US3823736A - Electromagnetically operated valve - Google Patents

Electromagnetically operated valve Download PDF

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US3823736A
US3823736A US33187673A US3823736A US 3823736 A US3823736 A US 3823736A US 33187673 A US33187673 A US 33187673A US 3823736 A US3823736 A US 3823736A
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Prior art keywords
valve
means
end portion
elongated
component
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L Vanti
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SIRAI Srl
SIRAI Srl SOC IT REGOLATORI AUTOMATICI IND IT
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SIRAI Srl
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0686Braking, pressure equilibration, shock absorbing
    • F16K31/0693Pressure equilibration of the armature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0603Multiple-way valves
    • F16K31/0624Lift valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0603Multiple-way valves
    • F16K31/0624Lift valves
    • F16K31/0634Lift valves with fixed seats positioned between movable valve members
    • F16K31/0637Lift valves with fixed seats positioned between movable valve members with ball shaped valve members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87169Supply and exhaust
    • Y10T137/87217Motor

Abstract

An electromagnetically operated valve, comprising a movable assembly having at least a shiftable component carrying valve means to control passages between valve chambers. The movable assembly and the shiftable component are subjected to balanced axial thrusts due to pressure fluid in each operating position thereof.

Description

United States Patent 7119] Vanti July 16, 1974 ELECTROMAGNETICALLY OPERATED [56] References Cited VALVE UNITED STATES PATENTS La nberto vanti, Milan MCC-lure I 1 7 2,612,907 10/1952 Hams 251/129 Assigneer SIral Socwta Itallana 2,826,215 3/1958 Wolfslav et al. 251/282 x Regolatari Automatici lnductriali, 3,113,432 12/1963 Watson 137/596.16 X Milan, Italy [22] Filed: Feb. [2, I973 Primary ExaminerHenry T. Klinksiek Assistant Examiner-Robert J. Miller [2]] Appl' 331376 Attorney, Agent, or Firm,Wenderoth, Lind & Ponack [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 10, 1972 Italy .L....020448/72 [57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl. l37/596.17 An electromagnetically operatedvalve, comprising a [51] Int. Cl. Fl6k 11/10 movable assembly having at least a shiftable compo- [58] nent carrying valve means to control passages between Field of Search l37/596.l7, 596.16; 7 251/138, 129,282

valve chambers. The movable assembly and the shiftable component are subjected to balanced axial thrusts due to pressure fluid in each operating position thereof.

4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures .ELECTROMAGNETICALLY OPERATED VALVE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention'concernsan electromagnetically operated valve, in particular for high and very high pressure fluids, wherein at least one valve component, axially movable under the action of control devices, comprises one or more valve means to selectively control as many valve seats or passages, between valve sections or chambers that are'in turn connectedwith suitable equipment or work means, as e.g. a pressure fluid source, a fluid consumer and an exhaust.

More specifically, the present invention concerns an electromagnetic valve of the type referred'to anddesigned for applications wherein besides an unusually quick operation, a low or very low valve driving force is required, as when controlling hydraulic servosystems wherein means for alternately and selectively connecting a consumer circuit with a pressure liquid source and with an exhaust, are provided. Such valve connection means, wherein pressures up to 120 150 kg/sq.cm. are involved, should operate in a nearly instantaneous manner, both to connect the consumer with the pressure source, and to connect the consumer with the exhaust. v I

For the above applications, electromagnet'ically controlled flow distributors are already known such distributors substantially including a movable element sealingly fitted in a seat, and comprising two tightly separated chambers that can be positioned in order to establish a direct communication between the consumer and a pressure source, or between the consumer and an exhaust, respectively. However, such devices entail great difficulties in securing a positive seal at the unusually high pressures involved, and further they show relatively long element or shuttle strokes and then-proportionally high power requirements to a related electromagnetic control.

SUMMARY OF-THE INVENTION An object of the invention is toprovide a valve adapted to control, in particular when operated by electromagnetic means, highand very high pressure fluids with short strokes of its movable element or shuttle and a reduced driving power. The word valve is to be, understood in its limitative meaning excluding distributors and comprising only a structure wherein each valve means controls a related fixed valve seat connecting valve chambers or passages.

Another object of this invention is to provide a valve of the above type. and in particular a three-way valve,

' adapted for hydraulic servo-systems and similar applications.

Accordingly, this invention concerns a valve of the type stated above, which is essentially characterized in that it comprises a moving assembly having one or more axially s'lidablecomponents each of which carries one or more valve means, to selectively control as many connecting passages between two or more valve chambers, and wherein the axial thrusts exerted on the moving assembly by the fluid pressure are wholly balanced both on the whole and individually in each valve chamber and in all axial positions of the assembly and components. Thus, and in particular for such applications, all advantages shown by conventional valves, i.e., a very short operating stroke and a superior sealing action, can be attained, while on the other hand the valve according to this invention may be operated with a reduced power, owing to a very short stroke of its movable compone-nts and to the fact that no pressure fluid forces need be overcome. Such valve may be advantageously operated by an electromagnetic control comprising a core appertaining to the moving assembly and adapted to bring the component in one of its operating positions, while the other operating position can be attained by such component, after an electromagnet deenergisation, e.g. by the action of spring means.

According to a preferred embodiment of this invention, the slidable component or components are reciprocated within a related guide body, wherein at least one of the chambers is formed, such chamber being axially defined on one sideby a passagethat is controlled by a valve means of the component, while on the opposite side the chamber is closed by a sealing portion of the same component. The component valve means and sealing portion surfaces, that are acted upon by the pressure fluid in opposite directions, have projections extending at a right angle to the component axis and which have equal areas. Further, the passage or valve seat establishes a communication between the body chamber and a further chamber, that lies outside of the guide body and fluidly communicates with both axial ends of the moving assembly, including the component(s) and core. The assembly axial ends are shaped in such a manner that the axial thrusts exerted thereon by-the fluid pressure are completely balanced with each other.

The guide body may have two axially opposed chambers respectively connected with feed and exhaust means and alternatively controlled by two valve means of a single slidable component, in order to alternatively open the body chambers into an outer chamber connected with consumer means and in communication with both ends of the slidable component and core.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an axial section across a valve, according to this invention, as shown in one of its operating positions.

FIG. 2 is a partial axial section, similar to that of FIG. 1, of the same valve in the other operating position thereof.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial sectional view of an alternative embodiment of the valve.

FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic axial section of a further embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, a valve 10 essentially comprises two main parts, connected and cooperating with each other, i.e., a part 12, forming the valve proper, and a part 14 forming an electromagnetic valve controlling means.

Valve part 12 comprises an outer body 16 having three ports, i.e., a port 18 for communication with a source of pressure fluid, a port 20 for communication with a consumer means and a port 22 for communication with an exhaust means. Body 16 further comprises a central cylindric bore 24, wherein a cylindric guide body 30 is fastened and sealed by packings 26.

Guide body 30 has a central cylindric bore 32,

wherein a slidable valve component is tightly guided, as will be explained in more detail below. Body 30 is 3 designed to cooperate with bore 24 of body 16, as well as with fixed closure walls 34 and 36 in bore 24, in order to define two similar and symmetrically opposite chambers 38 and 40, that are connected with feed port 18 and closure exhaust port 22, respectively. Closure walls 34 and 36-at least one of which carries a.

seal 28-'-are formed with valve seat definingaxial passages 42 and 44, by means of which chambers 38 and 40 can communicate with a common outer chamber 46, that is in turn connected with consumer port 20.

As previously stated, within cylindric bore 32 of body 30 is slidingly fitted a valve component or shuttle 48, having a truncated-cone head 50, that forms a closing means for valve passage or seat 42. Shuttle 48 has from head 50 a reduced diameter stem 52 extending across chamber 38 ending in a truncated-cone bottom head 54, that merges into a main cylindrical shuttle portion which is slidingly fitted in bore 32, the head surfaces 50 and 54 being able to balance the axial thrusts that are exerted on shuttle 48 by the pressure fluid in chamber 38.

The lower section of the main cylindrical portion of shuttle 48 ends in a truncated cone portion 56, within the other chamber 40, and then a reduced diameter stem 58 extending across chamber 40 and bearing at its free end against a ball 60 adapted to close passage or seat 44. Ball 60 is urged in the direction of stem 58 by a spring means 62, that is held by a threaded element 64, having an axial bore 66, for connection with outer chamber'46. In order to allow valve assembling operations, chamber-46 is closed by a threaded plug 68, screwed onto the end of body 16.

The top of shuttle 48 extends beyond passage 42 and is formed with an annular projection 70, that acts to keep passage 42 open through the dynamic action thereon of fluid flowing out of seat 42. The shuttle top further carries an axial projection 72, that is acted upon by electromagnetic control means.

The electromagnetic control means comprise a movable corev 74 axially guided with a given clearance within a cylindric seat 86' that is welded to a valve outer chamber top closing element 76, threadedly setionary upper holding element 86 carries guide 86' and closed by valve means 50, that rests on the edge thereof, while spring 82 is compressed. Conversely, passage 44 is open and spring 62 is compressed, the stiffness of spring 62 being lower than that of springs 82 and 84. Then, the pressure fluid coming from source port 18 fills chamber 38 and the axial thrusts, as exerted on shuttle 48 by the fluid pressure, are wholly balanced in chamber 38, as above explained. Chambers 46 and 40 are connected with the exhaust port 22.

Starting from the above conditions, an electromagnet energisation results in a practically instantaneous shifting of shuttle 48, due to the action of spring 62 and with a compression of spring 84. Such shifting causes the passage 42 to open, and such opening is assisted by the dynamic action exerted by the fluid acting on the annular projection 70. Simultaneously the passage 44 is closed and the pressure fluid fills chamber 46 and then is fed to consumer port 20. Even under such conditions and during the transition step, the axial thrusts exerted by the pressure fluid on shuttle 48 are wholly balanced. Indeed, as it can be readily seen in FIG. 2, the pressure fluid in chamber 38, in the upper section of chamber 46 and in a seat 46', between core 74 and holding element 86, exerts on the valve moving assembly (shuttle and core) a downwardly directed stress (as in the drawing) that corresponds to the product of the fluid pressure value and the surface area of shuttle 48 in a crosssection taken perpendicularly to the axis thereof in the shuttle portion guided within bore 32. In fact, a downwardly directed thrust, as exerted by the pressure fluid within chamber 46, is partially balanced by an upwardly directed thrust as exerted against the exposed surfaces of core and shuttle in chambers 46 and 38, whereby the downwardly directed resultant trust is' equal to the product of the fluid pressure value and the cross section of stem 52, plus the action on the surface 54. However, this downwardly directed thrust is balanced by an equal, oppositely directed thrust, as exerted by the fluid pressure in the lower section of chamber 46 against valve means 60. Accordingly a successive valve motion can be performed quickly and with a low force.

From the above, it can be easily undestood that the valve according to this invention can be operated also when core 74 is shifted toward shuttle 48 upon an electromagnet energisation. In this occurrence, the valve will be opened upon an electromagnet deenergisation, by the action of spring 62 that will show a stiffness greater than that of spring 84. Then, spring 84 acts only as core holding and centering means, while the valve closure is caused by an electromagnet energisation.

Finally, as shown in FIG. 3, a cone-shaped valve means 60, e.g. screwed as by 94 to stem 58, may be substitued for ball 60. In any occurrence the pressure fluid is always axially fed' to passage 44 in order to wholly envelope valve means 60 or 60"and attain the best hydrodynamic conditions.

It is to be understood that this invention may take the form of many other embodiments, with different modifications, according to particular use requirements. Thus, e.g., as shown in FIG. 4, the shiftable component 48 may be subdivided into two components 48' and 48", which are simultaneously operated by core 74 and spring means 62 and 62". Each component defines a chamber 38 and 40 in body 30 which fluidly communicate with a common chamber 46 by means of a passage 46.

While specific embodiments of this invention have been herein shown and disclosed, it is to be understood that many changes may be made therein, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

1 claim:

1. An electromagnetically operated valve for the con trol of high pressure fluids, said valve comprising:

a valve body having cylindrical bore means extending completely therethrough;

elongated valve component means positioned to slide within said cylindrical bore means;

first chamber means formed between said valve body and a first end portion of said elongated valve component means;

a first valve seat adjacent said first end portion of said elongated valve component means;

second chamber means formed between said valve body and a second end portion of said elongated valve component means;

a second valve seat adjacent said second end portion of said elongated valve component means;

a first port connected to said first chamber means and to a source of pressure fluid; 1

a second port connected to said second chamber means and to an exhaust;

a passage exterior of said cylindrical bore means connecting said first and second valve seats;

a third port connected to said passage and to a consumer device;

elastic means operable on one end portion of said elongated valve component means urging said elongated valve component means to a first position into contact with one of said first or second valve seats, thereby connecting said third port with one of said first or second ports; and

electromagnetic valve controlling means operable on an opposite end portion of said elongated valve component means for selectively moving said elongated valve component means to a second position into contact with the other of said first or second valve seats, thereby connecting said third port with the other of said first or second ports.

' 6 2. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical bore means comprises a single bore; and said elongated valve component means comprises a single component having a cylindrical mid-portion in sliding contact with said single bore, first and second reduced diameter sections extending from both ends of said mid-portion and in communication respectively with' said first and second chamber means, and first and second valve contacting surfaces respectively at the remote ends of said first and second reduced diameter sections for contact respectively with said first and second valve seats.

3. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical bore means comprises first and second bores; said elongated valve component means comprises first and second components; said first component having a cylindrical lower end portion in sliding contact with said first bore, a reduced diameter mid-portion in communication with said first chamber means, and a valve contacting upper end portion for contact with said first valve seat; and said second component having a cylindrical upper end portion in sliding contact with said second bore, a reduced diameter mid-portion in communication with said second chamber means, and a valve contacting lower end portion for contact with said second valve seat.

4. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electromagnetic valve controlling means comprises a movable core, a coil surrounding said core, and spring means having a stiffness greater than said elastic means positioned between said core and said elongated valve component means for urging said elongated valve component means into said second position,

Claims (4)

1. An electromagnetically operated valve for the control of high pressure fluids, said valve comprising: a valve body having cylindrical bore means extending completely therethrough; elongated valve component means positioned to slide within said cylindrical bore means; first chamber means formed between said valve body and a first end portion of said elongated valve component means; a first valve seat adjacent said first end portion of said elongated valve component means; second chamber means formed between said valve body and a second end portion of said elongated valve component means; a second valve seat adjacent said second end portion of said elongated valve component means; a first port connected to said first chamber means and to a source of pressure fluid; 1 a second port connected to said second chamber means and to an exhaust; a passage exterior of said cylindrical bore means connecting said first and second valve seats; a third port connected to said passage and to a consumer device; elastic means operable on one end portion of said elongated valve component means urging said elongated valve component means to a first position into contact with one of said first or second valve seats, thereby connecting said third port with one of said first or second ports; and electromagnetic valve controlling means operable on an opposite end portion of said elongated valve component means for selectively moving said elongated valve component means to a second position into contact with the other of said first or second valve seats, thereby connecting said third port with the other of said first or second ports.
2. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical bore means comprises a single bore; and said elongated vAlve component means comprises a single component having a cylindrical mid-portion in sliding contact with said single bore, first and second reduced diameter sections extending from both ends of said mid-portion and in communication respectively with said first and second chamber means, and first and second valve contacting surfaces respectively at the remote ends of said first and second reduced diameter sections for contact respectively with said first and second valve seats.
3. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical bore means comprises first and second bores; said elongated valve component means comprises first and second components; said first component having a cylindrical lower end portion in sliding contact with said first bore, a reduced diameter mid-portion in communication with said first chamber means, and a valve contacting upper end portion for contact with said first valve seat; and said second component having a cylindrical upper end portion in sliding contact with said second bore, a reduced diameter mid-portion in communication with said second chamber means, and a valve contacting lower end portion for contact with said second valve seat.
4. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said electromagnetic valve controlling means comprises a movable core, a coil surrounding said core, and spring means having a stiffness greater than said elastic means positioned between said core and said elongated valve component means for urging said elongated valve component means into said second position.
US33187673 1972-02-10 1973-02-12 Electromagnetically operated valve Expired - Lifetime US3823736A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT2044872A IT947485B (en) 1972-02-10 1972-02-10 in particular to valve actuates electromagnetic chin

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US (1) US3823736A (en)
JP (1) JPS5725721B2 (en)
CA (1) CA979780A (en)
DE (1) DE2306480A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2171342B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1416367A (en)
IT (1) IT947485B (en)
SU (1) SU530654A3 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4086889A (en) * 1975-08-05 1978-05-02 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electromagnetic selector valve system
US4338966A (en) * 1979-02-09 1982-07-13 Chrysler Corporation Direct solenoid operated directional control valve
FR2801416A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2001-05-25 Parker Hannifin Rak Sa Miniature solenoid valve, assembly methods
US20040171076A1 (en) * 2001-12-20 2004-09-02 Dejneka Matthew J. Detectable micro to nano sized structures, methods of manufacture and use
US20040216728A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-11-04 Jong Paul Garfield Paintball marker and kit of parts therefor
US20050145235A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2005-07-07 Jong Paul G. Trigger system for paintball marker
US20070131289A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-06-14 Pataki Arpad M Pressure balanced three-way valve for motion control
US20080149870A1 (en) * 2005-02-23 2008-06-26 Schaeffler Kg Electronically Controllable Distributing Valve
CN103603968A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-02-26 西安航空动力控制科技有限公司 Bidirectional-sealing two-position three-way fuel solenoid valve
WO2018063055A1 (en) * 2016-09-28 2018-04-05 Freevalve Ab Multi-way valve as well as actuator comprising such a multi-way valve
CN109185256A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-11 李军 A kind of ball valve

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DE3043871C2 (en) * 1980-11-21 1990-01-04 Wabco Westinghouse Steuerungstechnik Gmbh & Co, 3000 Hannover, De
DE3732553A1 (en) * 1987-09-26 1989-04-13 Bosch Gmbh Robert Magnetic valve
EP0380754B1 (en) * 1989-01-28 1995-11-15 KUHNKE GmbH Force-balanced lift valve
DE4020951A1 (en) * 1990-06-30 1992-01-02 Bosch Gmbh Robert Magnetic valve
DE9109976U1 (en) * 1991-08-12 1991-10-10 Heilmeier & Weinlein Fabrik Fuer Oel-Hydraulik Gmbh & Co Kg, 8000 Muenchen, De
US5205323A (en) * 1992-03-18 1993-04-27 Automatic Switch Company Valve and operator therefor
DE19960630B4 (en) * 1998-12-18 2014-01-16 Entegris, Inc. Plastic valve
GB2385108B (en) * 1998-12-18 2003-09-24 Entegris Inc Creep resistant valve
EP2053254B1 (en) * 2007-10-24 2010-03-17 Festo AG & Co. KG Fluid valve assembly with at least one electromagnetic valve and an identification data containing device
WO2019058710A1 (en) * 2017-09-25 2019-03-28 Kyb株式会社 Solenoid actuator and method for manufacturing solenoid actuator

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US2404514A (en) * 1944-11-18 1946-07-23 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Valve device
US2612907A (en) * 1950-12-19 1952-10-07 Skinner Chuck Company Valve construction
US2826215A (en) * 1954-04-21 1958-03-11 Alco Valve Co Balanced pressure solenoid valve
US3113432A (en) * 1960-04-14 1963-12-10 Applied Power Ind Inc Method and apparatus for controlling high pressure fluid by low pressure blocking

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CH416252A (en) * 1963-11-27 1966-06-30 Teves Kg Alfred charge valve

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2404514A (en) * 1944-11-18 1946-07-23 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Valve device
US2612907A (en) * 1950-12-19 1952-10-07 Skinner Chuck Company Valve construction
US2826215A (en) * 1954-04-21 1958-03-11 Alco Valve Co Balanced pressure solenoid valve
US3113432A (en) * 1960-04-14 1963-12-10 Applied Power Ind Inc Method and apparatus for controlling high pressure fluid by low pressure blocking

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4086889A (en) * 1975-08-05 1978-05-02 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Electromagnetic selector valve system
US4338966A (en) * 1979-02-09 1982-07-13 Chrysler Corporation Direct solenoid operated directional control valve
FR2801416A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2001-05-25 Parker Hannifin Rak Sa Miniature solenoid valve, assembly methods
EP1103992A1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2001-05-30 Parker Hannifin Rak S.A. Miniature electromagnetic valve and assembling procedure
US6450198B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2002-09-17 Parker Hannifin Rak Sa Miniature solenoid valve, and methods of manufacturing it
US20040171076A1 (en) * 2001-12-20 2004-09-02 Dejneka Matthew J. Detectable micro to nano sized structures, methods of manufacture and use
US20040216728A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-11-04 Jong Paul Garfield Paintball marker and kit of parts therefor
US20050115553A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2005-06-02 Paul Garfield Jong Paintball marker and kit of parts therefor
US20050145235A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2005-07-07 Jong Paul G. Trigger system for paintball marker
US7210473B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2007-05-01 Paul Garfield Jong Paintball marker and kit of parts therefor
US20080149870A1 (en) * 2005-02-23 2008-06-26 Schaeffler Kg Electronically Controllable Distributing Valve
US20070131289A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-06-14 Pataki Arpad M Pressure balanced three-way valve for motion control
US7717128B2 (en) 2005-11-07 2010-05-18 Arpad Matyas Pataki Pressure balanced three-way valve for motion control
CN103603968A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-02-26 西安航空动力控制科技有限公司 Bidirectional-sealing two-position three-way fuel solenoid valve
WO2018063055A1 (en) * 2016-09-28 2018-04-05 Freevalve Ab Multi-way valve as well as actuator comprising such a multi-way valve
CN109996983A (en) * 2016-09-28 2019-07-09 弗瑞瓦勒夫股份公司 Multi-way valve and actuator including this multi-way valve
EP3519720A4 (en) * 2016-09-28 2020-06-03 Freevalve Ab Multi-way valve as well as actuator comprising such a multi-way valve
CN109185256A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-01-11 李军 A kind of ball valve

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Publication number Publication date
JPS4892917A (en) 1973-12-01
IT947485B (en) 1973-05-21
FR2171342A1 (en) 1973-09-21
CA979780A1 (en)
SU530654A3 (en) 1976-09-30
GB1416367A (en) 1975-12-03
CA979780A (en) 1975-12-16
JPS5725721B2 (en) 1982-05-31
FR2171342B1 (en) 1978-09-29
DE2306480A1 (en) 1973-08-16

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