US3871905A - Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt - Google Patents

Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt Download PDF

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US3871905A
US3871905A US307216A US30721672A US3871905A US 3871905 A US3871905 A US 3871905A US 307216 A US307216 A US 307216A US 30721672 A US30721672 A US 30721672A US 3871905 A US3871905 A US 3871905A
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casting
coating
metal
flexible
layer
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US307216A
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Charles J Petry
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Hazelett Strip Casting Corp
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Hazelett Strip Casting Corp
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • C04B35/634Polymers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/06Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths into moulds with travelling walls, e.g. with rolls, plates, belts, caterpillars
    • B22D11/0637Accessories therefor
    • B22D11/0648Casting surfaces
    • B22D11/0654Casting belts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/66Monolithic refractories or refractory mortars, including those whether or not containing clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C24/00Coating starting from inorganic powder
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
    • C04B2111/00525Coating or impregnation materials for metallic surfaces
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00612Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 as one or more layers of a layered structure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/42Non metallic elements added as constituents or additives, e.g. sulfur, phosphor, selenium or tellurium
    • C04B2235/422Carbon

Abstract

A method of forming a protective thermally insulating coating for use on a moving flexible surface for casting molten metal, such as flexible metal belts used in continuous metal strip casting machines and processes, this coating having two layers, the first layer comprising finely divided insulative material, for example, diatomaceous earth in a thermosetting resin, which also includes finely divided graphite mixed with the diatomaceous earth and the second layer comprising amorphous carbon and a small amount of resin binder. The coatings are applied to the casting surface in solution with the first coating, applied to a metal surface that has been pre-treated by roughening.

Description

States Patent [19 Petry 1 Mar. 18, 1975 METHOD OF FORMING A PROTECTIVE,

FLEXIBLE, INSULATING COATING FOR COVERING THE METAL CASTING SURFACE OF A FLEXIBLE CASTING BELT [21] Appl. No.: 307,216

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 791.201 7/1968 Canada Primary Examiner-Norman G. Torchin Assistant Examiner-John L. Goodrow Attorney, Agent, or FirmParmelee, Johnson & Bollinger [57] ABSTRACT I A method of forming a protective thermally insulating coating for use on a moving flexible surface for casting molten metal, such as flexible metal belts used in continuous metal strip casting machines and processes, this coating having two layers, the first layer comprising finely divided insulative material, for example, diatomaceous earth in a thermosetting resin, which also includes finely divided graphite mixed with the diatomaceous earth and the second layer comprising amorphous carbon and a small amount of resin binder. The coatings are applied to the casting surface in solution with the first coating, applied to a metal surface that has been pre-treated by roughening.

1 Claim, 1 Drawing Figure PATENTEBH M 81% 3.871.905

' l CQOLING MED|UM I :.::::::l':/

CASTING BELT TWO LAYER COATING SOLIDIFIED METAL*- MOLTEN METAL TWO LAYER COATING SOOT WASH LAYER DURABLE INSULATIVE LAYER s ROUGHENED BELT 2 SURFACE METHOD OF FORMING A PROTECTIVE,

FLEXIBLE, INSULATING COATING FOR COVERING THE METAL CASTING SURFACE OF A FLEXIBLE CASTING BELT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to flexible steel belts used in continuous metal strip casting machines and processes. More particularly, this invention is directed to a method of applying to casting belts a protective and thermally insulating coating and the compositions of such method.

In the Hazelett process for the continuous strip casting of metal, molten metal, such as aluminum, zinc, or the like, is introduced between two synchronously moving endless metal belts which serve as a mold for the solidification of the molten metal. The outer surfaces of these moving casting belts are cooled by rapidly moving layers of coolant, such as water. It is important, in successful operation of the Hazelett process, that heat be extracted uniformly from the molten metal across the widths of the belts and therefore uniform contact between the surface of the solidifying metal and the surfaces of the belts is desirably maintained.

In the past, it has been found beneficial to provide some type of thermally insulative coating on the belt surfaces in order to minimize difficulties arising from casting directly on uncoated belts. That is, too rapid freezing of the casting metal and resultant irregularities responsible for lack of uniform contact and heat extraction are desirably avoided.

2. Description of the Prior Art in Canadian patent No. 791,201, based on US. Patent application Ser. No. 415,436 filed Dec. 2, 1964, there is disclosed a casting belt coating or dressing composition comprising finely divided carbon, such as graphite or acetylene black, admixed with watersoluble and/or alcohol-soluble organic resin. Also disclosed as an insulative coating is an aqueous dispersion of finely divided acetylene black or graphite and diatomaceous silica, or similar finely divided refractory powder, together with polyvinyl pyrrolidone resin. Although these coatings are said to have a service life which may approximate the mechanical service life of the belt itself, the dressing compositions are said to be capable of application while the belts are on the machine, normally between runs and also during operation if required, so that damaged or excessively worn dressings can be restored.

Other coatings, known as soot washes, have been generally applied after the casting belt is installed on the caster and are maintained or reapplied during casting or between casts. Such coatings consist of amorphous carbon in a quick drying solvent and may include a small amount of resin binder. The life of such a coating is very short.

I have found that a coating, according to the Canadian Patent, comprising finely divided carbon and finely divided insulative refractory material in an aqueous or alcoholic medium containing organic resin binder wears down during casting, undesirably changing the heat transfer characteristics. Since the coating wears down during operation, the thermal conductivity over the coating and metal casting surface varies from run to run, so that the machine operation must be almost constantly observed and adjusted to accommonon-uniform wearing with the result that there are diffferences in thermal conductivity over different areas of the belt surface. Such non-uniformity results in uneven solidification of the molten metal and a defective product. Additionally, non-uniform thermal conductivity over different'belt areas can result in belt distortion at the extremely high casting temperatures utilized and resulting product disabilities.

Another disadvantage of the graphite, diatomaceous earth and organic resin binder coating of the prior art is that the wear of the coating exposes the particles of the diatomaceous earth or other insulating material to the metal. These particles are then trapped and absorbed on the surface of the cast metal strip causing subsequent finishing problems in rolling operations and the like as well as quality problems associated with the presence of those impurities.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention overcomes the disadvantages associated with the prior art casting belt coatings by providing a two-layer belt coating which is superior in wear resistance than the coatings of the prior art. The first layer of the coating of this invention comprises finely divided insulative material carried in a thermosetting resin and organic solvent, for example, this insulative material is diatomaceous earth, which may also be mixed with finely divided graphite. The second layer comprises amorphous carbon in a quick-drying solvent and a small amount of resin binder. Important is the fact that this second layer has maximum non-wettability by the molten metal being cast and preserves the integrity of the first layer, particularly its heat transfer characteristics. As long as this second layer or top coat is maintained, contact between the insulating filler material in the first layer coating and the molten metal casting is eliminated. This contributes to the long life of the protective and insulating first layer enabling attainment of a coated casting belt having a service life longer than heretofore obtainable.

The first layer is applied to the casting belt by applying the material onto a belt surface which has been pretreated by etching and/or oxide blasting. The first layer may be applied by spraying, roller coating, brushing, etc., and is followed by heating for a time and temperature sufficient to assure that the thermosetting resin is cured. The heat treatment can be shortened or eliminated by adding curing catalysts to the mixture.

Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide a method of forming a flexible protective insulative coating for a metal casing surface exhibiting superior resistance to physical degradation and exceptional maintenance of heat transfer characteristics.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a method of forming a flexible protective insulative coating having two layers, the first of which is primarily insulative and the second of which is primarily protective and not wettable by the molten metel being cast.

An additional object of this invention is the provision of a method of coating a metal casting surface by oxide blasting the surface to increase adherence thereto.

A yet further object of this invention is the provision of a method of forming a flexible metal casting belt having a flexible protective insulative coating including cured thermosetting resin.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The accompanying drawing shows in its sole figure a cross section, taken parallel to the direction of travel, of two coated casting belts having molten metal being cast therebetween as is common in the Hazelett continuous metal strip casting process and machine. The legends on the drawing aid in understanding thereof and characterize the casting belts with their two-layer coating, the molten metal, the solidified metal in the vicinity of the casting belts and the cooling medium applied to the casting belts.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the figure, there is shown a cross section through parallel continuous casting belts, as used in the Hazelett process and apparatus for the continuous strip casting of metal. The direction of travel of the belts and casting is to the right, as indicated by the arrow at the right of the figure.

The casting belts 2 are fabricated from steel, or other alloys, which provide toughness and resistance to abrasion and physical damage as well as resistance to the temperature shocks and heat differential stresses undergone during casting. These flexible metal casting belts can be made in various widths depending upon the desired width of the continuously cast product to be made thereby, for example some are as narrow as eight inches and others have a width up to approximately one hundred inches. Their thicknesses lie in the range of 0.015 to 0.060 of an inch and, therefore, these belts are quite flexible. The belts are cooled on their outer surfaces by rapidly moving layers of coolant 1 created and maintained traveling along the outer surfaces of the belts 2. The coolant may be water in which case suitable corrosion inhibiters are added.

The molten metal 6 is introduced between the continuously moving belts and as the heat is uniformly extracted from the molten metal, it begins to solidify in the area adjacent to the cooled casting belts. The gradual solidification of the metal is indicated at 7 where is seen solidified metal increasing in thickness as the belt progresses down stream to the right. The degree of gradual solidification shown in illustrative only and not necessarily to scale.

The belts are provided with a two-layer coating which protects the belts from mechanical damage and wear and deterioration in use arising from physical impingement and thermal shock. Because the belts are flexible and the coatings must flex with the belt, they are preferably thin and must adhere to the belt surface firmly. The belt surface is shown to be etched and/or oxide blasted at 8. Such surface treatment assists in assuring that the bond between the coating and the belt is securely maintained. The coating thickness of the two layers 5 is of the order of 0001-0004 inch depending upon the insulating capacity of the materials used.

The figure, while not to scale or accurate proportion, presents an approximate relationship between the thicknesses involved when one considers that the casting belt may be 0.060 inch thick, the two-layer coating 0.0030 inch and the casting metal 0.50 inch, as typical.

The first layer 3 of the two-layer coating 5 preferably comprises finely divided insulative material carried in a thermosetting resin and organic solvent, for example,

this insulative material is diatomaceous earth, which may also be mixed with finely divided graphite. This material is sprayed on the etched and/or oxide blasted belt surface 8 and then cured by heating for approximately one hour at a temperature of 450F. The heat treatment time and temperature is dependent upon the resin used and readily ascertainable. The time can be shortened by adding catalysts to the mixture. The use of thermosetting resin in contact with a roughened belt surface assures good adherence of the coating and high bond strength contributing to long useful life of the belt coating.

Alternatively, this first layer can be comprised of diatomaceous earth and resin only, eliminating the finely divided graphite. However, when the finely divided insulative material in this first layer is diatomaceous earth, it has been found the the addition of grahite gives added strength and durability to the coating. Other finely divided heat insulative refractory materials, such' as inorganic, particle form refractory material, such as pumice, asbestos, alumina, talc and the like, may be used. When diatomaceous earth is used, an advantageous form for use herein is diatomaceous silica, such as that sold as Snowfloss by Johns-Manville Company. The finely divided graphite can be replaced by any finely divided carbon particle in an organic or other solvent suitably selected to form a solution with the thermosetting resin chosen.

The second layer 4 is similar to those belt dressings known as soot washes and comprise amorphous carbon in a quick-drying solvent and a small amount of resin binder. It may be applied after the belt is installed on the casting machine and maintained or reapplied during the casting process or between casts. It is important that this second layer have maximum non-wettability by the molten metal and thus preserve the integrity of the first layer. The second layer eliminates contact between the insulating layer 3 and the casting as long as it is maintained and contributes to its durability and long life.

The unique association of the two layers results in a casting belt coating which protects the belt against physical wear due to contact with the metal being cast and insulates it from the thermal shocks present during the casting process. Thus, a belt service life, longer than heretofore practicably attainable, is obtained. Improved castings free from quality defects arising from worn belts which have been inadequately protected and insulated are also obtained with the coated belts of this invention.

I claim:

1. A method offorming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt used for confining molten metal during a continuous metal casting operation, comprising roughening the metal casting surface, applying a first coating comprising finely divided carbon and finely divided refractory material carried in a thermosetting resin and organic solvent to the roughened metal casting surface, heat curing the first coating to form a thermally insulative uniform first layer adjacent to the metal casting surface, and applying a second coating covering the first coating comprising amorphous carbon and a resin binder in a quick-drying solvent to form a second layer to be adjacent to the metal being cast and serving to eliminate contact between the first layer and the metal being cast.

' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 71,905 Dated March 18, 1975 Inventor(s) CHARLES J. PETRY It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the Cover Page of the Patent, Item 22, the filing date "November 16, 1972" should read November 17, 1972 Signed and Sealed this Twentieth Day Of July 1976 [SEAL] Attest:

RUTH C. MASON C. MARSHALL DANN At tesling Officer Commissioner oj'PatenIs and Trademarks

Claims (1)

1. A METHOD OF FORMING A PROTECTIVE, FLEXIBLE, INSULATING COATING FOR COVERING THE METAL CASTING SURFACE OF A FLEXIBLE CASTING BELT USED FOR CONFINING MOLTEN METAL DURING A CONTINUOUS METAL CASTING OPERATION, COMPRISING ROUGHENING THE METAL CASTING SURFACE, APPLYING A FIRST COATING COMPRISING FINELY DIVIDED CARBON AND FINELY DIVIDED REFRACTORY MATERIAL CARRIED IN A THERMOSETTING RESIN AND ORGANIC SOLVENT TO THE ROUGHENED METAL CASTING SURFACE, HEAT CURING THE FIRST COATING TO FORM A THERMALLY INSULATIVE UNIFORM FIRST LAYER ADJACENT TO THE ADJACENT CASTING SURFACE, AND APPLYING A SECOND COATING COVERING THE FIRST COATING COMPRISING AMOSPHOUS CARBON AND A RESIN BINDER IN A QUICK-DRYING SOLVENT TO FORM A SECOND LAYER TO BE ADJACENT TO THE METAL BEING CAST AND SERVING TO ELIMINATE CONTACT BETWEEN THE FIRST LAYER AND THE METAL BEING CAST.
US307216A 1972-11-17 1972-11-17 Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt Expired - Lifetime US3871905A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US307216A US3871905A (en) 1972-11-17 1972-11-17 Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US307216A US3871905A (en) 1972-11-17 1972-11-17 Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt
CA185,216A CA1013537A (en) 1972-11-17 1973-11-07 Two-layer flexible coating for casting belts
DE2357088A DE2357088C2 (en) 1972-11-17 1973-11-15
FR7340732A FR2207028B1 (en) 1972-11-17 1973-11-15
BE137819A BE807403A (en) 1972-11-17 1973-11-16 Metal strip for continuous casting of molten metal mold
GB5346373A GB1450778A (en) 1972-11-17 1973-11-16 Coated metal casting surfaces

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US3871905A true US3871905A (en) 1975-03-18

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US307216A Expired - Lifetime US3871905A (en) 1972-11-17 1972-11-17 Method of forming a protective, flexible, insulating coating for covering the metal casting surface of a flexible casting belt

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US (1) US3871905A (en)
BE (1) BE807403A (en)
CA (1) CA1013537A (en)
DE (1) DE2357088C2 (en)
FR (1) FR2207028B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1450778A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4545423A (en) * 1983-05-10 1985-10-08 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Refractory coating of edge-dam blocks for the purpose of preventing longitudinal bands of sinkage in the product of a continuous casting machine
US4588021A (en) * 1983-11-07 1986-05-13 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Matrix coatings on endless flexible metallic belts for continuous casting machines method of forming such coatings and the coated belts
US4648438A (en) * 1982-04-28 1987-03-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Method and apparatus for feeding and continuously casting molten metal with inert gas applied to the moving mold surfaces and to the entering metal
EP0304607A2 (en) * 1983-11-07 1989-03-01 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Apparatus for making matrix coatings
AU600825B2 (en) * 1983-11-07 1990-08-23 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Machine for applying insulative and protective coating
LT3320B (en) 1988-01-28 1995-06-26 Larex Ag A method of continuously casting and a device for carrying out the method
US5477912A (en) * 1993-09-28 1995-12-26 Aluminum Company Of America Roll for use in a belt caster and an associated method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3193888A (en) * 1961-08-29 1965-07-13 Aluminium Lab Ltd Continuous casting apparatus including endless steel belt with red iron oxide coating
US3657380A (en) * 1969-12-09 1972-04-18 Du Pont High temperature resistant coating composition of an aromatic polyamide and an epoxy resin
US3761047A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-09-25 Gould Inc Mold coating

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3163896A (en) * 1961-06-23 1965-01-05 Aluminium Lab Ltd Coated belt and method of making same for continuous metal casting process
US3795269A (en) * 1972-03-27 1974-03-05 Alcan Res & Dev Method of and apparatus for casting on moving surfaces

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3193888A (en) * 1961-08-29 1965-07-13 Aluminium Lab Ltd Continuous casting apparatus including endless steel belt with red iron oxide coating
US3657380A (en) * 1969-12-09 1972-04-18 Du Pont High temperature resistant coating composition of an aromatic polyamide and an epoxy resin
US3761047A (en) * 1971-08-09 1973-09-25 Gould Inc Mold coating

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4648438A (en) * 1982-04-28 1987-03-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Method and apparatus for feeding and continuously casting molten metal with inert gas applied to the moving mold surfaces and to the entering metal
US4545423A (en) * 1983-05-10 1985-10-08 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Refractory coating of edge-dam blocks for the purpose of preventing longitudinal bands of sinkage in the product of a continuous casting machine
US4588021A (en) * 1983-11-07 1986-05-13 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Matrix coatings on endless flexible metallic belts for continuous casting machines method of forming such coatings and the coated belts
EP0304607A2 (en) * 1983-11-07 1989-03-01 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Apparatus for making matrix coatings
EP0304607A3 (en) * 1983-11-07 1989-11-02 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Apparatus for making matrix coatings
AU600825B2 (en) * 1983-11-07 1990-08-23 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Machine for applying insulative and protective coating
LT3320B (en) 1988-01-28 1995-06-26 Larex Ag A method of continuously casting and a device for carrying out the method
US5477912A (en) * 1993-09-28 1995-12-26 Aluminum Company Of America Roll for use in a belt caster and an associated method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA1013537A (en) 1977-07-12
DE2357088A1 (en) 1974-05-30
BE807403A1 (en)
FR2207028A1 (en) 1974-06-14
BE807403A (en) 1974-03-15
FR2207028B1 (en) 1978-11-17
CA1013537A1 (en)
DE2357088C2 (en) 1983-02-03
GB1450778A (en) 1976-09-29

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