US3857458A - Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine - Google Patents

Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine Download PDF

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Publication number
US3857458A
US3857458A US39481773A US3857458A US 3857458 A US3857458 A US 3857458A US 39481773 A US39481773 A US 39481773A US 3857458 A US3857458 A US 3857458A
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Prior art keywords
exhaust
pipe
outlet
gas
end
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Expired - Lifetime
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T Ohtani
T Sato
F Sumitomo
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Toyo Kogyo Co Ltd
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Toyo Kogyo Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N13/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus characterised by constructional features ; Exhaust or silencing apparatus, or parts thereof, having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01N1/00 - F01N5/00, F01N9/00, F01N11/00
    • F01N13/08Other arrangements or adaptations of exhaust conduits
    • F01N13/082Other arrangements or adaptations of exhaust conduits of tailpipe, e.g. with means for mixing air with exhaust for exhaust cooling, dilution or evacuation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N1/00Silencing apparatus characterised by method of silencing
    • F01N1/14Silencing apparatus characterised by method of silencing by adding air to exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/02Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for cooling, or for removing solid constituents of, exhaust
    • F01N3/05Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for cooling, or for removing solid constituents of, exhaust by means of air, e.g. by mixing exhaust with air
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/20Exhaust after-treatment

Abstract

Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine comprising an exhaust pipe having an outlet end of a flattened cross-sectional configuration with a width smaller than diameter of unflattened portion and an open-ended fresh air suction pipe disposed with a clearance with the exhaust pipe and having a portion of reduced cross-sectional area around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe so as to define a suction throat in the vicinity of said outlet end.

Description

United States Patent [191 Ohtani et a1.

[451 Dec. 31, 1974 EXHAUST GAS OUTLET MEANS FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE [75] Inventors: Toshio Ohtani; Takahiro Sato;

Fukishi Sumitomo, all of Hiroshima-ken, Japan [73] Assignee: Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd., Hiroshima-ken, Japan [22] Filed: Sept. 6, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 394,817

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Sept. 11, 1972 Japan 47-106373 2,973,825 3/1961 Bertin 181/43 3,016,692 1/1962 Iapella et al.

3,033,494 5/1962 Tyler et a1.

3,043,097 7/1962 Inman et al 181/43 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 252,546 6/ 1926 Great Britain 181/43 521,435 3/1955 Italy 181/43 738,014 12/1932 France 181/43 1,378,224 10/1964 France 1 181/43 770,689 9/1934 France 60/319 804,440 11/1958 Great Britain 60/319 726,608 3/1955 Great Britain 181/43 Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant ExaminerVit W. Miska Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Fleit & Jacobson A [5 7] ABSTRACT Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine comprising an exhaust pipe having an outlet end of a flattened cross-sectional configuration with a width smaller than diameter of unflattened portion and an open-ended fresh air suction pipe disposed with a clearance with the exhaust pipe and having a portion of reduced cross-sectional area around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe so as to define a suction throat in the vicinity of said outlet end.

4 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 9533 1 4 sum 10F 2 FIG.4

FIG.3

FIG.6

FIG.5

EXHAUST GAS OUTLET MEANS FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE The present invention relates to an engine exhaust system and more particularly to exhaust gas outlet means for an automobile engine exhaust system having exhaust gas cleaning means.

Recently, in an automobile engine, it has been necessitated, in order to reduce air polluting constituents in the exhaust gas, to provide exhaust gas cleaning means such as a thermal reactor or a catalytic reactor in the exhaust system of the engine. However, it has been noted that such a type of exhaust gas cleaning means cause an increase in temperature of the exhaust gas at the outlet end of the exhaust pipe and in some cases it has been found that the exhaust gas temperature is as high as 600C. Particularly, when an engine is operating at an idling speed with a choke device in operation, the reaction in the exhaust gas cleaning means is highly activated and the exhaust gas temperature is remarkably increased. The increased temperature of the exhaust gas causes various troubles such as a burn hazard of a person, a fire hazard and adverse effects on the road surface.

l-Iithertofore, in addition to a conventional structure in which the exhaust pipe has a merely straightly cut outlet end, there has been proposed to provide an openended fresh air suction pipe having a reduced inner diameter portion which is disposed with a clearance around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe so that a throat portion is formed between the outlet end of the exhaust pipe and the reduced diameter portion of the suction pipe. An example of such an arrangement is disclosed by Japanese Patent Publication No. 19042/69. This arrangement is found as being effective to a certain degree to reduce the temperature of the exhaust gas, however, it cannot reduce the temperature to a satisfactory level. Further, it has also been proposed to open the outlet end of the exhaust pipe downwardly so that the exhaust gas is discharged toward the road surface. This arrangement, however, does not basically solve the problem.

Therefore, the present invention has an object to eliminate the aforementioned problems of prior art.

Another object of the present inventon is to provide exhaust gas outlet means for an automobile engine in which temperature of exhaust gas can be decreased to a satisfactory level.

A further object of the present invention is to provide simple and effective means for decreasing engine exhaust gas temperature.

According to the present invention, the above objects can be achieved by exhaust gas outlet means comprising an engine exhaust pipe having a substantially flat outlet end with a width smaller than diameter of unflattened portion of the exhaust pipe and an openended fresh air suction pipe disposed with a clearance around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe, said suction pipe having a portion of reduced cross-sectional area adjacent to the exhaust pipe outlet end so that a suction throat is defined between the exhaust pipe and the suction pipe for drawing fresh air from one end of the suction pipe and discharging it with exhaust gas at the other end of the suction pipe.

In an engine having a silencer provided in the exhaust system, the fresh air suction pipe may be extended so as to enclose the silencer by the extended portion of the suction pipe. This arrangement is effective to reduce exhaust noise level as well as the exhaust gas temperature.

The above and other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following descriptions of preferred embodiments taking reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is side elevational view of exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the exhaust gas outlet means shown in FIG. ll;

F103 is an end view of the exhaust gas outlet means shown in FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view of exhaust gas out let means in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a horizontal sectional view of the exhaust gas outlet means shown in FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is an end view of the exhaust gas outlet means shown in FIGS. 4 and 5; and

FIG. 7 is a diagram showing exhaust gas temperature changes in various types of exhaust gas outlet means.

Referring now to the drawings, particularly to FIGS. 1 through 3, there is shown an engine exhaust system including an exhaust pipe 1. As shown in the drawings, the exhaust pipe 1 is flattened in V-shape at its outlet end 2. That is, the outlet end 2 tapers from the circular portion of the exhaust pipe 1 into a converging nozzle in one plane and into a diverging nozzle in a transverse plane. The width of the flattened outlet end 2 of the ex haust pipe 1 is substantially smaller than the diameter of the unflattened cylindrical portion thereof as clearly shown in FIG. 3. The cross-sectional area of the outlet end 2 is the same as or larger than that of the remaining portion of the exhaust pipe ll. Around the outlet end 2 of the exhaust pipe 1, there is supported an open ended fresh air suction pipe 3 which is supported with a suitable clearance a with the exhaust pipe I by means of support members 4. The suction pipe 3 also has a flattened cross-section as shown in FIG. 3 and reduced in cross-sectional area at the intermediate portion thereof. Thus, a throat portion of reduced crosssectional area is defined adjacent to the outlet end 2 of the exhaust pipe 1. In operation of the engine, therefore, as the exhaust gas is discharged from the outlet end 2 of the exhaust pipe 1, a suction pressure is produced in the suction pipe 3 around the area of reduced cross-section, so that fresh air is drawn into the pipe 3 from the left end as in FIGS. l and 2, passed therethrough and discharged from the right end together with the exhaust gas from the exhaust pipe ll. Since the outlet end 2 of the exhaust pipe 1 and the suction pipe 3 have flattened cross-sectional shape as described before, the fresh air drawn into the pipe 3 is sufficiently mixed with the exhaust gas from the pipe 1, so that the temperature of the exhaust gas is decreased to a satisfactory level.

FIGS. 4 through 6 show another embodiment of the present invention. In the drawings, the exhaust gas outlet means includes an exhaust pipe 11 which has a flattened outlet end T2. The exhaust pipe ll is supported under a vehicle floor by means of a support member 14. In the exhaust pipe lll, there is disposed a silencer 15 which may be of a conventional type. Around the end portion of the exhaust pipe 111 and the silencer 15, there is disposed a fresh air suction pipe 16 which is supported by means of support members 17 on the exhaust pipe 11 with a suitable clearance therewith. Further, the suction pipe 16 is also supported by support members 18 on the vehicle floor 13. The suction pipe 16 encircles the silencer 15 and flattened around the outlet end 12 of the exhaust pipe 11 as shown in FIG. 6. The suction pipe 16 has an open left end which defines an air intake port 19 around the exhaust pipe 11. Further, the pipe 16 is provided with a portion 16a of reduced cross-sectional area to define a throat portion around the outlet end 12 of the exhaust pipe 11.

In this arrangement, as the exhaust gas is discharged from the exhaust pipe 11, fresh air is introduced from the intake port 19 into the suction pipe 16, passes around the silencer l and the exhaust pipe 11 and is discharged from the suction pipe 16 together with the exhaust gas. This arrangement is effective not only to reduce the exhaust temperature but also to decrease noise level.

FIG. 7 shows exhaust gas temperature in various and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine, the outlet means comprising: an elongated exhaust pipe having a predetermined diameter through a portion of its length, and an outlet end whose crosssectional configuration is gradually flattened in a first plane into a converging nozzle, and whose crosssectional configuration is V-shaped in a second plane transverse to said first plane to define a diverging noz- Zle, the cross-sectional area of said outlet end being at least equal to that of the exhaust pipe in the said portion of its length having a predetermined diameter, and an open-ended fresh air suction pipe disposed around and with a clearance from the exhaust pipe and having a portion of reduced cross-sectional area around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe so as to define a suction throat at said outlet end.

2. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 which said suction pipe has a flattened crosssectional configuration at said portion of reduced cross-sectional area.

3. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 which said portion of reduced cross-sectional area is formed at the intermediate portion of the suction pipe.

4. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 in which said exhaust pipe is provided with a silencer and said suction pipe is extended to encircle said silencer with a clearance thereto.

i l l=

Claims (4)

1. Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine, the outlet means comprising: an elongated exhaust pipe having a predetermined diameter through a portion of its length, and an outlet end whose cross-sectional configuration is gradually flattened in a first plane into a converging nozzle, and whose cross-sectional configuration is V-shaped in a second plane transverse to said first plane to define a diverging nozzle, the cross-sectional area of said outlet end being at least equal to that of the exhaust pipe in the said portion of its length having a predetermined diameter, and an open-ended fresh air suction pipe disposed around and with a clearance from the exhaust pipe and having a portion of reduced cross-sectional area around the outlet end of the exhaust pipe so as to define a suction throat at said outlet end.
2. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 which said suction pipe has a flattened cross-sectional configuration at said portion of reduced cross-sectional area.
3. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 which said portion of reduced cross-sectional area is formed at the intermediate portion of the suction pipe.
4. Exhaust gas outlet means in accordance with claim 1 in which said exhaust pipe is provided with a silencer and said suction pipe is extended to encircle said silencer with a clearance thereto.
US3857458A 1972-09-11 1973-09-06 Exhaust gas outlet means for an internal combustion engine Expired - Lifetime US3857458A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10637372U JPS5128507Y2 (en) 1972-09-11 1972-09-11
JP12038072U JPS5128508Y2 (en) 1972-10-17 1972-10-17

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Cited By (42)

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US4198817A (en) * 1977-12-13 1980-04-22 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Exhaust gas diffuser
US4227651A (en) * 1979-07-20 1980-10-14 Abe Luis A P Nozzle for use on the exhaust of internal combustion engines
US4265332A (en) * 1979-06-21 1981-05-05 Fmc Corporation Heat extracting muffler system
US4323139A (en) * 1980-10-01 1982-04-06 Baldwin Nealy B Energy saving exhaust siphon
US4331213A (en) * 1980-01-28 1982-05-25 Mitsuko Leith Automobile exhaust control system
US4335575A (en) * 1979-11-19 1982-06-22 Basilio Pagliuca Exhaust back pressure reducer for internal combustion engine
US4580657A (en) * 1983-06-16 1986-04-08 Donaldson Company, Inc. Integral fluted tube for sound suppression and exhaust ejection
US4632216A (en) * 1984-06-27 1986-12-30 Donaldson Company, Inc. Muffler apparatus and method for making same
US4638632A (en) * 1980-03-20 1987-01-27 Deutsche Forschungs-Und Versuchsanstalt Fur Luft-Und Raumfahrt E.V. Exhaust gas pipe cooled by ambient air
US4665691A (en) * 1986-03-24 1987-05-19 Eller Harold E Exhaust back pressure reducer
US4690245A (en) * 1983-03-17 1987-09-01 Stemco, Inc. Flattened venturi, method and apparatus for making
US4993513A (en) * 1988-01-29 1991-02-19 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Muffler
GB2240364A (en) * 1990-01-27 1991-07-31 S & C Thermofluids Ltd Combustion engine exhaust treatment
US5058703A (en) * 1987-11-23 1991-10-22 United Technologies Corporation Automotive exhaust noise attenuator
US5123501A (en) * 1988-10-21 1992-06-23 Donaldson Company, Inc. In-line constricted sound-attenuating system
US5548955A (en) * 1994-10-19 1996-08-27 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Catalytic converter having a venturi formed from two stamped components
US5916136A (en) * 1997-10-02 1999-06-29 Ettere; Mark Aspiration device for vehicle engine exhaust system
EP1022445A1 (en) * 1999-01-21 2000-07-26 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Gas flow system especially exhaust gas conduit system for a vehicle internal combustion engine
EP1074748A1 (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-02-07 Maytronics Ltd. Exit tube for rotary impeller
ES2156543A1 (en) * 1999-03-08 2001-06-16 Gonzalez Jose Manuel Moreno System designed to produce an atmospheric depression at the output end of the gas escape tube of an engine, facilitating said escape and dispersing the gases into the atmosphere with greater speed
US20030003030A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2003-01-02 Glenn Knight Reverse flow catalytic muffler
US6622482B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2003-09-23 Environmental Control Corporation Combined catalytic muffler
US6736005B2 (en) 2002-05-28 2004-05-18 Mcmillan Company High accuracy measuring and control of low fluid flow rates
US20050103003A1 (en) * 2002-01-02 2005-05-19 Advanced Car Specialties Limited Exhaust gas muffler
US20050183704A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-25 Masayoshi Usui Supercharging system for internal combustion engine
US20050217931A1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-06 Mtd Products Inc Method and apparatus for venting exhaust gas from an engine
US7000464B2 (en) 2002-05-28 2006-02-21 Mcmillan Company Measuring and control of low fluid flow rates with heated conduit walls
US20060192375A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-08-31 Davis Eric A Frame design for reduced-size vehicle
CN1296607C (en) * 2003-03-28 2007-01-24 上海江迪数码科技有限公司 Internal combustion engine waste gas purifying noise muffler
US20080087006A1 (en) * 2006-10-11 2008-04-17 International Engine Intellectual Property Company , Llc Tailpipe exhaust gas mixer and method
US20080110164A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc. Device for lowering tail pipe exhaust temperature
US20080196408A1 (en) * 2007-02-21 2008-08-21 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Variable geometry exhaust cooler
US20090057056A1 (en) * 2007-08-31 2009-03-05 Fred Baumgartner Vehicular exhaust resonator with cooling feature
US20090265934A1 (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-10-29 Kia Motors Corporation Tail Trim Assembly of Exhaust Pipe for Vehicle and Method of Manufacturing the Same
US20100000205A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 General Motors Global Technology Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling an exhaust gas
US20100126155A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Apparatus and method for cooling an exhaust gas
US20100170235A1 (en) * 2008-08-18 2010-07-08 John Frederick Vannoy Vannoy funnel exhaust system
US20100230205A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2010-09-16 Buhei Kobayashi Muffler
US20110101683A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Daimler Trucks North America Llc Vehicle exhaust decoupler
US20130152559A1 (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-20 Chrysler Group Llc Tailpipe collar
US20130327417A1 (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-12-12 Jeffrey L. Gardner Self aligning venturi pipe assembly
US20140360167A1 (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-11 Caterpillar Global Mining Expanded Products Pty Ltd System and method for cooling of an aftertreatment module

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FR2558210A3 (en) * 1984-01-12 1985-07-19 Lepretre Joel Energy economizer for an internal-combustion engine
DE19929244A1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2000-12-28 Volkswagen Ag Gas pipeline system for transporting pulsed gas flow has two series pipes with different flow cross-sections at facing ends to form input cross-section for pipe forming diffuser aperture
US7637099B2 (en) * 2005-10-19 2009-12-29 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Fluid entrainment apparatus
DE102007036176A1 (en) * 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Wacker Construction Equipment Ag Silencer for an internal combustion engine and working device
DE102008015929A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 J. Eberspächer GmbH & Co. KG exhaust system
DE102009045801A1 (en) * 2009-10-19 2011-04-28 Deere & Company, Moline Device for cooling an exhaust gas stream
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Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4198817A (en) * 1977-12-13 1980-04-22 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Exhaust gas diffuser
US4265332A (en) * 1979-06-21 1981-05-05 Fmc Corporation Heat extracting muffler system
US4227651A (en) * 1979-07-20 1980-10-14 Abe Luis A P Nozzle for use on the exhaust of internal combustion engines
US4335575A (en) * 1979-11-19 1982-06-22 Basilio Pagliuca Exhaust back pressure reducer for internal combustion engine
US4331213A (en) * 1980-01-28 1982-05-25 Mitsuko Leith Automobile exhaust control system
US4638632A (en) * 1980-03-20 1987-01-27 Deutsche Forschungs-Und Versuchsanstalt Fur Luft-Und Raumfahrt E.V. Exhaust gas pipe cooled by ambient air
US4323139A (en) * 1980-10-01 1982-04-06 Baldwin Nealy B Energy saving exhaust siphon
US4690245A (en) * 1983-03-17 1987-09-01 Stemco, Inc. Flattened venturi, method and apparatus for making
US4580657A (en) * 1983-06-16 1986-04-08 Donaldson Company, Inc. Integral fluted tube for sound suppression and exhaust ejection
US4632216A (en) * 1984-06-27 1986-12-30 Donaldson Company, Inc. Muffler apparatus and method for making same
US4665691A (en) * 1986-03-24 1987-05-19 Eller Harold E Exhaust back pressure reducer
US5058703A (en) * 1987-11-23 1991-10-22 United Technologies Corporation Automotive exhaust noise attenuator
US4993513A (en) * 1988-01-29 1991-02-19 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Muffler
US5123501A (en) * 1988-10-21 1992-06-23 Donaldson Company, Inc. In-line constricted sound-attenuating system
GB2240364A (en) * 1990-01-27 1991-07-31 S & C Thermofluids Ltd Combustion engine exhaust treatment
GB2240364B (en) * 1990-01-27 1994-09-28 S & C Thermofluids Ltd Combustion engines improvements
US5548955A (en) * 1994-10-19 1996-08-27 Briggs & Stratton Corporation Catalytic converter having a venturi formed from two stamped components
US5916136A (en) * 1997-10-02 1999-06-29 Ettere; Mark Aspiration device for vehicle engine exhaust system
EP1022445A1 (en) * 1999-01-21 2000-07-26 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Gas flow system especially exhaust gas conduit system for a vehicle internal combustion engine
ES2156543A1 (en) * 1999-03-08 2001-06-16 Gonzalez Jose Manuel Moreno System designed to produce an atmospheric depression at the output end of the gas escape tube of an engine, facilitating said escape and dispersing the gases into the atmosphere with greater speed
EP1074748A1 (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-02-07 Maytronics Ltd. Exit tube for rotary impeller
US20030003030A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2003-01-02 Glenn Knight Reverse flow catalytic muffler
US6622482B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2003-09-23 Environmental Control Corporation Combined catalytic muffler
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