US3798711A - Separable fastener - Google Patents

Separable fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US3798711A
US3798711A US26649472A US3798711A US 3798711 A US3798711 A US 3798711A US 26649472 A US26649472 A US 26649472A US 3798711 A US3798711 A US 3798711A
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member
bar
housing
extending
shoulder
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S Cousins
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S Cousins
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B11/00Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts
    • A44B11/25Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts with two or more separable parts
    • A44B11/26Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts with two or more separable parts with push-button fastenings
    • A44B11/263Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts with two or more separable parts with push-button fastenings with a push-button acting perpendicularly to the main plane of the buckle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/34Combined diverse multipart fasteners
    • Y10T24/3401Buckle
    • Y10T24/3423Buckle and separable fastening means for attached fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/40Buckles
    • Y10T24/4079Sliding part of wedge
    • Y10T24/4084Looped strap
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45524Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including resiliently biased projection component or surface segment
    • Y10T24/45529Requiring manual force applied against bias to interlock or disengage
    • Y10T24/45534Requiring manual force applied against bias to interlock or disengage having connected leading edge and separated trailing arms

Abstract

Separable fastener molded of glass-filled nylon, or the like, capable of supporting high loads, which latches firmly and easily and which when latched, is characterized by a minimum of protuberances and firm, complete restraint against relative movement.

Description

[4 1 Mar. 26, 1974 2,238,789 4/1941 Castro............,.......... 24/77 R 3,343,229

1 SEPARABLE FASTENER 9/1967 Tamika 24/77 R FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Inventor: Sydne Cousins, 345 W 58th St.,

New York, NY. 10019 June 26, 1972 242,139 1/1964 Netherlands.........l......... 144,427 6/1920 Great Britain 1,092,064 4/1955 [22] Filed:

France 24/230 SC Appl. No.2 266,494

52] US. 24/77 R, 24/196, 24/230 sc Primary E-wminerB0bby R y 1 1 Assistant Examinerl(enneth .1. Dorner lnt. A44b 11/25 24/230 SC, 230 BC, 230 CF,

[58] Field 01' Search...

e h t r 0 n l y n d k m A0 m r e n e t S m .m b a r References Cited like, capable of supporting high loads, which latches UNITED STATES PATENTS firmly and easily and which when latched, is characterized by a minimum of protuberances and firm complete restraint against relative movement.

Hcller..,..,....,,

Jumzen.......,,,...... 24/77 R 13 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures a z 0 )1 8 m a a PATENIEDHARZB m4 SHEET 2 [IF 2 SEPARABLE FASTENER -This invention relates to a separable fastener and, more particularly, to a separable fastener having a pair of slidably connectable members or portions. The subject fastener is universally applicable and suitable for a variety of uses for joining separable but adjacent areas, such as in garments, jewelry, key chains, equipment or assemblies, harnesses, straps, belts, or the like, or wherever it is desired to detachably hold together two articles, separable parts or edges.

In my earlier US. Pat., No. 3,200,464 granted Aug. 17, 1965 there is disclosed separable fasteners having wide utility, particularly in connection with garments, wearing apparel, jewelry, draperies, and the like which is easily engaged and disengaged, which is constructed in a manner to give long, trouble-free service, which may be quickly and simply coupled to form a positive securement of the article to which such fastener portions are fastened, which are responsive to slight pressure of a finger for releasing the cooperating members, wherein movement or play when coupled is substantially precluded and which are further characterized by an absence of protuberances extending from the fastener structure.

The present invention is an improvement over my aforesaid previously patented separable fastener in that the present separable fastener is capable of sustaining substantially higher loads while being yet easily disengaged even when fully loaded. It is also a feature of the present invention that the separable fastener is adapted for simple and easy attachment to a strap or harness member and may be readily and easily adjusted relative thereto.

Bearing in mind the foregoing, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a separable fastener which may be quickly, easily and simply coupled and uncoupled while being yet secure in its coupled config uration.

Another primary object of the present invention, in addition to the foregoing object, is the provision of a separable fastener which may be quickly and easily securely coupled in any of a plurality of relative orientations to preclude any possibility of mis-assembly and enable assembly with a minimum of concentration and even hastily, as in emergency situations.

Another primary object of the present invention, in addition to the foregoing objects, is the provision of such separable fastener which forms a positive and secure assembly substantially preventing movement or play once the cooperating members thereof are coupled.

Yet another primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of such separable fasteners capable of sustaining high loads.

Still another primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of such separable fasteners which are substantially immune to effects of moisture, cleaning fluids, and moderate temperatures, both elevated and depressed.

Yet still another primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of such separable fasteners molded entirely of glass reinforced nylon.

A yet still further primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of a separable fastener which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture.

Another and still further primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of a separable fastener which is compact and of sturdy construction, as well as attractive in appearance.

A yet further primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of such a separable fastener substantially lacking in protuberances and which is substantially immune to inadvertent release or uncoupling.

Yet another primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of such separable fasteners which may be readily and easily secured with and adjusted relative to a strap member or harness.

A yet still further primary object of the present invention, in addition to each of the foregoing objects, is the provision of novel and improved safety or anti-runaway straps for skis and the like. modifications The invention resides in the, combination, construction, arrangement, disposition and material of the various component parts and elements incorporated in an improved separable fastener constructed in accordance with the principles of this invention. The present invention will be better understood and objects and important features other than those specifically enumerated above will become apparent when consideration is given to the following details and description, which when taken in conjunction with the annexed drawing describes, discloses, illustrates and shows a preferred embodiment or modification of the present invention and what is presently considered and believed to be the best mode of practicing the principles thereof. Other embodiments or modificcations may be suggested to those having the benefit of the teachings herein, and such other embodiments or modifications are intended to be reserved especially as they fall within the scope and spirit of the subjoined claims.

IN THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is an exploded isometric view showing a separable fastener in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front view of the fastener of FIG. 1 in its assembled configuration;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional illustration taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 44 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional illustration taken along line 55 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 6 is an isometric view of another tongue member in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 7 is an isometric view of the opposite side of the tongue member of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is an isometric illustration of another housing member in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 9 is an isometric view of the opposite side of the housing member of FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a front view of a separable fastener comprising the tongue member of FIGS. 6 and 7 inserted in the housing member of FIGS. 8 and 9; and

FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional illustration taken along line llll of FIG. 10.

FIG. 12 is a perspective illustration ofa safety or antirun-away strap for use with skis or the like in aceor dance with this invention.

With reference now to the drawing, particularly FIGS. 1-5 thereof, there is shown and illustrated a novel and improved separable fastener constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention and designated generally by the reference character comprising a male member or portion 22, a female or housing member or portion 24 and a cross bar member or portion 26.

The male member 22 may be comprised of an elongated rectangular frame member 28 forming a fenestration 30. At the forward end of the frame member 28, integral therewith and projecting into fenestration 30, there may be provided a resilient tongue member 32, said tongue member 32 being narrower than the frame member 28 so that when disposed upon the same plane as the frame member 28, the tongue member 32 is adapted to fit within the fenestration 30. Said tongue member 32 is disposed upon an oblique plane and is provided with a shoulder 34 and a lip 36 at the free end portion thereof. Projecting from the rear of said frame member 28, there may be provided a neck portion 38 connecting the frame member 28 with a connecting portion 40. The connecting portion 40 may be of substantially rectangular eyelet configuration provided with a generally rectangular slot 42 extending there through generally perpendicular the plane of the frame member 28 with the longitudinal axis thereof generally parallel the shoulder 34. Accordingly, a strap member 44 defined by a free end portion 46 and a standing portion 48 may be passed through the slot 42, as shown, and the free end portion 46 thereof secured with the standing part 48 thereof, as by securing means 50 such as a rivet, as shown, or adhesive, line of stitching, or the like, so that the male member 22 is substantially fixedly positioned on the strap 44 although it is to be expressly pointed out that the attaching portion 40 may be of substantially any desired construction or arrangement as may be known in the fastener art such as, for example only, and without limitation, as is shown in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 3,200,464. The connecting portion 40 is preferably of greater width and depth than the plate portion 28 so as to define adjacent thereto a generally rectangular shoulder 52 extending therearound.

The housing or female member 24 is of sufficient width and depth to accommodate the frame member 28, and is preferably comprised of a pair of oppositely disposed generally parallel spaced apart side walls 54 and 56, a rear or end wall 58 perpendicularly disposed thereto at a rear end portion thereof, and a pair of generally parallel spaced apart generally plate-like portions extending thereacross defined by, for example, pairs of generally parallel spaced apart inwardly disposed shoulders 60 and 62, 64 and 66, and 68 and 70, respectively, together with a forward pair of transverse bars 72 and 74 generally parallel to the transverse axis of the female housing member 24 extending generally between the shoulders 60 and 64 and 62 and 66, respectively, at one end portion thereof and with a pair of intermediate transverse bars 76 and 78 in generally spaced apart parallel relationship generally intermediate the housing member 24. Accordingly, four fenestrations, 80, 82, 84 and 86 may be defined in the plate-like portions by the shoulders and transverse bars with the fenestrations 80 and 82 being in general axial align ment with one another and the fenestrations 84 and 86 being similarly in general axial alignment with each other, the fenestrations 80 and 82 being disposed at one end portion of the housing member 24 and the fen estrations 84 and 86 being disposed at the other end portion thereof. Further, a transverse or forward opening or aperture 88 is formed at one end portion of the housing member 24 of generally rectangular configuration defined by the forward transverse bars 72 and 74 and the forward end portion of the side walls 54 and 56. Further, the side walls 54 and 56, together with the end wall 58 and with the shoulders 60, 62, 64 and 66 define, extending generally inwardly of the housing 24 from the transverse aperture 88 extending past the fenestra tions 80, 82, 84 and 86.

The cross bar 26 is adapted to be inserted into the housing 24 through the transverse aperture 88 until disposed extending across the fenestrations 84 and 86 and, when so positioned, the free end portion 90 of a strap 92 may be passed through the fenestration 84, be tween the cross bar 26 and the intermediate transverse bars 76 and 78 of the housing 24, through the fenestration 86, back through the fenestration 86 and past the cross bar 26 generally between the cross bar 26 and the end wall 58 so that, upon tension being applied to the strap member 92 the cross bar 26 would be urged towards the end wall 58 to clamp the strap 92 generally between the shoulders 68 and '70 and the cross bar 26. On the other hand, when no such tension is applied, it may be seen that the strap member 92 may be readily passed by the cross bar 26 so as to provide an adjustable attachment therebetween.

ln inserting the male member 22 through aperture 88 of the female housing member 24, the frame member 28 is restrained from any lateral movement by the walls 54 and 56 and restrained in its forward movement by the engagement of the generally rectangular angular wall 52 against the forward end of the housing member 24. The frame member 28 is restrained against any rotation relative the female or housing member 24 by means of the shoulders 60, 62, 64 and 66 engaging the male member 28. As the frame member 28 is introduced into the cooperating female or housing member 24, the tongue 32 is depressed by the forward transverse bar 82 until the shoulder 34 abuts the inner sur face of the transverse bar 82 and partially projects upwardly into the fenestration 68. Then, the frame member 28 will be securely contained and held against relative movement within the female or housing member 24. It will be noted that any reverse pull upon male member 22 will not effect removal of the frame member 28 until pressure is applied to the tongue 32 to depress it sufficiently to allow the shoulder 34 to clear the forward transverse bar 62 and hence allow removal of the frame member 26 from the female or housing member 24.

The tongue member 32 is biased, through the resilience or memory of the plastic forming the male member 22 generally outwardly of the fenestration 30 and into the respective fenestration of the female or housing member 24 and is retained therein by means of engagement of the lip 36 against the inner surface of the transverse bar 82.

In order to provide an aid to the user in depressing the tongue member 32, the surface thereof may be provided with slip reducing means, such as a plurality of generally transverse ridges 94. Further, in order to enable the tongue member 32 to more readily pivot about its base line connection with the frame member 28, there may be provided relief means, such as a generally transversely extending curvilinear groove 96 extending substantially entirely transversely across the tongue member 32 at the intersection thereof with the frame member 28. Such groove 96 enables the tongue member 32 to readily bend thereabout while yet not adversely affecting the strength of the tongue member 32 so that the tongue member 32 may yet be of sufficient thickness as to prevent buckling during the application of tension to the fastener 20.

The cross bar member 26 may be provided with means, such as a plurality of teeth or ridges 98 extending therealong to provide increased resistance toward inadvertent movement of the web 92 relative thereto when the web or strap 92 is pulled thereagainst.

As a further aid in providing a secure adjustment of the web or strap 92 relative the female housing member 54, the edges of the cross bar 26 may, as shown, be generally cuvilinear so as to provide an increased wedging action against the housing or frame member 54. Fur ther, the cross bar member 26 may be constructed and arranged so as to be restrained against movement within the female or housing members 54in other than a direction generally parallel the longitudinal axis thereof.

For example, the shoulders 60 and 64 may be provided with generally longitudinally extending grooves 102 and 104, respectively, and the cross bar 26 may be provided with cooperating tenons or ribs 106 and 108, respectively, engageable within the grooves 102 and 104 so as to restrain the bar member 26 against twisting or rotation within the female or housing member 54. As shown, such grooves may be provided only in the walls 60 and 64, or, if desired, similar grooves may be provided in the shoulders 62 and 64. Similarly, the cross bar 26 may have such tenons or ribs extending in only one direction therefrom or the cross bar 26 may be symmetric and of generally I-shaped cross-sectional configuration having such ribs extending in both directions. Similarly, although the female or housing member 54 has been shown, illustrated and described as having two opposed fenestrations 80 and 82, enabling the male member 22 to be inserted therein in either of two positions, one side of the female or housing member 54 may be made solid and the respective fenestration eliminated.

Where, however, and as shown, the fenestrations 80, 82, 84 and 86 are each provided, the housing or female member 24 and the male member 22 may be coupled either in the position shown or rotated 180 relative one another so that the orientation therebetween at the time of coupling is not critical so as to preclude insertion of the tongue member 22 into the housing or female member 24 in a non-latching relationship.

Referring now to FIGS. 6-11, inclusive, there is shown and illustrated another embodiment or modification of separable fasteners constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

With reference to FIGS. 6-11, like reference characters will be utilized for the respective parts thereof, with the exception that the reference characters are primed, it being expressly understood that the embodimentor modification shown therein is substantially the same as the embodiment or modification of FIGS. l-5 and the parts thereof are the same except where specif ically set forth as being different.

The male member 22' is provided with a tongue portion 32' which on its inclined surface is provided with a generally oblong rounded and dimpled depression 94' as an aid in preventing slippage of an operator in depressing the tongue portion 32'. The relieved portion 96' on the rear of the tongue member 32' is of generally curvilinear configuration but is further provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs 97 to provide the desired degree of rigidity and strength thereto.

The female or housing member 24 is provided with a pair of relief grooves and 112 extending generally longitudinally thereof extending towards the inner surface of the shoulders 60, 62, 64 and 66 so as to provide narrow shoulders 114, 116, 118 and 120 for engaging the tongue portion 28 or 28' generally only along the edges thereof to thereby reduce the friction between the male member 22 and the female or housing member 24 and, further, to reduce binding or improper operation due to warpage, dimensional changes, or the presence of dead or any foreign matter therebetween.

Further, the housing member 24 has the shoulders 60 and 64 extended so as to form a back panel 63 completely subjacent the fenestration 82 so as to provide a smooth and uninterrupted surface permitting the male member 22 to be inserted therein in only one orientation. Further, the end wall 58' is provided with an elongated slot 59 through which the strap 92 may extend so as to extend outwardly of the housing or female portion 24 generally intermediate thereof and to provide a generally straight line pull thereagainst, as shown more fully particularly in FIGS. 10 and 11. In addition to providing a generally straight line pull on the strap member 92, this construction has the additional difference relative the construction of the housing member 24 in that the adjustment of the strap member 92 on the female housing member 24 may be readily and easily accomplished although the adjustment, once made, is not as secure in the absence of tension on the strap 92 while in the housing structure 24', the adjustment is less easily made but the adjustment, once made, is more positive even in the absence of tension on the strap 92. The housing structure 24, therefore, has particular utility where tension is not normally applied to the strap 92 as,

for example, in connecting the ends of a runaway strap as used inskiing to retain the ski to prevent the loss of a ski upon release of safety bindings.

As heretofore pointed out, the separable fasteners of the present invention may be molded of a plastic material and it has been found that a very high carrying capacity may be provided by the use of a fiberglas reinforced nylon.

For example, separable fasteners have been made in accordance with the present invention molded from fiberglas reinforced nylon with the male member having a width of approximately 1 5/16 inches, and a thickness of approximately one-eighth inch to the frame member with the tongue member 32 having a width of .approximately three-fourth inches, and the shoulder 34 being approximately three-thirty-second inches high for insertion in a housing member wherein the forward bar 38 is also of approximately one-eighth inch width which, after annealing at have held in excess of 400 pounds tension. Clasps or separable fasteners of these dimensions have been found, as set forth above,

particularly useful for use in connection with sporting and other outdoor equipment in that their dimensions are such that they can be readily and easily engaged and disengaged even under adverse conditions and under adverse weather, even when wearing gloves and mittens.

While the invention has been described, disclosed, illustrated and shown in terms of an embodiment or modification which it has assumed in practice, the scope of the invention should not be deemed to be limited by the precise embodiment or modifications herein described, disclosed, illustrated or shown, such other embodiments or modifications being intended to be reserved especially as they fall within the scope and breadth of the claims here appended.

What is claimed is:

l. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially solid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a distance substantially equal the width of said bar-like structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion and being provided with a recess of generally curvilinear cross-section extending thereacross to enable flexure of said tongue member thereabout without substantial loss of resistance of said tongue member to compressive loading, said tongue member further comprising a reinforcing rib extending at least partially generally laterally across said recess to control the flexure of said tongue member, said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position said male member relative said housing with said barlike structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said plate-like structure and said tongue member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and

means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together.

2. Separable fastener defined in claim 1 wherein said side walls are generally rectangular and generally paral' lel one another and said plate-like portions are generally rectangular and generally perpendicular said side walls.

3. Separable fastener defined in claim 1 wherein the other of said plate-like members comprises a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls toward each other and barlike structure dimensioned similarly to said bar-like structure of said one side extending therebetween defining a second fenestration dimensioned similarly to said first-mentioned fenestration in alignment therewith enabling said maie member to be inserted to engage said tongue member in either of said fenestrations.

4. Separable fastener defined in claim I further comprising means on the inciined surface of said tongue member adjacent said free end portion for increasing friction therealong to aid in operator depressing of said tongue member for disengaging said fastener.

5. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially sofid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a dis tance substantially equal the width of said bar-like structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion; said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position said male member relative said hous ing with said bar-like structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said plate-like structure and said tongue member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together; said housing attaching means comprising an attaching bar slidably engaged within said channel generally perpendicular said side walls and an end wall extending generally across said housing between said side walls in generally parallel spaced apart relationship to said bar-like structure to enable a strap-like member to pass around said attaching bar and between said attaching bar and said end wall to be clamped therebetween upon the application of tension to such strap-like member, wherein the edge of said attaching bar adjacent said end wall is of generally curvilinear configu'ration extending from generally closer said end wall at the end portion and farther apart therefrom at the central portion, said channel extending into said end wall a distance at least equal the depth of such curve,

6. Separable fastener defined in claim wherein said attaching means further comprises an elongated eye extending through said attaching portion generally perpendicular said frame member with the longitudinal axis thereof generally parallel said shoulders enabling a strap-like member to be passed therethrough.

7. Separable fastener defined in claim 6 together with a strap member, one end of which is connected with said male member, the other end of which is connected with said housing member and means securing two spaced apart intermediate portions thereof together to define a loop spaced between the end portions of said strap adapted to be connected with a ski binding to enable the end portions to be passed about a skiers leg and connected together to form a run-away or safety strap.

8. Separable fastener defined in claim 5 wherein the opposite edge of said attaching bar is similarly but oppositely curved.

9. Separable fastener defined in claim 8 further comprising teeth or serrations extending along said curvilinear edges.

10. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially solid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a distance substantially equal the width of said bar-like structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion; said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position said male member relative said housing with said bar-like structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said plate-like structure and said tongue member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together; said housing attaching means comprising an attaching bar slidably engaged within said channel generally perpendicular said side wallsand an end wall extending generally across said housing between said side walls in generally parallel spaced apart relationship to said bar-like structure to enable a strap-like member to pass around said attaching bar and between said attaching bar and said end wall to be clamped therebetween upon the application of tension to such strap-like member, further comprising a pair of fenestrations extending through said platelike members in general alignment with one another between said bar-like structure and said end wall and of a width less than the length of said attachment bar and through which the intermediate portion of said attachment bar may be exposed, enabling such strap-like member to be passed through said pair of fenestrations between said attachment bar and said bar-like structure, around said attachment bar and back through said pair of fenestrations between said attachment bar and said end wall to movably secure such strap-like member with said housing portion.

11. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a slot of lesser dimensional extent through said end wall in general alignment with said attachment bar enabling such strap to be extended therethrough on either side of said attachment bar to enable tension to be applied to said housing portion thereby in general alignment with the plat-like portions thereof.

12. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a pair of grooves extending into at least one of said shoulders generally perpendicular at least one edge of said channel and a mating tenon on at least one end portion of said attachment bar generally perpendicular to the longitudinal extent thereof to maintain alignment of said attachment bar generally perpendicular said side walls and generally parallel said end wall.

13. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a relief extending generally inwardly of at least one of said plate-like members generally intermediate said side walls generally longitudinally throughout said channel.

Claims (13)

1. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially solid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a distance substantially equal the width of said barlike structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion and being provided with a recess of generally curvilinear crosssection extending thereacross to enable flexure of said tongue member thereabout without substantial loss of resistance of said tongue member to compressive loading, said tongue member further comprising a reinforcing rib extending at least partially generally laterally across said recess to control the flexure of said tongUe member, said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position said male member relative said housing with said bar-like structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said platelike structure and said tongue member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together.
2. Separable fastener defined in claim 1 wherein said side walls are generally rectangular and generally parallel one another and said plate-like portions are generally rectangular and generally perpendicular said side walls.
3. Separable fastener defined in claim 1 wherein the other of said plate-like members comprises a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls toward each other and bar-like structure dimensioned similarly to said bar-like structure of said one side extending therebetween defining a second fenestration dimensioned similarly to said first-mentioned fenestration in alignment therewith enabling said male member to be inserted to engage said tongue member in either of said fenestrations.
4. Separable fastener defined in claim 1 further comprising means on the inclined surface of said tongue member adjacent said free end portion for increasing friction therealong to aid in operator depressing of said tongue member for disengaging said fastener.
5. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially solid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a distance substantially equal the width of said bar-like structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion; said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position said male member relative said housing with said bar-like structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said plate-like structure and said tongue Member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together; said housing attaching means comprising an attaching bar slidably engaged within said channel generally perpendicular said side walls and an end wall extending generally across said housing between said side walls in generally parallel spaced apart relationship to said bar-like structure to enable a strap-like member to pass around said attaching bar and between said attaching bar and said end wall to be clamped therebetween upon the application of tension to such strap-like member, wherein the edge of said attaching bar adjacent said end wall is of generally curvilinear configuration extending from generally closer said end wall at the end portion and farther apart therefrom at the central portion, said channel extending into said end wall a distance at least equal the depth of such curve.
6. Separable fastener defined in claim 5 wherein said attaching means further comprises an elongated eye extending through said attaching portion generally perpendicular said frame member with the longitudinal axis thereof generally parallel said shoulders enabling a strap-like member to be passed therethrough.
7. Separable fastener defined in claim 6 together with a strap member, one end of which is connected with said male member, the other end of which is connected with said housing member and means securing two spaced apart intermediate portions thereof together to define a loop spaced between the end portions of said strap adapted to be connected with a ski binding to enable the end portions to be passed about a skier''s leg and connected together to form a run-away or safety strap.
8. Separable fastener defined in claim 5 wherein the opposite edge of said attaching bar is similarly but oppositely curved.
9. Separable fastener defined in claim 8 further comprising teeth or serrations extending along said curvilinear edges.
10. Separable fastener comprising, in combination, a housing member comprising a pair of spaced apart side walls and a pair of spaced apart plate-like portions extending therebetween and defining therewith a channel extending inwardly of said housing member from a generally open and unobstructed opening at one end thereof, at least one of said plate-like portions comprising a pair of generally parallel spaced apart shoulders extending oppositely from said side walls towards each other and bar-like structure extending therebetween defining a fenestration opening into said channel in spaced apart orientation to said opening; a male member comprising an attaching portion defining a shoulder larger than said opening and an elongated frame member extending from said shoulder having opposed side and end portions and a fenestration therein together with a resiliently disposed substantially solid tongue member having a thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the frame member projecting from one end of the frame member into the fenestration whereat the tongue member terminates in a free end portion, said tongue member defining an inclined surface extending from flush with the frame member to a location outside the fenestration whereat the surface terminates to define a shoulder facing the free end portion and spaced apart from said attaching portion shoulder a distance substantially equal the width of said bar-like structure defining a notch having a depth not greater than the thickness of the bar-like structure extending along said tongue member from said shoulder to said free end portion; said frame member being receivable within the housing by projecting the one end portion of the frame member through said opening of the housing with the tongue member shoulder and free end portion extending into said housing fenestration and into engagement with said bar-like structure to substantially securely position sAid male member relative said housing with said bar-like structure engaged between said attaching portion shoulder and said tongue portion shoulder, with said frame member engaged with said side walls and said plate-like structure and said tongue member notch precluding protuberance of said tongue member outwardly of said housing beyond said fenestration, and means for attaching said attaching portion and said housing portions with related structures to be removably secured together; said housing attaching means comprising an attaching bar slidably engaged within said channel generally perpendicular said side walls and an end wall extending generally across said housing between said side walls in generally parallel spaced apart relationship to said bar-like structure to enable a strap-like member to pass around said attaching bar and between said attaching bar and said end wall to be clamped therebetween upon the application of tension to such strap-like member, further comprising a pair of fenestrations extending through said plate-like members in general alignment with one another between said bar-like structure and said end wall and of a width less than the length of said attachment bar and through which the intermediate portion of said attachment bar may be exposed, enabling such strap-like member to be passed through said pair of fenestrations between said attachment bar and said bar-like structure, around said attachment bar and back through said pair of fenestrations between said attachment bar and said end wall to movably secure such strap-like member with said housing portion.
11. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a slot of lesser dimensional extent through said end wall in general alignment with said attachment bar enabling such strap to be extended therethrough on either side of said attachment bar to enable tension to be applied to said housing portion thereby in general alignment with the plat-like portions thereof.
12. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a pair of grooves extending into at least one of said shoulders generally perpendicular at least one edge of said channel and a mating tenon on at least one end portion of said attachment bar generally perpendicular to the longitudinal extent thereof to maintain alignment of said attachment bar generally perpendicular said side walls and generally parallel said end wall.
13. Separable fastener defined in claim 10 further comprising a relief extending generally inwardly of at least one of said plate-like members generally intermediate said side walls generally longitudinally throughout said channel.
US3798711A 1972-06-26 1972-06-26 Separable fastener Expired - Lifetime US3798711A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3798711A US3798711A (en) 1972-06-26 1972-06-26 Separable fastener

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3798711A US3798711A (en) 1972-06-26 1972-06-26 Separable fastener
AT911572A AT332827B (en) 1972-06-26 1972-10-25 Two-piece snap buckle
CA 155176 CA970538A (en) 1972-06-26 1972-10-30 Separable fastener
ZA7207687A ZA7207687B (en) 1972-06-26 1972-10-30 Separable fastener
GB5516272A GB1378530A (en) 1972-06-26 1972-11-29 Separable fastener
AU5071473A AU463943B2 (en) 1972-06-26 1973-01-03
HK44276A HK44276A (en) 1972-06-26 1976-07-15 Separable fastener

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US3798711A true US3798711A (en) 1974-03-26

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US3798711A Expired - Lifetime US3798711A (en) 1972-06-26 1972-06-26 Separable fastener

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US (1) US3798711A (en)
CA (1) CA970538A (en)
GB (1) GB1378530A (en)

Cited By (30)

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US3981535A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-09-21 American Safety Equipment Corporation Single retractor continuous loop restraint system
US4035877A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-07-19 Brownson Ivan F Buckle
US4150464A (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-04-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Buckle
US4282634A (en) * 1979-12-21 1981-08-11 Jack Krauss Buckle
EP0044639A1 (en) * 1980-07-18 1982-01-27 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. A buckle for belts or the like
US4398324A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-08-16 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Center release buckle
US4443916A (en) * 1981-11-30 1984-04-24 Tiemann James P Latching devices
WO1987003790A1 (en) * 1985-12-20 1987-07-02 National Molding Corporation Buckle type fastener
US4679282A (en) * 1986-06-04 1987-07-14 Feng Lung S Press fastener
US4682688A (en) * 1985-01-24 1987-07-28 Firma Georg Knoblauch Secured container and locking device for same
US4745667A (en) * 1987-07-20 1988-05-24 Victoria Creations, Inc. Closure device and buckle
US4832393A (en) * 1988-04-11 1989-05-23 Kenneth Thomas Moving/lifting device with a strap
US4918790A (en) * 1989-05-12 1990-04-24 Soniform, Inc. Cam buckle
US4949436A (en) * 1988-08-11 1990-08-21 Anscher Joseph A Press release fastener
US5309950A (en) * 1991-12-12 1994-05-10 Staubli-Verdol S.A. Quick fastening harness cord connection
US5339870A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-08-23 United States Surgical Corporation Sternum buckle and applier
US5356417A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-10-18 United States Surgical Corporation Absorbable sternum closure buckle
US5380238A (en) * 1993-09-30 1995-01-10 Warnaco Inc. Double-closure clasp
US5546642A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-08-20 National Molding Corporation Side-release buckle fastener
EP0752220A1 (en) * 1995-07-03 1997-01-08 Baby Björn Aktiebolag A baby carrying harness and clasp means therefor
US5651166A (en) * 1995-11-13 1997-07-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for anti-slip webbing adjustment
US5671515A (en) * 1996-04-10 1997-09-30 Evans; Michael D. Quick release clasp
US5740952A (en) * 1996-01-11 1998-04-21 Bushnell Corporation Connector for binocular strap
US6189348B1 (en) * 2000-02-04 2001-02-20 Chien-Yung Huang Retightenable and resettable strap lock
US8043661B2 (en) 2003-11-26 2011-10-25 Thomas C. Linnemann Decorative laminate and corresponding production method
US20110271499A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2011-11-10 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Buckle
JP2012020132A (en) * 2010-07-13 2012-02-02 Mcklein Co Llc Business case with removable handle and wheel assembly
US20120030914A1 (en) * 2010-08-09 2012-02-09 Michael Katz Aesthetic beaded necklace clasp
US20120204869A1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2012-08-16 Resmed Limited Mask and headgear connector
US20130224667A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Dale Roybal Survival Buckle

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GB2186315B (en) * 1986-01-07 1989-11-01 Mah Sing Plastics Ind Sendiria Container closures

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GB144427A (en) * 1919-04-11 1920-06-17 Deakin & Francis Ltd An improved fastening for bracelets, necklets and the like
US2238789A (en) * 1939-05-12 1941-04-15 Castro Manuel Separable belt connector
FR1092064A (en) * 1954-01-27 1955-04-18 O R A Ets Clasp, including leather goods, saddlery and similar applications
US3200464A (en) * 1963-08-29 1965-08-17 Cousins Sydne Separable fastener
US3262169A (en) * 1965-01-21 1966-07-26 Steinthal & Co Inc M Buckle assembly
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Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3981535A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-09-21 American Safety Equipment Corporation Single retractor continuous loop restraint system
US4035877A (en) * 1975-09-15 1977-07-19 Brownson Ivan F Buckle
US4150464A (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-04-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Buckle
US4282634A (en) * 1979-12-21 1981-08-11 Jack Krauss Buckle
US4407049A (en) * 1980-07-18 1983-10-04 Yoshida Kogyo, K.K. Buckle for belts or the like
EP0044639A1 (en) * 1980-07-18 1982-01-27 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. A buckle for belts or the like
US4398324A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-08-16 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Center release buckle
US4443916A (en) * 1981-11-30 1984-04-24 Tiemann James P Latching devices
US4682688A (en) * 1985-01-24 1987-07-28 Firma Georg Knoblauch Secured container and locking device for same
US4688337A (en) * 1985-12-20 1987-08-25 National Molding Corporation Buckle type fastener
WO1987003790A1 (en) * 1985-12-20 1987-07-02 National Molding Corporation Buckle type fastener
US4679282A (en) * 1986-06-04 1987-07-14 Feng Lung S Press fastener
US4745667A (en) * 1987-07-20 1988-05-24 Victoria Creations, Inc. Closure device and buckle
US4832393A (en) * 1988-04-11 1989-05-23 Kenneth Thomas Moving/lifting device with a strap
US4949436A (en) * 1988-08-11 1990-08-21 Anscher Joseph A Press release fastener
US4918790A (en) * 1989-05-12 1990-04-24 Soniform, Inc. Cam buckle
US5309950A (en) * 1991-12-12 1994-05-10 Staubli-Verdol S.A. Quick fastening harness cord connection
US5339870A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-08-23 United States Surgical Corporation Sternum buckle and applier
US5356417A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-10-18 United States Surgical Corporation Absorbable sternum closure buckle
US5380238A (en) * 1993-09-30 1995-01-10 Warnaco Inc. Double-closure clasp
US5546642A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-08-20 National Molding Corporation Side-release buckle fastener
EP0752220A1 (en) * 1995-07-03 1997-01-08 Baby Björn Aktiebolag A baby carrying harness and clasp means therefor
US5651166A (en) * 1995-11-13 1997-07-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Method and apparatus for anti-slip webbing adjustment
US5740952A (en) * 1996-01-11 1998-04-21 Bushnell Corporation Connector for binocular strap
US5671515A (en) * 1996-04-10 1997-09-30 Evans; Michael D. Quick release clasp
US8844532B2 (en) * 1999-06-18 2014-09-30 Resmed Limited Mask and headgear connector
US20120204869A1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2012-08-16 Resmed Limited Mask and headgear connector
US9901701B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2018-02-27 Resmed Limited Mask and headgear connector
US6189348B1 (en) * 2000-02-04 2001-02-20 Chien-Yung Huang Retightenable and resettable strap lock
US8043661B2 (en) 2003-11-26 2011-10-25 Thomas C. Linnemann Decorative laminate and corresponding production method
US20110271499A1 (en) * 2009-01-16 2011-11-10 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Buckle
EP2407047A3 (en) * 2010-07-13 2013-12-11 McKlein Company LLC Business case with removable handle and wheel assembly
JP2012020132A (en) * 2010-07-13 2012-02-02 Mcklein Co Llc Business case with removable handle and wheel assembly
US8595907B2 (en) * 2010-08-09 2013-12-03 Michael Katz Aesthetic beaded necklace clasp
US20120030914A1 (en) * 2010-08-09 2012-02-09 Michael Katz Aesthetic beaded necklace clasp
US20130224667A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Dale Roybal Survival Buckle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1378530A (en) 1974-12-27 application
CA970538A (en) 1975-07-08 grant
CA970538A1 (en) grant

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