US3848587A - Ear, nose and throat examining instrument - Google Patents

Ear, nose and throat examining instrument Download PDF

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US3848587A
US3848587A US30852872A US3848587A US 3848587 A US3848587 A US 3848587A US 30852872 A US30852872 A US 30852872A US 3848587 A US3848587 A US 3848587A
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tang
handle
speculum
ear
ent
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B Mcdonald
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B Mcdonald
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/24Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/06Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
    • A61B1/07Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements using light-conductive means, e.g. optical fibres
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/227Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for ears, i.e. otoscopes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/32Devices for opening or enlarging the visual field, e.g. of a tube of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/012Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor
    • A61B1/015Control of fluid supply or evacuation

Abstract

This instrument has an elongated handle with a non-round speculum supporting tang extending laterally from the handle at one end. A fiber optic bundle extends through the handle and terminates at the end of the tang for conducting light from a remote light source and illuminating a body cavity. A variety of transparent specula can be fitted on the support tang. One ear speculum has a closed transparent end through which the ear may be viewed. One channel along the length of this speculum permits insertion of instruments or fluid. A second channel permits drainage of fluid into a collection vial. In addition, a laryngoscope speculum may be fitted on the tang. The laryngoscope also includes means for administering a topical anaesthetic in the region of the soft palate.

Description

emu-women an 715 fiaa l l s Estates [111 a a ttt fi iti Mfi nald [45] Nov. 2? $74 a e. ii EAR, NGSE AN?) THROAT EXfitMENING Primary Examiner-Lucie H. Laudenslager ENSTRUMENT Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Christie, Parker & Hale [76} Inventor: Bernard Mefiunald, 18212 Pacific U Coast l-lwy., Malibu, Calif. 91265 [571 ABSTRACT [2'2] Filed, NOV 2K {972 This instrument has an elongated handle with a noni t'ouncl speculum supporting tang extending laterally [2H Appl. No.: 308,528 from the handle at one end. A fiber optic bundle extends through the handle and terminates at the end of n the tang for conducting light from a remote light t Source and illuminating a i y A variey of [58] g 9 3 transparent specula can be fitted on the support tang.

t a ()ne ear speculum has a closed transparent end 6/110 H4 B16124 through which the ear may be viewed. One channel [56] Rdwences Cited along the length of this speculum permits insertion of f instruments or fluid. A second channel permits drain- UNITED s ATES PA'I ENTS age of fluid into a collection vial. In addition, a laryn- 2.8t 5.53? S/l959 Wood, Jr. r. 128/6 X goscope speculum may be fitted on the tang The la- 6/1962 Moore 0 28/4 ryngoscope also includes means for administering a 3,224,437 l2/l965 llardgrove 128/9 to ical anaesthetic in the re ion of the soft alate. 3,739,769 6/1973 Kaye l28/9 p g p 8 Claims, 10 Drawing Figures 485 1 on IN 128/? EAR, NOSE AND THROAT EXAMTNING INSTRUMENT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION of the ear. Typically, these have a generally cone-- shaped speculum that is inserted into the ear canal. Illumination of the interior of the ear is provided and in some cases magnifying lenses may be included in the 4 otoscope. The conventional otoscope has a circular ring into which a speculum is threaded and, typically, the doctor does no more than wipe off the speculum between one patient and the next. The same or a similar speculum may also be used in the nose, although such examination is less commonly conducted.

When it is desired to view the lower throat, an angled mirror is inserted deep into the mouth and typically touches against the soft palate or other portion of the back of the throat. This touching frequently causes the patient to gag or become nauseated and it has become customary for the examining physician to apply a topical anaesthetic to this region. Typically, this is sprayed onto the surfaces and in the matter of minutes, the region is numbed and the gag reflex suppressed.

The instruments for examining and treating the ear, nose and throat of the patient are in need of substantial improvement for ease of manipulation, increased visibility for examination, economy of construction and a disposability to reduce cross-contamination.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE iNVENTlON There is, therefore, provided in practice of this invention an improved ear nose and throat examining instrument having an elongated handle witha non-round speculum support tang extending laterally therefrom at one end. A fiber optic bundle extends through the handle for conducting light from a remote light source to the end ofthe tang. A variety of transparent specula for the ear, nose. mouth and lower throat fit onto the support tang for examination of these cavities.

DRAWINGS These and other features and advantages of the present invention will be appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description of presently preferred embodiments when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein: 7

FIG. 1 illustrates in perspective an improved ear. nose and throat examining instrument constructed according to principles of this invention;

FIG. 2 illustrates in rear view a typical inexpensive ear speculum for the examining instrument;

FIG. 3 illustrates in end view the speculum support tang of the instrument;

FIG. 4 illustrates in cross-section the end of the tang of FIG. 3 along line'4-'t;

FIG. 5 illustrates in cross-section the instrument as used for examination and treatment of a person's ear;

FIG. 6 illustrates in rear view an improved cur speculum which is also seen in cross-section in PILLS;

FIG. 7 illustrates a collection vial for the improved ear speculum of FIG. 6;

FIG. ,8 illustrates the examining instrument fitted with a-tongue depressor;

FIG. 9 illustrates in side view the examining instrument fitted with a laryngoscope; and

FIG. 18 is a perspective view of the improved laryngoscope of FIG. 9;

FIG. 12 illustrates an alternative collection vial;

DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 illustrates in perspective an improved ear, nose and throat (ENT) examining instrument constructed according to principles of this invention. Portions of the instrument can also be seen in FIGS. 5, 8 and 9. The ENT instrument has an elongated handle 20 that conveniently has a generally rectangular crosssection. A slide 21 fits into a T-slot 22 extending along the length. of the handle. A thumb knob 23 on the slide permits it to be moved up and down easily during use of the instrument. The slide is held in position by a de tent spring 24 after it has been adjusted. A magnifying lens 26 is mounted on the upper end of the slide so that when it is in its elevated position opposite the tang, it can be used for magnifying an area within an ear, for example, for close examination. Similarly, the slide can be retracted so that the lens is out of the field of view of the physician and to permit access by surgical instruments, for example.

A speculum support tang 27 extends laterally from the handle at its upper end. The tang is preferably integral with the handle and extends therefrom at an angle of about to rather than at a right angle. This turns out to be a very convenient angle for most examinations and permits the instrument to be manipulated in such a way that specula mounted on the tang are not easily dislodged. As better seen in FIG. 3, the tang has a somewhat flattened curved cross-section adjacent its forward end. The forward end of the tang is not circular so that a speculum mounted thereon will not rotate. In addition. the end of the tang is preferably tapered with a locking or self-holding taper so that a speculum pressed on is not easily dislodged. The speculum can be pushed oft with the thumb after use and discarded.

An intense light source 28 illustrated only schematically in PEG. 1 is located remote from the handle. A conventional flexible fiber optic bundle 29 extends from the remote light source through the lower end of the handle and terminates adjacent the end of the tang 27 as seen in FIG. 3. By using a fi er optic bundle and a remote light source, an intense illunination can be provided from the end of the tang without making the instrument itself hot. In addition, the light source can be conveniently powered from an ordinary convenience outlet rather than requiring batteries or other portable power supply. Removal of batteries from the examining instrument makes it much lighter weight than present instruments.

As best seen in FIG. 4,21 transparent plastic cover 31 is fitted on the end of the tang so as to cover the end ofthe til er optic bundlc.Shallow grooves 32 in the end of the tang retain the cover in place during use. However, if desired, the cover can be strapped off and replaced. The cover serves to protect the end of the fiber optic bundle from mechanical damage and contmnination. It also permits the exchange ofcovers for a variety of functions. 'Thus, for example. the surface of the I) cover can be roughened to diffuse the light from the fiber optic bundle, if desired. Similarly, the cover can he non-planar for concentrating or spreading the light beam for more specific illumination. One can also remove the water clear transparent cover and replace it with a green tinted transparent cover for enhancing the contrast of blood vessels in the region being examined. Green light can, of course, be obtained by a filter in a light source.

About the most common attachment for the EMT instrument is an ear speculum 33 as illustrated in FIGS.

1 and 2. This car speculum is in the form of a generally flaring done similar in external shape to the conventional spccula used with otoscopes. The larger end of the speculum is open. The smaller end may be open or i 'if desired, the lens 26 for n'iagniflcation.

Light from the fiber optic bundle 29 is projected from the end of the tang and passes through the transparent end of the socket 34. Some of the light projects through the open center portion of the speculum and some is conducted along the transparent plastic so as to be projected from the smaller end of the speculum. This latter is preferred when the small end of the speculum is closed so there is minimum reflection from the window at the end of the speculum. In such an embodiment, the transition between the end of the socket 34 and the balance of the ear speculum is gradual so thatmost of the light is transmitted along the length of the speculum until it reaches its smaller end. if desired, the interior surface larger end of the speculum can be darkened or made opaque to avoid an objectionable ring of illumination due to reflection internally within the speculum. lf the inside is rendered opaque, a transparent window may be left at the end of the socket for transmitting light from the end of the tang.

One problem that sometimes occurs in examination (particularly of children) is that the person moves his head suddenly, which can cause painful or dangerous penetration of the speculum into the ear. The improved ENT instrument is therefore provided with a spring loaded bumper 36 below the tang. The bumper is typically a circular pad that can be rested against the next or jaw ofthe patient for limiting penetration ofthe speculum into the ear. As seen in H0. 5, the bumper 36 is mounted on a slide 37 that is free to move along the length of the handle in a T-slot or the like. A dctent spring 38 retains the slide in its selected vertical position along the length of the handle. The bumper 36 is mounted on a short shaft 3) titted into a sleeve il on the slide. A spring 42 biases the bumper away from the handle. This gives some resilience to the bumper which may also be covered with foam rubber, if desired.

FIGS. and t3 illustrate in transverse cross-section and end view, respectively, an improved ear speculum for mounting on the liNl instrument. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the improved speculum is mounted on the ENT instrument and inserted into the canal of an ear. The

improved ear speculum has a flaring generally coneshaped exterior similar to a conventional ear speculum. A curved female socket &4 permits the speculum to be mounted on the ENT instrument in the same manner as the previously described speculum 33. A plane transparent window 46 is provided at the small end of the speculum so that it is closed.

When the speculum is inserted into an ear canal. the

interior of the canal is isolated since the exterior of the speculum generally fits tightly enough into the ear canal to effectively close it. An upper channel or duct 47 generally opposite from the socket '44 is open in both the larger and smaller ends of the speculum. A lower channel or duct 48 is adjacent the socket i4 and also provides fluid communication with the region beyond the small end of the speculum. The upper channel 47 is used for addition of fluid into the ear canal for cleansing or medication. Any convenient syringe may be used for putting fluid into the upper channel 47. The lower channel 48 permits the fluid to be drained from the ear and the window 46 prevents the fluid from entering the viewing portion of the speculum.

A collection vial 49 as illustrated'in FIG. 7 may be mounted on the handle by a spring clip 51. An L- shaped receiving funnel 52 guides fluid from the. lower passage 48 in the speculum into the vial so as to maintain cleanliness'of the examininginstrument. lfdesired. as illustrated in FlG. 11, a collection vial 49' may be mounted on a slide 37 for moving along the handle like the slide 37 for the bumper illustrated in FIG. 5.

FIG. 8 illustrates the ENT instrument in side view with a tongue depressor mounted on the tang. The tongue depressor is a flattened blade of transparent plastic having a size and shape generally similar to a conventional wooden tongue depressor. The tongue depressor has a tapered socket 66 that fits onto the tang 27 of the ENT instrument. Light from the fiber optics within the tang is therefore transmitted along the length of the tongue depressor for illuminating the interior of the month. if desired, the upper surface of the tongue depressor can be'slightly roughened or provided with transverse ridges for providing diffuse illumination throughout the mouth.

FIGS. 9 and 10 illustrate an attachement to the ENT instrument of particular utility for viewing deep into a persons throat. This attachment 76 converts the instrument into a laryngoscope. The laryngoscope attachment comprises an elongated member having a socket 77 at one end thereof for mounting on the tang 27 of the ENT instrument. It is generally found desirable to extend the socket 77 in the form of an elongated passage 78 open at its opposite end for optimum light transmission. A mirror 79 is mounted on the end of the attachment 7t) opposite the end of the passage 78. The mirror 79 is set at an angle to the length so that light from the fiber optics within the tang is projected through the passage 78 and reflected at an angle so that it may, for example, illuminate the larynx.

As mentioned above, one problem with a laryngoscope is that the end may engage the soft palate or other portion of the rear of the throat and cause a gagging reaction. A topical anaesthetic is often administered to this region for suppressing the gag reaction. The attachment provided herein is also provided with a small passage til extending along its length. The passage communicates with a chamber til-behind the mirror '79. A plurality of tine orifices on the angled face of the laryngoscope communicate with the chamber 82. Anaesthetic in the form of an aerosol mist or the like is passed through the passage 81 along the length of the attache rnnt and emerges from the orifices 83 so as to spray against those portions of the throat against which the attachment may engage. This provides localized anaesthesia to these areas and suppresses the gag reaction. A minimum quantity of anaesthetic is thus applied only to the areas when it is needed. The physician then simply views along the length ofthe attachment Such areas are, of Course, illuminated by the light from the fiber optics in the tang which is also reflected from the mirror '79.

entire ENT instrument may be turned upside down and the nasopharynx and eustachian tubes may be examined.

Although limited embodiments and attachments for an ENT instrument have been described and illustrated herein, many modifications and'variations will be apparent to one skilled in the art. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than cifically described.

' What is claimed is:

1. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising:

an elongated handle;

a non-round speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a socket of a transparent speculum;

a remote light source; and

a fiber optic bundle extending from the light source into the handle and terminating adjacent the end of the tang.

2. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 1 further comprising:

a resilient bumper; and

means for mounting the resilient bumper on the same side of the handle as the tang and for slidably adjusting the position of the bumper along the length of the handle.

3. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim I further comprising:

a magnifying lens; and

means for mounting the lens on the handle for adjustfor examining those areas reflected in the mirror 79.

it will also be noted that after viewing the larynx, the

as spement between an elevated position opposite the tang and a retracted position more remote f rom. the tang. 4. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instru' 5 ment comprising: i

' an elongated handle;

a light conducting non-round, male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum; and

means for projecting light through the end, of the -tang.

S. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising:

an elongated handle;

a non-round male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum;

means for projecting light from the end of the tang;

a resilient bumper; and means for mounting the resilient bumper on the same side of the handle as the tang and for slidably adjusting the position of the bumper along the length of the handle.

6. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 4 wherein the angle between the handle and tang is about 105 to 120.

7. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 4 wherein the tang has a self-holding taper.

8. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising:

an elongated handle;

a non-round male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum;

means for projecting light from the end of the tang;

Claims (8)

1. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising: an elongated handle; a non-round speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a socket of a transparent speculum; a remote light source; and a fiber optic bundle extending from the light source into the handle and terminating adjacent the end of the tang.
2. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 1 further comprising: a resilient bumper; and means for mounting the resilient bumper on the same side of the handle as the tang and for slidably adjusting the position of the bumper along the length of the handle.
3. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 1 further comprising: a magnifying lens; and means for mounting the lens on the handle for adjustment between an elevated position opposite the tang and a retracted position more remote from the tang.
4. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising: an elongated handle; a light conducting non-round, male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum; and means for projecting light through the end of the tang.
5. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising: an elongated handle; a non-round male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum; means for projecting light from the end of the tang; a resilient bumper; and means for mounting the resilient bumper on the same side of the handle as the tang and for slidably adjusting the position of the bumper along the length of the handle.
6. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 4 wherein the angle between the handle and tang is about 105* to 120*.
7. An ENT examining instrument as defined in claim 4 wherein the tang has a self-holding taper.
8. An ear, nose or throat (ENT) examining instrument comprising: an elongated handle; a non-round male speculum support tang at one end of the handle extending at an angle to the length thereof for engaging a female socket of a transparent speculum; means for projecting light from the end of the tang; a magnifying lens; and mean for mounting the lens on the handle for adjustment between an elevated position opposite the tang and a retracted position more remote from the tang.
US30852872 1972-11-21 1972-11-21 Ear, nose and throat examining instrument Expired - Lifetime US3848587A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US4006738A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-02-08 Welch Allyn, Inc. Otoscope construction
US4233493A (en) * 1974-05-21 1980-11-11 Nath Guenther Apparatus for applying intense light radiation to a limited area
WO1988008686A2 (en) * 1987-05-05 1988-11-17 Michel Alglave Intrabuccal examination spacer with lighting and transparent sleeve
EP0506848A1 (en) * 1989-12-21 1992-10-07 Advanced Medical Devices Inc Vaginal speculum.
US5429120A (en) * 1993-08-23 1995-07-04 Lewitus; Ricardo Sub-surface visualization device
US5603688A (en) * 1995-04-24 1997-02-18 Upsher Laryngoscope Corporation Laryngoscope including an upwardly curved blade having a downwardly directed tip portion
USD406339S (en) * 1998-04-07 1999-03-02 Nelson Stacks Otoscope
US6059723A (en) * 1997-01-15 2000-05-09 Davis; James M. Fiberoptically illuminated tongue depressor
WO2000051487A1 (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-08 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Otoscope for examination and treatment of the ear
US6176824B1 (en) 1996-10-29 2001-01-23 James M. Davis Fiberoptically illuminated appliances
US6390975B1 (en) 1998-07-16 2002-05-21 Walls Precision Instruments, Llc Apparatus and methods for performing otoscopic procedures
US6520909B1 (en) * 2000-05-16 2003-02-18 Robert C. Rankins Adjustable tongue blade holder for endoscope
US20050143626A1 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-06-30 Prescott James T. Fiberoptic otoscope system
US20090198102A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-08-06 Tien-Sheng Chen Rectum Examination Device And Rectum Examination Set
WO2011153260A1 (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-12-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University System for illuminating a body orifice
US20130023914A1 (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-24 Clearear, Inc. System for accessing body orifice and method
US20140171743A1 (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-19 Heine Optotechnik Gmbh & Co Kg Otoscope with ejectable ear speculum
US20140316206A1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2014-10-23 Nilesh R. Vasan Disposable, self-contained laryngoscope and method of using same
WO2016053733A1 (en) * 2014-10-03 2016-04-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Surgical instrument and method of use thereof
US20160345803A1 (en) * 2014-01-31 2016-12-01 University Of Louisville Research Foundation, Inc. Laryngoscope with integrated and controllable suction
US20160367404A1 (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-22 Richard Shomo Otic Extraction Assembly
USD779665S1 (en) * 2015-03-12 2017-02-21 William Miguel Hasbun Speculum
WO2018049480A1 (en) * 2016-09-16 2018-03-22 Throat Scope Pty Ltd An otoscope
USD876625S1 (en) 2018-08-07 2020-02-25 Adroit Surgical, Llc Laryngoscope
US10617291B2 (en) 2015-08-05 2020-04-14 Inscope Medical Solutions, Inc. Medical device with an airway insertion member
EP3711653A1 (en) * 2019-03-18 2020-09-23 Welch Allyn, INC. Speculum tip element and method for optimizing light efficiency/emission of a speculum tip element

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US2885537A (en) * 1955-05-26 1959-05-05 Jr Elwood S Wood Illuminated surgical and dental instruments
US3038466A (en) * 1958-04-28 1962-06-12 Welch Allyn Inc Orificial instrument construction
US3224437A (en) * 1962-04-04 1965-12-21 Universal Products Corp Flexible ear speculum
US3739769A (en) * 1970-10-23 1973-06-19 Mallory & Co Inc P R Power handle

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4233493A (en) * 1974-05-21 1980-11-11 Nath Guenther Apparatus for applying intense light radiation to a limited area
US4006738A (en) * 1975-06-04 1977-02-08 Welch Allyn, Inc. Otoscope construction
WO1988008686A2 (en) * 1987-05-05 1988-11-17 Michel Alglave Intrabuccal examination spacer with lighting and transparent sleeve
FR2630634A1 (en) * 1988-04-29 1989-11-03 Alglave Michel Intra-oral exam spacer with built-in lighting and flexible transparent sleeve for single use
WO1988008686A3 (en) * 1988-04-29 1988-12-15 Michel Alglave Intrabuccal examination spacer with lighting and transparent sleeve
EP0506848A4 (en) * 1989-12-21 1992-11-19 Advanced Medical Devices, Incorporated Vaginal speculum
EP0506848A1 (en) * 1989-12-21 1992-10-07 Advanced Medical Devices Inc Vaginal speculum.
US5429120A (en) * 1993-08-23 1995-07-04 Lewitus; Ricardo Sub-surface visualization device
US5603688A (en) * 1995-04-24 1997-02-18 Upsher Laryngoscope Corporation Laryngoscope including an upwardly curved blade having a downwardly directed tip portion
US6176824B1 (en) 1996-10-29 2001-01-23 James M. Davis Fiberoptically illuminated appliances
US6059723A (en) * 1997-01-15 2000-05-09 Davis; James M. Fiberoptically illuminated tongue depressor
USD406339S (en) * 1998-04-07 1999-03-02 Nelson Stacks Otoscope
US6390975B1 (en) 1998-07-16 2002-05-21 Walls Precision Instruments, Llc Apparatus and methods for performing otoscopic procedures
US6152873A (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-11-28 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Otoscope for examination and treatment of the ear
WO2000051487A1 (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-08 Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Otoscope for examination and treatment of the ear
US6520909B1 (en) * 2000-05-16 2003-02-18 Robert C. Rankins Adjustable tongue blade holder for endoscope
US20050143626A1 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-06-30 Prescott James T. Fiberoptic otoscope system
US7901351B2 (en) 2003-12-24 2011-03-08 Medical Innovations, Llc Fiberoptic otoscope system
US20090198102A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-08-06 Tien-Sheng Chen Rectum Examination Device And Rectum Examination Set
JP2013531518A (en) * 2010-06-01 2013-08-08 ザ ボード オブ トラスティーズ オブ ザ リーランド スタンフォード ジュニア ユニバーシティーThe Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University System for irradiating a body opening
US8840546B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2014-09-23 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University System for accessing a body orifice
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