US3890492A - Postage value determining and control circuit - Google Patents

Postage value determining and control circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
US3890492A
US3890492A US47668274A US3890492A US 3890492 A US3890492 A US 3890492A US 47668274 A US47668274 A US 47668274A US 3890492 A US3890492 A US 3890492A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
postage
value
mail
unit
means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Flavio M Manduley
Anthony Storace
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Pitney-Bowes Inc
Original Assignee
Pitney-Bowes Inc
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Filing date
Publication date
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G19/00Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G01G19/40Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups with provisions for indicating, recording, or computing price or other quantities dependent on the weight
    • G01G19/413Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups with provisions for indicating, recording, or computing price or other quantities dependent on the weight using electromechanical or electronic computing means
    • G01G19/414Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups with provisions for indicating, recording, or computing price or other quantities dependent on the weight using electromechanical or electronic computing means using electronic computing means only
    • G01G19/4148Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups with provisions for indicating, recording, or computing price or other quantities dependent on the weight using electromechanical or electronic computing means using electronic computing means only for controlling postal rate in articles to be mailed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C1/00Measures preceding sorting according to destination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/16Sorting according to weight
    • B07C5/165Sorting according to weight of letters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00467Transporting mailpieces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00661Sensing or measuring mailpieces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00185Details internally of apparatus in a franking system, e.g. franking machine at customer or apparatus at post office
    • G07B17/00314Communication within apparatus, personal computer [PC] system, or server, e.g. between printhead and central unit in a franking machine
    • G07B2017/00338Error detection or handling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00467Transporting mailpieces
    • G07B2017/00475Sorting mailpieces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00467Transporting mailpieces
    • G07B2017/00491Mail/envelope/insert handling system
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00467Transporting mailpieces
    • G07B2017/005Measures for preventing or handling mailpieces stoppages
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B17/00Franking apparatus
    • G07B17/00459Details relating to mailpieces in a franking system
    • G07B17/00661Sensing or measuring mailpieces
    • G07B2017/00701Measuring the weight of mailpieces

Abstract

A postage value determining and control circuit for use in a continuous mail sorting and postage imprinting system which automatically weighs and meters each piece of mail. The system is designed to rapidly handle a large quantity of mixed mail. Mixed mail is continuously and synchronously fed in seriatim along a continuous feed path. Unsealed envelopes have their flaps wetted and sealed. All the envelopes are stopped at a weighing station where they are weighed, and the postage corresponding to their particular weight is computed. The determined postage value is used to continuously reset a postage meter which imprints the required postage upon each envelope as it arrives at a metering station. The metering and weighing functions of the system are synchronized such that the postage meter will imprint the proper postage upon each piece of mail, despite the fact that several envelopes may be simultaneously in transit along the feed path. Overweight pieces of mail are rejected from the feed path prior to their reaching the postage meter station. Metered and overweight pieces of mail are separately stacked.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Manduley et al.

[ June 17, 1975 Connx, Anthony Storace, Tarrytown, N.Y.

[73] Assignee: Pitney Bowes, Inc., Stamford, Conn.

[22] Filed: June 5, I974 [21] Appl. No.: 476,682

[52] 11.8. CI. 235/l5l.33; 235/92 WT; l77/6l [51] Int. Cl. G06f 15/20; GOlg 23/42 [58] Field of Search 235/l5l.33, 92 WT; 177/25,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/l97l Furlong el al. 340/1725 X l/l972 Salava 235/l5l.33 X

Primary ExaminerMalcolm A. Morrison Assistant Examiner-Edward J. Wise Attorney, Agent, or FirmWilliam D. Soltow, .Ir.; Albert W. Scribner; Robert S. Salzman [57] ABSTRACT A postage value determining and control circuit for use in a continuous mail sorting and postage imprinting system which automatically weighs and meters each piece of mail. The system is designed to rapidly handle a large quantity of mixed mail. Mixed mail is continuously and synchronously fed in seriatim along a continuous feed path. Unsealed envelopes have their flaps wetted and sealed. All the envelopes are stopped at a weighing station where they are weighed, and the postage corresponding to their particular weight is computed. The determined postage value is used to continuously reset a postage meter which imprints the required postage upon each envelope as it arrives at a metering station. The metering and weighing functions of the system are synchronized such that the postage meter will imprint the proper postage upon each piece 3,692,988 9 1972 Dlugos et al 235/151.33 3,714,401 111973 Yano 235 5133 0f mall desplte the fact that Several envelopes y be 3,725,656 4/1973 Fukuma 235/1513: im n sly in transit along the feed path. Over- 3,740,536 6/l973 Takahashi et a]... 235/15L33 weight pieces of mail are rejected from the feed path 3,769,498 l0/l973 Hino et al. 235/l5l.33 prior to their reaching the postage meter station. Me- 3,770,069 ll/l973 Loshbough 235/l5l.33 X tered and overweight pieces f n are Separately stacked.

4 Claims, 30 Drawing Figures 1:52am Nave gust PIE-SCALE STATION 17 srmou 15 STATION 21 METER TRANSFER 1s srmou a wetsums GATE msmee METER STATIoM a0 22 STATION 23 I) 0 c mg] o -8 %88 88 as, s ss 10 Feeo mu reto PATH j SEPARATOR SCALE 19 14 SELECIDR srmou a5 FEEDER DECK REJECT METERED MAIL STMZKER 2b STACKER 27 (welt-tumor" MAIL) PATENTEDJUN 1 7 ms q FEED PATH Fl 6. I (1.

FEED PATH PATENTEDJUN 17 ms SHEET PATENTED JUN 1 7 I975 vll ; .r.... T u

QC Cu Pp QQ PATENTED Jun 17 ms SHEET FIG.7C1

CLOCK PULSE FIG. l3

FIG. He

ltd.

IIO. HC

llb

FIG. I |cL,b,c,oL

PATENTEIJJUN 17 I975 SHEET FIG. I8

FIG. \7

Claims (4)

1. A postage value determining and control circuit interconnected between a weighing device having a photodetector bank for supplying weight pulse signals indicative of the weight of a piece of mail, and a postage meter for imprinting a postage value upon weighed pieces of mail, said determining and control ciRcuit receiving weight information from said weighing device, and performing a multiplication between a unit price per unit weight value and said weight information to provide a resultant postage imprinting value for said postage meter, said postage value determining and control circuit comprising: a priority encoder operatively connected to said weighing device for converting weighing pulses from said weighing device to BCD weighing information; unit price means for supplying a unit price per unit of weight value; converting means operatively connected to said unit price means for converting said unit price per unit of weight value to unit price BCD information; adder means operatively connected to said converting means for receiving said unit price BCD information and adding said unit price BCD information a plurality of times equal to the BCD weighing information so as to effect a multiplication between the unit price per unit weight value and said weight information, thereby providing a postage imprinting value for said postage meter; and control means including an up-down counter operatively connected to said adder means for controlling the addition of the adder means, the up-down counter operatively connected to said encoder for counting down a number of times corresponding to the BCD weighing information, and upon reaching a zero count condition, halting further addition in said adder means.
2. The postage value determining and control circuit of claim 1, wherein said adder means comprises two adders, a units adder for operating upon units values of postage, and a tens adder for operating upon tens values of postage.
3. The postage value determining and control circuit of claim 2, further comprising a units comparator and a tens comparator, said units comparator operatively connected to said units adder, and said tens comparator operatively connected to said tens adder, and means for supplying previous postage value information to said comparators for providing present postage value difference information.
4. The postage value determining and control circuit of claim 3, further including stepper motor pulse generating means operatively connected to said comparators for receiving said postage value difference information, and providing stepper motor pulses for setting the postage meter from said previous postage value to a present postage value.
US3890492A 1974-06-05 1974-06-05 Postage value determining and control circuit Expired - Lifetime US3890492A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2004559A1 (en) * 1968-03-22 1969-11-28 Astra Ab
US4047006A (en) * 1976-01-27 1977-09-06 Better Packages, Inc. Electronic postage scale
US4131946A (en) * 1976-12-14 1978-12-26 Pitney-Bowes, Inc. Mailing system
US4251874A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-02-17 Pitney Bowes Inc. Electronic postal meter system
US4319328A (en) * 1980-02-27 1982-03-09 Sabre Products, Inc. Postage cost recording system
US4390952A (en) * 1980-06-27 1983-06-28 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system with sequential printing control
US4516209A (en) * 1983-02-09 1985-05-07 Pitney Bowes Inc. Postage metering system having weight checking capability
US4745346A (en) * 1984-10-04 1988-05-17 Pitney Bowes Inc. Electronic postage meter print wheel setting optimization system
US4787046A (en) * 1985-11-12 1988-11-22 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system having a capability for one-step postage metering
US4809187A (en) * 1983-06-09 1989-02-28 Bell & Howell Company Insertion machine with postage categorization
US4853864A (en) * 1985-12-26 1989-08-01 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing systems having postal funds management
US4855920A (en) * 1985-12-26 1989-08-08 Pitney Bowes, Inc. Postage accounting device
US4897793A (en) * 1988-01-26 1990-01-30 Francotyp-Postalia Gmbh Configuration for a franking machine
US4956782A (en) * 1986-09-19 1990-09-11 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system for mixed weight mail
US5069299A (en) * 1989-06-30 1991-12-03 Alcatel Satmam Letter scale and franking machine incorporating same
US5272640A (en) * 1986-10-17 1993-12-21 Wu Sheng J Automatic mail-processing device with full functions
EP0673002A2 (en) * 1994-03-15 1995-09-20 Hadewe B.V. A method and a system for preparing franked postal items to be franked
DE19860295A1 (en) * 1998-12-18 2000-06-29 Francotyp Postalia Gmbh Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
WO2002069280A2 (en) * 2001-02-23 2002-09-06 Ascom Hasler Mailing Systems, Inc. Modular franking system
US6947912B1 (en) * 1998-12-18 2005-09-20 Francotyp-Postalia Ag & Co. Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
GB2416516A (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-01 Neopost Ind Sa High speed parallel printing using meters and intelligent sorting of printed materials
US7096152B1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2006-08-22 Pitney Bowes Inc. Method and apparatus for determining weight of moving mailpieces

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3594735A (en) * 1968-08-26 1971-07-20 Exact Weight Scale Co The Data retrieval apparatus
US3635297A (en) * 1970-08-06 1972-01-18 Roger F Salava Postage calculator
US3692988A (en) * 1971-01-18 1972-09-19 Pitney Bowes Inc Parcel postage metering system
US3714401A (en) * 1971-09-27 1973-01-30 Imamura Seisakusho Kk Conveyor type continuous weighing system
US3725656A (en) * 1970-02-23 1973-04-03 Sharp Kk Computing system for use in price indicating balance
US3740536A (en) * 1971-08-25 1973-06-19 Tokyo Electric Co Ltd Electronic digital weighing apparatus
US3769498A (en) * 1971-10-22 1973-10-30 Kubota Ltd System for controlling a computing scale
US3770069A (en) * 1972-11-28 1973-11-06 Reliance Electric Co Computer weigher system with intermediate calculation and display

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3594735A (en) * 1968-08-26 1971-07-20 Exact Weight Scale Co The Data retrieval apparatus
US3725656A (en) * 1970-02-23 1973-04-03 Sharp Kk Computing system for use in price indicating balance
US3635297A (en) * 1970-08-06 1972-01-18 Roger F Salava Postage calculator
US3692988A (en) * 1971-01-18 1972-09-19 Pitney Bowes Inc Parcel postage metering system
US3740536A (en) * 1971-08-25 1973-06-19 Tokyo Electric Co Ltd Electronic digital weighing apparatus
US3714401A (en) * 1971-09-27 1973-01-30 Imamura Seisakusho Kk Conveyor type continuous weighing system
US3769498A (en) * 1971-10-22 1973-10-30 Kubota Ltd System for controlling a computing scale
US3770069A (en) * 1972-11-28 1973-11-06 Reliance Electric Co Computer weigher system with intermediate calculation and display

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2004559A1 (en) * 1968-03-22 1969-11-28 Astra Ab
US4047006A (en) * 1976-01-27 1977-09-06 Better Packages, Inc. Electronic postage scale
US4131946A (en) * 1976-12-14 1978-12-26 Pitney-Bowes, Inc. Mailing system
US4251874A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-02-17 Pitney Bowes Inc. Electronic postal meter system
US4319328A (en) * 1980-02-27 1982-03-09 Sabre Products, Inc. Postage cost recording system
US4390952A (en) * 1980-06-27 1983-06-28 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system with sequential printing control
US4516209A (en) * 1983-02-09 1985-05-07 Pitney Bowes Inc. Postage metering system having weight checking capability
US4809187A (en) * 1983-06-09 1989-02-28 Bell & Howell Company Insertion machine with postage categorization
US4745346A (en) * 1984-10-04 1988-05-17 Pitney Bowes Inc. Electronic postage meter print wheel setting optimization system
US4787046A (en) * 1985-11-12 1988-11-22 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system having a capability for one-step postage metering
US4853864A (en) * 1985-12-26 1989-08-01 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing systems having postal funds management
US4855920A (en) * 1985-12-26 1989-08-08 Pitney Bowes, Inc. Postage accounting device
US4956782A (en) * 1986-09-19 1990-09-11 Pitney Bowes Inc. Mailing system for mixed weight mail
US5272640A (en) * 1986-10-17 1993-12-21 Wu Sheng J Automatic mail-processing device with full functions
US4897793A (en) * 1988-01-26 1990-01-30 Francotyp-Postalia Gmbh Configuration for a franking machine
US5069299A (en) * 1989-06-30 1991-12-03 Alcatel Satmam Letter scale and franking machine incorporating same
EP0673002A2 (en) * 1994-03-15 1995-09-20 Hadewe B.V. A method and a system for preparing franked postal items to be franked
EP0673002A3 (en) * 1994-03-15 1996-03-20 Hadewe Bv A method and a system for preparing franked postal items to be franked.
US6947912B1 (en) * 1998-12-18 2005-09-20 Francotyp-Postalia Ag & Co. Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
DE19860295A1 (en) * 1998-12-18 2000-06-29 Francotyp Postalia Gmbh Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
US6353192B1 (en) 1998-12-18 2002-03-05 Francotyp-Postalia Ag & Co. Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
US6472616B2 (en) 1998-12-18 2002-10-29 Francotyp-Postalia Ag & Co. Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
DE19860295C2 (en) * 1998-12-18 2003-04-24 Francotyp Postalia Ag Method and arrangement for controlling a dynamic scale
WO2002069280A2 (en) * 2001-02-23 2002-09-06 Ascom Hasler Mailing Systems, Inc. Modular franking system
WO2002069280A3 (en) * 2001-02-23 2003-11-27 Ascom Hasler Mailing Sys Inc Modular franking system
GB2416516A (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-01 Neopost Ind Sa High speed parallel printing using meters and intelligent sorting of printed materials
US7096152B1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2006-08-22 Pitney Bowes Inc. Method and apparatus for determining weight of moving mailpieces

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