US3809044A - Capacitor triggered ignition system - Google Patents

Capacitor triggered ignition system Download PDF

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US3809044A
US3809044A US10888771A US3809044A US 3809044 A US3809044 A US 3809044A US 10888771 A US10888771 A US 10888771A US 3809044 A US3809044 A US 3809044A
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capacitor
ignition
circuit
charge capacitor
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R Jereb
P Anderson
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Outboard Marine Corp
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Outboard Marine Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
    • F02P1/00Installations having electric ignition energy generated by magneto- or dynamo- electric generators without subsequent storage
    • F02P1/08Layout of circuits
    • F02P1/086Layout of circuits for generating sparks by discharging a capacitor into a coil circuit
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
    • F02P11/00Safety means for electric spark ignition, not otherwise provided for
    • F02P11/02Preventing damage to engines or engine-driven gearing
    • F02P11/025Shortening the ignition when the engine is stopped

Abstract

Disclosed herein is an ignition circuit ignition for an internal combustion engine, which circuit comprises a charge capacitor connected to the positive and negative terminals of a source of direct current generated in response to engine rotation, and an SCR connected to the charge capacitor in series with each other and in parallel with respect to the source and including an anode connected to the positive terminal, and a cathode connected to the negative terminal, and a gate, together with means for triggering the gate to discharge the charge capacitor including connection of the positive terminal to ground, a mechanical switch having a first grounded contact and a second contact electrically connectable to said first contact in response to engine rotation, and a trigger capacitor connected to the second switch and to the gate, whereby upon closing of the switch contacts, the charge capacitor is partially discharged through the contacts and through the trigger capacitor to trigger the gate, whereby to fully discharge the charge capacitor through the primary winding of an ignition coil connected in series with the SCR and the charge capacitor.

Description

United States Patent [191 Jereb et a1.

3,809,044 May 7, 1974 CAPACITOR TRIGGERED IGNITION SYSTEM Outboard Marine Corporation, Waukegan, Ill.

[22] Filed: Jan. 22, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 108,887

[73] Assignee:

[52] US. Cl. 123/148 E, 123/148 MCD [51] Int. Cl. F02a l/00 [58] Field of Search 123/148 E [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,045,148 7/1962 McNulty 123/148 E 3,461,851 8/1969 Stephens 123/148 E 3,563,221 2/1971 Tada 123/148 E 3,516,396 6/1970 Lawson r 123/148 E 3,529,587 9/1970 Sasayama... 123/148 E 3,418,988 12/1968 Lewis 123/148 E 3,312,860 4/1967 Strum..... 123/148 E 3,357,415 3/1968 Huntzinger 123/148 3,461,345 8/1969 Gilbert 123/148 3,213,840 10/1965 Corfield 123/148 OTHER PUBLICATIONS SAE Journal, pp. 74-78, McClelland and Z011, July 1963. Popular Electronics, 11/66, pp. 53-57, 100, Gellman.

Primary Examiner-Laurence M. Goodridge Assistant ExaminerRonald B. Cox Attorney, Agent, or Firm- Michael, Best & Friedrich [57] ABSTRACT Disclosed herein is an ignition circuit ignition for an internal combustion engine, which circuit comprises a charge capacitor connected to the positive and h5 5 tive terminals of a source of direct current generated in response to engine rotation, and an SCR connected to the charge capacitor in series with each other and in parallel with respect to the source and including an anode connected to the positive terminal, and a cathode connected to the negative terminal, and a gate, together with means for triggering the gate to discharge the charge capacitor including connection of the positive terminal to ground, a mechanical switch having a first grounded contact and a second contact electrically connectable to said first contact in response tolengine rotation, and a trigger capacitor connected to the second switch and to the gate, whereby upon closing of theswitch contacts, the charge capacitor is partially discharged through the contacts and vthrough the trigger capacitor to trigger the gate,

whereby to fully discharge the charge capacitor through the primary winding of an ignition coil con- 12 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF INVENTION pacitor discharge ignition systems which are triggered by mechanical switches or breakers in response to engine rotation.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION The invention provides a capacitor discharge ignition circuit including solid-state switch means for discharging a charge capacitor to fire a spark plug or other ignition device, which switch means is triggered to discharge the charge capacitor by means including a mechanical switch operable in response to engine rotation and by employing a portion of the charge on the charge capacitor to turn on the solid-state switch means upon closure of the mechanical switch.

While the invention can be employed in connection with a single cylinder engine, the inventionis also applicable to multi-cylinder engines when using a single solid-state switch means and a distributor. In addition, the invention has particular utility in connection with multi-cylinder engines wherein the capacitor discharge ignition circuit includes separate switch controlledsparking sub-circuits for each cylinder and a separate mechanically operated trigger sub-circuit for each switch controlled-sparking sub-circuit.

One of the features of the invention resides in the use of a charge capacitor to perform the dual functions of providing the primary voltage to cause spark ignition, as well as of providing the potential, in response to mechanical switch closure, to trigger the solid-state switch.

Another feature of the invention resides in the provision of a relatively low current flow through the mechanical switch contacts to effect triggering of the solid-state switch means.

One of the principal objects of the invention is the provision of a capacitor discharge ignition circuit controlled by a mechanical switch, which circuit can be employed in a single or multi-cylinder engine.

Another of the principal objects of the invention is .the provision of a capacitor discharge ignition system in which spark producing discharge of the charge capacitor is triggered by a portion of the charge on the charge capacitor in response to closure of a mechanical switch operative in response to engine rotation.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved mechanical switch controlled capacitor discharge ignition system which is modest in cost and which will provide a long and useful life.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become known by reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.

DRAWINGS P16. 1 is a schematic diagram of one ignition circuit embodying various of the features of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a second ignition circuit embodying various of the features of the invention.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION Shown in H0. 1 of the drawings is a capacitor discharge ignition circuit 11 which includes various of the features of the invention. The circuit 11 includes means for charging a charge capacitor 31 and for maintaining the charge on the charge capacitor in the absence of a completed discharge path. More specifically, such charging and charge maintenance means preferably includes a source 13 of direct current including positive and negative terminals 17 and 19, respectively and means for preventing current flow counter to the current flow. While various arrangements are possible, in the construction disclosed in FIG. 1, the source 13 includes a permanent magnet alternator 21 (shown schematically as including a coil 22) which is connected to a full-wave rectifying bridge 23 including the positive and negative terminals 17 and 19, respectively, and a plurality of diodes 27 which serve to rectify the current produced by the alternator, as well as to maintain the charge on the capacitor 31 by preventing reverse current flow.

The charge capacitor 31 is connected to the positive and negative terminals 17 and 19 of the direct current source 13. Also connected to the positive and negative terminals of the direct current voltage source 13, in parallel relation to the charge capacitor 31, is a first ignition sub-circuit 33 including a primary ignition coil winding 37 connected in series with an electronic solidstate, semi-conductor switch means 41 which preferably has a predetermined switch over voltage to change the operative state. The primary ignition coil winding 37 is also connected to a secondary ignition coil winding 43 which, in turn, is connected to a sparking device 47, such as a spark plug.

While other solid-state switches could possibly be employed, in the disclosed construction, the switch means 41 comprises a silicon control rectifier including an anode 51 connected through the primary ignition coil winding 37 to the positive terminal 17 of the fullwave rectifying bridge 23, or other direct current source, together with a cathode 53 which is connected to the negative terminal 19 of the full-wave rectifying bridge 23 or other direct current source. The silicon control rectifier 41 further includes a gate 57 which is connected to a first triggering sub-circuit 61 which forms a part of the first ignition sub-circuit 33.

The first triggering sub-circuit 61 includes a triggering capacitor 63 having a first plate 67 connected to the gate 57 and a second plate 69 connected to one contact 71 of a cam driven mechanical switch or breaker 73 which includes a second contact 77 connected to a common potential or ground 79 and which is operated to open and close the contacts 71 and 77 in response to rotation of a shaft (not shown) driven in synchronism with engine operation. The first triggering subcircuit 61 further includes a diode 81 having an anode 83 connected to the second plate 69 of the triggering capacitor 63 and having a cathode 87 connected to ground 79. 7

in order to charge the triggering capacitor 63 when the switch contacts 71 and 77. are closed and in order to afford reverse flow from the triggering capacitor 63 after triggering of the SCR 4], the positive terminal 17 of the direct current voltage source 13 is also connected to ground 79.

In order to eliminate possible triggering of the SCR 41, in response to possible generation of radio frequency signals by the collapsing fields of the ignition coil, a capacitor 89 is provided between the gate 57 and the cathode 53 of the SCR 41.

When the disclosed arrangement is employed in connection with a multi-cylinder engine, additional ignition sub-circuits can be connected to the positive and negative terminals 17 and 19 of the direct current voltage source 13 in lieu of the use of a distributor. Thus, the circuit 1 1 shown in FIG. 1 is especially designed for use in connection with a two-cylinder engine, and a second ignition sub-circuit 91 is connected to the positive and negative terminals 17 and 19, respectively, of the direct current voltage source 13. The second ignition sub-circuit 91 is identical to the first ignition subcircuit 33 and, as can be seen in the drawings, is connected in parallel therewith.

In order to eliminate cross firing of the cylinders, each of the ignition sub-circuits 31 and 91 further includes a filtering capacitor 93 and a resistor 97 which are connected in series and which, as a unit, are connected in parallel with the anode 51 and cathode 53 of the semi-conductor switch 41.

In order to permit grounding of the circuit 11 and thereby prevent engine ignition operation, the negative terminal 19 of the direct current voltage source is connected through a resistor 99 to a manually or otherwise operated ignition control switch 101 connected to ground 79. When the switch 101 is closed, the circuit is inoperable to effect ignition. However, upon opening of the switch 101, the circuit 11 is effective to effect operative engine ignition.

In operation, rotation of the engine causes charging of the charge capacitor 31 when the mechanical switches 73 are open. When it is desired to produce a spark at the ignition device, the associated switch 73 is closed. As a consequence, a portion of the charge on the charge capacitor 31 causes the triggering capacitor 63 to be charged due to the closed condition of the switch 73 and due to an effective electrical connection caused by the common grounded condition of the switch contact 77 and the positive terminal 17 of the direct current voltage source 13. Suchcharging of the triggering capacitor 63 produces a very fast pulse of proper potential at the gate 57 of the SCR 41, thereby switching the SCR to the on condition. The remaining charge on the charge capacitor 41 is now conducted through the primary winding 37 of the ignition coil and back through the full-wave rectifier 23, thereby also ringing out or damping reverse current flow. Discharge of the charge capacitor 31 through the primary ignition coil winding 37 sets up a high voltage potential in the secondary winding 43 to cause the generation of a spark at the spark plug 47.

After the-charge on the charge coil 31 has been depleted and the spark plug 47 consequently discharged, the switch 73 then opens and the charge previously applied to the plate 69 of the triggering capacitor 63 is discharged through the diode 81. In this regard, the discharge path for the triggering cathode 63 is through the diode 81 and through the connection effected by the common ground 79 back to the charge capacitor 31. Reverse current pulsations associated with the triggering capacitor 63 are damped by the diode 81. At the appropriate time, the switch contacts for the second ignition sub-circuit 91 are closed and then opened to produce similar sparking by the second ignition sub-circuit 91.

Shown in FIG. 2 is another capacitor discharge ignition circuit 105 which embodies various of the features of the invention. Except as will be described, the circuit 105 is generally the same as the circuit 11 shown in FIG. 1 and common reference numerals have been applied to common components.

In regard tothe differences between the ignition circuits 105 and 11, instead of using the full-wave rectifying bridge 23 shown in FIG. 1 to provide unidirectional or direct current to the charge capacitor 31, in the construction shown in FIG. 2, the source of direct current including a winding or coil 22 which is connected, at

one end or terminal 106, through a lead 107 to ground 79 and to the grounded or positive plate of the charge capacitor 31. The source of direct current also includes means for restricting current to unidirectional flow including connection of the other end or terminal 108 of the coil 22 through a diode 109 to the other plate of the charge capacitor 31 and the connection of a diode 1 11 in parallel with the charge capacitor 31 across the ends or terminals of the coil 22..Thus, as a result of the use of theme diodes 109 and 111, as shown in FIG. 2, the charge capacitor 31 is subject to unidirectional current.

The circuit 105 also differs from the circuit 11 in that the diodes 81 are replaced by resistors 113 which are connected in parallel with the trigger capacitors 63 and which serve to bleed off excess charge and to damp oscillation.

Still further, the circuit 105 shown in FIG. 2 differs from the circuit 11, shown in FIG. 1, by the elimination of the filtering capacitors 93 and the resistors 97.

Because of the above enumerated differences, the circuit 105 is considerably more economical than the circuit 11, which economy is achieved without decrease in operational effectiveness.

Typical values of various of the components employed in the FIG. 2 embodiment are as follows:

Coil 22 5,000 Turns No. 37 Wire Charge Capacitor 31 1 micro farads' Capacitors 63 and 89 0.002 micro farads Diode 109 2,000 Peak inverse voltage Diode 111 600 Peak inverse voltage Resistors 99 ohms, A watt Resistors 113 10 meg ohms, )4 watt I Operation of the circuit shown in FIG. 2 is substantially the same as that described with respect to the circuit 1 1 of FIG. 1 in that triggering of the SCR occurs in response to closure of the switches 73.

The disclosed arrangements including use of the triggering capacitor eliminates multiple triggering of the solid-state switch due to possible bouncing engagement of the mechanical switch contacts. In addition, use of a portion of the charge on the charge capacitor to trigger the gate of the SCR and particularly the relatively low current flow produced thereby allows the mechanical switch contacts to be closed for a substantial period of time so that an anti-reverse cam can be used to prevent the engine from running backwards. In addition, the current pulse at the gate rises quickly as the mechanical switch contacts are closed and provides a trigger signal which is precise and of short duration.

It is to be especially noted that in the disclosed constructions, the charge coil serves the dual function of providing the primary ignition voltage which serves to produce engine sparking and consequent engine operation, as well as the voltage which charges the triggering capacitor which, in turn, turns on the solid-state switch.

Various of the features of the invention are set forth in the following claims.

What is claimed is: t

1. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a charge capacitorincluding opposed plates, means for charging said charge capacitor and for maintaining the charge on said charge capacitor in the absence of the completion of a discharge path, saidcharging and charge maintenance means comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal connected to one of said charge capacitor plates and a grounded positive terminal connected to the other of said charge capacitor plates, an ignition sub-circuit including an ignition coil and solidstate switch means connected in series with each other and in parallel with said charge capacitor, said solidstate switch means including an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and a triggering sub-circuit including means for triggering said switch means to complete said ignition sub-circuit so as to discharge said charge capacitor through said ignition coil and comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact electrically connectable with said first contact in response to engine rotation, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts to complete said triggering sub-circuit, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said solid-state switch means, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor.

2. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 wherein said source of direct current includes a permanent magnet alternator including a coil and a full-wave rectifying bridge connected to said coil and including said first and second terminals.

3. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 wherein said source of direct current includes a coil which generates voltage in response to rotation of a magnet, and means connected to said coil and to said charge capacitor for restricting current to unidirectional flow.

4. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a diode having an anode connected to said first plate of said triggering capacitor and a cathode connected to ground.

5. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a resistor connected in parallel with said triggering capacitor.

6. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 including a capacitor connected across said gate and said cathode.

7. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a grounding switch connected to said negative terminal.

8. An ignition circuit comprising a charge capacitor including opposed plates, means for charging said charge capacitor and for maintaining the charge on said charge capacitor in the absence of the completion of a discharge path, said charging and charge maintenance means comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal connected to one of said charge capacitor plates and a grounded positive terminal connected to the other of said charge capacitor plates, first and second ignition sub-circuits connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, each of said ignition sub-circuits including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and an ignition coil primary winding connected in series with one, of said anode and said cathode, and a gate triggering sub-circuit for completing at least one of said ignition sub-circuits and comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts to complete said triggering subcircuit, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said gate, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor through said primary winding.

9. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a spark device, a permanent magnet alternator, a full-wave rectifying bridge connected to said alternator and having a positive terminal connected to ground and a negative terminal, a charge capacitor having plates respectively connected to said terminals, a series connected ignition primary coil and SCR connected to said terminals in parallel relation to said charge capacitor, said SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, a secondary ignition coil connected to said primary coil and to said spark device, a second capacitor having a first plate connected to said gate and a second plate, a switch including a first contact connected to ground and a second contact connected to said second plate of said second capacitor, said switch being operable to open and close said contacts in response to engine rotation, and a diode having an anode connected to said second plate of said second capacitor and a cathode connected to ground.

10. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a sparkdevice, a permanent magnet alternator, a full-waveirectifying bridge connected to said alternator andhaving a positive terminal connected to ground and a negative terminal, a charge capacitor having plates respectively connected to said terminals, an ignition sub-circuit including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, an ignition primary coil connected in series with one of said anode and said cathode, and a secondary ignition coil connected to said primary coil and to said spark device, and a triggering sub-circuit including a second capacitor having a first plate connected to said gate and a second plate, and a switch including a first contact connected to ground and a second contact con nected to said second plate of said second capacitor, said switch being operable to open and close said contacts in response to engine rotation.

11. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal and a grounded positive terminal, a charge capacitor connected across said terminals, solid-state switch means connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, and including an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and means for triggering said switch means to discharge said charge capacitor comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact electrically connectable with said first contact in response to engine rotation, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said solid-state switch means, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor.

12. An ignition circuit comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal and a grounded positive terminai, a charge capacitor connected to said terminals, and first and second ignition sub-circuits connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, each of said ignition sub-circuits including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, an ignition coil primary winding connected across said terminals in series with one of said anode and said cathode, and a gate triggering subcircuit comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said gate, whereby to fully discharge said charge primary winding.

capacitor through said Patent No. 3,809 a 044 I I Dated y 7 a 1974 Inventor(s Richard F. Jereb, Philip A. Anderson It is certifiedvthat error anpears in the shove-identified patent and that said Letters Patent -are' hereby corrected as shown: below:

In the Abstract:

line 1: I I l delete "ignition" second occurrencej I line l6 I l I delete "switch", insert contact Column 2, lines 11-13 delete "and means for preventing 7 current flow counter to the current flow" Y Column 4 line l4 I I delete "including", insert Column 4, line 15 before "ground", insert a positive terminal 110 which is connected to Column A, line 18 r I before '"means", insert rectifying Column 4, line 20 after, "to", insert a negative terminal 112 which is connected to Column 5, line 42 delete "first and second" and I insert negative and positive--- Signed and sealed this 22nd day of October 1974.

L (SEAL) I i I I .J

Attest M COY M. GIBSON 3R. I c. MARSHALL DANN Attesting' Officer v Commissioner of Patents

Claims (12)

1. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a charge capacitor including opposed plates, means for charging said charge capacitor and for maintaining the charge on said charge capacitor in the absence of the complEtion of a discharge path, said charging and charge maintenance means comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal connected to one of said charge capacitor plates and a grounded positive terminal connected to the other of said charge capacitor plates, an ignition sub-circuit including an ignition coil and solid-state switch means connected in series with each other and in parallel with said charge capacitor, said solidstate switch means including an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and a triggering sub-circuit including means for triggering said switch means to complete said ignition sub-circuit so as to discharge said charge capacitor through said ignition coil and comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact electrically connectable with said first contact in response to engine rotation, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts to complete said triggering sub-circuit, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said solid-state switch means, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor.
2. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 wherein said source of direct current includes a permanent magnet alternator including a coil and a full-wave rectifying bridge connected to said coil and including said first and second terminals.
3. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 wherein said source of direct current includes a coil which generates voltage in response to rotation of a magnet, and means connected to said coil and to said charge capacitor for restricting current to unidirectional flow.
4. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a diode having an anode connected to said first plate of said triggering capacitor and a cathode connected to ground.
5. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a resistor connected in parallel with said triggering capacitor.
6. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 including a capacitor connected across said gate and said cathode.
7. An ignition circuit in accordance with claim 1 and further including a grounding switch connected to said negative terminal.
8. An ignition circuit comprising a charge capacitor including opposed plates, means for charging said charge capacitor and for maintaining the charge on said charge capacitor in the absence of the completion of a discharge path, said charging and charge maintenance means comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal connected to one of said charge capacitor plates and a grounded positive terminal connected to the other of said charge capacitor plates, first and second ignition sub-circuits connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, each of said ignition sub-circuits including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and an ignition coil primary winding connected in series with one of said anode and said cathode, and a gate triggering sub-circuit for completing at least one of said ignition sub-circuits and comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts to complete said triggering sub-circuit, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said gate, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor through said primary winding.
9. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a spark device, a permanent magnet aLternator, a full-wave rectifying bridge connected to said alternator and having a positive terminal connected to ground and a negative terminal, a charge capacitor having plates respectively connected to said terminals, a series connected ignition primary coil and SCR connected to said terminals in parallel relation to said charge capacitor, said SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, a secondary ignition coil connected to said primary coil and to said spark device, a second capacitor having a first plate connected to said gate and a second plate, a switch including a first contact connected to ground and a second contact connected to said second plate of said second capacitor, said switch being operable to open and close said contacts in response to engine rotation, and a diode having an anode connected to said second plate of said second capacitor and a cathode connected to ground.
10. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a spark device, a permanent magnet alternator, a full-wave rectifying bridge connected to said alternator and having a positive terminal connected to ground and a negative terminal, a charge capacitor having plates respectively connected to said terminals, an ignition sub-circuit including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, an ignition primary coil connected in series with one of said anode and said cathode, and a secondary ignition coil connected to said primary coil and to said spark device, and a triggering sub-circuit including a second capacitor having a first plate connected to said gate and a second plate, and a switch including a first contact connected to ground and a second contact connected to said second plate of said second capacitor, said switch being operable to open and close said contacts in response to engine rotation.
11. An ignition circuit for an internal combustion engine, said circuit comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal and a grounded positive terminal, a charge capacitor connected across said terminals, solid-state switch means connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, and including an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, and means for triggering said switch means to discharge said charge capacitor comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact electrically connectable with said first contact in response to engine rotation, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to trigger said solid-state switch means, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor.
12. An ignition circuit comprising a source of direct current including a negative terminal and a grounded positive terminal, a charge capacitor connected to said terminals, and first and second ignition sub-circuits connected across said terminals and in parallel with said charge capacitor, each of said ignition sub-circuits including an SCR having an anode connected to said positive terminal, a cathode connected to said negative terminal, and a gate, an ignition coil primary winding connected across said terminals in series with one of said anode and said cathode, and a gate triggering sub-circuit comprising a switch having a first contact connected to ground and a second contact, and a triggering capacitor having a first plate connected to said second contact and a second plate connected to said gate, whereby upon closing of said switch contacts, said charge capacitor is partially discharged through said switch contacts and through said triggering capacitor to triggeR said gate, whereby to fully discharge said charge capacitor through said primary winding.
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3900016A (en) * 1973-03-16 1975-08-19 Bosch Gmbh Robert Capacitor discharge ignition system for an internal combustion engine
US3911886A (en) * 1973-07-10 1975-10-14 Nippon Denso Co Ignition system for an internal combustion engine
US3960128A (en) * 1974-10-15 1976-06-01 Mcculloch Corporation Capacitor discharge ignition system
US4007724A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-02-15 Outboard Marine Corporation C. D. ignition system with noise rejection means
US4038951A (en) * 1972-11-09 1977-08-02 Gehap Gesellschaft Fur Handel Und Patentverwertung Mbh & Co. Kg Device for limiting the speed of internal-combustion engine
US4144859A (en) * 1975-12-15 1979-03-20 Iida Denki Kogyo K.K. Oven-rotation prevention method and circuit in the non-contact type ignition circuit for the internal combustion engine
US4200078A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-04-29 Outboard Marine Corporation C. D. ignition system with active pulse discriminating means
US4204490A (en) * 1975-12-15 1980-05-27 Iida Denki Kogyo K.K. Over-rotation prevention method and circuit in the non-contact type ignition circuit for the internal combustion engine
US4324215A (en) * 1980-04-30 1982-04-13 Eltra Corporation Engine speed limiting circuit

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Cited By (10)

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US4038951A (en) * 1972-11-09 1977-08-02 Gehap Gesellschaft Fur Handel Und Patentverwertung Mbh & Co. Kg Device for limiting the speed of internal-combustion engine
US3900016A (en) * 1973-03-16 1975-08-19 Bosch Gmbh Robert Capacitor discharge ignition system for an internal combustion engine
US3911886A (en) * 1973-07-10 1975-10-14 Nippon Denso Co Ignition system for an internal combustion engine
US3960128A (en) * 1974-10-15 1976-06-01 Mcculloch Corporation Capacitor discharge ignition system
US4007724A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-02-15 Outboard Marine Corporation C. D. ignition system with noise rejection means
DE2652541A1 (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-05-26 Outboard Marine Corp Electronic ignition system for internal combustion engines
US4144859A (en) * 1975-12-15 1979-03-20 Iida Denki Kogyo K.K. Oven-rotation prevention method and circuit in the non-contact type ignition circuit for the internal combustion engine
US4204490A (en) * 1975-12-15 1980-05-27 Iida Denki Kogyo K.K. Over-rotation prevention method and circuit in the non-contact type ignition circuit for the internal combustion engine
US4200078A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-04-29 Outboard Marine Corporation C. D. ignition system with active pulse discriminating means
US4324215A (en) * 1980-04-30 1982-04-13 Eltra Corporation Engine speed limiting circuit

Also Published As

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CA955644A (en) 1974-10-01
CA955644A1 (en)
JPS5443652B1 (en) 1979-12-21

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