US3821975A - Automotive wheel lock means - Google Patents

Automotive wheel lock means Download PDF

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Publication number
US3821975A
US3821975A US30711772A US3821975A US 3821975 A US3821975 A US 3821975A US 30711772 A US30711772 A US 30711772A US 3821975 A US3821975 A US 3821975A
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United States
Prior art keywords
nut
wrench
openings
member
wheel
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Expired - Lifetime
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L Haker
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L Haker
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B3/00Disc wheels, i.e. wheels with load-supporting disc body
    • B60B3/14Attaching disc body to hub ; Wheel adapters
    • B60B3/16Attaching disc body to hub ; Wheel adapters by bolts or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes
    • B25B13/485Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for theft-proof screws, bolts or nuts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B23/00Specially shaped nuts or heads of bolts or screws for rotations by a tool
    • F16B23/0069Specially shaped nuts or heads of bolts or screws for rotations by a tool with holes to be engaged with corresponding pins on the tool or protruding pins to be engaged with corresponding holes on the tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/919Screw having driving contacts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5611For control and machine elements
    • Y10T70/5854Bolt, nut, stud, stud-cap
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5889For automotive vehicles
    • Y10T70/5982Accessories
    • Y10T70/5987Spare or mounted wheel or tire
    • Y10T70/5991Tire or rim only

Abstract

An automotive wheel nut has a frusto-conical periphery and in its outer end face has a pair of wrench receiving openings of different diameters and spaced angularly at oblique angles. A wrench member in the shape of a nut has a clearance hole to fit over the wheel stud which projects from the nut and has pins in its inner face so spaced and sized as to fit the openings in the nut. A conventional wrench is employed for manipulating the wrench member to tighten or loosen the wheel nut.

Description

United States Patent [191 Haker 111] 3,821,975 51 July 2,1974

AUTOMOTIVE WHEEL LOCK MEANS [76] Inventor: Leroy C. Haker, 1011 Rice Rd.,

Elma, NY. 14059 [22] Filed: Nov. 16, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 307,117

[52] 0.8. CI 145/50 A, 70/229, 70/260, 85/45 [51] Int. Cl B25b 15/00 [58] Field of Search 145/50 R, A; /229, 70/259, 260; /45

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 218,275 8/1879 Jones 85/45 UX 673,056 4/1901 Jacobs.... /50 A 1,298,398 3/1919 Purple 70/229 UX 1,447,564 3/1923 Norlund et a1 70/260 X 2,286,950 6/1942 Breedlove 70/229 X 3,073,206 l/1963 Rudolph 3,492,841 2/1970 Ipri 145/50 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 480,235 4/1953 Italy 85/45 948,413 I/1949 France 85/45 303,545 12/1932 Italy 70/229 OTHER PUBLICATIONS Popular Mechanics, June 1942, p. 45.

Primary Examiner-Al Lawrence Smith Assistant Examiner.1. T. Zatarga Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Christel & Bean 5 7] ABSTRACT 2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEBJuL 2 I974 IIIIHHHIIIIII! I i FIG. 5.

AUTOMOTIVE WHEEL LOCK MEANS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to threaded fasteners for securing automotive wheels to axles or brake drums of vehicles.

Very substantiallosses are incurred by the unauthorized removal or theft of automotive wheels from vehicles and numerous locking devices have been proposed to prevent such unauthorized removal or theft. One general type of locking device involves special wheel nut means which requires a special wrench for operating the wheel nut to remove the same.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The wheel lock arrangement of the present invention is of the latter type, involving novel wheel lock nuts and a wrench therefor. The arrangement of the present invention is extremely simple and economical to manufacture and is further characterized by the fact that an infinite number of combinations of nuts and wrench members may be provided without any great variation in the manufacturing operations required for the production of the special and various nuts and wrench devices.

Furthermore the special wrench element which keys to the wheel attaching nuts of a vehicle wheel is itself a simple nut-like element which in turn is operated by conventional wrench means -to apply, or remove the wheel locking nuts.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a disassembled elevational view, partly in cross section, of a representative wheel mounting stud, securing nut, and wrench member of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a cap nut which is applied to the wheel stud to cover the projecting portion thereof when the wheel nuts are securing the wheel in position;

FIG. 3 is an end view of the wheel nut element of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 4 is an end view of the special wrench member of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT In general automotive wheels are mounted on the axles of automobiles by means of studs which extend outwardly from a drum coupled to the end portion of the vehicle axle. The studs pass through openings in the wheel and are threaded to receive lug nuts.

In FIG. 1 the numeral designates one of a series of wheel mounting studs which extend outwardly from a brake drum or the like (not shown) and the numeral 11 designated a portion of a conventional vehicle wheel. One form of the wheel nut of the present invention is shown at 12 in FIG. 1 and in FIG. 2.

As there shown, nut 12 has a slightly frustoconical periphery and has the usual beveled projection 14 at its inner face for centering engagement with the complementary beveled formation surrounding the stud opening of wheel 11. At its outer face nut 12 is provided with a pair of openings 15 and 16 for cooperation with a special complementary wrench element.

As appears clearly from FIG. 3 which shows the outer face of nut 12, the openings 15 and 16 are of different diameters. Furthermore, the openings are not diametrically opposite to each other. Thus by varying the diameters of the two openings and by varying the angles at which'they are displaced from each other an infinite number of combinations is readily attained with only slight differences in appearance and without requiring highly special fabricating machinery or expensive milling operations in forming the nuts and the related wrench members.

The wrench member of the present embodiment is designated 18 and is shown at the left hand side of FIG. 1 and in FIG. 4. Wrench member 18 is actually an intermediate or adaptor member which acts between nut 12 and a conventional wrench which may be an adjustable wrench, a socket wrench, or the like.

Wrench member 18 has a clearance hole 19 so that it may be slipped over the outer projecting end portion of a stud l0 and is provided at its inner face with projecting pins 20 and 21 which fit into the openings 15 and 16, respectively, of nut 12. In applying wrench member 18 to nut 12 it is merely necessary to fit the wrench member over stud 10 and rotate the same until pins 20 and 21 enter openings 15 and 16.

With wrench member 18 thus positioned it is merely necessary to apply a conventional wrench to the extereach stud l0 and by tightening the same against nut 12 serves as a lock nut therefor. Cap'nut 23 has a blind threaded opening therein. I

A preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described herein and shown in the accompanying drawings to illustrate the underlying principles of the invention but it is to be understood that numerous modifications may be made without departing from the broad spirit and scope of the invention.

I claim:

1. In combination, a nut member for engagement with a vehicle wheel stud and a cooperating wrench member, said members having relatively flat faces adapted to be juxtaposed, said nut member having a pair of eccentrically disposed openings in its face and said wrench member having a pair of pins at its face for interfitting engagement in said openings, said pairs of openings and interfitting pins being angularly obliquely displaced whereby said nut member can be engaged only by a complementary wrench member in the hands of an authorized person, said wrench member being externally formed to be engaged by conventional wrench means, and said wrench member having a central clearance opening adapted to fit over the portion of the wheel stud which projects from said nut.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said openings are of different diameters and said pins are likewise of different diameters to fit within said openings.

Claims (2)

1. In combination, a nut member for engagement with a vehicle wheel stud and a cooperating wrench member, said members having relatively flat faces adapted to be juxtaposed, said nut member having a pair of eccentrically disposed openings in its face and said wrench member having a pair of pins at its face for interfitting engagement in said openings, said pairs of openings and interfitting pins being angularly obliquely displaced whereby said nut member can be engaged only by a complementary wrench member in the hands of an authorized person, said wrench member being externally formed to be engaged by conventional wrench means, and said wrench member having a central clearance opening adapted to fit over the portion of the wheel stud which projects from said nut.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said openings are of different diameters and said pins are likewise of different diameters to fit within said openings.
US30711772 1972-11-16 1972-11-16 Automotive wheel lock means Expired - Lifetime US3821975A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US30711772 US3821975A (en) 1972-11-16 1972-11-16 Automotive wheel lock means

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US30711772 US3821975A (en) 1972-11-16 1972-11-16 Automotive wheel lock means
BE144667A BE815440A (en) 1972-11-16 1974-05-22 Threaded fasteners for motor vehicles wheels

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US3821975A true US3821975A (en) 1974-07-02

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4137681A (en) * 1977-10-06 1979-02-06 A. P. Green Refractories Co. Fastening device for securing wear-resistant tiles to a backing
US4170918A (en) * 1977-10-28 1979-10-16 Burge William G Theft-prevention screw fastening
US4176786A (en) * 1976-11-25 1979-12-04 Braukmann Armaturen Ag Concealed thermostatic control valve
US4277107A (en) * 1979-05-29 1981-07-07 Stone Samuel L Security bolts for trailer wheels
US4280348A (en) * 1979-11-19 1981-07-28 Teston Richard E Automotive vehicle wheel cover locking means
USD270229S (en) 1980-10-22 1983-08-23 The Eastern Company Tool and operator head for tool-operated lock
USD270424S (en) 1980-10-22 1983-09-06 The Eastern Company Tool operator for tool-operated locks
US4406026A (en) * 1982-09-07 1983-09-27 Steimle Wayne D Pool or spa sweep jet head attachments
US4584914A (en) * 1984-08-01 1986-04-29 Champion International Corporation Retainer wrench
US4618299A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-10-21 Mcgard, Inc. Locknut and key therefor
US4625599A (en) * 1985-07-22 1986-12-02 Icard Charles R Half-inch lug lock key
US4648293A (en) * 1983-06-10 1987-03-10 Mcgard, Inc. Locknut and key therefor
US4673420A (en) * 1986-02-10 1987-06-16 Haker Leroy C Desiccant dryer
US4742702A (en) * 1987-03-16 1988-05-10 Swertz Edward P Anti-theft device for a wheel lug nut
DK154912B (en) * 1976-11-25 1989-01-02 Honeywell Braukmann Gmbh Thermostatic control valve
WO1991017364A1 (en) * 1990-05-01 1991-11-14 Masco Industries, Inc. Lock and hexagonal nut combination for mounting vehicle wheels
EP0476158A1 (en) * 1990-08-15 1992-03-25 U-Haul International, Inc. Extended grip range fastener and driver
US5199838A (en) * 1991-12-19 1993-04-06 Luke David E Nut for use on roadways, runways, in reinforced concrete construction, and the like
US5349834A (en) * 1992-03-17 1994-09-27 Tortoise Products, Inc. Adhesively mounted security system
US5553521A (en) * 1994-07-13 1996-09-10 Dunn; David S. Door spring adjusting tool
WO2001057347A1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2001-08-09 Meyers William S A retainer lock
US6547500B2 (en) * 2000-09-13 2003-04-15 Huck Patents, Inc. Blind fastener and drive nut assembly
US6609401B1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2003-08-26 Yuriy Iskhakbayev Car wheel anti-theft device
US6676347B2 (en) 2000-09-13 2004-01-13 Huck Patents, Inc. Blind fastener and drive nut assembly
US20040148985A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2004-08-05 Swanson Richard C. Fastener lockout device
US20040200323A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Ellerson Henry Watkins Wrench for recessed nuts
US20050204689A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-09-22 Dejohn Louis Jr Tapered nut kit and methods of use
US20110259255A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-10-27 John Pitts Tamper Proof Boat Drain Plug
US20140077582A1 (en) * 2012-09-14 2014-03-20 Toby Jack Sims Wheel security lock
US20140081339A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2014-03-20 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Anchor having a controlled driver orientation
US9200666B1 (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-12-01 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle wheel lock assembly
US9429181B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-08-30 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle wheel lock assembly
US9579189B2 (en) 2007-08-16 2017-02-28 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Helicoil interference fixation system for attaching a graft ligament to a bone
US9775702B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2017-10-03 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US9788828B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-10-17 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Miniaturized dual drive open architecture suture anchor
US9808298B2 (en) 2013-04-09 2017-11-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Open-architecture interference screw
US9808337B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2017-11-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US9901355B2 (en) 2011-03-11 2018-02-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Trephine
US9924934B2 (en) 2011-06-07 2018-03-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Surgical anchor delivery system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US218275A (en) * 1879-08-05 Improvement in vehicle-axle boxes
US673056A (en) * 1901-01-02 1901-04-30 William S Jacobs Spanner.
US1298398A (en) * 1916-01-17 1919-03-25 Flexible Steel Lacing Co Securing device for lamp-guards.
US1447564A (en) * 1921-11-10 1923-03-06 Olof A Norlund Lock housing for screws or bolts
US2286950A (en) * 1942-02-02 1942-06-16 Charles B Breedlove Theft-preventing device
FR948413A (en) * 1947-06-06 1949-08-01 antitheft nut
US3073206A (en) * 1959-04-08 1963-01-15 Eugene A Rudolph Cap screws with replaceable inserts
US3492841A (en) * 1968-07-17 1970-02-03 Anthony P Ipri Threaded nut lock

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US218275A (en) * 1879-08-05 Improvement in vehicle-axle boxes
US673056A (en) * 1901-01-02 1901-04-30 William S Jacobs Spanner.
US1298398A (en) * 1916-01-17 1919-03-25 Flexible Steel Lacing Co Securing device for lamp-guards.
US1447564A (en) * 1921-11-10 1923-03-06 Olof A Norlund Lock housing for screws or bolts
US2286950A (en) * 1942-02-02 1942-06-16 Charles B Breedlove Theft-preventing device
FR948413A (en) * 1947-06-06 1949-08-01 antitheft nut
US3073206A (en) * 1959-04-08 1963-01-15 Eugene A Rudolph Cap screws with replaceable inserts
US3492841A (en) * 1968-07-17 1970-02-03 Anthony P Ipri Threaded nut lock

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Popular Mechanics, June 1942, p. 45. *

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4176786A (en) * 1976-11-25 1979-12-04 Braukmann Armaturen Ag Concealed thermostatic control valve
DK154912B (en) * 1976-11-25 1989-01-02 Honeywell Braukmann Gmbh Thermostatic control valve
US4137681A (en) * 1977-10-06 1979-02-06 A. P. Green Refractories Co. Fastening device for securing wear-resistant tiles to a backing
US4170918A (en) * 1977-10-28 1979-10-16 Burge William G Theft-prevention screw fastening
US4277107A (en) * 1979-05-29 1981-07-07 Stone Samuel L Security bolts for trailer wheels
US4280348A (en) * 1979-11-19 1981-07-28 Teston Richard E Automotive vehicle wheel cover locking means
USD270229S (en) 1980-10-22 1983-08-23 The Eastern Company Tool and operator head for tool-operated lock
USD270424S (en) 1980-10-22 1983-09-06 The Eastern Company Tool operator for tool-operated locks
US4406026A (en) * 1982-09-07 1983-09-27 Steimle Wayne D Pool or spa sweep jet head attachments
US4648293A (en) * 1983-06-10 1987-03-10 Mcgard, Inc. Locknut and key therefor
US4618299A (en) * 1984-03-07 1986-10-21 Mcgard, Inc. Locknut and key therefor
US4584914A (en) * 1984-08-01 1986-04-29 Champion International Corporation Retainer wrench
US4625599A (en) * 1985-07-22 1986-12-02 Icard Charles R Half-inch lug lock key
US4673420A (en) * 1986-02-10 1987-06-16 Haker Leroy C Desiccant dryer
US4742702A (en) * 1987-03-16 1988-05-10 Swertz Edward P Anti-theft device for a wheel lug nut
WO1991017364A1 (en) * 1990-05-01 1991-11-14 Masco Industries, Inc. Lock and hexagonal nut combination for mounting vehicle wheels
EP0476158A1 (en) * 1990-08-15 1992-03-25 U-Haul International, Inc. Extended grip range fastener and driver
US5199838A (en) * 1991-12-19 1993-04-06 Luke David E Nut for use on roadways, runways, in reinforced concrete construction, and the like
US5349834A (en) * 1992-03-17 1994-09-27 Tortoise Products, Inc. Adhesively mounted security system
US5520031A (en) * 1992-03-17 1996-05-28 Tortoise Products, Inc. Adhesively mounted security system
US5623842A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-04-29 Tortoise Products, Inc. Mountable device for securing portable items
US5649436A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-07-22 Tortoise Products, Inc. Adhesively mounted security system
US5553521A (en) * 1994-07-13 1996-09-10 Dunn; David S. Door spring adjusting tool
WO2001057347A1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2001-08-09 Meyers William S A retainer lock
US6547500B2 (en) * 2000-09-13 2003-04-15 Huck Patents, Inc. Blind fastener and drive nut assembly
US6676347B2 (en) 2000-09-13 2004-01-13 Huck Patents, Inc. Blind fastener and drive nut assembly
US6609401B1 (en) * 2002-09-10 2003-08-26 Yuriy Iskhakbayev Car wheel anti-theft device
US20040148985A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2004-08-05 Swanson Richard C. Fastener lockout device
US6910355B2 (en) * 2003-02-04 2005-06-28 Richard C. Swanson Fastener lockout device
US20040200323A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Ellerson Henry Watkins Wrench for recessed nuts
US20050204689A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-09-22 Dejohn Louis Jr Tapered nut kit and methods of use
US9579189B2 (en) 2007-08-16 2017-02-28 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Helicoil interference fixation system for attaching a graft ligament to a bone
US9788935B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2017-10-17 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US20140081339A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2014-03-20 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Anchor having a controlled driver orientation
US9775702B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2017-10-03 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US9808337B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2017-11-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US9579188B2 (en) * 2010-03-10 2017-02-28 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Anchor having a controlled driver orientation
US9931195B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2018-04-03 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Composite interference screws and drivers
US20110259255A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-10-27 John Pitts Tamper Proof Boat Drain Plug
US9901355B2 (en) 2011-03-11 2018-02-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Trephine
US9924934B2 (en) 2011-06-07 2018-03-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Surgical anchor delivery system
US20140077582A1 (en) * 2012-09-14 2014-03-20 Toby Jack Sims Wheel security lock
US8739585B2 (en) * 2012-09-14 2014-06-03 Toby Jack Sims Wheel security lock
US9788828B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-10-17 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Miniaturized dual drive open architecture suture anchor
US9808298B2 (en) 2013-04-09 2017-11-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Open-architecture interference screw
US9429181B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2016-08-30 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle wheel lock assembly
US9200666B1 (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-12-01 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle wheel lock assembly

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BE815440A1 (en)

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