New! View global litigation for patent families

US3853682A - Waterproofed concrete structure - Google Patents

Waterproofed concrete structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3853682A
US3853682A US29149172A US3853682A US 3853682 A US3853682 A US 3853682A US 29149172 A US29149172 A US 29149172A US 3853682 A US3853682 A US 3853682A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
rubber
wax
bitumen
layer
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
J Hurst
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
W R Grace and Co-Conn
Original Assignee
W R Grace and Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D7/00Roof covering exclusively consisting of sealing masses applied in situ; Gravelling of flat roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/08Damp-proof or other insulating layers; Drainage arrangements or devices Bridge deck surfacings
    • E01D19/083Waterproofing of bridge decks; Other insulations for bridges, e.g. thermal ; Bridge deck surfacings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/141Bituminous
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/28Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component and having an adhesive outermost layer
    • Y10T428/2813Heat or solvent activated or sealable
    • Y10T428/2817Heat sealable
    • Y10T428/2822Wax containing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31815Of bituminous or tarry residue
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/10Scrim [e.g., open net or mesh, gauze, loose or open weave or knit, etc.]
    • Y10T442/102Woven scrim
    • Y10T442/172Coated or impregnated
    • Y10T442/178Synthetic polymeric fiber

Abstract

The concrete sublayer in a bituminous road or pavement structure is waterproofed using a preformed sheet material made up of a flexible sheet-like support (e.g., woven polypropylene mesh) having on its surface placed adjacent the concrete a waterproof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition, and on the other surface, a layer of bituminous composition to which has been added sufficient wax to render the composition non-tacky when cold, the wax-containing layer becoming tacky or pressure-sensitive at an elevated temperature.

Description

United States Patent [191 Hurst 1*Dec. to, 1974 1 1 WATERPROOFED CONCRETE STRUCTURE Inventor: John Hurst, London, England Assignee: Grace, W. R. & C0., Cambridge,

Mass.

The portion of the term of this patent subsequent to June 26, 1990, has been disclaimed.

Filed: Sept. 22, 1972 Appl. No.: 291,491

Related U.S. Application Data Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 803,438, Feb. 28, 1969, Pat. No. 3,741,856, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 676,652, Oct. 19, 1967, abandoned.

Notice:

[52] U.S. Cl .l 161/92, 161/88, 161/93, 161/167, 161/236,161/406, 156/337, 117/68.5,117/168 Int. Cl 1332b 11/02 Field of Search 404/66, 31, 67, 32; 61/1, 61/7; 161/406, 236, 92, 89; 52/420, 309; 117/168, 68, 68.5; 156/337 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Gage 404/31 Mg 8 w 1,911,139 5/1933 Fischer 404/67 3,032,928 5/1962 Jackson 117/6815 3,388,723 6/1968 McNulty 161/76 3,402,742 9/1968 OBrien 161/92 3,457,136 7/1969 Zaadnoordijk... 156/337 3,474,625 10/1969 Draper et al..... 161/236 3,741,856 6/1973 Hurst 161/88 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 249,629 12/1962 Australia 161/236 699,950

12/1964 Canada 161/236 Primary Examiner-George F. Lesmes Assistant ExaminerR. I. Roche Attorney, Agent, or Firm william L. Baker; C. Edward Parker [57] ABSTRACT The concrete sublayer in a bituminous road or pavement structure is waterproofed using a preformed sheet material made up of a flexible sheet-like support (e.g., woven polypropylene mesh) having on its surface placed adjacent the concrete a waterproof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition, and on the other surface, a layer of bituminous composition to which has been added sufficient wax to render the composition nontacky when cold, the wax-containing layer becoming tacky or pressure-sensitive at an elevated temperature.

11 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PMEMH] BEE 1 U HEM FIG. 2

l WATERPROOFED CONCRETE STRUCTURE This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application, Ser. No. 803,438, filed Feb. 28,

1969 now US. Pat. No. 3,741 ,856, which is a continuation-in-part of my application, Ser. No. 676,652, filed Oct. 19, 1967, now abandoned.

This invention relates to the sealing of the concrete layer in a composite building or civil engineering structure in which a layer of concrete is employed. More particularly, this invention pertains to the waterproofing of the concrete layer in such a structure using a waterproofing which is in the form of a preformed sheetlike structure. The sheet-like structure is designed in a particular manner to receive, and be bonded to, a layer of hot poured bituminous or asphaltic material such as a wear course of asphaltic concrete.

It is desirable to waterproof the concrete mass employed as a sub-base in a road or pavement structure, especially an above-ground road or pavement structure which is particularly susceptible to freezing. Bridge decks, for example, due to their elevation, tend to freeze faster than on-ground structures and consequently receive a comparatively larger application of the widely used de-icer, calcium chloride. Calcium chloride is, however, corrosive of the structural steel employed in the deck and, therefore, its penetration into and through cracks occuring in the concrete sublayer to the structural steel supporting the deck should be prevented.

The waterproofing of such a concrete layer is realized according to the invention by the use of preformed structures of pressure-sensitive adhesives. Such structures can be produced on a large scale in a factory and then used on site.

Reference is made to the accompanying drawing wherein FIG. 1 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the structure of the invention, and FIG. 2 is a sectional view in perspective of the structure of FIG. I installed in a road or pavement construction.

FIG. 2 is a sectional view in perspective of the structure of FIG. 1 installed in a road or pavement construction.

The structure comprises a sheet-like substrate and contiguous thereto, a membrane 2 of a waterproofing pressure-sensitive adhesive comprising a mixture of rubber and a bituminous material. (The terms bituminous material and bitumen are used in this specification inclusive of compositions and materials containing asphalt, tar or pitch). The surface of the substrate remote from the pressure-sensitive adhesive is coated with a layer 3 of a bituminous adhesive composition which is not pressure-sensitive adherent or tacky when cold but becomes tacky at elevated temperature, as when a hot bituminous or asphaltic mix 4 is poured thereon. Such an adhesive composition comprises a mixture of a'normally tacky or pressure-sensitive bituminous material to which has been added an amount of a normally solid wax component sufficient to reduce the tackiness thereof. The rendering of this layer nontacky by the addition of the wax permits, for example, asphalt-laying equipment to be driven thereover during the application of the hot asphaltic mix, following which the adhesive layer becomes tacky due to the elevated temperature of the asphaltic wear-layer. Activation of the tacky or pressure-sensitive quality of the adhesive composition by the hot asphaltic layer enables a strong bonding between the wax-containing adhesive layer of the waterproofing structure and the asphaltic wear course.

The bituminous material-rubber waterproofing adhesive layer is formed of natural or synthetic rubber, virgin or reclaimed, or mixtures thereof, blended into bitumen to provide a smooth mix. The ratio by weight of bitumen to rubber is suitably greater than :20, preferably up to :5, especially about 90:10. If desired, the membrane may be reinforced with asbestos fibers or other types of fillers. Generally, suitable compositions have softening points (measured by the Ring and Ball method) of 60 to preferably 60 to 110C. and

penetration values of 50 to 400, preferably to 300' at 25C. (100g. 5 secs I.P. method). In order to give utmost sealing ability, especially after movement of the concrete layer, the waterproofing adhesive membrane layer should be least 0.025 cm. (0.0l0 inch) thick, preferably 0.063 to 0.50 cm. (0.025 to 0.20 inch) thick.

A wide variety of materials can be used as the sheetlike support. It is generally desirable that the support should be substantially impermeable to water. For many purposes, it is desirable that the support should be such that after application to the surface it is capable of stretching with movement of the concrete or other material, e.g., as a result of shrinkage, with maintenance of a moisture and moisture-vapor-proof seal. To this end, it is desirable that the combined structure of the support and the membrane should have, at 20C., an elongation at break of at least 300%, a tensile strength of at least 100 lb. per foot width (at least 1.5 kg. percm. width) and an Elmendorf tear strength of at least 750 gm. However, where stretchability and flexibility are less important than other properties, supports not fulfilling these requirements can be utilized. For example, it is desirable for some purposes to use a metallic foil, particularly, of copper or aluminum, as the support.

The supports are generally films of natural rubber or of a synthetic organic polymer such as polyethylene, e.g., that commercially available under the trade name Polythene, polypropylene or other polyolefin, a polyamide, a polyester, e.g., polyethylene terephthalate, a polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride, a copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinylidene chloride, a synthetic rubber such as polychloroprene or butyl rubber, regenerated cellulose, cellulose ethers or cellulose esters. Inorganic or metallic supports can also be used. The support should be such that hot asphalt can be poured directly onto it without deleterious effect on the waterproof seal. For this purpose, the support should be able to resist, or be made able to resist, a temperature of at least 150C., preferably at least C, for asphalt mixes such as sand course asphalt, and even higher temperatures for hot asphalt (mastic), which is applied at temperatures up to 250C. A particularly suitable material for this purpose is one consisting of a woven fabric of polypropylene fibers. While cellular films can be used as supports, the supports are generally substantially incompressible and have a thickness of a most 0.25 inch (0.6 cm). Other sheet-like supports include woven and non-woven fabrics of inorganic or organic natural or synthetic fibers (i.e., staple fibers or continuous filaments), e.g., a woven fabric of fibers of one of the synthetic organic polymers already referred to, glass tissue, hessian, cotton or other fiber scrim or bituminous roofing felt.

The normally non-tacky layer deposited on the surface of the support remote from the bitumen-rubber waterproofing adhesive membrane is, as mentioned above, formed of a normally tacky or pressure-sensitive bituminous material to which has been added sufficient wax to render the bituminous matterial non-tacky. The precise amount of wax employed will vary depending upon the type of wax employed and the degree of reduction in tackiness desired. Generally from 1 to 10, preferably from about 2 to 5, parts by weight of bituminous per part by weight of wax is employed.

The wax employed are normally solid and possess melting points such that when mixed with the bituminous material, the coating will'melt at the temperature of the bituminous or asphaltic wear coat mix deposited upon it. The wax-bitumen mixture preferably possesses a melting point of at least about 1 15F, preferably 174F. The waxes may be selected from any suitable source, for example, carnauba or candelilla or a mineral wax, e.g., montan wax or petroleum waxes such as paraffin and microcrystalline waxes. Normally solid synthetic waxes having the requisite melting point may also be employed such as the ethylenic polymers, e.g., Carbowax," chlorinated naphthalenes and hydrocarbon type waxes such as prepared via the Fischer- Tropsch synthesis.

The thickness of the bitumen-wax layer may be varied, but in all cases the thickness should be at least sufficient to form a bond with the asphaltic mix deposited thereon. Generally, a thickness of at least about 0.001 inch, preferably at least about 0.002 inch is employed.

The waterproofing structures useful in the invention may be produced in the factory in the form of laminates of the various layers described above. The widths of the structures may vary widely, e.g., from 1 to 48 inches (2.5 to 120 cm); generally they willbe at least 2 inches (5 cm.) wide, e.g., 6 to 36 inches to 90 cm.) wide, with widths in the upper part of this range, e.g., 24 to 36 inches (60 to 90 cm.), being preferred. The thickness of the novel structures can also vary widely but will generally be from 0.01 to 0.25 or 0.35 inch (0.025 to 0.6 or 0.9 cm.).

To permit storage and handling, the normally pressure-sensitive adhesive layer may be covered with a protective covering or coating which can be removed at the job site without damage to the membrane. A wide variety of materials can be used to provide protective coatings in the novel structures of the invention.

Paper having a release coating thereon, e.g., siliconized paper or suitable material formulated from or with polytetrafluoroetylene, is satisfactory. Other materials include treated or modified films of organic polymers.

In use, the protective coating is simply removed from the waterproofing structure and the structure applied to the concrete layer 5, e.g., the concrete sublayer which is supported by the structural steel members. A primer coat, for instance, liquid bituminous composition or neoprene-based composition may first be applied if desired, to the concrete layer. The waterproofed structure is then in position for deposition of the hot asphaltic wear course mix directly upon the wax-bitumen coating which renders the coating sufficiently tacky or pressure-sensitive to form a strong bond with the wear coat.

The invention is illustrated by the following example.

EXAMPLE To one side of a sheet (10 mils thick) of woven polypropylene mesh is applied a coating (60 mils thick) of a pressure-sensitive bituminous adhesive composition containing 7 parts by weight of rubber and 93 parts by weight of asphalt. To the other side of the mesh sheet is applied a hot coating (2 mils thick) of an asphaltparaffin wax mixture. The mixture was prepared by blending 50 gallons of asphalt with 120 pounds of paraffin wax. The wax-asphalt mix had a melting point of about 180F. When cooled, the wax-bitumen coating is non-tacky to the touch and will bear traffic, e.g., asphalt laying equipment over it without the coating being lifted from the sheet.

The resulting waterproofing laminate structure is applied to the concrete sublayer of a conventional bridge deck construction, with the rubber-asphalt adhesive surface adjacent the concrete. A primer coat of, e.g., neoprene-based compound can be applied to the concrete before applying the laminate if desired. A wearcourse comprised of one or two coats of hot (180F.) asphaltic concrete is then layed down over the waxasphalt layer forming a strong unitary bond between the waterproofing membrane structure and the wear course.

It is claimed:

1. In combination (a) a structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support, on one side of the support a layer of bituminous composition comprising a mixture of a bitumen and wax, wherein the ratio by weight of bitumen to wax is from about 1 to 10 parts bitumen per part of wax, and on the other side of the support a waterproof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 cm thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the grouping consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or combinations thereof, with a bitumen, the ratio by weight of said bitumen to said rubber being greater than :20; (b) a concrete surface to which the face of said pressure-sensitive membrane is adherent; and (c) a layer of load bearing, hot poured asphaltic concrete deposited over the adherent to the bitumen-wax layer.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein the support is a woven fabric of polypropylene fibers.

3. The combination of claim 1 wherein a layer of bituminous or neoprene-based primer composition is employed between said concrete and said membrane.

4. The combination of claim 3 wherein the melting point of the mixture of wax and bitumen is at least F.

5. The combination of claim 1 wherein the melting point of the mixture of wax and bitumen is at least F.

6. The combination of claim 1 wherein said wax is paraffin wax.

7. A waterproofing structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support, on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition which is not normally tacky but which becomes tacky at an elevated temperature comprised of normally tacky bitumen to which has been added sufficient wax to render the mixture nontacky, and on the other side of the support a wateroroof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 on thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber or combinations thereof and a bitumen, the ratio by weight of said bitumen to said rubber being greater than 80:20.

8. The structure of claim 7 wherein said support is a woven polypropylene mesh.

9. In combination (a) a structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support, on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition comprising a mixture of a bitumen and a wax wherein the ratio by weight of bitumen wax is from about 1 to 10 parts bitumen per part of wax, and on the other side of the support a waterproof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 cm thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or combinations thereof with a bitumen, the ratio by weight ofsaid bitumen to said rubber being greater than 80:20 and/less than 95:5; (b) a concrete surface to which the face of said pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane is adherent; and (c) a layer of load bearing, hot poured asphaltic concrete deposited over and adherent to the bitumen-wax layer.

10. A waterproofing structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition which is not normally tacky but which becomes tacky at an elevated temperature comprised of a normally tacky bitumen to which has been added sufficient wax to render the mixture nontacky, and on the other side of the support a waterproof, pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 cm thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or combinations thereof with a bitumen, the ratio by weight of said bitumen to said rubber being greater than :20, the face of said membrane remote from said support being covered with a protective covering easily removable from the membrane without damage thereto.

11. The structure of claim 10 wherein said protective covering is paper having a layer of release coating on its surface adjacent said membrane.

Claims (11)

1. IN COMBINATION (A) A STRUCTURE COMPRISING A FLEXIBLE SHEET-LIKE SUPPORT, ON ONE SIDE OF THE SUPPORT A LAYER OF BITUMINOUS COMPOSITION COMPRISING A MIXTURE OF A BITUMEN AND WAX, WHEREIN THE RATIO BY WEIGHT OF BITUMEN TO WAX IS FORM ABOUT 1 TO 10 PARTS BITUMEN PART OF WAX, AND ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE SUPPORT A WATERPROOF PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE MEMBRANE FORMED OF A BITUMINOUS RUBBER COMPOSITION AT LEAST 0.025 CM THICK WHICH IS A BLEND OF A RUBBER SELECTED FROM THE GROUPING CONSISTING OF A NATURAL RUBBER, SYHTHETIC RUBBER, OR COMBINATIONS THEREOF, WITH A BITUMEN, THE RATIO BY WEIGHT OF SAID BITUMEN TO SAID RUBBER BEING GREATER THAN 80:20; (B) A CONCRETE SURFACE TO WHICH THE FACE OF SAID PRESSURE-SENSITIVE MEMBRANCE IS ADHERENT; AND (C) A LAYER OF LOAD BEARING, HOT POURED ASPHALTIC CONCRETE DEPOSITED OVER THE ADHERENT TO THE BITUMEN-WAX LAYER.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein the support is a woven fabric of polypropylene fibers.
3. The combination of claim 1 wherein a layer of bituminous or neoprene-based primer composition is employed between said concrete and said membrane.
4. The combination of claim 3 wherein the melting point of the mixture of wax and bitumen is at least 115*F.
5. The combination of claim 1 wherein the melting point of the mixture of wax and bitumen is at least 175*F.
6. The combination of claim 1 wherein said wax is paraffin wax.
7. A waterproofing structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support, on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition which is not normally tacky but which becomes tacky at an elevated temperature comprised of normally tacky bitumen to which has been added sufficient wax to render the mixture non-tacky, and on the other side of the support a wateroroof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 on thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber or combinations thereof and a bitumen, the ratio by weight of said bitumen to said rubber being greater than 80: 20.
8. The structure of claim 7 wherein said support is a woven polypropylene mesh.
9. In combination (a) a structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support, on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition comprising a mixture of a bitumen and a wax wherein the ratio by weight of bitumen wax is from about 1 to 10 parts bitumen per part of wax, anD on the other side of the support a waterproof pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 cm thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or combinations thereof with a bitumen, the ratio by weight ofsaid bitumen to said rubber being greater than 80:20 and/less than 95:5; (b) a concrete surface to which the face of said pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane is adherent; and (c) a layer of load bearing, hot poured asphaltic concrete deposited over and adherent to the bitumen-wax layer.
10. A waterproofing structure comprising a flexible sheet-like support on one side of the support a layer of a bituminous composition which is not normally tacky but which becomes tacky at an elevated temperature comprised of a normally tacky bitumen to which has been added sufficient wax to render the mixture non-tacky, and on the other side of the support a waterproof, pressure-sensitive adhesive membrane formed of a bituminous rubber composition at least 0.025 cm thick which is a blend of a rubber selected from the group consisting of a natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or combinations thereof with a bitumen, the ratio by weight of said bitumen to said rubber being greater than 80:20, the face of said membrane remote from said support being covered with a protective covering easily removable from the membrane without damage thereto.
11. The structure of claim 10 wherein said protective covering is paper having a layer of release coating on its surface adjacent said membrane.
US3853682A 1969-02-28 1972-09-22 Waterproofed concrete structure Expired - Lifetime US3853682A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US80343869 true 1969-02-28 1969-02-28
US3853682A US3853682A (en) 1969-02-28 1972-09-22 Waterproofed concrete structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3853682A US3853682A (en) 1969-02-28 1972-09-22 Waterproofed concrete structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3853682A true US3853682A (en) 1974-12-10

Family

ID=26966817

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3853682A Expired - Lifetime US3853682A (en) 1969-02-28 1972-09-22 Waterproofed concrete structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3853682A (en)

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3931439A (en) * 1973-01-22 1976-01-06 Phillips Petroleum Company Modified asphalt hydraulic sealer
US4160058A (en) * 1975-12-23 1979-07-03 Gall Jean Yves K Waterproof covering device, especially for terraces, and method for manufacturing same
FR2464333A1 (en) * 1979-08-30 1981-03-06 Smac Acieroid Composite sealing web comprising bitumen impregnated sheet - and porous polyethylene surface sheet
FR2477600A1 (en) * 1980-03-07 1981-09-11 Magyar Asvanyolaj Es Foeldgaz Method for establishment of insulation against water
EP0080727A2 (en) * 1981-11-30 1983-06-08 Alfred Kunz GmbH & Co. Insulating layer for a concrete or steel structure
US4417939A (en) * 1982-03-02 1983-11-29 Mcadams Manufacturing Co., Inc. System for producing a bitumen laminate
US4518548A (en) * 1983-05-02 1985-05-21 Sulcon, Inc. Method of overlaying sulphur concrete on horizontal and vertical surfaces
US4622252A (en) * 1982-09-29 1986-11-11 Phillips Petroleum Company Laminate with plastic film
US4684288A (en) * 1986-01-22 1987-08-04 Xavier Chapa Asphaltic pavement tiles
US4813811A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-03-21 Simulators Limited, Inc. Prefabricated pavement devices
US4897313A (en) * 1988-07-01 1990-01-30 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Primer/membrane waterproofing system
US5023290A (en) * 1988-09-12 1991-06-11 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Compositions and methods for waterproofing wet structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5116647A (en) * 1988-09-12 1992-05-26 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Methods for water proofing wet structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5132183A (en) * 1989-06-20 1992-07-21 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Compositions and methods for waterproofing structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5145748A (en) * 1989-06-20 1992-09-08 W.R. Grace & Co. -Conn. Waterproofing system for water-penetrable construction surfaces
US5199815A (en) * 1991-07-02 1993-04-06 Nkk Corporation Floor structure for indoor artificial skiing ground
US5316848A (en) * 1991-03-01 1994-05-31 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Waterproofing membrane
US5496615A (en) * 1991-03-01 1996-03-05 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Waterproofing membrane
US5576065A (en) * 1995-02-03 1996-11-19 Poly Wall International, Inc. Multilayered system for waterproofing rigid structural materials
US6588974B2 (en) * 1997-08-29 2003-07-08 SCHÜMANN SASOL GmbH Bitumen or asphalt for producing a road topping, road topping and method for the production of bitumen or asphalt
US6591877B1 (en) * 1999-12-01 2003-07-15 Hoshizaki America, Inc. Beverage dispenser unit
US20040031223A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 Durning Timothy A. Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
US20040059036A1 (en) * 2002-09-23 2004-03-25 Gaveske John H. Method and composition for waterproofing
US20040219846A1 (en) * 2003-05-01 2004-11-04 Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc. Composite biasable reflective sheet and sleeve
US20050196590A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Jyoti Seth Three-dimensional reverse tanking membranes
US20080073849A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Quinn Robert E Asphalt-containing projectable targets
CN100419165C (en) 2004-05-14 2008-09-17 深圳市海川实业股份有限公司 Waterproof structure for deck and construction method thereof
US20090053529A1 (en) * 2007-08-21 2009-02-26 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation Roofing sheet material
US20090293398A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Eren Tumer H System for Creating a Decking/Flooring and a method for Installing Same
US20100173112A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-07-08 Wiercinski Robert A Waterproof Membrane
US20100173110A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-07-08 Wiercinski Robert A Skid Resistant Membrane
US20100196648A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Susnata Samanta Waterproofing Membrane
US20110052852A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Susnata Samanta Waterproofing Membrane

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1862011A (en) * 1928-01-03 1932-06-07 Robert B Gage Concrete pavement and its construction
US1911139A (en) * 1925-12-26 1933-05-23 Carey Philip Mfg Co Premolded expansion joint prepared from bituminous rubber substitutes
US3032928A (en) * 1957-10-22 1962-05-08 Bird & Son Self-sealing shingle adhesive
CA699950A (en) * 1964-12-15 Koppers Company Protective sheet
US3388723A (en) * 1964-04-20 1968-06-18 Nee & Mcnulty Inc Pipe covered with laminated elastic protective wrapping
US3402742A (en) * 1964-08-27 1968-09-24 Royston Lab Pipe coating methods and coated pipe
US3457136A (en) * 1966-03-19 1969-07-22 American Enka Corp Process for producing fiber reinforced bitumen-containing products and the reinforced products obtained thereby
US3474625A (en) * 1967-05-29 1969-10-28 Phillips Petroleum Co Laminates of a polyolefin fabric and/or film and asphaltic material
US3741856A (en) * 1966-10-21 1973-06-26 Grace W R & Co Novel sealants and adhesives

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA699950A (en) * 1964-12-15 Koppers Company Protective sheet
US1911139A (en) * 1925-12-26 1933-05-23 Carey Philip Mfg Co Premolded expansion joint prepared from bituminous rubber substitutes
US1862011A (en) * 1928-01-03 1932-06-07 Robert B Gage Concrete pavement and its construction
US3032928A (en) * 1957-10-22 1962-05-08 Bird & Son Self-sealing shingle adhesive
US3388723A (en) * 1964-04-20 1968-06-18 Nee & Mcnulty Inc Pipe covered with laminated elastic protective wrapping
US3402742A (en) * 1964-08-27 1968-09-24 Royston Lab Pipe coating methods and coated pipe
US3457136A (en) * 1966-03-19 1969-07-22 American Enka Corp Process for producing fiber reinforced bitumen-containing products and the reinforced products obtained thereby
US3741856A (en) * 1966-10-21 1973-06-26 Grace W R & Co Novel sealants and adhesives
US3474625A (en) * 1967-05-29 1969-10-28 Phillips Petroleum Co Laminates of a polyolefin fabric and/or film and asphaltic material

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3931439A (en) * 1973-01-22 1976-01-06 Phillips Petroleum Company Modified asphalt hydraulic sealer
US4160058A (en) * 1975-12-23 1979-07-03 Gall Jean Yves K Waterproof covering device, especially for terraces, and method for manufacturing same
FR2464333A1 (en) * 1979-08-30 1981-03-06 Smac Acieroid Composite sealing web comprising bitumen impregnated sheet - and porous polyethylene surface sheet
FR2477600A1 (en) * 1980-03-07 1981-09-11 Magyar Asvanyolaj Es Foeldgaz Method for establishment of insulation against water
EP0080727A2 (en) * 1981-11-30 1983-06-08 Alfred Kunz GmbH & Co. Insulating layer for a concrete or steel structure
EP0080727A3 (en) * 1981-11-30 1983-12-21 Kunz Gmbh & Co. Alfred Insulating layer for a concrete or steel structure
US4417939A (en) * 1982-03-02 1983-11-29 Mcadams Manufacturing Co., Inc. System for producing a bitumen laminate
US4622252A (en) * 1982-09-29 1986-11-11 Phillips Petroleum Company Laminate with plastic film
US4518548A (en) * 1983-05-02 1985-05-21 Sulcon, Inc. Method of overlaying sulphur concrete on horizontal and vertical surfaces
US4684288A (en) * 1986-01-22 1987-08-04 Xavier Chapa Asphaltic pavement tiles
US4813811A (en) * 1987-06-23 1989-03-21 Simulators Limited, Inc. Prefabricated pavement devices
US4897313A (en) * 1988-07-01 1990-01-30 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Primer/membrane waterproofing system
US5116647A (en) * 1988-09-12 1992-05-26 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Methods for water proofing wet structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5023290A (en) * 1988-09-12 1991-06-11 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Compositions and methods for waterproofing wet structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5132183A (en) * 1989-06-20 1992-07-21 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Compositions and methods for waterproofing structures formed from water-penetrable construction materials
US5145748A (en) * 1989-06-20 1992-09-08 W.R. Grace & Co. -Conn. Waterproofing system for water-penetrable construction surfaces
US5316848A (en) * 1991-03-01 1994-05-31 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Waterproofing membrane
US5496615A (en) * 1991-03-01 1996-03-05 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Waterproofing membrane
US5199815A (en) * 1991-07-02 1993-04-06 Nkk Corporation Floor structure for indoor artificial skiing ground
US5576065A (en) * 1995-02-03 1996-11-19 Poly Wall International, Inc. Multilayered system for waterproofing rigid structural materials
US6588974B2 (en) * 1997-08-29 2003-07-08 SCHÜMANN SASOL GmbH Bitumen or asphalt for producing a road topping, road topping and method for the production of bitumen or asphalt
US20030231928A1 (en) * 1997-08-29 2003-12-18 Schumann Sasol Gmbh Bitumen or asphalt for the production of road surfaces, road surfaces, and method for the preparation of bitumen or asphalt
US6913416B2 (en) * 1997-08-29 2005-07-05 Schuman Sasol Gmbh Bitumen or asphalt for the production of road surfaces, road surfaces, and method for the preparation of bitumen or asphalt
US6591877B1 (en) * 1999-12-01 2003-07-15 Hoshizaki America, Inc. Beverage dispenser unit
US6898917B2 (en) * 2002-08-15 2005-05-31 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
US7219479B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2007-05-22 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
US20050183387A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2005-08-25 W.R. Grace & Co. - Conn.. Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
US20040031223A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 Durning Timothy A. Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
WO2004016870A3 (en) * 2002-08-15 2005-02-03 Grace W R & Co Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
WO2004016870A2 (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-26 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn Avoiding cracking and curling in concrete flooring upon which water-based adhesives are employed
US20040059036A1 (en) * 2002-09-23 2004-03-25 Gaveske John H. Method and composition for waterproofing
WO2004102759A3 (en) * 2003-05-01 2005-06-02 Federal Mogul Powertrain Inc Composite biasable reflective sheet and sleeve
WO2004102759A2 (en) * 2003-05-01 2004-11-25 Federal-Mogul Powertrain, Inc. Composite biasable reflective sheet and sleeve
US20040219846A1 (en) * 2003-05-01 2004-11-04 Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc. Composite biasable reflective sheet and sleeve
US20050196590A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-09-08 Jyoti Seth Three-dimensional reverse tanking membranes
US20110214797A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2011-09-08 Jyoti Seth Three-dimensional reverse tanking membranes
US7968171B2 (en) 2004-03-03 2011-06-28 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Three-dimensional reverse tanking membranes
US8475909B2 (en) 2004-03-03 2013-07-02 W. R. Grace & Co. —Conn. Three-dimensional reverse tanking membranes
CN100419165C (en) 2004-05-14 2008-09-17 深圳市海川实业股份有限公司 Waterproof structure for deck and construction method thereof
US20080073849A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Quinn Robert E Asphalt-containing projectable targets
US20100173110A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-07-08 Wiercinski Robert A Skid Resistant Membrane
US20100173112A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-07-08 Wiercinski Robert A Waterproof Membrane
US20090053529A1 (en) * 2007-08-21 2009-02-26 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Corporation Roofing sheet material
US20090293398A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Eren Tumer H System for Creating a Decking/Flooring and a method for Installing Same
US8186117B2 (en) 2008-05-27 2012-05-29 Eren Tumer H System for creating a decking/flooring and a method for installing same
US20100196648A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Susnata Samanta Waterproofing Membrane
US8298661B2 (en) * 2009-01-30 2012-10-30 W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn Waterproofing membrane
US20110052852A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Susnata Samanta Waterproofing Membrane
US8298662B2 (en) * 2009-08-28 2012-10-30 W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. Waterproofing membrane

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3411256A (en) Roof construction and method thereof
US3029172A (en) Polyurethane foam-coated expanded plastic insulation and roof board
US3138897A (en) Self-sealing shingle
US5791109A (en) Gypsum board and finishing system containing same
US5319900A (en) Finishing and roof deck systems containing fibrous mat-faced gypsum boards
US5194113A (en) Process for making conformable thermoplastic marking sheet
US4374687A (en) Process for making a built-up thermal insulating and bituminous waterproofing assembly
US4420524A (en) Bitumen, atactic polypropylene and propylene/ethylene copolymer compositions and water-proofing membranes using the same
US4160346A (en) Roof coating composition and construction
US4331726A (en) Roofing composition and structure
US4588634A (en) Coating formulation for inorganic fiber mat based bituminous roofing shingles
US4670071A (en) Method of forming a waterproof roof
US2943953A (en) Flooring composition and method of making the same
US4032491A (en) Roofing composition and resulting product
US3978014A (en) Bituminous compositions containing two polymers
US4744693A (en) Pot hole filler material and method of filling same
US5232530A (en) Method of making a thick shingle
US20060228963A1 (en) Nonwoven polymeric fiber mat composites and method
US4637946A (en) Road repair membrane
US4282127A (en) Polymer-containing bituminous composition and composite sealing sheet including the same
US6453628B2 (en) Architectural waterproofing membrane and termite barrier
US20040172908A1 (en) Cap sheet, roofing installation, and method
US3587964A (en) Protective course for bridge deck
US2925831A (en) Fabrication of composite surfaces and structures
US4585682A (en) Roofing membranes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: W. R. GRACE & CO.-CONN., MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:GRACE MERGER CORP. A CT CORP. (MERGED INTO);W. R. GRACE & CO. A CT. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:005206/0001

Effective date: 19880525