brace.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts. I
In the drawings, A represents an angular body of a thumb-brace,wliich body is made of sheet metal, hard rubber, or other rigid mate rial, and transversely curved in such a manner as to fit the outer contour of the thumb at the firstjoint, so that the same is held at the proper angle for holding the violin-bow. To a slot, (4, at one side of the shank of the brace is applied one end of an elastic band, B, the other side of which is provided with a hook, O, that engages a slot or eye, I), at the opposite side of the shank, so as to attach the hook to the body of the brace. Any suitable means by which the band B is attached to the shank of the brace A may be used. The brace A is placed on the thumb, as shown in the drawings, and the band passed around the same and attached by the hook to the shank of the brace and held firmly in position on the thumb. The brace A forms a support for the thumb and accustoms the same to the bent position required in playing the violin. It prevents the straightening out of the thumb, and obvi ates thereby in an effective manner the possibility of holding the bow with straightened or inwardly-bent thumb. The brace facilitates the labors of the teacher as well as of the learner, and forms a cheap and simple device for securing the proper position of the thumb in holding the bow.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. A thumb-brace for violin-players, composed of an angular transversely-curved body and an elastic band applied to the shank of said brace, substantially as set forth.
2. A thumb brace for violin-players, composed of an angular transversely-curved body, an elastic band attached at one end to the shank of said brace, and a hook attached to the other end of the band and adapted to engage a slot or eye of the shank, substantially as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
A. THEODORE JOHN. iVitnesses:
PAUL GoErEL, llIARTIN PETRY.
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