US3877170A - Construction toy element - Google Patents

Construction toy element Download PDF

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Publication number
US3877170A
US3877170A US403666A US40366673A US3877170A US 3877170 A US3877170 A US 3877170A US 403666 A US403666 A US 403666A US 40366673 A US40366673 A US 40366673A US 3877170 A US3877170 A US 3877170A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cup
parts
toy
portions
sides
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Expired - Lifetime
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US403666A
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Johannes Bakker
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Johannes Bakker
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Priority to NL7304435A priority Critical patent/NL7304435A/xx
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements
    • A63H33/08Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails
    • A63H33/088Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements provided with complementary holes, grooves, or protuberances, e.g. dovetails with holes

Abstract

A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts, each of said parts having a lower portion and an upper portion, said lower portion being shorter than that upper portion, the lower portion and the upper portion of each cup-like part having such a cross-sectional surface that said lower portion may be fitted clampingly in the upper portion of each one of the cup-like parts of another toy element, the cup-like parts of the toy element being interconnected by at least one connecting part, all this in such a way that with a number of said toy elements different spatial structures and compositions may be made.

Description

United States Patent Bakker Apr. 15, 1975 CONSTRUCTION TOY ELEMENT Primary ExaminerL0uis G. Mancene [76] Inventor: Johannes Bakker, Beatrijspad, 23, Asslsmm Bummer-Robert Cuttmg Amersfoort Netherlands Attorney, Agent, or FzrmClarence A. OBnen;

Harvey B. Jacobson [22] Filed: Oct. 4, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 403,666 [57] ABSTRACT A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts, [30] Foreign Application Priority Data each of said parts having a lower portion and an upper Mar. 30, 1973 Netherlands 7304435 Portion Said lower 86mg Shorter than that upper portion, the lower portion and the upper por- 52 U.S. Cl 46/23; 46/25 Of each CUP-like having Such a cross- [51] Int. Cl A63h 33/08 SectiOnal Surface that Said lower Portion may be fitted [58] Field of Search 46/23, 25, 26 clampingly in the PP of each of the cup-like parts of another toy element, the cup-like [56] References Cited parts of the toy element being interconnected by at UNITED STATES PATENTS least one connecting part, all this in such a way that with a number of said toy elements different spatial gggggg 2/132; 12/32 structures and compositkms may be made 10 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures CONSTRUCTION TOY ELEMENT This invention relates to toy elements and aims at providing toy elements which can be easily. rapidly and cheaply manufactured and which are embodied in such a way that according to the fancy ofa child playing with said toy elements it is possible to form with said elements combinations ranging from very simple ones to very complicated ones so that said toy elements are suitable both for small and older children.

This aim is arrived at with the toy element according to the invention in that it comprises two or more spaced cup-like parts in which each of them comprises a portion extending from the bottom and having a small height, said portion fitting clampingly in the upper portion of a cup-like part of another element, said upper portion having a height which is a few times larger than the height of the shorter portion, both portions of greater height of the cup-like parts or of each two consecutive cup-like parts of the toy element being interconnected by at least one connecting part. In view of the fact that the exterior cross-sectional surface of the portion having the smallest height is substantially equal to the interior cross-sectional surface of the portion of the largest height, said portions having the smallest height can be inserted clampingly in a portion having the largest height of another toy element. The toy element according to the invention may be manufactured, in a manner known per se, from synthetic polymer material, for example polyvinyl chloride. Since each two toy elements can be interconnected in various positions, it is possible to form many different combinations with one and the same number of toy elements according to the invention. A child having a number of toy elements may supplement said number with any number of identical toy elements so that it is capable of building more complicated representations.

According to the invention both cup-like parts may be identical and the exterior cross-sectional surface of the portion having a small height may be substantially equal to the interior cross-sectional surface of the portion of larger height of each cup-like part.

A preferred embodiment of the toy element according to the invention is characterized in that the crosssection of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of an equilaterial polygon. Thus the composition of the required representations or structures is easier because the toy elements can assume a number of positions relative to each other corresponding with the number of sides of the polygon which at the maximum is equal to the number of sides of each toy element.

The toy element according to the invention is embodied such that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of an equilaterial polygon. Such a toy element offers the advantage that the elements are adapted to interlock with comparatively broad surfaces enabling the forming of sturdy spatial structures or compositions.

If necessary the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts may be circular.

In order to arrive at a satisfactory clamping of the toy elements. when the portions of small height of the toy element are inserted in the portions of larger height, the inner wall of each cup-like part may be provided with at least one projection in the form of a rib or raised portion extending over at least part of said inner wall. It is preferred that the inner wall of the sides of each of the cup-like parts is alternately provided with two ribs extendingv parallel to each other.

A sturdy toy element according to the invention is obtained if the two cup-like parts or each two consecutive cup-like parts are interconnected by two parallel sheet-like connecting members connecting two parallel sides of said cup-like parts at the angular points, said sheet-like connecting members having a width which is equal to the width of the sides of the polygonal crosssection of the cup-like parts. It is preferred that the lower ends of the two sheet-like connecting members being interconnected by a bottom, said bottom being likewise connected with the cup-like parts.

The invention will be further explained below with reference to the drawings showing by way of example some embodiments of the toy element according to the invention.

The drawings show in:

FIG. 1 a side view, partially in section of the toy element with two cup-like parts having a cross-section in the form of an equilateral octagon;

FIG. 2 a top plan view of the toy element shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 diagrammatically a toy element having three cup-like parts, and

FIG. 4 diagrammatically a toy element the cup-like parts of which have a circular cross-section.

The toy element 1 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 comprises two identical cup-like parts having an equilateral octagonal cross-section and consists preferably of a suitable synthetic material, for example polyvinyl chloride. Each cup has a portion 2 and a portion 4 respectively of greater height than the portions 3 and 5 respectively of said cup-like parts. The height of the portion 2 and 4 is in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 three times the height of the portions 3 and 5.

The interior cross-sectional surface of the portions 2 and 4 of the cup-like parts is substantially equal to the exterior cross-sectional surface of the portions 3 and 5 so that the portions 3 and 5 of a toy element can be inserted into the portions 2 and 4 of other toy elements. Since the cup-like parts may assume eight different positions relative to the cup-like part of another toy element into which they are inserted, it is possible to create very complicated three-dimensional structures therewith. As a result of the difference in size of crosssectional surfaces of the portions 2, 4 and 3, 5 there is formed at the transition of the portions 3 and 5 with the smallest cross-sectional surface in the portions 2 and 4 with the largest cross-sectional surface a stop shoulder 6 serving as a stop for the portions 2 and 4 of the cuplike parts having the largest cross-section.

The portions 2 and 4 of the cup-like parts are interconnected at two consecutive ribs of said portions 2 and 4 by two connecting walls 7, 8 and a bottom 9 so that there is a cup of rectangular cross-section between said two cup-like portions 2 and 4. The width of the connecting walls equals the width of the sides of the cup-like portions 2 and 4 so that in the space formed by each of the connecting walls and the adjoining sides of the cup-like portions 2 and 4 a corresponding portion of another toy element may fit.

As is apparent from FIG. 2 the inner walls of the cuplike portions 2 and 4 are provided alternately with two parallel ribs 10. As a result the cup-like portions 3 and 5 are firmly clamped in the cup-like portions 2 and 4 of a toy element situated underneath.

FIG. 3 shows diagrammatically a toy element having three cup-like parts l1, l2, l3 interconnected by two cup-like parts 14, having a rectangular crosssection, and FIG. 4 shows diagrammatically a toy element comprising two cup-like parts l6, l7 interconnected by a cup-like part with curved walls l8, 19.

It is obvious that the invention is not restricted to the embodiments described above by way of example and shown in the drawings, but that these may be constructed in many ways without departing from the scope of the invention. The cross-sections of the cuplike parts may have for example also the shape of an equilateral hexagon or some other polygon. Furthermore the sides of the portions 2 and 4 having the largest height need not be flat but from a distance from the top end down to the bottom end they may have any shape.

I claim:

1. A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts, each of said parts having a lower portion extending upwards from the bottom and an upper portion, said lower portion having an outer cross-sectional surface which is substantially equal to the inner crosssectional surface of the upper portion so that said lower portion cla'mpingly fits in the upper portion of a cuplike part of another toy element, said upper portions having a height which is larger than the height of the lower portion, the portions of greater height of the cuplike parts of the toy element being interconnected by at least one connecting part forming a single piece with the upper portions of the two cup-like parts of said toy element.

2. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts of said toy element are identical.

3. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts of said toy element has the shape of an equilateral polygon.

4. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of an equilateral octagon.

5. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of a circle.

6. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall of each cup-like part is provided with at least one projection such as a rib and a raised portion, said projection extending over at least part of said inner wall.

7. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall of the sides of each of the cup-like parts is alternately provided with two ribs extending parallel to each other.

8. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts have an equilateral polygonal cross-section, said connecting part comprising two parallel sheet-like connecting members, each connecting members connecting two sides of said cup-like parts at the angular points and having a width which is substantially equal to the width of the sides of the polygonal cross-section of the cup-like parts.

9. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts have an equilateral polygonal cross-section, said connecting part comprising two parallel sheet-like connecting members, said connecting members connecting two sides of said cup-like parts at the angular points and having a width which is substantially equal to the width of the sides of the polygonal cross-section of the cuplike parts, the lower ends of the sheet-like connecting members being connected by I a bottom which is likewise connected with the corresponding walls of the cup-like parts.

10. A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts. each of said parts having a lower portion and an upper portion, said lower and upper portions having complementary external and internal cross-sectional shapes, respectively, for removable frictionally resisted telescoping engagement of said lower portion into the upper portion of an identical toy element, said upper portions each being of an interior height greater than the exterior height of each lower portion. said cup-like parts being disposed in side-by-side spaced apart relation, and connecting structure formed integrally with and extending between adjacent sides of said upper portions, said connecting structure establishing a spacing between adjacent sides of said lower portions greater than the sum of the wall thicknesses of said

Claims (10)

1. A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts, each of said parts having a lower portion extending upwards from the bottom and an upper portion, said lower portion having an outer cross-sectional surface which is substantially equal to the inner cross-sectional surface of the upper portion so that said lower portion clampingly fits in the upper portion of a cup-like part of another toy element, said upper portions having a height which is larger than the height of the lower portion, the portions of greater height of the cup-like parts of the toy element being interconnected by at least one connecting part forming a single piece with the upper portions of the two cup-like parts of said toy element.
2. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts of said toy element are identical.
3. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts of said toy element has the shape of an equilateral polygon.
4. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of an equilateral octagon.
5. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each of the cup-like parts has the shape of a circle.
6. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall of each cup-like part is provided with at least one projection such as a rib and a raised portion, said projection extending over at least part of said inner wall.
7. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall of the sides of each of the cup-like parts is alternately provided with two ribs extending parallel to each other.
8. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts have an equilateral polygonal cross-section, said connecting part comprising two parallel sheet-like connecting members, each connecting members connecting two sides of said cup-like parts at the angular points and having a width which is substantially equal to the width of the sides of the polygonal cross-section of the cup-like parts.
9. A toy element according to claim 1, characterized in that the cup-like parts have an equilateral polygonal cross-section, said connecting part comprising two parallel sheet-like connecting members, said connecting members connecting two sides of said cup-like parts at the angular points and having a width which is substantially equal to the width of the sides of the polygonal cross-section of the cup-like parts, the lower ends of the sheet-like connecting members being connected by a bottom which is likewise connected with the corresponding walls of the cup-like parts.
10. A toy element comprising at least two cup-like parts, each of said parts having a lower portion and an upper portion, said lower and upper portions having complementary external and internal cross-sectional shapes, respectively, for removable frictionally resisted telescoping engagement of said lower portion into the upper portion of an identical toy element, said upper portions each being of an interior height greater than the exterior height of each lower portion, said cup-like parts being disposed in side-by-side spaced apart relation, and connecting structure formed integrally with and extending between adjacent sides of said upper portions, said connecting structure establishing a spacing between adjacent sides of said lower portions greater than the sum of the wall thicknesses of said upper portions.
US403666A 1973-03-30 1973-10-04 Construction toy element Expired - Lifetime US3877170A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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NL7304435A NL7304435A (en) 1973-03-30 1973-03-30

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US3877170A true US3877170A (en) 1975-04-15

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US (1) US3877170A (en)
JP (1) JPS5030644A (en)
AT (1) AT339184B (en)
CA (1) CA1023941A (en)
DE (1) DE2348942A1 (en)
ES (1) ES424118A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2223958A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1439343A (en)
IT (1) IT999055B (en)
NL (1) NL7304435A (en)
ZA (1) ZA7401402B (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4074880A (en) * 1977-01-12 1978-02-21 Ludger Simond Climbing wedge
US4249336A (en) * 1980-03-03 1981-02-10 Bernstein Lawrence A Construction toy
US4764143A (en) * 1985-09-19 1988-08-16 Daniel Low Assembly toys for joining cylindrical objects
USD420062S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-02-01 Connector Set Limited Partnership Single stud construction toy block
USD420711S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-02-15 Connector Set Limited Partnership Dual stud construction toy block
USD426588S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-06-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Treble stud construction toy block
US6086444A (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-07-11 Connector Set Limited Partnership Block-type construction toy
USD435609S (en) * 1999-12-21 2000-12-26 Soren Christian Sorensen Toy building element
FR2821569A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2002-09-06 I Cheng Chiu Octagonal toy brick comprises base and two secondary octagonal seats fixed to each other with two triangular notches between each seat, octagonal protuberances are formed on upper part of secondary seat
US20060043674A1 (en) * 2004-08-25 2006-03-02 Hasbro, Inc. Three-dimensional game board with interlocking elements and mating accessories
US20060059824A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-23 Austin Barbisch Block structure
US20120211455A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-08-23 Luciana Doglione Self-bear furniture modules and elements made of metal, in particular made of a die-cast aluminum alloy, and process for their possible surface finishing
US20130143467A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2013-06-06 Mattel, Inc. Toy building blocks
US8468957B2 (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-06-25 Whitmor, Inc. Multi-orientation stacking riser
WO2014154204A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Peter Dahlhausen Building element and system having such a building element
US9427675B2 (en) * 2014-02-05 2016-08-30 Mei-Tru Lin Hexagonal block and its stand
CN106029193A (en) * 2013-11-28 2016-10-12 月球循环公司 Connectable element for creating chains and spatial structures
USD796344S1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2017-09-05 Winehive, Inc. Stackable storage unit or building unit
USD814567S1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-04-03 Travis Franklin Ink cups
US20180104612A1 (en) * 2016-10-18 2018-04-19 Mattel, Inc. Modular toy play sets
USD816163S1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-04-24 Travis Franklin Ink cups
USD850655S1 (en) * 2017-01-04 2019-06-04 Furious People Hexagonal rigging block
USD874680S1 (en) * 2017-01-04 2020-02-04 Furious People Hexagonal rigging block

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5547600Y2 (en) * 1975-08-08 1980-11-07
DE8603643U1 (en) * 1986-02-12 1986-04-10 Rudolf, Bodo, 7980 Ravensburg, De
DE29612258U1 (en) * 1996-07-15 1997-01-02 Dausend Hans Werner terminal block
JP6005711B2 (en) * 2014-05-08 2016-10-12 学校法人東京電機大学 Assembly structure
JP6025807B2 (en) * 2014-11-27 2016-11-16 学校法人東京電機大学 Assembly structure

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3000134A (en) * 1957-02-28 1961-09-19 Guild Arts And Crafts Inc Toy building blocks
US3086629A (en) * 1959-07-08 1963-04-23 Blitzer Bud Structural panels and elements thereof

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4428525Y1 (en) * 1968-05-13 1969-11-26

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3000134A (en) * 1957-02-28 1961-09-19 Guild Arts And Crafts Inc Toy building blocks
US3086629A (en) * 1959-07-08 1963-04-23 Blitzer Bud Structural panels and elements thereof

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4074880A (en) * 1977-01-12 1978-02-21 Ludger Simond Climbing wedge
US4249336A (en) * 1980-03-03 1981-02-10 Bernstein Lawrence A Construction toy
US4764143A (en) * 1985-09-19 1988-08-16 Daniel Low Assembly toys for joining cylindrical objects
USD420062S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-02-01 Connector Set Limited Partnership Single stud construction toy block
USD420711S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-02-15 Connector Set Limited Partnership Dual stud construction toy block
USD426588S (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-06-13 Connector Set Limited Partnership Treble stud construction toy block
US6086444A (en) * 1998-12-21 2000-07-11 Connector Set Limited Partnership Block-type construction toy
USD435609S (en) * 1999-12-21 2000-12-26 Soren Christian Sorensen Toy building element
FR2821569A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2002-09-06 I Cheng Chiu Octagonal toy brick comprises base and two secondary octagonal seats fixed to each other with two triangular notches between each seat, octagonal protuberances are formed on upper part of secondary seat
US20060043674A1 (en) * 2004-08-25 2006-03-02 Hasbro, Inc. Three-dimensional game board with interlocking elements and mating accessories
US20060059824A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-23 Austin Barbisch Block structure
US20130143467A1 (en) * 2009-02-13 2013-06-06 Mattel, Inc. Toy building blocks
US8961259B2 (en) * 2009-02-13 2015-02-24 Mattel, Inc. Toy building blocks
US20120211455A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-08-23 Luciana Doglione Self-bear furniture modules and elements made of metal, in particular made of a die-cast aluminum alloy, and process for their possible surface finishing
US8468957B2 (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-06-25 Whitmor, Inc. Multi-orientation stacking riser
WO2014154204A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Peter Dahlhausen Building element and system having such a building element
CN106029193A (en) * 2013-11-28 2016-10-12 月球循环公司 Connectable element for creating chains and spatial structures
CN106029193B (en) * 2013-11-28 2019-04-02 月球循环公司 For generating the connectable element of chain and stereochemical structure
US9427675B2 (en) * 2014-02-05 2016-08-30 Mei-Tru Lin Hexagonal block and its stand
USD796344S1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2017-09-05 Winehive, Inc. Stackable storage unit or building unit
USD814567S1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-04-03 Travis Franklin Ink cups
USD816163S1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-04-24 Travis Franklin Ink cups
US20180104612A1 (en) * 2016-10-18 2018-04-19 Mattel, Inc. Modular toy play sets
CN107952253A (en) * 2016-10-18 2018-04-24 美泰有限公司 Modular toy game external member
US10112120B2 (en) * 2016-10-18 2018-10-30 Mattel, Inc. Modular toy play sets
USD850655S1 (en) * 2017-01-04 2019-06-04 Furious People Hexagonal rigging block
USD874680S1 (en) * 2017-01-04 2020-02-04 Furious People Hexagonal rigging block

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2223958A5 (en) 1974-10-25
ES424118A1 (en) 1976-09-01
NL7304435A (en) 1974-10-02
CA1023941A1 (en)
ZA7401402B (en) 1975-01-29
AT339184B (en) 1977-10-10
ATA174474A (en) 1977-01-15
DE2348942A1 (en) 1974-10-03
JPS5030644A (en) 1975-03-26
GB1439343A (en) 1976-06-16
IT999055B (en) 1976-02-20
CA1023941A (en) 1978-01-10

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