US3808048A - Method of cataphoretically providing a uniform layer, and colour picture tube comprising such a layer - Google Patents

Method of cataphoretically providing a uniform layer, and colour picture tube comprising such a layer Download PDF

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Publication number
US3808048A
US3808048A US00203769A US20376971A US3808048A US 3808048 A US3808048 A US 3808048A US 00203769 A US00203769 A US 00203769A US 20376971 A US20376971 A US 20376971A US 3808048 A US3808048 A US 3808048A
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layer
electrode
suspension
cataphoretically
uniform
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US00203769A
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F Strik
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US Philips Corp
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US Philips Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J9/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture, installation, removal, maintenance of electric discharge tubes, discharge lamps, or parts thereof; Recovery of material from discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J9/20Manufacture of screens on or from which an image or pattern is formed, picked up, converted or stored; Applying coatings to the vessel
    • H01J9/22Applying luminescent coatings
    • H01J9/221Applying luminescent coatings in continuous layers
    • H01J9/225Applying luminescent coatings in continuous layers by electrostatic or electrophoretic processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D13/00Electrophoretic coating characterised by the process
    • C25D13/22Servicing or operating apparatus or multistep processes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J29/00Details of cathode-ray tubes or of electron-beam tubes of the types covered by group H01J31/00
    • H01J29/02Electrodes; Screens; Mounting, supporting, spacing or insulating thereof
    • H01J29/10Screens on or from which an image or pattern is formed, picked up, converted or stored
    • H01J29/18Luminescent screens
    • H01J29/28Luminescent screens with protective, conductive or reflective layers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J9/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture, installation, removal, maintenance of electric discharge tubes, discharge lamps, or parts thereof; Recovery of material from discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J9/20Manufacture of screens on or from which an image or pattern is formed, picked up, converted or stored; Applying coatings to the vessel
    • H01J9/22Applying luminescent coatings
    • H01J9/227Applying luminescent coatings with luminescent material discontinuously arranged, e.g. in dots or lines
    • H01J9/2278Application of light absorbing material, e.g. between the luminescent areas
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/13Hollow or container type article [e.g., tube, vase, etc.]
    • Y10T428/131Glass, ceramic, or sintered, fused, fired, or calcined metal oxide or metal carbide containing [e.g., porcelain, brick, cement, etc.]
    • Y10T428/1314Contains fabric, fiber particle, or filament made of glass, ceramic, or sintered, fused, fired, or calcined metal oxide, or metal carbide or other inorganic compound [e.g., fiber glass, mineral fiber, sand, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/13Hollow or container type article [e.g., tube, vase, etc.]
    • Y10T428/131Glass, ceramic, or sintered, fused, fired, or calcined metal oxide or metal carbide containing [e.g., porcelain, brick, cement, etc.]
    • Y10T428/1317Multilayer [continuous layer]

Abstract

A uniform dark layer of soot is cataphoretically deposited from a suspension of soot in insulating hydrocarbons on an aluminized phosphor screen of a color display tube in which the aluminum layer serves as one electrode and a shadow mask serves as the other electrode and the potential difference between the electrodes is maintained during decanting the suspension.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Strik METHOD OF CATAPHORETICALLY PROVIDING A UNIFORM LAYER, AND COLOUR PICTURE TUBE COMPRISING SUCH A LAYER Inventor:
Francis Bemardus Strik, Emmasingel, Eindhoven, Netherlands U.S. Philips Corporation, New York, NY.
Filed: Dec. 1, 1971 Appl. No.: 203,769
Assignee:
[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 12, 1970 Netherlands 7018154 US. Cl..... 117/226, 117/33.5 C, 117/33.5 CM,
' 117/33.5 CP, 204/181 Int. Cl. C090 l/44, B44d l/02 Field of Search 117/226, 33.5 R, 33.5 C,
[451 Apr. 30, 1974 117/33.5 CM, 33.5 CF
[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,037,923 6/1962 Gnau 204/181 3,360,450 12/1967 Hays 3,674,670 7/1972 Erikson 204/ 181 Primary ExaminerLeon D. Rosdol Assistant Examiner-Michae1 F. Esposito Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Frank R. Trifari [5 7] ABSTRACT A uniform dark layer of soot is cataphoretically deposited from a suspension of soot in insulating hydrocarbons on'an aluminized phosphor screen of a color display tube in which the aluminum layer serves as one electrode and a shadow mask serves as the other electrode and the potential difference between the electrodes is maintained during decanting the suspension.
5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures Y 'MIENTEWR Q 3808348 IIIIIIILII INVENTOR. FRANClS B. STRIK i wa Lf- MPNT METHOD OF CATAPIIORETICALLY PROVIDING A UNIFORM LAYER, AND COLOUR PICTURE TUBE COMPRISING SUCH A LAYER The invention relates to the cataphoretic provision of a uniform layer on a conductive surface, in particular a uniform dark layer of carbon or manganese dioxide on an aluminized phosphor screen of a colour television picture tube. The invention furthermore relates to a colour picture tube having a phosphor screen which is provided with such a uniform dark layer.
It is known, for example from German Patent Specification 625,217 and US. Pat. No. 3,037,923 that, for example carbon in the form of soot or graphite, can be cataphoretically provided on a conductive article, in which the carbon is dispersed in a non-conductive suspension medium and the carbon particles obtain a positive potential relative to the suspension medium. These known methods give good results if the surfaces to be coated are comparatively small.
In covering large areas, for example larger than a few sq.dm, a layer is often obtained, however, which is not uniform but shows stripes. From investigations it has been established that said stripes are caused in that during the separation of the covered surface and the suspension, parts of the layer can be carried along by the suspension which moves along the surface. This is disadvantageous in particular if the layer is provided on a phosphor screen of a picture tube since in that case the stripes are visible on the picture surface. The provision of adark layer on the cathode side of an aluminized phosphor screen of a colour picture tube actually is often necessary to obtain a more uniform temperature distribution on the colour selection electrode since in that case no thermal energy radiated by said electrode is reflected back to said electrode by the aluminium layer and said electrode can thus better dissipate its thermal energy by radiation.
The above drawback can be avoided entirely so that cataphoretically an entirely uniform layer can be obtained on a large surface upon covering a conductive surface by cataphoresis from a non-conductive suspension in which the surface to be covered forms one electrode and obtains a potential difference relative to another oppositely located electrode if, according to the invention, during separation of the covered surface and the suspension the potential difference necessary for the cataphoresis between the covered surface and the other electrode is maintained. As a result of the electrostatic force exerted by the potential difference, the particles of the layer arekept in their places when the suspension flows along them upon separating the covered surface and the suspension, so for example during drawing of the surface from the suspension or during the removal of the suspension in the case in which the surface is concave and the suspension is present in a cup-shaped article, for example, the window of a cathode ray tube.
In order that the invention may be readily carried into effect, one embodiment thereof will now be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which FIG. 1 shows diagrammatically a device for carrying out the method according to the invention, while FIG. 2 shows a colour picture tube having a layer obtained according to the invention, and
FIG. 3 shows a detail hereof.
Referring now to FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a cup-shaped window of a cathode-ray tube for colour television display. The cup-shaped window 1 is secured to a table 2 by means of a sucker 3. The table 2 can pivot about a shaft 4 and be tilted through by means of an arm 5 and a drawing device 6. As shown in FIG. 3, a phosphor layer 7 is present on the inner surface of the window I and is coated with a conductive aluminium layer 8. A shadow mask or another electrode 9 is present in the window and is connected to the side wall of the window I by means of resilient members 10. A suspension 11 of manganese dioxide (MnO or carbon in the form of soot in a nonconductive liquid, for example ethyl alcohol or acetone or a mixture thereof, is poured in the cup-shaped window l. The suspended particles assume a positive potential relative to the liquid. Instead of ethyl alcohol, the hydrocarbon commercially known as Shell-Sol has proved to be very suitable.
The aluminium layer 8 is connected to the negative terminal 17 of a voltage source by means of a clamping spring 12. The other electrode, in this case a shadow mask 9, is connected to the positive terminal 18 of the voltage source by means of a terminal 13. The potential of the voltage source 14 is, for example, 300 V direct voltage when using a suspension of soot in insulating hydrocarbons of, for example, the above-mentioned brand. Higher potential differences are also possible and accelerate the process.
After a few minutes, the table 2 is pivoted about the axis 4 without interrupting the potential difference so that the suspension is decanted from the cup-shaped window into a receptable not shown. The'surface of the electrode 8 is then coated with a layer of soot 16. Since the electrostatic field between the electrode 9 and the aluminium layer 8 is maintained, no soot particles are removed from the surface of the layer 16 by the suspension 11 which is flowing along and a uniform black layer of soot 16 is obtained.
The use of an electrode 9 in the form of a shadow mask. has the advantage that the soot particles of the suspension 11 can enter the space between the mask 9 and the aluminium layer 8 through the apertures of the mask without it being necessary for the suspension to flowbetween said electrodes. As a result of this the layer 16 can also become very uniform while damage to the thin aluminium layer is avoided. However, the mask 9 is preferably not the mask to be mounted ultimately in the tube, but it may be any mask, possibly a rejected one, which can be used many times for the same purpose. 1 Although one embodiment has been described, the invention may also be applied to coating large surfaces with materials other than manganese dioxide or carbon, for example on covering large metal surfaces with, for example, alumina or other insulating or possibly luiaesc Ls b a s What is claimed is:
l. A method of cataphoretically coating an aluminized surface of a cathode ray tube phosphor screen, comprising the steps of:
a. disposing an electrode opposite said aluminized surface;
b. providing between said electrode and said aluminized surface a suspension comprising a material selected from the group consisting of manganese dioxide and carbon in a medium of a liquid hydrotrode is perforated.
3. A method as defined in claim 2, wherein said electrode is a shadow mask.
4. A method as defined in claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon is at least one of ethyl alcohol and acetone.
5. A cathode-ray tube comprising an aluminized phosphor screen coated with one of the group consisting of carbon and manganese dioxide, said screen being so coated by the method of claim 1.

Claims (4)

  1. 2. A method as defined in claim 1, wherein said electrode is perforated.
  2. 3. A method as defined in claim 2, wherein said electrode is a shadow mask.
  3. 4. A method as defined in claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon is at least one of ethyl alcohol and acetone.
  4. 5. A cathode-ray tube comprising an aluminized phosphor screen coated with one of the group consisting of carbon and manganese dioxide, said screen being so coated by the method of claim 1.
US00203769A 1970-12-12 1971-12-01 Method of cataphoretically providing a uniform layer, and colour picture tube comprising such a layer Expired - Lifetime US3808048A (en)

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BE (1) BE776570A (en)
DE (1) DE2157767A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2118043A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1350410A (en)
IT (1) IT943794B (en)
NL (1) NL7018154A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3898146A (en) * 1973-05-07 1975-08-05 Gte Sylvania Inc Process for fabricating a cathode ray tube screen structure
US4078095A (en) * 1974-03-28 1978-03-07 Rca Corporation Slurry process for coating particles upon the viewing-window surface of a cathode-ray tube
US5600200A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-02-04 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Wire-mesh cathode
US5601966A (en) * 1993-11-04 1997-02-11 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Methods for fabricating flat panel display systems and components
US5612712A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-03-18 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Diode structure flat panel display
US5639330A (en) * 1990-03-14 1997-06-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method of making an image display element
US5675216A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-10-07 Microelectronics And Computer Technololgy Corp. Amorphic diamond film flat field emission cathode
US5679043A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-10-21 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Method of making a field emitter
US5697824A (en) * 1994-09-13 1997-12-16 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corp. Method for producing thin uniform powder phosphor for display screens
US5763997A (en) * 1992-03-16 1998-06-09 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Field emission display device
US5861707A (en) * 1991-11-07 1999-01-19 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Field emitter with wide band gap emission areas and method of using
US6127773A (en) * 1992-03-16 2000-10-03 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Amorphic diamond film flat field emission cathode
US6629869B1 (en) 1992-03-16 2003-10-07 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Method of making flat panel displays having diamond thin film cathode

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3245336A1 (en) * 1982-12-08 1984-06-14 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-Gmbh, 6000 Frankfurt Cathode-ray tube with a fluorescent layer

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3037923A (en) * 1957-12-26 1962-06-05 Sylvania Electric Prod Process for electrophoretically coating a metal with particulate carbon material
US3360450A (en) * 1962-11-19 1967-12-26 American Optical Corp Method of making cathode ray tube face plates utilizing electrophoretic deposition
US3674670A (en) * 1964-12-04 1972-07-04 Ppg Industries Inc Coating method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3037923A (en) * 1957-12-26 1962-06-05 Sylvania Electric Prod Process for electrophoretically coating a metal with particulate carbon material
US3360450A (en) * 1962-11-19 1967-12-26 American Optical Corp Method of making cathode ray tube face plates utilizing electrophoretic deposition
US3674670A (en) * 1964-12-04 1972-07-04 Ppg Industries Inc Coating method

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3898146A (en) * 1973-05-07 1975-08-05 Gte Sylvania Inc Process for fabricating a cathode ray tube screen structure
US4078095A (en) * 1974-03-28 1978-03-07 Rca Corporation Slurry process for coating particles upon the viewing-window surface of a cathode-ray tube
US5639330A (en) * 1990-03-14 1997-06-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method of making an image display element
US5861707A (en) * 1991-11-07 1999-01-19 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Field emitter with wide band gap emission areas and method of using
US6127773A (en) * 1992-03-16 2000-10-03 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Amorphic diamond film flat field emission cathode
US5612712A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-03-18 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Diode structure flat panel display
US5703435A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-12-30 Microelectronics & Computer Technology Corp. Diamond film flat field emission cathode
US5763997A (en) * 1992-03-16 1998-06-09 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Field emission display device
US5600200A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-02-04 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Wire-mesh cathode
US5679043A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-10-21 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Method of making a field emitter
US5686791A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-11-11 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corp. Amorphic diamond film flat field emission cathode
US5675216A (en) * 1992-03-16 1997-10-07 Microelectronics And Computer Technololgy Corp. Amorphic diamond film flat field emission cathode
US6629869B1 (en) 1992-03-16 2003-10-07 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Method of making flat panel displays having diamond thin film cathode
US5652083A (en) * 1993-11-04 1997-07-29 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Methods for fabricating flat panel display systems and components
US5614353A (en) * 1993-11-04 1997-03-25 Si Diamond Technology, Inc. Methods for fabricating flat panel display systems and components
US5601966A (en) * 1993-11-04 1997-02-11 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Methods for fabricating flat panel display systems and components
US5697824A (en) * 1994-09-13 1997-12-16 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corp. Method for producing thin uniform powder phosphor for display screens

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FR2118043A1 (en) 1972-07-28
GB1350410A (en) 1974-04-18
NL7018154A (en) 1972-06-14
DE2157767A1 (en) 1972-06-22
BE776570A (en) 1972-06-12
IT943794B (en) 1973-04-10

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