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US3805658A - Punch press with safety door - Google Patents

Punch press with safety door Download PDF

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Publication number
US3805658A
US3805658A US27439172A US3805658A US 3805658 A US3805658 A US 3805658A US 27439172 A US27439172 A US 27439172A US 3805658 A US3805658 A US 3805658A
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US
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
punch
door
position
section
closed
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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W Scott
R Sawvell
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WHITNEY CORP W
WHITNEY W CORP US
W A Whitney Co
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WHITNEY CORP W
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D55/00Safety devices protecting the machine or the operator, specially adapted for apparatus or machines dealt with in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/34Perforating tools; Die holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • B21D45/003Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass in punching machines or punching tools
    • B21D45/006Stripping-off devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S83/00Cutting
    • Y10S83/01Safety devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/872With guard means
    • Y10T83/8722Static
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8759With means to connect or disconnect tool and its drive

Abstract

The punch is surrounded by a tubular housing carrying a stripper plate and having a hinged door which is latched closed unless the punch is retracted to a tool change position. In addition, means sense the position of the door and prevent automatic cycling of the punch if the door is not closed. To adjust the stripper plate vertically, provision is made of compactly nested threaded rings and, to orient the punch angularly, provision is made of an adjusting mechanism which acts on a rod projecting from the upper end of a hydraulic cylinder and connected to a downwardly projecting ram for reciprocating the punch.

Description

United States Patent [191 Scott et a1.

[ PUNCH PRESS WITH SAFETY DOOR [75] Inventors: William B. Scott, Steward; Roger V. Sawvell, New Milford, both of 111.

[73] Assignee: W. A. Whitney Corp., Rockford, Ill. [22] Filed: July 24, 1972 [21] App]. No.: 274,391

[52] US. Cl 83/545, 83/571, 83/D1G. 1, 100/53, 192/134, 192/135 [51] Int. Cl 826d 7/24 [58] Field of Search 83/58, 68, 544, 545, 571, 83/572, DIG. 1, 573; 100/53; 192/134, 135

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,646,883 3/1972 Provi 100/53 2,916,985 12/1959 Beach 100/53 3,576,162 4/1971 McBrady 100/53 [11] 3,805,658 Apr. 23, 1974 3,688,686 9/1972 Ligh 100/53 X Primary Examiner-Frank T. Yost Attorney, Agent,.0r Firm-Wolfe, Hubbard, Leydig, Voit & Osann, Ltd.

[5 7] ABSTRACT I The punch is surroundedby a tubular housing carrying a stripper plate and having a hinged door which is latched closed unless the punch is retracted to a tool change position. In addition, means sense the position of the door and prevent automatic cycling of the punch if the door is not closed. To adjust the stripper plate vertically, provision is made of compactly nested threaded rings and, to orient the punch angularly, provision is made of an adjusting mechanism which acts on a rod projecting from the upper end of a hydraulic cylinder and connected to a downwardly projecting ram for reciprocating the punch.

10 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures 1 PUNCH PRESSWITH SAFETY noon BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relatesto a punch press with a reciprocable punch which coacts with an underlying die to punch holes in an intervening workpiece. More particularly, the invention relates to a punch press of the type in which the punch is carried on the end of a ram anchored to a piston which is adapted to be reciprocated back and forth within a cylinder in response to the admission of pressure fluid alternately into opposite ends of the cylinder.

A punch press of the same general type as the present press is disclosed in Scott, U.S. Pat. No. 3,720,125. In such a press, the punch reciprocates through a stripper plate which strips the workpiece from the punch as the latter is retracted out of the newly formed hole. The stripper plate is adjustable toward and away from the die to accommodate workpieces of different thicknesses and is carried on the end of a tubular housing which extends alongside and generally encloses the punch.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One of the aims of the present invention is to provide a punch press with a new and improved stripper housing which completely surrounds the punch and pre vents the press operator from gaining access to the punch unless the press is disabled in such a manner as to make it safe for the operator to insert his hands into the housing and between the punch and the stripper plate.

A more detailed object is to achieve the foregoing through the provision of a stripper housing having an access door which is latched closed during the normal punching cycle of the press and which cannot be opened until the punching cycle has been terminated and the punch has been moved to a fully retracted position.

A further object is to provide a comparatively simple latch which reciprocates with the punch and latches the door closed during the normal punching cycle and then automatically unlatches the door when the cycle is completed and the punch is held in a safely retracted position. The invention also resides in the provision of a manually releasable detent which holds the door closed until the latter becomes held by the latch at the start of the punching cycle.

Still another object is to provide relatively simple means for preventing operation of the press unless the door is closed and for automatically and immediately stopping the punching cycle in the event the door should be forced open during such cycle.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front elevation of a new and improved punch press embodying the novel features of the present invention, parts of the press being broken away and shown in section and the hinged door being shown in an open position.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross-section taken substantially along the line 22 of FIG. 1 and showing the hinged door in a closed position.

FIG. 2A is an enlarged view of parts shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 2 but showing parts in moved positions.

FIG. 4 is a radialcross-section taken through the stripper housing and diagrammatically showing a pneumatic circuit which is associated with the door.

FIG. 5 is-a fragmentary perspective view of the housing and the door, the latter being shown in an open position.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary top plan view of the press as taken along the line 66 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view of parts shown in FIG. 6.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The specific press which has been illustrated is numerically controlled and is particularly suitable for performing high speed nibbling operations in which the punch nibbles away successive portions of the workpiece to form a contoured hole or to shape the edge of the workpiece.

In this instance, the punch 11 is carried in a suitable punch holder 15 attached to the lower end of a vertically reciprocable rod or ram 16 which forms part of a hydraulic actuator 17 having an uprightcylinder 19 anchored to a horizontal support or mounting plate 20, the latter being rigid with the bed 14 and overhanging the die 13. The upper end of the ram 16 is connected to the lower end of a piston 21 which is reciprocated upwardly and downwardly in response to pressure fluid being alternately admitted-into and dumped from opposite ends of the cylinder under the control of a suitable valve (not shown).

Overlying the die 13 and disposed just above the workpiece I5 is a circular stripper plate 23 formed with a central hole 24 through which the punch 11 reciprocates during a normal punching cycle. As the punch is retracted through its upstroke, the stationary stripper plate engages the workpiece and thus strips the workpiece from the punch.

In a typical numerically controlled cycle, the punch 11 is reciprocatedthrough several successive working strokes and moves between advanced and retracted positions during each stroke. Thus, the punch advances sufficiently far into the die 13 to nibble off a portion of the workpiece 15 and then is retracted upwardly to the position shown in FIG. 3 in which the extreme lower end of the punch is disposed within the opening 24 in the'stripper plate 23. After the workpiece has been repositioned, the punch is again advanced downwardly through the stripper plate and into the workpiece. Upon the completion of a given nibbling operation, it may be necessary to replace the punch, the die and the stripper plate with tooling of a different size or shape before proceeding to perform the next operation. When the tooling is to be changed at the end of an operation, the numerical control automatically terminates the normal working stroke at the proper time and causes the ram 16 to retractthe punch upwardly beyond its normal retracted position (FIG. 3) and to stop the punch in an upper tool change position shown in FIGS; 1 and 2. When raised to the latter position, the punch may beremoved easily from the punch holder by the press operator and the ram 16 cannot be reciprocated inan automatic cycle until the operator manually re-starts the numerical control.

In accordance with an important aspect of the present invention, the stripper plate 23 is mounted on the lower end of a tubular housing 27 which completely encloses the punch 1 1 and the ram 16 and which includes an access door 29 that cannot be opened until the punch is retracted to its upper tool change position and y it is safe for the press operator to place his hands in the housing. As long as the punch is being reciprocated through its normal working stroke or is stopped out of its tool change position, the door is latched closed and cannot be opened either intentionally or inadvertently by the operator. When the punch is retracted to its tool change position, the door is automatically unlatched and may be opened for purposes of changing the punch and the stripper plate 23. Accordingly, the housing 27 of the present invention protects the operator from injury and yet enables the operator to gain easy access to the punch when safe conditions prevail.

4 More particularly, the tubular'housing 27 is of circular cross-section and is connected at its upper end to the lower end of the cylinder 19 in a manner to be described subsequently. in addition to the door section 29, the housing includes a fixed section defined by an upper cylinder 30 (see FIG. 5) and by a lower half cylinder 31 located directly beneath the cylinder and opening toward the front of the press 10. The door 29 also is shaped as a half cylinder and is hinged to one edge portion of the half cylinder 31. When the door is closed, its free edge mates with and engages the opposite edge of the half cylinder 31 and the housing thus defines a complete cylinder from its top to its bottom.

The stripper plate 23 projects just below the lower edge of the housing 27 and is formed on its upper side with a radially extending flange 33 (FIG. 5) which fits snugly but releasably. into a complementary groove 34 formedaround the inner side of the door 29 and the half cylinder 31. When opened, the door pulls away from the stripper plate and the latter then may be removed easily from the housing 27 simply by pulling the plateradially out of the'half cylinder 31. To mount the door 29 for hinging on the half cylinder 31, a large car 36 (FIG. 5) is formed along one edge portion of the half cylinder and fits between a pair of vertically spaced smaller ears 37 formed on the adjacent edge portion of the door. A vertical hinge pin 38 (FIG. 4) extends {through holes in the ears and is threaded at its upper end into the lower edge of thecylinder 30. The door thus swings about the pin in moving between its open and closed positions. To facilitate opening and closing of the door, a handle 39 is secured to the edge portion of the door opposite the hinge.

in carrying out the invention, a latch 40 (FIGS. 2 and 3) reciprocates with the punch 11 and coacts with a strike 41 on the inner side of the door 29 to latch the latter closed unless the punch is in its tool change position shown in FIG. 2. Herein, the latch comprises an elongated finger secured to one side of the punch holder 15 by screws 43 and projecting downwardly alongside the punch holder, the finger being spaced radially outwardly from the holder with its lower end located in the same plane as the lower surface of the holder. The strike 41 is located near the upper end of the door and midway between the side edges thereof and comprises a block 44 (FIG. 4) fastened to the door by screws 45 and formed with an upwardly opening hole 46 for slidably receiving the latch finger 40.

When the punch 11 is retracted upwardly to its tool change position, the latch finger 40 is spaced above the strike 41 as shown in FIG. 2 and thus the door 29 can be swung open about the hinge pin 38 to enable the operator to gain access to the punch and the stripper plate 23. When the door is closed and the punch is advanced downwardly from its tool change position, the latch finger 40 telescopes into the hole 46 in the strike and prevents the door from being opened. The latch finger remains telescoped with the strike even when the punch is shifted upwardly to its normally retracted position (see FIG. 3) during the working stroke and thus the operator cannot open the door while the punch is reciprocating or when the punch is in any position other than its tool change position. Accordingly, the danger of the operator being injured is substantially reduced since all of the reciprocating elements above the stripper plate 23 are enclosed and since access to the housing 27 cannot be gained until the punch is retracted to its tool change position to pull the latch finger 40 out of the strike 41.

Advantageously, provision is made of a releasable detent 50 (FIGS. 2 and 2A) for holding the door 29in its closed position after the door has been shut and before the punch 11 is shifted downwardly to advance the latch finger 40 into latching engagement with the strike 41. In this instance, the detent comprises a vertical plunger 51 (FIG. 2A) which is fitted slidably into a chamber 53 formed ina screw 54 which is threaded into an upwardly opening hole 55 drilled in the upper edge of the door just outboard of the strike. A coil spring 56 is telescoped into the chamber 53 and urges the plunger 51 upwardly to a position in which the upper end of the plunger projects above the upper edge of the door. When the latter is in its closed position, the plunger seats releasably in a downwardly tapered hole 56 drilled in the lower edge of the cylinder 30 and serves to hold the door closed. After the latch finger 40 has been released and as the door is pulled opened by the operator, the plunger is automatically cammed out of the hole 56 and, when the door isre-closed, the plunger snaps into the hole to hold the door until the latch 40 subsequently telescopes into the strike 41.

The invention also contemplates means forpreventing automatic cycling of the punch 11 if the door 29 is not closed and also for causing the punch to stop immediately if the door should happen to swing open during a punching cycle. Herein, these means comprise a sensing system 60 (FIG. 4.) for detecting if the door is open or closed and operable when the door is open to produce an electrical signal for disabling automatic cycling of the punch.

Specifically, the sensing system 60 includes an air conduit 61 (FIGS. 4 and 5) extending into the side of the half-cylinder 31 and communicating with a drilled passage 63 which opens out of the free side edge of the half-cylinder 31. When the door is closed, the end of the passage is blocked and sealed by a rubber pad 64 located in a hole drilled in the corresponding side edge of the door 29.

During the time the door 29 is closed, the passage 63 is pressurized to a predetermined pressure with air introduced into the conduit 61 from a compressed air source 65 (FIG. 4), the air flowing through a pressure regulator 66 and an adjustable needle valve 67 before flowing into the passage. As long as the passage is blocked by the closed door 29, there is virtually no flow of air through the needle valve and thus there is little if any pressure drop across the valve. When the door is opened, however, the air escapes rapidly from the portion of the conduit 61 downstream of the needle valve and causes a much faster flow of air through the needle valve from the upstream portion of the conduit so as to create a larger pressure drop across the valve. A differential pressure switch 69 is connected in parallel with the needle valve and triggers from the position shown in full in FIG. 4 to the position shown in phantom when the differential pressure across the valve increases to a predetermined level as a result of the increased flow of air through the conduit. Upon triggering, the switch deenergizes a relay 70 which is connected into the control circuit of the press and which is effective when deenergized to prevent automatic cycling of the punch 1 1 from its tool change position. If the relay is deenergized while the press is in a working cycle, the punch is automatically stopped and the press is shut down.

Accordingly, the relay 70 is de-energized whenever the door 29 is open and thus prevents automatic cycling of the punch 11 until the door is closed to aline the strike 41 with the latch finger 40. Should the strike break or pull loose from the door during the punching operation, the punch 11 will be immediately stopped if the door flies open and causes de-energization of the relay.

In addition to guarding the safety of the press operator, the latch 40 and the sensing system 60 help prevent damage to the press 10. In most instances, the sheet metal workpiece 14 is bowed or buckled to some extent and, upon being re-positioned beneath the punch 11, pushes upwardly and laterally against the stripper plate 23 and tends to force the door 29 open. The latch keeps the door tightly closed and thus holds the stripper plate in its proper position so that the plate will not be shifted laterally and struck by the punch when the latter is advanced downwardly. If the latch or the strike 41 should fail and the door forced open during repositioning of the workpiece, the sensing system 60 will stop automatic cycling of the machine and prevent downward shifting of the punch. Thus, there is little danger of the punch striking and jamming against the stripper plate 23.

Extremely vertically compact mechanism 70 (FIG. 1) is provided beneath the cylinder mounting plate 20 for adjusting the stripper housing 27 upwardly and downwardly so as to enable vertical adjustment of the stripper plate 23 to accommodate workpieces of different thicknesses between the stripper plate and the die 13. As shown in FIG. 1, the adjusting mechanism 70 comprises an inner ring 71 which is telescoped over the lower end portion of a cylindrical, sleeve-like nose 73 formed integrally with and depending from the cylinder 19. The nose projects downwardly through a hole 74 in the cylinder mounting plate 20 and slidably receives the ram 16 to help guide and rigidly support the latter during reciprocation of the punch 11.

The inner ring 71 is internally threaded with threads of one hand and is externally threaded with threads of equal pitch but of the opposite hand, the ring being threaded onto the cylinder nose 73 so as to move up wardly and downwardly on the nose when rotated. Rotation of the ring in this particular instance is effected by a reversible rotary fluid motor 75 (FIG. 1) which is advantageously supported above the cylinder mounting plate 20 and whose drive shaft 76 carries a pinion 77 positioned to mesh with a second pinion 79 on the upper end of an upright shaft 80 projecting downwardly through the cylinder mounting plate 20. A gear 81 is fastened to the shaft 80 immediately below the cylinder mounting plate and meshes with gear teeth 83 formed around the outer periphery of the ring 71 just above the external threads thereon. Thus, when the motor 75 is energized, the shaft 80 is rotated to turn the ring 71 and cause the latter to thread upwardly and downwardly on the cylinder nose 73.

Threaded onto the external threads of the inner ring 71 is a non-rotatable outer ring 85 (FIG. 1) which is connected to the stripper housing 27 by means of angularly spaced shear pins 86 (FIG. 1) extending radially between the stripper housing and the outer ring. If the punch 11 should happen to strike the stripper plate 23 during the downstroke of the punch, the shear pins 86 will fracture to allow the housing 27 to pull loose from the outer ring 85 and, as a result, the ram 16 can complete its downstroke and the housing 27 will not be damaged by the punch jamming against the stripper plate.

To prevent rotation of the stripper housing 27 and the outer ring 85, a radially projecting bracket 87 is attached rigidly to the outer ring and is formed with a hole 88 which slidably and rotatably receives the lower end portion of the shaft 80. Thus, the shaft is free to rotate within the bracket but prevents turning of the outer ring 85 and permits the latter to move upwardly and downwardly.

With the foregoing arrangement, lowering of the stripper plate 23 is effected by driving the motor 75 in one direction so as to turn the inner ring 71 and cause the latter to thread downwardly on the cylinder nose 73. The outer ring 85 and the stripper housing 27 are carried downwardly with the inner ring and, being held against rotation, the outer ring also threads downwardly on the inner ring. Accordingly, the stripper housing 27 and the stripper plate 23 are shifted downwardly through a distance which is twice as great as the downward displacement of the inner ring 71. Upward adjustment of the stripper plate is carried out in a similar manner by driving the motor in the opposite direction to cause the rings to thread upwardly.

As a result of thetwo threaded rings 71 and 85, the stripper plate 23 may be lowered through small increments and over a relatively wide range by moving the inner ring only a short distance downwardly from the cylinder-mounting plate 20. Because the outer ring 85 is threaded onto the inner ring 71, the two rings are nested radially not only with one another but also with the cylinder nose 73 and thus the adjusting mechanism 70 is very compact in a vertical direction. Such compactness enables a reduction in the vertical distance between the die 13 and the bottom of the cylinder mounting plate 20 to permit the use of a comparatively short ram 16. The short ram thus is less likely to deflect laterally under the lateral forces exerted on the ram as the punch 11 impacts against the workpiece 15 during the nibbling operation and, in addition, lateral forces of smaller magnitude are transmitted back to the cylinder 19 by the ram. Accordingly, the ram itself is comparatively rigid and remains rigidly supported in the cylinder.

The rigidity of the lateral support of the ram 16 is increased still further by means of an upwardly projecting rod 90 (FIGS. 1 and 7) which is integral'with the upper end of the piston 21. As shown in FIG. 1, the rod 90 extends upwardly out of the upper end of the cylinder 19 and is guided for up and down sliding by a cap 91 connected to the cylinder and closing off the upper end thereof. By'virtue of the rod being guided within the cap 91, additional radial support is provided to counteract the lateral forces imposed on the ram 16 during the nibbling operation and to resist cocking of the ram and the piston 21 in the cylinder 19.

The ram 16 is oriented and locked in a precisely predetermined angularposition in the cylinder 19 by rugged and comparatively, trouble-free mechanism 95 (FIGS. 2, 6 and 7) which acts on the upwardly projecting rod 90 to orient and lock the ram. Orientation of the ram in the cylinder enables proper angular orientation of the punch l l and, with the orienting and locking mechansim 95 acting on the rod 90 and being located above the cylinder mounting plate 20, the area below the plate isunencumbered by the mechanism to help maintain a comparatively short vertical dimension between the plate andthe die 13 so that a short ram may be used.

In this instance, the orienting and locking mechanism 95 comprises a cup-shaped collar 96 (see FIG. 7) which is telescoped onto the upper end portion of the rod. 90 and is anchored thereto by angularly spaced screws 97. A depending pin 99 is rigid with the collar and fits tightly intoa keyway 100 in the upper end of the rod to locate the collar in a precise angular position on the rod.

Telescoped over the lower end portion of thecollar 96 is a ring 101 (FIG. 7) which is fastened to the collar by radially extending pins 103 and is held in an accurately established angular-position on the collar by a square key 104 fittedinto a keyway 105 in the side of the collar. A split ring 106 is telescoped over the upper end portion of the collar 96 immediately above the lower ring 101 and is adapted to be clamped securely to the collar by a bolt 107. When the bolt is loosened, the collar 96 may be turned within the split ring 106 to enable angular orientation of the rod 90 and the ram 16. v

As shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, the lower ring 101 is formed with a radially projecting arm 110 which is disposed immediately below an arm 111 projecting radially from and formed integrally with the split ring 106.

The arm 111 is held in an angularly fixed postion and, when the split ring 106 is unclamped from the collar 96, the arm 110 may be adjusted angularly relative to the fixed arm 11!. To enable adjustment of the arm 1 10, an upright dowel l 13 is press-fitted into a hole 1 14 (FIG. 2) in the arm 110 and projects upwardly into an enlarged hole 115 formed in the arm 111. Two adjusting screws 116 are threaded into radially extending holes 117 in the arm 111 and are positioned with their free ends or tips in engagement with the dowel 113.

When the split ring 106 is unclamped, one of the adjusting screws may beloosened and the other tightened to shift the dowel 113 within the hole and thereby adjust the ring 101, the collar 96 and the rod 90 angularly relatively to the angularly fixed split ring. In this way, the ram 16 may be adjustably oriented in a proper angular position within-the cylinder 19. After the ram has been oriented, both adjusting screws 1 16 are tightened against the dowel 113 and are clamped in place by lock nuts 119 located between the sides of the arm 1 1 l and the heads of the screws. The split ring 106 then is tightened by means of the bolt 107 and clamps securely against the collar 96 to prevent turning of the rod 90 and the ram 16.

To hold the arm 106 in an angularly fixed position, a hardened post 120 (FIGS. 6 and 7) of square crosssection is anchored to a plate 121 connected to and extending outwardly from the cylinder cap 91. The post projects upwardly from the plate, is disposed alongside the outer end of the arm 106 and coacts with two antifriction rollers 123 and 124 to guide the arm for up and down reciprocation with the rod 90 while preventing turning of the arm. As shown in FIG. 6, the anti-friction rollers are journaled on the free outer end of the arm 106 and are located on opposite sides of the post 120 to ride up and down on the latter when the arm is moved upwardly and downwardly as the rod 90 is reciprocated. The rollers fit snugly against the sides of the post and thus prevent the arm 106 from turning angularly relative to the post.

With the foregoing arrangement, the rollers 123 and 124 establish a rolling connection between the arm 106 and the post 120 to avoid theuse of a sliding guide con nection for the arm and hence virtually eliminate the creation of heat at the connection was the rod 90 is reciprocated at rapid rates ranging upwardly to 600 strokes per minute. Because the arm 106 remains angularly stationary when the rod 90 is adjusted by the screws 116, the rollers always remain in face-to-face contact with the sides of the square post 120 and thus always roll smoothly along the post without cocking or binding and without being subjected to excessive wear as otherwise would occur in the case of line contact between the rollers and the post. The two adjusting screws 116 are capable of shifting the rod 90 angularly through small, precise increments and thus the angular position of the rod may be accurately established to insure proper angular orientation of the punch 11.

As mentioned above, encumbrance between the die 13 and the cylinder mounting plate 20 is reduced by locating the orienting and locking mechanism 95 above the mounting plate and by arranging the mechanism to act on the upwardly projecting rod 90. Such encumbrance is reduced still further using the rod to actuate means'for signaling the vertical position of the punch 11. Herein, these means comprise two proximity switches and 131 (FIGS. 6 and 7) supported in vertically and horizontally spaced relation on a bracket 133 upstanding from the plate 121. A second bracket 134 is anchored to and projects outwardly from the arm 106 and carries a pair of horizontally spaced lugs 135 and 136 which move upwardly and downwardly past the switches as the punch 11 is reciprocated. When a tool changing operation is to be performed, the lug 135 triggers the switch 130 when the punch has been shifted upwardly to its tool changing position, and the switch produces an electrical signal to stop the ram 16 with the punch in that position. When the punch has shifted downwardly into the die 13 a predetermined distance during the normal working stroke of the punch, the lug 136 triggers the switch 131 to produce a signal causing the ram to reverse directions and shift the punch upwardly.

To effect reversal of the ram 16 when the punch 11 is shifted upwardly to its normally retracted position (FIG. 3), a proximity switch 140 is supported on the upper cylinder 30 of the stripper housing 27 and is adapted to be triggered by a lug 141 which is carried on the punch holder 15. While the proximity switch 140 is carried on and adjustable vertically with the stripper housing 27 for the advantageous purpose disclosed in the aforementioned application, the switches 130 and 131 of the present punch press are removed from the housing and are located above the cylinder mounting plate 20 so that the area below the plate is not encumbered by such switches.

We claim:

1. A punch press having a support, a vertically reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable to shift a punch downwardly and upwardly through a working stroke between retracted and advanced positions, said ram being selectively operable to shift the punch upwardly beyond said retracted position to a tool change position, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, a stripper plate supported on the lower end of said housing and formed with a hole within which said punch reciprocates during said working stroke, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section hinged on said fixed section to swing outwardly and inwardly relative to the latter about an upright axis between closed and open positions, a strike mounted on said door section, and a latch movable with said ram and engageable with said strike during said working stroke to hold said door section in said closed position but automatically releasable from the strike to permit outward swinging of said door section to said open position when said ram shifts said punch upwardly to said tool change position.

2. A punch press as defined in claim 1 in which said latch comprises a downwardly projecting finger movable with said ram, said strike comprising a member secured to the inner side of said door section and formed with an upwardly opening hole for slidably receiving said finger.

3. A punch press as defined in claim 1 further including means operable independently of said latch for holding said door section in said closed position and selectively releasable to permit swinging of said door section to said open position when said punch is in said tool change position.

4. A punch press as defined in claim 3 in which said means comprise a detent mounted on one of said sections and movable into latching engagement with the other section automatically as an incident to swinging of said door section to said closed position.

5. A punch press as defined in claim 4 in which said detent comprises a plunger mounted for endwise movement in said one section, a spring biasing said plunger toward the other section, and a hole in said other section for receiving said plunger when said door section is in said closed position and shaped to automatically release said plunger as said door section is swung toward said open position.

6. A punch press as defined in claim 1 further including means responsive to the position of said door section and operable to produce a signal when the door section is out of said closed position, and means responsive to said signal for preventing movement of said ram through said working stroke.

7. A punch press as defined in claim 6 further including a passageway in one of said sections and having an open end which is blocked by the other of said sections when said door section is in said closed position and which is unblocked when said door section is in said open position, means for introducing pressurized air into said passageway and operable to pressurize the latter to a preselected pressure level when said door section is in said closed position, and said signal producing means being operable to produce an electrical signal in response to the pressure in the passageway dropping below said level when said door section is moved to said open position and the end of the passageway is unblocked.

8. A punch press comprising a support, a reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable to shift a punch through a working stroke between and retracted and advanced positions, said ram being selectively operable to retract the punch beyond said retracted position to a tool change position, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section movable between open and closed positions relative to said fixed section, and means for preventing movement of said door section from said'closed position at all times during said working stroke and operable to permit movement of said door section to. said open position when said ram retracts said punch to said tool change position.

9. A punch press as defined in claim 8 in which said means comprises a latch reciprocable with said ram, and a strike on the inner side of said door section and telescoping with said latch during said working stroke.

10. A punch press comprising a support,'a reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable in an automatic cycle to shift a punch through a working stroke between retracted and advanced positions, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section movable between open and closed positions relative to said fixed section, means for releasably holding said door section in said closed position, a passageway in one of said sections and having an open end which is blocked by the other of said sections when said door section is in said closed position and which is unblocked when said door section is in said open position, means for introducing pressurized air into saidpassageway and operable to pressurize the lat ter to a preselected pressure level when said door section is in said closed position, signal producing means operable to produce an electrical signal in response to the pressure in the passageway dropping below said level when said door section is moved to said open position and the end of the passageway is unblocked, and means responsive to said signal for preventing automatic cycling of said ram through said working stroke. a

Claims (10)

1. A punch press having a support, a vertically reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable to shift a punch downwardly and upwardly through a working stroke between retracted and advanced positions, said ram being selectively operable to shift the punch upwardly beyond said retracted position to a tool change position, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, a stripper plate supported on the lower end of said housing and formed with a hole within which said punch reciprocates during said working stroke, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section hinged on said fixed section to swing outwardly and inwardly relative to the latter about an upright axis between closed and open positions, a strike mounted on said door section, and a latch movable with said ram and engageable with said strike during said working stroke to hold said door section in said closed position but automatically releasable from the strike to permit outward swinging of said door section to said open position when said ram shifts said punch upwardly to said tool change position.
2. A punch press as defined in claim 1 in which said latch comprises a downwardly projecting finger movable with said ram, said strike comprising a member secured to the inner side of said door section and formed with an upwardly opening hole for slidably receiving said finger.
3. A punch press as defined in claim 1 further including means operable independently of said latch for holding said door section in said closed position and selectively releasable to permit swinging of said door section to said open position when said punch is in said tool change position.
4. A punch press as defined in claim 3 in which said means comprise a detent mounted on one of said sections and movable into latching engagement with the other section automatically as an incident to swinging of said door section to said closed position.
5. A punch press as defined in claim 4 in which said detent comprises a plunger mounted for endwise movement in said one section, a spring biasing said plunger toward the other section, and a hole in said other section for receiving said plunger when said door section is in said closed position and shaped to automatically release said plunger as said door section is swung toward said open position.
6. A punch press as defined in claim 1 further including means responsive to the position of said door section and operable to produce a signal when the door section is out of said closed position, and means responsive to said signal for preventing movement of said ram through said working stroke.
7. A punch press as defined in claim 6 furtHer including a passageway in one of said sections and having an open end which is blocked by the other of said sections when said door section is in said closed position and which is unblocked when said door section is in said open position, means for introducing pressurized air into said passageway and operable to pressurize the latter to a preselected pressure level when said door section is in said closed position, and said signal producing means being operable to produce an electrical signal in response to the pressure in the passageway dropping below said level when said door section is moved to said open position and the end of the passageway is unblocked.
8. A punch press comprising a support, a reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable to shift a punch through a working stroke between and retracted and advanced positions, said ram being selectively operable to retract the punch beyond said retracted position to a tool change position, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section movable between open and closed positions relative to said fixed section, and means for preventing movement of said door section from said closed position at all times during said working stroke and operable to permit movement of said door section to said open position when said ram retracts said punch to said tool change position.
9. A punch press as defined in claim 8 in which said means comprises a latch reciprocable with said ram, and a strike on the inner side of said door section and telescoping with said latch during said working stroke.
10. A punch press comprising a support, a reciprocable ram on said support and normally operable in an automatic cycle to shift a punch through a working stroke between retracted and advanced positions, a tubular housing mounted on said support and surrounding said punch, said housing comprising a fixed section and a door section movable between open and closed positions relative to said fixed section, means for releasably holding said door section in said closed position, a passageway in one of said sections and having an open end which is blocked by the other of said sections when said door section is in said closed position and which is unblocked when said door section is in said open position, means for introducing pressurized air into said passageway and operable to pressurize the latter to a preselected pressure level when said door section is in said closed position, signal producing means operable to produce an electrical signal in response to the pressure in the passageway dropping below said level when said door section is moved to said open position and the end of the passageway is unblocked, and means responsive to said signal for preventing automatic cycling of said ram through said working stroke.
US3805658A 1972-07-24 1972-07-24 Punch press with safety door Expired - Lifetime US3805658A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3805658A US3805658A (en) 1972-07-24 1972-07-24 Punch press with safety door

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3805658A US3805658A (en) 1972-07-24 1972-07-24 Punch press with safety door
CA 165983 CA957274A (en) 1972-07-24 1973-03-13 Punch press
DE19732317511 DE2317511A1 (en) 1972-07-24 1973-04-07 punch press
FR7315146A FR2193662A1 (en) 1972-07-24 1973-04-26
JP6395873A JPS4964088A (en) 1972-07-24 1973-06-08
US05442090 US3939748A (en) 1972-07-24 1974-02-13 Hydraulic punch press with ram orienting mechanism
US3845680A US3845680A (en) 1972-07-24 1974-02-13 Hydraulic punch press with mechanism for adjusting stripper

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US05442090 Division US3939748A (en) 1972-07-24 1974-02-13 Hydraulic punch press with ram orienting mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3805658A true US3805658A (en) 1974-04-23

Family

ID=23047977

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3805658A Expired - Lifetime US3805658A (en) 1972-07-24 1972-07-24 Punch press with safety door

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US3805658A (en)
JP (1) JPS4964088A (en)
CA (1) CA957274A (en)
DE (1) DE2317511A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2193662A1 (en)

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US3949661A (en) * 1974-04-24 1976-04-13 Townsend Engineering Company Safety means for a skinning and/or slashing machine
US4033218A (en) * 1976-06-04 1977-07-05 Spanjer Brothers, Inc. Table-saw guard
US4106607A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-08-15 American Can Company Pneumatic safety system for machine enclosures
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US4922740A (en) * 1986-08-01 1990-05-08 Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche Spa Rolling unit supported as a cantilever
US5012912A (en) * 1990-02-26 1991-05-07 Rockwell International Corporation Safety interlock/latch assembly for a printing press
US5605429A (en) * 1993-06-30 1997-02-25 Eastman Kodak Company Door safety system for storage phosphor cassette autoloader
US5622076A (en) * 1995-05-04 1997-04-22 Welty; Robert E. Portable hydraulic punch
US5630348A (en) * 1993-12-21 1997-05-20 Kuchler; Fritz Slicing machine with circular blade
US5794351A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-08-18 Black & Decker, Inc. Window assembly and lower saw guard for circular saw
US5822864A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-10-20 Black & Decker, Inc. Viewing window for circular saw guard
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US20020017178A1 (en) * 2000-08-14 2002-02-14 Gass Stephen F. Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
WO2003006213A2 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-23 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US6553882B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-04-29 Hunt Holdings, Inc. Pencil sharpener with integral receptacle
US20050145086A1 (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-07-07 Mohr Monte D. Combination pencil sharpener bottle cap
US7707920B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-05-04 Sd3, Llc Table saws with safety systems
US7712403B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2010-05-11 Sd3, Llc Actuators for use in fast-acting safety systems
US7784507B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2010-08-31 Sd3, Llc Router with improved safety system
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US7832314B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2010-11-16 Sd3, Llc Brake positioning system
US7836804B2 (en) 2003-08-20 2010-11-23 Sd3, Llc Woodworking machines with overmolded arbors
CN1961638B (en) 2001-10-16 2010-12-08 布莱克和戴克公司 Housing for a power edger
US7895927B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2011-03-01 Sd3, Llc Power equipment with detection and reaction systems
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US8061245B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2011-11-22 Sd3, Llc Safety methods for use in power equipment
US8065943B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2011-11-29 Sd3, Llc Translation stop for use in power equipment
US8100039B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2012-01-24 Sd3, Llc Miter saw with safety system
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US3949661A (en) * 1974-04-24 1976-04-13 Townsend Engineering Company Safety means for a skinning and/or slashing machine
US4033218A (en) * 1976-06-04 1977-07-05 Spanjer Brothers, Inc. Table-saw guard
US4106607A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-08-15 American Can Company Pneumatic safety system for machine enclosures
US4226322A (en) * 1978-07-17 1980-10-07 Hardinge Brothers, Inc. Machine tool guard door assembly
US4922740A (en) * 1986-08-01 1990-05-08 Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche Spa Rolling unit supported as a cantilever
US5012912A (en) * 1990-02-26 1991-05-07 Rockwell International Corporation Safety interlock/latch assembly for a printing press
US5605429A (en) * 1993-06-30 1997-02-25 Eastman Kodak Company Door safety system for storage phosphor cassette autoloader
US5630348A (en) * 1993-12-21 1997-05-20 Kuchler; Fritz Slicing machine with circular blade
US5622076A (en) * 1995-05-04 1997-04-22 Welty; Robert E. Portable hydraulic punch
US6502316B2 (en) 1996-05-31 2003-01-07 Black & Decker, Inc. Viewing window for circular saw guard
US5794351A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-08-18 Black & Decker, Inc. Window assembly and lower saw guard for circular saw
US5911482A (en) * 1996-05-31 1999-06-15 Black & Decker, Inc. Window assembly and lower saw guard
US6237230B1 (en) 1996-05-31 2001-05-29 Black & Decker, Inc. Viewing window for circular saw guard
US6276064B1 (en) 1996-05-31 2001-08-21 Black & Decker, Inc. Viewing window for saw guard and method of making same
US5822864A (en) * 1996-05-31 1998-10-20 Black & Decker, Inc. Viewing window for circular saw guard
US9724840B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2017-08-08 Sd3, Llc Safety systems for power equipment
US9522476B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2016-12-20 Sd3, Llc Power equipment with detection and reaction systems
US9925683B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2018-03-27 Sawstop Holding Llc Table saws
US8408106B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2013-04-02 Sd3, Llc Method of operating power equipment with detection and reaction systems
US7895927B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2011-03-01 Sd3, Llc Power equipment with detection and reaction systems
US7788999B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2010-09-07 Sd3, Llc Brake mechanism for power equipment
US8196499B2 (en) 1999-10-01 2012-06-12 Sd3, Llc Power equipment with detection and reaction systems
US6553882B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-04-29 Hunt Holdings, Inc. Pencil sharpener with integral receptacle
US7921754B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2011-04-12 Sd3, Llc Logic control for fast-acting safety system
US20020017178A1 (en) * 2000-08-14 2002-02-14 Gass Stephen F. Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US9038515B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2015-05-26 Sd3, Llc Logic control for fast-acting safety system
US7681479B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2010-03-23 Sd3, Llc Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US7225712B2 (en) * 2000-08-14 2007-06-05 Sd3, Llc Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US20100251866A1 (en) * 2000-08-14 2010-10-07 Gass Stephen F Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US8371196B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2013-02-12 Sd3, Llc Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US8522655B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2013-09-03 Sd3, Llc Logic control for fast-acting safety system
US8151675B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2012-04-10 Sd3, Llc Logic control for fast-acting safety system
US8191450B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2012-06-05 Sd3, Llc Power equipment with detection and reaction systems
US8051759B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2011-11-08 Sd3, Llc Motion detecting system for use in a safety system for power equipment
US8100039B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2012-01-24 Sd3, Llc Miter saw with safety system
US7832314B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2010-11-16 Sd3, Llc Brake positioning system
US8065943B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2011-11-29 Sd3, Llc Translation stop for use in power equipment
US8061245B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2011-11-22 Sd3, Llc Safety methods for use in power equipment
US8186255B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2012-05-29 Sd3, Llc Contact detection system for power equipment
US7784507B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2010-08-31 Sd3, Llc Router with improved safety system
US7712403B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2010-05-11 Sd3, Llc Actuators for use in fast-acting safety systems
US20040226424A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-11-18 O'banion Michael Power tool safety mechanisms
US9446533B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2016-09-20 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
WO2003006213A2 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-23 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US7373863B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2008-05-20 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
WO2003006213A3 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-01-22 Black & Decker Inc Power tool safety mechanisms
US7827889B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2010-11-09 Black & Decker, Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US8186256B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2012-05-29 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US20110079124A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2011-04-07 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US8408107B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2013-04-02 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
US9267644B2 (en) 2001-07-11 2016-02-23 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool safety mechanisms
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US7836804B2 (en) 2003-08-20 2010-11-23 Sd3, Llc Woodworking machines with overmolded arbors
US9623498B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2017-04-18 Sd3, Llc Table saws
US8459157B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2013-06-11 Sd3, Llc Brake cartridges and mounting systems for brake cartridges
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US20050145086A1 (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-07-07 Mohr Monte D. Combination pencil sharpener bottle cap
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US20150075345A1 (en) * 2006-07-25 2015-03-19 Bruno Romeo Vegetable cutting apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS4964088A (en) 1974-06-21 application
FR2193662A1 (en) 1974-02-22 application
CA957274A1 (en) grant
CA957274A (en) 1974-11-05 grant
DE2317511A1 (en) 1974-02-14 application

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