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Dispenser for precisely metered dispensing of viscous fluids

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US3828980A
US3828980A US30382672A US3828980A US 3828980 A US3828980 A US 3828980A US 30382672 A US30382672 A US 30382672A US 3828980 A US3828980 A US 3828980A
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piston
pistons
ribs
compartments
dispenser
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A Creighton
W Devaney
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CHEM DEV CORP
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CHEM DEV CORP
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C17/00Hand tools or apparatus using hand held tools, for applying liquids or other fluent materials to, for spreading applied liquids or other fluent materials on, or for partially removing applied liquids or other fluent materials from, surfaces
    • B05C17/005Hand tools or apparatus using hand held tools, for applying liquids or other fluent materials to, for spreading applied liquids or other fluent materials on, or for partially removing applied liquids or other fluent materials from, surfaces for discharging material from a reservoir or container located in or on the hand tool through an outlet orifice by pressure without using surface contacting members like pads or brushes
    • B05C17/00593Hand tools of the syringe type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/32Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents for packaging two or more different materials which must be maintained separate prior to use in admixture
    • B65D81/325Containers having parallel or coaxial compartments, provided with a piston or a movable bottom for discharging contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C17/00Hand tools or apparatus using hand held tools, for applying liquids or other fluent materials to, for spreading applied liquids or other fluent materials on, or for partially removing applied liquids or other fluent materials from, surfaces
    • B05C17/005Hand tools or apparatus using hand held tools, for applying liquids or other fluent materials to, for spreading applied liquids or other fluent materials on, or for partially removing applied liquids or other fluent materials from, surfaces for discharging material from a reservoir or container located in or on the hand tool through an outlet orifice by pressure without using surface contacting members like pads or brushes
    • B05C17/00503Details of the outlet element
    • B05C17/00516Shape or geometry of the outlet orifice or the outlet element

Abstract

A dispenser is disclosed for the precise metering of a plurality of viscous fluids, such as the components of an epoxy adhesive in which small amounts to be metered are desired and the proportion of components is critical. The dispenser includes a cartridge, a plurality of pistons operatively located in cylindrical compartments in the cartridge, and means for connecting the ends of the pistons and maintaining the pistons in alignment during dispensing. The cartridge includes a plurality of adjacent cylindrical compartments having adjoining walls, a rear wall at one end of the compartments and having annular openings therein of a diameter equal to the diameter of the respective cylindrical compartments, and forward end closures having orifices leasing through channels to adjacent nozzles. The pistons include a piston drive tab, longitudinal ribs and radial ribs, and a piston head providing sealing means in engagement with the walls of its respective cylindrical compartment. An important aspect is that the longitudinal and radial ribs extend radially from the axis of the piston substantially as far as the radius of the respective cylindrical compartment, in order to reduce the possibility of misalignment of the pistons during dispensing. In addition, misalignment forces are also minimized by the provision of finger tabs on each side of the cartridge spaced equally from the mean thrust axis of the pistons and positioned adjacent to the rear wall of the cartridge.

Description

United States Patent [191 Creighton et a1.

[111 3,828,980 Aug, 13, 1974 DISPENSER FOR PRECISELY METERED DISPENSING OF VISCOUS FLUIDS [75] Inventors: Albert M. Creighton, Manchester;

William D. Devaney, Methuen, all of Mass.

{73] Assignee: Chemical Development Corporation,

Danvers, Mass.

[22] Filed: Nov. 6, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 303,826

1/1970 Smith, Jr. et a1 128/218 R Primary Examiner-Stanley H. Tollberg Assistant Examiner-Joseph .l. Rolla [57] ABSTRACT A dispenser is disclosed for the, precise metering of a plurality of viscous fluids, suchas the components of an epoxy adhesive in which small amounts to be metered are desired and the proportion of components is critical. The dispenser includes a cartridge, a plurality of pistons operatively located in cylindrical compartments in the cartridge, and means for connecting the ends of the pistons and maintaining the pistons in alignment during dispensing. The cartridge includes a plurality of adjacent cylindrical compartments having adjoining walls, a rear wall at one end of the compartments and having annular openings therein of a diameter equal to the diameterof the respective cylindrical compartments, and forward end closures having orifices leasing through channels to adjacent nozzles. The pistons include a piston drive tab, longitudinal ribs and radial ribs, and a piston head providing sealing means in engagement with the walls of its respective cylindrical compartment. An important aspect is that the longitudinal and radial ribs extend radially from the axis of the piston substantially as far as the radius of the respective cylindrical compartment, in order to reduce the possibility of misalignment of the pistons during dispensing. In addition, misalignment forces are also minimized by the provision of finger tabs on each side of the cartridge spaced equally from the mean thrust axis of the pistons and positioned adjacent to the rear wall of the cartridge.

1 Claim, 9 Drawing Figures DISPENSER FOR PRECISELY METERED DISPENSING OF VISCOUS FLUIDS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Epoxy adhesives and other multi-component adhesives have been available for some time, and many attempts have been made to package them in dispensers which facilitate dispensing of the product components in proper ratio. A particular problem is the metering of very small amounts because often only a drop is required, but the chance of human error in metering the correct proportion increases drastically as the amounts decrease. This has resulted in the past in much needless waste of adhesive. Although many devices have been suggested for this purpose, none have proved successful for the mass scale consumer and industrial markets for epoxy adhesives, and even today virtually all of these products are sold in two separate tube units. With such separate tube units, the user must use his judgment to dispense equal amounts from each tube and mix the components prior to application of the product. In order to do this he must squeeze out a fairly substantial quantity of both ingredients, and then mix them. It is practically impossible by the two tube method accurately to squeeze out sufficiently small amounts sufficiently close to each other to avoid the need for a mixing step.

It is therefore a major objective of the present invention to provide a dispenser which may be employed by the average user, for epoxy adhesives and other multicomponent systems in the accurate dispensing of extremely small quantities, and to avoid the need for a mixing step in certain cases.

US. Pat. No. 3,166,221, issued in 1965 to H. Nielsen, is directed to a double-tube dispensing container, which in several superficial aspects is similar to the dispenser of the present invention. The dispenser disclosed therein consists of a rigid tube or cartridge member, and a housing member. As the product is dispensed, the housing member slides over the cartridge member, forcing two shafts through the compartments of the cartridge member and expelling the contents thereof. We have found that the Nielsen device, while capable of dispensing multi-component products, is not completely satisfactory, and is difficult to use for several reasons. First, proper alignment of the two pistons depends upon proper engagement of the housing member and the cartridge member during dispensing, which engagement is not sufficient for accurate alignment at the start of the piston stroke. At the start of the stroke the user must stretch his fingers to span the entire length of the cartridge member and housing member, in order to apply squeezing pressure along the mean drive axis of the housing. This is virtually impossible to do with one hand and without simultaneously obstructing the line of sight to the point of application.

We have found in the dispenser of the present invention, due to the cooperative relationship between the longitudinal and radial ribs which extend radially substantially across the full radius of the cylindrical compartments, the rigid connecting means between the pistons, and the finger tabs at the sides of the rear wall of the cartridge spaced equally from the mean drive axis of the pistons, that it is possible to obtain accurate dispensing of very small amounts, using one hand only and without interfering with the line of sight to the point of application, and that this accurate dispensing is feasible throughout the full stroke of the pistons.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The dispenser of the present invention consists of three parts: (a) a cartridge having two or more cylindrical compartments; ([7) a corresponding number of pistons; and (0) means for connecting the pistons during dispensing.

The cartridge includes adjacent cylindrical compartments having adjoining walls, a rear wall at one end of the compartments and having annular openings of a diameter equal the cylindrical compartment diameters, and forward end closures for the compartments. An orifice is located in each forward end closure leading to a nozzle through channels. As sold the nozzles are sealed and the seals are broken by the user before use. The product can then be dispensed through adjacent nozzles. There may be provided together with the present dispenser, a stopper-type closure to close the respective nozzles after use.

The piston includes a piston drive tab, longitudinal ribs and radial ribs, and a piston head. The piston head, in engagement with the inner walls of a cylindrical compartment, provides sealing means during dispensing of the product. The longitudinal and radial ribs extend radially from the axis of the piston substantially as far as the radius of its respective cylindrical compartment, which is important in ensuring proper alignment of the plural pistons during dispensing.

Finally, rigid connecting means are provided for connecting the piston tabs rigidly in a common plane, substantially throughout the stroke of the pistons.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view, partially cut away, of a two-compartment dispenser of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a view taken in cross section along lines 2-2 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an isometric view of one of the pistons shown in FIG. 1.

FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate the rigid connecting means employed in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1.

FIGS. 6a and 6b illustrate two alternative orientations of the two pistons in a embodiment, such as shown in FIG. 1; 6a showing an oblique alignment of the longitudinal ribs with respect to the plane formed by the axes of the two compartments, and 61) showing perpendicular alignment.

FIGS. 7 and 8 illustrate a closure stopper for use with the dispenser shown in FIG. 1, after the original orifices have been cut by the user.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION FIG. 1 illustrates in detail the present dispenser, in the form of a two-component dispenser, partially cut away.

The dispenser includes a cartridge 10, two pistons 11 and connecting means 12 for the pistons 11. Cartridge 10 has a rear wall 13 with cylindrical openings 14 and 15, cylindrical compartments l6 and 17, and forward end closures l8 and 19. End closures 18 and 19 have orifices 20 and 21 respectively leading into central channels 23 and 24 to nozzle orifices 25 and 26 respectively. The nozzle orifices 25 and 26 are initially sealed at 27 and 28 respectively. These seals will be cut off by the user along the plane of nozzle orifices 25 and 26, prior to use.

Dispensing pistons 11 (see also FIG. 3) include piston drive tabs 30 and 31, sets of longitudinal ribs 32 and 33, sets of radial ribs 34 and 35, and piston heads 36 and 37. Piston head 36, shown cut away in FIG. 1, is constructed of ribs 38 and piston seal 39, conveniently made of flexible rubber material.

Rigid connecting means 12 holds piston drive tabs 30 and 31 in a common plane during dispensing.

Referring now to FIG. 2, it can be seen that longitudinal ribs 32 and 33 and radial ribs 34 and 35 extend radially from the axis of the piston substantially as far as the radius of the respective cylindrical compartments 16 and 17. In other words, the outer edges of the radial and longitudinal ribs are nearly in contact with the inner surface of cylinder walls 40 and 41. It can also be seen in FIG. 2 that the orifices 20 and 21 are substantially adjacent and lie on either side of common wall 42 between the two cylindrical compartments 16 and 17.

The relationship between the longitudinal and radial ribs of the piston 11 is shown more clearly in isometric perspective in FIG. 3. It can be seen also (FIGS. 1 and 2) that the ribs provide support to prevent tilting or radial displacement of the piston during dispensing. Preferably, the radial ribs 34 are spaced equally along the length of the piston, and longitudinal ribs 32 are oriented at right angles to one another.

FIGS. 4 and illustrate the details of the rigid connecting means 12. connecting means 12 is composed of a rear wall 43 and two front walls 44 which together define grooves 45, for engagement with the edges of piston drive tabs 30 and 31. Preferably, piston connector 12 is extruded from rigid plastic material, such as high density polyethylene, which can be molded or cut to an appropriate section to form the connector.

In addition, the rear wall 13 of the cartridge is constructed to extend laterally of the cartridge at 22 to provide finger tabs spaced equally from the mean drive axis of the pistons. This means that the user can with a single hand place his thumb centrally against connecting means 12, and squeeze with a finger at each tab 22 to provide a dispensing force without tending to tilt the pistons even when the pistons are fully extended, without having to reach the full length of the dispenser, and without obstructing the view of the point of application.

Accordingly, it will be seen that there is an advantageous functional relationship between the ribs of the pistons, the rigid connecting means, and the finger tabs which act interdependently to maintain the pistons in alignment during the entire dispensing operation. In addition, such small amounts can be dispensed in this fashion in such close juxtaposition that a single wipe with a knife blade, or virtually no mixing, is sufficient. In this way accurate, rapid, and waste free dispensing is achieved.

FIGS. 6a and 6b illustrate alternative arrangements of the two pistons of dispenser 10, each of which obtains a certain advantage. In FIG. 6a, the pistons are arranged such that longitudinal ribs 32 and 33 are aligned obliquely with the plane formed by the two axes of pistons 11. In this alignment, it is possible to have circular piston tabs 30 and 31 with notch 47 being cut from only tab 31, while at the same time permitting their engagement in a common plane with connector 12. On the other hand, FIG. 6b illustrates the longitudinal ribs 32 and 33 in perpendicular alignment, i.e., with one set of ribs in the plane of the two piston axes and with another set of ribs perpendicular thereto. With this arrangement, circular tabs are also possible, but with a notch 46 cut into each one, thereby permitting their alignment in a common plane with connector 12. The perpendicular arrangement in FIG. 6b, from a structural point of view, is preferable to that of FIG. 6a, because the longitudinal ribs 32 and 33 which lie in the common plane of the piston axes are in best alignment to prevent tilting of the pistons in the direction of that plane. However, the arrangement in FIG. 6a may be referable economically, because only one notch need be cut in the circular tab 31, and tab 30 need not be notched, in order that the two tabs be aligned in a common plane with connector 12. Of course, we do not intend to limit our invention to any particular shape of the piston tabs by illustrating these two preferred embodiments, but only to show some of the advantages possible with the present concept.

FIGS. 7 and 8 show the details of a simple sealing means which can be employed after the seals 27 and 28 have been cut from the dispenser 10 as shown in FIG. 1. Closure 48 has two stoppers 49, which may be inserted into nozzles 25 and 26 to seal the dispenser after use and before subsequent use.

It is preferable that the dispenser of the present invention, with the exception of the piston heads 36 and 37, be made from rigid plastic material, such as highdensity polyethylene Conveniently, the cartridge 10 may be injection molded, and the connecting means 12, may be extruded and cut from a long extruded portion. One particular advantage of material such as polyethylene for the dispenser is that, because of poor adhesion between epoxy and polyethylene, it is quite simple for the user to remove a plug of cured material from the ends of nozzles 25 and 26. Piston heads 36 and 37 are preferably of a resilient rubber-like material, such as commonly used in similar syringe pistons, in order to provide a secure seal with the inner wall surface of the cylindrical compartments, during dispensing of the materials.

We claim:

1. A dispenser for precisely metered dispensing of small quantities of a plurality of viscous fluids stored therein within segregated compartments, which comprises:

a. a cartridge including a plurality of adjacent cylindrical compartments having adjoining walls, a rear wall at one end of said compartments and having annular openings communicating with and of diameter equal to the diameter of the respective compartments, forward end closures for said compartments each having an orifice, leading through a channel to a nozzle;

. a corresponding plurality of pistons of corresponding length to said compartments including a piston drive tab, longitudinal ribs and radial ribs, and a piston head, wherein said piston head provides sealing means in engagement with its respective compartment, and wherein said longitudinal and radial ribs extend radially from the axis of said piston substantially as far as the radius of the respective cylindrical compartment; and c. means for maintaining said pistons in fixed relationship in said compartments throughout the stroke of said pistons comprising means for connecting the piston drive tabs rigidly in a common plane wherein said means is extruded plastic and comprises a rear wall and two front walls defining two grooves for engagement with the edges of said

Claims (1)

1. A dispenser for precisely metered dispensing of small quantities of a plurality of viscous fluids stored therein within segregated compartments, which comprises: a. a cartridge including a plurality of adjacent cylindrical compartments having adjoining walls, a rear wall at one end of said compartments and having annular openings communicating with and of diameter equal to the diameter of the respective compartments, forward end closures for said compartments each having an orifice, leading through a channel to a nozzle; b. a corresponding plurality of pistons of corresponding length to said compartments including a piston drive tab, longitudinal ribs and radial ribs, and a piston head, wherein said piston head provides sealing means in engagement with its respective compartment, and wherein said longitudinal and radial ribs extend radially from the axis of said piston substantially as far as the radius of the respective cylindrical compartment; and c. means for maintaining said pistons in fixed relationship in said compartments throughout the stroke of said pistons comprising means for connecting the piston drive tabs rigidly in a common plane wherein said means is extruded plastic and comprises a rear wall and two front walls defining two grooves for engagement with the edges of said piston tabs.
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US4734261A (en) * 1985-01-29 1988-03-29 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Duplex pipette
US4772273A (en) * 1985-12-13 1988-09-20 Becton, Dickinson And Company Variable-volume vented container
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Cited By (119)

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US4040420A (en) * 1976-04-22 1977-08-09 General Dynamics Packaging and dispensing kit
US4121739A (en) * 1977-04-20 1978-10-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Dispenser with unitary plunger and seal construction
US4260077A (en) * 1979-10-04 1981-04-07 Aelco Corporation Dual separable dispenser
US4734261A (en) * 1985-01-29 1988-03-29 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Duplex pipette
US4613326A (en) * 1985-07-12 1986-09-23 Becton, Dickinson And Company Two-component medication syringe assembly
EP0208053A2 (en) * 1985-07-12 1987-01-14 Becton, Dickinson and Company Two-component medication syringe assembly
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