US3848304A - Variable curvature beam - Google Patents

Variable curvature beam Download PDF

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Publication number
US3848304A
US3848304A US33021273A US3848304A US 3848304 A US3848304 A US 3848304A US 33021273 A US33021273 A US 33021273A US 3848304 A US3848304 A US 3848304A
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Prior art keywords
axle
compression means
slot
compression
accordance
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Expired - Lifetime
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R Lucas
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Beloit Corp
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Beloit Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • B65H23/022Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices
    • B65H23/025Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices by rollers
    • B65H23/0258Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely by tentering devices by rollers with a bowed axis
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21GCALENDERS; ACCESSORIES FOR PAPER-MAKING MACHINES
    • D21G1/00Calenders; Smoothing apparatus
    • D21G1/02Rolls; Their bearings
    • D21G1/0206Controlled deflection rolls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C13/00Rolls, drums, discs, or the like; Bearings or mountings therefor
    • F16C13/003Bowed or curved rolls

Abstract

A variable curvature roll having a roll body formed of a plurality of independently rotatable uniform diameter rings rotatably mounted on a resiliently flexible structural axle extending through said rings with the axle having a slot along one side and compression means such as separate pins extending axially along in the slot with pressure members on the ends of the axle pressing the end of the row of pins to transmit a force from the pins to the ends of the axle to bow the structure.

Description

United States Patent I 1191 Lucas I Nov. 19, 1974 VARIABLE CURVATURE BEAM 3,500,524 3/1970 Jagminas 29/1 l6 R [75] Inventor: Robert F. Lucas, Janesville, Wis. Primary Examiner Alfi ed R Guest [73] Assignee: Beloit Corporation, Beloit, Wis. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hill, Gross, Simpson, Van [22] Filed: Feb. 7 1973 Santen, Steadman, Chiara & Simpson [21] Appl.- No.: 330,212 [57] ABSTRACT A variable curvature roll having a roll body formed of 52 us. 01. .1 29/116 AD e plurality of independently rotatable nnifenn diame- 51 Int. Cl B21b 13/02 rings retetebly Inennted en a resiliently flexible 5 Field of Search H 29/116 AD, 11 R; 2 3 structural axle extending through said rings with the axle having a slot along one side and compression [56] References Cited means such as separate pins extending axially along in UNITED STATES PATENTS the slot with pressure members on the ends of the axle pressing the end of the row of pins to transmit a force 32:2 :2 16 from the pins to the ends of the axle to how the struc 310941771 6/1963 sgpens nw z uimp; 3,099,072 7/1963 Robertson et al 29/1 16 AD 7 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures 1 VARIABLE CURVATURE BEAM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to improvements in rolls having longitudinal curvature which can be controllably varied in accordance with requirements of the mechanism in which the roll is used.

More particularly, the invention relates to a variable curvature roll of the type that may be used in a paper making machine or paper handling machine wherein the roll supports a continuously travelling web of sheet material or wire or felt or a similar web. While the features of the invention are particularly useful in the environment of a paper making or paper handling machine, it will be appreciated that they may be used in other environments. Longitudinally curved rolls of this general type are employed in various arts for laterally expanding flexible sheet materials or webs of cloth, paper, plastic films, foils, wire screening and the like to remove wrinkles and insure that a sheet or web leaving the curved roll will approximate a predetermined width and be void of wrinkles. Also, longitudinally curved rolls may be used for contracting such sheets or webs or for correcting the bow or weft or filler elements of woven webs. For this type of roll it is important that the curvature be adjustable to attain the desired effect on the web. It is also important that with the change in curvature the radius remain constant along the length of the roll and not varied so that different effects occur at different locations across the web width.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a longitudinally curved roll wherein the curvature can be varied by a compression element which extends axially along the length of the roll and where the compression element does not contribute to the section modulus of the roll.

Another object of theinvention is to provide an improved variable curvature roll which has an axle or beam extending through the center that can be bent along its length to a uniform radius of curvature by the application of a compression force thereto and the means which applies the compression force extends parallel to the axle and is located a constant distance from the axle center at all axial locations. Other objects, advantages and features will become more apparent, as will equivalentstructures which are intended to be covered hereby, with the teaching of the principles of the invention in connection with the disclosure of the preferred embodiments in the specification, claims, and drawings in which:

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an elevational view of a variable curvature roll constructed and operating in accordance with the principles of the present invention with portions shown in section;

FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along line II-II of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of the roll of FIG. 1 showing a modified form.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT upwardly in the direction of the arrow 15 a controlled amount. As an example ofcurvature used in a paper machine, the roll may be bowed to have a radius in the range of 10,000 to 40,000 inch radius of curvature.

At the ends of the roll it is mounted on frame pieces 10 and 11. On the frame pieces are mounted spherical journals 14 to carry the roll ends and permit bending without introducing a restraining force. The roll is free to change in curvature and the journals are so mounted so that as the length of the roll changes slightly with change in curvature, the journals permit free axial movement 'of the ends.

Extending through the center of the roll is a flexible non-rotatable beam or axle 16. The axle has spherical bearings 12 and 13 at its ends supported in the journals l4.

Along the upper or working side of the axle an elongated continuous axially extending slot 18 is milled. Po-

sitioned in this slot is a compression means shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 in the form of a plurality of free pusher pins. The pins are positioned in end-to-end engagement and are short in length so that as the axle bends their effective center line 19a remains a constant distance at all locations from the center line 16a of the axle.

Because of the slot 18 being cut in the axle, its center of gravity is shifted as shown at 16b.

Surrounding the axle is a roll body shown in the form of a plurality of separate axially adjacent rings freely rotatable on the axle which has a cylindrical outer surface. The rings are of uniform diameter and present a continuous smooth surface to the web carried thereon. The rings are suitably lubricated and will rotate due to surface contact of the web which normally would be partially wrapped over an arc of the rings.

For bending the axle and roll over a uniform curvature, a bending force is applied to the ends of the axle by placing the compression pins 19 under compression and transmitting this compression to the axle. For this purpose the pins at one end engage a shoulder 22 on the axle and at the other end an actuating bolt 21 is threaded into an opening 20 in the axle with the bolt engaging the endmost pin 19b. The rotational adjustment of the bolt 21 will vary the compression on the pins 19 and hence the curvature of the axle 16. The effective moment arm against which the force of the bolt 21 acts is the radial distance between the center of gravity 16b of the axle and the center 19a of the pins 19. The pins will be held freely in the slot 18 by the rings and are fitted in the slots sufficiently loosely so that they do not introduce any bending stress as the axle is bent and therefore do not change the section modulus of the axle. Similarly, the rings I7 are sufficiently loose so that they do not bind or affect the section modulus of the axle. The pins, as the axle is bent, remain a constant distance from the center line of the axle at all positions along the length thereof so that the effective change in axial compression along the pins is the same at any curvature of the beam and does not change with the amount of curvature. In devices heretofore used, such as constructions embodying tension rods and other arrangements, the distance between the rod and the center of the roll was changed and/or the rod introduced a radial force by engagement with the surface of the roll or central axle.

The pins of the arrangement of FIGS. 1 and 2 may have radially square ends but preferably are rounded at their ends so that the tips of the rounded ends are in engagement with each other and with this arrangement either spherical pins or pins of rectangular or other shape of cross section may-be used.

FIG. 3 illustrates an alternate form of compression means in the form of a plurality of spherical balls. These may be provided by filling the slot with a commercially available ball bearings of uniform size. In the arrangement of FIG. 3 the balls are relatively freely positioned in the slot so as not to introduce radial or axial restrictive forces for various amounts of bowing in the axlw.

As above stated, with the arrangements illustrated the compression means does not contribute to the section modulus of the beam and the compression force is parallel to the beam axis at all points along the curve. In other words, the compression member is within the silhouette of the beam section modulus.

The roll rings serve dual functions of providing the continuous cylindrical outer surface of the roll and their inner surfaces provide a bearing surface for mounting the rings and retainers for holding the compression members in the slot. The rings do not contribute to the section modulus of the beam and are not needed to attain the beam curvature effects. Their design can be optimized for the purposes required and it is not necessary to compromise their design to obtain the bending effect necessary.

I claim as my invention:

1. An adjustable curvature roll structure comprising in combination:

a roll body having sufficient flexibility over its length to be bowed about its axis;

a resiliently flexible structural axle upon which said body is rotatably mounted with said axle adapted to be supportably mounted at its end; and

a compression means extending axially along the axle offset from the axis thereof connected to the axle at each end, said compression means having sufficient flexibility so that it provides no increase in section modulus to the axle and being in the form of a plurality of short separated units in axial compression contact with each other. 2. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1:

in which said body is in the form of separate independently rotatable rings rotatably supported on the axle. 3. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1:

in which said axle has a continuous axially extending slot along one side with said compression means located in the slot. 4. An adjustable curvature roll structure. constructed in accordance with claim 3: j

in which said compression means is in the form of a plurality of spherical balls positioned in said slot and in compression engagement with adjacent balls. 5. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 3:

wherein said compression means is in the form of a series of axially aligned pins positioned in said slot and in end-to-end compression relationship with adjacent ends. 6. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1:

in which said compression means is engaged by a threaded members mounted on the end of the axle for transmitting the force of the compression means to the axle.

7. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1:

in which said roll body is in the form of a plurality of uniform diameter axially adjacent independently rotatable rings and wherein said axle has a slot along one side with the compression means located within the slot and said rings retain the compression means within said slot.

w s UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent 3,848,304 Dated November 19, 1974 Inventor(s) Robert G Lucas It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Please correct the heading of the above-identified patent by changing the middle initial of the inventor from "F." to -G. so that line 75 reads as follows:

- [75] Inventor: Robert G. Lucas, Janesville, Wis.

Signed and sealed this 17th day of June 1975.

(SEAL) Attest:

C. MARSHALL DANN RUTH C. MASON Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer and Trademarks

Claims (7)

1. An adjustable curvature roll structure comprising in combination: a roll body having sufficient flexibility over its length to be bowed about its axis; a resiliently flexible structural axle upon which said body is rotatably mounted with said axle adapted to be supportably mounted at its end; and a compression means extending axially along the axle offset from the axis thereof connected to the axle at each end, said compression means having sufficient flexibility so that it provides no increase in section modulus to the axle and being in the form of a plurality of short separated units in axial compression contact with each other.
2. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1: in which saId body is in the form of separate independently rotatable rings rotatably supported on the axle.
3. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1: in which said axle has a continuous axially extending slot along one side with said compression means located in the slot.
4. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 3: in which said compression means is in the form of a plurality of spherical balls positioned in said slot and in compression engagement with adjacent balls.
5. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 3: wherein saId compression means is in the form of a series of axially aligned pins positioned in said slot and in end-to-end compression relationship with adjacent ends.
6. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1: in which said compression means is engaged by a threaded members mounted on the end of the axle for transmitting the force of the compression means to the axle.
7. An adjustable curvature roll structure constructed in accordance with claim 1: in which said roll body is in the form of a plurality of uniform diameter axially adjacent independently rotatable rings and wherein said axle has a slot along one side with the compression means located within the slot and said rings retain the compression means within said slot.
US33021273 1973-02-07 1973-02-07 Variable curvature beam Expired - Lifetime US3848304A (en)

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US33021273 US3848304A (en) 1973-02-07 1973-02-07 Variable curvature beam
CA189,854A CA1000481A (en) 1973-02-07 1974-01-10 Variable curvature beam

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0024979A1 (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-11 Saint Gobain Vitrage International Method and apparatus for supporting, orienting and transporting glass plates in a machine for bending and/or tempering
US4410122A (en) * 1981-06-01 1983-10-18 Beloit Corporation Device for widthwise control of web material and method
FR2549456A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-25 Waertsilae Oy Ab Spreading device for transverse displacement of a sheet by means of a mechanism spreading adjustable curvature
EP0527291A1 (en) * 1991-08-10 1993-02-17 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Roll member for guiding and stretching strips and/or foil webs
US5471859A (en) * 1992-07-20 1995-12-05 T. Sendzimir, Inc. Cluster mill crown adjustment system
US5481895A (en) * 1992-07-20 1996-01-09 T. Sendzimir, Inc. Second intermediate idler roll for use in a 20-high cluster mill
US6390962B1 (en) * 1999-02-24 2002-05-21 Texparts Gmbh Roller for belt stretching mechanism
US6471625B1 (en) * 1998-11-23 2002-10-29 Talleras Iruna, S.A. Damping system for corrugated cardboard fabrication rollers
US6482141B1 (en) 2001-07-25 2002-11-19 Spencer Johnston Company Flexible end supporting arrangement for direct drive adjustable spreader rolls
US6843762B2 (en) 2000-12-18 2005-01-18 Spencer Johnston Company Spreader roll

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2898662A (en) * 1957-05-17 1959-08-11 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Expanding and contracting rolls
US2952889A (en) * 1956-06-30 1960-09-20 Hanssen Pierre Expander and contractor roll
US3094771A (en) * 1961-06-13 1963-06-25 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Table roll with means for removing longitudinal curvature
US3099072A (en) * 1961-06-13 1963-07-30 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Table roll with means for removing longitudinal curvature
US3500524A (en) * 1968-03-29 1970-03-17 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Adjustable-deflection roll

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2952889A (en) * 1956-06-30 1960-09-20 Hanssen Pierre Expander and contractor roll
US2898662A (en) * 1957-05-17 1959-08-11 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Expanding and contracting rolls
US3094771A (en) * 1961-06-13 1963-06-25 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Table roll with means for removing longitudinal curvature
US3099072A (en) * 1961-06-13 1963-07-30 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Table roll with means for removing longitudinal curvature
US3500524A (en) * 1968-03-29 1970-03-17 Mount Hope Machinery Ltd Adjustable-deflection roll

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0024979A1 (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-11 Saint Gobain Vitrage International Method and apparatus for supporting, orienting and transporting glass plates in a machine for bending and/or tempering
US4410122A (en) * 1981-06-01 1983-10-18 Beloit Corporation Device for widthwise control of web material and method
FR2549456A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-25 Waertsilae Oy Ab Spreading device for transverse displacement of a sheet by means of a mechanism spreading adjustable curvature
DE3426899A1 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-01-31 Waertsilae Oy Ab Device for cross-drawing a running train
US4669646A (en) * 1983-07-22 1987-06-02 Oy Wartsila Ab Arrangement for web spreading
EP0527291A1 (en) * 1991-08-10 1993-02-17 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Roll member for guiding and stretching strips and/or foil webs
US5273197A (en) * 1991-08-10 1993-12-28 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Roller for guiding and stretching bands and film webs
US5471859A (en) * 1992-07-20 1995-12-05 T. Sendzimir, Inc. Cluster mill crown adjustment system
US5481895A (en) * 1992-07-20 1996-01-09 T. Sendzimir, Inc. Second intermediate idler roll for use in a 20-high cluster mill
US6471625B1 (en) * 1998-11-23 2002-10-29 Talleras Iruna, S.A. Damping system for corrugated cardboard fabrication rollers
US6390962B1 (en) * 1999-02-24 2002-05-21 Texparts Gmbh Roller for belt stretching mechanism
US6843762B2 (en) 2000-12-18 2005-01-18 Spencer Johnston Company Spreader roll
US6482141B1 (en) 2001-07-25 2002-11-19 Spencer Johnston Company Flexible end supporting arrangement for direct drive adjustable spreader rolls

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CA1000481A1 (en)

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