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US3864936A - Container for shipping perishables - Google Patents

Container for shipping perishables Download PDF

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Publication number
US3864936A
US3864936A US43365174A US3864936A US 3864936 A US3864936 A US 3864936A US 43365174 A US43365174 A US 43365174A US 3864936 A US3864936 A US 3864936A
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Prior art keywords
compartment
box
freight
walls
side
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Martin Frank
Karl Frank
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BURGER EISENWERKE AG
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BURGER EISENWERKE AG
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D3/00Devices using other cold materials; Devices using cold-storage bodies
    • F25D3/12Devices using other cold materials; Devices using cold-storage bodies using solidified gases, e.g. carbon-dioxide snow
    • F25D3/125Movable containers

Abstract

A closable box of insulating material spacedly surrounds a closed compartment having walls of heat-transmitting material. Dry ice is supported in the box above the compartment and as it sublimes carbon dioxide passes down around the compartment to cool perishables enclosed therein and exits from the box through an outlet opening in the floor thereof which is of variable cross-sectional area. The compartment is made of sheet metal and has one open side snugly pressing against an openable insulating door constituting a side of the box. This door is formed with at least one small pressure-equalization orifice opening into the freight compartment.

Description

1 Feb. 11, 1975 ABSTRACT A closable box of insulating material spacedly sur- CONTAINER FOR SHIPPING PERISHABLES 1,882,237 10/1932 2 9 933 Inventors: Martin Frank, Cologne; Karl 7x934 Frank, LillZ am Rl'llllfi, both of 250 3 5 1 Germany Assignee: Burger Eisenwerke AG, Primary E.\'aminerWi11iam J. Wye

Herborn/Dillkreis, Germany Attorney, Agent, or Firm--Kar1 F. Ross; Herbert Filed: Jan. 16, 1974 Appl. No; 433,651 [57] Foreign Application Priority Data rounds a closed compartment having walls of heat- Jfll'l. 3|, transmitting material Dry ice is upported in the box above the compartment and as it sublimes carbon di- United States Patent Frank et al.

oxide passes down around the compartment to cool perishables enclosed therein and exits from the box through an outlet opening in the floor thereof which is of variable cross-sectional area. The compartment is 42 6 5 5 0 6 4 3 u 6 6 5mm 2 8 a F n .1 B 0 7. 42 6 6 v 5 5 oo 8 3 B 2 Z 6 6 m m mh C H r n a e m S I C 5 n U Mn. H N 5 made of sheet metal and has one open side snugly pressing against an openable insulating door constituting a side of the box. This door is formed with at least one small pressure-equalization orifice opening into the freight compartment.

1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures THERMALLY (NSULATING FLOW OF EVOLVED HEAT CONDUCTIVE mU/ a [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,752,276 3/1930 Martin 1,864,259 6/1932 Small 1,870,685 8/1932 Lockwood 1,880,735 10/1932 CONTAINER FOR SHIPPING PERISI'IABLES FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a shipping container for a perishable fare shipment. More particularly this BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the shipping of perishable foodstuffs, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals it is often necessary to refrigerate the freight to a temperature well below C.

As a rule it is possible to surround the freight completely with carbon dioxide (CO so that such freight is simply loaded loosely into refrigerated containers and so-called dry ice is placed on top of the freight and the container is closed. Dry ice is solidified carbon dioxide which suplimes at a minus 78.5C so that outlet holes are provided in the insulated container to allow the evolved gas to escape. With foodstuffs it is often desirable to surround them with carbon dioxide gas, since this provides an atmosphere which inhibits the growth of many undesirable organisms. Many chemical products, however, should not be exposed to such gas, so that they must be packed in airtight containers within the shipping container. This double packing is expensive and time-consuming, and also is rarely highly effective as the packages tend to draw in the surrounding gas as they are cooled and their interior pressure drops.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved cold-type shipping container.

Another object is the provision of such container which will maintain the enclosed freight at 'a very low temperature, but wherein gas evolving from the cooling means is kept out of contact with the freight.

A further object is an insulated air freight container which is inexpensive to make and easy to use for the shipment of refrigerated freight.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION These objects are attained according to the present invention in a shipping container comprising an outer box in which the freight is held in a compartment which is substantially closed. An ice compartment above the freight compartment holds the ice and a vertical passage is provided in the chamber formed by the box next to the freight compartment and terminating at the floor of the box in an outlet opening into the outside. The ice melts as sublimes and evolves fluid which flows down in the passage past the freight compartment and then leaves the box through the outlet.

Thus the objects to be shipped are enclosed in the freight compartment which is cooled by the fluid evolved from the ice in an overhead compartment as this fluid runs down past the freight compartment. The fluid exits from the container after it has been warmed up by the freight compartment. Of course once the temperature is dropped to a sufficiently low level the ice will melt or sublime very slowly, only fast enough to compensate for heat leakage through the walls of the container.

According to other features of this invention the box has walls made of insulating material and the compartment has walls made of heat-conducting material such as metal so that little heat is picked up through the walls of the box, but much is passed through the compartment walls. The freight compartment has at least two side walls spaced inwardly from two respective side walls of the box. The space between these side walls is the passage, and a similar space isprovided between the bottom wall of the freight compartment and the bottom wall of the box with the outlet in the middle of the box bottom wall. The compartment and the box are both rectangularly parallelopipedal with at least one side of the compartment being one side of the box, this side constituting an openable portion allowing the freight compartment to be loaded. The ice compartment is formed between an openable cover forming a top wall of the box and a screen or perforated support overlying the freight compartment.

In accordance with further features of this invention the outlet is of variable cross-sectional area so that the flow rate through it can be varied to in turn vary the cooling rate. The freight compartment is vented to the outside also so as to prevent cooling of this compartment from sucking evolved carbon dioxide in as a result of a pressure drop in the freight compartment. The outlet according to yet another feature of the present invention can be connected to an apparatus which collects the cold carbon dioxide and uses it to precool, impregnate, or otherwise treat articles such as foodstuffs about to be loaded into other containers.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The above and other objects, features, and advantages of the invention will become more readily apparent from the following description, reference being made to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a vertical section partly in schematic form through a container according to the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a horizontal section through the container.

SPECIFIC DESCRIPTION The container comprises basically a box 10 having side walls Ila-d, a bottom wall lle, and a top wall formed as a cover I2 hinged at 24. This box 10 .is formed of heat-insulating material such as rigid polystyrene foam lined internally with a reflective coating 25. The upper part of the box 10 is formed by a removable collar 26 which defines an ice compartment 14. A plate 13 secured to the walls l1a-c is formed along these walls with notches 13a and is provided with short spacers 27 which support a perforated metal sheet 16 along with a central holding pin 28. A mass of frozen carbon dioxide 15 is supported on the plate 16 in the compartment l4 bounded by walls Ila-d, the plate 13, and the cover 12.

A freight compartment is formed in the housing 10 between three side walls l9a-c of sheet metal, a bottom wall 18 also of sheet metal, and a metal top wall 20 under which is supported an insulating top wall 21. The walls l9ac are spaced inwardly of the walls Ila-c and spacers 19f serve to maintain this spacing constant and define three vertical passages 23a-c which are connected through the cutout portions 13a to the upper compartment 14. Rollers 18a support the bottom wall 18 of the compartment 17 on the bottom wall lle of the outer box 10. The walls 19b and are provided with upper racks 19d formed as inwardly bent ridges and with lower racks 19e formed of brackets welded to the interiors of these walls, plates 22 serving to support objects in the freight compartment 17. The compartment 17 is open on one side and the walls 19b, 19c, 20, 21 and 18 all snugly abut this wall 11d of the box 10 so that this side 11d, which is actually a door hinged at 30, forms a side of both the ice compartment 14, the freight compartment 17, and forms ends of the passages 23b and 23c. Small holes 29 are formed in the upper third of the hinged door 11d. It should be noted that the wall 11a can also be formed as a door, in which case the compartment 17 would be opened at both ends and the space 23a and wall 190 would not exist.

The bottom wall lle of the box 10 is formed with a central hole 10a which is at least partially blocked by an apertured plug 10b having a central hole 10b whose cross-sectional area determines the amount of fluid, gas or liquid, that can flow out of the compartment 14 through the passages 23a-c which terminate at the passage 24 between walls 18 and lle. As the dry ice l sublimes, carbon dioxide gas, which is substantially denser than air, passes through the perforated plate 16 and descends from the compartment 14 through the notches 13a in all three passages 230-0, collecting in the passage 24 and passing out of the box through the hole 10b in the plug 10b. Since the walls 23a-c are thermally insulating and reflective, and the walls 23a-c are thermally conductive, this evolving fluid takes on heat from the freight compartment 17, thereby cooling the objects 0 on the shelves 22. The cooling rate is partially dependent on the size of orifice 10b, so that before the compartment 17 is loaded in place the packer merely inserts the appropriately sized plug 10b in the hole 10a, in this manner having a simple means of controlling the cooling. The freight compartment l7 can breathe through the holes 29 so that as its contents are cooled it will not suck carbon dioxide in.

It is possible as shown at 31 to catch the evolved carbon dioxide, and use this gas for example to precool other containers before they are charged with particulate dry ice as shown at 15, to serve as a protective gas or to form an impregnating gas.

We claim:

1. A shipping container comprising: an outer box forming a substantially closed chamber having a base formed with an outlet opening outside said box and into said chamber;

means in said chamber forming a substantially closed compartment adapted to receive freight;

means in said chamber above the freight compartment for supporting ice and forming an ice compartment;

means in said chamber defining a vertical passage next to and in heat-exchanging juxtaposition with said freight compartment and extending downwardly therepast from said ice compartment to said outlet, whereby fluid evolved from ice in said ice compartment flows down in said passage over said freight compartment to cool same and flows out of said chamber at said outlet, said box having a plurality of connected side walls, a top wall bridging said side walls above said ice compartment, and a bottom wall bridging said side walls below said freight compartment at said base, said walls being of insulating material, said means forming said freight compartment having at least two side walls spaced from two respective side walls of said box, a bottom wall spaced from the box bottom. wall, and a top wall spaced from the box top wall and defining therewith said ice compartment, said side walls of said freight compartment beigh of heatconducting material, said outlet being a throughgoing hole in the box bottom wall, said means forming said ice compartment including a rigid perforated support plate for said ice secured to said box side walls, at least one of the box side walls constituting a side wall of said compartment and being formed with an openable door, the latter wall being formed with at least one throughgoing hole opening on one side into said freight compartment and on the other side outside said box;

means for collecting gas leaving said box through said outlet; and

means for controlling the rate of evolution of fluid in said container by varying the cross-section of said outlet.

Claims (1)

1. A shipping container comprising: an outer box forming a substantially closed chamber having a base formed with an outlet opening outside said box and into said chamber; means in said chamber forming a substantially closed compartment adapted to receive freight; means in said chamber above the freight compartment for supporting ice and forming an ice compartment; means in said chamber defining a vertical passage next to and in heat-exchanging juxtaposition with said freight compartment and extending downwardly therepast from said ice compartment to said outlet, whereby fluid evolved from ice in said ice compartment flows down in said passage over said freight compartment to cool same and flows out of said chamber at said outlet, said box having a plurality of connected side walls, a top wall bridging said side walls above said ice compartment, and a bottom wall bridging said side walls below said freight compartment at said base, said walls being of insulating material, said means forming said freight compartment having at least two side walls spaced from two respective side walls of said box, a bottom wall spaced from the box bottom wall, and a top wall spaced from the box top wall and defining therewith said ice compartment, said side walls of said freight compartment beigh of heat-conducting material, said outlet being a throughgoing hole in the box bottom wall, said means forming said ice compartment including a rigid perforated support plate for said ice secured to said box side walls, at least one of the box side walls constituting a side wall of said compartment and being formed with an opEnable door, the latter wall being formed with at least one throughgoing hole opening on one side into said freight compartment and on the other side outside said box; means for collecting gas leaving said box through said outlet; and means for controlling the rate of evolution of fluid in said container by varying the cross-section of said outlet.
US3864936A 1973-01-31 1974-01-16 Container for shipping perishables Expired - Lifetime US3864936A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19732304718 DE2304718A1 (en) 1973-01-31 1973-01-31 Kuehlcontainer

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US3864936A true US3864936A (en) 1975-02-11

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US3864936A Expired - Lifetime US3864936A (en) 1973-01-31 1974-01-16 Container for shipping perishables

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US (1) US3864936A (en)
JP (1) JPS49106044A (en)
DE (1) DE2304718A1 (en)
ES (1) ES420681A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2216531B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1429815A (en)
NL (1) NL7315425A (en)

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4276752A (en) * 1978-09-22 1981-07-07 Pax Equipment Management, Inc. Refrigerated air cargo container
US4294079A (en) * 1980-03-12 1981-10-13 Better Agricultural Goals Corporation Insulated container and process for shipping perishables
US4299429A (en) * 1980-02-13 1981-11-10 Franklin Jr Paul R Cooler with inclined upper CO2 cooled surface
US4457142A (en) * 1981-10-16 1984-07-03 Firma Heinrich Bucher Method of chilling materials and chilling container
US4741167A (en) * 1986-11-20 1988-05-03 Wigley Freddie J Method and apparatus for transporting perishable materials
US4761969A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-08-09 Moe James S Refrigeration system
US4825666A (en) * 1987-11-12 1989-05-02 Saia Iii Louis P Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US4903494A (en) * 1989-08-21 1990-02-27 Wigley Freddie J Method for preparing ice for transportation
US4951479A (en) * 1989-11-24 1990-08-28 J.R. Simplot Company Refrigeration system
WO1990013778A1 (en) * 1989-05-01 1990-11-15 Saia Louis P Iii Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US4991402A (en) * 1987-11-12 1991-02-12 Saia Iii Louis P Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US5074126A (en) * 1987-10-02 1991-12-24 Societe Conseil Investissements Management Pour L'entreprise C.I.M.E. Sarl Mobile refrigerated chamber for food products
US5081850A (en) * 1989-05-25 1992-01-21 Hoshizaki Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Refrigerator
US5125237A (en) * 1987-11-12 1992-06-30 Louis P. Saia, III Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on airplanes, common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines, and the like
US5271233A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-12-21 African Oxygen Limited Method and means for providing refrigeration
US5323622A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-06-28 Cryo-Trans, Inc. Multi-temperature cryogenic refrigeration system
WO1994024498A1 (en) * 1993-04-19 1994-10-27 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus
US5397010A (en) * 1992-09-29 1995-03-14 L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude Isothermal container, particularly for transporting fresh or frozen products
US5660057A (en) * 1996-07-30 1997-08-26 Tyree, Jr.; Lewis Carbon dioxide railroad car refrigeration system
FR2802186A1 (en) * 1999-12-13 2001-06-15 Messer France refrigerated transport container of various products and process for its incorporation and loading
NL1016535C2 (en) * 2000-07-24 2002-01-25 Willem Cornelis Schuddebeurs Cooling device.
WO2003025479A2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2003-03-27 Lester Smith All purpose portable ice chest
US20040035139A1 (en) * 1999-07-21 2004-02-26 Lindsey Leslie John Refrigerated air freight container
US20050217310A1 (en) * 2004-04-01 2005-10-06 Luehrs Frederick G Refrigeration system and components thereof
US20080036238A1 (en) * 2006-08-11 2008-02-14 Weeda Dewey J Secondary door and temperature control system and method
US20110180550A1 (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-07-28 Kenneally Keith A Cooler box
US20140196496A1 (en) * 2011-08-16 2014-07-17 Gary Wayne Ferguson Delivery container for temperature sensitive goods
CN104859960A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-08-26 苏州市瑞晟医疗器械有限公司 Simple drug storage ice bucket

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2121154A (en) * 1982-06-01 1983-12-14 Jacqueline White A milk container
FR2760826B1 (en) * 1997-03-11 1999-04-23 Carboxyque Francaise refrigerated truck and reload installation refrigerant agent
JP2016030703A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-03-07 日本液炭株式会社 Storage method of dry ice

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1752276A (en) * 1928-12-08 1930-03-25 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerating apparatus and method
US1864259A (en) * 1929-02-21 1932-06-21 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerator car and detachable unit therefor
US1870685A (en) * 1928-04-12 1932-08-09 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerator truck body
US1880735A (en) * 1929-07-17 1932-10-04 James H Bell Refrigerator
US1882237A (en) * 1928-04-09 1932-10-11 Burt H Weston Refrigerating apparatus
US1926700A (en) * 1932-10-06 1933-09-12 Pennsylvania Railroad Co Railway refrigerator container
US1965205A (en) * 1932-03-12 1934-07-03 Walter L Smith Method of and apparatus for refrigeration with solid carbon dioxide
US2508385A (en) * 1947-08-08 1950-05-23 Charles B Hall Refrigerator container cooled by carbon dioxide ice

Family Cites Families (4)

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FR661487A (en) * 1928-10-04 1929-07-25 Drylce Equipment Corp refrigerating processes and solid carbonic acid treatment to serve as coolant
FR780534A (en) * 1934-01-17 1935-04-27 Improvements in refrigeration pregnant
US2432011A (en) * 1945-11-14 1947-12-02 John M Hall Ice refrigerator with an air pump circuit
JPS446031Y1 (en) * 1966-05-18 1969-03-05

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1882237A (en) * 1928-04-09 1932-10-11 Burt H Weston Refrigerating apparatus
US1870685A (en) * 1928-04-12 1932-08-09 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerator truck body
US1752276A (en) * 1928-12-08 1930-03-25 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerating apparatus and method
US1864259A (en) * 1929-02-21 1932-06-21 Dryice Equipment Corp Refrigerator car and detachable unit therefor
US1880735A (en) * 1929-07-17 1932-10-04 James H Bell Refrigerator
US1965205A (en) * 1932-03-12 1934-07-03 Walter L Smith Method of and apparatus for refrigeration with solid carbon dioxide
US1926700A (en) * 1932-10-06 1933-09-12 Pennsylvania Railroad Co Railway refrigerator container
US2508385A (en) * 1947-08-08 1950-05-23 Charles B Hall Refrigerator container cooled by carbon dioxide ice

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4276752A (en) * 1978-09-22 1981-07-07 Pax Equipment Management, Inc. Refrigerated air cargo container
US4299429A (en) * 1980-02-13 1981-11-10 Franklin Jr Paul R Cooler with inclined upper CO2 cooled surface
US4294079A (en) * 1980-03-12 1981-10-13 Better Agricultural Goals Corporation Insulated container and process for shipping perishables
US4457142A (en) * 1981-10-16 1984-07-03 Firma Heinrich Bucher Method of chilling materials and chilling container
US4741167A (en) * 1986-11-20 1988-05-03 Wigley Freddie J Method and apparatus for transporting perishable materials
US4761969A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-08-09 Moe James S Refrigeration system
US5074126A (en) * 1987-10-02 1991-12-24 Societe Conseil Investissements Management Pour L'entreprise C.I.M.E. Sarl Mobile refrigerated chamber for food products
US4991402A (en) * 1987-11-12 1991-02-12 Saia Iii Louis P Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US4825666A (en) * 1987-11-12 1989-05-02 Saia Iii Louis P Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US5125237A (en) * 1987-11-12 1992-06-30 Louis P. Saia, III Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on airplanes, common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines, and the like
US5337579A (en) * 1987-11-12 1994-08-16 The Pallet Reefer Company Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on airplanes, common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines, and the like
WO1990013778A1 (en) * 1989-05-01 1990-11-15 Saia Louis P Iii Portable self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus for use on common carrier type unrefrigerated truck lines and the like
US5081850A (en) * 1989-05-25 1992-01-21 Hoshizaki Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Refrigerator
US4903494A (en) * 1989-08-21 1990-02-27 Wigley Freddie J Method for preparing ice for transportation
USRE34533E (en) * 1989-08-21 1994-02-08 Wigley; Freddie J. Method for preparing ice for transportation
US4951479A (en) * 1989-11-24 1990-08-28 J.R. Simplot Company Refrigeration system
US5271233A (en) * 1991-06-28 1993-12-21 African Oxygen Limited Method and means for providing refrigeration
US5397010A (en) * 1992-09-29 1995-03-14 L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude Isothermal container, particularly for transporting fresh or frozen products
WO1994024498A1 (en) * 1993-04-19 1994-10-27 Grumman Aerospace Corporation Self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus
US5363670A (en) * 1993-04-19 1994-11-15 Anthony Bartilucci Self-contained cooler/freezer apparatus
US5323622A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-06-28 Cryo-Trans, Inc. Multi-temperature cryogenic refrigeration system
US5415009A (en) * 1993-04-21 1995-05-16 Cryo-Trans, Inc. Cryogenic refrigeration system with insulated floor
US5660057A (en) * 1996-07-30 1997-08-26 Tyree, Jr.; Lewis Carbon dioxide railroad car refrigeration system
US6813898B2 (en) * 1999-07-21 2004-11-09 Leslie John Lindsay Refrigerated air freight container
US20040035139A1 (en) * 1999-07-21 2004-02-26 Lindsey Leslie John Refrigerated air freight container
WO2001044731A1 (en) * 1999-12-13 2001-06-21 Messer France S.A. Container for refrigerated transport of various products and process for its construction and its charging
FR2802186A1 (en) * 1999-12-13 2001-06-15 Messer France refrigerated transport container of various products and process for its incorporation and loading
NL1016535C2 (en) * 2000-07-24 2002-01-25 Willem Cornelis Schuddebeurs Cooling device.
WO2003025479A2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2003-03-27 Lester Smith All purpose portable ice chest
US6574983B2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2003-06-10 Lester Smith All purpose portable ice chest
WO2003025479A3 (en) * 2001-09-19 2003-12-04 Lester Smith All purpose portable ice chest
US20050217310A1 (en) * 2004-04-01 2005-10-06 Luehrs Frederick G Refrigeration system and components thereof
US7451614B2 (en) 2004-04-01 2008-11-18 Perlick Corporation Refrigeration system and components thereof
US20080036238A1 (en) * 2006-08-11 2008-02-14 Weeda Dewey J Secondary door and temperature control system and method
US7703835B2 (en) 2006-08-11 2010-04-27 Weeda Dewey J Secondary door and temperature control system and method
US20100270826A1 (en) * 2006-08-11 2010-10-28 Weeda Dewey J Secondary door and temperature control system and method
US20110180550A1 (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-07-28 Kenneally Keith A Cooler box
WO2011093911A1 (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-08-04 Kenneally Keith A Cooler box
US8292119B2 (en) 2010-01-26 2012-10-23 Kenneally Keith A Cooler box
US20140196496A1 (en) * 2011-08-16 2014-07-17 Gary Wayne Ferguson Delivery container for temperature sensitive goods
CN104859960A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-08-26 苏州市瑞晟医疗器械有限公司 Simple drug storage ice bucket

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS49106044A (en) 1974-10-08 application
NL7315425A (en) 1974-08-02 application
ES420681A1 (en) 1976-04-01 application
GB1429815A (en) 1976-03-31 application
FR2216531B1 (en) 1978-01-06 grant
DE2304718A1 (en) 1974-08-01 application
FR2216531A1 (en) 1974-08-30 application

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