US3826801A - Novel photographic products and processes - Google PatentsNovel photographic products and processes Download PDF
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- US3826801A US3826801A US9120770A US3826801A US 3826801 A US3826801 A US 3826801A US 9120770 A US9120770 A US 9120770A US 3826801 A US3826801 A US 3826801A
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- G03—PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
- G03C—PHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES; PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES, e.g. CINE, X-RAY, COLOUR, STEREO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES; AUXILIARY PROCESSES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
- G03C8/00—Diffusion transfer processes or agents therefor; Photosensitive materials for such processes
- G03C8/02—Photosensitive materials characterised by the image-forming section
- G03C8/08—Photosensitive materials characterised by the image-forming section the substances transferred by diffusion consisting of organic compounds
- G03C8/10—Photosensitive materials characterised by the image-forming section the substances transferred by diffusion consisting of organic compounds of dyes or their precursors
- G03C8/12—Photosensitive materials characterised by the image-forming section the substances transferred by diffusion consisting of organic compounds of dyes or their precursors characterised by the releasing mechanism
- G03C8/14—Oxidation of the chromogenic substances
- G03C8/16—Oxidation of the chromogenic substances initially diffusible in alkaline environment
- G03C8/18—Dye developers
- C—CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
- C09—DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
- C09B—ORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES, e.g. PIGMENTS; MORDANTS; LAKES
- C09B43/00—Preparation of azo dyes from other azo compounds
- C09B43/06—Preparation of azo dyes from other azo compounds by oxidation
- C—CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
- C09—DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
- C09B—ORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES, e.g. PIGMENTS; MORDANTS; LAKES
- C09B43/00—Preparation of azo dyes from other azo compounds
- C09B43/18—Preparation of azo dyes from other azo compounds by acylation of hydroxyl group or of mercapto group
- C09B43/20—Preparation of azo dyes from other azo compounds by acylation of hydroxyl group or of mercapto group with monocarboxylic acids, carbamic acid esters or halides, mono- isocyanates or haloformic acid esters
- C09B43/202—Aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, araliphatic carboxylic acids
TRANSFER IMAGES IN COLOR ARE FORMED BY EXPOSINGG A PHOTOSENSITIVE ELEMENT CONTANING A SILVER HALIDE EMULSION AND A MONO OR DIAZO DYE WHICH CONTAINS NOT LESS THAN ONE OR MORE THAN TWO GROUPS SELECTED FROM THE GROUP REPRESENTED BY THE FORMULAE -N=N-CH2-CH2-OOC-CH2-O-R WHEREIN R IS A LOWER ALKYL GROUP SAID DYES ALSO CONTAININING NOT LESS THAN ONE OR MORE THAN TWO DIHYDROXYPHENYL SILVER HALIDE DEVELOPING RADICALS, PERMEATING THE PHOTOSENSITIVE ELEMENT WITH AN AQUEOUS ALKALNE PROCESSING COMPOSITION, AND DEACYLATION OF THE -OOC-CH2-O-R
R-O-CH2-COO-CH2-CH2-N=N-CH2-CH2-OOC-CH2-O-R GROUPS BY HYDROLYSIS TO PROVIDE HYDROXYL GROUPS THEREBY PROVIDING A NON-REVESIBLE BATHOCHROMIC SHIFT OF THE SPECIAL ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF DYE; IMMONILIZING THE DYE AS A RESULT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EXPOSED AREAS OF THE EMULSION. AND TRANSFERRING BY DIFFUSION, AT LAST A PORTION OF THE IMAGEWISE DISTRIBUTION OF DYES TO A SUPERPOSED IMAGE RECEIVING LAYER TO PROVIDE A POSITIVE DYE IMAGE THEREIN.
30, R W C|EC|UCH ET AL NOVEL PHOTOGRAPHIC PRODUCTSAND PROCESSES Original Filed Aug. 50, 1968 IMAGE-RECEIVING LAYER IEUPTURABLE CONTAINER HOLDING A PROCESSING COMPOSITION 22 O 7\JS ILVER HALIDE EMULSION LAYER \\\3 AND ASSOCIATED TEMPORARILY SHIFTED DYE DEVELOPER ASSOCIATED YELLOW DYE DEVELOPER GREEN-SENSITIVE EMULSION AND 50 \K\\\\\\\\\ ASSOCIATED TEMPORARILY SHIFTED 54E7//////////// MAGENTA DYE DEVELOPER 58 RED-sENsmvE EMULSION AND ASSOCIATED CYAN DYE DEVELOPER F I G 2 SUPPORT ffiLUE-SENSITWE EMULSION AND United States Patent l p e 1 3,826,801
v. NOVEL, PHOTOGRAPHIC PRODUCTS v f f AND PROCESSES Ronald 1F. WJCieciuch, Boston, and Myron S. Simon, "Newton Centre, Mass, assignors to Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, Mass. 5
Original application Aug. 30-, 1968, Ser. No. 756,481, now 'PatentNo. 3,579,334. Divided and this application Nov. 19, 1970, Ser. No. 91,207
Int. Cl. C09b'29/10 U.S.Cl.- 260-402 3 1 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE-DISCLOSURE .Transfe'rfjii'nag'es in color are formed by exposing a photosensitive element'fcontaining a silver halide emulsion anda mono or disazo dye which contains not less than'one or more than two groups selected from the group represented by theformulae wherein R is a lower alkyl group, said dyes also containing not less than one nor more'than two dihydroxyphenyl silver halide developing radicals; permeating the photosensitive element with an aqueous alkaline processing composition, and deacylation of the groups by hydrolysis-to provide hydroxyl groups, thereby providing a non,-reversible. bathochromic shift of the spectral absorption characteristics of dye; immobilizing the dye as are sult of;the. development of the exposed areasof the, emulsion; and transferring, by dilfusion, at least a portion of the imagewise distribution of dyes to a superposed image receiving layerto provide a positive dye image therein Thisapplication isadivision' of US. Patent Application Ser. No. 756,481, filed Aug. 30, 1968, now Pat. No. 3,579,334. j
-This invention relatesto photography and, more particularly, to an improvement in photographic diffusiontransfe'r reversal processes for obtaining color images.
It has been proposed, in'U.S. Pat. No. 2,983,606, issued May 9; 1961'; to "form color-images by difiusion-transfer reversal processes utilizing dye developers. In a process of this type, 'a' photosensitive element containing a dye developerand asilver halide emulsion is exposed and wetted by a liquid processing composition, for example, by immersion'Qcoating'," spraying, flowing, etc, in the dark, and the' exposed"'photosensitive "element is superposed prior to, during'or' after-wetting, on a sheetlike support element .whichmay be utilized "as an' image-receiving elementx-In a preferred embodiment, the liquid processing composition isappli'ed to' the'photosensitive element in a substantially'uniform layer as the photosensitive element is brought into superposed"relationship with the imagereceiving layer; The-liquid processing composition permeates' the emulsion to initiate development of the latent image contained therein. The "dye developer is immobilice ized or precipitated in exposed areas as a consequence of the development of the latent image. This immobilization is apparently, at least in part, due to a change in the solubility characteristics of the dye developer upon oxidation and especially as regards its solubility in alkaline solutions. It may also be due in part to a tanning effect on the emulsion by oxidized developing agent, and in part to a localized exhaustion of alkali as a result of development. In unexposed and partially exposed areas of the emulsion, the dye developer is unreacted and ditfusible and thus provides an imagewise distribution of unoxidized dye developer dissolved in the liquid processing composition, as a function of the point-to-point degree of exposure of the silver halide emulsion. At least part of this imagewise distribution of unoxidized dye developer is transferred, by imbibition, to a superposed imagereceiving layer or element, said transfer substantially excluding oxidized dye developer. Under certain conditions, the layer of liquid processing composition may be utilized as the image-receiving layer. The image-receiving element receives a depthwise diffusion, from the developed emulsion, of unoxidized dye developer without appreciably disturbing the imagewise distribution thereof to provide the reversed or positive color image of the developed image.
The image-receiving element may contain agents adapted to mordant or otherwise fix the diffused, unoxidized dye developer. If the color of the transferred dye developer is affected by changes in the pH of the image-receiving element, this pH may be adjusted in accordance with well-known techniques to provide a pH affording the desired color. The desired positive image is revealed by stripping the image-receiving layer from the photosensitive element at the end of a suitable imbibition period.
The dye developers, as noted above, are compounds which contain, in the same molecule, both the chromophoric system of a dye and also a silver halide developing function. By a silver halide developing function is meant a grouping adapted to develop exposed silver halide. A preferred silver halide development function is a hydroquinonyl group. Other suitable developing functions include ortho-dihydroxyphenyl and orthoand para-amino substituted hydroxyphenyl groups. In general, the development function includes a benzenoid developing function, that is, an aromatic developing group which forms quinonoid or quinone substances when oxidized. The preferred dye developers possess the characteristics of relatively high absorption of actinic radiation over a. desired segment of the spectral range as well as substantially no absorption over the remaining portion of the spectrum. For example, in a diffusion-transfer reversal process f0 three-color substractive photography, the preferred dye developers uitlized should comprise, respectively, a yellow, a magenta, and a cyan dye developer, each of said dye developers having a high transmittance over approximately two-thirds of the visible spectrum, and a high absorption in the remaining one-third.
Where such dye developers are initially colored and situated in an appropriately sensitized emulsion layer, that is, an emulsion layer sensitized to areas of the visible spectrum coinciding with the absorption maximum of the respective associated dye developers, it is obvious that the amount of actinic energy necessary to accomplish suitable excitation of the sensitized silver halide crystals contained within 'said emulsion is substantially increased. The resultant effect of the dye developers absorption of a substantial proportion of the actinic energy available for silver halide crystal excitation is necessarily a sub-' tion of the spectral range equal to the color absorption desired and further should exert no influence on and/or absorption over the remaining portions of the spectrum. Thus, each dye developer associated emulsion layer unit, comprising a multilayer photosensitive element for use in obtaining multicolor images, should theoretically absorb spectral radiation of a predelineated area of the spectral range. Therefore, in an integral multilayer photosensitive element which comprises three appropriately sensitized silver halide emulsions having associated therewith, respectively, a yellow, a magenta and a cyan dye developer, the preferred yellow dye developer should be one with relatively high absorption in the blue area of the spectrum and thus would afiect or control only the amount of blue light passing through said dye developer, but would have substantially little, if any, influence on the passage of red or green light. The magenta dye developer should be one with relatively high absorption in the green area of the spectrum and thus would affect and/or control only the amount of green light passing through said dye developer but would have substantially little, if any, influence on the passage of red or blue light. The cyan dye developer should be one with relatively high absorption in the red area of the spectrum and thus would afiect or control only the amount of red light passing through said dye developer but would have substantially little, if any, influence on the passage of blue or green light.
Therefore, in an integral multilayer photosensitive element of the type previously described, upon exposure to actinic radiation comprising the visible spectrum, said radiation preferably traversing through a blue-sensitive emulsion perpendicular to the plane of said photosensitive element, the respective yellow dye developer or developers should theoretically absorb only the blue portion of the spectrum, thus allowing undiminished red and green wave lengths to contact a subsequent green-sensitive magenta dye developer containing silver halide emulsion. The magenta dye developer, in turn, should theoretically absorb only the blue portion of the spectrum, thus allowing undiminished red and green wave lengths to contact a subsequent green-sensitive magenta dye developer containing silver halide emulsion. The magenta dye developer, in turn, should theoretically absorb only the green wave lengths of the spectrum and thus allow the red wave lengths to contact, with undiminished energy, a subsequent red-sensitive cyan dye developer containing silver halide emulsion. Many yellow, magenta and cyan dye developers exhibit substantial spectral absorption in areas of the spectrum other than their preferred theoretical areas.
The unavailability of dye developers with desired absorption characteristics; that is, over one-third of the spectrum, and desired transmission characteristics, that is, over two-thirds of the spectrum, necessitates formulating a method of preand/or post-correcting of each emulsion layer to avoid the loss of a substantial amount of actinic energy upon exposure due to the undesirable absorption of the dye developer associated emulsion layers through which the actinic radiation must traverse in order to expose subsequent photosensitive emulsion layers.
As disclosed in US. Pats. Nos. 3,307,947 and 3, 3%,- 2 87, issued Mar. 7, 1967 and Aug. 15, 1967, it has been discovered that the necessity of correcting or compensating for the aforementioned undesirable absorption, that is, internal absorption within the respective emulsion layer decreasing the speed of said emulsion, as well as decreasing the actinic radiation transmitted through said emulsion, may be substantially obviated by efiecting temporarily, that is, at least for the duration of exposure of a photosensitive element, a hypsochromic shift of the absorption characteristics of the respective dye developers such that the absorption of said dye developers is rendered negligible and transmission of the prefer-red spectral rays of light approximates the magnitude desired.
Dispersion of an associated dye developer in the photosensitive emulsion generally results in a substantial loss of the sensitivity of the emulsion due to the dye developer absorbing actinic energy in the corresponding region of maximum emulsion sensitivity. This is apparently due to the fact that photographic dye developers associated with a photosensitive silver halideemulsion generally possess a color, that is, a spectral absorption curve, which is substantially the same as that of the light,'that 1s,the reg on of the spectrum, which the sensitized emulsion is. intended to record. In such instances, the dyed eveloper has its light absorption maximum, that is, 1 at a wave .length within the maximum sensitivity of the photosensitive emulsion with which it is associated;
A hypsochromic shift of the light absorption spectrum of the respective dye developer is preferred since the absorption bands of the dye 'fall off more sharply on the long wave length side of the 'y A hypsochromic shift of the 'y approximating rn t substantially avoids absorption of spectral energy by the respective dye developer in the spectral region to which the associated emul sion is sensitized. However, it must be noted that a hypso chromic shift of the 7mm approximating 20 to'30 mu' may substantally obviate the filtering effect of the respective dye developers absorption on photosensitive emulsions in a rearward position required by the conventional arrangement of integral multi layer photosensitive elements.
It has now been discovered that the aforementioned temporary shift of the dye developers absorption characteristics may be attained by the utilization of monoand disazo dye developers wherein the bathochromic eftects of auxochromic hydroxy or amino substituted radicals substituted at specific positions in relation to the azo configuration, have been temporarily reduced by appropriately isolating said radicals from interaction with the azo chromophore. H
From the standpoint of the color of dyes, an auxochrome is best defined as a substituent atom or group which increases the intensity (6) of the absorption of light due to a chromophore. An auxochrome may also shift the main absorption band ('y to a longer wave length, just as a second chromophore conjugated with the first increases the e in addition to shifting it to a longer It must be noted, however, that a given auxochrome may increase the 6 only for certain chromophores, and only when it is situated in a suitable position with reference to said chromophore, to thus form an auxochromophoric system. In an auxochromphoric system, it is believed that the absorption of light results from the electronic interaction between auxochromes and chromorespective substituent inrelation to the azo linkage largely determines the auxochromic effect, since resonance eitects are inoperative in the meta position, auxochromic. sub-.
stituents are mainly effective in the ortho andparapositrons with respect to the azo-chromophore. I Diffusion-transfer reversal processes employing a-pho' to'sensitive element, comprising not-less than one silver halide emulsion havingfassociated therewith not less than one image-forming component, should thus-employ an, image-forming component possessing ar temporarily shifted light-absorptionspectrum. Thephotosensitive element may be exposed to a predetermined actinic energy pattern and the resultant latentsilver'halide imageor components in the exposed areas of said photosensitive element which may-be, at least in part, transferred by imbibition from the unexposed areas to a superposed image receiving layer. Anon-reversible restoration of at least a portion of the temporarily shifted image-forming components to their original spectral absorption characteristics is effected, at some "stage subsequent to exposure, so as to impart to theimage-receiving layer a reversedpositive dye image of the latent image exhibiting the desired spectralabsorptioncharacteristics.
,It is aprim ary object of the present invention to provide novel photographic diffusion transfer reversal processes and novel products forutilization therein.
Another object of the present invention is to provide novel photosensitive elements, comprising not less than one silver halide emulsion and not less than one dye developer, ,jpossessing increased, emulsion speed and improved exposure control. i
A further object of the presentinvention is to provide novel photographic compounds, processes and products for obtaining color images by diffusion-transfer reversal processes, wherein the light absorption characteristics of the dye developers utilized to provide said color images are temporarily shifted so that said dye developers absorb actinic energy at wavelengths substantially shorter during exposure than the wave lengths of the respective dye developers ultimately desired.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide novel photographic compounds, processes and products for obtaining color images by diffusion-transfer reversal processes,- whereinv the light absorption characteristics. of the dye developers utilized to provide said color images are temporarily shifted so that said dye developers absorb'actinic energy at wave lengths substantially shorter'during exposure than the wave lengths to which the dye'developers associated silver halide emulsionv is sensitized. Y
A still further object of the present invention is to provide novel photographic compoundsj'proc'esses and products for obtaining multicolor transfer images, using integral multilayer photosensitive elements, whereby unwanted absorption, that is, absorption at the wave lengths of emulsion sensitization, is avoided.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide novel photographic processes whereby temporarily shifted dye developers, that is, dye developers the spectral absorption. bands of which have been temporarily shifted to lower wave lengths prior to exposure of a photosensitive element containing said dye developers, may be restored to their original-spectral absorption characteristics subsequent to exposure of said photosensitive element. I
A still further object ofthe-present invention is to provide dye developers, the spectral absorption characteristics of which are modified t O QeECCt a temporary hypsochromic shift in the'w'ave lengths absorbed during exposure of an associated photosensitive emulsion and which, subsequent to said exposure, may be restored to their original absorption characteristics.
.Otherobjects of the invention .will in part be obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.- I
The invention accordingly comprises the several step and the relationand order of one or more of such steps with respect to each of the others, and the product posessing the, features, properties and the. relation o'f elemen'ts .which ar'e exemplified in the following detailed disclosuregand the spgdpeer the application of which will be indicated in thecllaimsl I 1 .4
For a fullerlunderst" l ding of the: natureland 'objects of they invention, reference shouldb e had to thefollowing detaileddescription takeniin connection with the ac: companying drawing whereinr.
FIG. 1 is: a diagrammatic CI' OSSrSCClIlOHEI'VlBW'Of one embodimentof a photographic'product for use in obtaining monochromatic images in accordance with this invention and comprising a photosensitive element, an image-receiving element and a rupturable container holding a processing composition; and
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic cross-sectional view of one embodiment of this invention, for use in obtaining multicolor images, during processing and comprising a multilayer photosensitive element, an image-receiving element and a processing composition.
The expression temporarily shifted dye developer" as used herein is intended to signify a dye developer which has been modified chemically so that its spectral absorption bands have been relocated at substantially shorter wave lengths, that is, a hypsochromic shift of the absorption spectrum, for at least the time interval necessary to accomplish photoexposure of a photosensitive silver halide emulsion associated therewith, and which dye developer is subject to restoration of the dye developers original absorption characteristics upon simple chemical treatment such as, for example, hydrolyis, methanolysis, ammonolysis, etc.
It has been taught in the aforementioned US. Pat. No. 3,307,947 that the previously characterized advantages achieved by the utilization of temporarily shifted dye developers in photographic systems may be obtained by the employment of dye developers wherein specified auxochromic systems have undergone bathochromic shifts which result in a change in the electronic interaction between the respective auxochromes and chromophores. Alternation of the last-mentioned electronic interaction between auxochromic hydroxyl or amino groups substituted in ortho and/or para position with respect to a chromophoric azo linkage, may be affected by any suitable technique, but a most preferred means was disclosed to be temporary acylation of the respective auxoehrome substituent or substituents. Restoration of the original auxochromophoric system may be then readily secured by hydrolysis of such acyl group by means of contact with an aqueous alkaline photographic processing composition.
While the last-mentioned disclosed acylation of the selected auxochromic substituent does accomplish a hypsochromic shift in the spectral absorption characteristics of the selected auxochromophoric system, where the selected auxochromic substituent comprises an amino group substituted in ortho or para position with relation to a chromophoric azo linkage and/or a hydroxyl group substituted in para position to such an azo linkage, it has additionally been taught in the above patent that acylation of an auxochromic hydroxyl group substituted in ortho position with relation to a chromophoric azo linkage provides a hypsochromic shift of such extended magnitude as to be totally unexpected in view of, and unrelated in comparison with, the magnitude of hypsochromic shift provided the previously identified components.
As stated hereinbefore, a temporary hypsochromic shift of the dye developer's A at least for the period during which exposure of a photographic film unit retaining same is accomplished, constituting a magnitude of 20 to 30 mu, may be suflicient to substantially avoid a filtering effect, in the transmission of actinic energy to a rearwardly positioned photosensitive emulsion, in many desired instances. In certain instances, therefore, acylation of an auxochromic hydroxyl group substituted para to a chromophoric azo linkage may be sufiicient to provide the desired radiation absorptive characteristics to a given photographic film unit. In many instances, however, the maximum magnitude of such shift is considerably less than that desired to provide the optimum radiation absorbing characteristics to the film unit. In such circumstances, it
- is 'p'referred that acylation of an auxochromic hydroxyl OH OH and said dye developers being further characterized in that they contain not less than one and preferably not more than two groups selected from the group consisting of p-dihydroxyphenyl and o-dihydroxyphenyl groups and halogen and alkyl substituted derivatives thereof.
It will be apparent that preferred members of the aforementioned monoand disazo dye developers may also be represented by the formulae:
I x I wherein a is one or two; b is one or two; X is a p-dihydroxyphenyl or an o-dihydroxyphenyl group and the halogen and alkyl substituted derivatives thereof; each Y represents the non-metallic atoms necessary to complete an aryl nucleus, preferably a benzene or naphthalene nucleus, which aryl nuclei may be the same or different; and Z represents the residue of an azo coupler.
As examples of ortho-hydroxy and/or ortho, ortho'- dihydroxy substituted monoand disazo dye developers preferred for use in the practice of the present invention, mention may be made of the following:
2-(4'- [4- (2",5"'-dihydroxyphenethyl -phenylaz0] naphthalene azo )-4-rnethoxy-1-naphthol p-( 1-hydroxy-4-methoxy-Z-naphthalene azo) -phenethyl catechol 2- (p- [B- hydro quinonyl -ethyl] -phenylazo -4-methoxyl-naphthol 2- (p- B- (hydroquinonyl) -ethyl] -phenylazo) -4-npropoxyl-naphthol the preparations of which are disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Elkan R. Blout, Milton Green, and Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. 612,045, filed Sept; 25, 1956, abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 144,816, filed Oct. 18, 1961 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,134,672, issued May 26, 1964);
2 (2',5'-dimethoxy-4'- [p- 2",5"-dihydroxy-phenyl) -phenylazoJ-phenylazo)-4-methoxy-l-naphthol the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending application of Helen P. Husek and Myron S. Simon, Ser. No. 612,054, filed Sept. 25, 1956, now abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 197,283, filed May 24, 1962 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,236,645, issued Feb. 22, 1966) and Ser. No. 197,259, filed May 24, 1962' (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,134,763, issued May 26, 1954;
2-(2',5'-dimethoxy-4'- [p- (2",5 "-dihydroxy-phenethyl phenylazo] -phenylazo )-4-methoxy-1-naphthol the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S.
8, application of Helen P. Husek, Ser. No. 612,055, filed Sept. 25, 1956, now abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 192,355, filed May 4, 1962 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,236,643, issued Feb. 22, 1966) and Ser; No. 192,354, filed May 4, 1962 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,134,762, issued May 26,
1954); 2- (p- [4'-methyl-2,5 '-dihydroxyphenylthioethyl] -phenylazo)-4-methoxy-naphthol*- g the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S.
application of Milton Green and Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. 633,905, filed June 6, 1957,'now abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 193,326, filed May 8, 1962 (now US.
Pat. No. 3,222,169, issued Dec. 7, 1965);
2- (p- 2',5-dihydroxyphenoxy] aphenylazo) -4-rnethoxy- 1- naphthol I v the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Milton Green, Ser. No. 680,403, filed Aug.
26, 1957, now abandoned; 2-(p- [hydroquinonylsulfonyD -phenylazo] -4-rnethoxy-1- naphthol the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S.
application of Milton Green, Ser. No. 680,434, filed Aug. 26, 1957, now abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 230,- 287, filed Oct. 12, 1962 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,230,086, issued Jan. 18, 1966);
2- (2,5-dimethoxy-3 [2"- (2"',5 dihydroxybenzoyl ethyl] -phenylazo -4-methoxyl-naphthol 2- (4 [p- (hydroquinonyl -phenylcarboxamido] -phenylazo) -4-methoxyl-naphthol the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Milton Green, Ser. No. 703,515, filed Dec. 18, 1957, now abandoned;
4,4'-bis- (4"- [2",5"'-dihydroxyphenethyl] -phenylsulfarnyl) l-hydroxy- 1 ,2'-azonaphthalene 4-(4- [2",5 "-dihydroxyphenethyl] -N-methylphenylsulfamyl)-2- (2',5'-dimethoxyphenylazo)-1-naphtho1 the preparations of which are disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Elkan R. Blout, Milton Green, Howard G. Rogers, and Robert B. Woodward, Ser. No. 707,109, filed Jan. 6, 1958, now abandoned;
2-(4'- [4"-(2"',5"'-dihydro)ryphenethyl)-phenylcarbamyl] phenylazo)-4-rnethoxy-1-naphthol the preparation of which is disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Milton Green and Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. 748,145, filed July 14, 1958, now abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 190,804, filed Apr. 27, 1962 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,186,982, issued June 1, 1965); and
1-(4- [2,5"-dihydroxyphenethyl] -2' -hydroxyphenylazo) 2-naphthol I the preparation of which is disclosed in the copendingUS. application of Milton Green and Myron 8. Simon, Ser. No. 788,893, filed Apr. 15, 1964, now'abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 359,998, filed Apr. 15, 1964 (now us. PatINo. 3,299,041, issued Jan. 17,1967).
In compounds comprising thela'st-inentioned class of dye developers, the'auxochromic hydroxyl group may be selectively isolated from interaction withthe azo chrmophore by acylation of said hydroxyl group according to the following procedure, in order to provide the preferred dye developers for use in the practice of the present invenortho to at least one azo group, and not more than one of said groups is ortho to the same nitrogen atom of said azo group; and which dyes may also be characterized in that they contain not less than,one and not more than two groups represented by the formulae:
wherein each R is an alkyl group, preferably a lower alkyl of from on'e't'o ten carbon atoms, more preferably one to eight,'such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl octyl, etc. and said dye developers being further characterized in that they contain not less than one and preferably not more than two groups selected from the group consisting of a p-dihydroxyphenyl an o-dihydroxyphenyl group.
. Ithas been discovered that the compounds within the aforementioned formulae may be prepared by oxidizing to the quinone, the p-dihydroxyphenyl or o-dihydroxyphenyl groups, or derivatives thereof of mono or disazo dyes, said dyes characterized in that they contain not less than one and not more than two ortho-hydroxyazo and/ or ortho, ortho'-dihydroxyazo configurations, and said dyes being further characterized in that they contain not less than one and not more than two groups selected from the group consisting of p-dihydroxyphenyl and o-dihydroxyphenyl groups, including specifically the halogen and alkyl substituted derivatives thereof; said oxidation being accomplished, for example, with an oxidizing agent such as benzoquinone, chloranil, etc.; acylating the hydroxyl groups substituted ortho and/or ortho' to one or more azo groups by reacting the oxidation product with an acylaing agent of the formula:
said acrylation being accomplished under anhydrous conditions.
Preferably, a solvent is employed, such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, methylene chloride, and the like. Optionally, potassium carbonate is employed to remove any hydrochloric acid that may be formed during the process. It is critical, however, that rigidly anhydrous conditions be maintained.
The p-dihydroxyphenyl group or o-dihydroxyphenyl group or derivatives thereof, are regenerated by, subsequent to acylation, reduction, said reduction being accomplished, for example, with a reducing agent such as xylohydroquinone or hydrogen in the presence of a suitable catalyst, such as a palladium/ charcoal catalyst.
. It iscontemplated, within the scope of this invention that, where desirable, the dyes may contain one or more hydroxyl groups substituted thereon in addition to those previouslymentioned. Under such conditions, the acylation action may be continued until substantially complete acylation'is attained, that is, acylation of each free hydroxyl group of the respective dye molecules.
As illustrative examples of the preferred alkoxy acetyl chloride acylation agents within the scope of the present invention mention may be made of:
methoxy acetyl chloride ethoxy acetyl chloride propoxy acetyl chloride butoxy acetyl chloride octyloxy acetyl chloride isopropoxy acetyl chloride isobutoxy acetyl chloride.
It will be recognized, from the preceding discussion that, within the scope of the invention claimed, the alkyl group represented by the term R is intended to encompass the equivalents thereof, and, accordingly may comprise a substituted alkyl or aliphatic group which may be saturated or unsaturated, in accordance with the specific acylating agent optionally chosen to conform to the desires of the operator.
The novel dye developers of the present invention provide advantages over prior art compositions. For example, more complete hydrolysis of the dye is achieved in the positive image thus insuring a truer color. In addition, a relatively short induction time is required and a greater dye transfer is exhibited as well as a more effective silver development. As will be seen in the following example, it is possible to use the dye developer of the present invention in the gelatin emulsion layer in addition to coating it on an emulsion layer. Prior to the present invention, dye developers have not been as suitable for use in the emulsion phase.
With specific regard to the p-dihydroxyphenyl and o-dihydroxyphenyl groups, or radicals, the remaining hydro gen atoms in the phenyl ring system may be suitably substituted by hydroxyl groups, amino groups, alkyl groups, or halogen atoms such as chloride and bromide atoms, and the like, which do not interfere with the photographic silver halide developing characteristics of the specified dihydroxyphenyl ring system.
In accordance with the present invention, it is contemplated to utilize a temporarily shifted dye developer and, specifically, a dye developer of the class detailed hereinbefore, in both monochromatic and multicolor diffusion-transfer reversal processes. It is contemplated to use at least one of the dye developers employed in multicolor diffusion-transfer reversal processes in the form of a temporarily shifted dye developer. Significant improvements may result from the use of even one temporarily shifted dye developer in a multicolor process. It is also contemplated to employ a plurality of temporarily shifted dye developers containing varying modifying groups to effect temporary shift of the respective dye developers spectral characteristic.
The novel temporarily shifted dye developers of the present invention also find extensive application in subtractive color correction processes, such as the integral masking procedures utilizing temporarily shifted dye developers.
FIG. 1 of the accompanying drawing illustrates one method of processing a silver halide emulsion to obtain a monochromatic transfer image in accordance with this invention. A photosensitive element 22 comprises a support 20, a layer 16 containing a temporarily shifted dye developer, and a silver halide emulsion. As shown in the particular embodiment depicted in FIG. 1, the photosensitive element 2.2 is shown in a spread-apart relationship (as, for example, during exposure) with an imagereceiving element 24 having mounted thereon a rupturable container 14 holding a processing composition. The imagereceiving element 24 comprises a support 10 and an imagereceiving layer 12. After exposure, the image-receiving element 24 is brought into superposed relationship with photosensitive element 22, rupturable container 14 is ruptured by application of suitable pressure, for example, by advancing between a pair of rolls (now shown), and a layer of the liquid processing composition is spread between the superposed elements. The processing composition permeates the silver halide emulsion and develops a latent image contained therein. Subsequent to exposure, the temporarily shifted dye developer is restored to its original spectral absorption characteristics. In unexposed areas, the dye developer will transfer to the superposed image-receiving element 24, to constitute thereon a positive dye image in terms of exposure, said image exhibiting the spectral absorption characteristics of the desired restored dye developer. The image-receiving element 24 is separated from its superposed relationship with the photosensitive element 22 after at least a portion of the dye developer has been transferred.
It should be noted that it is within the scope of the present invention to form images which comprise mixtures of temporarily shifted dye developers and nonshifted or restored dye developers. The restoration of the respective dye developer's original spectral absorption characteristics may be effected by reacting said dye developer with one or more processing compositions, subsequent to photoexposure, but prior to, concurrent with or subsequent to photographic processing. If desired, an image-receiving element containing a transferred dye developer may be contacted with said process-compositions subsequent to dissociation of said image-receiving element from its superposed relationship to the photosensitive element. For example, a temporarily shifted esterified dye developer retained in an image-receiving element, may be subjected to caustic hydrolysis by contact with a second processing composition prior to or subsequent to the aforementioned dissociation to provide an increased quantity of hydrolyzed dye developer therein.
In the following examples, all parts are given by weight except where otherwise noted and all operations involving light-sensitive materials are carried out in the absence of actinic radiation. These examples are intended to be illustrative only of the synthesis and employement of temporarily shifted dye developers wherein, subsequent to photoexposure, at least a portion of said temporarily shifted dye developer is restored to the desired subtractive color absorption spectrum to provide a reversed positive transfer image of the photographed subject and should not be considered as limiting the invention in any way.
EXAMPLE 1 gm. of 2-(p-[B-(hydroquinonyl)-ethyl]-phenylazo)- 4-methoxy-l-naphthol, the preparation of which is disclosed in the aforementioned copending US. application Ser. No. 612,045, abandoned and replaced by Ser. No. 144,816, filed Oct. 18, 1961 (now US. Pat. No. 3,134,- 672, issued May 26, 1964) and 10.5 gm. of benzoquinone are refluxed for 3.5 hours in 150 cc. of chloroform to provide 3 gm. of
4 methoxy-Z-(p-[B-(p'-quinonyl)-ethyl]-phenylazo)-1 naphthol.
EXAMPLE 2 8 gm. (.02 M) of dry 4-methoxy-2-(p-[B-(p-quinonyl)-ethyl]-phenylazo)-l-naphthol are warmed under anhydrous conditions in 100 ml. of freshly purified chloroform. 8 g. (.058 M) of anhydrous potassium carbonate are added and the mixture brought to reflux, 3.6 ml. (.029 M) of ethoxy acetyl chloride are added and refluxing continued for 48 hours. Another 8 g. of potassium carbonate, and 3.6 ml. of ethoxy acetyl chloride are added, and refluxing continued for four days. The reaction is cooled and filtered under slightly reduced pressure, and then the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting hot orange-red oil is treated with 200 ml. of boiling hexane, and, from the quickly decanted solvent, the product is filtered off and washed with hexane to remove unreacted acid chloride. The product is dissolved in ml. of dry benzene by boiling, 50 ml. of hot hexane is added and mixed quickly to precipitate the product as a redbrown oil. Precipitation is repeated twice to provide 4.3 g. of the product:
f N=N o CHz-CH: I
which melted at 132133 F.
EXAMPLE 3 3.6 g. of the product of Example 2 was reduced at atmospheric pressure in 100 ml. of ethyl acetate using 10% palladium barium sulfate catalyst. At 27 F., the material took up the calculated volume of hydrogen in 12 minutes. The product, 4-methoxy-2- [p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-l-ethoxy acetate was recrystallized from boiling benzene in an 84% yield. The produce melted at 123-125 F. and exhibits a'spectral absorption curve which displays a A at 397 mu in methyl cellulose, e=15,200.
EXAMPLE 4 Employing the procedure of Example 4, substituting octyloxy acetyl chloride for ethoxy acetyl chloride, 4-iso-v propoxy 2 [p-(B-quinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-l-octyloxy acetate was prepared having a melting point of 84-85 F. and exhibiting a spectral absorption curve which displays a A at 341 mu in methyl cellulose; e=19,400.
EXAMPLE 6 Employing the procedure of Example 4, substituting propoxy acetyl chloride for ethoxy acetyl chloride, 4-isopropoxy 2 [p-(B-quinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-l-propoxy acetate was prepared.
EXAMPLE 7 Employing the procedure of Example 4, substituting butoxy acetyl chloride for ethoxy acetyl chloride, 4-isopropoxy-Z- [p- (B-quinonylethyl -phenylazo] -naphthalenel-butoxy acetate was prepared.
EXAMPLE 8 A photosensitive element was prepared as follows: 5.0 g. of 4-methoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenyl azo]-naphthalene-1-ethoxy acetate was dissolved in 7.5 cc. of diethyl decanamide and 5 .0 cc. of triethyl phosphite. This solution was emulsified by means of a high shear mechanical agitator, with an aqueous solution of 33.3 g. of 15 gelatin and a dispersing agent and then coated upon a subcoated film base with a green sensitive silver iodobromide emulsion and allowed to dry. This photosen sitive element was exposed and processed by spreading,
13 between the thus exposed photosensitive element and a superposed image-receiving element, an aqueous processing composition comprising:
Water cc 100 Potassium hydroxide g 11.2 Hydroxyethyl cellulose g 3.8 Benzotriazole g 3.5 N-benzyl-a-picolinium bromide g 2.0
The image-receiving element comprised baryta paper coated with a layer of a partial butyl ester of poly- (ethylene/maleic anhydride), followed by a layer of polyvinyl alcohol and a layer of 2:1 mixture, by weight, of polyvinyl alcohol and poly-4-vinyl pyridine. imagereceiving elements of this type are disclosed and claimed in the copending application of Edwin H. Land, Ser. No. 234,864, filed Nov. 1, 1962 (now US. Pat. No. 3,362,819, issued Jan. 9, 1968). I
After an imbibition period of approximately one minute, the image-receiving eelment was separated and contained a magenta positive dye image having a Dmax, of 2.18 and a D of 0.2.
EXAMPLE 9 A photosensitive element was prepared by coating a gelatin subcoated film base with a solution comprising 0.3 g. of 4-methoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo] -naphthalene-1-ethoxy acetate which was dissolved in 7.5 cc. of 2% cellulose acetate hydrogen phthalate in acetone. After this coating dried, a green-sensitive silver iodobromide emulsion was coated thereupon and allowed to dry. This photosensitive element was exposed and proc essed as described in Example 8.
After an imbibition period of approximately one minute, the image-receiving element was separated and contained, a magenta positive image having a Dmax. of 2.52 and aD of 0.4.
EXAMPLE 10 allowed to dry. This photosensitive element was exposed and processed as described in Example 8.
After an imbibition period of approximately one minute, the image-receiving element was separated and contained a magenta positive image having a D of 1.23 and a D of 0.21.
EXAMPLE 12 A photosensitive element was prepared by coating a gelatin subcoated film base with a solution comprising 0.22 g. of 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)- phenylazo]-naphthalene-l-butoxy acetate which was dissolved in 5 cc. of 2% cellulose acetate hydrogen phthalate in acetone. After this coating dried, a green-sensitive silver iodobromide emulsion was coated thereupon and allowed to dry. This photosensitive element was exposed and processed as described in Example 8.
.After an imbibition period of approximately one minute, the image-receiving element was separated and contained a magenta positive image having a D of 0.9 and a D of 0.25.
EXAMPLE 13 A photosensitive element was prepared by coating a gelatin subcoated film base with a solution comprising 0.22 g. of 4-methoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1-octyloxy acetate which was dissolved in 5 cc. of 2% cellulose acetate hydrogen phthalate in acetone. After this coating dried, a green-sensitive silver iodobromide emulsion was coated thereupon and allowed to dry. This photosensitive element was exposed and processed as described in Example 8.
After an imbibition period of approximately one minute, the image-receiving element was separated and contained a magenta positive image having a D of 0. 66 and a D of 0.23.
As previously stated, the novel dye developers of the present invention unexpectedly provide advantageously shorter photoexposed silver halide development induction times than those capable of being achieved employing dye developers of the prior art. Thus increased dye transfer image definition control is provided by means of the present invention, which is especially preferred to provide the integrity of separate color image records which enhances the multicolor image acuity to be obtained from multicolor transfer processes.
Such decreased development induction periods are readily illustrated by reference to the following tabular compilation, which details, for comparative purposes, the induction periods obtained employing representative dye developers of the present invention directly compared with representative dye developers of the prior art.
TABLE I Induction of the de velopment Example of photo Concentrafabricated exposed tion of dye processed in silver developer accordance halide in Dye developer in grams withseconds Control 4-methoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyD-l phenylazol-naphthalene-l-acetate 0. 36 9 0.7 est 4-methoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)phenylazo]-mphthaleue-l-ethoxy acetate 0.297 9 0.4 Control- 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1acetate. 0. 38 9 1. 9 est 41sopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroqu nonylethyD-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1-ethoxy acetat 0. 12 9 0.9 Do 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroqumonylethyl)-phenylazo[-naphthalene-l-butoxy acetate- 0. 22 17 1. 2 Do MsopropoxyQ-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1-propoxy acetate" 0. 22 16 1.4 Do 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1ethoxy acetate 5.0 8 0.6 Do 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]-naphtha1ene-1-propoxy acetate 1.0 15 0.7
tained a magenta positive image having a Dmax, of 1.56 and a D of 0.09.
EXAMPLE 11 A photosensitive element was prepared by coating a gelatin subcoated film base with a solution comprising 0.22 g. of 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(B-hydroquinonylethyl)- phenylazo] -naphthalene-l-propoxy acetate which was dissolved in 5 cc. of 2% cellulose acetate hydrogen phthalate in acetone. After this coating dried, a green-sensitive In addition, more complete hydrolysis of the dye forming the transfer image, as compared with image dyes of the prior art, is advantageously provided employing the dye developers of the present invention as is readily illustrated by reference to the following tabular compilation; which denotes the ratio of transfer image optical densities at 560 and 434 mp employing illustrative dyes of the present invention directly compared with illussilver iodobromide emulsion was coated thereupon and trative dyes of the prior art.
1 5 1 6 TABLE H imagereceiving layer. A suitable arrangement of this type comprises a support carrying a red-sensitive silverhalide W emulsion stratum, a green-sensitive silver halideemulsion y Developer at stratum and a blue-sensitive silver halide emulsion ContmL 4.1 2 (B h d i 2'26 stratum, said emulsions having associated therewith, re-
nonylethyl)-phenylazo]- spectively, a cyan dye developer, a magenta dye developer Test igggigfifilgfgfgiffiifia 2A6 and a yellow dye developer. The dye developer maybe onyl t yb-p y lutilized in the silver halide emulsion layer, for example, 0011mm gggfigg-gfifffi$35323?- 1,10 in the form of particles, or it may be employed as a layer nonylethyl)-phenylaz0]- 1O behind the appropriate silver halide emulsion strata. Each gliggg set of silver halide emulsion and associated dye developer strata may be separated from other sets by suitable inter- The dye developers of the present invention also unayers, for example, by a layer of gelatin and/or polyexpectedly provide, compared with prior art compounds, vinyl alcohol. increased dye transfer image maximum density, decreased A multilayer photosensitive element of this type jus dye transfer image minimum density, and more elfective described is illustrated in FIG. 2 of the accompanying and efficient silver development, as directly illustrated by drawing and is depicted during processing. An exposed the following tabular compilation of experimental results. photosensitive element 60 comprises: a support 58; a
TABLE III Silver image Fog silver Example optical optical fabricated density of density in and procphotoseuslphotosensi- Concenessed in tive element tive element tratlon aceord- (60 seconds (60 seconds of dye ance developdevelop Dye d veloper developer with- Din. Dmin. ment time) ment time) Control 4-isopropoxy-2-[p(B-hydroquinonylethyl)-phenylazo]- 0.38 9 0.75 0.54. 0.89 0,61 T t 4-i slggih p gx i z rfi l h y droquinonylethyl)-pl1enylazo]- 022 17 0. 94 0.25 1.00 0.53
Do 4-i s gi' o y l ilg 2 -gp g gdi g i onylethyl)-phenylazo]- 0.22 16 1.23 0.21 1.13 3.60
It is also contemplated to utilize in the preparation of layer 54 containing a cyan dye developer and a red-sensimonochromatic images, a film structure wherein the two silver hal de emulsion; a layer 50 of a magenta dye photosensitive element is coated over the image-receiving developer exhlbitmg a temporarily shifted spectr l blayer and the processing composition must permeate sorption curve and agreen-sensitive silver halide emulthrough the emulsion before reaching the image-receiving $1011; a ye e0I1ta11 'llI1g a y l ye eveloper and a layer. A structure of this type is described, for example, blue-sensitive silver halide emulsion. As noted above, each in US. Pat. No. 2,661,293, issued to Edwin H. Land on 40 set of silver halide emulsion and associated dye developer Dec, 1, 1953, and particularly with respect to FIG. 7 of strata may be separated from other sets thereof by suitsaid Patent. able interlayers (not shown), for example, by a layer of Multicolor images may be obtained using dye degelatin and/or polyvinyl alcohol. In certain instances, it velopers in diffusion-transfer reversal processes by several y he deslfahle to lheofpefate a yellow filter In front of techniques. One such technique contemplates the use of f g e eflllllslefl ahd'sueh yellow filter h y he a photosensitive silver halide stratum comprising at least Incorporated 111 an lhteflayef- However; Where deslfahle, two sets of selectively sensitized minute photosensitive elea Y l w y developef 0f th pp p Spectral ehaf' ments arranged i h f of a photosensitive Screem acterlstics and present in a state capable of functioning as Transfer processes of this type are disclosed in the coa yellow filter y be p ye In Such Instances, 3 ppending US. application of Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. arate Y l filter y he d- 748,421 (now U.S. Pat. No. 2,983,606, issued May 9, Referrmg again to G- 2, a multilayer photosensitive 1961), and also in the copending US. application of Edelement shown in processing relationship with an win H. Land, Ser. No. 448,441, filed Aug. 9, 1956 (now e ent 6 and a y 44 professing us. Pat. No. 2,968,554, issued Jan. 17, 1961). In such composition The image-receiving element 62 comprises a an embodiment, each of the minute photosensitive ele- PP fl h an image-receiving y AS noted in ments has associated therewith an appropriate dye de- Fonnechoh h 1, the llqllid Processing composition veloper in or behind the silver halide emulsion portion. 15 effeehve f Inmate v p n of the latent image in In general, a suitable photosensitive screen, prepared in the respechveexposed Sllyel' hahfle Strata and also H1Ely accordance with the disclosures of the last-mentioned coeffect restoration of the resPeehVe telhpel'a'fily Shifted pending applications, comprises minute red-sensitized e h y develeper o it$ 0 f1 giha1 h 'p he emulsion elements, minute green-sensitized emulsion eletel'lshcs After a Sultahle lmblbltleh P durin which ments and minute blue-sensitized emulsion elements arat least a P011ion 0f the y v p r ssociated with ranged in side-by-side relationship in a screen pattern and hhexpesed areas f ach of Said emulsions is transferred having associated therewith, respectively, a cyan dye deto the superposed lmage-feeelylng element e latter veloper, a magenta dye developer and a yellow dye de- 65 elemeht may be separated to Reveal the P e tiveloper. color Image Another process for obtaining multicolor transfer It Should he hoted'that 1t 1S Wlthlh e scope of this images utilizing dye developers employs an integral multilhvehhoh t0 lltlllZte, 111 ti l r dlffuslon-transfer relayer photosensitive element such as is disclosed and yefsal P P s one more the requislte y claimed in the copending US. application of Edwin H. velopers m the form of temporarily shifted y e p Land and Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. 565,135 (now U,S, In certain instances, for example, it may be desirable to Pat. No. 3,345,163, issued Oct. 3, 1967) wherein at least p y temporarily ed dye developers in association two selectively sensitized photosensitive strata are super-- with red-Sensitive and green-Sensitive S v r halide emulposed on a single support and are processed, simultanesion, together with a non-shifted dye developer associated ously and without separation, with a single, common with the blue-sensitive silver halide emulsion.
The dye developers utilized in the processes of this invention may be incorporated in the photosensitive elements, for example, in, on, or behind the respective silver halide emulsion. The dye developer may, for example, be in a coating or layer behind the silver halide emulsion and such a layer or dye developer may be applied by the use of a coating solution containing about 0.5 to 8%, by weight, of the respective dye developer. When the temporarily shifted dye developers, set forth in Examples 2 and 4, were placed in a dye carrier layer behind the greensensitive emulsion in an integral multilayer photosensitive element of the type described in connection with FIG. 2, sensitivity of the rearwardly positioned red-sensitive emulsion was extended approximately 30 mu into the shorter wave lengths of the spectrum, that is, the sensitivity of the red-sensitive emulsion was extended from approximately 640 mu down to approximately 610 mu.
The liquid processing composition herein referred to comprises at least an aqueous solution of an alkaline compound, for example, diethylamine, sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate. If the liquid processing composition is to be applied to the emulsion by being spread thereon, preferably in a relatively thin uniform layer, it may also include a viscosity-increasing compound constituting a film-forming material of the type which, when said composition is spread and dried, forms a relatively firm and relatively stable film. A preferred film-forming material is a high molecular weight polymer such as a polymeric water-soluble ether which is inert to an alkaline solution such as, for example, a hydroxyethyl cellulose or sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. Other film-forming materials or thickening agents whose ability to increase viscosity is substantially unalfected if left in solution for a long period of time may also be used. The film-forming material is preferably contained in the processing composition in suitable quantities to impart to said composition a viscosty in excess of 1,000 centipoises at a temperature of approximately 24 C. and preferably of the order of 1,000 to 200,000 centipoises at said temperature. Illustrations of suitable liquid processing compositions may be found in the several patents and copending applications herein mentioned and also in examples herein given. Under certain circumstances, it may be desirable to apply a liquid processing composition to the photosensitive element prior to exposure, in accordance with the technique described in the copending U .8. application of Edwin H. Land Ser. No. 498,672, filed Apr. 1, 1955 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,087,816, issued Apr. 30, 1963).
It will be noted that the liquid procesing composition employed may contain an auxiliary or accelerating developing agent, such as p methylaminophenol, 2,4-diaminophenol, p-benzylaminophenol, hydroquinone, toluhydroquinone, phenylhydroquinone, 4' methylphenylhydroquinone, etc. It is also contemplated to employ a plurality of auxiliary or accelerating developing agents, such as B-pyrazolidone developing agent and a benzenoid developing agent, as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,039,869, issued June 19, 1962. As examples of suitable combinations of auxiliary developing agents, mention may be made of l-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone in combination with p-benzylaminophenol and 1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone in combination with 2,5-bis-ethyleneimino-hydroquinone. Such auxiliary developing agents may be employed in the liquid processing composition or they may be initially incorporated, at least in part, in the silver halide emulsion strata or the strata containing the dye developers. It may be noted that at least a portion of the dye developer oxidized during development may be oxidized and immobilized at a result of a reaction, e.g., an energy-transfer reaction, with the oxidation product of an oxidized auxiliary developing agent, the latter developing agent being oxidized by the development of exposed silver halide. Such a reaction of oxidized developing agent with unoxidized dye developer would regenerate the auxiliary developing agent for further reaction with the exposed silver halide.
In addition, development may be effected in the presence of an onium compound, particularly a quaternary ammonium compound, in accordance with the processes disclosed in the copending U.S. application of Milton Green and Howard G. Rogers, Ser. No. 50,851, filed Aug. 22, 1960 (now U.S. Pat. No. 3,173,786, issued Mar. 16, 1965).
The dye developers are preferably selected for their ability to provide colors that are useful in carrying out subtractive color photography, i.e., cyan, magenta and yellow. It should be noted that it is within the scope of this invention to use mixtures of dye developers to obtain a desired color, e.g.. black. Thus it is to be understood that the expression color as used herein is intended to include the use of a plurality of colors to obtain black, as well as the use of a single black dye developer.
In all products employed in the practice of this invention, it is preferable to expose from the emulsion side. It is, therefore, desirable to hold the photosensitive element and the image-receiving element together at one end thereof by suitable fastening means in such manner that the photosensitive element and the image-receiving element may be spread apart from their superposed processing position during exposure. A camera apparatus suitable for processing film of the type just mentioned is provided by the Polaroid Land Camera, sold by Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, Mass., or similar camera structure such, for example, as the roll film-type camera forming the subject matter of U.S. Pat. No. 2,435,717 or the film pack-type camera forming the subject matter of U.S. Pat. No. 2,991,702. Camera apparatus of this type permits successive exposure of individual frames of the photosensitive element from the emulsion side thereof as well as individual processing of an exposed frame by bringing said exposed frame into superposed relation with a predetermined portion of the image-receiving element while drawing these portions of the film assembly between a pair of pressure rollers which rupture a container associated therewith and effect the spreading of the processing liquid released by rupture of said container, between and in contact with the exposed photosensitive frame and the predetermined, registered area of the image-receiving element.
The nature and construction of rupturable containers such as that shown in FIG. 1 is well understood in the art; see, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 2,543,181, issued to Edwin H. Land on Feb. 27, 1951, and U.S. Pat. No. 2,634,886, issued to Edwin H. Land on Apr. 14, 1953.
The image-receiving element comprises an image-receiving layer of opaque or transparent material which is liquid permeable and dyeable from alkaline solutions and which has been illustrated for purposes of simplicity as comprising a single sheet of permeable material, for example, paper. This element, however, may comprise a support upon which at least one liquid-permeable and dyeable layer is mounted. The support layer may have a water-impermeable subcoat over which the stratum of permeable and dyeable material is applied. In certain in-' stances, the dyeable layer may comprise a layer of liquid processing composition which is adpated to remain adhered to the support layer upon stripping.
As examples of useful image-receiving materials, mention may be made of nylon, e.g., N-methoxymethyk polyhexamethylene adipamide, polyvinyl alcohol, and gelatin, particularly polyvinyl alcohol or gelatin containing a dye mordant such as poly-4-vinyl pyridine, and other materials of a similar nature, as is well known in the art. The image-receiving element also may contain a development restrainer, e.g., l-phenyl-S-mercaptotetrazole, as disclosed in the copending application of Howard G. Rogers and Harriet W. Lutes, Ser. No. 50,849, filed Aug. 22, 1960.
While a rupturable container, such as container 14 in FIG. 1, provides a convenient means for spreading a liquid processing composition between layers of a film unit whereby to permit the processing to be carried out within a camera apparatus, the practices of this invention may be otherwise effected. For example, a photosensitive element, after exposure in suitable apparatus and while preventing further exposure thereafter to actinic light, may be removed from such apparatus and permeated with the liquid processing composition as by coating the composition on said photosensitive element or otherwise wetting said element with the composition following which the permeated, exposed photosensitive element, still without additional exposure to actinic light, is brought into contact with the image-receiving element for image formation in the manner heretofore described.
It is also to be understood that the invention may be successfully practiced without the use of a film-forming material in the liquid processing composition. As an illustration, a non-viscous liquid processing composition is particularly applicable with the processing technique last mentioned above and may be applied to the exposed photosensitive element by imbibition or coating practices and may be similarly applied to the imagereceiving element before said elements are brought into superposed relation or contact for carrying out the transfer of non-immobilized colorproviding substances.
It will be apparent that the relative proportions of the agents of the diffusion transfer processing composition may be altered to suit the requirements of the operator. Thus, it is within the scope of this invention to modify the herein described developing compositions by the substitution of addition of preservatives, alkalis, silver halide solvents, etc., other than those specifically mentioned. When desirable, it is also contemplated to include, in the developing composition, components such as restrainers, accelerators, etc. Similarly, the concentration of various components may be varied over a wide range and, when desirable, adaptable components may be disposed in the photosensitive element, prior to exposure, in a separate permeable layer of the photosensitive element and/or in the photosensitive emulsion.
In all examples of this specification, percentages of components are given by weight unless otherwise indicated.
Throughout the specification the expression positive image has been used. This expression should not be interpreted in a restrictive sense since it is used primarly for purposes of illustration, in that it defines the image produced on the image-carrying layer as being reversed, in the positive-negative sense, with respect to the image in the photosensitive element. As an example of an alternative meaning for positive image, assume that the photosensitive element is exposed to actinic light through a negative transparency. In this case, the latent image in the photosensitive element will be a positive and the image produced on the imagecarrying layer will be a negative. The expression positive image is intended to cover such an image produced on the image-carrying layer.
The dye developers of this invention may be used also in conventional photographic processes, such as tray or tank development of conventional photosensitive films, plates or papers to obtain black and white, monochromatic or toned prints or negatives. By way of example, a developer composition suitable for such use may cornprise an aqueous solution of approximately 1 to 2% of 20 the dye developer, 1% sodium hydroxide, 2% sodium sulfite and 0.05% potassium bromide. After develop ment is completed, any unreacted dye developer is washed out of the photosensitive element, preferably with an alkaline washing medium or other medium in which the unreacted dye developer is soluble. The expression toned is used to designate photographic images wherein the silver is retained with the precipitated dye, whereas monochromatic is intended to designate dye images free of silver.
Since certain changes may be made in the above product and process without departing from the scope of the invention herein involved, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
What is claimed is:
1. A mono-azo dye selected from the group consisting of dye developers represented by the formulae:
wherein each R represents a 1 to 10 carbon alkyl group and Y represents the atoms necessary to complete benzene or naphthalene group and Z represents a naphthyl or phenyl azo dye coupler linked to said N=N group; and said dyes further characterized in that they contain not less than one and not more than two dihydroxyphenyl groups.
2. A product as defined in claim 1 wherein said dye is 4 methoxy 2 [p-(B-hydroquinonyl ethyl)-phenylazo]- naphthalene-l-ethoxy acetate.
3. A product as defined in claim 1 wherein said dye is 4-isopropoxy-2-[p-(fl-hydroquinonyl ethyl) phenolazo]- naphthal'ene-l-ethoxy acetate.
4. A product as defined in claim 1 wherein said dye is 4 isopropoxy 2 [p (B-hydroquinonyl ethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-l-octyloxy acetate.
5. A product as defined in claim 1 wherein said dye is 4 isopropoxy 2 [p (fi-hydroquinonyl ethyl)-phenylazo]naphthalene-l-propoxy acetate.
6. A product as defined in claim 1 wherein said dye is 4 isopropoxy 2 [p (fl-hydroquinonyl ethyl)-phenylazo]-naphthalene-1-butoxy acetate.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 8/ 1967 Idelson et al 260-202 LEWIS GO'ITS, Primary Examiner C. F. WARREN, Assistant Examiner
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Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US20060087225A1 (en) *||2004-10-22||2006-04-27||Eastman Kodak Company||White OLEDs with a color-compensated electroluminescent unit|
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|US7560862B2 (en) *||2004-10-22||2009-07-14||Eastman Kodak Company||White OLEDs with a color-compensated electroluminescent unit|
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