US388253A - Dredging-machine - Google Patents

Dredging-machine Download PDF

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US388253A
US388253A US388253DA US388253A US 388253 A US388253 A US 388253A US 388253D A US388253D A US 388253DA US 388253 A US388253 A US 388253A
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excavator
pipe
suction
ladder
pipes
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/88Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, e.g. suction dredgers
    • E02F3/90Component parts, e.g. arrangement or adaptation of pumps
    • E02F3/92Digging elements, e.g. suction heads
    • E02F3/9212Mechanical digging means, e.g. suction wheels, i.e. wheel with a suction inlet attached behind the wheel
    • E02F3/9225Mechanical digging means, e.g. suction wheels, i.e. wheel with a suction inlet attached behind the wheel with rotating cutting elements
    • E02F3/9231Suction wheels with axis of rotation parallel to longitudinal axis of the suction pipe

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet'l 1.

(No Model.)

A. B. BOWERS.

DREDGING MACHINE.

Patented Aug. 21, 1888.

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

A. B. BGWERS.

DREDGING MACHINE.

Patented Aug. 2l, 1888.

N. PETKRS moumognplw. wzmingim. ILC

vNrrs PATENT Frio..

DRESSING-MACHINE.

PBCIPICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 388,253, dated August 21, 1883.

Original application iied December 9, 1876. Renewed April 16, 1879. Divided and this application filed Aprillf), 1885. Serial No. 162%;8138. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom, it' may concern:

Be it known that I, ALrnoNzo B. Bownxsof San Francisco, California, civil engineer, have invented certain Improvements in Hydraulic Dredging-Apparatus, ofwhieh this'isa specilication.

It is a third division ol an application filed by me December 9, 1876,-and renewed April 16, 1879, being for portions of the original invention shown in the accompanying Sheets 1 and 3 of original drawings, now numbered 1 and 2; and this division ofthe invention consists, mainly, of an excavating implement constructed and arranged to work with a side u feed or swing, mounted on a swinging suctionpipe or ladder in such manner as to preserve a horizontal position of its lower or bottom cuttingedges and make a level or nearly level cutthe whole width of the excavator, at Whatever angle the suction-pipe or ladder may be placed, or at whatever depth the work may be progressing, in a method of strengthening and stiffening the suction-pipes and combining them by trusses and braces into a rigid structure or ladder for the support of the excavator and to resist the various strains thereon; and in the use of a teleseoping section of suction-pipe held in extended position by a strong spiral spring that, yielding to heavy pressure, allows this section to telescope, but extends the pipe as the pressure is removed, with details ot' construct-ion, substantially as Set forth.

Figure 1 is a side and part sectional view showing a rotary excavator, a method of actuating said excavator by means of an endless chain, a suction-pipe constructed to serve also as a ladder, andthe excavator in working position, also indicating their position when raised out of water and the successive downward cuts made by the excavator as it swings from side to side in the process of dredging until the desired depth is attained. It also shows the vertical anchors of the turn-table and the method of counterbalaneing the excavator described and claimed in Letters Patent No. 318,859, issued to me May 26,1885. Fig. 2 is an end view ofthehull, lookinginto the longitudinal well,in which swings the apparatus claimed in this division. It shows the same method of actuating the excavatorand of maintaining the horizontal position of its lower cutting-edges and the same method of utilizing the suction pipes as a ladder, (shown in Fig. 1,) with the additional feature of short sections of pipe constructed and arranged to telescope in the scription of which and the claims therefor, as

well as mode of operating the machine, see Letters Patent No. 318, S59, herei nbefore specitied.

A isa floating vessel for carrying the exea vating and actuating apparatus.

B is any pump suitable for handling the spoil.

C C are suction-pipes firmly secured together by trussing and bracing to constitute them also a ladder for the proper support of the excavator. They are connected by crossbars and braees,substantially as shown in Fie". 2, and stiffencd by tie-rods and a vertical truss, as shown in Fig. 1. This ladder swings on strong hollow trunnions,forming elbows com- 1n unicating through suitable joints and glands with the suction of pump B. Through these pipes the spoil is withdrawn by the pump from the excavator, with which these pipes communicate through the chamber D. One only or both of these pipes, as preferred, may be used for the conveyance of spoil.

D is a chamber or continuation of the suction opening into the interior ofthe excavator. It is constructed to swing ou and communicate through suitable joi ntorjoints with either or both ot' the pipes C C. lt. carries, in the present instance, in suitable bearings above and in the chamber, the shaft F of the excavator and mechanism for actuating said shaft. It is also jointed to the swinging arms M l\[,as

IOO

shown in Figs. 1 and 2, by means of which the vertical position of the excavator and horizontal position of its lower cuttingedges are maintained and a level bottom secured, whatever the depth of work or inclination of pipe or ladder.

E is usually a hollow, and here represented as a rotary, excavator with side and bottom cuttingedgesand with inward delivery through itself to, in this case, the chamber D, suctionpipe sides of the ladder C C, and pumpB, but I confine myself to neither a hollow nor a rotary excavator. As here shown, it is substantially the hollow rotary excavator described and claimed in Letters Patent No. 318,859, issued to me May 26, 1885, being in this case mounted on a vertical axis. The side cutting-edges, e, Figs. 1 and 3, are the vanes or knives s of the patent, and the bottom cutting flared lips I-I, Fig. 3 of the accompanying drawings, the bottom cutting-lips c described in the aforesaid patent.

F, Fig. 2, is a shaft passing th rough suitable bearings to the hub of the excavator to which it is secured. It is actuated in this case by bevelgearing, chainwheels, and endless chain r; but this shaft and its actuatingmechanism are used only when the excavator is ofa rotary form.

M M are swinging arms pivoted at theirinner ends to points directly over the upper joints of the suction-pipes and ladder. They are of the same length between joints as the ladder and pipe or pipes and lie in a plane parallel therewith, their outer joints being direotly above'the outer joints of the ladder in a plane intersecting the axes of shafts F and o, as shown, thus forming aswingiug parallelogram with parallel movements and holding the excavator in proper position wherever placed. In some cases but one of these arms is used. The chain-wheels around which passes the endlesschain r are mounted on shafts in line with the joints or pivots at each end of the arms M M, and are at all times equidistant, Whatever the position of the excavator.

S S are short sections of suction-pipe cornmunicating through suitable swinging joints with chamber D, Fig. 2, and telcsooping within the pipes C C, these pipes being represented as broken away to show the inner ends of the telescoping sections. Portions of these sections are seen within the spiral springs u u. These springs are sufficient] y strong to fully extend the pipes and preserve the parallelism of the parallelogram hereinbefore described, except when subject to heavy pressure, such as the sinking of the hull between the waves of the sea or a lurch of the vessel against the bank where the excavator is working.

rIheslidingguide-rods t tand-bearings sometimes used for the purpose specified are substantially the same as those described and claimed in Letters Patent No. 355,251, issued to me December 28, 1886, for the fifth division of the original application, thetelescoping section S being constructed substantiallylike t-he lower telescoping section in said 4ligure and patent. The rods t t are firmly secured to the lower ends of the telescoping sections S S, whence they pass outside of the springs u u through strong bearings in the lower ends, and similar bearings some distance from the ends of the hollow suction-pipes sides of the ladder. They slide freely through these bearings and are provided with nuts or heads on their upper or inner ends to prevent the telescoping sections from dropping ont of the hollow sides of the ladder.

I do not herein claim the following combinations, the same being claimed in another division of the original application pendingV concurrently with this, to wit: First, a ladder, suction-pipe, and hollow rotary excavator with inward delivery through itself to said pipe; second, a suction-pipe, ladder, and hollow rotary excavator with inward delivery through itself to said pipe, said excavator being provided with side cutting-edges and devices to effect a side feed; third, a suction pipe, ladder, and hollow excavator with cutting-edges and devices to effect a side feed.

In this third division I claim" 1. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, an excavator with side cutting-edges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which the suction pipe is placed in the process of dredging.

2. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, an excavator with bottom cutting-edges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottoni at the different angles in which the ICO suction-pipe is placed in the process of dredging.

3. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, ladder, and excavator with side cuttingedges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which the suction-pipe is placed in the process of dredging.

4. In combination, aswinging suction-pipe, a hollow excavator with side cutting-edges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which the suction-pipe is placed in the process of dredging.

5. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, ladder, and hollow excavator with side cuttingedges constructed and arranged to work with` a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which said pipe and ladder are placed in thevprocess of dredging.

6. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, a rotary excavator with side cutting-ed ges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which the suotion-pipe is placed in the process of dredging.

7. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, ladder, and rotary excavator with side cutting-edges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and a device to hold said excavator in position to makea horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which the pipe and ladder are placed in the process of dredging.

8. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, a hollow rotary excavator with side cuttingedges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed, and with inward delivery through itself to said pipe, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles at which thepipeis placedin the process ofdredging.

9. In combination, a swinging suction-pipe, ladder, a hollow rotary excavator with side cutting-edges constructed and arranged to work with a side feed and with inward delivery through itself to said pipe, and a device to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at lthe different angles in which said pipe and ladder are placed in the process of dredging.

l0. In combination, a swinging section of suction-pipe provided with swinging or hinged joints at or near each end thereof, an excavating implement at the outer end of said pipe, and a swinging parallel bar constructed and arranged to form with said pipe and excavator a swinging parallelogram with parallel movements to hold said excavator in position to makea horizontal cnt and level bottom at the different angles in which said pipe and bar are placed in the process of dredging.

1l. In combination, a swinging ladder', an excavating implement hinged to its outer end` and a swinging parallel har constructed and arranged to form with said ladder and excavator a swinging parallelogram with parallel movements to hold said excavator in position to make a horizontal cut and level bottom at the different angles in which said ladder and bar are placed in the process of dredging.

12. A ladder for dredging purposes constructed with hollow or tubular sides united by cross-bars and stiffened by vertical trussing and diagonal bracing.

13. Pipes C G, one or both heilig employed for suction, said pipes being also properly trussed and braced to serve asa ladder, in combination with an excavating implement constructed and arranged to work with a side feed.

14. Pipes C O, one or both being employed for suction said pipes being also braced to serve as a ladder, in combination with a hollow excavating implement constructed and arranged to work with a side feed.

15. Pipes C C, one or both being employed for suction, said pipes being also properly trussed and braced to serve as a ladder, in combination with a rotary excavator.

16. Pipes C C, one or both being employed for suction, said pipes being also braced and trussed to serve as a ladder, in combination with a hollow rotary excavating implement with inward delivery through itself to said conduit.

17. Pipes C G, one or both being employed for suction, said pipes being also properly trussed and braced to form a ladder, a rotary excavator at the outer end thereof, and a device for holding said implement in position to make a horizontal eut and level bottom at the different angles in which said ladder is placed in the process of dredging.

18. In combination, aswinging suction-pipe, a hollow rotary excavator with inward delivery throngh itself to said pipe at the outer end thereof, and an endless chain for actuating said excavator.

19. In combination, a suction-pipe having a tclescoping section provided with a spiral spring passing around said section constructed and arranged to yield to heavy pressure and allow the pipes to telescope and to extend the tclescoping section when the pressure is removed.

20. In combination, a suction-pipe having a tclescoping section, a spiral spring to extend said section, and sliding guide-rods to keep the tclescoping section in line.

2l. The combination of a suction-pipe and excavatoreonstructed to be raised and lowered by swingingin avertical plane, said excavator being provided with devices to effect a side feed, and with an automatic device to hold the excavator in position to cut and make a level bottom, at whatever angle the suction -pipe may be placed in the process of dredging.

In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.

ALPHONZO B. BOWERS.

iVitnesses:

XV. A. BARTLETT, J. W. HAMILTON J oHNsoN.

IOO

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3777372A (en) * 1970-07-22 1973-12-11 Ihc Holland Nv Cutter suction dredge having parallelogram linkage wave compensator
US4052801A (en) * 1976-04-28 1977-10-11 Smith Leward N Dredging system and methods of dredging
US4593484A (en) * 1985-02-14 1986-06-10 Proehl Norman P Method of dredging with a pivotally mounted cutter head
US8549693B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2013-10-08 Gruber, Llc Tooth cleaning device
US8997299B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-04-07 Gruber, Llc Tooth cleaning device
USD726418S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-04-14 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning device
USD740033S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-10-06 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning head
USD756121S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2016-05-17 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning head

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3777372A (en) * 1970-07-22 1973-12-11 Ihc Holland Nv Cutter suction dredge having parallelogram linkage wave compensator
US4052801A (en) * 1976-04-28 1977-10-11 Smith Leward N Dredging system and methods of dredging
US4593484A (en) * 1985-02-14 1986-06-10 Proehl Norman P Method of dredging with a pivotally mounted cutter head
US8549693B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2013-10-08 Gruber, Llc Tooth cleaning device
US8997299B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-04-07 Gruber, Llc Tooth cleaning device
USD726418S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-04-14 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning device
USD740033S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-10-06 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning head
USD756121S1 (en) 2011-04-20 2016-05-17 Gruber, Llc Dental cleaning head

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