US3811801A - Multi-plunger reciprocating pump - Google Patents

Multi-plunger reciprocating pump Download PDF

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US3811801A
US3811801A US25758872A US3811801A US 3811801 A US3811801 A US 3811801A US 25758872 A US25758872 A US 25758872A US 3811801 A US3811801 A US 3811801A
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valve
inlet
bore
discharge
face
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F Buse
W Sensinger
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Ingersoll-Rand Co
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Ingersoll-Rand Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/16Casings; Cylinders; Cylinder liners or heads; Fluid connections
    • F04B53/162Adaptations of cylinders
    • F04B53/164Stoffing boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B1/00Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangements of cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B49/00Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B49/22Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00 by means of valves
    • F04B49/24Bypassing
    • F04B49/243Bypassing by keeping open the inlet valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/109Valves; Arrangement of valves inlet and outlet valve forming one unit
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/1097Valves; Arrangement of valves with means for lifting the closure member for pump cleaning purposes

Abstract

A multi-plunger reciprocating pump having a cylinder head with internal manifolding and valving arrangement that permits removal of valves as units from selected pumps, valve bodies with bias porting, and studs in constant tension. A solenoid actuated rod may be added to unload the compression chambers by inhibiting the inlet or suction valve from seating.

Description

United States Patent "[1 Buse et al.

[451 May21, 1974 MULTI-PLUNGER RECIPROCATING PUMP [75] inventors: Frederick W. Buse, Allentown;

Warner E. Sensinger, Jr., Emmaus,

both of Pa.

[73] Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company, Woodcliff Lake, NJ, 22 Filed: May 30, 1972 [21] Appl. N0.: 257,588

[52] US. Cl 417/454, 417/539 [51] Int. Cl. .Q F04b 21/02 [58] Field of Search 417/454, 539, 569, 570

[56] References Cited I UNITED STATES PATENTS 879.560 2/1908 Lepley 417/539 1,142,299 6/1915 Brown 417/454 2,081,221 5/1937 Coberty 417/539 Y 2,349,161 5/1944 Frimel 417/539 Cornelsen 417/539 2/1968 Warbel 417/571 3,679,332 7/1972 Yophe 417/570 3,702,624 11/1972 Fries 417/567 3,709,638 1/1973 lguchi 417/571 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 745,560 5/1933 France 417/539 Primary ExaminerWilliam L. Freeh Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert R. Paquin; David W. Tibbott 5 7] ABSTRACT A multi-plunger reciprocating pump having a cylinder head with internal manifolding and valving arrangement that permits removal of valves as units from selected pumps, valve bodies with bias porting, and studs in constant tension. A solenoid actuated rod may be added to unload the compression chambers by inhibiting'the inlet or suction valve from seating.

6 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures P mnEnmzn m4 3,841,801

' sum 1 II. 4

PATENTEDIAYZI 1914 SHEET 0? 4 FIG. 8

MULTI-PLUNGER RECIPROCATING PUMP DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to reciprocating pumps. More particularly the invention relates to a multi-plunger inline reciprocating pump which provides economy in manufacture and servicing by internal manifolding and valving arrangement within a cylinder head permitting removal of the suction: and exhaust valves as units from selected pumps, and which also includes valve bodies with bias porting providing increased thickness of walls separating high and low pressure areas, andstuds in constant tension minimizing stress reversal to reduce this cause of fatigue failure.

Among the disadvantages. of high pressure pumps subject to the continuous pulsation and shock inherent in reciprocating pumps is the external manifolding which results in greater assembly cost and more complicated disassembly to the service a single pump unit. In these pumps the inlet ports have generally been holes parallel to discharge ports-and subject to failure at greatpressure differentials; The studs that'hold these assemblies together have been subjectedto cyclical stresses with each stroke of the piston,.a condition which results in premature failure due to fatigue.

These problems have been resolved in my invention through the use of a cylinder head with internal manifolding and valving arrangement, bias porting of the valve bodies, and an arrangement of the stuffing-box, valve bodies and cylinder head which maintainsthe studs under a relatively constantptension governed by the outlet pressure of the pump.

It is theobject of this invention toprovide a multiplunger in-line reciprocating pump with a novel arrangement-that affords economy in manufacture and servicing.

Another object is-to increase the thickness of the walls separating high and low pressure areas in the valve body.

FIG. 6 is a plan view in cross-section of the cylinder head in FIG.

FIG. 7 is a plan cross-section of the pump in FIG. 5 taken along line 77 showing the piston and valving arrangement;

' FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary view'of the valves in FIG. 7; and j v FIG. 9 is a partial section of a pressure unloader.

In the drawings similar reference characters refer to corresponding parts in the several views. Referring to FIG. 1 a multi-plunger reciprocating pump 10 is seen to comprise a drive unit 12 and a cylinder head 14.

FIG. 2 shows that the cylinder head 14 has a plurality of chambers 16, each opening through a common first face 18 of the head 14 and having a large diameter portion 20 and a smaller diameter portion 22. An inlet manifold 24 communicates with the larger diameter portions 20 and terminates in inlet ports 26 at second face 28 and third face 30 of the cylinder head. A discharge manifold 32 similarly communicates with the smaller diameter portions 22 of the chambers 16 and terminates in outlet ports 34 in faces 28 and 30. The manifolds 24, 32 are each generally sealed at one of the faces 28,-30 by an inletport plug 27 and an outlet port plug 36.

FIG. 3 is an elevational cross-section showing the cy- Iindrical valve body 38 positioned in one of the cham- Another object is to minimize stressreversal in the studs that hold thestuffing box, valve body and cylinder head together.

Still another object is to. provide the inlet valve with an integral guide and/or with bias seating to improve sealing.

A further object is to arrange inlet and discharge valves entirely within the valve body to permit servicing them as a subassembly. Another object is to arrange the stuffing box and plunger in a subassembly for convenience in removal and servicing. Yet another object is to provide an unloading means to automatically reduce the pressure within the pump when it is shut off.

A better understanding of the invention will be had by referring to the following description and drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of a vertical in-line pump with three pistons;

FIG. 2 is an elevational cross-section of the cylinder head in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an elevational cross-section of the pump of FIG. 1 taken along line 3-3 showing thepiston and valving arrangement;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the valves in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of a horizontal in-line three pistons;

pump with bers 16 of the cylinder head 14. The valve body 38 has an inlet face 40 and a discharge face 42 which bears against a step in the cylinder head. As shown in FIG. 5, the valve body 38 has a stepped bore 44, which includes a bore step 46, a conical valve seat 48, and a valve seat annulus 50. The bore 44 further comprises an enlarged diameter portion 52, a discharge valve seat 54, a chamber or recess 56, and an outlet valve cavity 62. The valve body 38 has a suction annulus 57 in the outer periphery and inlet passages 58 providing communication between the suction annulus 57 and the bore 44. O-ring annuli 60 are provided in the cylindrical periphery and the discharge face 42 of the cylindrical valve body. A funnel-shaped inlet valve 64 is slidably located at the inlet end of the valve body bore 44. It comprises a cylindrical portion 66 having a first annular recess 68, and a conical portion 70having a second annular recess 72. An inlet valve bore 74 communicates with the first annular recess through ports 76, and the wide end of the conical portion isprovided with inlet valve slots 78. When the valve is in the closed position, the second annular recess 72 mates with the valve seat annulus 50 of the valve body.

A stuffing box 80, having a step bore 82, mates along a first face 84 with the valve body inlet face 40. At the first face the bore hasan enlarged diameter defining a chamber and step for a valve stop 104. A second face 88 of the stuffing box has an annular projection 90 which locates gland ring 130. Within the stuffing box bore 82 are packing 92 and a sleeve 94. The sleeve bore 96 partially defines a cylinder or compression chamber 98. An end face of the sleeve 100 provides a axial movement of the inlet valve 64 during the suction stroke of the piston.

A discharge valve 112 rests in the closed position on the valve seat 54, and is guided by discharge valve plug 114. The plug has a stepped bore 116 which includes discharge valve retainer cup 118 at one end and a cavity for the discharge valve spring 120 at the other end. The plug is slidably positioned in the discharge valve spring retainer 122 and is coaxial with it and all the cylindrical elements described hereto.

The discharge valve spring retainer 122 has a threaded diameter 124 which engages the outlet valve cavity of the valve body 62. A sealing flange 126 partially defines an O-ring recess with the annulus 60 in the valve body discharge face 42. Studs 132 threadedly engage cylinder head 14 and gland ring 130 thereby compressively binding the gland ring, stuffing box, valve body and cylinder head.

An unloader system may be provided as shown in FIG. 9 comprising an unloader rod 140, actuated by a solenoid to control diaphragm cylinder 142 to move axially through an unloader port 144 in the cylinder head, the suction annulus 57, and one of the inlet passages 58 to valve seat annulus 50. A seal 146 in the unloader port 144 prevents leakage to the atmosphere.

In the horizontal modification shown in FIGS. through 8, the cylinder head chambers 16 also communicate with a fourth face 31 of the cylinder head as shown in FIG. 6. This opening is sealed with a cylinder head plug 138 which has an O-ring annulus in the surface that interfaces with the fourth face of the cylinder head. Instead of a funnel configuration, the cylindrical valve body has a flat inlet valve seat 47 and a valve seat recess 49 which provides clearance and reduces the amount of lapping that is required. It is further provided with discharge passages 59 which are biased to increase material thickness in the guide portion and facilitate machining. The discharge valve spring retainers described in the vertical pump is eliminated. The inlet valve is cylindrical, its body serving as a guide, and has a flat seal 77. As the valve stop has been eliminated, face 84 of the stuffing box serves as a spring abutment and inlet valve stop.

OPERATION OF THE INVENTION In the operation of the pump of FIGS. 1 through 4, when the driving means retracts piston 102 in the stuffing box 80, the volumetric increase of compression chamber 98, decreases the pressure therein sufficiently to overcome the force of the inlet valve spring 110, so that inlet valve 64 moves axially toward the piston until it bears against step face 108 of valve stop 104. Fluid is drawn into the system through inlet 'port 26, inlet manifold 24, and the annular chamber defined by the annular recess 57 in cylinder valve body 38. From there the fluid moves through inlet passages 58 around the conical surface 70 of the inlet valve 64. Part of the fluid flows towards the second annular recess 52in the valve through the inlet valve ports 76 to fill the inlet valve bore 74, while a greater volume is diverted around the conical portion 70 through the slots 78 in the end face of the inlet valve and fills the compression chamber 98. As the inlet pressure is lower than the pressure in the discharge manifold 32, discharge valve 112 is urged to its closed position against discharge valve seat 54 by the greater fluid pressure in the discharge manifold and by the discharge valve spring. The spring urges the discharge valve plug 114 axially toward the piston 102 within the stepped bore 128 of the discharge valve spring retainer 122. As the discharge valve 112 is carried in the discharge valve retainer cup 118 of the discharge valve plug 114, proper seating of the valve on discharge valve seat 54 is assured.

During the discharge stroke the piston 102 is driven into the compression chamber 98 guided by stuffing box sleeve 94. Compression of the fluid impels inlet valve 64 axially. The cylindrical portion 66 is guided by the bore 44- of cylinder valve body 38. The conical portion 70 mates with conical valve seat 48, closing the inlet passages 58. Although the inlet manifold 24 is sealed off from this piston during the compression stroke the intake fluid may flow around annular recess 57 in the cylinder valve body 38 and be diverted to another pump in-line and undergoing suction stroke. When the fluid pressure in the compression chamber 98 exceeds the combined force of the fluid in the discharge manifold 32 and the discharge valve spring 120 upon the discharge valve 112, the discharge valve plug 114 will move axially away from the piston 102 carrying the discharge valve with it and thereby allowing the fluid in the compression chamber 98 to discharge through the discharge manifold 32.

O-rings effectively seal the fluid from leakage at the interfaces of the various components, and packing 92 prevents leakage of the fluid from the compression chamber 98 past the piston. A gland ring and studs 132 compressively mate the stuffing box, the cylinder head, and the cylinder valve body. Because the studs 132 are constantly in tension, fatigue failure due to cyclical reversal of stress is avoided, and therefor smaller diameter studs may be used than with conventional pumps. At the beginning of the intake stroke inlet fluid pressure upon inlet valve 64 is distributed evenly around the conical portion 70 because second annular recess 72 and conjoining valve seat annulus 50 provide communication between inlet passages 58. This prevents mis-alignment and uneven wear of the inlet valve. For servicing the stuffing box and piston may be removed as a unit and worked on at a bench. Similarly the valves and valve body may be taken out as a unit to be worked upon separately. Leaving the cylinder head in place thereby avoids complicated disconnecting of manifolds.

When the pump is shut off for emergency or operational reasons the pressure built up in compression chambers 98 will continue to exhaust fluid into the discharge manifold until the intemal pressure is reduced to that at outlet port 30. Where it is necessary to provide for immediate dumping of this pressure, the unloading system projects an unloader rod a predetermined distance beyond valve seat annulus 50 thereby preventing the seating of inlet valve 64. As communication between compression chamber 98 and suction annulus 57 is open, the internal pressure is prevented from rising above inlet pressure. During normal operation of the pump, solenoid 142 retracts rod 140 sufficiently to allow proper seating and sealing of valve 64. At all times seal 146 prevents leakage of the fluid to atmosphere through the cylinder head unloader port 144.

In reciprocating pumps with conventional manifolding, the studs join the stuffing box to a working barrel which contains the compression chamber. Thus, the force transmitted through the box to the gland and studs fluctuates as the pressure in accordance with the chambers fluctuates. ln this invention, the force transmitted to the gland 130 through the stuffing box 80 is the relatively constant force of the discharge fluid working to separate valve body block 38 from cylinder head 14. This forceplaces studs 132 in fairly constant tension, reducing the cyclical reversals that cause fatigue failure and thereby permitting the use of smaller diameter studs.

In the horizontal modification of the pump the cylinder head plug 138 may be removed providing ready access to the discharge valve and valve plug assembly. The operation of this modification differs in the fluid flow within the valve body because of the modified inlet valve and discharge passage structure. On the'intake stroke of the piston the inlet valve is opened by the pressure differential between the inlet manifold 24 and compression chamber 98. The cylindrical portion of the valve 66 guides its axial movement in the enlarged diameter 62 of the-valve body. Bearing face 100 in the stuffing box which serves as an abutment surface for the inlet valve spring also serves as a valve stop in this modification. With the valve in the open position inlet fluid flows through inlet passages 58 partially diverting around inlet valve seat 77 to the inlet valve bore 74 and to valve body bore 44, and partially through annular recess 56 in the valve body through inlet valve ports 76 to the compression chamber 98. During the compression stroke of the piston the inlet valve is axially moved to close upon the flat valve seat 47 in the valve body. The valve seat recess 49 and the recess 56 prevent binding of the valve in its closed position. The compressed fluid is forced through bore 44, opening discharge valve 112, and flows through discharge passages 59 to the discharge manifold 32.

From the foregoing description and the drawings, it can be seen that the objects of the invention have been achieved.Whilethe preferred embodiments have been described with particularity, the details of construction presented here should not be regarded as limiting the scope of the claims which follow.

We claim: 1. A reciprocating pump comprising 1. a cylinder head having a. first, second, and third faces: b. a plurality of cylindrical chambers with l. a larger diameter portion communicating with and axially normal to the first face, and 2. a smaller diameter portion coaxial with the larger diameter portion; c. an inlet manifold serially connecting the larger diameter portions of the chambers; and d. a discharge manifold providing communication between the smaller diameter portions; and for each said chamber 2. a cylindrical valve body coaxially positioned in the chamber having a. an inlet face and a discharge face; b. a bore coaxial with the chamber terminating in a conical valve seat at the inlet face and an enlarged diameter at the discharge face, and having a second valve seat where the bore diameter changes; c. an annular recess aligned with the inlet manifold;

and

d. a plurality of inlet passages communicating between the annular recess and the conical valve seat;

3. a funnel shaped inlet valve having a. a cylindrical portion dimensioned to permit reciprocating movement of the inlet valve in the valve body bore;

b. a conical portion with an annular recess that conjoins with the inlet passages of the .conical valve seat when the inlet valve is seated;

c. a bore coaxial with the valve body bore;

d. a plurality of ports communicating between the bore and the cylindrical face of the inlet valve; and

e. at least one slot in'the base of the cone;

4. a stuffing box with first and second faces adapted to matably bear the first face against the inlet face of the valve body and having a. a stepped bore extending between the first face and thesecond face, coaxial with the cylinder head chamber and an enlarged diameter at the first face; and

b. a sleeve positioned against a step in the bore defining a compression chamber coaxial with the bore;

5. a piston adapted to reciprocate axially in the stuffing box;

6. packing means adapted to prevent fluid leakage between the piston and stuffing box at the second face of the stuffing box;

7. a cylindrical inlet valve stop coaxial with and positioned within the larger diameter bore of the stuffing box having a stepped bore adapted to receive the inlet valve;

8. a discharge valve; and

9. a cylindrical discharge valve plug slidably'positioned in the valve bodyhaving a stepped bore adapted to receive the discharge valve; whereby a reciprocating motion imparted to a piston when the inlet manifold is connected to an external source of fluid will produce axial motion of the inlet valve and discharge valve plug in the same direction and seating of the inlet and the discharge valve in alternate strokes, thereby resulting in fluid flow from the inlet to the outlet manifold and permitting flow of inlet fluid through said annular recess around the valve body of a piston in the discharge stroke to the valve body of a piston in the suction stroke.

2. The reciprocating pump of claim 1 wherein the inlet and outlet manifolds each have ports at second and third faces of the cylinder head, and the pump further comprises plug means whereby an inlet and an outlet port may be selectively sealed.

3. The reciprocating pump of claim 2 further comprising an inlet valve spring positioned in the valve stop,

bearing against the stuffing box sleeve and inlet valve so as to urge the inlet valve to seat in the closed position on its conical portion,

a discharge valve spring, and

a cylindrical discharge valve spring retainer having a stepped bore coaxial with the valve body bore and positioned in the enlarged diameter of the valve body bore with the cylindrical discharge valve plug slidably positioned. in the spring retainer bore and the discharge valve spring positioned in the valve faces of the valve body.

5. The pump of claim 4, further comprising gland ring and stud means compressively mating said stuffing box and valve block.

6. A reciprocating pump according to claim 5, wherein said gland ring and valve block are at opposite ends of said stuffing box, and said stud means are external to said stuffing box and connected at opposite ends to said gland ring and said valve block.

Claims (15)

1. A reciprocating pump comprising 1. a cylinder head having a. first, second, and third faces: b. a plurality of cylindrical chambers with 1. a larger diameter portion communicating with and axially normal to the first face, and 2. a smaller diameter portion coaxial with the larger diameter portion; c. an inlet manifold serially connecting the larger diameter portions of the chambers; and d. a discharge manifold providing communication between the smaller diameter portions; and for each said chamber 2. a cylindrical valve body coaxially positioned in the chamber having a. an inlet face and a discharge face; b. a bore coaxial with the chamber terminating in a conical valve seat at the inlet face and an enlarged diameter at the discharge face, and having a second valve seat where the bore diameter changes; c. an annular recess aligned with the inlet manifold; and d. a plurality of inlet passages communicating between the annular recess and the conical valve seat; 3. a funnel shaped inlet valve having a. a cylindrical portion dimensioned to permit reciprocating movement of the inlet valve in the valve body bore; b. a conical portion with an annular recess that conjoins with the inlet passages of the conical valve seat when the inlet valve is seated; c. a bore coaxial with the valve body bore; d. a plurality of ports communicating between the bore and the cylindrical face of the inlet valve; and e. at least one slot in the base of the cone; 4. a stuffing box with first and second faces adapted to matably bear the first face against the inlet face of the valve body and having a. a stepped bore extending between the first face and the second face, coaxial with the cylinder head chamber and an enlarged diameter at the first face; and b. a sleeve positioned against a step in the bore defining a compression chamber coaxial with the bore; 5. a piston adapted to reciprocate axially in the stuffing box; 6. packing means adapted to prevent fluid leakage between the piston and stuffing box at the second face of the stuffing box; 7. a cylindrical inlet valve stop coaxial with and positioned within the larger diameter bore of the stuffing box having a stepped bore adapted to receive the inlet valve; 8. a discharge valve; and 9. a cylindrical discharge valve plug slidably positioned in the valve body having a stepped bore adapted to receive the discharge valve; whereby a reciprocating motion imparted to a piston when the inlet manifold is connected to an external source of fluid will produce axial motion of the inlet valve and discharge valve plug in the same direction and seating of the inlet and the discharge valve in alternate strokes, thereby resulting in fluid flow from the inlet to the outlet manifold and permitting flow of inlet fluid through said annular recess around the valve body of a piston in the discharge stroke to the valve body of a piston in the suction stroke.
2. a cylindrical valve body coaxially positioned in the chamber having a. an inlet face and a discharge face; b. a bore coaxial with the chamber terminating in a conical valve seat at the inlet face and an enlarged diameter at the discharge face, and having a second valve seat where the bore diameter changes; c. an annular recess aligned with the inlet manifold; and d. a plurality of inlet passages communicating between the annular recess and the conical valve seat;
2. a smaller diameter portion coaxial with the larger diameter portion; c. an inlet manifold serially connecting the larger diameter portions of the chambers; and d. a discharge manifold providing communication between the smaller diameter portions; and for each said chamber
2. The reciprocating pump of claim 1 wherein the inlet and outlet manifolds each have ports at second and third faces of the cylinder head, and the pump further comprises plug means whereby an inlet and an outlet port may be selectively sealed.
3. The reciprocating pump of claim 2 further comprising an inlet valve spring positioned in the valve stop, bearing against the stuffing box sleeve and inlet valve so as to urge the inlet valve to seat in the closed position on its conical portion, a discharge valve spring, and a cylindrical discharge valve spring retainer having a stepped bore coaxial with the valve body bore and positioned in the enlarged diameter of the valve body bore with the cylindrical discharge valve plug slidably positioned in the spring retainer bore and the discharge valve spring positioned in the valve plug bore urging the plug and discharge valve to the closed position in which the discharge valve blocks the bore, whereby both valves are closed when the pump is not operating.
3. a funnel shaped inlet valve having a. a cylindrical portion dimensioned to permit reciprocating movement of the inlet valve in the valve body bore; b. a conical portion with an annular recess that conjoins with the inlet passages of the conical valve seat when the inlet valve is seated; c. a bore coaxial with the valve body bore; d. a plurality of ports communicating between the bore and the cylindrical face of the inlet valve; and e. at least one slot in the base of the cone;
4. a stuffing box with first and second faces adapted to matably bear the first face against the inlet face of the valve body and having a. a stepped bore extending between the first face and the second face, coaxial with the cylinder head chamber and an enlarged diameter at the first face; and b. a sleeve positioned against a step in the bore defining a compression chamber coaxial with the bore;
4. The reciprocating pump of claim 3, further comprising O-rings and a plurality of annuli in the cylindrical valve body adapted to receive O-rings in the peripheral surface and inlet and discharge faces thereby sealing the suction manifold from the inlet and discharge faces of the valve body.
5. The pump of claim 4, further comprising gland ring and stud means compressively mating said stuffing box and valve block.
5. a piston adapted to reciprocate axially in the stuffing box;
6. packing means adapted to prevent fluid leakage between the piston and stuffing box at the second face of the stuffing box;
6. A reciprocating pump according to claim 5, wherein said gland ring and valve block are at opposite ends of said stuffing box, and said stud means are external to said stuffing box and connected at opposite ends to said gland ring and said valve block.
7. a cylindrical inlet valve stop coaxial with and positioned within the larger diameter bore of the stuffing box having a stepped bore adapted to receive the inlet valve;
8. a discharge valve; and
9. a cylindrical discharge valve plug slidably positioned in the valve body having a stepped bore adapted to receive the discharge valve; whereby a reciprocating motion imparted to a piston when the inlet manifold is connected to an external source of fluid will produce axial motion of the inlet valve and discharge valve plug in the same direction and seating of the inlet and the discharge valve in alternate strokes, thereby resulting in fluid flow from the inlet to the outlet manifold and permitting flow of inlet fluid through said annular recess around the valve body of a piston in the discharge stroke to the valve body of a piston in the suction stroke.
US3811801A 1972-05-30 1972-05-30 Multi-plunger reciprocating pump Expired - Lifetime US3811801A (en)

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DE19732324746 DE2324746A1 (en) 1972-05-30 1973-05-16 Multi-stage piston pump
US3820922A US3820922A (en) 1972-05-30 1973-12-03 Multiplunger reciprocating pump

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US3903978A (en) * 1973-11-12 1975-09-09 Clark Equipment Co Skid-steered vehicle transmission
US4146355A (en) * 1973-06-25 1979-03-27 Paul Hammelmann High-pressure plunger pump
US4174194A (en) * 1976-07-12 1979-11-13 Paul Hammelmann Reciprocating pump
US4277229A (en) * 1977-11-21 1981-07-07 Partek Corporation Of Houston High pressure fluid delivery system
US4432386A (en) * 1977-11-21 1984-02-21 Butterworth, Inc. Valve assembly for reciprocating plunger pump
US4576557A (en) * 1983-06-15 1986-03-18 Union Carbide Corporation Cryogenic liquid pump
US4758135A (en) * 1986-12-30 1988-07-19 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Pump head
US5037276A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-08-06 Flow International Corporation High pressure pump valve assembly
US5102312A (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-07 Butterworth Jetting System, Inc. Pump head
US5605449A (en) * 1996-01-25 1997-02-25 Wendy Buskop Suction and discharge valve arrangement for a high pressure piston pump
US5848880A (en) * 1996-02-06 1998-12-15 Paul Hammelmann Maschinenfabrik Gmbh Axial valve arrangement for a high pressure plunger pump
EP0892174A3 (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-05-26 Eberherr, Herbert Pump head for a piston pump
EP1359322A2 (en) * 2002-05-04 2003-11-05 Firma Wepuko Hydraulik GmbH & Co. Pumpen- und Kompressorenfabrik Suction valve actuator
US20080292473A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2008-11-27 Giuseppe Marino High-Pressure Pump For Feeding Fuel To An Internal Combustion Engine
DE102008020970A1 (en) 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Uraca Pumpenfabrik Gmbh & Co Kg Plunger pump for high pressure spraying device, has actuator and adjusting units arranged in hermetically closed housing that contacts with suction side of pump, where actuator is provided for suction valve release
US20100140526A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 Forrest Jamie A High pressure water pump valve and seal structure
US20120263613A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2012-10-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Piston Pump for a Hydraulic Vehicle Braking System
US20150101679A1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-04-16 PSI Pressure Systems Corp. High pressure fluid system
US9188122B1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2015-11-17 Glen E. Reed Valve and seat assembly for high pressure pumps and method of use
US20170030341A1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-02-02 Caterpillar Inc. Multi-plunger cryogenic pump having intake manifold
USD802717S1 (en) * 2015-08-19 2017-11-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Fujikin Valve
CN107407273A (en) * 2015-01-05 2017-11-28 康明斯公司 High pressure diesel fuel pump pumping element
US10113653B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2018-10-30 Psi Pressure Systems Llc Cartridge assembly module for high pressure fluid system and related method of use

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Cited By (31)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4146355A (en) * 1973-06-25 1979-03-27 Paul Hammelmann High-pressure plunger pump
US3903978A (en) * 1973-11-12 1975-09-09 Clark Equipment Co Skid-steered vehicle transmission
US4174194A (en) * 1976-07-12 1979-11-13 Paul Hammelmann Reciprocating pump
US4277229A (en) * 1977-11-21 1981-07-07 Partek Corporation Of Houston High pressure fluid delivery system
US4432386A (en) * 1977-11-21 1984-02-21 Butterworth, Inc. Valve assembly for reciprocating plunger pump
US4576557A (en) * 1983-06-15 1986-03-18 Union Carbide Corporation Cryogenic liquid pump
US4758135A (en) * 1986-12-30 1988-07-19 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Pump head
US5037276A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-08-06 Flow International Corporation High pressure pump valve assembly
US5102312A (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-07 Butterworth Jetting System, Inc. Pump head
US5605449A (en) * 1996-01-25 1997-02-25 Wendy Buskop Suction and discharge valve arrangement for a high pressure piston pump
US5848880A (en) * 1996-02-06 1998-12-15 Paul Hammelmann Maschinenfabrik Gmbh Axial valve arrangement for a high pressure plunger pump
EP0892174A3 (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-05-26 Eberherr, Herbert Pump head for a piston pump
EP1359322A2 (en) * 2002-05-04 2003-11-05 Firma Wepuko Hydraulik GmbH & Co. Pumpen- und Kompressorenfabrik Suction valve actuator
EP1359322A3 (en) * 2002-05-04 2003-12-17 Firma Wepuko Hydraulik GmbH & Co. Pumpen- und Kompressorenfabrik Suction valve actuator
US20080292473A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2008-11-27 Giuseppe Marino High-Pressure Pump For Feeding Fuel To An Internal Combustion Engine
US7871251B2 (en) * 2006-01-31 2011-01-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh High-pressure pump for feeding fuel to an internal combustion engine
DE102008020970A1 (en) 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Uraca Pumpenfabrik Gmbh & Co Kg Plunger pump for high pressure spraying device, has actuator and adjusting units arranged in hermetically closed housing that contacts with suction side of pump, where actuator is provided for suction valve release
US8221100B2 (en) * 2008-12-04 2012-07-17 Nlb Corp. High pressure water pump valve and seal structure
US20100140526A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 Forrest Jamie A High pressure water pump valve and seal structure
US20120263613A1 (en) * 2009-12-23 2012-10-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Piston Pump for a Hydraulic Vehicle Braking System
US9140257B2 (en) * 2009-12-23 2015-09-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Discharge valve and damper for a piston pump
US9188122B1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2015-11-17 Glen E. Reed Valve and seat assembly for high pressure pumps and method of use
US9470321B2 (en) 2013-10-10 2016-10-18 Psi Pressure Systems Corp Quick coupler for a high pressure fluid system
US20150101679A1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-04-16 PSI Pressure Systems Corp. High pressure fluid system
US9285040B2 (en) * 2013-10-10 2016-03-15 PSI Pressure Systems Corp. High pressure fluid system
US9371919B2 (en) 2013-10-10 2016-06-21 PSI Pressure Systems Corp. High pressure fluid system
CN107407273A (en) * 2015-01-05 2017-11-28 康明斯公司 High pressure diesel fuel pump pumping element
US20170030341A1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-02-02 Caterpillar Inc. Multi-plunger cryogenic pump having intake manifold
WO2017019255A1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-02-02 Caterpillar Inc. Multi-plunger cryogenic pump having intake manifold
USD802717S1 (en) * 2015-08-19 2017-11-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Fujikin Valve
US10113653B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2018-10-30 Psi Pressure Systems Llc Cartridge assembly module for high pressure fluid system and related method of use

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