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Artificial tendon

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US3797047A
US3797047A US3797047DA US3797047A US 3797047 A US3797047 A US 3797047A US 3797047D A US3797047D A US 3797047DA US 3797047 A US3797047 A US 3797047A
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end
portions
portion
tendon
strip
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J Pillet
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Rhone-Poulenc SA
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Rhone-Poulenc SA
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/08Muscles; Tendons; Ligaments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/21Silicone

Abstract

A tendon of artificial materials which are tolerated by the organism and of which the ends, which can be stitched, show good properties of adhesion to the tissues whilst the middle portion remains non-adherent. The artificial tendon, which is inextensible and is of a length which can be adjusted according to the needs of the surgeon, comprises a suturable textile strip which is such as to permit fibroblastic infiltration and which is sheathed at its longitudinal central portion in a flexible tube which is nonadherent to tissue.

Description

United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,797,047 Pillet 1 Mar. 19, 1974 1 1 ARTIFICIAL TENDON 3.577.837 5/1971 Bader 3/1 [75] Inventor: Jean Pillet, Paris, France P E R h d A G d t rtmary xammer- 1c ar au e Assigneer Rhone-Poulenc Paris France Assistant Examiner-Ronald L. Frinks [22] Filed: 5 1972 Attorney, Agent, or FirmCushman, Darby &

Cushman [21] Appl. No.: 248,692

57] ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Application Priority Data A tendon of artificial materials which are tolerated by Apr. 30, 1971 France,..,. 71.15544 the organism and of the ends can b stitched, show good properties of adhesion to the tisg 26 153 sues whilst the middle portion remains non-adherent.

n [58] Field of Search"; 128/334 R DIG. 21 The artificial tendon, which is inextensible and is of a i length which can be adjusted according to the needs [56] References Cited otirtlliqe surgion, tcomprisfsf; SbLitui'fibleftlfx tik strig w 1c is suc as o permr 1 ro as 1c m1 ra ion an UNITED STATES PATENTS which is sheathed at its longitudinal central portion in I:odell a flexible tube which is nomadherent to tissue 1 1 ausner 3,613,120 10/1971 McFarland 3/1 6 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure ARTIFICIAL TENDON The present invention relates to an artificial tendon.

It is already known in autografting to use the small palmar tendon to make up for the absence of a more useful tendon. However, adhesions occur between the replacement tendon and the surrounding tissues, with a consequent reduction in the mobility of the limb which it controls.

In order to avoid these adhesions, it has been proposed to fix temporarily, between the bone and the muscle, a false tendon of silicone elastomer, until a pseudocystic membranaceous sheath forms. The elastomer is then removed, the replacement tendon is slid into the sheath and its extremities are fixed according to the usual technique.

Although this practice has the value of avoiding the adhesions, it necessitates two surgical operations between which the functioning of the articulation must be reduced by the maximum extent.

According to the present invention there is provided artificial tendon comprising a longitudinally inextensible textile strip with suturable ends which are such as to permit fibroblastic infiltration and a longitudinally central portion which is sheathed by a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues. Preferably, the textile strip is wound up on itself starting from its two side edges. This forms a double cord joined by the last turn of each coil. Usually, the two coils are on the same face of the common turn (G-shaped coils in contrast to the S-shape produced by forming one coil on each of the opposite faces of the strip).

A strip with a double coil has the advantage of giving a relatively flat tensile element in which the stresses are well balanced.

The cohesion of the strip can be improved by impreg- 1 nating the sheathed portion by means of an adhesive which is compatible with the living tissues and especially by means of silicone elastomer, but it is usually preferred to leave it all its porosity over its entire length; it is then possible immediately to adjust the tendon to any desired length even in the operating theatre by laying bare an additional portion of the strip and, if necessary, by reducing the length of the strip itself. Such a procedure can be carried out if a series of tendons of graded lengths between the normal limits for a specific use is not available.

For the same reason, the textile strip is usually freely slidable inside its sheath, or is fixed therein only by calized gluing, for example, in the middle part. It can also be glued at the twoends of the sheath or even over its entire length.

The sheath is a flexible tube of a material which is tolerated by the organism, preferably of medical quality silicone elastomer. As its principal use is'to avoid the adhesion of the textile strip to the surrounding tissues, the thickness of its wall is usually made as small as possible. The diameters of the sheath are chosen so that it shows a radial extension of O to 10 percent (preferably 1 to Spercent) once it has been adjusted on the tensile element. The sheath can optionally be reinforced by an extensible textile tube such as a tubular knitted fabric.

The sheath, its reinforcement or the strip can contain radio-opaque fillers, which allow the post-operative inspection of the prosthesis.

The following examples illustrate the invention and the use to which it can be put.

EXAMPLE 1 An artificial tendon may be formed as follows: sheath of a medical quality silicone elastomer tube, internal and external diameters respectively of 0.2 and 0.3 cm when in a relaxed non-tensioned state, length 21 cm, tensile element formed of a tape of ladderproof knitted fabric of polyester fibre (glycol polyterephthalate), 55 meshes per cm of width, 10 meshes per cm of length, 3 cm wide and 20 cm long. The tape is wound up on itself starting from its two edges (1.5 to 2 turns on each side). It is impregnated with water and stretched by 3 cm. It is dried in an oven at C for 15 minutes. This tape is inserted in the sheath, and this gives a 23 cm tendon (including the two 1 cm extremities which can be stitched), with an almost elliptical middle crosssection (3/3.5 mm axes). The whole can be sterilised by the usual means, especially in an oven.

A tendon according to the invention is illustrated in the single FIGURE of the accompanying drawing which illustrates, in perspective, a tensile element 1 opened out at 1b, wound up on itself again at 1a and received within a tubular sheath 2.

The putting into place can be carried out as follows; the near end of the tape can be opened out, buried and stitched in the muscle. The distal end can be opened out and firmly fixed to the bone by one of the usual techniques such as an intraosseous or sub-periosteal tunnel. If a sufficient portion of the natural tendon is still in existence, the following technique may be used; a sufficient length of tape is bared and divided longitudinally into two strands (a part of the middle portion being removed, if appropriate). Transverse holes are pierced in the tendon and the two strands are laced through them, for example, by crossing the strands in each hole.

This portion of the tendon is then surrounded with a piece of crimped polyester velvet, coated with silicone elastomer on its outer face and which is glued along its free edge. A sheath is thus formed which will fix itself to the tendon by fibroblastic infiltration and will resist post-operative adhesions. The end of this sheath is I EXAMPLE 2 1 A tendon may be prepared as in Example 1, but with 5 cm reserved at each end as elements which can be stitched. At the time of insertion into the sheath, the portion of tape to be sheathed is impregnated with medical quality silicone elastomer which can be selfvulcanized. The tendon produced is a little less flexible and resists the penetration of serum under the sheath.

I claim:

1. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip which has a uniform porosity along its length and which has suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; and a flexible tube of a ma- 2. A tendon as claimed in claim 1, wherein said longitudinally central portion is impregnated with adhesive.

3. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and two longitudinal side edges to said strip, at least the sheathed portion of said strip being wound up on itself widthwise starting from said two side edges.

4. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; and a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed, said textile strip being independently slidable with respect to said sheathing tube.

5. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitidinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and an area of localized gluing adjacent only to the longitudinal centre of the interior of the tube with the end portions being free of gluing, the textile strip being adhered to said tube by said localized gluing.

6. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and an area of localized gluing adjacent only to the ends of the interior of said tube with'the central portion between said ends being free of gluing, the textile strip being adhered to said tube by said localized gluing.

Claims (6)

1. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip which has a uniform porosity along its length and which has suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; and a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinally central portion leaving said end portions exposed.
2. A tendon as claimed in claim 1, wherein said longitudinally central portion is impregnated with adhesive.
3. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textiLe strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and two longitudinal side edges to said strip, at least the sheathed portion of said strip being wound up on itself widthwise starting from said two side edges.
4. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; and a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed, said textile strip being independently slidable with respect to said sheathing tube.
5. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitidinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and an area of localized gluing adjacent only to the longitudinal centre of the interior of the tube with the end portions being free of gluing, the textile strip being adhered to said tube by said localized gluing.
6. An artificial tendon consisting of a longitudinally inextensible textile strip having suturable end portions at each end thereof, said end portions permitting fibroblastic infiltration, and a longitudinally central portion between said end portions; a flexible tube of a material which will not adhere to tissues sheathing said longitudinal central portion leaving said end portions exposed; and an area of localized gluing adjacent only to the ends of the interior of said tube with the central portion between said ends being free of gluing, the textile strip being adhered to said tube by said localized gluing.
US3797047A 1971-04-30 1972-04-28 Artificial tendon Expired - Lifetime US3797047A (en)

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FR7115544A FR2135825A5 (en) 1971-04-30 1971-04-30

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BE (1) BE782873A (en)
CA (1) CA937702A (en)
DE (1) DE2221112A1 (en)
DK (1) DK128050B (en)
FR (1) FR2135825A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1317417A (en)
NL (1) NL7205431A (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3987497A (en) * 1974-03-29 1976-10-26 Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved Tendon prosthesis
US4052754A (en) * 1975-08-14 1977-10-11 Homsy Charles A Implantable structure
US4127902A (en) * 1976-06-07 1978-12-05 Homsy Charles A Structure suitable for in vivo implantation
US4209859A (en) * 1978-03-29 1980-07-01 Meadox Medicals, Inc. Ligament and tendon prosthesis of polyethylene terephthalate and method of preparing same
US4246660A (en) * 1978-12-26 1981-01-27 Queen's University At Kingston Artificial ligament
US4255820A (en) * 1979-07-24 1981-03-17 Rothermel Joel E Artificial ligaments
US4345339A (en) * 1980-06-03 1982-08-24 Sulzer Brothers Limited Biologically implantable member for a tendon and/or ligament
US4455690A (en) * 1980-11-06 1984-06-26 Homsy Charles A Structure for in vivo implanation
US4501029A (en) * 1982-04-22 1985-02-26 Mcminn Derek J W Tendon repair
US4605414A (en) * 1984-06-06 1986-08-12 John Czajka Reconstruction of a cruciate ligament
US4781191A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-11-01 Thompson James S Method for enabling atraumatic passage of a severed tendon through a tendon sheath
US4829992A (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-05-16 Cilladi David R Soft playing orthopedic splint
US5026398A (en) * 1988-07-01 1991-06-25 The Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasion resistant prosthetic device
US5116372A (en) * 1986-05-07 1992-05-26 Laboureau Jacques Philippe Artificial ligament in synthetic materials impregnated and coated with elastic resin and its coating procedure
US5197983A (en) * 1988-04-19 1993-03-30 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Ligament and tendon prosthesis
US5514181A (en) * 1993-09-29 1996-05-07 Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc. Absorbable structures for ligament and tendon repair
US5549676A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-08-27 Johnson; Lanny L. Biological replacement ligament
US20030176876A1 (en) * 2002-03-11 2003-09-18 Jui-Hsiang Chen Multi-channel bioresorbable nerve regeneration conduit and process for preparing the same
US20080300683A1 (en) * 2007-03-20 2008-12-04 Altman Gregory H Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same
US20100286775A1 (en) * 2007-10-11 2010-11-11 Tavor [I.T.N] Ltd., Ligament and Tendon Prosthesis
WO2010134943A1 (en) 2009-05-22 2010-11-25 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for ligament and tendon regeneration
US20110238179A1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2011-09-29 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically Competent Scaffold for Rotator Cuff and Tendon Augmentation
WO2013139955A1 (en) 2012-03-22 2013-09-26 Trb Chemedica International S.A. Method for repair of ligament or tendon
US20150100121A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2015-04-09 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Biomimmetic nanofiber scaffold for soft tissue and soft tissue-to-bone repair, augmentation and replacement
US9433489B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2016-09-06 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Absorbable synthetic braided matrix for breast reconstruction and hernia repair
US20170056158A1 (en) * 2015-08-26 2017-03-02 Albert Einstein Healthcare Network Connector for attaching tissue to bone
WO2017165889A2 (en) 2016-03-25 2017-09-28 Biorez, Inc. Complex braided scaffolds for improved tissue regeneration

Families Citing this family (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2614123C2 (en) * 1976-04-01 1985-10-10 Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, N.J., Us
DE2836921C2 (en) * 1978-08-24 1986-11-06 Sigri Gmbh, 8901 Meitingen, De
FR2477009B1 (en) * 1980-02-29 1983-12-16 Meadox Medicals Inc
FR2483772B1 (en) * 1980-06-04 1984-02-03 Rambert Andre
US4584722A (en) * 1982-05-24 1986-04-29 Yeda Research And Development Co., Ltd. Prosthetic tendon
GB8304264D0 (en) * 1983-02-16 1983-03-23 Seedhom B B Prosthetic ligament
GB8431444D0 (en) * 1983-12-15 1985-01-23 Showell A W Sugicraft Ltd Replacements for ligaments & tendons
GB8414344D0 (en) * 1984-06-05 1984-07-11 Showell A W Sugicraft Ltd Surgical element
FR2573979B1 (en) * 1984-12-04 1987-01-02 Ceraver Prosthetic ligament or tendon made of carbon fibers
EP0201667B1 (en) * 1985-05-03 1989-04-19 Gebrüder Sulzer Aktiengesellschaft Artificial tendon made of a tubular textile structure
FR2598315B1 (en) * 1986-05-07 1990-06-15 Laboureau Jacques artificial ligament textile synthetic resin impregnates and coats of elastic and coating process
GB2203342B (en) * 1987-04-07 1991-12-11 Julian Garth Ellis Radio-opaque tracer for surgical implants
FR2617705B1 (en) * 1987-07-09 1997-08-14 Lemaire Marcel artificial ligaments and products to achieve the
FR2624724B1 (en) * 1987-12-22 1992-08-14 Rhenter Jean Luc Synthetic Ligament Knee
FR2651994B1 (en) * 1989-09-19 1994-09-23 Laboureau Jacques Philippe Prosthetic ligament comprising a reinforcement impregnated with synthetic or natural collagen fibers.
FR2662601B1 (en) * 1990-06-01 1994-06-10 Coisy Michel New artificial implant ligament.
FR2666219B1 (en) * 1990-08-30 1997-12-12 Peyrou Pierre Prosthetic ligament for strengthening the patellar tendon verticalizes by reversal of the external fibers of said tendon.
US5860978A (en) 1990-09-25 1999-01-19 Innovasive Devices, Inc. Methods and apparatus for preventing migration of sutures through transosseous tunnels
FR2684869A1 (en) * 1991-12-16 1993-06-18 Cendis Medical Element for consolidating or replacing a natural ligament
FR2697151B1 (en) * 1992-10-28 1994-12-23 Laboureau Jacques Philippe artificial ligament and making process.
GB0901779D0 (en) 2009-02-05 2009-03-11 Mandeco 569 Ltd An artificial ligament and method of manufacture

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3176316A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-04-06 Bruce R Bodell Plastic prosthetic tendon
US3513484A (en) * 1967-10-27 1970-05-26 Extracorporeal Med Spec Artificial tendon
US3577837A (en) * 1968-04-30 1971-05-11 Karl F Bader Jr Subdermal tendon implant
US3613120A (en) * 1969-10-21 1971-10-19 Research Corp Flexor tendon prosthesis

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3176316A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-04-06 Bruce R Bodell Plastic prosthetic tendon
US3513484A (en) * 1967-10-27 1970-05-26 Extracorporeal Med Spec Artificial tendon
US3577837A (en) * 1968-04-30 1971-05-11 Karl F Bader Jr Subdermal tendon implant
US3613120A (en) * 1969-10-21 1971-10-19 Research Corp Flexor tendon prosthesis

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3987497A (en) * 1974-03-29 1976-10-26 Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved Tendon prosthesis
US4052754A (en) * 1975-08-14 1977-10-11 Homsy Charles A Implantable structure
US4127902A (en) * 1976-06-07 1978-12-05 Homsy Charles A Structure suitable for in vivo implantation
US4209859A (en) * 1978-03-29 1980-07-01 Meadox Medicals, Inc. Ligament and tendon prosthesis of polyethylene terephthalate and method of preparing same
US4246660A (en) * 1978-12-26 1981-01-27 Queen's University At Kingston Artificial ligament
US4255820A (en) * 1979-07-24 1981-03-17 Rothermel Joel E Artificial ligaments
US4345339A (en) * 1980-06-03 1982-08-24 Sulzer Brothers Limited Biologically implantable member for a tendon and/or ligament
US4455690A (en) * 1980-11-06 1984-06-26 Homsy Charles A Structure for in vivo implanation
US4501029A (en) * 1982-04-22 1985-02-26 Mcminn Derek J W Tendon repair
US4605414A (en) * 1984-06-06 1986-08-12 John Czajka Reconstruction of a cruciate ligament
US5116372A (en) * 1986-05-07 1992-05-26 Laboureau Jacques Philippe Artificial ligament in synthetic materials impregnated and coated with elastic resin and its coating procedure
US4781191A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-11-01 Thompson James S Method for enabling atraumatic passage of a severed tendon through a tendon sheath
US4829992A (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-05-16 Cilladi David R Soft playing orthopedic splint
US5197983A (en) * 1988-04-19 1993-03-30 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Ligament and tendon prosthesis
US5026398A (en) * 1988-07-01 1991-06-25 The Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasion resistant prosthetic device
US5549676A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-08-27 Johnson; Lanny L. Biological replacement ligament
US5514181A (en) * 1993-09-29 1996-05-07 Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc. Absorbable structures for ligament and tendon repair
US5595621A (en) * 1993-09-29 1997-01-21 Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc. Method of making absorbable structures for ligament and tendon repair
US20030176876A1 (en) * 2002-03-11 2003-09-18 Jui-Hsiang Chen Multi-channel bioresorbable nerve regeneration conduit and process for preparing the same
US20150100121A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2015-04-09 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Biomimmetic nanofiber scaffold for soft tissue and soft tissue-to-bone repair, augmentation and replacement
US8172901B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2012-05-08 Allergan, Inc. Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same
US20080300683A1 (en) * 2007-03-20 2008-12-04 Altman Gregory H Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same
US9060854B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2015-06-23 Allergan, Inc. Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same
US20100286775A1 (en) * 2007-10-11 2010-11-11 Tavor [I.T.N] Ltd., Ligament and Tendon Prosthesis
WO2010134943A1 (en) 2009-05-22 2010-11-25 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for ligament and tendon regeneration
US8486143B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2013-07-16 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for ligament and tendon regeneration
US8758437B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2014-06-24 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for ligament and tendon regeneration
US20100298937A1 (en) * 2009-05-22 2010-11-25 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for ligament and tendon regeneration
US9757132B2 (en) 2010-03-24 2017-09-12 Biorez, Inc. Mechanically competent scaffold for rotator cuff and tendon augmentation
US20110238179A1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2011-09-29 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Mechanically Competent Scaffold for Rotator Cuff and Tendon Augmentation
WO2013139955A1 (en) 2012-03-22 2013-09-26 Trb Chemedica International S.A. Method for repair of ligament or tendon
US9649190B2 (en) 2012-03-22 2017-05-16 Trb Chemedica International S.A. Method for repair of ligament or tendon
US9433489B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2016-09-06 Soft Tissue Regeneration, Inc. Absorbable synthetic braided matrix for breast reconstruction and hernia repair
US20170056158A1 (en) * 2015-08-26 2017-03-02 Albert Einstein Healthcare Network Connector for attaching tissue to bone
WO2017165889A2 (en) 2016-03-25 2017-09-28 Biorez, Inc. Complex braided scaffolds for improved tissue regeneration

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DK128050B (en) 1974-02-25 grant
BE782873A1 (en) grant
BE782873A (en) 1972-10-30 grant
NL7205431A (en) 1972-11-01 application
GB1317417A (en) 1973-05-16 application
DE2221112A1 (en) 1972-11-16 application
CA937702A1 (en) grant
CA937702A (en) 1973-12-04 grant
FR2135825A5 (en) 1972-12-22 application

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