US388791A - soeibner - Google Patents

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US388791A US388791DA US388791A US 388791 A US388791 A US 388791A US 388791D A US388791D A US 388791DA US 388791 A US388791 A US 388791A
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    • H04M5/00Manual exchanges
    • H04M5/04Arrangements for indicating calls or supervising connections for calling or clearing
    • H04M5/06Arrangements for indicating calls or supervising connections for calling or clearing affording automatic call distribution


(No Model.) 3 SheetsSheet 1. O. E. SGRIBNER.


Patented Aug. 28, 1888.


BY 7 I Mt;


WITNESSES N, PETERS: PhomLm-a m hm, Wukmgwrx u. C.

(No Model.) 7 e 3 Sheets-Sheet 2. O. E. SGRIBNER.


No. 388,791. Patented Aug. 28, 1888.

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H M N-(D LAXQX $M Yrwentor (No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet s.



No. 388,791. Patented Aug. 28, 1888.

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madam 8 km kmvmqg UNITED STATES PATENT rrcn.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 388,791, dated August 28, 1888.

Application filed )rl'areh 22, 1884. Serial No. 1251222.

To (tZZ whom it may concern.-

Be it known that 1, CHARLES E. SoRInnnn,

a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful ImprovcincntinBranclrCircnitSwitclrBoards for Telephone-Exchanges, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification.

My invention relates to telephoneexchanges in which the subscribers lines are grouped upon different switch-boards, and the conncctions between lines of different boards made over trunk lines or transfer connections. In this system it is well known that local connections that is, connections between lines on the same board-are made rapidly, while trunk or transfer connections are always subjectto delay and confusion, since aswitchman at one board wishing for a connection with a line of any other board must find out whether the line wanted is busy, and if not, have it switched to a trunk-line under his control before the connection can be completed. In on der to do this, he must send a ticket or speak directly to the switchman in charge of the li. ne called for. He must give his order, stating the number of the line wanted, and 'get his answer as to whether the line is free before he can proceed to make the transfer-connection.

Myinvention consists in providing branch or half connections for each of the the lines, the said branch or half connections extending to terminals placed within reach of the switch men at the different boards, so that each switchnian, in addition to the usual switches for lines assigned to his board, may have within easy reach a bolt or terminal of each of all the other lines of the exchange.

My invention also consists in the means for making the tests and receiving and answering the calls, as hereinafter described and claimed.

By the use of my invention the switchman at any given board is enabled to ascertain directly whether any line of the exchange is busy. Any switchman may also ring the bell at the subscribers station of any line and at the same time drop the shutter of said line at the switch-board where said line terminates.

My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which (No model.)

Figure l is a front elevation of three switch boards, showing the terminals of the halfconneetions of all the lines placed near each board and the trunk or transfer wires. Fig.2 shows, partly in section, three switch-boards, with the branch wires or half-connectionsillus trated in detail. Fig. 3 is a diagram of a single telephone-line with its branches and connections at the subscribers stat-ion and the central office. Fig. 4 is a detailed view of the contact-plug and key.

Like parts are indicated by similar letters of reference in the different figures.

I have marked the letters of reference as a, a", &c., to distinguish apparatus used at one board from apparatus of the same kind used at another board, the designating-numbers, however, of the letters being omitted in the description when speaking generally of the apparatus.

The switch-boards A A" A, as shown in Fig. 1, are provided with the usual transferconncctions terminating at the bolts 1 2 3 4t 5 7 on each of the boards, as shown in Fig. 1. The telephone-line connections arc,for clearness in illustration, omitted from Fig. 1. The halt connection terminals may be placed upon a disk near each board or upon the cord-shelf.

In Fig. 1 I have shown the disks 8, B and B, each of which is provided with a terminal fora half-connection from each of the lines, excepting those upon the board near which the disk is placed. In Fig. 2 these half connec- 8 tion terminals are shown upon the cord shelves 0, G, and 0. Each of thetelephoneline circuits, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, extends from its subscribers station to its switch upon its switch-board, and through an annunciator to ground, in'tlie usual manner.

By adding the branch connections a." a, as shown in Fig. 3,-all lines are brought within rcachof each of the switchmen at the different boards. The terminals 1) at the different 5 boards, as shown in the drawings, are an ranged upon a board or otherwise insulated and given numbers corresponding to thelines with which they are respectively connected. These terminals may be bolts or screws, and a large number may be conveniently placed within a small area and within easy reach of the switchmen. The contact-plug 0 (shown at each of the boardsin Fig. 2) is connected with a double cord, d, consisting of two strands or conductors, one strand connecting through the telephone outfit and the other strand through a calling battery or generator, f. The telephone is normally connected to the point of the contact-plug c. The contact-plugs are provided with keys g, so that either of the strands of the cord may be connected with or disconnected from the point of the plug at the will of the switchman.

Suppose, now, the operator at board A receives a call for a line of board A. He will first touch the point of his contactplug c to the terminal I) of the line wanted. Helistcns to see if the line is busy. On finding that it is free, he presses the key 9', and thus switches the battery or generator f to the point of the contact-plug and to line, thus sending cu rrent to the line wanted. This current rings the bell at the subscribers station, notifying the subscriber of the call, while at the same time the shutter h of the line is thrown down. The switchman at the board A, seeing the shutter fall, at once answers the call, not knowing whether the shutter was thrown down by the subscriber or by some one of the switchmen at another board. The switchman who sent in the call now instructs the switchman at board A to connect the line over which they are talking with the trunkline over which the connection between the calling and called subscribers is to be completed. The subscriber wanted, as before described, has been already notified of the call by the ringing of his bell. He will therefore be ready to communicate with the calling subscriber as soon as the connection is completed. A switchman at any board by dropping the shutter of a line wanted at another board not only indicates that a connection is wanted but by the same act indicates the vparticular line with which the connection is desired. The same current which operates the shutter also rings the bell.

As to the state of the art prior to my invention, reference is made to Letters Patent No. 252,576, granted Leroy B. Firman, January 17, 1882.

Having thus described my invcntion,I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Paten t 1. The switch-boards, each having the usual switching apparatus and its group of telephone-lines, and trunklines between said boards, in combination with half-connection or branch terminals I), placed within reach of the switchmen at the differentboards,whereby any switehman may test to determine whether any line of another group called for at his own board is busy.

2. The combination, substantially as hereinbefore set forth, with an electric circuit of a telephone'exchange, of a switch and an annuneiator placed in said circuit at the central office, and one or more branch or half connections permanently connected with said electric circuit before the line of said circuit reaches the said switch, a half-connection terminal of said electric circuit being placed near each of the switch-boards of the lines of other groups, and means at each of said switchboards of other groups, whereby a. telephone and battery, respectively, maybe alternatively connected with and disconnected from the said electric circuit.

3. In a telephone exchange, the contactplug 0, provided with a key, 9, in combination with a battery, f, and a telephone, and a terminal, I), of a branch or half connection, a, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

4. In a telephone exchange system, two or more switch boards and telephone lines grouped upon the differentswitch-boards,each line being provided with a spring-jack switch and annuneiator upon one of the switchboards and extending from the annuneiator to ground, each line being provided with an open branch or half connection extending to astud or contact-piece, b, upon each of the other boards, a telephone and battery in different ground-circuits at each of the boards, said circuits being connected with different strands of the same cord, said cord terminating in a switching device for connecting battery or telephone at will with the contact-terminal of the said switching device,whereby an operator at one board may throw down the annuneiator of any line except of the lines grouped upon his own board.

5. A telephone-line grounded at the subscribers station and at the central oflice, an-

.nunciators or signal devices included in said line, one at the subscribers station and one at the central office, and a branch or half conneetion from said line at a point between the signal-instruments, said branch extending to a contact or terminal, I), in combination with a contact-plug, c, and its double cord, one cord including in its circuit a telephone and the other cord including in its circuit a battery, whereby an operator at will may connect the telephone or battery with the line, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

6. The combination, with telephone-lines, each including a spring-jack switch and an annuneiator, of switch-boards, upon which the spring-jack switches and annunciators are arranged in groups, a branch or half connection extending from each line to a terminal stud upon each of the boards, except the board upon which its spring jack switch and annuneiator is placed, said terminals being arranged at the different boards in groups, and numbered to correspond with their lines, respectively, a contactplug connected with a double-stranded cord at each of the boards, one strand containing a battery and the other a telephone, said connecting-plug being provided with a key, whereby the operator at any board may, by applying the contact-plug to the terminal of any line, determine by listening at the telephone whether the line is in use, and by closing the key 9 send current to line, sub stantially as and for the purpose specified.

7. The combination, with telephone-lines,

of their individual spring-jack switches and annunciators grouped upon different switchboards, a branch connection from each line on the line side of its spring-jack extending to a different terminal at each of the other boards, trunk-wires between the boards, a telephone and source of electricity at each of the boards, and switching apparatus, whereby an operator at any given board may test a line grouped at any other of theboards, and, having tested, throw down the shutter of said line and direct the operator answering the signal to connect said line with a particular trunk-wire, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

8. In atelephoneexchange system, the combination, with two or more switch-boards, of telephone-lines each telephone-line being provided with a spring-jack switch and an annuuciator on one of the boards only, and each line being provided with a terminal or stud upon each of the other boards, trunk-lines between the different boards, a telephone and battery connections at each of the boards, the terminal of said battery and the terminal of said telephone being each upon the same mow able switch or contact plug, and switching apparatus at each of the boards, whereby an open ator at one of the boards may throw down the shutter of any line located at another board, and whereby any two lines of the exchange may be connected together, substantially as described.

9. The combination, with telephone-lines from the different subscribers stations terminating in spring-jacks and annunciators at their respective hoards, of branches from all of the lines terminating in studs upon the other switch-boards, trunk-lines connecting the different switch boards together, connecting co rd s and plugs with which the lines ofthe different boards may be connected together through the medium of the trunk-lines, switching devices in connection with the operators telcphone and calling generator to connect with the studs or terminals of the said branch con nection, whereby an operator at one board may signal an operator at another board over the line wanted, to complete the connection.

In witness whereof I hereunto subscribe my name this 11th day of March, A. l). 1884.



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