US3845653A - Double stage necking - Google Patents

Double stage necking Download PDF

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Publication number
US3845653A
US3845653A US32122473A US3845653A US 3845653 A US3845653 A US 3845653A US 32122473 A US32122473 A US 32122473A US 3845653 A US3845653 A US 3845653A
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Prior art keywords
necking
necked
die
diameter
bodies
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Expired - Lifetime
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J Hilgenbrink
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Continental Can Company Inc
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Continental Can Company Inc
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Priority to US12668171A priority Critical
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Priority to US32122473 priority patent/US3845653A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/26Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects cans or tins; Closing same in a permanent manner
    • B21D51/2615Edge treatment of cans or tins
    • B21D51/2638Necking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/26Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects cans or tins; Closing same in a permanent manner
    • B21D51/2615Edge treatment of cans or tins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/42Details of metal walls

Abstract

This disclosure relates to the necking-in of can bodies for the purpose of applying smaller diameter or special ends thereon. Previously experienced extreme difficulties in properly neckingin can bodies have been eliminated by first necking-in a larger than normal end portion of a can body to an intermediate diameter and then utilizing tooling for performing the desired necking in operation to further neck-in the extreme end portion only of the previously necked-in longer end portion.

Description

United States Patent 1191 '11 11 3,845,653 Hilgenbrink 1 1 N0v.5, 1974 DOUBLE STAGE NECKING FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS lnvemori John Hilgenbrink, Oak Lawn, 1.0s0 1 1904 Great Britain 72 3411 73 Assignee: Continental Can p y Inc, 168,713 3/1906 Germany l l3/l'l() H New York, NY. P R h d b rimary Examinerie at J. Her st [22] Flled' 1973 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Dillcr, Brown, Ramik & 211 App]. No.: 321,224 Wight Related US. Application Data [62] Division of Ser. No. 126,681, March 22, 1971, Pat. [57] ABSTRACT This disclosure relates to the necking-in of can bodies for the purpose of applying smaller diameter or special [52] [1.5. CI. 72/354 ends thereon, Previously experienced extreme difficul- [51] Int. Cl B2ld 19/02 tie in properly ne king-in can bodies have been elimil Fleld of Search l l 120 120 nated by first necking-in a larger than normal end por- 356 tion of a can body to an intermediate diameter and then utilizing tooling for performing the desired neck- References Cited ing in operation to further neck-in the extreme end UNITED STATES PATENTS portion only of the previously necked-in longer end 2,755,839 7/1956 Garrock et al 113/120 AA 3,572,08O 3/1971 Alexoff et a1. 72/354 3,690,279 9 1972 Thompson et 11, 113/120 AA 1 Clam" 4 Drawmg F'gures PATENTEDNBV slam 18453553 IFIG .l

I DOUBLE STAGE NECKING This application is a divisional of Ser. No. 126,681 filed Mar. 22, 1971 now US. Pat. No. 3,786,957, issued .Ian. 22, I974.

This invention relates in general to new and useful improvements in the manufacture of containers and more particularly to the necking in of end portions of can bodies for either the reception of smaller than usual ends or special ends.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION metal.

It has been found that utilizing conventional necking dies, when extreme end of a tubular member, such as a can body, engages the sloping surface of the die, wrinkling immediately occurs. These wrinkles, when the necked-in end portion of the can body is later outwardly flanged or curled as part of a double seaming operation, are normally stretched, but minute cracks may occur either during the flanging operation or during the double seaming operation.

It is also been found that when the can body side seam construction is such that it must be coated with a side stripe, during the necking operation, the applied side stripe has a tendency to peel, particularly on the inner surface of the can body, with the result that the can body, after being necked-in, has an improper coatmg.

While diligent efforts have been made, and with a large degree of success, to commercially neck-in can bodies so that after the closures have been applied thereto the double seam between the can body and the closure will be disposed within the axial projection of the main portion of the can body, extreme difficulties have been experienced in further necking-in can bodies for the reception of even smaller closures, particularly closures of the aerosol type.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the solution of the problem, dies for necking-in the end portions of can bodies to the desired reduced diameter were first constructed in accordance with prior commercially successful dies for the necking-in of like can bodies to a slightly larger diameter. However, these dies met with immediate failure. These failures were in in the can bodies to a larger than desired diameter on the order of or slightly greater than one-half the total desired reduction, and necking-in the end portion to a greater length, these necked-in can bodies could then be worked upon by the previously formed dies with a portion only of the peviously necked-in end portion being successfully necked-in to the desired smaller diameter.

The net result of the double necking-in operation is one which met with commercial success and wherein the end portion of the can body which was necked-in had an intermediate portion of an intermediate diameter and there being two shouldersformed in the end portion. These shoulders, however, added to the decorative appearance of the can body.

With the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claims and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

IN THE DRAWINGS:

FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view showing a can body having a previously necked-in end portion about to be further necked-in in accordance with this inventron.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view showing the can body entered into the die.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view similar to FIG. 2 and shows the die and the can body fully telescoped with the necking operation completed and the can body and die ready to be separated.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to FIG. 3 and shows a modified form of die.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will be seen that there is illustrated in FIG. 1 a can body which is generally identified by the numeral 5. While the can body 5 is illustrated as being open at both ends, it is to be understood that as far as this invention is concerned, the can body may be of a drawn construction or may be provided with a side seam. It is envisioned that the can body 5 may possibly be of the ,type having a welded side seam or of a soldered side seam of the interrupted lock and lap type with an elongated lap, and wherein the side seam has been provided with an internal and external striping so that the coating of the can body, both externally and internally, is complete.

When the can body is to be utilized in the formation of an aerosol can, one end thereof will be more greatly reduced in diameter than normal. This is the primary usage of the can body of this invention. It is to be understood, however, that the can body may have both ends thereof necked-in, and the necking-in at the opposite ends of the can body may be identical or may be to different degrees. This invention has to do solely with the necking-in of at least one end of a can body to an extent greater than that which is normally commercially acceptable.

In accordance with this invention, an end portion 6, at least at one end of the can body 5, is necked-in to be of a reduced diameter. This necking-in is preferably the same as that which is commercially proven for the particular diameter of can body 5, but may be of a different reduction.

The end portion 6 is'separated from the remainder of the normal diameter portion 7 of the can body by a shoulder 8. The end portion 6 is also of a greater than normal length inasmuch as normally the length of the necked-in end portion is only sufficient to effect the necessary double seaming operation.

In order to effect the further necking-in of the end portion 6, there is provided a necking die assembly which is generally identified by the numeral 10. The die assembly 10 includes an outer die ring 11 and a centrally located die plug 12. If the can body is the type having a side seam which is thicker than the sheet material from which the can body is formed, the die plug 12 will be mounted for floating movement with respect to the die ring 11 with there being clearance between a base portion 13 of the die plug 12 and a corresponding wall 14 of the die ring 11.

It is to be noted that the die ring 11, at the free end thereof, is provided with a tapered entrance portion 15, which leads into a cylindrical wall portion 16 which conforms generally to the external diameter of the intermediate portion 7 of the can body so as to function as a guide for the same during the second necking-in operation. The die ring 11 further includes a tapered necking-in portion 17 which leads into the cylindrical portion 14.

It will be seen that when there is relative axial movement between the can body 5 and the necking die assembly 10, as is best shown in F IG. 3, the leading portion of the reduced diameter portion 6 of the partially necked-in can body 5, upon engagement with the tapered die portion 17, will be deflected inwardly into engagement with the die plug 12 and a second necking-in operation will be performed on the can body 5. As a result, the can body 5, in addition to being provided with the shoulder 8 will have an intermediate portion, which is formed by that part of the necked-in portion 6 which has not been further acted upon, a second shoulder 18 and a terminal portion 20 of the desired necked-in diameter. It will be understood that the terminal portion 20 will be of a sufficient length to receive the desired end (not shown).

In order that there may be set forth here a practical example of the invention, a typical example of the can body 5 is one having a nominal diameter of 2 ll/l6 inches. In order that the can body 5 may have secured to one end thereofa special end closure, such as an aerosol end, it is necessary that the diameter of the can body be reduced in the end portion thereof to 2 and 7.5/16 inches. After such experimentation it has been found possible to commercially neck-in can bodies having a diameter of 2 and 1 H16 inches to have a diameter of 2 and 9/16 inches. Since it is known that this necking-in can be commercially accomplished, it was decided, in accordance with this invention, to in a like manner neck-in the end of the can body 5, but to a much greater extent than that which is necessary for the receipt of an end closure. This is the can body shown in FIG. 1. Thereafter, the necked-in can body 5 was subjected to the necking die assembly in the manner described above so as to reduce the end portion thereofto the required diameter of2 and 7.5/16 inches. The axial extent of the end portion 20 is much shorter than the axial extent of the intermediate portion 6 and is of only such length as is required to effect the necessary application of the end closure for which the can body is intended.

With particular reference to FIG. 4, it will be seen that there is illustrated a modified form of necking-in die which is generally identified by the numeral 21. The die 21 is specifically configurated to produce the same necking-in operation as does the die 10 but provides more support for the previously necked-in end portion during the necking-in of the extreme end portion to the desired degree.

The die assembly 21 includes an outer die ring 22 which corresponds to the outer die ring 11, but it is of a modified construction. The die assembly 21 also utilizes a die plug which is identical with the die plug 12 and will be so identified.

With reference to FIG. 3, it will be seen that the end portion 6 is substantially unsupported between the cylindrical wall portion 16 and the tapered necking-in portion 17. As a result, during the second necking-in operation, the end portion may be unduly distorted in this unsupported area. For this reason, the die ring 22 has been provided.

The die ring 22, like the die ring 11, is provided at the free end thereof with a tapered entrance portion 23 which leads into a cylindrical wall portion 24. The die ring 22 also includes a tapered necking-in portion 25 which leads into a cylindrical portion 26 which cooperates with the die plug 12. It is also to be noted that there will be the same clearance between the base portion 13 of the die plug 12 and the cylindrical wall 26 so that limited shifting of the die plug 12 relative to the die ring 22 may occur when the can body being necked-in is provided with a side seam of a thickness greater than the nominal thickness of the metal from which the can body is formed.

It is to be noted that the die ring 22 differs from the die ring 11 in that intermediate the cylindrical wall portion 24 and the tapered necking-in portion 25 there is provided a tapered guide wall portion 27 and a cylindrical wall portion 28. The cylindrical wall portion 28 has a diameter generally corresponding to the external diameter of the reduced diameter portion 6 of the can body 5.

lt will be readily apparent from FIG. 4 that when the can body 5 enters into the die ring 22, the can body will be guided by both the tapered entrance portion 23 and the tapered wall portion 27 to a centered relationship and will be supported by both the cylindrical wall portion 24 and the cylindrical wall portion 28 during the necking-in operation performed by the die assembly It will also be apparent that the die assembly 21 wild function to neck-in the already necked-in end portion 6 of the can body 5 to form thereon a second shoulder 18 and a terminal portion 20 of the desired necked-in diameter.

Although only a preferred embodiment of the invention has been specifically illustrated and described herein, it is to be understood that minor variations may be made in the necking-in operation without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A method of necking-in thin wall can bodies to a degree heretofore impossible comprising the steps of necking-in an elongated end portion of a can body to a degree materially less than the desired degree of necking-in and then in a separate operation utilizing only an external die and a plug die further necking-in said previously necked-in portion to the desired degree, said further necking-in step being performed on a free end portion only of said necked-in elongated end portion said necked-in end portion includes an elongated cylindrical part, and said can body is supported adjacent said necked-in end portion during the further necking-in step and said necked-in end portion cylindrical part is separately supported during said further necking-in step adjacent that part of said necked-in portion being further necked-in.

Claims (1)

1. A method of necking-in thin wall can bodies to a degree heretofore impossible comprising the steps of necking-in an elongated end portion of a can body to a degree materially less than the desired degree of necking-in and then in a separate operation utilizing only an external die and a plug die further necking-in said previously necked-in portion to the desired degree, said further necking-in step being performed on a free end portion only of said necked-in elongated end portion said necked-in end portion includes an elongated cylindrical part, and said can body is supported adjacent said necked-in end portion during the further necking-in step and said necked-in end portion cylindrical part is separately supported during said further necking-in step adjacent that part of said necked-in portion being further necked-in.
US32122473 1971-03-22 1973-01-05 Double stage necking Expired - Lifetime US3845653A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0075068A2 (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-03-30 The Continental Group, Inc. Necked-in container body and apparatus for and method of forming same
DE3347208A1 (en) * 1982-12-27 1984-06-28 Nat Can Corp METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REJUVENATING CONTAINERS
US4774839A (en) * 1982-12-27 1988-10-04 American National Can Company Method and apparatus for necking containers
US5297414A (en) * 1992-09-30 1994-03-29 Reynolds Metals Company Method for necking containers
WO1996015865A1 (en) * 1994-11-22 1996-05-30 Aluminum Company Of America Threaded aluminum cans and methods of manufacture
US5737958A (en) * 1994-10-11 1998-04-14 Reynolds Metals Company Method for necking containers
US5945230A (en) * 1997-03-28 1999-08-31 Rayovac Corporation Toed-in anode can and electrochemical cell made therewith
US20090277862A1 (en) * 2006-04-17 2009-11-12 Daiwa Can Company Can container with screw
US20130146594A1 (en) * 2010-09-29 2013-06-13 Shigeru Hirano Three-piece resealable can for acidic liquid
USD739731S1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-09-29 Anheuser-Busch, Llc Metal beverage bottle
USD739732S1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-09-29 Anheuser-Busch, Llc Metal beverage bottle
US10022773B2 (en) 2014-04-30 2018-07-17 Alcoa Usa Corp. Aluminum sheet with enhanced formability and an aluminum container made from aluminum sheet

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE168713C (en) * 1902-09-20
GB190401080A (en) * 1904-01-15 1905-01-14 Hermann Kohl Improvements in or relating to the Compressing or Stamping of Hollow Bodies of Sheet Metal or the like
US2755839A (en) * 1952-07-05 1956-07-24 Ainsworth Mfg Corp Apparatus for re-forming tubular members
US3572080A (en) * 1968-10-03 1971-03-23 George A Mitchell Co Production of pointed workpieces
US3690279A (en) * 1970-10-02 1972-09-12 Continental Can Co Necked-in can body and method and apparatus for making same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE168713C (en) * 1902-09-20
GB190401080A (en) * 1904-01-15 1905-01-14 Hermann Kohl Improvements in or relating to the Compressing or Stamping of Hollow Bodies of Sheet Metal or the like
US2755839A (en) * 1952-07-05 1956-07-24 Ainsworth Mfg Corp Apparatus for re-forming tubular members
US3572080A (en) * 1968-10-03 1971-03-23 George A Mitchell Co Production of pointed workpieces
US3690279A (en) * 1970-10-02 1972-09-12 Continental Can Co Necked-in can body and method and apparatus for making same

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0075068A2 (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-03-30 The Continental Group, Inc. Necked-in container body and apparatus for and method of forming same
US4392764A (en) * 1981-09-18 1983-07-12 Continental Can Company, Inc. Necked-in container body and apparatus for and method of forming same
EP0075068A3 (en) * 1981-09-18 1984-05-09 The Continental Group, Inc. Necked-in container body and apparatus for and method of forming same
DE3347208A1 (en) * 1982-12-27 1984-06-28 Nat Can Corp METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REJUVENATING CONTAINERS
US4774839A (en) * 1982-12-27 1988-10-04 American National Can Company Method and apparatus for necking containers
US5297414A (en) * 1992-09-30 1994-03-29 Reynolds Metals Company Method for necking containers
US5737958A (en) * 1994-10-11 1998-04-14 Reynolds Metals Company Method for necking containers
WO1996015865A1 (en) * 1994-11-22 1996-05-30 Aluminum Company Of America Threaded aluminum cans and methods of manufacture
US5945230A (en) * 1997-03-28 1999-08-31 Rayovac Corporation Toed-in anode can and electrochemical cell made therewith
US20090277862A1 (en) * 2006-04-17 2009-11-12 Daiwa Can Company Can container with screw
US20130146594A1 (en) * 2010-09-29 2013-06-13 Shigeru Hirano Three-piece resealable can for acidic liquid
US9061787B2 (en) * 2010-09-29 2015-06-23 Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation Three-piece resealable can for acidic liquid
USD739731S1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-09-29 Anheuser-Busch, Llc Metal beverage bottle
USD739732S1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-09-29 Anheuser-Busch, Llc Metal beverage bottle
US10022773B2 (en) 2014-04-30 2018-07-17 Alcoa Usa Corp. Aluminum sheet with enhanced formability and an aluminum container made from aluminum sheet

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