US384440A - Electric-circuit controller - Google Patents

Electric-circuit controller Download PDF


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US384440A US384440DA US384440A US 384440 A US384440 A US 384440A US 384440D A US384440D A US 384440DA US 384440 A US384440 A US 384440A
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    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/02Details
    • H01H13/26Snap-action arrangements depending upon deformation of elastic members
    • H01H13/28Snap-action arrangements depending upon deformation of elastic members using compression or extension of coil springs


(No M odeL) 0; F. GREIM.
ELECTRIC CIRCUIT CONTROLLER. N0. 384,440. v Paten'tdJune 12, 1888. r
N. PETERS. Pholcrl hognplwr. Washinginn. D. C.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 384.440, dated June 12, 1888.
Application tiled December 31, 1887. Serial No. 250,451. \'o model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, Orro F. GREIM, a citizen of the United States, residing in Newark, in the county of Essex, in the State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements inElectric-Circuit Controllers, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to the class of devices employed for completing and interrupting the connections of an electric circuit.
The object of the invention is to provide a circuit'controlling device which will, by a positive automatic movement of the contact'piece, either make or break the connections, as desired, with absolute certainty and quickly, thereby preventing the burning or oxidizing of the contact-points.
The invention consists in employing a contact-piece whichis movable iudependentlymf the key, which serves to shift it from one to the other of its positions, and which will move quickly from one position to the other when the key is moved beyond a certain point. This movable contact-piece is placed between two pairs of contact springs or points. i A tensionspring is strained between one end of the contact-piece and a movablelever, which is adapted to shift one endof the spring, so that it will pull the contact-piece in one direction or the opposite. The lever is operated bymeans of a key carrying a crank arm which passes through a slot in the lever. The slot is of such length as to allow the key to be turned in either direction with the same result.
I do not claim,broadly, in an electric switch, the combination of apivotal primary actuating device, a pivotal contactbar, and a spring having its opposite extremities respectively connected to said two members eccentrically, said primary actuating device having a range of pivotal movement wherein the line of said two spring-connected points may pass, respectively, to opposite sides of the line of the pivotal axis of the contact-bar.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a transverse section, Fig. 2, a plan view, partly in section, and Fig. 3, areverse view, of the device.
Referring to the figures, A represents a suitable contact-piece. The respective ends of this piece are provided with contact plates or springs, as shown at bb and 0 0 These may constitute the terminals of an electric circuit. The ends of the lever preferably pass between these springs, which may be more or less rc- L silient for the purpose of insuring good electrical connections. The contact-piece is pivoted upon a hollow post or quill, (1, extending from the base-plate D. Through this post there extends an arm, 6, carrying a key, E. A bush, d, may intervene between the armeand quill d. Theiuncrend of this arm is provided with a short crank, f, which extends into a slot, g, formed in a plate or lever, G. This plate is pivoted at one end to the under side of the base D, as shown at h. It is evident that by turning the key E in either direction the lever G will be turned alternately in opposite directions upon its pivot h.
At the free end of the lever G there is attached one end of a spring, K. The other end of this spring is secured to an arm or post, m, which is fixed to one end of the circuit-closing piece A. This post m passes through a curved slot, a, in the base-plate, and this slot is preferably faced bya metal plate, N, though this may not always be necessary. The length of the slot at is such as to allow the piece A to be broughtinto contact with the respective springs 12 b and c c on the one hand,and to be carried a sufficient distance therefrom to insure the complete interruption of the circuit-connections and all danger of sparking on the other hand.
It is evident that if the key Ebe turned sufficiently to carry the lever G a sufficient distance to bring the free end 9 into such position that the spring K will draw upon the opposite side of the pivot h, then the latter will be immedia-tely drawn across to the opposite limit ofits excursion, and this movement will be constant and uninterrupted the moment the spring has reached such a position. It is further evident that the key may be turned in either direction and still produce the same result, and that it cannot be left in such position as to allow the circuit to be partially or incompletely closed.
I claim as my invention- 1. The combination of a movable contactpiece, a coil-spring for moving the same in one direction or the opposite, according to the direction of stress exerted thereby, a pivoted support for one end of the spring, and a crankpin coupled with said support for moving the same, substantially as described.
2. A circuit-closing device consisting of a movable contact piece, stationary contactpoints, acoil-spring for actuating said contact-piece by throwing the same into and out of contact with said contact-points, a pivoted actuating-lever to which one end of the spring is connected for shifting the point of its support and its consequent direction of tension upon the contactpieee, a key for actuating the lever, and a connection between the key and the lever consisting of a crank-pin passing through a slot in the lever.
3. The combination of a movable contact piece, contact-points for the same constituting the terminals of an electric circuit, a spring attached at one end to the contact-piece, a pivoted lever to the other end of which the remaining end of the spring is attached, said lever having a longitudinal slot and its point of support beingiutermediate between the ends of the spring, and a crank-pin passing through said slot, whereby the lever may be turned in either direction to carry the point of attachment of the spring upon one side or the other of the point of attachment of the lever.
4. In a circuit-controller, the combination of the movable pieceA andits contact-points, the lever G, the spring K, attached at one end to the contact-piece and at the other end to the lever, the key E, and the crank f, moved thereby and engaging the lever G, substantially as described.
5. In a circuit-controlling device, the combination, with the base and the key pivoted thereon, of a movable contact-piece surrounding the axis of the keyand movableindependently thereof, a pivoted lover, a spring connecting the lever and the contact-piece, and a crank-pin operated bythe keyfor moving said lever in one direction or the opposite, thereby changing the direction of pull exerted by the spring upon the contact-piece.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name this 30th day of December, A. D. 1887.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030025601A (en) * 2001-09-21 2003-03-29 주식회사 뷰닉스 Artificial nail
US20110017730A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Guillaume Hugo Marquis-Martin Electrical box and stand and method for using same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030025601A (en) * 2001-09-21 2003-03-29 주식회사 뷰닉스 Artificial nail
US20110017730A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Guillaume Hugo Marquis-Martin Electrical box and stand and method for using same
US8177086B2 (en) 2009-07-24 2012-05-15 Ipex Technologies Inc. Electrical box and stand and method for using same

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