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US3831860A - Low flow volume shower head - Google Patents

Low flow volume shower head Download PDF

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Publication number
US3831860A
US3831860A US31604272A US3831860A US 3831860 A US3831860 A US 3831860A US 31604272 A US31604272 A US 31604272A US 3831860 A US3831860 A US 3831860A
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Prior art keywords
head
shower
disk
means
flow
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
G Gullaksen
G Jatho
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TWENTIETH CENTURY COMPANIES Inc A DE CORP
WRIGHTWAY Mfg CO
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WRIGHTWAY Mfg CO
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/30Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/02Plumbing installations for fresh water
    • E03C1/08Jet regulators or jet guides, e.g. anti-splash devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/02Plumbing installations for fresh water
    • E03C2001/026Plumbing installations for fresh water with flow restricting devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/02Plumbing installations for fresh water
    • E03C1/08Jet regulators or jet guides, e.g. anti-splash devices
    • E03C2001/082Outlets connected by an universal joint
    • Y02A20/414

Abstract

A low flow volume shower head wherein a disk having a flow restricting orifice extends across the water flow passage of the head so as to restrict the flow of water discharged from the head. The flow restricting disk is positioned upstream from a perforated, jet-forming disk that also extends across the flow passage. The area of the orifice in the flow restricting disk is less than the total area of the apertures in the perforated disk by a predetermined amount; the orifice in the flow restricting disk is spaced upstream from the jet-forming disk by a predetermined distance; and the space between the jet-forming disk and a portion of the flow restricting disk having the orifice therein is of a predetermined volume.

Description

nited States Patent 1 Guiiaksen et a1.

LOW FLOW VOLUME SHOWER HEAD Inventors: Gilbert V. Guliaksen, Monee;

George W. Jatho, Oak Lawn, both of I11.

Dec. 18, 1972 US. C1 239/500, 239/504, 239/5533,

int. C1 B50!) l/34, B05b 1/14 Field of Search 239/396, 427, 461, 472,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Aug. 27, 1974 3,224,793 12/1965 Benjamin 239/427 X 3,232,541 2/1966 Aghnides 239/427 3,322,352 5/1967 Alcantara 239/461 X Primary Examiner-Robert S. Ward, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hibben, Noyes 8: Bicknell 1 ABSHRACT A low flow volume shower head wherein a disk having a flow restricting orifice extends across the water flow passage of the head so as to restrict the flow of water discharged from the head. The flow restricting disk is positioned upstream from a perforated, jet-forming disk that also extends across the flow passage. The area of the orifice in the flow restricting disk is less than the total area of the apertures in the perforated disk by a predetermined amount; the orifice in the flow restricting disk is spaced upstream from the jetforming disk by a predetermined distance; and the space between the jet-forming disk and a portion of the flow restricting disk having the: orifice therein is of a predetermined volume.

10 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures LOW FLOW VOLUME SHOWER HEAD This invention relates to shower heads, and more particularly relates to a shower head having a restricted flow capacity for water conservation purposes.

The current concern with matters affecting the ecology and natural resources has resulted in the creation of many new, and the redesign of many existing, devices in order to give effect to these considerations. Fresh water is one of the natural resources that is presently the subject of extensive conservation efforts, some of which are now being directed to devices which curtail or restrict excessive domestic use of fresh water. In this regard, physicians and sanitation workers have heretofore advocated the use of showers, instead of tub bathing, as a preferred form of personal cleanliness. However, even though showers are usually less wasteful of water than tub bathing, large quantities of water can be used during showering, particularly in areas where high pressures are maintained in the water mains. Consequently, there has been and there is now a progressively growing need for a shower producing device for domestic, institutional and industrial use, which will limit the volume of water delivered and thereby assist in the conservation of this resource.

Accordingly, it is a general object of the present invention to provide a novel shower head construction having a restricted flow capacity which prevents the use of excessive amounts of water.

Another object is to provide a novel shower head of the foregoing character, wherein the normal shower producing characteristics thereof are unchanged.

A further object is to provide a novel shower head of the character described, which is simple in construction, reliable in operation and economical to manufacture.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following detailed description and accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the outlet end of a shower pipe having a control valve assembly connected thereto and a swivel shower head embodying the features of the present invention connected to the control valve assembly;

FIG. 2 is a somewhat enlarged, fragmentary, longitudinal sectional view taken along the line 22 of FIG.

FIGS. 3 and 4 are fragmentary, transverse, sectional views taken substantially along the lines 3-3 and 4-4, respectively, of FIG. 2; and

FIGS. 5 and 6 are perspective views of the water conserving and spray generating parts of the shower head illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.

In FIG. 1, a low flow volume shower head embodying the features of the present invention is illustrated and indicated generally at 10. The shower head 10, in the present instance, is shown connected to the socket portion 11 of a swivel assembly 12. The connecting portion, indicated at 13, of the swivel assembly 12 may, for example, be connected to the lower end of a flow control valve assembly 14 having a plunger 16 that is laterally shiftably mounted therein. Movement of the plunger 16 in opposite directions serves to progressively open or close a flow passage (not shown) in the valve. Consequently, the amount of water flowing through the shower head can be regulated, depending upon the position of the plunger. The upper end of the control valve 14 is shown threaded onto the lower or discharge end of a shower pipe 17.

Referring now to FIG. 2, it will be seen that the shower head 10 comprises an elongated tubular body or casing 21 having a central, axially extending bore 22 therethrough comprising passage means through the body. The upper end of the bore 22 is counterbored as at 23 to define a shoulder 24, and the upper portion of the counterbore 23 is threaded as at 26 to receive the externally threaded lower tubular portion 27 of the swivel assembly socket portion 11, or the threaded terminal end of a water supply conduit, such as the shower pipe 17. The lower end of the bore 22 may be counterbored or undercut, as at 28, to soften the stream discharging from the shower head 10, as will be described more fully hereinafter.

In order to convert the flow of water from the conduit 17 into a plurality of discrete jets, jet-forming means is provided in the body 21. Such jet-forming means, in the present instance, comprises a plate member or disk 40 having at least one and preferably a plurality of apertures 42 therethrough. The diameter of the disk 40 is greater than the diameter of the bore 22 and somewhat less than that of the counterbore 23 so that the disk 40 is marginally retained on the shoulder 24 when the disk is mounted in the body.

As best seen in FIGS. 4 and 6, twelve apertures 42 are provided in the disk 40, the apertures being arranged in a ring in equidistant, circumferentially spaced relation with the center of the ring concentric with that of the disk 40. According to the illustrated specific embodiment of the invention, the diameter of each aperture is about 0.046 inches so that the total area of the apertures is about 0.0199 square inches. The distance between the centers of each diametrically oppositely arranged pair of apertures is about 0.405 inches.

With the foregoing construction, it will be apparent that water entering the upper endl of the body 21 will be converted into a plurality of discrete jets upon passing through the ring of apertures 42 in the disk 40, the jets issuing from the lower end of the body 21 in a conical pattern. The angle of divergence of the jets is such that when the shower head 10 is positioned about 7 feet above the floor, a circular pattern having a diameter of approximately 18 inches will be formed on the floor. The counterbore or undercut 28 provides an annular space or void surrounding the jets of water issuing from the apertures 42, which serves to soften the stream by causing a partial aeration thereof.

According to the present invention, the shower head 10 includes orifice means for restricting the flow of water through the head so that, for a given line 'pressure, a substantial reduction in the volume of the water discharged from the head is achieved. Such orifice means, in the present instance, comprises another plate-like member or disk 50 of substantially the same diameter as the disk 40 and having a central opening 52 therethrough of smaller cross sectional area than the total cross sectional area of the apertures 42. Thus, assuming that the total cross sectional area of-the ring of apertures 42 in the disk 40 is about 0.0199 square inches, the area of the opening 52 in the disk 50 is preferably about 0.0143 square inches, which is about 28 percent less than the cross sectional area of the apertures 42. However, the aforementioned percentage difference between the cross sectional areas of the apertures 42 and opening 52 could vary plus or minus 10 percent.

Since the distance between the centers of each diametrically oppositely arranged pair of the apertures 42 is about 0.405 inches, as previously described, and, since the center of the ring of apertures 42 is concentric with that of the opening 52 and the latter is preferably circular in form and has an area of about 0.0143 square inches, the apertures 42 are spaced radially outwardly of the opening 52. This relationship is best seen in FIG. 4.

In addition to the foregoing relationship, the opening 52 is spaced upstream from the upper surface of the disk 40 on which the disk 50 rests by about 0.063 inches plus or minus about 10 percent or between about 0.069 inches and 0.057 inches. To This end, at least a portion of the disk 50, in this instance the central portion 53 thereof, is displaced or bulged in an upstream direction from the margin, indicated at 54, of the disk to provide the aforementioned desired spacing between the opening 52 and disk 40. In the present instance, the central portion 53 comprises a portion of a hollow sphere having an inside radius of curvature of about 0.665 inches. When the margin 54 of the disk is resting on the upper surface of the disk 40, the volume of .the space, indicated at 55, between the central portion 53 of the disk 50 and the upper surface of the disk 40 is about 0.00803 cubic inches plus about percent or minus about 2 percent. In other words, the volume of the space 55 may be within the range of about 0.00843 to about 0.00787 cubic inches.

It will be understood that the aforementioned upstream spacing of the opening 52 from the upper surface of the disk 40 and the volume of the space 55 could be provided by forming the central portion 53 of the disk 50 to some shape other than that shown in FIG. 2, or could be formed without any displacement of the central portion 53 relative to the peripheral portion 57. For example, the central portion 53 could be made cylindrical, instead of a segment of a sphere, or could be flat with an appropriately sized washer interposed between the margins of the disks.

In FIG. 2, the disks 40 and 50 are shown held on the shoulder 24 in the body 21 by the lower end 27 of the swivel assembly socket portion ll 1 and by the lower end of a cylindrical gasket 56 in the socket portion. A sealing washer 57 may be provided between the upper surface of the margin 54 of the disk 50 and the engaging structure of the socket portion lll.

Since the area of the opening 52 in the flow restricting disk 50 is about 28 percent less than the total area of the apertures 42 in the disk 40, plus or minus about percent, a significant restricting or choking action of the flow through the shower head 10 is obtained. Tests have shown that when the flow restricting disk 50 is present in the shower head 10 and the line pressure of water at the head is about 10 pounds per square inch, the volume of water discharged by the shower head is about percent less than the amount that would be discharged if the disk 50 were not present. Moreover, if the flow restricting disk 50 is present and the shower head 10 is operating at a line pressure of about 100 pounds per square inch, the volume of water discharged is about 33- /a percent less than the amount that would be discharged if the disk 50 were omitted.

While only one embodiment of the invention has been herein illustrated and described in detail, it will be understood that modifications and variations thereof may be effected without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A low flow volume shower head comprising, a tubular shower head body having an inlet end adapted to be connected to a source ofliquid under pressure, a liquid outlet end spaced from said inlet end, and a bore therethrough extending between said ends, said bore defining passage means extending between said inlet and outlet ends of said body, jet-forming means disposed in said passage means between said ends for converting liquid entering said inlet end into a plurality of discrete jets, and orifice means disposed in said passage means upstream from said jet-forming means for re stricting the volume of liquid flowing through said passage means and out of said outlet end, the cross sectional area of said orifice means being less than the total cross sectional area of said jet-forming means, and the portion of said passage means downstream from said jet forming means coacting with said jets to control the angle of dispersion of the flow discharging from the outlet end of said body, whereby the volume of liquid flowing through said shower head is restricted at all times by said orifice means and the stream of liquid discharging from the outlet end of said body is in a predetermined pattern.

2. The shower head of claim 1, further characterized in that said jet-forming means comprises a plate member extending across said passage means and having a plurality of apertures therein, and said orifice means comprises another plate member extending across said passage means and having a central opening therein, the apertures in said first mentioned plate member being spaced radially outwardly of the opening in said other plate member.

3. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that said apertures in said first mentioned plate member are arranged in a ring, said opening in said other plate member is concentric withv the center of said ring of apertures, and the diameter of said portion of said passage means downstream from said first mentioned plate member is greater than the diameter of said ring of apertures.

4. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that the cross sectional area of said opening is about 28 percent less than the total cross sectional area of said apertures plus or minus about l0 percent.

5. The shower head of claim 4, further characterized in that cross sectional area of said opening is about 0.0143 square inches, and the total cross sectional area of said apertures is about 0.0199 square inches.

6. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that opening in said other plate-like member is spaced upstream from said first-mentioned plate member by about 0.063 inches plus or minus about 10 percent.

7. The shower head of claim 6, further characterized in that at least the portion of said other plate-like member having said opening therein is spaced in an upstream direction from said first-mentioned plate-like member to provide a space therebetween, and the volume of said space is about 0.00803 cubic inches plus about 5 percent or minus about 2 percent.

said other plate-like member comprises a portion of a spherical surface.

10. The shower head of claim 1, further characterized in that the end of said bore adjacent to the outlet end of said body is counterbored, and said counterbore coacts with said jets to effect partial aeration of the liquid stream discharging from the outlet end of said body.

Claims (10)

1. A low flow volume shower head comprising, a tubular shower head body having an inlet end adapted to be connected to a source of liquid under pressure, a liquid outlet end spaced from said inlet end, and a bore therethrough extending between said ends, said bore defining passage means extending between said inlet and outlet ends of said body, jet-forming means disposed in said passage means between said ends for converting liquid entering said inlet end into a plurality of discrete jets, and orifice means disposed in said passage means upstream from said jetforming means for restricting the volume of liquid flowing through said passage means and out of said outlet end, the cross sectional area of said orifice means being less than the total cross sectional area of said jet-forming means, and the portion of said passage means downstream from said jet forming means coacting with said jets to control the angle of dispersion of the flow discharging from the outlet end of said body, whereby the volume of liquid flowing through said shower head is restricted at all times by said orifice means and the stream of liquid discharging from the outlet end of said body is in a predetermined pattern.
2. The shower head of claim 1, further characterized in that said jet-forming means comprises a plate member extending across said passage means and having a plurality of apertures therein, and said orifice means comprises another plate member extending across said passage means and having a central opening therein, the apertures in said first mentioned plate member being spaced radially outwardly of the opening in said other plate member.
3. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that said apertures in said first mentioned plate member are arranged in a ring, said opening in said other plate member is concentric with the center of said ring of apertures, and the diameter of said portion of said passage means downstream from said first mentioned plate member is greater than the diameter of said ring of apertures.
4. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that the cross sectional area of said opening is about 28 percent less than the total cross sectional area of said apertures plus or minus about 10 percent.
5. The shower head of claim 4, further characterized in that cross sectional area of said opening is about 0.0143 square inches, and the total cross sectional area of said apertures is about 0.0199 square inches.
6. The shower head of claim 2, further characterized in that opening in said other plate-like member is spaced upstream from said first-mentioned plate member by about 0.063 inches plus or minus about 10 percent.
7. The shower head of claim 6, further characterized in that at least the portion of said other plate-like member having said opening therein is spaced in an upstream direction from said first-mentioned plate-like member to provide a space therebetween, and the volume of said space is about 0.00803 cubic inches plus about 5 percent or minus about 2 percent.
8. The shower head of claim 7, further characterized in that only the central portion of said other plate-like member is displaced in an upstream direction from said first-mentioned plate member to define said space therebetween, the peripheral portion of said other plate-like member engaging the upstream side of said first-mentioned plate member.
9. The shower head of claim 8, further characterized in that the downstream side of said central portion of said other plate-like member comprises a portion of a spherical surface.
10. The shower head of claim 1, further characterized in that the end of said bore adjacent to the outlet end of said body is counterbored, and said counterbore coacts with said jets to effect partial aeration of the liquid stream discharging from the outlet end of said body.
US3831860A 1972-12-18 1972-12-18 Low flow volume shower head Expired - Lifetime US3831860A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145004A (en) * 1977-10-13 1979-03-20 Idr Enterprises, Inc. Showerheads
US4272022A (en) * 1979-10-17 1981-06-09 Zin-Plas Corporation Showerhead with replaceable housing
DE3133267A1 (en) * 1981-08-22 1983-03-03 Grohe Kg Hans Water-discharge fitting, in particular for sanitary purposes
US4523718A (en) * 1980-03-03 1985-06-18 Pearson H Alton Showerhead
US4568027A (en) * 1983-05-13 1986-02-04 Hydralast Products, Inc. Fluid spray-forming device
US4593857A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-06-10 Plassim Limited Irrigation emitter unit
US4830790A (en) * 1987-11-04 1989-05-16 Co-Son Industries Foam generating nozzle
US4941492A (en) * 1989-05-18 1990-07-17 Morgan Dale D Razor blade rinsing device
US5291907A (en) * 1992-10-01 1994-03-08 Clark Raymond S Scuba equipment rinse nozzle
US5383597A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-01-24 Ford Motor Company Apparatus and method for controlling the cone angle of an atomized spray from a low pressure fuel injector
US5449114A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-09-12 Ford Motor Company Method and structure for optimizing atomization quality of a low pressure fuel injector
US5549822A (en) * 1995-01-13 1996-08-27 Ferguson; George E. Shower filter apparatus
US5788161A (en) * 1994-04-15 1998-08-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Fuel injection nozzle for internal combustion engines
US5816497A (en) * 1996-11-07 1998-10-06 Water Management Equipment Ltd. Water-saving diffuser and water distribution system having water fixtures with variable water-saving diffusers
DE19805691A1 (en) * 1998-02-12 1999-08-19 Jaekel Baffle plate in water taps
US6241166B1 (en) * 1999-03-27 2001-06-05 Purdie Elcock Limited Shower head rose
US20030006318A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2003-01-09 Sirkin Theodore M. Flow controllable shower stem
US20060219822A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-10-05 Alsons Corporation Dual volume shower head system
US20090277521A1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2009-11-12 Neoperl Gmbh Outlet nozzle
EP2275785B1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2016-10-19 Bürkert Werke GmbH Modular unit
US20170301515A1 (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-19 Lam Research Corporation Baffle plate and showerhead assemblies and corresponding manufacturing method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2256729A (en) * 1937-10-18 1941-09-23 Thompson Mfg Company Multiple jet sprinkler
US2316832A (en) * 1934-12-04 1943-04-20 Aghnides Elie Fluid mixing device
US2849217A (en) * 1954-08-13 1958-08-26 Chicago Specialty Mfg Co Aerators
US3138332A (en) * 1962-05-14 1964-06-23 Price Pfister Brass Mfg Compan Aerator for faucets or the like
US3224793A (en) * 1961-07-13 1965-12-21 Wrightway Engineering Co Swivel mounting for aerating device or the like
US3232541A (en) * 1961-01-24 1966-02-01 Elie P Aghnides Fluid mixing device
US3322352A (en) * 1965-02-01 1967-05-30 Alcantara Jose Maria Araluce Sprayer for shower bath

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2316832A (en) * 1934-12-04 1943-04-20 Aghnides Elie Fluid mixing device
US2256729A (en) * 1937-10-18 1941-09-23 Thompson Mfg Company Multiple jet sprinkler
US2849217A (en) * 1954-08-13 1958-08-26 Chicago Specialty Mfg Co Aerators
US3232541A (en) * 1961-01-24 1966-02-01 Elie P Aghnides Fluid mixing device
US3224793A (en) * 1961-07-13 1965-12-21 Wrightway Engineering Co Swivel mounting for aerating device or the like
US3138332A (en) * 1962-05-14 1964-06-23 Price Pfister Brass Mfg Compan Aerator for faucets or the like
US3322352A (en) * 1965-02-01 1967-05-30 Alcantara Jose Maria Araluce Sprayer for shower bath

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145004A (en) * 1977-10-13 1979-03-20 Idr Enterprises, Inc. Showerheads
US4272022A (en) * 1979-10-17 1981-06-09 Zin-Plas Corporation Showerhead with replaceable housing
US4523718A (en) * 1980-03-03 1985-06-18 Pearson H Alton Showerhead
DE3133267A1 (en) * 1981-08-22 1983-03-03 Grohe Kg Hans Water-discharge fitting, in particular for sanitary purposes
US4568027A (en) * 1983-05-13 1986-02-04 Hydralast Products, Inc. Fluid spray-forming device
US4593857A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-06-10 Plassim Limited Irrigation emitter unit
US4830790A (en) * 1987-11-04 1989-05-16 Co-Son Industries Foam generating nozzle
US4941492A (en) * 1989-05-18 1990-07-17 Morgan Dale D Razor blade rinsing device
US5291907A (en) * 1992-10-01 1994-03-08 Clark Raymond S Scuba equipment rinse nozzle
US5383597A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-01-24 Ford Motor Company Apparatus and method for controlling the cone angle of an atomized spray from a low pressure fuel injector
US5449114A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-09-12 Ford Motor Company Method and structure for optimizing atomization quality of a low pressure fuel injector
US5788161A (en) * 1994-04-15 1998-08-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Fuel injection nozzle for internal combustion engines
US5549822A (en) * 1995-01-13 1996-08-27 Ferguson; George E. Shower filter apparatus
US5839662A (en) * 1996-11-07 1998-11-24 Water Management Equipment Ltd. Water distribution system with variable water-saving diffusers
US5816497A (en) * 1996-11-07 1998-10-06 Water Management Equipment Ltd. Water-saving diffuser and water distribution system having water fixtures with variable water-saving diffusers
DE19805691A1 (en) * 1998-02-12 1999-08-19 Jaekel Baffle plate in water taps
US6241166B1 (en) * 1999-03-27 2001-06-05 Purdie Elcock Limited Shower head rose
GB2348382B (en) * 1999-03-27 2002-11-20 Purdie Elcock Ltd Shower head rose
US20030006318A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2003-01-09 Sirkin Theodore M. Flow controllable shower stem
US7854399B2 (en) * 2001-01-05 2010-12-21 Sirkin Theodore M Flow controllable shower arm
US20060219822A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-10-05 Alsons Corporation Dual volume shower head system
US20090277521A1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2009-11-12 Neoperl Gmbh Outlet nozzle
US8109449B2 (en) * 2006-07-19 2012-02-07 Neoperl Gmbh Outlet nozzle
US8430342B2 (en) 2006-07-19 2013-04-30 Neoperl Gmbh Outlet nozzle
EP2275785B1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2016-10-19 Bürkert Werke GmbH Modular unit
US20170301515A1 (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-19 Lam Research Corporation Baffle plate and showerhead assemblies and corresponding manufacturing method

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AS Assignment

Owner name: TWENTIETH CENTURY COMPANIES, INC., A DE. CORP.

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:BEATRICE COMPANIES, INC., A DE. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004713/0819

Effective date: 19870501