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US3861881A - Catalyst converter with monolithic element - Google Patents

Catalyst converter with monolithic element Download PDF

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Publication number
US3861881A
US3861881A US33395273A US3861881A US 3861881 A US3861881 A US 3861881A US 33395273 A US33395273 A US 33395273A US 3861881 A US3861881 A US 3861881A
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Prior art keywords
element
layer
fibrous
catalyst
shell
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Hubert H Nowak
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Tenneco Inc
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Tenneco Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2839Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration
    • F01N3/2853Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration using mats or gaskets between catalyst body and housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2839Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration
    • F01N3/2853Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration using mats or gaskets between catalyst body and housing
    • F01N3/2864Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration using mats or gaskets between catalyst body and housing the mats or gaskets comprising two or more insulation layers

Abstract

A catalyst converter adapted for use in the exhaust systems of internal combustion engines comprises a tubular shell having a differentially hardened fibrous lining to resiliently support, insulate, and secure a monolithic type catalyst element.

Description

United States Patent [191 Nowak 1 CATALYST CONVERTER WITH MONOLlTHlC ELEMENT [75] inventor: Hubert H. Nowak, Jackson, Mich.

[73] Assignee: Tenneco 1nc., Racine, Wis.

[*1 Notice: The portion of the term of this patent subsequent to Nov. 13, 1990, has been disclaimed.

[22] Filed: Feb. 20, 1973 21 Appl. No.: 333,952

Related U.S. Application Data [62] Division of Ser, No. 207,794, Dec. 14, 1971, Pat. No.

[52] U.S. Cl. 23/288 R, 23/288 F, 138/108 [51] Int. Cl. FOln 3/14, BOlj 9/04 Field of Search 23/288 R, 288 F; 423/213, 423/214; 60/299; 156/309; 252/477 R; 138/108 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,189,418 6/1965 Gary 23/288 F *Jan. 21, 1975 3,248,188 Chute 23/288 F UX 3,441,381 4/1969 Keith et a1 23/288 F 3,441,382 4/1969 Keith et a1 23/288 F 3,597,165 8/1971 Keith et al 23/288 F 3,692,497 9/1972 23/288 F 3,771,967 11/1973 Nowak 23/288 F Primary Examiner-Barry S. Richman Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Harness, Dickey & Pierce [57] ABSTRACT A catalyst converter adapted for use in the exhaust systems of internal combustion engines comprises a tubular shell having a differentially hardened fibrous lining to resiliently support, insulate, and secure a monolithic type catalyst element.

4 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures CATALYST CONVERTER WITH MONOLITHIC ELEMENT RELATED APPLICATION BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is the basic purpose of this invention to provide an improved type mounting for a monolithic type or honeycomb catalyst element which is suitable for mass manufacture and for use in exhaust systems of automotive internal combustion engines.

The invention accomplishes this purpose by use of a nonmetallic fibrous sleeve to mount the monolithic catalyst element on a metal tube or shell which forms a part of the converter reactor structure. The fibrous sleeve is impregnated with a suitable binder, rigidizer, and adhesive which is differentially deposited on drying to bind, bond, and seal the sleeve without destroying its resiliency and thermal and shock insulating properties.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic side elevation partially broken away and partly in section of an internal combustion engine exhaust system incorporating the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged section of the honeycomb catalyst element of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross section along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another form of the fibrous wrap, and;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a third form of fibrous wrap.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION An internal combustion engine 1 has an exhaust manifold 3 that discharges exhaust gases into an exhaust system 5 that includes an enlarged exhaust pipe section 7 that carried gases to a sound attenuating exhaust gas muffler 9 of a suitable construction which in turn discharges gases into a tailpipe 11 that has an outlet opening 13 through which gases flow to the atmosphere. In accordance with this invention, and as a specific embodiment of the broad concept of the invention, honeycomb catalyst means are mounted within the metal exhaust pipe 7 which, therefore, serves as a housing or outer shell for the catalyst means. Honeycomb monolithic catalyst elements for use in eliminating undesired constituents in the exhaust gas stream of an internal combustion engine are known in the art, and one type is described in detail in U.S. Pat. No. 3,441,381. Generally speaking, the refractory supports 15 are manufactured so as to have channels or passages 17 that enable gas to pass from the inlet face 19 to the outlet face 21. The desired catalytic material is deposited by a suitable process on the walls of the cells of passages 17 so that the exhaust gas is in contact with the catalyst as is passes through the body 15. The refractory support 15 is relatively brittle and has a different coefficient of expansion than the metallic housing 7, thereby creating a serious danger of damage during the manufacture, assembly, and use of the catalytic unit. The present invention provides a shock resistant means for mounting the frangible refractory element 15 in a metal housing which serves also to protect it during handling prior to operation of the vehicle.

The refractory support member 15 is part of a mounting and support arrangement 23 wherein a nonmetallic resilient fibrous ring 29 encircles the outer circumference of the support body 15 and serves as the means for resiliently mounting the body 15 inside of a metal shell, such as that illustrated by the exhaust pipe 7. In the unit of FIGS. 1, 2, and 3, the ring 29 is continuous or integral, whereas the ring 290 of FIG. 4 is shown as an overlapped blanket or wrap of fibrous material 5, and the element 29b is indicated as a spirally wound member of layers which can be paper thin and sufficient in number to build up the desired thickness of the ring. Preferably, the fibrous ring is press fitted over the honeycomb body 15 and into the shell 7 so that the natural resiliency of the fibrous material 29 exerts radial pressure on the outside of the body 15 and the inside of the shell 7. In a typical assembly the element 15 might be 4 5 inches in diameter and the thickness of ring 29 about A inch before compression and about 3/16 inch after radial compression in assembly with the element 15 and housing 7. Ordinarily, the outer surface of the body 15 is uneven and irregular and the radially compressed fibrous layer 29 conforms itself to these irregularities and prevents bypassing along the length of the outside face of the body 15.

The fibrous body is formed from materials that will withstand the relatively high temperatures to which the catalytic elements are subjected in use, thus, asbestos and ceramic fibers may be used. These can be vacuum ring formed as an integral part 29, wet formed from a blanket as the ring 29a, or wrapped from thin paper layers as the element 29b. The materials known under the trademarks Fiberfrax, Kaowool, Cerafiber, and Amosite are typical of materials that contain fibers of the type desired. Cera Paper, Fiberfrax ceramic paper, and asbestos paper can be used to form the spiral wound element 29b.

In addition to the frictional connection provided by the ring 29 which serves to hold the unit 23 in place, it is preferred that the fiber layer 29 be impregnated with a suitable adhesive, binder, and rigidizer which, upon hardening, will adhere the fibrous material to the metal shell 7 as well as to the refractory honeycomb 15. The adhesive can be applied in various ways as by brushing, dipping, rolling, spraying, etc., and the amount and composition of the adhesive are controlled so that it is insufficient to cause deposition on the walls of cells 17 and the desired differential binder concentration or density and hardness is achieved. The liquid adhesive also serves as a means to seal the fibrous layer and the interfaces and to prevent bypassing of gas.

The adhesive is preferably a refractory cement that resists the high temperature of operation (up to 2,300 F). The preferred fibers are ceramic and for these applications an adhesive and rigidizer such as a colloidal solution of silica is preferably used to provide surface hardening, bonding, and resistance to gas flow erosion. By varying the amount of solutions applied to the fibrous layer 29, 29a, or 29b, the surface hardness can be controlled without sacrificing the resiliency needed in the center of the fibrous layer during handling of the element and operation of the vehicle. When the adhesive is dried out (as by application of suitable heat) the colloidal material (such as silica) tends to migrate, concentrate, and settle, due to vaporization of the liquid vehicle, at the exposed ends and faces where, upon hardening, it serves to provide a gas impervious barrier to prevent bypassing or gas flow through the fiber layer along the interfaces, or out of broken cell walls in the outer surface of honeycomb element 15.

In use, exhaust gas leaving manifold 3 and entering pipe 7 flows through the honeycomb element 23 where it is treated to remove undesired constituents such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and unburned hydrocarbons. It then passes through the muffler means 9 where it is acoustically treated to remove undesired sound, after which it passes to atmosphere through outlet 13. Gas is prevented from bypassing the element by the hardened binder in the layer 29.

The features described have many advantages. The sleeves 29, 29a, and 29b provide a resilient interface between the element 15 and the shell 7 that gives a high degree of mechanical shock resistance and eliminates the need for stringent dimensional tolerances. The high temperature withstanding fibers (such as alumina silica refractory fibers) of the sleeves are stable up to the usual maximum operating temperatures of about 2,300 F so that the reactors are safely positioned and insulated at all normally encountered temperatures. The thermal insulating properties of the layers 29 minimize the temperature of shell 7 to protect the surrounding environment, provide for faster warm-up and better heat retention in the catalyst, minimum cross sectional thermal gradients due to conductive heat loss into the shell, and enable a better selection of metals for use in the shell 7 because of metal isolation from very high temperatures, for example, low grade, low expansion stainless steel might be used. Substantially stress-free relative movement between the elements 15 and the shell 7 is provided by layers 29 to accommodate different rates of thermal expansion and contraction. The simple construction of the unit 23 enables the thickness of layers 29 to be readily varied in accordance with the degree of thermal and shock insulation desired. Effective positive sealing against leakage around the outside of elements 15 is obtained, in spite of the usual rough and broken exteriors thereon, and there is no need for a special coating on the outsides of the elements. The differentially hardened nature of the sleeves due to migration of the colloidal material (e.g., silica) to the surfaces where vehicle vaporization occurs provides a positive gas impervious barrier that prevents gas entry into or flow out of the fibrous layer as well as sealing and bonding along the interfaces with shell 7 and element 15 while retaining resiliency in the center of the sleeve. In unit 23 there is no possible abrasion of element 15 by contact with the metal.

Modifications in the specific details described may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

1 claim:

1. In a catalytic reactor containing a frangible refractory catalyst element and a metallic shell containing said element, the improvement which comprises a means for securing said catalyst element to a metal support surface of said metallic shell comprising a resilient layer of high temperature resistant nonmetallic insulating fibers having one side in contact with the outer surface of the element and the other side in contact with said metal surface and dried adhesive material in said layer, said adhesive material bonding the metal support surface and outer surface of the element to the layer of fibers.

2. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said adhesive material is of variable concentration in said layer and is of high concentration at exposed sprfaces of the layer and low concentration in the core of the layer whereby the layer is resilient but the faces thereof are substantially gas impervious.

3. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said adhesive material is silica.

4. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said fibrous layer is compressed substantially between the element and metal support surface.

Claims (4)

1.IN A CATALYTIC REACTOR CONTAINING A FRANGIBLE REFRACTORY CATALYST ELEMENT AND A METALLIC SHELL CONTAINING SAID ELEMENT, THE IMPROVEMENT WHICH COMPRISES A MEANS FOR SECURING SAID CATALYST ELEMENT TO A METAL SUPPORT SURFACE OF SAID METALLIC SHELL COMPRISING A RESILIENT LAYER OF HIGH TEMPERATURE RESISTANT NONMETALLIC INSULATING FIBERS HAVING ONE SIDE IN CONTACT WITH THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE ELEMENT AND THE OTHER SIDE IN CONTACT WITH SAID METAL SURFACE AND DRIED ADHESIVE MATERIAL IN SAID LAYER, SAID ADHESIVE MATERIAL BONDING THE METAL SUPPORT SURFACE AND OUTER SURFACE OF THE ELEMENT TO THE LAYER OF FIBERS.
2. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said adhesive material is of variable concentration in said layer and is of high concentration at exposed surfaces of the layer and low concentration in the core of the layer whereby the layer is resilient but the faces thereof are substantially gas impervious.
3. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said adhesive material is silica.
4. A reactor as set forth in claim 1 wherein said fibrous layer is compressed substantially between the element and metal support surface.
US3861881A 1971-12-14 1973-02-20 Catalyst converter with monolithic element Expired - Lifetime US3861881A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4070158A (en) * 1974-07-16 1978-01-24 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Catalyst for catalytic purification of exhaust gases
US4094644A (en) * 1975-12-08 1978-06-13 Uop Inc. Catalytic exhaust muffler for motorcycles
US4144627A (en) * 1975-04-10 1979-03-20 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Integrated catalyst component for exhaust gas purification and method of assembling it
US4145394A (en) * 1973-03-16 1979-03-20 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Catalyst monolith for exhaust gas decontamination, preferably in motor vehicles
US4148120A (en) * 1974-07-16 1979-04-10 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Method of manufacturing a catalyst for catalytic purification of exhaust gases
US4167482A (en) * 1976-10-11 1979-09-11 Mueller Hans Filtering method and apparatus
US4608107A (en) * 1983-05-04 1986-08-26 Niemand Bros. Inc. High temperature probe lance cover
US4750251A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-06-14 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
US4782661A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-11-08 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
US5496525A (en) * 1988-09-06 1996-03-05 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Erosion resistant, ceramic fiber lining
US5730099A (en) * 1996-08-22 1998-03-24 Outboard Marine Corporation Reduced emission two-stroke engine and method of engine operation to reduce engine emission
US5849251A (en) * 1995-07-17 1998-12-15 Timko; Mark Catalytic converter for a tailpipe including apparatus for relieving back pressure
US6116022A (en) * 1996-07-03 2000-09-12 Outboard Marine Corporation Catalytic reactor for marine application
US20030098198A1 (en) * 2001-09-05 2003-05-29 Webasto Thermosysteme International Gmbh Auxiliary heater arrangement with a muffler
US20040134172A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-07-15 Unifrax Corporation Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
US20050272602A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-12-08 Ibiden Co., Ltd. Honeycomb structural body and exhaust gas purifying device
US20060008395A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-12 Unifrax Corporation Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
WO2006020058A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-02-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Pollution control element mounting system and pollution control device
US20090025377A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2009-01-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Holding Material For Pollution Control Element And Pollution Control Apparatus
WO2010122337A1 (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-10-28 Saffil Automotive Limited Mats
EP2328674A1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2011-06-08 Unifrax I LLC Mounting mat with flexible edge protection and exhaust gas treatment device incorporating the mounting mat
US20110150715A1 (en) * 2009-12-17 2011-06-23 Unifrax I Llc Multilayer Mounting Mat for Pollution Control Devices
WO2012044376A1 (en) * 2010-09-30 2012-04-05 Tenneco Automotive Operating Company, Inc. Taper cut edge mat
US20120248367A1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Nichias Corporation Hardened shaped article

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3189418A (en) * 1964-04-01 1965-06-15 Wright W Gary Catalytic converter
US3248188A (en) * 1963-07-22 1966-04-26 Continental Motors Corp Flame arrester
US3441381A (en) * 1965-06-22 1969-04-29 Engelhard Ind Inc Apparatus for purifying exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine
US3441382A (en) * 1963-02-07 1969-04-29 Engelhard Ind Inc Catalyst cartridge
US3597165A (en) * 1969-06-18 1971-08-03 Engelhard Min & Chem Catalytic exhaust purifier
US3692497A (en) * 1971-05-20 1972-09-19 Engelhard Min & Chem Catalytic exhaust gas treatment apparatus
US3771967A (en) * 1971-12-14 1973-11-13 Tenneco Inc Catalytic reactor with monolithic element

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3441382A (en) * 1963-02-07 1969-04-29 Engelhard Ind Inc Catalyst cartridge
US3248188A (en) * 1963-07-22 1966-04-26 Continental Motors Corp Flame arrester
US3189418A (en) * 1964-04-01 1965-06-15 Wright W Gary Catalytic converter
US3441381A (en) * 1965-06-22 1969-04-29 Engelhard Ind Inc Apparatus for purifying exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine
US3597165A (en) * 1969-06-18 1971-08-03 Engelhard Min & Chem Catalytic exhaust purifier
US3692497A (en) * 1971-05-20 1972-09-19 Engelhard Min & Chem Catalytic exhaust gas treatment apparatus
US3771967A (en) * 1971-12-14 1973-11-13 Tenneco Inc Catalytic reactor with monolithic element

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145394A (en) * 1973-03-16 1979-03-20 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Catalyst monolith for exhaust gas decontamination, preferably in motor vehicles
US4148120A (en) * 1974-07-16 1979-04-10 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Method of manufacturing a catalyst for catalytic purification of exhaust gases
US4070158A (en) * 1974-07-16 1978-01-24 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Catalyst for catalytic purification of exhaust gases
US4144627A (en) * 1975-04-10 1979-03-20 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Integrated catalyst component for exhaust gas purification and method of assembling it
US4094644A (en) * 1975-12-08 1978-06-13 Uop Inc. Catalytic exhaust muffler for motorcycles
US4167482A (en) * 1976-10-11 1979-09-11 Mueller Hans Filtering method and apparatus
US4608107A (en) * 1983-05-04 1986-08-26 Niemand Bros. Inc. High temperature probe lance cover
EP0278597A3 (en) * 1987-02-13 1990-01-10 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
US4750251A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-06-14 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
EP0278597A2 (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-08-17 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
US4782661A (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-11-08 General Motors Corporation Mat support/substrate subassembly and method of making a catalytic converter therewith
US5496525A (en) * 1988-09-06 1996-03-05 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Erosion resistant, ceramic fiber lining
US5849251A (en) * 1995-07-17 1998-12-15 Timko; Mark Catalytic converter for a tailpipe including apparatus for relieving back pressure
US6116022A (en) * 1996-07-03 2000-09-12 Outboard Marine Corporation Catalytic reactor for marine application
US5730099A (en) * 1996-08-22 1998-03-24 Outboard Marine Corporation Reduced emission two-stroke engine and method of engine operation to reduce engine emission
US20030098198A1 (en) * 2001-09-05 2003-05-29 Webasto Thermosysteme International Gmbh Auxiliary heater arrangement with a muffler
US7011179B2 (en) * 2001-09-05 2006-03-14 Webasto Thermosysteme Internatonal Gmbh Auxiliary heater arrangement with a muffler
US20040134172A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-07-15 Unifrax Corporation Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
US7033412B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2006-04-25 Unifrax Corporation Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
US20050272602A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-12-08 Ibiden Co., Ltd. Honeycomb structural body and exhaust gas purifying device
US20090004431A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2009-01-01 Ibiden Co., Ltd. Honeycomb structural body and exhaust gas purifying device
US7998422B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2011-08-16 Unifrax I Llc Exhaust gas treatment device
US20060008395A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-12 Unifrax Corporation Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
US7971357B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2011-07-05 Unifrax I Llc Exhaust gas treatment device and method for making the same
US8182752B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2012-05-22 Unifrax I Llc Exhaust gas treatment device
US20110123417A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2011-05-26 Ten Eyck John D Exhaust gas treatment device
US20080175764A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2008-07-24 Kenji Sako Pollution Control Element Mounting System and Pollution Control Device
WO2006020058A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-02-23 3M Innovative Properties Company Pollution control element mounting system and pollution control device
CN100478547C (en) 2004-07-15 2009-04-15 3M创新有限公司 Pollution control element mounting system and pollution control device
US7858051B2 (en) 2004-07-15 2010-12-28 3M Innovative Properties Company Pollution control element mounting system and pollution control device
US7854905B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-12-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Holding material for pollution control element and pollution control apparatus
US20090025377A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2009-01-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Holding Material For Pollution Control Element And Pollution Control Apparatus
EP2328674A4 (en) * 2008-08-29 2013-04-03 Unifrax I Llc Mounting mat with flexible edge protection and exhaust gas treatment device incorporating the mounting mat
EP2328674A1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2011-06-08 Unifrax I LLC Mounting mat with flexible edge protection and exhaust gas treatment device incorporating the mounting mat
US8211373B2 (en) 2008-08-29 2012-07-03 Unifrax I Llc Mounting mat with flexible edge protection and exhaust gas treatment device incorporating the mounting mat
WO2010122337A1 (en) * 2009-04-21 2010-10-28 Saffil Automotive Limited Mats
US9631529B2 (en) 2009-04-21 2017-04-25 Saffil Automotive Limited Erosion resistant mounting mats
US8734726B2 (en) 2009-12-17 2014-05-27 Unifrax I Llc Multilayer mounting mat for pollution control devices
US20110150715A1 (en) * 2009-12-17 2011-06-23 Unifrax I Llc Multilayer Mounting Mat for Pollution Control Devices
WO2012044376A1 (en) * 2010-09-30 2012-04-05 Tenneco Automotive Operating Company, Inc. Taper cut edge mat
US20120248367A1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Nichias Corporation Hardened shaped article
CN103459353A (en) * 2011-03-30 2013-12-18 霓佳斯株式会社 Cured molded article
CN103459353B (en) * 2011-03-30 2016-02-24 霓佳斯株式会社 Cured molded product

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