US3833818A - Control device and system - Google Patents

Control device and system Download PDF

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US3833818A
US3833818A US32171573A US3833818A US 3833818 A US3833818 A US 3833818A US 32171573 A US32171573 A US 32171573A US 3833818 A US3833818 A US 3833818A
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switch
timer motor
electro
magnet
opening
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J Harris
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DELTRAL CORP
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DELTRAL CORP
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Priority to US32171573 priority Critical patent/US3833818A/en
Priority claimed from US45188674 external-priority patent/US3930132A/en
Priority claimed from US45189674 external-priority patent/US3922923A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B49/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H7/00Devices for introducing a predetermined time delay between the initiation of the switching operation and the opening or closing of the contacts
    • H01H7/08Devices for introducing a predetermined time delay between the initiation of the switching operation and the opening or closing of the contacts with timing by mechanical speed-control devices

Abstract

A heavy duty contactor mechanism for refrigeration compressor motors is directly actuated by a timing mechanism controlled by a thermostat. The timing mechanism protects against false starts from thermostat vibration, and interposes a delay between stopping and starting of the compressor sufficient to allow pressures to equalize. Power for operating the contactor switches is stored in a spring while the timer motor is running through the delay period.

Description

United States Patent 1 [111 3,833,818
Harris Sept. 3, 1974 [5 CONTROL DEVICE AND SYSTEM 3,135,908 6/1964 Harris 62/158 [75] Inventor: John L. Harris, Clearwater, Fla. SSE: 73 Assigneez m- Corp. Bellwood, m 3,583,l73 6/1971 Chesebro 318/484 [22] Filed: 1973 Primary Examiner-David Smith, Jr. [21] Appl, No.: 321,715
Related US. Application Data 57 ABSTRACT [62] 3g Sept 1971 PM A heavy duty contactor mechanism for refrigeration compressor motors is directly actuated by a timing [52] Cl 307/141 R 62/158 318/484 mechanism controlled by a thermostat. The timing [51] Int. Cl. 1101b 7/00 mechanism protects against false Starts frQm thermo' [58] Field of Search 307/141 R 1414. 62/158. stat vibration, and interposes a delay between stopping 335/65 and starting of the compressor sufficient to allow pressures to equalize. Power for operating the contactor [56] References Cited switches is stored in a spring while the timer motor is UNITED STATES PATENTS running through the delay period.
2,268,235 12/1941 Aamodt 335/65 9 Claims, 24 Drawing Figures re m 145 4 J I -147 i Is 15: 1% I6! 1 9 O 121 "j 6 I63 6 l l 3 STANDBY PATENIEU- 1974 SHEET 1 BF 3 l NQULATIVI 3' STANDBY PAIENIEDSEP 31914 SHEET 2 N 3 INITIAL DELAY PERIOD START AND SHORT CYCLE ADDER PERIOD 8 EQUALIZATON DELAY PERIOD CONTROL DEVICE AND SYSTEM CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of my application Ser. No. 179,422 filed Sept. 10, 1971 now US. Pat. No. 3,745,273.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In air conditioning and refrigeration systems having motors of three HP and above, it is necessary to use a magnetic starter or contactor for handling the current to the compressor motor. These devices include a large expensive electro-magnet, the coil current of which is controlled directly by a thermostat or by a relay controlled by the thermostat.
Unless a time delay mechanism is interposed between the thermostat and coil, damage can result from false starts caused by vibration of the thermostat causing the contactor to bounce in and out. This causes rapid making and breaking of the heavy starting inrush current to the motor which can damage both the starter contacts and the motor. Also if the compressor is stopped and immediately restarted, the suction and head pressures on the compressor have a wide differential and the motor will usually not have sufficient starting torque to start the compressor under these conditions. A delay in restart sufficient to allow the pressures to equalize is needed. In some cases, malfunctioning of a part of the system causes the safety controls to stop the compressor. This condition causes rapid starting and stopping (short cycling) of the compressor which is damaging to both the compressor and its motor.
These considerations have led to use of timing systems between the thermostat and compressor contactor which provide the necessary safeguarding delays. These systems are relatively complex and expensive.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF INVENTION In applicants invention, the usual magnetic starter is replaced by a new type of starter directly operated by the timing mechanism which provides the desirable time delay features. This eliminates the noise of magnetic starters slamming in and out and also eliminates the loud humming usually occuring with magnetic starters. In addition, it substantially simplifies the control system which reduce costs. It also reduces installation costs as an entire control system is included in a single component.
In applicants invention, the contractor mechanism is similar in appearance to the usual magnetic starter and the movable contacts are carried by a slide in the same general manner. This slide is actuated by a cam follower which is spring biased against a main cam driven by a timer motor. The control also includes an electromagnet controlled by a thermostat.
On call for cooling, theelectro-magnet is energized which closes a switch for the timer motor. After a fifteen second delay, the cam follower rides down a dropoff on the main cam. During this downstroke the cam follower is engaged to the switch slide by a closing pawl and pulls the slide down to engage the contacts, starting the compressor. At the end of the downstroke of the slide, the closing pawl is released and-the slide is now held down by a holding pawl.
During the downstroke of the cam follower, it advanced the main cam which in turn advanced a timer motor switch cam which maintains the timer motor switch closed independently of the electro-magnet. The timer motor now runs for approximately 2 minutes at which time the motor switch opens even though the electro-magnet is still energized.
When the thermostat is satisfied, it drops out the electro-magnet which releases the holding pawl. This allows the switch slide to return to its upper position under its own bias, opening the contacts to stop the compressor. This movement of the switch slide recloses the timer motor switch. The timer now runs for approximately 5 minutes back to the starting position where the timer motor switch opens. During this time, the cam follower is driven back to its upper position and power is stored in its biasing spring for the next cycle.
It is important that the contactor switches open without requiring operation of the timer motor. This is necessary for safety and also to insure proper recycling after a power interruption.
The primary object of the invention is to provide a timing mechanism for actuating a load switch operator to close the switches under the control of a condition responsive device or master controller, which releases the operator instantly for opening the switches, and which utilizes power provided by the timer motor to actuate the operator with rapid action.
When the releasing of the switch operator is achieved by an electro-magnet releasing a latch, it is desirable to use as small an electro-magnet as possible. It is a further object of the invention to reduce the force required for releasing the latch by providing a motion transmitting means between the switch operator and latch giving a mechanical advantage to the latch in holding the switch operator.
Another object of the invention is to provide an arrangement in which the holding latch has a plurality of latching surfaces allowing for immediate latching engagement in spite of the increased travel resulting from the mechanical advantage.
A further object of the invention is to provide an arrangement for dampening the movement of the switch operator to obtain controlled speed of contact make and break.
Other objects will appear from the following detailed description and appended claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view partly in section of a time delay contactor embodying the invention, this section being taken on line l-l of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2 is an internal front view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a top view of the contactor.
FIG. 4 is another internal front view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 1. FIG. 5 is a side view partly in section of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a bottom view taken on lines 6 -6 of FIG. 4.
FIGS. 7, 8, 9, and 10 are views similar to FIG. 4 but showing the different combinations of positions assumed by the parts during a typical cycle of operation.
FIG. 11 is a schematic wiring diagram showing the application of the invention to an air conditioning system.
FIG. 12 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but showing the positions of the switch operating mechanism when the switches are closed.
FIG. 13 is a modified schematic wiring diagram.
FIG. 14 is a partial view similar to FIG. 12 but showing the positions of the parts when the contactor first opens.
FIG. 15 is a plan view of the cam follower.
FIG. 16 is a side view of FIG. 15.
FIG. 17 is a front view of the switch operator slide.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, reference character 1 indicates a base plate upon which the mechanism is mounted. This base plate carries a U-shaped internal bracket 2 the lower leg 3 of which is attached to the base plate 1. The bracket 2 also includes an upwardly extending portion 4 which supports the operating mechanism. This bracket also includes a horizontal portion 5 which serves as one support for the switch block generally indicated as 6. Also mounted on the base plate 1 is an end bracket generally indicated as 7. This end bracket includes a horizontal portion 8 attached to the base plate, an upwardly extending portion 9, and a horizontal portion 10 which serves as the other support for the switch block 6. As shown in FIG. 6, the bracket 7 also includes side members 11 and 12 which serve to form an enclosure for the operating mechanism. Also as shown in FIG. 6, the upwardly extending portion 4 of bracket 2 includes rearwardly extending cars 13 and 14 which are attachable by screws (not shown) to the side members 11 and 12 respectively.
The switch block 6 illustrated is for a three pole switch and is formed with three channels 16, 17, and 18 (FIG. 2) which receive three identical switches generally indicated as 19. As shown in FIG. 1, each switch 19 includes a left hand terminal bracket 20 and a right hand terminal bracket 21 which are held in place by terminal screws 22 which are threaded into suitable inserts 23 molded into the switch block 6. In order to save space; the switch block 6 is reduced in thickness at the center portion and the terminal brackets 20 and 21 are offset so as to lower the locations of the stationary contacts 25 and 26 carried by these brackets.
Each switch also includes a movable contact bar 27 carrying movable contacts 27a. The three movable contact bars 27 are carried and actuated by a slide 28 (FIG. 2). This slide extends transversely across the switch block 6 and has extensions 29, 30, and 31 which extend upwardly through openings in the switch block and support the movable contact bars 27. As shown in FIG. 1 the slide extension 30 is formed with a shoulder which supports the movable contact bar 27. The slide extension is also formed to receive a spring retainer 33 for an overtravel spring 34. The switch block 6 is secured in place by a pair of screws 36 which extend into the horizontal portion 5 of bracket 2. The block 6 is also secured by a pair of screws 37 which extend into the horizontal portion 10 of the case bracket 7.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5 the lower end of slide 28 is slideably mounted on a pair of studs 39 and 40 which are attached to the vertical case member 9. Each stud includes a main portion 41 and a reduced portion 42 providing a shoulder 43. As shown in FIG. 2 the slide 28 is formed with slots 44 and 45 which fit over the reduced portions 42 of the mounting studs. The shoulders 43 on the mounting studs serve to locate the slide 28 in spaced relationship with the rear case member 9. The slide is held in place on the reduced portions 42 by washers 46 suitably attached to the studs.
The construction of slide 28 is shown in detail in FIGS. 18 and 19. This slide is preferably molded and includes a transverse upper member 48 which supports the switch bar extensions 29, 30, and 31. The slide 28 also includes side members 49 and 50 which extend downwardly and which are molded L-shaped at the lower ends shown in FIG. 19. Extending between the lower ends of side members 49 and 50 is a cross over member generally indicated as 51. This cross over member is formed of thin webs 52 and 53 joined at their lower edges by a forwardly extending section 54. The web 52 is formed with an offset providing a shoulder 55 the purpose of which will appear as this description proceeds.
Extending downwardly from the transverse section 48 is a gear rack section 56 provided with gear teeth 57 and formed with a channel 58 which also extends through the transverse portion 48. Extending forwardly from the slide 28 is a projection 59 which supports the closing pawl 60 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. Also extending forwardly from the transverse section 48 is a cam member 69. This cam member 69 includes a horizontal section 70 which projects forwardly from the cross over section 48. The cam member also includes a downwardly extending extension 71 having camming surfaces 72 and 73. A slot 74 is formed in the transverse section 48 adjacent the cam extension 70 as shown in FIG. 19.
Mounted inside the confines of switch operator slide 28 is a cam follower generally indicated as 80. The construction of this cam follower is shown in detail in FIGS. 16 and 17. This cam follower has a main generally U-shaped portion consisting legs 81 and 82 connected by a horizontal leg 83. This cam follower also includes two upward extensions 84 and 85 which are offset rearwardly as shown in FIG. 17. Extending forwardly of the cam follower is a lug 86, and mounted on the rear of the cam follower is a roller 87. The cross over section 83 of the cam follower is formed with curved upper surfaces 88 and 89 which serve as camming surfaces as will be described.
The cam follower 80 is mounted within the confines of slide 28, the legs 81 and 82 being in front of webs 52 and 53 of the slide 28. Extension 85 of the cam follower fits into the slot 58 in the slide and extension 84 of the follower fits into slot 74. As shown in FIGS. 2 and" 5 the outer edges of the legs 81 and 82 of the cam follower fit in between the reduced portions 42 of the studs 39 and 40 and are held in place by the washers 46. The cam follower is thus slideably mounted with the switch operator slide 28, being guided at its lower end by the studs 39 and 40 and being guided at its upper end by extensions 84 and 85 fitting into the slots 74 and 58 of the operator slide.
As shown in FIGS. 2, 12, and 14 the closing pawl 60 is pivotally mounted on stud 59 of the switch operator slide. This closing pawl includes a downwardly depending portion 89 formed to provide a latching surface 90 and a camming surface 91. The closing pawl is also formed with a releasing lever portion 92 and a disengaging lever section 93. The closing pawl 60 when in latching position as shown in FIG. 2 is engageable by the lug 86 formed on the cam follower.
The switch operator 28 is biased upwardly by coil springs 95 and 96 (FIGS. 5 and 22). The lower ends of these springs fit into extensions 97 molded on the back of the operator slide 28. The upper ends of these springs are supported on studs 98 attached to the case member section 9. The springs 95 and 96 thus serve to bias the switch operator means in a direction opening the switches.
As shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 22 the cam follower roller 87 rides on a cam 100 which is loosely mounted on a shaft 101 which is staked into the enclosure plate 9. The cam 100 as shown best in FIG. 22 includes a high portion 102 and a low portion 103 connected by a drop off section 104. The cam also includes a gradual rise portion 105 which extends from the other side of the low portion 103 to the high portion 102. The cam 100 is driven in a clockwise direction as seen in FIG. 2, (counterclockwise in FIG. 22) by a gear 107 which is also supported on the shaft 101. This gear 107 is provided with a shoulder 108. As shown more clearly in enlarged FIG. 25 the gear 107 is provided with a slot 109 into which a stud 110 on cam 100 extends. This pin and slot arrangement provides a lost motion drive between the gear 107 and cam 100 and as shown in FIG. 22 the slot 109 is formed to provide in excess of 90 lost motion. This permits advancement of the cam relative to the gear the amount of lost motion provided by the lost motion drive means.
The gear 107 is driven by a timer motor 112 which is mounted on the enclosure plate 9 beneath the switch block 6. Preferrably the reduction gears are interposed between the timer motor output and gear 107 for reducing the torque required at the timer motor output. In the embodiment of the invention illustrated the timer motor speed and gear reduction are selected to give one revolution of the cam 100 in approximately seven minutes.
The cam follower 80 is biased downwardly to cause the roller 87 to ride the cam by spring biasing means including springs 114 and 115 (FIG. 22). These springs are mounted on hubs 116 of identical spring levers 117. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 22, one spring lever 117 is mounted on the enlarged portion 41 of the stud 40 which also supports the switch operator 28 and the cam follower 80. The other spring lever 1 17 is mounted similarly on the stud 39. The spring levers 117 are provided with rearwardly extending studs 118 upon which the upper legs of springs 114 and 115 bear. The lower legs of these springs rest on horizontal section 8 of the rear housing member 7.
As shown in FIGS. 5 and 22 the spring levers 117 extend upwardly behind the cam follower 80 and are provided with rollers 119 which extend forwardly and ride the camming portions 88 and 89 of cam follower 80. As shown in the enlarged FIG. 24, the roller 1 19 is formed with a slot 120 the inside surface of which rides the cam follower. As the spring levers 117 are accurately positioned by hubs 116, the grooves in rollers 119 serve to position the upper end of the cam follower which in turn positions the upper end of the switch operator 28 into which the cam follower fits. This arrangement facilitates assembly of the unit as the switch operator is held in the correct position before installation of the switch block 6.
It will be apparent that the springs 114 and 115 serve to bias the spring levers inwardly and that the rollers riding the camming surfaces 88 will cam the switch operator downwardly when this motion is allowed by the cam 100. Preferably the camming surfaces 88 are characterized to reduce the rate of travel of the cam follower as it moves downwardly. This compensates for loss in spring tension of the springs 114 and 115 as the spring levers move inwardly and the cam follower moves downwardly. This arrangement also gives a relatively large motion per increment of movement of the spring levers when the switch operator is being moved to close the air gap between the stationary and movable contacts. It also gives relatively small motion of the cam follower per increment of movement of the spring levers after the contacts engage and provides a mechanical advantage for the springs 114 and 115 in applying contact pressure to the closed contacts.
As shown in FIGS. 21 and 22, a gear section member is pivoted on a stud 126 attached to the rear housing member 9. This gear sector member includes a pinion portion 127 having teeth meshing with the gear rack teeth 57 on the switch slide 28. The gear section 125 also includes a gear portion 128 having teeth meshing with pinion teeth 129 formed on shaft 130. This shaft has a bearing portion extending into the housing member 9. It also extends forwardly through the plate 4 and carries a ratchet wheel 131 having ratchet teeth 132. The ratchet wheel 131 is preferably massive as shown and serves as a fly wheel for controlling the speed of movement of the gear rack 57. It will be apparent that upward or downward movement of the switch slide 28 will cause rotation of the gear section member 125 about its pivot 126 and that this in turn will cause rotation of the ratchet wheel 131. It will also be apparent that the gearing provided is of the step up type causing the motion at the periphery of the ratchet wheel to be much greater than the up or down motion of the switch slide 28.
Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, a holding pawl or latch member 133 is mounted on a stud 134 carried by the cross plate 4. This holding pawl 133 has an upper pointed portion 135 which is arranged to enter the slots 136 on the ratchet wheel 131. The preferred configuration of the ratchet wheel is shown enlarged in FIG. 20. The holding pawl 133 is formed with a hub portion 137 (FIGS. 1 and 6) adjacent plate 4 and this hub is surrounded by a torsion type spring 138 which serves to bias the holding pawl toward engagement with the ratchet wheel 136. The cross plate 4 is provided with an opening 140 through which a lug 141 formed on closing pawl 133 extends. This lug extends into the path of the cam member 69 which is part of the switch operator 28.
The holding pawl 133 is also formed with a lever section 142 which extends into engagement with the clapper 143 of a clapper type electro-magnet generally indicated as 144. This electro-magnet includes a frame 145 which is secured to the horizontal portion of housing member 2. This frame 145 also has ears 146 extending into openings in the clapper 143. This provides a pivotal support for the clapper on the frame. This clapper is biased downwardly as seen in FIG. 4 by means of a biasing spring 147 and is held in position by retaining means 148 as well known in the art. It will be apparent that when the coil 149 of the electro-magnet 144 is energized, the clapper will be drawn upwardly against the force of the biasing spring 147. This will remove the free end of the clapper from engagement with the holding pawl 133 and thus permit this pawl to engage the ratchet wheel 131. When the coil 149 is deenergized, the spring 147 will pull the clapper 143 downwardly, this engaging the lever portion 142 of the holding pawl 133 for rotating it to disengage the ratchet wheel 131.
Power tothe timer motor 112 is controlled by a timer motor switch generally indicated as 150. This switch to the cross plate 4. These blades are biased downwardly and both ride a timer motor switch cam 155. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 25 the timer motor switch cam 155 is carried by the shaft 101 in front of the main cam 100. This switch cam is provided with a driving lug 156 which extends into a slot 157 formed in the main cam 100. The lug 156 and slot 157 provide a lost motion drive means for driving the switch cam 155 in controlled relationship with the cam 100. As shown in FIG. 2 the width of the slot 157 is greater than the lug 156, thus providing a lost motion drive between the two cams. In FIG. 2 and other figures the slot 157 and lug 156 are shown in full lines for clarity of illustration.
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 7 through 10, the switch cam 155 is provided with two drop-offs 158 and 159. The drop-off 158 is located between two relatively low levels on the cam 155 and the drop-off 159 is located between two higher levels. In other words the two dropoffs are located at different distances from the axis of rotation of the cam. As shown in FIG. 4, the cam 155 is positioned at a point where the short lower switch blade 151 has just dropped off the drop-off section 158. The longer blade 152 is still held up by the cam and this has caused the contacts on the two blades to be disengaged as shown. When the cam is rotated to the point where the upper blade 152 drops off, the contacts reengage and only the lower blade rides the cam surface thus maintaining the contacts in engagement until the switch blades are separated at the next drop-off on the cam.
In addition to being operated by the cam 155, the switch 150 is also controlled by a lever 160 which is pivoted on a stud 161 mounted on the cross plate 4. As shown in FIG. 6, the lever 160 is formed with a hub 162 fitting over stud 161, the main portion of the lever extending adjacent the crossplate 4. At its outer end this lever is formed with an inward extension 163 which extends beneath the lower switch blade 151 for operating the same. As shown in FIG. 6 the electro-magnet clapper 143 is formed with an extension 165 which passes through a suitable opening in plate 4 and into a slot 166 in lever 160. As shown in FIG. 4 the electro-magnet 144 is deenergized and the clapper 143 in its lower position. This has positioned the switch lever 160 to cause its operating portion 163 to be disengaged from the switch blade 151 thus allowing the motor switch contacts to be opened. When the electro-magnet 144 is energized, the upward motion of the clapper 143 raises lever 160 to close the motor switch 150.
FIG. 1 1 shows a typical wiring diagram for an air conditioning system in which applicants device is equipped with a line voltage timer motor. The three load switches 19 are separately connected to a power source including line wires 169, 170, and 171 and the other sides of the switches are connected to the three leads of the compressor motor 172. The timer motor switch 150 is connected to the input terminal receiving line wire 169 and the timer motor is connected to the input terminal receiving line wire 171. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 the input terminals for the two outer load switches are provided with auxiliary terminals 174 for facilitating connection of the timer motor circuit. The electro-magnet coil 149 is connected in circuit with a safety control or controls 173 and thermostat 174. Assuming conditions are correct in the system, the safety control 173 is normally closed and the thermostat 174 energizes the coil 149 on call for cooling and deenergizes it when the thermostat is satisfied. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 the switch block 174 is formed with an auxiliary terminal block 175 receiving terminals 176. This facilitates making external connections to the coil FIG. 13 shows a typical wiring diagram for a unit having a low voltage timer motor. In this diagram the load switches 19 are individually connected to the line wires 169, 170, and 171 and also to the individual motor leads of the compressor motor 172. The timer 112 is connected into the low voltage circuit along with the coil 149. Preferably the safety control 173 controls power to the motor switch 150 and the thermostat 174 controls only the power to the electro-magnet coil 149.
OPERATION With the parts in the positions shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 4, the control is in the Standby" position awaiting the command of the thermostat or master control means 174 to call for compressor operation. In this position the cam follower roller 87 is at the top level of the cam 100 and the cam follower is at a position in which its lug 86 is above the latching surface on closing pawl 60. At this time the switch operator 28 is in its upper position causing all of the switches to be open and the engaging surface 93 on closing pawl 60 bears against the lower surface of the switch block 6 which has caused this pawl to be at its clockwise limit of rotation with the latching surface 90 under abutment 86 on the cam follower. As the cam follower 80 is at the top of its stroke, the spring levers 117 are at their outermost positions and springs 114 and have been wound for a cycle of operation. The timer motor switch at this time is open due to blade 151 having dropped down the drop-off 158 on the motor switch cam 155. The solenoid coil 149 is deenergized and thus clapper 143 and motor switch operator are in their lower positions. The holding pawl 133 is held in disengaged position by clapper 143 and also by the switch operator cam 69.
When the thermostat 174 calls for cooling, it energizes the electro-magnet coil 149 which raises clapper 143 in turn operating the lever 160 which lifts switch blade 151 to close the timer motor switch 150. The parts are now in the positions shown in FIG. 7. The timer motor now runs and drives the camshaft assembly clockwise as seen in FIGS. 2 and 4. After approximately 15 seconds of timer motor operation (initial delay period) the cam follower roller 86 rides down the drop-off of the main cam 100 this advancing the cam 100 approximately 90 which motion is permitted by the lug 110 on the cam advancing in the slot 109 in gear 107. The downward motion of the cam follower and forward motion of the cam is caused by the spring lever rollers riding inwardly across the camming surfaces 88 of the cam follower 80.
During this downward motion of the cam follower, lug 86 on the follower engages the latching surface 90 of the closing pawl 60 and the switch operator 28 is pulled downwardly closing the load switches. During this motion, the gear rack teeth 57 on the switch operator rotates the gear section 125 which in turn rotates shaft 130 in a counterclockwise direction. This causes rotation of the ratchet wheel 131 in a counterclockwise direction as seen in FIG. 4. At this time, the holding pawl 133 is held away from the ratchet wheel by the camming surface 69 on the switch operator.
As the switch operator approaches the bottom of its stroke, the roller 119 on the left hand spring lever 117 engages the releasing lever 92 on the closing pawl 89 causing this pawl to rotate clockwise toward releasing position. Also as the switch operator is lowered, the camming surface 69 releases the holding pawl 133 so that this pawl may move into engagement with the teeth on ratchet wheel 131. When the switch operator reaches the end of its design stroke, the latching surface 90 releases the lug 86 on the cam follower which is now held from returning by engagement'of the holding pawl 133 with the ratchet wheel 131. The design stroke of the cam follower is greater than that of the switch operator to allow for manufacturing variations. Thus after the closing pawl 89 is released the cam follower continues downward allowing additional inward motion of the spring lever 117 this causing substantial clearance between the latching surface 90 and the lug 86 on the cam follower.
As the cam 100 advanced during the downstroke of the cam follower and switch operator, it also advanced the motor switch cam 155 due to lug 156 on cam 155 being engaged by the driving end of the slot 157 in cam 100. This caused the motor switch cam 155 to advance to the position shown in FIG. 8. At this time, the lower switch blade is riding the top lever of the cam 155. The switch contacts are therefor closed and also the lower blade 151 has been lifted beyond the range of movement of the lever 160. At this time the driving lug 156 on cam 155 has advanced to the position shown and is in the path of the abutment 55 on switch operator 28.
Summarizing the operation thus far, the thermostat on call for cooling energizes the electro-magnet which closes the timer motor switch as shown in FIG. 7. When the timer motor runs approximately 15 seconds, the cam follower roller rides down the main cam which advances this cam and also the switch cam to the position of FIG. Sin which the timer motor switch is maintained closed. During the downward motion of the cam follower, the closing pawl is engaged which pulls the switch operator downwardly against the action of its biasing springs and closes the main contacts. When the switch operator reaches the bottom of its stroke the closing pawl is disengaged and the holding pawl 133 engages the ratchet wheel 131 for holding the switch operator in contact closed position. At the end of the closing stroke the parts assume the positions shown in FIGS. 8 and 12.
The timer motor will now continue to run and drive the gear 107 forwardly which is counterclockwise as seen in FIG. 22 which is a back view. Initially this movement of the gear will not cause rotation of the cams and 155 as the pin 110 on cam 100 advanced in the slot 109 in the gear during the closing motion of the contact mechanism. After approximately two minutes of operation, the gear will have taken up the lost motion and have driven the cams 100 and 155 to the position shown in FIG. 9 where the lower switch blade 151 has dropped off the high drop-off section 159 on cam 155. This causes the motor switch 151 to open as shown. The motor switch opens at this time even though the electro-magnet is energized due to the cam now having moved the motor switch beyond the range of movement of the electro-magnet operated lever 160.
The control mechanism will remain in this condition with the main switches closed and timer motor switch open as long as the thermostat continues to call for cooling. When the thermostat becomes satisfied, it opens the circuit to the coil 149 of the electro-magnet and its clapper 166 drops as shown in FIG. 10. This dropping of clapper 166 rotated the holding pawl clockwise releasing it from the ratchet wheel 131. This allows the biasing springs 95 and 96 to raise the switch operator to its upper position as shown in FIG. 2 where the main switches are again opened, this stopping the compressor. On initial upward motion of the switch operator the cam 69 which is part of the operator engaged the extension 141 of the holding pawl 133 to hold it released from the ratchet wheel 131. The purpose of this arrangement is to prevent damage to the ratchet wheel or holding pawl in the event the electro-magnet should become energized during the opening stroke of the switch operator. It also insures a complete opening stroke of the switch operator anytime the electromagnet is deenergized and avoids any possibility of the switches becoming locked in a partially open position.
Also during the opening stroke of the switch operator, the camming abutment 55 of this operator engages the driving lug 156 of the motor switch cam 155. This advanced the switch cam 155 from the position shown in FIG. 9 to the position shown in FIG. 10 in which the motor switch 150 is reclosed. As this switch is in sole control of the timer motor, the timer motor 112 will now operate and drive the camshaft assembly back to the point shown in FIGS. 2 and 4. At this time the lower switch blade 151 of the timer motor switch drops down the lower drop-off section 158 of the cam 155.
When the switch operator 28 reached the top of its stroke the engaging lever portion 93 of the closing pawl 89 became in contact with the lower surface of the switch block as shown in FIG. 14. This rotated the holding pawl clockwise bringing the latching surface 90 back into the path of the lug 86 on the cam follower 80. As the cam follower is raised by cam 100 the lug 86 on this follower engages the camming surface 91 on the closing pawl which forces the closing pawl out of the path of the lug. This motion is allowed by a slight downward motion of the switch operator 28 against the action of its biasing springs. As the cam follower rises, it cams the spring levers 117 outwardly rewinding springs 114 and 115 for the next cycle. As the follower reaches the top of its stroke the lower edge of the lug 86 clears the latching surface 90 of the holding pawl which permits the holding pawl to be rotated to the position shown in FIG. 2 by the action of the engaging lever section 93 on the lower surface of the switch block 6. The control system is now ready for the next cycle of operation when the thermostat calls for cooling.
Summarizing the operation on call for cooling the thermostat energizes the electro-magnet which closes the timer motor switch starting the timer motor. After seconds of timer motor operation, the cam follower rides down the incline of the cam which pulls the switch operator to closed position due to the holding pawl being engaged. At the end of the switch operator stroke the holding pawl is released and the switch operator is held in closed position by the holding pawl. During this main switch closing action, the timer motor switch is maintained closed independently of the electro-magnet and the timer motor will run for approximately 2 minutes, being stopped by reopening of the motor switch. When the thermostat is satisfied it deenergizes the electro-magnet which releases the holding pawl allowing the biasing springs to raise the switch operator for opening the main switches. This opening movement of the switch operator 28 reclosed the timer motor switch for restarting the timer motor. Approximately 5 minutes after this occurs the cam follower has been raised, storing power in a spring means for the next cycle. The timer motor switch 3 opens and the electro-magnet is once again conditioned for reclosing the switch on call for cooling by the thermostat.
It should be noted that the linkage between the switch operator and the holding pawl provides a considerable mechanical advantage to the holding pawl in holding the switch operator in closed position. This lowers the force on the holding pawl and consequently it can be released by a small force from the electromagnet even though the opening force on the switch operator is considerable.
It should also be noted that load switch operator 28 is mechanically actuated by an actuating means including timing means consisting of cam follower and cam driven by the timer motor 112. This actuating means also includes spring means comprising springs 114 and 115 and arms 117, these springs being wound by the timer motor as it drives the cam follower upwardly. The actuating means for the switch operator also includes closing means including closing pawl 60 carried by the switch operator and engaging cam follower 80 as it is driven down by the springs when such movement is permitted by cam 100 of the timing means. As the switch operator moves downwardly it stretches opening springs 95 and 96. At the end of the closing stroke the closing pawl 60 is released and the operator is held in switch closed position by pawl 133. The means for releasing closing pawl 60, and the opening springs 95 and 96 provide an opening means capable of opening the switch instantly after closure thereof. No movement of the timing means is required to open the switch. Release of pawl mechanically by dropping out of the electromagnet 149 allows this opening means to open the switch instantly at any time. The timer motor switch 151 is a control means for the timing means and is actuated in part by the timing means and in part by its mechanical association with the electro-magnet.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the present invention provides a simplified control system which is especially useful in air-conditioning or refrigeration systems where time delays are desirable. While the invention is of particular utility in such systems it is not limited thereto as many features have uses in other applications. As many modifications may be made in the construction and application of the invention it is desired to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch controlling the power to said device, said load switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the load switch and the other causing opening thereof, means for mechanically actuating said switch operator, said actuating means including timing means having a timer motor, spring means wound by the timer motor, closing means actuated by the spring means for actuating said operator to close the switch, and opening means capable of actuating the switch operator to open the switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, control means for the timing means capable of starting and stopping the same, means including an electro-magnet mechanically associated with said control means and said opening means in a manner to open the load switch and allow operation of the timing means when the electromagnet moves in a first direction, said electro-magnet also being movable in a second direction, and master control means associated with said electro-magnet, said master control means being arranged on assuming a first condition to cause movement of the electromagnet in the second direction and start the timing means, means operated by the timing means for actuating said closing means a period of time thereafter, means for stopping the timing means after the load switch closes, said master control means being arranged on assuming a second condition to cause movement of the electro-magnet in the first direction, thereby opening the load switch and placing the timing means in condition for operation.
2. The combination recited in claim 1 in which energization of the electro-magnet by said master control means causes the electro-magnet to move in said second direction causing the timing means to run on its closure cycle to close the load switch.
3. The combination recited in claim 1 in which the means for instantly opening the load switch is powered independently of the electro-magnet and places the timing means in condition for operation.
4. In a control for a power operated device, the combination of, a main switch for controlling the power to said device, an electro-magnet, timing means including a timer motor and a timer motor switch therefore, means actuated by the electro-magnet on movement to a first position when the main switch is open for closing the timer motor switch to start the timing means, means actuated by the timing means after a period of time to close the main switch, means for opening the timer motor switch with the electro-magnet still in its first position after the main switch closes, means actuated by movement of the electro-magnet from the first position to the second position for opening said main switch independently of the timer motor, and means actuated upon opening of the main switch for rendering the electro-magnet capable of closing the timer motor switch when the electro-magnet again assumes its first position.
5. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch controlling the power to said device, said load switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the load switch and the other position causing opening thereof, means for actuating said switch operator, said actuating means including a timer motor, spring means wound by said timer motor, closing means actuated by the spring means for actuating the operator to close the switch and opening means capable of actuating the switch operator to open said switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, a timer motor switch connected to the timer motor, means includng an electro-magnet mechanically associated with said timer motor switch and said opening means in a manner to open the load switch and close the timer motor switch when the electromagnet moves in one direction, said electro-magnet also being movable in a second direction, and master control means associated with said electro-magnet, said master control means being arranged on assuming a first condition to cause movement of the electromagnet in the second direction and start the timer motor, means operated by the timer motor actuating said closing means a period of time thereafter, means for opening the timer motor switch after the load switch closes, said master control means, on assuming a second condition, causing movement of the electromagnet in the first direction to open the load switch and close the timer motor switch.
6. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch arranged to control the power to said device, a timer motor, means including a single throw type timer motor switch for stopping and starting the timer motor, an electro-magnet arranged to me chanically operate said timer motor switch, closing the same upon movement of the electro-magnet in one direction, control means connected to the electromagnet for controlling the same and arranged to selectively energize and deenergize said electro-magnet, causing it to move in said one direction or the opposite direction, said timer motor switch and timer motor being connected across a source of power independently of said control means, thereby causing operation of the timer motor at any time when the timer motor switch is closed, independently of said control means, means operated by the timer motor for closing the load switch after a predetermined closure cycle of the timer motor switch, means for opening the timer motor switch to stop the timer motor after closure of the load switch, means operated by movement of the electromagnet in said opposite direction for opening the load switch instantly and reclosing the timer motor switch, and means operated by the timer motor for reopening the timer motor switch after a period of time of closure thereof.
7. The combination recited in claim 6 in which energization of the electro-magnet by the control means causes the electro-magnet to move in said one direction causing the timer motor to run on its closure cycle to close the load switch.
8. The combination recited in claim 6 in which the means for instantly opening the load switch is powered independently of the electro-magnet and releases the timer motor switch.
9. In a control system for a power operated device, a main switch controlling the power operated device, said main switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the switch and the other position causing opening of said switch, timing means for actuating said switch operator, said timing means including a timer motor, a cam driven by said motor, said cam having a rise portion and a drop-off portion, a cam follower riding the cam, spring means wound by the cam follower when raised by the cam, closing means actuated by the spring means when the cam follower drops down the drop-off portion of the cam for closing said switch, opening means capable of opening said switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, switching means for controlling the timer motor, master control means, an electro-magnet controlled by said master control means, means operated by the electro-magnet in response to one condition at the master control means for closing said switching means to start the timer motor, causing the cam follower to drop down the drop-off portion of the cam and allow the closing means to be actuated by the spring means for closing the main switch, means for opening the timer motor switching means to stop the timer motor after closure of said main switch, means actuated by said electro-magnet in response to another condition of the master control means for causing the opening means to open the main switch, and means for reclosing the timer motor switching means when the main switch is opened.

Claims (9)

1. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch controlling the power to said device, said load switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the load switch and the other causing opening thereof, means for mechanically actuating said switch operator, said actuating means including timing means having a timer motor, spring means wound by the timer motor, closing means actuated by the spring means for actuating said operator to close the switch, and opening means capable of actuating the switch operator to open the switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, control means for the timing means capable of starting and stopping the same, means including an electro-magnet mechanically associated with said control means and said opening means in a manner to open the load switch and allOw operation of the timing means when the electromagnet moves in a first direction, said electro-magnet also being movable in a second direction, and master control means associated with said electro-magnet, said master control means being arranged on assuming a first condition to cause movement of the electro-magnet in the second direction and start the timing means, means operated by the timing means for actuating said closing means a period of time thereafter, means for stopping the timing means after the load switch closes, said master control means being arranged on assuming a second condition to cause movement of the electro-magnet in the first direction, thereby opening the load switch and placing the timing means in condition for operation.
2. The combination recited in claim 1 in which energization of the electro-magnet by said master control means causes the electro-magnet to move in said second direction causing the timing means to run on its closure cycle to close the load switch.
3. The combination recited in claim 1 in which the means for instantly opening the load switch is powered independently of the electro-magnet and places the timing means in condition for operation.
4. In a control for a power operated device, the combination of, a main switch for controlling the power to said device, an electro-magnet, timing means including a timer motor and a timer motor switch therefore, means actuated by the electro-magnet on movement to a first position when the main switch is open for closing the timer motor switch to start the timing means, means actuated by the timing means after a period of time to close the main switch, means for opening the timer motor switch with the electro-magnet still in its first position after the main switch closes, means actuated by movement of the electro-magnet from the first position to the second position for opening said main switch independently of the timer motor, and means actuated upon opening of the main switch for rendering the electro-magnet capable of closing the timer motor switch when the electro-magnet again assumes its first position.
5. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch controlling the power to said device, said load switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the load switch and the other position causing opening thereof, means for actuating said switch operator, said actuating means including a timer motor, spring means wound by said timer motor, closing means actuated by the spring means for actuating the operator to close the switch and opening means capable of actuating the switch operator to open said switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, a timer motor switch connected to the timer motor, means includng an electro-magnet mechanically associated with said timer motor switch and said opening means in a manner to open the load switch and close the timer motor switch when the electro-magnet moves in one direction, said electro-magnet also being movable in a second direction, and master control means associated with said electro-magnet, said master control means being arranged on assuming a first condition to cause movement of the electro-magnet in the second direction and start the timer motor, means operated by the timer motor actuating said closing means a period of time thereafter, means for opening the timer motor switch after the load switch closes, said master control means, on assuming a second condition, causing movement of the electro-magnet in the first direction to open the load switch and close the timer motor switch.
6. In a control system for a power operated device, the combination of, a power source for energizing said device, a load switch arranged to control the power to said device, a timer motor, means including a single throw type timer motor switch for stopping and starting the timer motor, An electro-magnet arranged to mechanically operate said timer motor switch, closing the same upon movement of the electro-magnet in one direction, control means connected to the electro-magnet for controlling the same and arranged to selectively energize and deenergize said electro-magnet, causing it to move in said one direction or the opposite direction, said timer motor switch and timer motor being connected across a source of power independently of said control means, thereby causing operation of the timer motor at any time when the timer motor switch is closed, independently of said control means, means operated by the timer motor for closing the load switch after a predetermined closure cycle of the timer motor switch, means for opening the timer motor switch to stop the timer motor after closure of the load switch, means operated by movement of the electro-magnet in said opposite direction for opening the load switch instantly and reclosing the timer motor switch, and means operated by the timer motor for reopening the timer motor switch after a period of time of closure thereof.
7. The combination recited in claim 6 in which energization of the electro-magnet by the control means causes the electro-magnet to move in said one direction causing the timer motor to run on its closure cycle to close the load switch.
8. The combination recited in claim 6 in which the means for instantly opening the load switch is powered independently of the electro-magnet and releases the timer motor switch.
9. In a control system for a power operated device, a main switch controlling the power operated device, said main switch having an operator movable between two positions, one position causing closure of the switch and the other position causing opening of said switch, timing means for actuating said switch operator, said timing means including a timer motor, a cam driven by said motor, said cam having a rise portion and a drop-off portion, a cam follower riding the cam, spring means wound by the cam follower when raised by the cam, closing means actuated by the spring means when the cam follower drops down the drop-off portion of the cam for closing said switch, opening means capable of opening said switch instantly after closure thereof and without requiring operation of the timer motor, switching means for controlling the timer motor, master control means, an electro-magnet controlled by said master control means, means operated by the electro-magnet in response to one condition at the master control means for closing said switching means to start the timer motor, causing the cam follower to drop down the drop-off portion of the cam and allow the closing means to be actuated by the spring means for closing the main switch, means for opening the timer motor switching means to stop the timer motor after closure of said main switch, means actuated by said electro-magnet in response to another condition of the master control means for causing the opening means to open the main switch, and means for reclosing the timer motor switching means when the main switch is opened.
US32171573 1973-01-08 1973-01-08 Control device and system Expired - Lifetime US3833818A (en)

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US32171573 US3833818A (en) 1973-01-08 1973-01-08 Control device and system
US45188674 US3930132A (en) 1973-01-08 1974-03-18 Program centralled, cam operated switch assembly
US45189674 US3922923A (en) 1973-01-08 1974-03-18 Automatic control operating mechanism

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5266841A (en) * 1991-10-31 1993-11-30 Reliance Time Controls, Inc. Switch assembly for a timing module
US5524448A (en) * 1994-04-28 1996-06-11 Schwanebeck; James W. Minimum off-time device for protecting refrigeration compressors after a power interruption
FR2774502A1 (en) * 1998-01-30 1999-08-06 Coupatan Delayed closure electric switch mechanism

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2268235A (en) * 1940-12-26 1941-12-30 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Time delay relay
US3135908A (en) * 1962-03-28 1964-06-02 John L Harris Control device
US3298192A (en) * 1965-07-01 1967-01-17 Carrier Corp Control apparatus with timing means for refrigeration systems
US3573486A (en) * 1969-08-14 1971-04-06 Deltrol Corp Condition control device and system
US3583173A (en) * 1969-10-17 1971-06-08 Fraser & Johnston Co Electric refrigeration and air-conditioning protection circuit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2268235A (en) * 1940-12-26 1941-12-30 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Time delay relay
US3135908A (en) * 1962-03-28 1964-06-02 John L Harris Control device
US3298192A (en) * 1965-07-01 1967-01-17 Carrier Corp Control apparatus with timing means for refrigeration systems
US3573486A (en) * 1969-08-14 1971-04-06 Deltrol Corp Condition control device and system
US3583173A (en) * 1969-10-17 1971-06-08 Fraser & Johnston Co Electric refrigeration and air-conditioning protection circuit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5266841A (en) * 1991-10-31 1993-11-30 Reliance Time Controls, Inc. Switch assembly for a timing module
US5524448A (en) * 1994-04-28 1996-06-11 Schwanebeck; James W. Minimum off-time device for protecting refrigeration compressors after a power interruption
FR2774502A1 (en) * 1998-01-30 1999-08-06 Coupatan Delayed closure electric switch mechanism

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