US3814538A - Air inlet throat for fans - Google Patents

Air inlet throat for fans Download PDF

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Publication number
US3814538A
US3814538A US28217672A US3814538A US 3814538 A US3814538 A US 3814538A US 28217672 A US28217672 A US 28217672A US 3814538 A US3814538 A US 3814538A
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Prior art keywords
ring
air inlet
rings
fan wheel
fan
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Expired - Lifetime
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L Sjoqvist
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Svenska Flaktfabriken AB
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Svenska Flaktfabriken AB
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Priority to US28217672 priority Critical patent/US3814538A/en
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Publication of US3814538A publication Critical patent/US3814538A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/40Casings; Connections of working fluid
    • F04D29/52Casings; Connections of working fluid for axial pumps
    • F04D29/54Fluid-guiding means, e.g. diffusers
    • F04D29/541Specially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/545Ducts
    • F04D29/547Ducts having a special shape in order to influence fluid flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/40Casings; Connections of working fluid
    • F04D29/403Casings; Connections of working fluid especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps

Abstract

A frame for the inlet of a fan having a fan wheel of either the axial flow or radial flow type, wherein the frame comprises an outer hollow cylindrical ring facing the inlet, an inner ring of smaller diameter facing the fan wheel and an abrupt transition between the rings provided by an annular flange. The ratio of the diameters of the inner and outer rings is within a critical range and is related to the length of the rings so that the air flow into the fan wheel generates a toroidal whirling and tumbling of the flow in the corner between the outer ring and the annular flange.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Sjoqvist AIR INLET THROAT FOR FANS [75] Inventor: Lennart S. G. Sjoqvist, .lonkoping,

Sweden [73] Assignee: Aktiebolaget Svenska Flaktfabriken,

Nacka, Sweden Great Britain 4l5/l 82 June 4, 1974 [57] ABSTRACT A frame for the inlet of a fan having a fan wheel of either the axial flow or radial flow type, wherein the frame comprises an outer hollow cylindrical ring facing the inlet, an inner ring of smaller diameter facing the fan wheel and an abrupt transition between the rings provided by an annular flange. The ratio of the diameters of the inner and outer rings is within a critical range and is related to the length of the rings so that the air flow into the fan wheel generates a toroidal whirling and tumbling of the flow in the corner between the outer ring and the annular flange.

4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures AIR INLET THROAT FOR FANS The present invention relates to an air inlet throat for fans with a fan wheel for the transport of a gaseous medium, which comprises a frame surrounding the air inlet, said frame consisting of at least two rings of a certain width and of different diameters and arranged close to each other and having a decreasing cross section area for the gaseous medium in the flow direction of same.

The fan wheel of such an air inlet arrangement is commonly located in the ring having the smallest diameter and the ring with the greater diameter is located at the inlet passage for the gaseous medium and the rings are mutually joined in pairs by means of an annular ring thereby creating an abrupt diminishing cross section area for the flowing gaseous medium being transported by the fan wheel due to that the outer and inner diameters of said annular flange substantially correspond to the diameter of the great ring respectively of said small ring, said abrupt diminishing cross section area being arranged to create a toroid-like part of said gaseous medium rolling against said annular flange.

For such air inlets for fan wheels where the air inlet is circular there is in the prior art of manufacturing such devices with a continuously decreasing cross section flow area the demand that the inlet for the fan must be manufactured with double-bent surfaces. This has from manufacturing view points been a time wasting and with respect to the tool costs very expensive way of fabrication. Such conventional air inlets for fans necessitated often earlier to be manufactured by casting or by using some kind of plate possible to be deformed in plastic machining.

It is an object of the present invention to make the fan air inlet of at least two convential separately manufactured rings of different sizes i.e. of a certain width and of different diameters the rings being arranged close to each other. The fan wheel is to be located in the ring having the smallest diameter size and furthermore the ring with the greater diameter is to be located at the inlet passage for the gaseous medium, the rings being mutually joined together in pairs by means of an annular flange. Due to this arrangement is created an abrupt diminishing cross section area for the flowing gaseous medium, the outer and the inner diameters respectively of this annular flange corresponding with the diameters of the greater respectively smaller ring, said abrupt decreasing cross section area being utilized to create a toroid-like part of said gaseous medium which will caused to whirl and tumble around against the said annular flange.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention object the dept (L) of the two rings calculated in the flow direction of the medium and the diameters D (the smaller ring) and D (the greater ring) respectively of which are so manufactured that:

(O.3D,JD 0.3) L/D (2.25D /D 2.45)

at the same time as 1.13 D7jD 1.3

When the fan consists of an-axial fan the fan wheel may according to a suitable embodiment be arranged in the ring having the smallest diameter. When the fan consists of a radial fan the air inlet may according to another suitable embodiment be carried out with an axial slot (clearance) between the ring of the small diameter D. and the fan wheel or alternatively be so made that the ring of the small diameter D projects somewhat into the wheel ring of the fan with a radial slot (clearance) between them.

The invention will now be closer described with reference to the accompanying drawings showing some exemplifying embodiments and wherein FlG. 1 illustrates a perspective view of an air inlet at an axial flow fan FIG. 2 shows a cross section of an air inlet and the used designations are defined FIG. 3 shows an air inlet at radial flow fan with an axial slot (clearance) between the fan wheel and the air inlet FIG. 4 shows an air inlet at a radial flow fan with a radial slot (clearance) between the fan wheel and the air inlet.

In FIG. 1 the air inlet for an axial flow fan according to the invention is mounted in an aperture of a wall 4. A fan motor 6 driving a fan wheel 7 is arranged in the aperture and the fan air inlet is formed by two concentrical rings 2,3, the ring 2 facing the air flow is carried out with a greater diameter than the other ring 3. The rings are mutually joined by means of an element 1 made as an annular ring the outer diameter of which is equal to the diameter of the greater ring 3. As has been shown by arrows the flow lines of the air flow converge outside the air inlet, while the flow lines at the fan wheel 7 pass to be substantially parallel, which has been marked with flow arrows 9. As has been marked with flow lines 8 there will occur at the outer, ring 2 having the greater diameter a ring-shaped tumbling (rotating) mass of air. This will contribute to and give as a result that the converging air current flowing against the fan wheel will be converted to an air flow directed parallel with the rotation shaft of the fan wheel 7, which flow will turn out to have equally distributed velocity vectors of mutually equal size.

In FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 the invention is exemplified by a radial flow fan with a fan casing 8 and the fan 7 is supported by a shaft 9, resting in bearings 10. The fan wheel 7 is in the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 located with an axial slot (clearance) between the ring 3 and said fan wheel 7, while in the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 the ring 3 projects somewhat in the wheel ring 13 of said fan wheel 7 with a radial-slot between these parts.

Tests have evidenced that the invention give a surprisingly good result. An air flow into a duct with a sharp edge give a friction loss coefficient of the size of 1.0, whereas a duct plus a flange as air inlet means gave a friction loss coefficient of about 0.45 and lastly-a duct equipped with an air inlet means in accordance with the invention proved to give a friction loss coefficient of less than 0,1. This although the invention object is composed of a few elements cheap to manufacture and mount.

c am:

1. An air inlet throat for fans with a fan wheel for the transport of a gaseous medium, which comprises a frame surrounding the air inlet, said frame consisting of at least two hollow cylindrical rings of a certain width and of different diameters and arranged close to each other and having a decreasing cross section area for the gaseous medium in the flow direction of same, the fan wheel being located coaxial with and adjacent the ring having the smaller diameter, the ring of the greater diameter being located adjacent the inlet passage for the gaseous medium, the rings being mutually joined in pairs by means of an annular flange perpendicular to the axis of the rings, thereby creating an abrupt diminishing cross section area for the flowing medium owing to that the outer and inner diameters of said annular flange substantially correspond respectively to the di ameters of the greater ring and of said smaller ring, said abrupt diminishing cross section area being arranged to create in the medium flowing into said inlet a toroidlike part of said gaseous medium whirling and tumbling around against said annular flange, thedepth (L) of the two rings measured in the flow direction of the gaseous medium and the diameters D, (the smaller one) and D the larger one) of said rings being such that:

(0.3D /D 0.3) L/D, (2.25D /D, 2.45)

and the two rings having such sizes that 2. An air inlet throat in accordance with claim 1 for an axial flow fan, wherein the fan wheel is located in the ring of the smaller diameter.

3. An air inlet throat in accordance with claim 1 for a radial flow fan, wherein the air inlet of the fan wheel is located adjacent said smaller ring with an axial clearance between the ring of the smaller diameter and the fan wheel inlet.

4. An air inlet throat'in accordance with claim 1 for a radial flow fan, wherein the ring of the smaller diameter projects into the inlet of the fan wheel with a radial clearance between them.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 814 138 Dated June 4, 1974 Inventor) Lennart S. G. S oqv1st It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby correctedas shown below:

In the heading before [52] U.S. Cl. the following should be added:

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Auglist 26, 1971 Sweden. .10806/71 Signed and sealed this 17th day, of September 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

C, MARSHALL DANN MCCOY M. GIBSON JR. Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents USCOMM-DC 6D376'P69 HIS, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I959 D366334,

FORM PO-IOSO (10-69)

Claims (4)

1. An air inlet throat for fans with a fan wheel for the transport of a gaseous medium, which comprises a frame surrounding the air inlet, said frame consisting of at least two hollow cylindrical rings of a certain width and of different diameters and arranged close to each other and having a decreasing cross section area for the gaseous medium in the flow direction of same, the fan wheel being located coaxial with and adjacent the ring having the smaller diameter, the ring of the greater diameter being located adjacent the inlet passage for the gaseous medium, the rings being mutually joined in pairs by means of an annuLar flange perpendicular to the axis of the rings, thereby creating an abrupt diminishing cross section area for the flowing medium owing to that the outer and inner diameters of said annular flange substantially correspond respectively to the diameters of the greater ring and of said smaller ring, said abrupt diminishing cross section area being arranged to create in the medium flowing into said inlet a toroid-like part of said gaseous medium whirling and tumbling around against said annular flange, the depth (L) of the two rings - measured in the flow direction of the gaseous medium - and the diameters D1 (the smaller one) and D2 the larger one) of said rings being such that: (0.3D2/D1 - 0.3) < L/D1 < (2.25D2/D1 - 2.45) and the two rings having such sizes that 1.13 < D2/D1 < 1.3
2. An air inlet throat in accordance with claim 1 for an axial flow fan, wherein the fan wheel is located in the ring of the smaller diameter.
3. An air inlet throat in accordance with claim 1 for a radial flow fan, wherein the air inlet of the fan wheel is located adjacent said smaller ring with an axial clearance between the ring of the smaller diameter and the fan wheel inlet.
4. An air inlet throat in accordance with claim 1 for a radial flow fan, wherein the ring of the smaller diameter projects into the inlet of the fan wheel with a radial clearance between them.
US28217672 1972-08-21 1972-08-21 Air inlet throat for fans Expired - Lifetime US3814538A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4061188A (en) * 1975-01-24 1977-12-06 International Harvester Company Fan shroud structure
US4185688A (en) * 1977-12-22 1980-01-29 General Electric Company Cooler fan noise suppressor
US5292088A (en) * 1989-10-10 1994-03-08 Lemont Harold E Propulsive thrust ring system
US5393197A (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-02-28 Lemont Aircraft Corporation Propulsive thrust ring system
US5547339A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-08-20 Comair Rotron, Inc. Turbulator for a fluid impelling device
US5782605A (en) * 1996-07-19 1998-07-21 Andritz Sprout-Bauer, Inc. Impeller for separating a conveyed stream of material
US20040156712A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Siemens Vdo Automotive Inc. Integral tip seal in a fan-shroud structure
US20100260595A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2010-10-14 International Engine Intellectual Property Company, Llc Flow regulation mechanism for turbocharger compressor

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1465097A (en) * 1923-08-14 Regulating centkieugal pumps
GB376647A (en) * 1932-01-01 1932-07-14 William Alexander Improvements in the blades of screw rotors for operating with any fluid

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1465097A (en) * 1923-08-14 Regulating centkieugal pumps
GB376647A (en) * 1932-01-01 1932-07-14 William Alexander Improvements in the blades of screw rotors for operating with any fluid

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4061188A (en) * 1975-01-24 1977-12-06 International Harvester Company Fan shroud structure
US4185688A (en) * 1977-12-22 1980-01-29 General Electric Company Cooler fan noise suppressor
US5292088A (en) * 1989-10-10 1994-03-08 Lemont Harold E Propulsive thrust ring system
US5470202A (en) * 1989-10-10 1995-11-28 Lemont; Harold E. Propulsive thrust ring system
US5651707A (en) * 1989-10-10 1997-07-29 Lemont; Harold E. Propulsive thrust ring system
US5393197A (en) * 1993-11-09 1995-02-28 Lemont Aircraft Corporation Propulsive thrust ring system
US5547339A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-08-20 Comair Rotron, Inc. Turbulator for a fluid impelling device
US5782605A (en) * 1996-07-19 1998-07-21 Andritz Sprout-Bauer, Inc. Impeller for separating a conveyed stream of material
US20040156712A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Siemens Vdo Automotive Inc. Integral tip seal in a fan-shroud structure
US6874990B2 (en) * 2003-01-29 2005-04-05 Siemens Vdo Automotive Inc. Integral tip seal in a fan-shroud structure
US20100260595A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2010-10-14 International Engine Intellectual Property Company, Llc Flow regulation mechanism for turbocharger compressor
US8070416B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2011-12-06 International Engine Intellectual Property Company, Llc Flow regulation mechanism for turbocharger compressor

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