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Counterfeit document detector

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US3842281A
US3842281A US32945673A US3842281A US 3842281 A US3842281 A US 3842281A US 32945673 A US32945673 A US 32945673A US 3842281 A US3842281 A US 3842281A
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light
lamp
shield
portion
easel
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R Goodrich
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R Goodrich
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR OF PAPER CURRENCY OR SIMILAR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers or for segregating those which are alien to a currency or otherwise unacceptable
    • G07D7/06Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers or for segregating those which are alien to a currency or otherwise unacceptable using wave or particle radiation
    • G07D7/12Visible light, infra-red or ultraviolet radiation
    • G07D7/128Viewing devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR OF PAPER CURRENCY OR SIMILAR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers or for segregating those which are alien to a currency or otherwise unacceptable
    • G07D7/06Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers or for segregating those which are alien to a currency or otherwise unacceptable using wave or particle radiation
    • G07D7/12Visible light, infra-red or ultraviolet radiation

Abstract

A housing has a structural portion which forms a light shield and another structural portion adjacent to the light shield which forms an easel suitable for supporting a document to be verified such as currency. An ultraviolet lamp is mounted behind the light shield such that the ultraviolet energy therefrom strikes the currency. Counterfeit currency is readily detected by virtue of a characteristic blue glow that it gives off.

Description

United States Patent [191 Goodrich [451 Oct. 15, 1974 COUNTERFEIT DOCUMENT DETECTOR [76] Inventor: Robert S. Goodrich, 27901 S.

Golden Meadow Dr., Palos Verdes [22] Filed: Feb. 5, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 329,456

[52] US. Cl 250/461, 250/485, 250/491 [51] Int. Cl. G0ld 7/06 [58] Field of Search 250/365, 461, 485; 356/71 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,059,197 11/1936 Backer et al 356/71 2,161,594 6/1939 Ruth 356/71 9/1969 Hubert 250/304 Hubert 250/461 l-loch et al. 250/485 Primary Examiner-James W. Lawrence Assistant Examiner-Davis L. Willis Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Edward A. Sokolski [57 ABSTRACT A housing has a structural portion which forms a light shield and another structural portion adjacent to the light shield which forms an easel suitable for supporting a document to be verified such as currency. An ultraviolet lamp is mounted behind the light shield such that the ultraviolet energy therefrom strikes the currency. Counterfeit currency is readily detected by virtue of a characteristic blue glow that it gives off.

4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures COUNTERFEIT DOCUMENT DETECTOR This invention relates to a counterfeit document detector and more particularly to such a device utilizing ultraviolet light in identifying counterfeit currency.

The unwitting acceptance of counterfeit currency has been a problem for many years in view of the difficulty of any but the most expert in telling good money from bad. This is a particular problem in situations where a good deal of currency is rapidly passed, such as in super markets, department stores and banks, in view of the lack of time for the cashier or teller to examine the bills except in a very cursory fashion. Where bills are expertly counterfeited, they tend to pass as real except when examined by experts.

It has been found that most counterfeit currency has a chromamorphic response or color change when it is viewed in ultraviolet light such that it fluoresces with a bluish light glow. This is due to bleach or photochemicals used in the paper used for most counterfeit money. Genuine currency is printed on a special paper manu factured under strict government control which has no bleach or chemicals therein. Thus, genuine currency will not glow in the fashion just described when subjected to ultraviolet light.

, The device of this invention provides a simple, convenient device of economical construction to facilitate the examination of bills and other documents under ultraviolet light to verify their authenticity. The device of the invention is of compact construction and can be placed on a counter where it occupies a minimum of space. I

It is therefore an object of this invention to facilitate the detection of counterfeit currency and other counterfeit documents.

Another object of this invention is to provide a compact, inexpensive device for enabling the rapid and accurate checking of currency.

Other objects of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds in connection with the accompanying drawings, of which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the invention;

F IG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane indicated by 22 in FIG. 1;

F lG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane indicatedby 3-3 in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane indicated by 4-4 in HQ 2.

Briefly described, the device of the invention comprises a housing with an ultraviolet lamp mounted therein and a switch and transformer forenabling the operation of such lamp from an AC power line. A portion of the casing is shaped to form a light shield for the ultraviolet lamp, this shield directing the light from the lamp towards another portion of the casing which forms an easel on which the currency to be examined can be placed. The easel portion of the casing provides a housing for a transformer for providing power to the lamp. A pair of removable end plates are provided to facilitate assembly of the device, one of these end plates having a lamp switch mounted therein. Currency and other documents can then be placed on the easel with the ultraviolet light directed thereagainst for rapid identification.

Referring now to the figures, the casing 11 has a light shield 12 formed along the front thereof. Supported in the casing behind light shield 12 in a pair of lamp sockets 14 is ultraviolet lamp 15. The upper portion 12a of light shield 12 wraps around lamp 15 so as to direct the light output thereof towards the face 17a of easel portion 17 of the casing. Power is provided for lamp 15 through power cord 18 which is connected to the AC power line. The AC voltage is stepped down to an appropriate value for the lamp by means of transformer 20 which is mounted in the easel portion of the casing. The lamp power is switched on and off by means of switch 22 mounted on end plate 25. End plate 25 is removably attached to the main body of the casing by means of screws 28, thus facilitating the removal of the plate to repair or replace the various parts. I

Easel portion 17 has a flat surface 17a which is slanted away from lamp l5 and extends from directly opposite the lamp to a line above the edge of shield portion 12a. The easel thus provides a convenient support for a bill 25 or other document to be examined. Easel portion 17 also has a wall 17b which slants away from surface 17a and forms the rear wall of the casing. The lower portion of such bill 25 is positioned directly opposite and in close proximity to the lamp in a location where the light emissions thereof are shielded by shield 12 while at the same time thesebottom bill portions can be readily viewed from above by an observer. Easel l7 and shield 12 can each be fabricated from single pieces of sheet metal bent to the desired configura-- tions, making for highly simple and economical construction.

As already noted, when avalid piece of currency 25 is exposed to the ultraviolet light, lamp 15, there is no glow or color change. A counterfeit bill, on the other hand, will glow with a bright blue fluorescent color.

The device ofthe invention thus provides a simple and economical means which can be mounted on'a smaller corner of the counter for checking the validity of currency. I v

While the device of the invention has been described and illustrated in detail, it is to be clearly understood that this is intended by way of illustration and example only, and is not to be taken by way of limitation, the spirit and scope of this invention being limited only by the terms of the following claims. a

I claim:

l. A device for checking the comprising:

a casing having a first portion thereof shaped to form a light shield, and a second portion thereof shaped to form an easel for supporting a document to be examined,

an ultraviolet lamp mounted in said casing adjacent to and behind said light shield, said light shield having a part thereof which wraps around said lamp,

validity of a document said easel portion extending at a slant angle from opposite said lamp away from the lamp to a line above the edge of the wrap-around part of said light shield, said light shield directing the light from said lamp towards said easel portion, and means for selectively energizing said ultraviolet lamp,

2. The device of claim 1 wherein said light shield extends along a front edge of said casing and said easel includes a flat, front portion positioned opposite said light shield and slanted away from said shield and the back portion which forms the rear wall of the casing.

3. The device of claim 1 and further including end plates removably attached to the opposite ends of said said transformer.

Claims (4)

1. A device for checking the validity of a document comprising: a casing having a first portion thereof shaped to form a light shield, and a second portion thereof shaped to form an easel for supporting a document to be examined, an ultraviolet lamp mounted in said casing adjacent to and behind said light shield, said light shield having a part thereof which wraps around said lamp, said easel portion extending at a slant angle from opposite said lamp away from the lamp to a line above the edge of the wraparound part of said light shield, said light shield directing the light from said lamp towards said easel portion, and means for selectively energizing said ultraviolet lamp, whereby a document to be examined can be placed on said easel such that the bottom portions thereof lie opposite said lamp and shielded by said light shield to receive a substantial portion of the light output of the lamp, yet viewable from above.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said light shield extends along a front edge of said casing and said easel includes a flat, front portion positioned opposite said light shield and slanted away from said shield and the back portion which forms the rear wall of the casing.
3. The device of claim 1 and further including end plates removably attached to the opposite ends of said casing.
4. The device of claim 1 wherein said means for selectively energizing said lamp comprises a poweR line, a transformer mounted in said casing beneath said easel, and an electrical switch mounted in one of said end plates for connecting power from said power line to said transformer.
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Cited By (83)

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US4057730A (en) * 1976-04-23 1977-11-08 Dane George E Chart viewer
FR2410855A1 (en) * 1977-12-01 1979-06-29 Barrin Pierre Olivier Document authenticity checking device esp. for bank cheques - uses black light from two fluorescent tubes, and has observation window on top
US4296326A (en) * 1979-03-06 1981-10-20 Thomas De La Rue & Company Limited Watermark detection
US4545302A (en) * 1984-12-28 1985-10-08 Dbs, Inc. Validator/imprinter apparatus
US4558224A (en) * 1983-05-26 1985-12-10 Imperial Inc. Counterfeit bill warning device
US4634872A (en) * 1983-03-03 1987-01-06 Jadrimex Automation Group B.V. Process for checking the authenticity of documents as well as apparatus therefor
EP0424342A2 (en) * 1989-10-16 1991-04-24 Sune Eckerstrand Counterfeit document detector
GB2263994A (en) * 1992-02-10 1993-08-11 Richard Gerald Roper Counterfeit document detector
US5640463A (en) * 1994-10-04 1997-06-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for authenticating documents including currency
US5668377A (en) * 1996-03-27 1997-09-16 Erickson; Win Point of sale counterfeit detection apparatus
US5790697A (en) * 1990-02-05 1998-08-04 Cummins-Allion Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US5790693A (en) * 1990-02-05 1998-08-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency discriminator and authenticator
US5874742A (en) * 1996-12-24 1999-02-23 Romano; Camille Counterfeit detection viewer apparatus for paper currency
US5905810A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-05-18 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automatic currency processing system
US5915518A (en) * 1994-01-04 1999-06-29 Mars, Incorporated Detection of counterfeit objects, for instance counterfeit banknotes
US5918960A (en) * 1994-01-04 1999-07-06 Mars Incorporated Detection of counterfeit objects, for instance counterfeit banknotes
US5940623A (en) * 1997-08-01 1999-08-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Software loading system for a coin wrapper
US5942759A (en) * 1996-12-24 1999-08-24 Romano; Camille Counterfeit detection viewer apparatus having a removable counterfeit detector unit for paper currency
US5960103A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-09-28 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for authenticating and discriminating currency
US5966456A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-10-12 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US5982918A (en) * 1995-05-02 1999-11-09 Cummins-Allison, Corp. Automatic funds processing system
US5992601A (en) * 1996-02-15 1999-11-30 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document identification and authentication
US6026175A (en) * 1996-09-27 2000-02-15 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency discriminator and authenticator having the capability of having its sensing characteristics remotely altered
US6039645A (en) * 1997-06-24 2000-03-21 Cummins-Allison Corp. Software loading system for a coin sorter
WO2000072295A1 (en) * 1999-05-19 2000-11-30 Villiers David Johannes De A display device
US6220419B1 (en) 1994-03-08 2001-04-24 Cummins-Allison Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US6237739B1 (en) 1997-05-07 2001-05-29 Cummins-Allison Corp. Intelligent document handling system
US6241069B1 (en) 1990-02-05 2001-06-05 Cummins-Allison Corp. Intelligent currency handling system
US6278795B1 (en) 1995-12-15 2001-08-21 Cummins-Allison Corp. Multi-pocket currency discriminator
US6311819B1 (en) 1996-05-29 2001-11-06 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6318537B1 (en) 1999-04-28 2001-11-20 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency processing machine with multiple internal coin receptacles
US6363164B1 (en) 1996-05-13 2002-03-26 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automated document processing system using full image scanning
US6398000B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2002-06-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency handling system having multiple output receptacles
US6493461B1 (en) 1998-03-17 2002-12-10 Cummins-Allison Corp. Customizable international note counter
US20030015396A1 (en) * 2001-04-18 2003-01-23 Mennie Douglas U. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US20030108233A1 (en) * 1990-02-05 2003-06-12 Raterman Donald E. Method and apparatus for currency discrimination and counting
US6588569B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2003-07-08 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency handling system having multiple output receptacles
US6601687B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2003-08-05 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency handling system having multiple output receptacles
US20030182217A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-09-25 Chiles Mark G. Currency bill and coin processing system
US6637576B1 (en) 1999-04-28 2003-10-28 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency processing machine with multiple internal coin receptacles
US6661910B2 (en) 1997-04-14 2003-12-09 Cummins-Allison Corp. Network for transporting and processing images in real time
US6748101B1 (en) 1995-05-02 2004-06-08 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automatic currency processing system
US6843418B2 (en) 2002-07-23 2005-01-18 Cummin-Allison Corp. System and method for processing currency bills and documents bearing barcodes in a document processing device
US6860375B2 (en) 1996-05-29 2005-03-01 Cummins-Allison Corporation Multiple pocket currency bill processing device and method
US6866134B2 (en) 1992-05-19 2005-03-15 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6880692B1 (en) 1995-12-15 2005-04-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6957733B2 (en) 1995-12-15 2005-10-25 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6959800B1 (en) * 1995-12-15 2005-11-01 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method for document processing
US6980684B1 (en) 1994-04-12 2005-12-27 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US7000828B2 (en) 2001-04-10 2006-02-21 Cummins-Allison Corp. Remote automated document processing system
US7016767B2 (en) 2003-09-15 2006-03-21 Cummins-Allison Corp. System and method for processing currency and identification cards in a document processing device
US7187795B2 (en) 2001-09-27 2007-03-06 Cummins-Allison Corp. Document processing system using full image scanning
US7232024B2 (en) 1996-05-29 2007-06-19 Cunnins-Allison Corp. Currency processing device
US7269279B2 (en) 2002-03-25 2007-09-11 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency bill and coin processing system
US7551764B2 (en) 2002-03-25 2009-06-23 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency bill and coin processing system
US7619721B2 (en) 1996-11-27 2009-11-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automated document processing system using full image scanning
US7647275B2 (en) 2001-07-05 2010-01-12 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automated payment system and method
WO2010151305A3 (en) * 2009-06-26 2011-03-03 Venkatesh Rajagopalan Chari Compact assistive reading device
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US20110069877A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2011-03-24 Datalogic Scanning Group S.R.L. Cradle for Coded Information Reader and Reading System Comprising It
US20110073658A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2011-03-31 Datalogic Scanning Group S.R.L. Recharge cradle for a coded information reader and reading system comprising it
US7929749B1 (en) 2006-09-25 2011-04-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. System and method for saving statistical data of currency bills in a currency processing device
US7946406B2 (en) 2005-11-12 2011-05-24 Cummins-Allison Corp. Coin processing device having a moveable coin receptacle station
US7980378B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2011-07-19 Cummins-Allison Corporation Systems, apparatus, and methods for currency processing control and redemption
US8162125B1 (en) 1996-05-29 2012-04-24 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
US8204293B2 (en) 2007-03-09 2012-06-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. Document imaging and processing system
US8391583B1 (en) 2009-04-15 2013-03-05 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
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USRE44252E1 (en) 2002-01-10 2013-06-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Coin redemption system
US8459436B2 (en) 2008-10-29 2013-06-11 Cummins-Allison Corp. System and method for processing currency bills and tickets
US8478020B1 (en) 1996-11-27 2013-07-02 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
US8538123B1 (en) 2007-03-09 2013-09-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
US8627939B1 (en) 2002-09-25 2014-01-14 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
US8929640B1 (en) 2009-04-15 2015-01-06 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
US8944234B1 (en) 2001-09-27 2015-02-03 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus and system for imaging currency bills and financial documents and method for using the same
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US9818249B1 (en) 2002-09-04 2017-11-14 Copilot Ventures Fund Iii Llc Authentication method and system

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Cited By (168)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4057730A (en) * 1976-04-23 1977-11-08 Dane George E Chart viewer
FR2410855A1 (en) * 1977-12-01 1979-06-29 Barrin Pierre Olivier Document authenticity checking device esp. for bank cheques - uses black light from two fluorescent tubes, and has observation window on top
US4296326A (en) * 1979-03-06 1981-10-20 Thomas De La Rue & Company Limited Watermark detection
US4634872A (en) * 1983-03-03 1987-01-06 Jadrimex Automation Group B.V. Process for checking the authenticity of documents as well as apparatus therefor
US4558224A (en) * 1983-05-26 1985-12-10 Imperial Inc. Counterfeit bill warning device
US4545302A (en) * 1984-12-28 1985-10-08 Dbs, Inc. Validator/imprinter apparatus
EP0424342A2 (en) * 1989-10-16 1991-04-24 Sune Eckerstrand Counterfeit document detector
EP0424342A3 (en) * 1989-10-16 1992-09-30 Sune Eckerstrand Counterfeit document detector
US6351551B1 (en) 1990-02-05 2002-02-26 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting document
US20030108233A1 (en) * 1990-02-05 2003-06-12 Raterman Donald E. Method and apparatus for currency discrimination and counting
US20050117791A2 (en) * 1990-02-05 2005-06-02 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for currency discrimination and counting
US5790697A (en) * 1990-02-05 1998-08-04 Cummins-Allion Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US5790693A (en) * 1990-02-05 1998-08-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Currency discriminator and authenticator
US7536046B2 (en) 1990-02-05 2009-05-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for currency discrimination and counting
US5960103A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-09-28 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for authenticating and discriminating currency
US5909503A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-06-01 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for currency discriminator and authenticator
US5912982A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-06-15 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US7672499B2 (en) 1990-02-05 2010-03-02 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for currency discrimination and counting
US6241069B1 (en) 1990-02-05 2001-06-05 Cummins-Allison Corp. Intelligent currency handling system
US5966456A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-10-12 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US5905810A (en) * 1990-02-05 1999-05-18 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automatic currency processing system
GB2263994A (en) * 1992-02-10 1993-08-11 Richard Gerald Roper Counterfeit document detector
US6866134B2 (en) 1992-05-19 2005-03-15 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US5918960A (en) * 1994-01-04 1999-07-06 Mars Incorporated Detection of counterfeit objects, for instance counterfeit banknotes
US5915518A (en) * 1994-01-04 1999-06-29 Mars, Incorporated Detection of counterfeit objects, for instance counterfeit banknotes
US6220419B1 (en) 1994-03-08 2001-04-24 Cummins-Allison Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US7817842B2 (en) 1994-03-08 2010-10-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US6378683B2 (en) 1994-03-08 2002-04-30 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US6980684B1 (en) 1994-04-12 2005-12-27 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for discriminating and counting documents
US5640463A (en) * 1994-10-04 1997-06-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for authenticating documents including currency
US7778456B2 (en) 1995-05-02 2010-08-17 Cummins-Allison, Corp. Automatic currency processing system having ticket redemption module
US6748101B1 (en) 1995-05-02 2004-06-08 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automatic currency processing system
US5982918A (en) * 1995-05-02 1999-11-09 Cummins-Allison, Corp. Automatic funds processing system
US6778693B2 (en) 1995-05-02 2004-08-17 Cummins-Allison Corp. Automatic currency processing system having ticket redemption module
US7149336B2 (en) 1995-05-02 2006-12-12 Cummins-Allison Corporation Automatic currency processing system having ticket redemption module
US6278795B1 (en) 1995-12-15 2001-08-21 Cummins-Allison Corp. Multi-pocket currency discriminator
US6957733B2 (en) 1995-12-15 2005-10-25 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6880692B1 (en) 1995-12-15 2005-04-19 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document processing
US6959800B1 (en) * 1995-12-15 2005-11-01 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method for document processing
US6955253B1 (en) 1995-12-15 2005-10-18 Cummins-Allison Corp. Apparatus with two or more pockets for document processing
US5992601A (en) * 1996-02-15 1999-11-30 Cummins-Allison Corp. Method and apparatus for document identification and authentication
US5668377A (en) * 1996-03-27 1997-09-16 Erickson; Win Point of sale counterfeit detection apparatus
US6996263B2 (en) 1996-05-13 2006-02-07 Cummins-Allison Corp. Network interconnected financial document processing devices
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