US3879975A - Machine for producing coil springs - Google Patents

Machine for producing coil springs Download PDF

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Publication number
US3879975A
US3879975A US33638873A US3879975A US 3879975 A US3879975 A US 3879975A US 33638873 A US33638873 A US 33638873A US 3879975 A US3879975 A US 3879975A
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United States
Prior art keywords
wire
rollers
pair
winding machine
spring wire
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Joachim Huhnen
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Joachim Huhnen
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Priority to DE19722209340 priority Critical patent/DE2209340C3/de
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21FWORKING OR PROCESSING OF METAL WIRE
    • B21F3/00Coiling wire into particular forms
    • B21F3/02Coiling wire into particular forms helically
    • B21F3/04Coiling wire into particular forms helically externally on a mandrel or the like

Abstract

Winding machine for producing coil springs, with at least one pair of rollers for feeding spring wire and with winding pins for the guiding and plastic deformation of the spring wire which is fed by the pair of rollers. The pair of rollers non-rotatably clamp the spring wire for twisting purposes, and are arranged for rotation about the axis of the associated portion of wire; for this purpose, the rollers may be mounted for rotation within a driven drum. An overhead reel assembly is adapted to feed spring wire into the rollers, and has facilities for paying out the wire from a coiled bundle. The reel assembly, which is located a relatively large distance from the winding machine, imparts a suitable pre-twist to the portion of the wire between the reel assembly and the winding machine to prevent excessive plastic deformation of the wire.

Description

United States Patent m1 Huhnen MACHINE FOR PRODUCING COIL SPRINGS [76] Inventor: Joachim Huhnen. Blankensteinstr.

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 28. I972 Germany 2209340 [52] US. Cl. 72/64; 72/137 [5|] Int. Cl. B2Ib 15/02 [58] Field of Search 72/!37. 64. I30. I35. 371; 140/149. I03; 29/173; 242/78. I28

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.934.]22 l [/1933 Hill 72/64 2.567.537 9/l95l Workman I40/I49 X 51 Apr. 29, 1915 Primary ExaminerC. W. Lanham Assistant Emminvr-Rohert M. Rogers [57] ABSTRACT Winding machine for producing coil springs. with at least one pair of rollers for feeding spring wire and with winding pins for the guiding and plastic deforma' tion of the spring wire which is fed by the pair of rollers. The pair of rollers non-rotatably clamp the spring wire for twisting purposes. and are arranged for rotation about the axis of the associated portion of wire: for this purpose. the rollers may be mounted for rotation within a driven drum. An overhead reel assembly is adapted to feed spring wire into the rollers. and has facilities for paying out the wire from a coiled handle. The reel assembly, which is located a relatively large distance from the winding machine. imparts a suitable pre-twist to the portion of the wire between the reel assembly and the winding machine to prevent excessive plastic deformation of the wire.

1 MACHINE FOR PRODUCING COIL SPRINGS The invention relates to a winding machine for producing coil springs. with at least one pair of rollers for feeding the spring wire and with winding pins for the guiding and plastic deformation of the on-running spring wire pushed forwards by the pair of rollers.

Apart from winding machines of this type. winding machines are known which have a winding mandrel for drawing in the spring wire and which allow the manufacture of draw springs with a considerable inwound initial tension, but also of compression springs with equally good properties, in that, by means of a twisting apparatus. they twist the spring wire prior to winding it, up to the plasticity limit so that the torsion additionally occurring in the wire during winding results in its plastic deformation.

However, no successful attempts are known which would have indicated the application of this principle to winding machines of the type mentioned at the outset.

The invention is therefore based on the problem of providing a winding machine which permits of twisting of the spring wire. In the case of a winding machine of the type mentioned at the outset. this problem is resolved according to the invention in that the pair or rollers clamps the spring wire in non-rotatable manner for twisting purposes and can be rotated about the axis of the portion of wire which is located in the region of the pair of rollers.

As the example of embodiment shows, this solution can be relatively simply implemented, so that there is now also a possibility of producing by winding coil springs with improved properties by twisting and subsequent plastic deformation of the spring wire.

Additionally, it may be desirable to impart a suitable pre-twise to the portion of the spring wire between an associated pay-out reel and the winding machine to prevent premature plastic deformation of the incoming wire. For this purpose, the reel assembly may have facilities similar to those described, e.g., in US. Pat. No. 3,807,2l l, issued to J. Huhnen on Apr. 30, 1974. Such facilities are preferably located at a relatively large distance from the winding machine.

The invention will be explained in greater detail hereinafter with reference to an example of embodiment of the winding machine according to the invention, which is illustrated in the attached drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section through a winding machine constructed in accordance with the invention, without a reel, with part broken away", and

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic side elevation of an over head reel assembly which may be associated with the arrangement of FIG. 1.

FIG. I shows how even otherwise conventional feed rollers 100 for a spring wire 29 are mounted to rotate in a twisting drum 107. The rollers are disposed in pairs and are coupled to onev another by a connecting gear 104 so that the rotary speeds coincide. The rollers 100 are driven through two bevel gears 101, one of which is mounted on the shaft of one of the rollers 100 while the other is located at one end of a hollow shaft 108 which receives the wire 29 and which is mounted by means of ball bearings 109 at one end in an end flange 160 of the twisting drum 107 and at the other is rotatably mounted on a frame 161; the hollow shaft 108 also carries a driving gearwheel 102. The twisting drum 107 is driven through a gearwheel 103 which is constructed on the end flange 160. The ratio of rotary speeds of the gearwheels I02 and 103 determines the ratio between the speed and twisting of the wire 29. The wire 29 which is fed by the feed rollers I00 and which is simultaneously twisted is pushed by wire guides 105 disposed inside and outside the twisting drum I07 against winding pins I06 and is consequently bent to form spring coils.

So that this winding machine can process not only straight pieces of wire and so that the twisting of the wire 29 does not create any excessive plastic deformation due to twisting in the portion of wire whihc has not yet been coiled into a spring. FIG. 2 shows, located at the greatest possible distance from the twisting apparatus in FIG. I, a so-called overhead reel 46, with a bundle of wire 47 resting on a reel flange 48 and being held by fingers 49. The reel flange 48 is driven by a geared motor 50 and alos has an imbalance compensating device SI for constant equalisation of the imbalance of the reel flange which varies as the wire 29 is unwound from the bundle. The reel flange 48 rotates on a displaceable sub-frame 52 which is attached to the floor on a pin 55 by means of a telescopic spring arm 53 which is laterally braced by a spring 54. This horizontal, elastic mounting can also be achieved by other means, eg by means of two elastic links disposed at Projecting over the reel flange 48 and provided with a captor ring 57 is a jib arm 56 which is provided at its free end with a further twisting device which has two loose guide rollers 58 which non-rotatably clamp the spring wire 29 and which are rotatable. by means of a twisting drum 59 which mounts the guide rollers 58, about the axis of the portion of wire located in the region of the drum 59, which can be driven by an electric motor 16.

The part of the mahcine shown in FIG. 2, in order to avoid an inelastic torsion deformation of the portion of wire fed to the twisting apparatus in FIG. 1, operates in the following manner:

If the rear flange 48 were stationary. then when one turn were withdranw from the bundle of wire 47, natural twisting would produce one complete rotation of the wire about its longitudinal axis. The reel flange 48 is then continuously rotated at such a speed and direction of rotation that it supplies not only the quantity of wire which is to be fed to the winding pins I06, but also imparts to the wire an additional twist which is to be added to the natural twist. The total twist resulting from these added effects conforms exactly, in degree and direction of rotation, to the twist produced during winding of a spring by the actual twisting apparatus, shown in FIG. 1. Any difference in the twisting speed which may exist is determined by the number of rotations of the twisting drum 107, which this drum I07 would perform during the stoppage time required for cutting off wire 29, that is if it were to continue running. This difference in number of rotations ensures that the further rotation of the reel flange 48 occurring during stoppage of the twisting drum 107 results in a complete relaxation of the spring wire 29. The twisting drum 59 at the reel 46 is likewise continuously rotated, the speed and direction of rotation being so selected that it accurately follows the total twist of spring wire 29 created by the reel flange 48, so that the portion of wire between the reel flange and the twisting drum 59 is free from elastic torsion stresses, so as to prevent the loop of wire formed by the portion tilting over and necessitating an interruption in production.

Nevertheless. it is not necessary. apart from one rotating reel flange. to provide a second twisting apparatus according to FIG. 2 and a considerable length of wire between the bundle of wire and the twisting apparatus shown in FIG. I, if times during which the twisting apparatus in FIG. 1 is stopped for cutting off a completed coil spring are avoided. This can be achieved simply by using a flying cutter. so that a continuous production process is possible. Also in this case the total twist created by the reel coincides with the twist created by the twisting apparatus according to FIG. 1, which follows it exactly and which does not therefore give rise to any further torsion. so that the portion of wire between the reel and the twisting apparatus according to FIG. I does indeed rotate about its longitudinal axis. but is not subjected to torsion The effective twisting of the spring wire thus takes place only in the portion between the twisting apparatus according to FIG. I and the winding pins.

Although the invention is illustrated and described with reference to one preferred embodiment thereof. it is to be expressly understood that it is in no way limited to the disclosure of such a preferred embodiment. but is capable of numerous modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

I. Winding machine for producing coil springs from spring wire. comprising at least one winding pin for guiding and plastically deforming the on-running spring wire. at least a first pair of rollers for pushing forward the spring wire in a straight line to the said winding pin. said first pair of rollers clamping the spring wire for twisting purposes thereby lockingly holding it against rotation relative to the pair of rollers. and means for rotating the first pair of rollers about the axis of the portion of wire located in the region of said first pair of rollers.

2. Winding mahcine according to claim 1, wherein the first pair of rollers are mounted on a driven drum which is rotatable about the axis of the portion of wire located in the region of the first pair of rollers.

3. Winding machine according to claim 2, wherein the drum is freely rotatably mounted on a hollow shaft receiving the spring wire and comprising a first bevel gear mounted on the hollow shaft, the first bevel gear meshing with a second bevel gear affixed to the shaft of one of the rollers.

4. Winding machine according to claim 3, wherein the drum has an end flange which is constructed as a gear wheel.

5. Winding machine according to claim 1 comprising a reel carrying a bundle of wire from which the spring wire is fed, the reel being constructed as an overhead reel. and comprising a second pair of loose guide rollers located on the overhead reel and clamping the spring wire. thereby lockingly holding it against rotation relative to the two loose guide rollers.

6. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the second pair of rollers are jointly rotatable about the axis of the portion of wire which is located in the region of them.

7. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the overhead reel is drivable and is mounted to rotate about the axis of the bundle of wire.

8. Winding machine according to claim 5, comprising an arrangement for the equalization of the imbalance of the reel which normally occurs as the wire is unwound from the bundle.

9. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the portion of wire between the second pair of rollers and the bundle of wire is maintained free from plastic deformation.

* k s a k

Claims (9)

1. Winding mahcine for producing coil springs from spring wire, comprising at least one pin for guiding and plasticably deforming the on-running spring wire, at least a first pair of rollers for pushing forward the spring wire in a straight line to the said winding pin, said pair of rollers clamping the spring wire for twisting purpose thereby lockingly holding it against rotation relative to the pair of rollers, and means for rotating the first pair of rollers about the axis of the portion of wire located in the region of said first pair of rollers.
2. Winding mahcine according to claim 1, wherein the first pair of rollers are mounted on a driven drum which is rotatable about the axis of the portion of wire located in the region of the first pair of rollers.
3. Winding machine according to claim 2, wherein the drum is freely rotatably mounted on a hollow shaft receiving the spring wire and comprising a first bevel gear mounted on the hollow shaft, the first bevel gear meshing with a second bevel gear affixed to the shaft of one of the rollers.
4. Winding machine according to claim 3, wherein the drum has an end flange which is constructed as a gear wheel.
5. Winding machine according to claim 1 comprising a reel carrying a bundle of wire from which the spring wire is fed, the reel being constructed as an overhead reel, and comprising a second pair of loose guide rollers located on the overhead reel and clamping the spring wire, thereby lockingly holding it against rotation relative to the two loose guide rollers.
6. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the second pair of rollers are jointly rotatable about the axis of the portion of wire which is located in the region of them.
7. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the overhead reel is drivable and is mounted to rotate about the axis of the bundle of wire.
8. Winding machine according to claim 5, comprising an arrangement for the equalization of the imbalance of the reel which normally occurs as the wire is unwound from the bundle.
9. Winding machine according to claim 5, wherein the portion of wire between the second pair of rollers and the bundle of wire is maintained free from plastic deformation.
US33638873 1972-02-28 1973-02-27 Machine for producing coil springs Expired - Lifetime US3879975A (en)

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DE19722209340 DE2209340C3 (en) 1972-02-28 1972-02-28

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US33638873 Expired - Lifetime US3879975A (en) 1972-02-28 1973-02-27 Machine for producing coil springs
US33687573 Expired - Lifetime US3807211A (en) 1972-02-28 1973-02-28 Coil spring winding machine
US33687673 Expired - Lifetime US3802241A (en) 1972-02-28 1973-02-28 Machine for producing coil springs

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US33687573 Expired - Lifetime US3807211A (en) 1972-02-28 1973-02-28 Coil spring winding machine
US33687673 Expired - Lifetime US3802241A (en) 1972-02-28 1973-02-28 Machine for producing coil springs

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US (3) US3879975A (en)
JP (3) JPS5215260B2 (en)
CH (3) CH564390A5 (en)
DE (2) DE2209340C3 (en)
FR (1) FR2174148B1 (en)
GB (3) GB1399775A (en)
IT (1) IT983346B (en)
NL (1) NL162574B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4601187A (en) * 1983-05-13 1986-07-22 The Wellform Engineering Company (Sussex) Limited Twisting apparatus and method

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FR2376707B1 (en) * 1977-01-07 1980-06-06 Wheeler Carolea
US4112727A (en) * 1977-04-01 1978-09-12 Brown Marshall B Method and apparatus for making pipe flanges
FR2413145A1 (en) * 1977-12-29 1979-07-27 Inst T Traktornogo Winder for shaped coil springs - has helical mandrel corresponding to internal shape of spring cross-section
JPS58146932U (en) * 1982-03-27 1983-10-03
JPS58154431U (en) * 1982-04-08 1983-10-15
JPH0356816B2 (en) * 1983-09-01 1991-08-29
US4700558A (en) * 1986-04-11 1987-10-20 Leggett & Platt, Incorporated Wire coiling method and device
DE4229294C1 (en) * 1992-09-02 1993-12-16 Wafios Maschinen Wagner Wire-shaping machine esp. for mfr. of springs - has wire-clamping rollers turning in either direction together round the wire guide axis and intermittently and programme-controlled
US6178862B1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2001-01-30 Chen-Nan Liao Cutting tool assembly in coil spring winding machines
GB2437716A (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-11-07 Converteam Ltd Method of forming single-layer coils
DE102011004285A1 (en) 2011-02-17 2012-08-23 Robert Bosch Gmbh Apparatus and method for producing wire windings
CN106493261B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-08-14 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 A kind of spiral filament forming machine for winding heater strip
CN106424458B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-06-26 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 A kind of wrapping wire pressure heads mechanism for heater strip
CN110947884A (en) * 2017-12-18 2020-04-03 骆灿炎 Automatic coil spring processing system for furniture production
WO2019221743A1 (en) * 2018-05-18 2019-11-21 Pensmore Reinforcement Technologies, Llc Twisted reinforcement fibers and method of making

Citations (2)

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US1934122A (en) * 1931-02-04 1933-11-07 Charles K Hill Apparatus for twisting wire
US2567537A (en) * 1945-07-05 1951-09-11 Workman Ernest Robert Wire winding machine and method of forming coils of wire

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US1368297A (en) * 1918-05-24 1921-02-15 Sleeper & Hartley Inc Spring-winding machine
US1579325A (en) * 1923-09-17 1926-04-06 American Car & Foundry Co Spring-coiling machine
DE933861C (en) * 1935-12-03 1955-10-06 Mauser Werke Ag Method and apparatus for the production of coil springs
US2373427A (en) * 1943-04-21 1945-04-10 Fernald S Stickney Spring winding mechanism
US2868268A (en) * 1954-02-04 1959-01-13 Coulter & Mckenzie Machine Co Coil-forming machine with generator controlled spindle positioning means
US3039706A (en) * 1960-02-19 1962-06-19 Western Electric Co Helix winding machine
US3570291A (en) * 1968-10-07 1971-03-16 Nhk Spring Co Ltd Method of manufacturing extension springs

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1934122A (en) * 1931-02-04 1933-11-07 Charles K Hill Apparatus for twisting wire
US2567537A (en) * 1945-07-05 1951-09-11 Workman Ernest Robert Wire winding machine and method of forming coils of wire

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4601187A (en) * 1983-05-13 1986-07-22 The Wellform Engineering Company (Sussex) Limited Twisting apparatus and method

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DE2264590C3 (en) 1978-04-27
CH564390A5 (en) 1975-07-31
US3807211A (en) 1974-04-30
JPS5215261B2 (en) 1977-04-27
DE2209340C3 (en) 1978-04-27
CH553015A (en) 1974-08-30
FR2174148A1 (en) 1973-10-12
JPS5215260B2 (en) 1977-04-27
GB1396047A (en) 1975-05-29
JPS4895355A (en) 1973-12-07
FR2174148B1 (en) 1980-03-28
DE2209340B2 (en) 1977-09-01
DE2209340A1 (en) 1973-09-13
GB1403666A (en) 1975-08-28
GB1399775A (en) 1975-07-02
JPS48100370A (en) 1973-12-18
DE2264590A1 (en) 1974-04-25
CH563817A5 (en) 1975-07-15
JPS5216712B2 (en) 1977-05-11
DE2264590B2 (en) 1977-09-22
US3802241A (en) 1974-04-09
IT983346B (en) 1974-10-31
JPS48100369A (en) 1973-12-18
NL162574B (en)

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