US384363A - Corn-planter - Google Patents

Corn-planter Download PDF


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US384363A US384363DA US384363A US 384363 A US384363 A US 384363A US 384363D A US384363D A US 384363DA US 384363 A US384363 A US 384363A
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    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/18Machines for depositing quantities of seed at intervals
    • A01C7/185Foot valves


s SheetsSheet 1. E. K. HAYES.


(No Model.)

PatentedJune 12, 1888.

No Model.) B K HAYES 6 Sheets-Sheet 2.

CORN PLANTBR. No. 884,363. Patented June 12, 1888.

' (No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 3.


CORN PLANTER. No. 384,863. Patented June 12, 1888.

l-lllfllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIIIII ,K l lllllll-lllll 4/ 6 Sheets-Sheet 4.

(No Model.)


001m PL'ANTER.

No. 384,363. Patented June 12, 1888.

N. PETERS, Pho o-Lilhognpmar, Washmgion, u a

(No Model.) 6 Sheets-Sheet 5.


001m PLANTER. No. 384,363. Patented June 12, 1888.

6 SheetsSheet 6. E. K. HAYES.


(No Model.)

- Patented June 1.2, 1888,

b l il i. r


PATENT @rricn,



.3PECIFICATION forming pint of Letters Fatent No. 384:,363, deter. June 12, 1888.

Application filed October 13, 1887, Serial No. 252,944. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern:

Be itknown that l, EUGENIO K. HAYEs, residing at Galva, in the county of Henry and State of Illinois, and a citizen of the United States, have invented a new and useful Im provement in Corn-Planters, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which" Figure 1 is a top or plan View witlrthc tongue broken 011'; Fig. 2, a side elevation with the tongue broken off; Fig. 3, a View partly in side elevation and partly in cross-scction,with the check-rower movement out of use; Fig. 4, a similar view of the devices for raising and lowering the runners; Fig. 5, a sectional elevation through the wheels on one side of the machine; Fig. (3,21 sectional elevation of the dropping devices; Fig. 7, ascctional elevation of the droppingtubc; Fig. 8, adetail ofone ot' the spindles for the wheels; Fig. 9, a side clevation of the check-wire support, showing the parts in working position; Fig. 10, a side elevation of the check-wire support, showing the parts in position to hold the wire out of use; Fig. 11, a top or plan view of the check-wire support; 12, a detail, being atop or plan view of the sced'dropping plateand its actuating devices; Fig. 13, a detail, being a crossscction through the dropping-plate; Fig. 14, a detail, being a plan view of the cut-off" plate. Fig. 15 is a detail showing the lockingcollar for the end of the rock-shaft.

This invention has for its objects to improve the construction and operation of the shoe and the coveringwheelsand of the seed dropping devices generally, to improve the construction and operation of the check-wire support and the devices by which the runners are raised and lowered, and to improve the construction and operation of the machine as a whole; and its nature consists in the several parts and combinations of parts hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims as new.

In the drawings, A represents the front cross sill or piece of the frame,to which at each end,

runners. The side pieces, A, furnish thesupports for the wheel-spindles, i'our spindles be ing provided, one located on each side piece.

Bare the \vliccls-.-two for each side of the machine-a wheel being located on each side of the side pieces, A. Each pairof wheels is mounted so that the wheels can be set at an angle one wheel to the other, and be brought closer together at the bot-tom than at the top when used for planting purposes.

Care the spindles for the wheels B, each spindle having an extension or plate, C, in which are holes 0 c and a slot, a and the spindle is set at an angle in relation to the plate, so that when the plate is horizontal the spindle will have a downward inclination, as shown in Fig. The plates 0' for the spindles lie one above the other, and are attached to the side bars, A", by a bolt, a, which passes through the side bar and the hole 0 in one plate and slot 0" in the other plate, and the hub of the wheel is slipped onto the spindle G, andis held thereon at the outcrcnd by a cap, I), and a pin, 7), and, as shown, the inner end of the hub is protected by a plate, to, having at the end a curved flange to fit around the end of the hub, and this plate is provided with a. hole for the passage of the bolt (1., by which the plate (a is held in place. Each spindle C has an arm or extension, 0, in which is a circular hole, 0, near the base of the arm, and a crosswise slot, 0, at the end of the arm, and the arms 0 of two companion spindles when in place lie one over the other, as shown in Fig. 5, so thatboltu. can hepassed through the hole 0 and slot (5, which are in line, and connect the arms 0 together, and these holes and slots enable the spindles to be set at different inclinations, so that the wheels can be run at differentanglcs. The spindles are set at different inclinations by loosening the bolt 0 and the bolts a, which permits the spindles to be moved fore and alt, the limit of turning being the contact of the taco of the bolt-a with the end face of the crossslot a, and when the correct set of the spindles is reached the bolts 0 and o are tightened up, looking the spindles one to the other and to the plate 0, mounted on the side pieces, A, (see Fig. 5,) which plate 6 forms a base for the plates 0 across the space between the bars A in the arrangement shown.

D are the runners --one for each side of the machine-the forward end of the runner being bolted or otherwise secured to a bracket, 1), depending from a cross-piece, D, and the heel of the runner is extended back in line with the droppingtube from the seed-box. The heel D of the runner is split and cut away on its under side, so as to leave a space, (I, and in the heel is located a block, d, on which is a shelf or stop, d, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7.

E is a standard running from a brace-support, D, to the heel D, and attached to the brace-support and the heel by bolts or in some other suitable manner. This standard is hollow, and within it is located the droppingtube E, the lower end of which coacts with the shelf or stop (1''. This tube E is pivotally attached to a bolt or pin, a, by a split band, 0, which encircles the tube, and is locked thereto by a clamp-bolt or otherwise, so that the tube can oscillate on the pin or pivot e, and the upper end of the tube E has an extension which forms a stop or shelf,,e, which stop or shelf coacts with the opening in the top of the standard E, through which the seed drops. This stop or shelf 0, as shown, is on .a band encircling the top of the tube E, and to this band is pivotally connected one end of an arm or link, E, by which and a rock-shaft the tube E is oscillated.

F is a plate located on top of the brace Support D, and having a hole, f, in line, when the parts are together, with a hole, f, through the top piece, which lines with the tube E when the tube is vertical, and each corner of this plate F has a lug or projection, f, standing above the plane of the plate, through which lugs and the plate are holes for the passage of bolts or screws, by which the plate is attached to the brace-support D.

G is the dropping plate or disk, the periphery of which is provided with a series of teeth, and the body with a series of holes, g,whieh, as the plate is rotated, successively line with the holef. This plate at its center has a hole for the passage of a pin or pivot around which it rotates.

His a cap-plate having an annular center, H, connected with the plate H by a stirrup, h, so as to leave a clear annular space, h, between the center H and the edge of the plate H, which space is in line wit-h the seed-holes g in the plate G, and in this annular space h is located a cut-off dog, h, of the usual construction.

I is the seed-box, formed ofsides and a cover, I,the bottom of the sides fitting the plate H, as usual. The plate H is located on the upper ends of the lugsf, and is held in position by screws or bolts i, which pass through the plate and the lugs f and enter the brace-support D*, securing the plate F to the brace-support, and the pin. or pivot i for the seed-plate G, passes through the center of the plate F, seedplate G, and center 1-1, in the form of construction shown.

J is a fork having a long arm, j, and a short arm, j, the long arm extending the length of the plate F and passing through a socket or eye, j, on one of the stndsf of the plate F, and the fork J has an arm or extension, J, for connection with a rock-shaft by which the fork is advanced.

K is a pawl pivoted to a flange on the fork J, and having an acting end to engage with the notches or teeth 9 of the disk G, and this fork has its acting end held in engagement with the teeth by a spring, k, the free end of which acts to throw the acting end of the pawl inward, the spring being attached by a bolt or rivet to the armj.

L is a stop-pawl pivoted to the plate F, and having the acting end engage the teeth 9 and prevent recoil of the disk G. The acting end of the pawl is held in position for engagement with the teeth by a spring, Z, attached at one end to a stud, f, of the plate F, to have its free end bear against the pawl and throw its acting end into engagement. The pawl L is held by its spring so as not to interfere with the rotation of the plate, and the pawl K is held by its spring so as to allow the free end of the pawl to ride over a tooth in the with drawalof the fork.

M is a collar locked to the rock-shaft N by a set-screw, or in any other suitable manner, so as to be adjustable on the shaft. This collar is provided with an arm, m, having a pin, m, and is located so as to be connected with a socket, m, on the outer end of the arm J by a suitable pin or pivot. Another collar, M, having an arm, m, with a pin to connect with the end of the bar E, is mounted on the roclcshaft. The connection of the arm at with the socket m" is to be one that will give the proper throw to the fork J from the rock of the collar M to advance the disk G by the engagement of the pawl K with a tooth, g, of the plate, and to withdraw the pawl K for the next engagement, and the connection of the arm m with the end of the bar E is one that will give the required oscillation to the dropping-tube E for receiving and discharging the grain. I

N is a rock-shaft extending across the machine at the front and supported at the ends in the brackets or arms which carry the checkwire support in the form of construction shown, and on which shaft is secured the collars M M. This shaft is locked against end movement by a collar, 12, secured to each end of the shaft outside of the arm or bracket in which the shaft is mounted,.which collar, as shown, is a split one, having extensions, through which a bolt, it, passes, by which the collar can be drawn up to clasp the end of the shaft firmly and form a lock against the end movement;

0 is a coiled spring, one end of which is hooked into an eye, m, on the end of the arm m and the other end is connected to a bracket, 0, on the bottom of the brace -support D, which bracketo has a slot in its base, through which the attaching bolt passes, and by which the bracket can be adjusted to give the proper tension to the spring to withdraw the fork J,

and, as shown, the bracket 0 is attached by one of the bolts I is an arm mounted on the rock-shaft N, the arm being located between the arm n and the bracket or support for the check-wire support, and being loose on the stop, so as to turn thereon, for which purpose the stop is rounded at the point where the arm is located, the rounded portion also extending through the bracket or arm carrying the checlcwire support, and the coilar a has one of its arms, 11., extended so as to form a stop, against which the arm P will bear and rock the shaft N, the end of a being turned so as to be engaged by theedge of the arm I. This arm Phas secured thereto a fork, 1?, for the check cord or wire, which fork is formcdof two plates, p, with an opening, 1), between them, the plates being attached to the arm P by a bolt, 1)", as shown in Figs. 9, l0, and 11, and the outer end of each plate p is turned so as to form a mouth for the guiding of the cord in passing into the slot 1).

Q is the cord or wire, having knots or balls (1 thereon, as usual, the rope dropping into the slot 1) of the fork 1? and the balls being of sufficient diameter to engage the edges of the plates p and move the fork in the usual manner.

R are anti-friction rollers or spools, one on each side of the fork P and supported on a shelf, 1', by a bolt or pivot, r. The shelves 1* are located at the end of a bar, R, from which bar extend arms R", which come together so that the parts it R form a bracket or support, which bracket or support is attached to the crossbar D by an ear, '1', on the rear arm, t, and at right angles thereto, as shown in Fig. 1, through which car and the crossbar a bolt passes, and, as shown, the lower end of It is recessed, so as to partly receive the bar.

S S are pivoted arms or levers, the arm S having a rounded end, 8, to enter an opening, a, in the adjacent end of the arm S, so that the movement of either arm will operate the other. Each arm is pivoted by a suitable pin or pivot, s, to the bar It, and each arm at its outer or free end has a journal or pin, 5, standiug horizontal, on which is mounted a roller or spool, S, over which the rope runs when the parts are in position for check-rowing, and each arm at its outer or free end above the spool S has a projection or lip, S which forms a stop against the upward movement of the wire or cord, keeping the cord down and in position for use.

'1 is a pivoted arm attached tothc arm S by a pin or pivot, t, and on this arm adjacent to the pivotal point is a projection, 15, located and arranged to engage with a projection, t, on the arm S, so that the upward movement of the arm '1 wiii raise the free end of the arm S, and the free end of the arm S will be raised at the same time by the action of the end sin the opening 5, and such upward movement of the arms S S will raise the check-cord Q out with which a pawl on the lever U engages to lock and hold the lever in any desired posi- Lion.

V is a rod or bar, the lower end of which is connected to the arm a by a pin or pivot, o, and the upper end of which is bolted or otherwise secured to the upper end of a yoke, V, the lower end of which yoke is pivotally conneoted by abolt, v, to the center bars, A, the arms of the yoke coming outside of the center bars in the construction shown.

V is a tongue pivotally secured between the cross-pieces W at its rear end by a bolt, 10, and having at its extreme rear end a crosspiece, \V, which forms a foot-rest for the driver or operator of the machine, and the rear end of the tongue, below the cross-piece \V,has a depending bar, to, pivoted at its upper end to the tongue and provided at its lower end with a series of holes for connection with the arm a by by a pin or bolt, the holes enabling a proper adjustment to be had for the running depth of the runners D.

X is a foot-treadle pivotally mounted between ears X on a base-plate attached to the crosspiece D by bolts or otherwisaand around this pin or pivot ofthetreadle is a coiled spring, at, which bears against the under face of the ireadle X and acts to return the treadle afterbeing depressed, and the treadle-has a continuation or arm, X, as shown in Fig. 4, and the base-plate has a depending eye, [0.

Y isa rod, one end of which is hooked or otherwise connected to the end of the arm X, and the other end, y, of which is turned so as to engage an arm, y, projecting out from a collar, Y, locked to the shaft N, the collar being locked to the shaft in the construction shown by having split ears through which a bolt, y", passes, and, as shown, adjacent to the collar Y is the eye :0", into the opening of which a rounded portion ofthe collar projects, thus forming an intermediate bearing for the rock shaft N.

Z is a foottreadle pivotally mounted on the center bar, A, opposite to the foot-treadle X, and connected to a rod, Z, the other end of which is connected through an arm, 2, locked to a shaft, Z", which shaft is supported in suitable bearings on the under side of the side pieces, A, and has secured thereto scrapers s", so arranged as to be brought in contact with the tires or rims of the wheels B for cleaning purposes, a scraper being provided for each wheel. The scrapers are brought into contact with the wheels by pressing down on the ioot-treadle Z, which rocks the shaft Z" through the con- IIG ' charge to be stopped at the upper end while meeting-rod Z, bringing the edge of the scrapers in contact with their respective wheels, and when the force is removed from the foottreadle Z the weight of the scrapers will drop them out of use.

A seat, V, is provided for the dropper or operator, which seat is mounted on the upper end of the yoke V.

The operation is as follows: The tread ofthe wheels B is at a linejust back of the place of deposit of the seed from the heel of the run ners D, and the wheels run on each side of the furrow made by the runners, into which the seed is dropped, and these runners. being set at an angle, act to crowd or force the dirt on each side of the furro w-opening over the seed, so that as the seed is dropped it is covered by the travel of the wheels, and the depth of covering can be changed by giving the wheels a, greater or less inclination. The location of the wheels on each side of the runner to have the tread just back of the point of discharge from the seedtube brings the runners and wheels into close coactiug relation and enables both the dropping and covering devices to have independent frames, the runner or secondary frame being mounted above the main frame, leaving the runner-frame to operate independently.

The dropping-spout E, pivoted between its two ends in the support E, and having at its upper end a shelf, 6, in connection with the shelf d in the heel of the runners, enables a a charge is being dropped at the lower end, as when the tube is in the position shown in Fig. 7 the shelf 0 closes the passage f and holds the seeds in that passage, and at the same time the lower end of the tube is carried away from theshelf d, allowing the seed which has passed into the tube, when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 6, to drop, and with the parts as shown in Fig. 6 the seed'is stopped at the lower end of the tube by the shelf d, the tube, when in the position shown in Fig. 6, having a free communication with the passagef. The tube E is oscillated through the bar E by its connection with the arm at of the collar M, which collar, being locked to the rock-shaft N, moves with such shaft, giving a vibrating movement to the arm W, the forward movement of the arm at bringing the dropping-tube into the position shown in Fig. 7, and the rearward movement into the position shown in Fig. 6, and the degree of oscillation or movement of the tube E is adjusted by connecting the collar M with the rock-shaft at such an angle as will give the desired amount of swing. The rock-shaft N also actuates the disk or plate G, through the fork J and its arm J, which arm J is connected with the arm m of the collar M by the pin m, which enters the socket m on the end of the arm J, which will give the desired throw to the fork J for the pawl K to advance the seed-plate Gand have the holes 9 successively register with the hole f in the plateF to have theseed pass to the dropping-tube. The disk G is moved by the pawl K, carried by the fork J, and when the fork is receded the acting end of the pawl is carried back of the tooth with which it is to engage to advance the wheel for the next drop, allowing the required amount of lost motion for registering the holes 9 with the hole f, and with each advance of the fork J the arm j is brought into posit-ion to engage a tooth and prevent back movement of the plate G at the end of the stroke of the fork, and on the receding movement of the fork and the pawl K the acting end of the pawl L comes into position to engage a tooth and prevent backward turning of the plate G by the drawing back of the pawl K, by which means the plate G is advanced to a registered position and stopped in that position by the arm j,and held in position on the backward or return movement of the pawl K by the pawl L, thus insuring a correct register for each advance of the pawl. The fork J is drawn back by the spring O,which spring is extended with the advance of the fork to have the necessary reaction to draw the fork back, and such drawing back of the fork through the spring 0 returns the rock shaft N to its normal position through the arm at of the collar M.

The rockshaft N is actuated in a forward direction from the fork P through the check cord or wire Q when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 9, in which position the fork P is carried forward by the engagement of the knot q to the limit of its throw, which brings the fork into position for theknot to pass out from the upper end thereof, as usual.

The check-row wire can be released from the machine by the operator taking hold of the cord T and raising the arm T,which brings the stop into engagement with the stop t on the arm S, raising that arm, and also the arm S, as before described, which raising of the arms S S leaves the check-wire cord clear of the fork P, as shown in Fig. 10, the cord lying on the spools S, so that with the forward movement of the machine there will be no engagements ofthe knots q, with the fork, and consequently the fork will not be advanced and the rock-shaft will remain at rest. The runners or furrow-openers are set in to the required running depth by the operator through the lever U, the forward throw of which lever through the arm a forces down the frame at the forward end, and when the desired running depth is reached the lever is locked to the rack U, holding the runners at the required running depth. The driver, mounted on the seat- V, can also operate the dropping devices through the treadle X and rod Y, as by pressing down on the treadle with his foot a rocking movement is given to the shaft N through the engagement of the end 3 of the rod Y with the arm y of the collar Y. The downward movement of the free end of the treadle X draws up the arm X and the rod Y, which lifts the arm y and rocks the shaft N forward, advancing the fork J in the manner already described to rotate the disk G, and when the treadlc is released the springs 0 act to return the forks J and throw the rock-shaft N back to its normal position. The operator on the seat V can also operate thescrapers by pressing down on the foot-treadle Z,whieh, through the connecting-rod Z, rocks the shaft Z and brings the scrapers a into contact with the tires or rims of the wheels.

The droppingtube E is pivoted to have an oscillation fore and aft, which throws the seed rearward with the movement of the planter, and this movement of the seed-dropping tube is ofgreat advantage, as the faster the planter is moved forward the farther back the tube will throw the seed, thus overcoming the difficult-y found with other planters in fast driving of carrying the seed past the mark or point where it was to be dropped. As shown, the dropping-tube is pivotally attached bya split band, 6, encircling the tube, and a bolt, 6, passing through an ear of the band; but other means of pivoting and forms of pivot can be used to give the droppingtube a pivotal sup port, by which it is free to have a fore and-aft oscillation, and the upper stop for the seeddroppiug tube could be otherwise formed and applied than in connection with a band encircling the tube, so long as such shelf would act to form a stop for the passage. of the seed through the hole f when the dropping-tube was thrown out of line with the hole f.

The runnerframe isformed of the bars D D which are connected by the brace-supports D", to the top of which bars the support is bolted, and this support D extends back of the bar If) and supports the seed-boxes I through the plates F and H, the plateFlying upon the support D", and this plate and the plate H are connected together and to the support by the bolts 2'. This runner-frame is connected to the main frame by plates or straps (1 one extending forward from each side piece A, and having at its front end a slot to receive the arm of the bracket D", and being pivotally attached to the arm of the bracket by a suitable pin or bolt, as shown in Fig. 3, and this connection allows the runner-frame to have movement independent of the main frame, by which the wheels can ride over inequalities without affecting the running depth of the runners. The wheels at one side can be raised without affecting the level of the runnerframe by the yielding spring (2, coiled around the bolt or rod (1, the upper end of which is secured to the rear end of the bracesupport D by a nut, and the body of which passes through a guide-plate, (1 secured to the side bar A, so that the frame has a free play to the limit of the length of the rod (1*, and beyond that limit the spring (1 comes into play, forming a yielding support between the guide-plate d and the support D. The block d, having thereon the shelf (2, is formed, as shown, with the standard E, and the runner at its rear end is forked to receive the block (1 and be bolted thereto; but this block and shelf could be formed independent of the standard and be bolted to the runner, and the band 6', which supports the tube E, has at one side a solid car, through which the pivot 6 passes, and at the opposite side a split car, through which a clamp bolt passes to draw the band firmly around the tube.

hat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

l. The wheels B, in combination with the spindle 0, each spindle having a plate, G,provided with a. hole, 0, and a slot, 0, for adjusting the spindle to set the wheels at different inclines, substantially as specified.

2. The runner D, provided at its heel with a shelf, (2, in combination with an oscillating tube, E, having a shelf, 6, at its upper end for holding the seed, substantially as specified.

3. The runner D, provided at its heel with a shelf, (1'', and support E, in combination with the tube E, provided at its upper end with a shelf, 0, bar E", and a rock-shaft for oscillating the tube E, substantially and for the purpose specified.

4. The rockshaft X and collars M M, having the arms m at, in combination with the fork J, having the arm J and carrying a pawl, K, bar E, and tube E, for operating the seed disk and tube, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

5. The arms S S, carrying rollers S, in combination with the fork P and check-wire Q, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

6. The arms S S, carrying the rollers S, and arms T, in combination with the fork l? and check-wire Q, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

7. The fork P and arm P, in combination with the collar it, having the extension at, and rock-shaft N, for giving the rock-shaft its advance throw, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

8. The arm S, provided with the end 8, and arm S, provided with the opening 3, in combination with the'arm T, for operating both IIO arms S S simultaneously, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

9. A seed-dropping tube, E, having a foreand-aft movement, in combination with arockshaft, and a connection between the shaftand tube,substantially as and for the purpose specified.

10. In a check-row planter, the combination of the herein described device for releasing the wire, and a cord by which the operator can disengage the latch and raise the rollers and carry the wire out of the upright fork clear of the machine, substantially as specified.



B. H. SNYDER, 'W. H. MoELnoY.

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