US3890777A - Display device - Google Patents

Display device Download PDF

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Publication number
US3890777A
US3890777A US41171173A US3890777A US 3890777 A US3890777 A US 3890777A US 41171173 A US41171173 A US 41171173A US 3890777 A US3890777 A US 3890777A
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Prior art keywords
discs
disc
clock
light
colored
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Robert B Stanish
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BURKE COMMUNICATION INDUSTRIES Inc
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Poster Products Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B19/00Indicating the time by visual means
    • G04B19/30Illumination of dials or hands
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B45/00Time pieces of which the indicating means or cases provoke special effects, e.g. aesthetic effects
    • G04B45/0007Light-, colour-, line-, or spot-effects caused by parts or pictures moved by the clockwork

Abstract

A display device is provided containing a transparent or translucent panel having a display on the front or back of said panel, illuminating means mounted back of said panel to cause light to be transmitted around or through said display, and a plurality of discs mounted for rotation in front of said illuminating means to the rear of said panel and to one side of said display, said discs having radial light transmitting sections and means to cause the rotation of said discs, preferably a clock mechanism, to produce a flashing radial light.

Description

United States Patent Stanish June 24, 1975 DISPLAY DEVICE [75] lnvgmofi Robert Starfish Chicago, In. Primary Examiner-Edith Simmons Jackmon [73] Assignee; Poster Products, Inc., Chicago, Ill. 57] ABSTRACT [22] Filed:- 1973 A display device is provided containing a transparent [21] Appl. No.; 411,711 or translucent panel having a display on the front or back of said panel, illuminating means mounted back of said panel to cause light to be transmitted around [52] l 'i g is or through said display, and a plurality of discs 5 [51] l 50 R A 240 mounted for rotation in front of said illuminating [58] ml 0 earc means to the rear of said panel and to one side of said display, said discs having radial light transmitting secl56] References cued tions and means to cause the rotation of said discs, UNITED STATES PATENTS preferably a clock mechanism, to produce a flashing 2,009,209 7/1935 Scantlebury 58/50 radial light. 3.668858 6/1972 Hartwig 58 50 R 3,798,892 3 1974 Lukens 58/126 A 5 ClalmS, 5 Drawmg Flgures DISPLAY DEVICE BACKGROUND Many different types of illuminated advertising displays have heretofore been proposed such as, for example, illuminated signs and flashing signs. It would be desirable to have an advertising display in which the display is illuminated and auxiliary means are provided to call attention to the display with the display and the auxiliary means contained in a compact unit. It would also be desirable to have an advertising device of the type described in which the display is in color and attention is directed to the display by auxiliary means in the form of a flashing light also in color. It would likewise be desirable if said auxiliary means had the dual function of serving as a clock and providing a flashing light to direct attention toward the display.

OBJECTS tating flashing light is provided by a clock mechanism.

A further object of the invention is to provide a new and improved clock display comprising a plurality of rotatable discs of different colors with radial light transmitting sections or slots, said discs being driven by a synchronous clock motor and a gear train and including a first disc rotatable with the second shaft ofa clock having a radial light transmitting section on an opaque background, a second disc rotatable with the hour shaft having a slot or transparent section and otherwise being colored, for example. red, and a third disc rotatable with the minute shaft having the same characteristics as the second disc except that it is a different color, for example, green or blue, the second and third discs being sufficiently thick to block out light everywhere except at locations aligned with one of the transparent sections or slots in the second or third discs so that whenever a transparent section or slot in the second or third disc is aligned with a light transmitting portion on the first disc a colored illuminated flashing hour or minute hand is presented to the viewer.

Another object of the invention is to provide a clock display of the type described in which means forming a pair of or attached to the first disc is rotatable around the outer rim of the second and third discs and transmits light that appears as a dot moving as an indicator of seconds in an orbit around the outer rim of the second and third discs.

A further object of the invention is to provide a new type of clock mechanism in which indicating means for hours, minutes and seconds are illuminated in a novel manner.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the front of a clock display device illustrating one embodiment of the invention;

certain of the components of the display device shown in FIG. 4.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention a display device is provided containing a transparent or translucent panel having a display on the front or back of said panel, illuminating means mounted back of said panel to cause light to be transmitted around or through said display, and a plurality of discs mounted for rotation in front of said illuminating means to the rear of said panel and to one side of said display, said discs having radial light transmitting sections and means to cause the rotation of said discs, preferably a clock mechanism, to produce a flashing radial light which moves in an orbit and at times during the course of said movement is directed toward said display.

The invention also provides a new type of clock mechanism in which indicating means for hours, minutes and seconds are illuminated in a novel manner.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, the display devices comprises a panel I having a display 2 printed on the front or back of a transparent or translucent portion of said panel, preferably by screen printing, using either opaque or light transmitting printing inks.

To one side of the printed display portion 2 is a clear or transparent portion 3 which forms a cover for a clock generally indicated at 4. Referring to FIG. 2, the clock 4 is driven by a synchronous motor 5 through a gear train generally indicated at 6 in a conventional manner.

Illuminating means are mounted back of panel 1 to cause light to be transmitted around or through the printed display area 2. In the drawing as shown by FIG. 2 the illuminating means is a fluorescent lamp 7 mounted on fixtures 8 and 9 in a conventional manner and operated through a starter 10 and a transformer 11 connected by wires 12. The lamp 7 and the synchronous motor 5 are connected together in the conventional manner in an electrical circuit which in turn is connected to the usual 1 15-125 volt 60 cycle alternating current source of electrical energy. It will be understood that any other source of illumination can be used as, for example, a conventional incandescent lamp.

The housing 13 consists of the front panel 1, a back panel 14, two side panels 15 and 16, a bottom panel 17, channel members 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and a removable top 24, which is adapted to fit inside the housing and be held in place by any suitable means, for example, by inserting screws into the holes 25, 26, 27 and 28. Similar fastening means can be provided on the opposite sides of the top of the housing. By removing the fastening means, the top of the housing can be removed and the front panel 1 can also be removed by pulling it upwardly so that it will slide out of the channels or grooves in members 21 and 23. It will be understood that the channels or grooves 29 and 30 as shown in detail in FIG. 3 can be integrally formed with the side walls 15 or 16. Similar channels or grooves can be pro vided at 18 and 19, and the bottom member 17. The sides and bottoms are connected in a conventional manner by right angle brackets 31.

Referring to FIG. 4 it will be seen that the synchronous motor 5 and the conventional clock gear train mechanism 6 are mounted to the rear and to one side of the panel 1 and the display area 2 directly behind the transparent area 3 of panel 1. The remaining area32 of panel 1 is preferably opaque or possibly in some cases, translucent and contrasting in color to the printed design in area 2 and to the flashing radial lights produced behind area 3 of panel 1 by the mechanism hereinafter described.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention a disc 33, which may also be called a pattern disc, is mounted for rotation in front of the illuminating means previously described on the shaft 34 which corresponds to the operating mechanism for the second hand of an electric clock. Thus, when the motor 5 is running, disc 33 will make one complete revolution in 60 seconds. Disc 33 is made of plastic or other suitable material and has a plurality of radial light transmitting sections 35 in the general configuration of a daisy on an opaque background 36. A transparent circular area 37 which can also be a hole or an opening permits light to pass through disc 33. Instead of a hole or light transmitting opening 37, a translucent rod can be attached to the first disc which is rotatable around the outer rim of the second and third discs hereinafter described.

A second disc 38 is mounted on shaft 39 which corresponds to the hour hand shaft of a clock and is adapted to make one complete revolution in a period of 12 hours. Disc 38 is made of plastic or other suitable material and has a radial light transmitting section 40 which can be in the form of a transparent area in disc 38 or a radial slot in disc 38 with a colored background in the area 41 which may be, for example, red.

A third disc 42 is mounted for rotation on the minute hand shaft 43 and is adapted to make one complete revolution in a period of one hour. Disc 42 is similar to disc 38 in that it has a radial light transmitting area 44 which can also be in the form of a slot and a colored background area 45 which is normally a different color from the color of background area 41 on disc 38. For example, when the background area 41 is red, the color of the background area 45 might be blue or green.

The discs are aligned so that light from the illuminating means will pass through their light transmitting sections and the combination of the colors in the second and third discs is preferably such, or the discs are sufficiently thick, so as to block light everywhere except at locations aligned with one of the radial transparent sections or slots in the second or third discs, so that whenever a transparent section or slot in the second or third discs is aligned with a transparent section on the first disc a colored illuminated radially moving flashing hour or minute hand is presented to the viewer.

The discs 38 and 42 are normally of the same size and the disc 33 normally has a greater diameter so that the hole or transparent dot 37 which acts as a seconds indicator moves in an orbital path around the outside of discs 38 and 42 and can be viewed from the front of panel 1.

As shown by the assembly of the discs in FIG. 5 a knob 46 which extends through an opening 47 in panel 1 can be used to set the positions of the discs 33, 38 and 42 in the same manner as in the setting of the hands of a clock. The knob 46 can be made removable and the panel 1 can be made of any suitable flexible plastic material so that when it is assembled by sliding it in the channel members shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 it can be bowed outwardly to permit the opening 47-to pass over knob 46 and thereafter to allow the sides of panel 1 to snap into place in the channels in members 21 and 23. In this way, it is possible to insert different panels 1 with different display areas 2.

The rotation of the discs 33, 38 and 42 at variable speeds with respect to one another produces a flashing radial light which moves in an orbit and at times during the course of said movement is directed toward the display area 2, thereby attracting the attention of the viewer. At the same time the mechanism which produces the orbital flashing radial light also has the dual function of serving as a clock and therefore provides a new type of clock mechanism in which indicating means for hours, minutes and seconds are illuminated in a novel manner.

It will be recognized that the use of a plurality of discs mounted for rotation in front of the illuminating means to the rear of the panel and to one side of the display, said discs having radial light transmitting sections and means to cause the rotation of said discs to produce a flashing radial light moving in an orbital path, does not necessarily have to use a clock driving mechanism to provide relative movement between said discs. Furthermore, while it is necessary to have a plurality of discs, it is not always essential to have three discs because a flashing orbital radially moving light can be achieved with two or more discs. In addition, it should be understood that the discs do not have to be driven by concentrically arranged shafts 34, 39 and 43 as in the embodiment used for illustration but can be driven by any other suitable means, for example, driving means mounted at or adjacent the outer peripheries of the discs. It will also be understood that the arrangement of the discs may be changed. This would require some alteration in the setting mechanism previously described as used in a conventional clock mechanism. Of course, the driving means for the discs can be mechanical (e.g., wound spring type) or electrical or any other type of driving mechanism.

The invention is hereby claimed as follows:

1. A clock comprising a clock driving mechanism, a first pattern disc rotatable in response to said mechanism including radial transparent sections on an opaque background, a second disc rotatable in response to said mechanism at the rate of one revolution every 12 hours and having a radial transparent section and otherwise being colored with the colored portion being light transmitting, and a third disc rotatable in response to said mechanism at the rate of one revolution every hour and having the same characteristics as the second disc except that it is a different color, said discs being aligned with one another, a light source adapted to produce light rays which are transmitted through said first, second and third discs in the order named, the second and third discs blocking light everywhere except at locations aligned with one of the transparent sections in the second and third discs so that whenever a transparent section in the second and third disc is aligned with a transparent section on the first disc a colored radially moving flashing illuminated hour and minute hand is presented to the viewer. 2. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said first disc has a greater diameter than the second and third discs and contains means to transmit light in an orbit around said second and third discs.

3. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said clock driving mechanism includes concentric second, hour of said third disc will show red.

Claims (5)

1. A clock comprising a clock driving mechanism, a first pattern disc rotatable in response to said mechanism including radial transparent sections on an opaque background, a second disc rotatable in response to said mechanism at the rate of one revolution every 12 hours and having a radial transparent section and otherwise being colored with the colored portion being light transmitting, and a third disc rotatable in response to said mechanism at the rate of one revolution every hour and having the same characteristics as the second disc except that it is a different color, said discs being aligned with one another, a light source adapted to produce light rays which are transmitted through said first, second and third discs in the order named, the second and third discs blocking light everywhere except at locations aligned with one of the transparent sections in the second and third discs so that whenever a transparent section in the second and third disc is aligned with a transparent section on the first disc a colored radially moving flashing illuminated hour and minute hand is presented to the viewer.
2. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said first disc has a greater diameter than the second and third discs and contains means to transmit light in an orbit around said second and third discs.
3. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said clock driving mechanism includes concentric second, hour and minute shafts on which said first, second and third discs, respectively, are mounted.
4. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said transparent sections in said second and third discs are slots.
5. A clock as claimed in claim 1 in which said second disc is colored red and said third disc is colored blue whereby the radial transparent section of said second disc will show blue and the radial transparent section of said third disc will show red.
US3890777A 1973-11-01 1973-11-01 Display device Expired - Lifetime US3890777A (en)

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US3890777A US3890777A (en) 1973-11-01 1973-11-01 Display device
US05566357 US3992872A (en) 1973-11-01 1975-04-09 Display device

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4653930A (en) * 1985-03-18 1987-03-31 Eta S.A. Fabriques D'ebauches Timepiece with special aesthetic effects
US4759002A (en) * 1987-11-24 1988-07-19 Cash Lew A Clock
US4766524A (en) * 1986-02-07 1988-08-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Back light device for uniformly illuminating a liquid crystal display plate
US5147127A (en) * 1990-01-25 1992-09-15 Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corporation Liquid crystal display apparatus
US5259333A (en) * 1991-02-06 1993-11-09 Yazaki Corporation Combination meter
US5270682A (en) * 1989-12-13 1993-12-14 Yazaki Corporation Display devices of the reflection type for vehicle
US5557586A (en) * 1995-01-06 1996-09-17 Mccuan; Velvet J. Unitary clock and picture frame
US6813222B1 (en) * 1998-11-03 2004-11-02 Marc De Salivet De Fouchecour Watch with relative reading
US20050047280A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2005-03-03 Dierenbach Karl Allen Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US20060126320A1 (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-06-15 Ching Fong Display device with light guide
US7295717B2 (en) 2002-10-16 2007-11-13 Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Synthesis of superposition images for watches, valuable articles and publicity
DE102008002825A1 (en) * 2007-11-29 2009-06-25 Kastenholz, Erich, Dipl.-Ing. Display system and clock with display system
US8879366B2 (en) 2012-03-13 2014-11-04 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with uniquely driven elements which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation methods

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2009209A (en) * 1932-03-10 1935-07-23 Francis H Scantlebury Illuminated measuring device
US3668858A (en) * 1969-03-04 1972-06-13 Rudiger Hartwig Clock
US3798892A (en) * 1971-12-29 1974-03-26 V Lukens Clock mechanism

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2009209A (en) * 1932-03-10 1935-07-23 Francis H Scantlebury Illuminated measuring device
US3668858A (en) * 1969-03-04 1972-06-13 Rudiger Hartwig Clock
US3798892A (en) * 1971-12-29 1974-03-26 V Lukens Clock mechanism

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4653930A (en) * 1985-03-18 1987-03-31 Eta S.A. Fabriques D'ebauches Timepiece with special aesthetic effects
EP0195369B1 (en) * 1985-03-18 1991-05-29 Eta SA Fabriques d'Ebauches Time piece with special esthetical effects
US4766524A (en) * 1986-02-07 1988-08-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Back light device for uniformly illuminating a liquid crystal display plate
US4759002A (en) * 1987-11-24 1988-07-19 Cash Lew A Clock
US5270682A (en) * 1989-12-13 1993-12-14 Yazaki Corporation Display devices of the reflection type for vehicle
US5147127A (en) * 1990-01-25 1992-09-15 Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corporation Liquid crystal display apparatus
US5259333A (en) * 1991-02-06 1993-11-09 Yazaki Corporation Combination meter
US5557586A (en) * 1995-01-06 1996-09-17 Mccuan; Velvet J. Unitary clock and picture frame
US6813222B1 (en) * 1998-11-03 2004-11-02 Marc De Salivet De Fouchecour Watch with relative reading
US7295717B2 (en) 2002-10-16 2007-11-13 Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Synthesis of superposition images for watches, valuable articles and publicity
US20050047280A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2005-03-03 Dierenbach Karl Allen Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US7061833B2 (en) * 2003-08-25 2006-06-13 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US20060171260A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2006-08-03 Dierenbach Karl A Apparatus with driven rings for the display of time
US20060126320A1 (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-06-15 Ching Fong Display device with light guide
US7093948B2 (en) 2004-12-15 2006-08-22 Yazaki North America, Inc. Display device with light guide
DE102008002825A1 (en) * 2007-11-29 2009-06-25 Kastenholz, Erich, Dipl.-Ing. Display system and clock with display system
US8879366B2 (en) 2012-03-13 2014-11-04 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with uniquely driven elements which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation methods

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Owner name: BURKE COMMUNICATION INDUSTRIES, INC.

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:POSTER PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003828/0619

Effective date: 19810108