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US3827436A - Multipurpose cryosurgical probe - Google Patents

Multipurpose cryosurgical probe Download PDF

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Publication number
US3827436A
US3827436A US30535972A US3827436A US 3827436 A US3827436 A US 3827436A US 30535972 A US30535972 A US 30535972A US 3827436 A US3827436 A US 3827436A
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tip
probe
surface
surfaces
invention
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J Stumpf
J Andera
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FRIGI ACQUISITION Inc
FRIGITRONICS Inc A CORP OF
FRIGITRONICS Inc A DE Corp
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FRIGITRONICS Inc A CORP OF
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by cooling, e.g. cryogenic techniques
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00053Mechanical features of the instrument of device
    • A61B2018/00059Material properties
    • A61B2018/00089Thermal conductivity
    • A61B2018/00101Thermal conductivity low, i.e. thermally insulating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2309/00Gas cycle refrigeration machines
    • F25B2309/02Gas cycle refrigeration machines using the Joule-Thompson effect
    • F25B2309/021Gas cycle refrigeration machines using the Joule-Thompson effect with a cryosurgical probe tip having a specific construction

Abstract

A cryosurgical probe having a refrigerated tip with a plurality of surfaces. The surfaces are differently shaped and positioned to facilitate treatment of different bodily tissues. A plurality of insulating sleeves are provided to fit over the probe tip. Each sleeve defines an opening which is positioned to expose a different one of the surfaces. The foregoing abstract is not to be taken either as a complete expostion or as a limitation of the present invention. In order to understand the full nature and extent of the technical disclosure of this application, reference must be had to the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing as well as to the claims.

Description

United States Patent [191 Stumpf et al.

Filed:

MULTIPURPOSE CRYOSURGICAL PROBE Inventors: Joseph G. Stumpf, Fairfield; Joseph F. Andera, Trumbull, both of Conn.

Assignee: Frigitronics of Conn., Inc., Shelton,

Conn.

Nov. 10, 1972 Appl. No.: 305,359

l28/DIG. 27, 303.1, 399

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Crump 128/3031 UX Lee 128/3031 Armao i 128/3031 Thyberg 128/3031 Gans 128/3031 Halloran 128/221 11] 3,827,436 1 Aug. 6, 1974 R26,276 10/1967 Hirschhorn 128/3031 Primary Examiner-Channing L. Pace Attorney, Agent, or FirmBuckles and Bramblett [57] ABSTRACT The foregoing abstract is not to be taken either as a complete expostion or as a limitation of the present invention. In order to understand the full nature and extent of the technical disclosure of this application, reference must be had to the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing as well as to the claims.

6 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures MULTIPURIOSE CRYOSURGICAL PROBE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention pertains to the field of cryosurgery. More particularly, it pertains to cryosurgical apparatus which may be selectively cooled for applicationto body tissue.

Cryosurgical devices are well known and widely used, both for manipulation and destruction of body tissue. Examples of the former are probes which are caused to adhere to, and assist in the removal of, a cataractous lens from the eye. Examples of the latter are probes which are utilized to necrose diseased tissue of many different types such as, for example, skin cancers and blemishes, cervicitis, and adenoidal and tonsil tissue.

Cryosurgical probes may be refrigerated by any of several means. Originally, they were often cooled by immersing them in, or filling them with, suitable refrigerants, such as liquid nitrogen or dry ice. More recent probes, however, are hollow and are cooled either by a low boiling refrigerant, such as dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon-12) which is allowed to boil within the tip, or by expansion of a gas, such as CO or N 0, which cools by means of the Joule-Thomson effect. These refrigerants are usually valved in such a manner that the probe may be selectively cooled or warmed by the surgeon.

Presently known cryosurgical probes are available with applicator tips of many different sizes and shapes, depending upon the type of tissue to be treated, its size, and its position in the body. While the availability of many types of probe tips is a convenience to the surgeon, it also makes it necessary for the surgeon or hospital to purchase and maintain a relatively large inventory. Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a cryosurgical probe having a single, multipurpose tip. Other objects, features, and advantages will become apparent from the following description and appended claims.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION There is provided a probe for a cryosurgical apparatus which includes an applicator tip of heat conductive material having a plurality of surfaces, each adapted to engage body tissue to be treated. A plurality of insulating sleeves are provided which are selectively positionable over the tip. Each of the sleeves defines an opening that is positioned to expose a different one of the surfaces.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a probe tip constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross section on an enlarged scale taken along the plane 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 is a view of the probe tip of the invention with a third insulating sleeve.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With particular reference to FIGS. 14 of the drawings, there is illustrated a probe in accordance with the present invention. It comprises a tube 10 which would normally be mounted at one end on a suitable handpiece (not shown). On its other end is mounted a hollow applicator tip 12 of a suitably heat conductive material, such as copper. In the disclosed embodiment, cooling is achieved by the Joule-Thompson effect by means of a high pressure gas expanding from the tip of a delivery tube 14. After expansion and cooling of the gas within the cavity 16 of tip 12, the exhaust gas is returned through tube 10 and vented. It will be understood that the precise method of cooling forms no part of the present invention and such cooling may be affected by other techniques such as, for example, the boiling of a low boiling temperature refrigerant. The tip 12 includes a neck 18 mounted in the end of tube 10 where it is secured by a suitable weld or other means forming a strong gas-tight seal. The particular tip which is illustrated is designed for use in the mouth and has three separate surfaces, each of a different shape and position. An upper cylindrical surface 20 is designed for use on tumors and lesions in the mouth. A lower conical surface 22 is for use on lingual tonsils, nd an inclined planar end surface 24 is for use on palatine tonsils, adenoids, and the posterior walls of the mouth.

In the specifically described applicator tip designed for the purposes set forth, the upper surface 20 is the outer surface of one inch diameter stock turned to 0.995 inch diameter. Its overall length from the end of tube 10 is 0.950 inch. The end surface 24 makes an angle of 50 to the horizontal, as viewed in FIG. 2. The lower surface 22 forms an angle of 20 to the horizontal, also as viewed in FIG. 2. The neck 18 is 0.350 inch in diameter.

Normally, a surgeon will desire to utilize only one of the three surfaces for a specific operative procedure. He will also wish to prevent the other surfaces from adhering to, or otherwise contacting, healthy or untreated tissue. To this end, there are provided three resilient insulating sleeves formed of a material such as polytetrafluorethylene. One such sleeve 26 is illustrated in FIG. 5. It includes a split shank 28 for engaging the end of tube 10, a conical wall 30 conforming to surface 22, and an end wall 32 conforming to surface 24. When positioned on tip 12, as shown in FIG. 6, it exposes only the upper cylindrical surface 20 and protects healthy tissue from engagement with the other surfaces of the tip.

FIG. 7 illustrates a somewhat similar sleeve which exposes only the surface 22, and FIG. 8 discloses a third sleeve which exposes only the surface 24. It has been found that the normal resiliency of the sleeves, coupled with the freezing action of the applicator tip 12, holds them securely in position and negates any requirement for additional fastening means.

It is believed that the many advantages of this invention will now be apparent to those skilled in the art. It will also be apparent that a number of variations and modifications may be made in this invention without departing from its spirit and scope. For example, while a mouth probe has been described, it will be apparent that probes and sleeves for many other multiple uses may be designed. Accordingly, the foregoing description is to be construed as illustrative only, rather than limiting. This invention is limited only by the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. A probe for a cryosurgical apparatus which comprises: an applicator tip of heat conductive material having thereon a plurality of surfaces of different geometrical contours, each surface being adapted to engage body tissue to be treated; and an insulating sleeve removably positioned over said tip, said sleeve defining an opening positioned to expose only one of said sursaid substantially planar surface.

Claims (6)

1. A probe for a cryosurgical apparatus which comprises: an applicator tip of heat conductive material having thereon a plurality of surfaces of different geometrical contours, each surface being adapted to engage body tissue to be treated; and an insulating sleeve removably positioned over said tip, said sleeve defining an opening positioned to expose only one of said surfaces.
2. The probe of claim 1 wherein said tip has three tissue engaging surfaces.
3. The probe of claim 1 wherein one of said surfaces is substantially cylindrical, one is substantially conical, and one is substantially planar.
4. The probe of claim 3 wherein said opening exposes said substantially cylindrical surface.
5. The probe of claim 3 wherein said opening exposes said substantially conical surface.
6. The probe of claim 3 wherein said opening exposes said substantially planar surface.
US3827436A 1972-11-10 1972-11-10 Multipurpose cryosurgical probe Expired - Lifetime US3827436A (en)

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Cited By (87)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4787385A (en) * 1985-05-14 1988-11-29 Joseph Pfistershammer Method and apparatus for freeze branding and dehorning
GB2244922A (en) * 1990-06-01 1991-12-18 Cryogenic Instr & Equipment Li Cryogenic device
US5200170A (en) * 1989-07-18 1993-04-06 Mcdow Ronald A Medical process--use of dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl2 F2) and chlorodifluoromethane (CHClF2) as cryogens for treating skin lesions
WO1995030380A2 (en) * 1994-05-10 1995-11-16 Spembly Medical Limited Cryosurgical instrument
US5735845A (en) * 1995-01-17 1998-04-07 Uros Corporation Method of treating the prostate using cryosurgery
WO1998041157A1 (en) * 1997-03-17 1998-09-24 Boris Rubinsky Freezing method for controlled removal of fatty tissue by liposuction
US6161543A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-12-19 Epicor, Inc. Methods of epicardial ablation for creating a lesion around the pulmonary veins
US6182666B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-02-06 Cryogen, Inc. Cryosurgical probe and method for uterine ablation
US6241722B1 (en) 1998-06-17 2001-06-05 Cryogen, Inc. Cryogenic device, system and method of using same
US6270494B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-08-07 Cryogen, Inc. Stretchable cryoprobe sheath
US6468297B1 (en) * 1999-02-24 2002-10-22 Cryovascular Systems, Inc. Cryogenically enhanced intravascular interventions
US6530234B1 (en) 1995-10-12 2003-03-11 Cryogen, Inc. Precooling system for Joule-Thomson probe
US20050251120A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-11-10 Anderson Richard R Methods and devices for detection and control of selective disruption of fatty tissue during controlled cooling
US6976986B2 (en) 2000-04-12 2005-12-20 Afx, Inc. Electrode arrangement for use in a medical instrument
US7033352B1 (en) 2000-01-18 2006-04-25 Afx, Inc. Flexible ablation instrument
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US7083620B2 (en) 2002-10-30 2006-08-01 Medtronic, Inc. Electrosurgical hemostat
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US7118566B2 (en) 2002-05-16 2006-10-10 Medtronic, Inc. Device and method for needle-less interstitial injection of fluid for ablation of cardiac tissue
US7128740B2 (en) 1996-05-03 2006-10-31 Jacobs Clemens J Method for interrupting conduction paths within the heart
US7156845B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2007-01-02 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for creating a bi-polar virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
US7166105B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2007-01-23 Medtronic, Inc. Pen-type electrosurgical instrument
US7169144B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2007-01-30 Medtronic, Inc. Apparatus and method for creating, maintaining, and controlling a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
US7192427B2 (en) 2002-02-19 2007-03-20 Afx, Inc. Apparatus and method for assessing transmurality of a tissue ablation
US7226446B1 (en) 1999-05-04 2007-06-05 Dinesh Mody Surgical microwave ablation assembly
US7250048B2 (en) 2001-04-26 2007-07-31 Medtronic, Inc. Ablation system and method of use
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US7309325B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2007-12-18 Medtronic, Inc. Helical needle apparatus for creating a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
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Cited By (138)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4787385A (en) * 1985-05-14 1988-11-29 Joseph Pfistershammer Method and apparatus for freeze branding and dehorning
US5200170A (en) * 1989-07-18 1993-04-06 Mcdow Ronald A Medical process--use of dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl2 F2) and chlorodifluoromethane (CHClF2) as cryogens for treating skin lesions
GB2244922A (en) * 1990-06-01 1991-12-18 Cryogenic Instr & Equipment Li Cryogenic device
US6161543A (en) * 1993-02-22 2000-12-19 Epicor, Inc. Methods of epicardial ablation for creating a lesion around the pulmonary veins
WO1995030380A2 (en) * 1994-05-10 1995-11-16 Spembly Medical Limited Cryosurgical instrument
GB2289414A (en) * 1994-05-10 1995-11-22 Spembly Medical Ltd Cryosurgical instrument
WO1995030380A3 (en) * 1994-05-10 1996-05-02 Robert William Goddard Cryosurgical instrument
GB2289414B (en) * 1994-05-10 1998-05-13 Spembly Medical Ltd Cryosurgical instrument
US5860970A (en) * 1994-05-10 1999-01-19 Spembly Medical Limited Cryosurgical instrument
US5735845A (en) * 1995-01-17 1998-04-07 Uros Corporation Method of treating the prostate using cryosurgery
US7794460B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2010-09-14 Medtronic, Inc. Method of ablating tissue
US7247155B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2007-07-24 Medtronic, Inc. Apparatus and method for creating, maintaining, and controlling a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
US7166105B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2007-01-23 Medtronic, Inc. Pen-type electrosurgical instrument
US7422588B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2008-09-09 Medtronic, Inc. Pen-type electrosurgical instrument
US9770282B2 (en) 1995-02-22 2017-09-26 Medtronic, Inc. Apparatus and method for creating, maintaining, and controlling a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
US6530234B1 (en) 1995-10-12 2003-03-11 Cryogen, Inc. Precooling system for Joule-Thomson probe
US7128740B2 (en) 1996-05-03 2006-10-31 Jacobs Clemens J Method for interrupting conduction paths within the heart
US6193644B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-02-27 Cryogen, Inc. Cryosurgical probe with sheath
US6182666B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-02-06 Cryogen, Inc. Cryosurgical probe and method for uterine ablation
US6475212B2 (en) 1996-12-26 2002-11-05 Cryogen, Inc. Cryosurgical probe with sheath
US6270494B1 (en) 1996-12-26 2001-08-07 Cryogen, Inc. Stretchable cryoprobe sheath
WO1998041157A1 (en) * 1997-03-17 1998-09-24 Boris Rubinsky Freezing method for controlled removal of fatty tissue by liposuction
US6032675A (en) * 1997-03-17 2000-03-07 Rubinsky; Boris Freezing method for controlled removal of fatty tissue by liposuction
US7678111B2 (en) 1997-07-18 2010-03-16 Medtronic, Inc. Device and method for ablating tissue
US7470272B2 (en) 1997-07-18 2008-12-30 Medtronic, Inc. Device and method for ablating tissue
US6241722B1 (en) 1998-06-17 2001-06-05 Cryogen, Inc. Cryogenic device, system and method of using same
US7699805B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2010-04-20 Medtronic, Inc. Helical coil apparatus for ablation of tissue
US7169144B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2007-01-30 Medtronic, Inc. Apparatus and method for creating, maintaining, and controlling a virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
US9113896B2 (en) 1998-07-07 2015-08-25 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for creating a bi-polar virtual electrode used for the ablation of tissue
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