US3837735A - Improved spring loaded spectacle hinge - Google Patents

Improved spring loaded spectacle hinge Download PDF

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Publication number
US3837735A
US3837735A US34869373A US3837735A US 3837735 A US3837735 A US 3837735A US 34869373 A US34869373 A US 34869373A US 3837735 A US3837735 A US 3837735A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
bow
shoe
bows
hinge
means
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
H Guillet
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H Guillet
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Publication date
Priority to FR7212698A priority Critical patent/FR2178828B1/fr
Application filed by H Guillet filed Critical H Guillet
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Publication of US3837735A publication Critical patent/US3837735A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C5/00Constructions of non-optical parts
    • G02C5/22Hinges
    • G02C5/2218Resilient hinges
    • G02C5/2227Resilient hinges comprising a fixed hinge member and a coil spring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C2200/00Generic mechanical aspects applicable to one or more of the groups G02C1/00 - G02C5/00 and G02C9/00 - G02C13/00 and their subgroups
    • G02C2200/26Coil spring pushed upon actuation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/526Eyeglass hinge
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54028Plural alternately useable detents

Abstract

Eyeglass frame of which the bows can assume two distinct positions with respect to the front under the effect of a loaded part which cooperates with two notches in one of the parts of the hinge, characterized in that the loaded part, which is located in an axial housing of the bow has the form of a shoe of which the one end is convex and cooperates in a known manner with the part of the hinge having the notches, while the opposite end comes to rest against a shoulder located in the corresponding housing of the bow in order to limit the folding out of the bow towards the outside. Part 3 of the hinge comprises two notches 10 and 11 separated by a cylindrical part 9. Bow 2 which is pivotably mounted with respect to face 1 is hollowed out by an axial bore 14 in which a shoe 17 is placed. If the bow is opened past its normal position, end 17b of the shoe comes to rest against the shoulder of bore 14. When the bow is released, spring 19 returns the bow to its use position by acting on 17.

Description

[ Sept. 24, 1974 Unite States Patent [1 1 Guillet 1 IMPROVED SPRING LOADED SPECTACLE Primary ExaminerPaul A. Sacher HINGE Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Alexander & Dowel] [76] Inventor:

[57] ABSTRACT Eyeglass frame of which the bows can assume two dis- Henri Guillet, 2 Boulevard Georges, Clemenceau Oyonnax, France Apr. 6, 1973 Appl. No.: 348,693

[22] Filed: tinct positions with respect to the front under the ef- [21] feet of a loaded part which cooperates with two notches in one of the parts of the hinge, characterized in that the loaded part, which is located in an axial [30] Foreign Application Priority Data housing of the bow has the form of a shoe of which Apr. 6, 1972 France.............................. 72.12698 the one end is convex and cooperates in a known manner with the part of the hinge having the notches, while the opposite end comes to rest against a shoulder located in the corresponding housing of the bow in order to limit the folding out of the bow towards the outside.

1 34 2 UQ5 HH 2 5 2M 3 0 G11 A ,4 61 oo 11 2 a w I 21 a 0/ n as a a 1 "n 5 u" 3 mm m mh .c n r U e m a .1 m C 1 S WM m U .mF H mm 5 55 Part 3 of the hinge comprises two notches 10 and 1 l separated by a cylindrical part9. Bow 2 which is [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS pivotably mounted with respect to face 1 is hollowed out by an axial bore 14 in which a shoe 17 is placed. If

2,874,609 2/1959 Ducati 351/113 the bow is opened past its normal position, end 17b of 3, 2/1972 the shoe comes to rest against the shoulder of bore 14. When the bow is released, spring 19 returns the bow to its use position by acting on 17.

Villiani 351/113 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 825,817 12/1959 Great Britain................ 351/113 2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures IMPROVED SPRING LOADED SPECTACLE HINGE DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The improvements which are the object of the present invention have the goal of permitting the creation of a frame of such a type that the bows can assume two distinct positions with respect to the face, that is to say, a position of use and a folded position. The folding of said bows beyond their use position is limited by suitable elastic stops.

The eyeglass frame according to the invention, of which the hinges comprise a loaded part cooperating with two slots carried by one of the parts of these hinges, is basically unusual because the loaded part situated in an axial housing of the bow is realized in the form of a shoe, of which the one convex end cooperates in a known manner with the part of the hinge carrying the slots, while the opposing end abuts against a shoulder in the corresponding housing of the bow in order to limit the folding of the same towards the outside.

The attached drawing, given by way of example, will permit a better comprehension of the invention, the characteristics which it presents and the advantages to be derived therefrom: r

FIG. 1 is a partial transversal cut of a frame according to the invention using an enlarged scale.

FIG. 2 is a view similar to that of FIG. 1, but showing one of the bows at its position of maximum outward folding.

The frame of the invention, shown in FIG. 1, comprises essentially a face 1 which supports lenses, not represented, and the bows 2. The face and the bows are preferably made from a plastic material such as cellulose acetate.

In the customary manner, each lateral part of face 1 is assembled to one of the parts 3 of a hinge by the intermediary rivets 4. The said part 3 comprises a bedplate 30 attached to the face, and a body 3b pierced by a central hole 5 which receives a pin 6. The body 3b comprises a flat external wall 7 preferably situated in the prolongation of the corresponding side of face 1, that is to say, obliquely by comparison with its longitudinal plane. Wall 7 is connected by a flat part 8 to a cylindrical surface 9 of which the constant radius has as its center the geometrical axis of the hole 5. This surface 9 is indented by means of two slots 10, 11 corresponding respectively to the normal use position of bows 2 and to the rest position of these bows. A capping l2 comprising at least two cheeks or knuckles each pierced by a perforation traversed by pin 6 is articulated about this pin.

The capping is extended in a direction away from pin 6 by a metallic block 13 pierced by an axial bore 14 which ends between the two knuckles of capping 12. Bore 14 is extended in a direction opposed to the capping by another bore 15 with a smaller diameter which forms, together with the first, an annular shoulder 16.

Each metal block 13 is bedded in the corresponding bow 2.

A cylindrical shoe is engaged in bore 14 of block 13. Its end 17a situated via-a-vis body 3b of hinge 3 is convex and presents the general shape of a portion of a cylinder of which the radius is very slightly greater than that of the slots 10 and 11. The opposite end 17b of shoe 17 is hollowed out by an axial perforation 18 of a diameter nearly equal to that of bore 15. Between the bottom 15a of bore 15 and that, 18a, of perforation 18 a compression spring 19 is placed, which tends to push shoe 17 back towards the outside.

As FIG. 1 clearly shows, each bow 2 is held at its open use position by the elastic support of shoe 17 in the slot 10. Thus, it is necessary to use a certain effort to push the bow in the direction of arrow F towards its closed position. During this movement, the shoe is pushed back in opposition to the reaction of spring 19,- when it leaves slot 10, then it glides on the periphery of cylindrical surface 9. When the shoe engages slot 11,

the bow centers itself there automatically. Sufficient play is provided between end 17b of the shoe and the shoulder 16 of block 13 to allow the shoe to move freely during the aforesaid movement.

If, starting from the open position of one of the bows, the user pivots the bow in the direction of arrow F1 (FIG. 2) about pin 6, the shoe 17 is thrust back into the interior of the bow, opposing the reaction of spring 19, by means of the bottom of notch 10 until the end 17b of the shoe makes contact on shoulder 16. The folding of the bow outwards is thus limited, and if it is let go, it automatically reassumes its normal open position. The amplitude of the outward folding of each bow 2 is thus controlled by the length of shoe 17.

As FIG. 2 clearly shows, one should take care to choose the proper length of shoe 17 so that when its end 17b comes to rest on shoulder 16, its convex end 17a is still in contact with the bottom of slot 10. In this manner the punctual contact of the shoe with part of hinge 3 is avoided. Note that in normal use position the end of block 13 which constitutes the transversal face 12a of capping 12 is flush with the corresponding edge of the flat part 8 of part of hinge 3. This face 12a is oblique in such a fashion that during the pivoting of the bow in the direction of arrow F1 it does not risk coming in contact with the aforesaid edge of flat part 8.

Thus, an eyeglass frame has been made of which the bows are held elastically in their two normal positions, that of use and that of rest, while the amplitude of their outward folding is limited.

It should moreover be understood that the preceding description has only been given by way of example. It does not limit in any way the invention if one replaces described details of its execution with any other equivalents. In particular, the face and the bows of the glasses can be made of metal; in this case the metal block 13 will be either soldered to the corresponding bow or formed by a part of this latter part.

I claim:

1. An eyeglass frame comprising a face piece having opposite ends; a pair of side bows; hinge means respectively fixed to said opposite ends and to the ends of said side bows for connecting said side bows to the face piece tiltably between a folded position and an open use position; cooperating cam means on the hinge and spring-biased shoe means housed in each bow yieldably maintaining said side bows in either of said positions, said cam means comprising a. camming surface having a pair of spaced recesses in which said spring-biased shoes respectively engage when the respective shoe bows are in either of said positions, the end of each shoe adjacent the recesses being convex, and the opposite end cooperating with a stop on the bow limiting the outward movement of the shoe means away from the hinge means, the end of each bow adjacent the hinge means having a stepped cylindrical bore receiving said bows adjacent the hinge means each having an inclined face flush with a corresponding edge of the cam means at the position of maximum opening of the bows, said inclination presenting the same radius of curvature as the recess of the open use positions of the bows.

Claims (2)

1. An eyeglass frame comprising a face piece having opposite ends; a pair of side bows; hinge means respectively fixed to said opposite ends and to the ends of said side bows for connecting said side bows to the face piece tiltably between a folded position and an open use position; cooperating cam means on the hinge and spring-biased shoe means housed in each bow yieldably maintaining said side bows in either of said positions, said cam means comprising a camming surface having a pair of spaced recesses in which said spring-biased shoes respectively engagE when the respective shoe bows are in either of said positions, the end of each shoe adjacent the recesses being convex, and the opposite end cooperating with a stop on the bow limiting the outward movement of the shoe means away from the hinge means, the end of each bow adjacent the hinge means having a stepped cylindrical bore receiving said spring-biased shoe; each shoe being cylindrical and being axially slidable in the larger of said stepped bores; and compression springs interposed between said outer ends of said stepped bores and the said adjacent ends of said shoes.
2. In a frame as set forth in claim 1, the ends of the bows adjacent the hinge means each having an inclined face flush with a corresponding edge of the cam means at the position of maximum opening of the bows, said inclination presenting the same radius of curvature as the recess of the open use positions of the bows.
US34869373 1972-04-06 1973-04-06 Improved spring loaded spectacle hinge Expired - Lifetime US3837735A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7212698A FR2178828B1 (en) 1972-04-06 1972-04-06

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IT (1) IT981884B (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3957360A (en) * 1973-10-04 1976-05-18 Luciano Villani Spectacle frames with spring-loaded hinges
US4244081A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-01-13 La National S.A. Hinge for spectacles
US4461548A (en) * 1980-04-23 1984-07-24 Obe-Werk Ohnmacht & Baumgartner Gmbh & Co. K.G. Spectacle frame
US4570289A (en) * 1982-07-30 1986-02-18 Piero Consolati Resilient spectacles hinge and method for making a spectacles frame bearing a resilient spectacles hinge
US4577927A (en) * 1983-03-07 1986-03-25 Raney Gerard E Portable unitary battery powered hand-held magnifying apparatus
US4605293A (en) * 1983-03-03 1986-08-12 Ratti Ind Ottica Spa Spectacle frame with resilient hinges
US4818093A (en) * 1986-09-23 1989-04-04 Vittorio Tabacchi Hinge for the elastic articulation of a temple piece to the front frame of an eyeglass frame
US5515575A (en) * 1993-12-17 1996-05-14 Euroframes Srl Hinge to connect the legs and frame of a pair of spectacles
EP0886165A1 (en) * 1997-06-19 1998-12-23 Ezio Pellegrinotti Elastic hinge for spectacles
EP0889347A1 (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-01-07 Italiana Aste S.r.l. Improvement in a hinge structure in particular for spectacles
US6393664B1 (en) * 1999-09-10 2002-05-28 Mansfield Assemblies Co. Compression spring hinge mechanism
US20030067583A1 (en) * 2000-04-14 2003-04-10 Christophe Desbiez-Piat Method for fitting a resilient hinge of a spectacle frame and resilient hinge designed for implementation of this method
US6619798B2 (en) * 2001-03-16 2003-09-16 Lehrer Brillenperfecktion Werks, Inc. Piston temple for eye glass frames
US6721991B2 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-04-20 D.O.T. S.A.S. Di Dioguardi Franco & C. Elastic hinge with inclined plane eyelet for automatic closing of spectacle temples
US20040226138A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-11-18 Harmon Roger W. Spring biased hinges and methods therefor
US20050000130A1 (en) * 2003-04-29 2005-01-06 Kicher Paul T. Breakaway banner support assembly
US20050136998A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-23 Spence Michael F. Spring biased hinge and methods therefor
US20090273264A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-05 James Christopher Butler Flapper mechanism for a refrigerator
ITTO20090686A1 (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-03-08 Cesare Massacesi Eyeglass Frame
CN102341741A (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-02-01 A·米克利塔瑞恩 Frame for spectacles with telescopic hinges, and hinge for the frame
US20130000077A1 (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-01-03 Oakley, Inc. Hinge assembly for eyewear
JP2013186441A (en) * 2012-03-12 2013-09-19 Excel Gankyo:Kk Temple joint structure of spectacle frame
US20180373284A1 (en) * 2017-06-26 2018-12-27 Linemaster Switch Corporation Rolling Hinge Assembly

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3067734A1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-14 Go Eyewear, SA Automatically openable elastic spectacles leg

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874609A (en) * 1955-03-02 1959-02-24 Ducati Marcello Mounting arrangement for spectacle side pieces
GB825817A (en) * 1957-03-30 1959-12-23 Nationale Sa Improvements in or relating to the process of fabrication of a spectacle side provided with a hinge element and a spectacle side obtained by said process
US3644023A (en) * 1969-01-22 1972-02-22 Luciano Villani Spring-loaded spectacle hinge

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874609A (en) * 1955-03-02 1959-02-24 Ducati Marcello Mounting arrangement for spectacle side pieces
GB825817A (en) * 1957-03-30 1959-12-23 Nationale Sa Improvements in or relating to the process of fabrication of a spectacle side provided with a hinge element and a spectacle side obtained by said process
US3644023A (en) * 1969-01-22 1972-02-22 Luciano Villani Spring-loaded spectacle hinge

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3957360A (en) * 1973-10-04 1976-05-18 Luciano Villani Spectacle frames with spring-loaded hinges
US4244081A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-01-13 La National S.A. Hinge for spectacles
US4461548A (en) * 1980-04-23 1984-07-24 Obe-Werk Ohnmacht & Baumgartner Gmbh & Co. K.G. Spectacle frame
US4570289A (en) * 1982-07-30 1986-02-18 Piero Consolati Resilient spectacles hinge and method for making a spectacles frame bearing a resilient spectacles hinge
US4605293A (en) * 1983-03-03 1986-08-12 Ratti Ind Ottica Spa Spectacle frame with resilient hinges
US4577927A (en) * 1983-03-07 1986-03-25 Raney Gerard E Portable unitary battery powered hand-held magnifying apparatus
US4818093A (en) * 1986-09-23 1989-04-04 Vittorio Tabacchi Hinge for the elastic articulation of a temple piece to the front frame of an eyeglass frame
US5515575A (en) * 1993-12-17 1996-05-14 Euroframes Srl Hinge to connect the legs and frame of a pair of spectacles
EP0886165A1 (en) * 1997-06-19 1998-12-23 Ezio Pellegrinotti Elastic hinge for spectacles
EP0889347A1 (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-01-07 Italiana Aste S.r.l. Improvement in a hinge structure in particular for spectacles
US6393664B1 (en) * 1999-09-10 2002-05-28 Mansfield Assemblies Co. Compression spring hinge mechanism
US20030067583A1 (en) * 2000-04-14 2003-04-10 Christophe Desbiez-Piat Method for fitting a resilient hinge of a spectacle frame and resilient hinge designed for implementation of this method
US6814438B2 (en) * 2000-04-14 2004-11-09 Chevassus S.A. Method for fitting a resilient hinge of a spectacle frame and resilient hinge designed for implementation of this method
US6619798B2 (en) * 2001-03-16 2003-09-16 Lehrer Brillenperfecktion Werks, Inc. Piston temple for eye glass frames
US6721991B2 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-04-20 D.O.T. S.A.S. Di Dioguardi Franco & C. Elastic hinge with inclined plane eyelet for automatic closing of spectacle temples
US20080086924A1 (en) * 2003-04-29 2008-04-17 Kicher Paul T Breakaway banner support assembly
US7264219B2 (en) * 2003-04-29 2007-09-04 Kicher Paul T Breakaway banner support assembly
US20050000130A1 (en) * 2003-04-29 2005-01-06 Kicher Paul T. Breakaway banner support assembly
US7028373B2 (en) 2003-05-16 2006-04-18 Motorola, Inc. Spring biased hinges and methods therefor
US20040226138A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-11-18 Harmon Roger W. Spring biased hinges and methods therefor
US20050136998A1 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-23 Spence Michael F. Spring biased hinge and methods therefor
US20090273264A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-05 James Christopher Butler Flapper mechanism for a refrigerator
US8757796B2 (en) * 2009-03-03 2014-06-24 Dominique Delamour Frame for spectacles with telescopic hinges, and hinge for the frame
CN102341741A (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-02-01 A·米克利塔瑞恩 Frame for spectacles with telescopic hinges, and hinge for the frame
US20120026452A1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-02-02 Dominique Delamour Frame for spectacles with telescopic hinges, and hinge for the frame
JP2012519307A (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-08-23 シェーヌ、リシャール Eyeglass frame having a telescopic hinge and hinge of the frame
ITTO20090686A1 (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-03-08 Cesare Massacesi Eyeglass Frame
US20130000077A1 (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-01-03 Oakley, Inc. Hinge assembly for eyewear
US8875346B2 (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-11-04 Oakley, Inc. Hinge assembly for eyewear
JP2013186441A (en) * 2012-03-12 2013-09-19 Excel Gankyo:Kk Temple joint structure of spectacle frame
US20180373284A1 (en) * 2017-06-26 2018-12-27 Linemaster Switch Corporation Rolling Hinge Assembly
US10338626B2 (en) * 2017-06-26 2019-07-02 Linemaster Switch Corporation Rolling hinge assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2178828B1 (en) 1976-08-06
IT981884B (en) 1974-10-10
FR2178828A1 (en) 1973-11-16

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