Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Led slidebase switchboard lamp

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3795830A
US3795830A US3795830DA US3795830A US 3795830 A US3795830 A US 3795830A US 3795830D A US3795830D A US 3795830DA US 3795830 A US3795830 A US 3795830A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
lamp
slidebase
diode
terminals
sheath
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
J Richardson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CMC TELECOM Corp
SHELTON J
Original Assignee
SHELTON J
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
    • G08B5/36Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission using visible light sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2111/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems for signalling, marking or indicating, not provided for in code F21W2101/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/80Light emitting diode

Abstract

A light-emitting diode slidebase switchboard lamp having an LED at one end of an elongated sheath and a rigid, non-conducting base at the other. A resistor and a rectifier positioned in the sheath in axial alignment, each connected to the LED and to terminals positioned along the outside of the sheath. The terminals are cemented to the sheath and have end portions embedded in the base.

Description

United States Patent 1 I Richardson 1 LED SLIDEBASE SWITCHBOARD LAMP [75] Inventor: John L. Richardson, Cern'tos, Calif.

[73] Assignees: Jim C. Garrett, Long Beach; Robert H. Johnson, Marine Del Ray; Jack Shelton, Long Beach, all of, Calif. part interest to each [22] Filed: Aug. 17, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 281,402

[51] Int. Cl. H03k 3/42 [58] Field of Search 313/108 D,.312, 324; 315/129, 315/130, 135; 324/133; 307/311 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,534,354 10/1970 3,430,054 2/1969 3,609,475 9/1971 3,696.263 10/1972 Wacher 313/108 D [451 Mar. 5, 1974 3,659,159 4/1972 Nagata 307/311 X 2,956,229 10/1960 Hener 3,697,802 10/1972 Demas 315/135 X OTHER PUBLICATIONS Sunners, Mount for Light Omitting Diode, IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, December 1965, p. 1015 Primary Examiner-Herman Karl Saalbach Assistant Examinen-James B. Mullins Attorney, Agent, or FirmAlbert L. Gabriel [57] ABSTRACT A light-emitting diode slidebase switchboard lamp having an LED at one end of an elongated sheath and a rigid, non-conducting base at the other. A resistor and a rectifier positioned in the sheath in axial alignment, each connected to the LED and to terminals positioned along the outside of the sheath. The terminals are cemented to the sheath and have end portions embedded in the base.

10 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDHAR 5W 3.795.830

Dl/HL CHIP LED.

LED SLIDEBASE SWITCHBOARD LAMP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION .subscriber complains to the operator that his phone is not being connected on outgoing calls or if the operator cannot determine whose line is buzzing."

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the instant invention to provide a slidebase lamp utilizing a light-emitting diode in appropriate circuitry and encapsilated in a compact, nonbreakable assembly.

Another object is to provide a device with an extremely long life which is compatible with existing switchboard panel units without any modifications thereto.

Still a further object is to provide slidebase lamps wherein the necessary resistances, polarity diodes and light elements are all housed in the area allocated to the lamp alone in prior art devices.

The lamp of the instant invention includes a slidebase portion with a pair of terminals molded therein. The terminals are secured to a sheath in which is houseda resistor and a diode or full wave rectifier. The resistor and diode are each connected to the terminals and to a light-emitting diode (LED) which is encapsilated in an appropriately colored lens material.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description and accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. I is a side elevational view of the slidebase switchboard lamp of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view through the slidebase lamp of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram of the slidebase switchboard lamp in accordance with FIGS. 1-3;

FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram of a modified circuit for the slidebase switchboard lamp; and

FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram of another modified circuit utilizing a dual chip LED.

- in accordance with the invention includes a rigid conventional plastic slidebase 1 formed by injection molding and having a central recess 2 therein. The structure i of a pointed end 2 and symmetrical sides is consistent with the existing receptables, and the unit is adapted to cooperate in existing lamp receptacles and lamp jack panels. At the opposite end of the device is a semiconductor light-emitting diode (LED) 5 surrounded by a colored glass or plastic material forming a lens of a selected color. The LED has a base 7 and a pair of conductors 9 and 11. Such diodes are commercially available, and two types of colored dome LEDs are shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,596,136 and 3,609,475.

The base of the LED 7 is bonded to an end of a cylindrical plastic sheath or housing 13. Attached to the sheath 13 are a pair of contact terminals 15 and 17. The terminals have wing-shaped extension members 15' and 17' respectively and are secured by appropriate cement or adhesive material to the outside of the cylindrical sheath. The terminals 15 and 17 also have centrally extending end portions 19 and 21 respectively molded in the base 1. A load resistance 23 has one conductor 25 soldered to LED 9 and another conductor 27 soldered to portion 19. A diode 29 has a conductor 31 soldered to conductor 11 of the LED and a conductor 33 soldered to portion 21.

The resistance 23 is preferably in the order of a 1,200 ohm, 3-watt resistor. Alternatively, it can be two resistors to provide better heat dissipation. Also, it is possible that a resistance in the form of a substrate semiconductor or the like can be used to provide the proper voltage drop and heat distribution. A combination of any of the above can also be used.

It will be appreciated that the diode 29 and resistor 23 are positioned axially relative to one another so that the diode is not adversely affected by the heat from the resistor. Also, with the resistor 23 positioned adjacent terminal 15 and in view of its proximity to terminal 17, a certain amount of heat dissipation will be achieved. It is also possible to achieve the greatest utilization of space by axially positioning the diode and resistor within the sheath 13 in the manner illustrated in FIG.

, FIG. 4 illustrates the circuit of the structure seen in FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 illustrates another preferred embodiment using a full wave rectifier 35 in place of the single diode 29. Rectifier 35 will provide a non-polar type of device which can be used in place of the current glass. vacuum lamp. The rectifier with its diode elements, either individually or in integrated circuit form, are positioned in the sheath in place of diode 29.

It has been found that the instant slidebase lamp can have a projected useful life of 25 to 50 years; whereas the prior art glass vacuum variety has a useful life of only about 1,000 hours. The value of this vast time differential will be appreciated when one considers the cost of locating a glass vacuum lamp failure in a switchboard. With the instant type of device, the LED lamp may well outlast the switchboard in which it is used.

In operation, the end portions 19 and 21 of terminals 15 and 17 are molded into the base 1, and the LED conductors 9 and 11 are soldered to the conductors 25 and 31 of resistor 23 and diode 29, respectively. The sheath 13 is then slipped over the resistor and diode and bonded to the base 7 of LED 5. The sheath is inserted between the terminals 15 and 17, and conductors 27 and 33 are soldered to end portions 19 and 21 respectively. The entire device can then be inserted in the female receptacle of a switchboard indicator assembly in place of the currently used vacuum type light.

FIG. 6 illustrates an embodiment utilizing a dual chip LED 5 having pair of diode chips therein arranged parallel and in opposite polarity. Therefore, the device becomes nonpolar and can be used with either DC or AC. As is know in the art, the normal conducting mode for such devices involves a 1 /2 volt maximum voltage drop, whereby each chip in its conducting mode protects the other chip in its nonconducting mode. It will be appreciated that the two chips can both be of the same color or they may be of different colors to indicate polarity.

While one embodiment of the invention has been described, it will be understood that it is capable of many further modifications and this application is intended to cover any variations, uses or adaptions of the invention following in generahthe principles of the invention and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within knowledge or customary practice in the art to which the invention pertains, and as may be applied to the essential features hereinbefore set forth and fall within the scope of the invention or the limits of the appended claims.

What is claimed is: V

l. A slidebase lamp comprising;

a. an elongated housing;

b. a light-emitting semiconductor element on one end of said housing, c. a pair of elongated terminals outside of and substantially coaxial with said housing;

d. a resistor in said housing,

e. a rectifier in said housing,

f. said resistor, said rectifier, said element and said terminals being connected in series, and

g. said resistor and said rectifier being positioned substantially axially relative to each other in said housmg.

2. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said rectifier is a single diode.

3. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said rectifier is a full-wave rectifier.

4. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said element is a light-emitting diode.

5. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 including a rigid base positioned at one end of said housing and said element being positioned at the other end of said housing.

6. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 5 wherein said terminals are connected to said base.

7. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim] wherein said housing is an elongated sheath.

8. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 including a base positioned at one end of said sheath, and said element in the form of a light-emitting diode positioned at the other end thereof.

9. A slidebase lamp asdefined in claim 1 wherein said resistor is positioned closely adjacent at least one of said terminals.

10. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said light-emitting element is encapsulated in a colored nonconducting material.

Claims (10)

1. A slidebase lamp comprising; a. an elongated housing; b. a light-emitting semiconductor element on one end of said housing, c. a pair of elongated terminals outside of and substantially coaxial with said housing; d. a resistor in said housing, e. a rectifier in said housing, f. said resistor, said rectifier, said element and said terminals being connected in series, and g. said resistor and said rectifier being positioned substantially axially relative to each other in said housing.
2. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said rectifier is a single diode.
3. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said rectifier is a full-wave rectifier.
4. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said element is a light-emitting diode.
5. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 including a rigid base positioned at one end of said housing and said element being positioned at the other end of said housing.
6. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 5 wherein said terminals are connected to said base.
7. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said housing is an elongated sheath.
8. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 including a base positioned at one end of said sheath, and said element in the form of a light-emitting diode positioned at the other end thereof.
9. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said resistor is positioned closely adjacent at least one of said terminals.
10. A slidebase lamp as defined in claim 1 wherein said light-emitting element is encapsulated in a colored nonconducting material.
US3795830A 1972-08-17 1972-08-17 Led slidebase switchboard lamp Expired - Lifetime US3795830A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US28140272 true 1972-08-17 1972-08-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3795830A true US3795830A (en) 1974-03-05

Family

ID=23077144

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3795830A Expired - Lifetime US3795830A (en) 1972-08-17 1972-08-17 Led slidebase switchboard lamp

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3795830A (en)

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2648979A1 (en) * 1975-10-31 1977-05-12 Western Electric Co Emitting reproducing apparatus
US4035630A (en) * 1975-06-26 1977-07-12 Burke John G Article of jewelry
DE2613647A1 (en) * 1976-03-31 1977-10-06 Licentia Gmbh circuitry
US4211955A (en) * 1978-03-02 1980-07-08 Ray Stephen W Solid state lamp
US4346329A (en) * 1979-08-27 1982-08-24 Schmidt Robert C H Aiming post light
US4386818A (en) * 1981-04-27 1983-06-07 Amp Incorporated Polarity indicating connector for battery jumper cables
US4514724A (en) * 1982-09-28 1985-04-30 Paul W. Garbo Electrical warning system for malfunctions in refrigeration
WO1985005432A1 (en) * 1984-05-16 1985-12-05 The Commonwealth Of Australia Care Of The Secretar A low-light miniature flash light
WO1986006191A1 (en) * 1985-04-11 1986-10-23 Valentine Walter J Electrical warning system for malfunctions in refrigeration
US4939426A (en) * 1987-03-19 1990-07-03 United States Of America Light emitting diode array
US5150510A (en) * 1983-08-15 1992-09-29 Mpc Containment Systems, Ltd. Method of manufacturing large scale membranes for covering extremely large areas
US5463280A (en) * 1994-03-03 1995-10-31 National Service Industries, Inc. Light emitting diode retrofit lamp
US5575459A (en) * 1995-04-27 1996-11-19 Uniglo Canada Inc. Light emitting diode lamp
US5726535A (en) * 1996-04-10 1998-03-10 Yan; Ellis LED retrolift lamp for exit signs
US5897194A (en) * 1996-05-14 1999-04-27 Ham; Byung Il Sign with remote power source tester
US20030080679A1 (en) * 1998-05-18 2003-05-01 Ikuko Ishii Device package and device encapsulation method
US6580228B1 (en) 2000-08-22 2003-06-17 Light Sciences Corporation Flexible substrate mounted solid-state light sources for use in line current lamp sockets
US6709126B1 (en) 2002-11-22 2004-03-23 Monte A. Leen LED nightlight
US20050057187A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-03-17 Technology Assessment Group Inc. Universal light emitting illumination device and method
US20060002148A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-05 Heu-Gon Kim Optical member, backlight assembly having the optical member and display apparatus having the backlight assembly
US20060139929A1 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-06-29 Robert Gordon Industries, Ltd. Flashing pen stand operatable based upon user interaction
US20070002570A1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2007-01-04 Michael Souza Nightlight, led power supply circuit, and combination thereof
US7296913B2 (en) 2004-07-16 2007-11-20 Technology Assessment Group Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US7300173B2 (en) 2004-04-08 2007-11-27 Technology Assessment Group, Inc. Replacement illumination device for a miniature flashlight bulb
US20080130288A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2008-06-05 Anthony Catalano Light Emitting Diode Replacement Lamp
US20100027085A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Anthony Catalano Adjustable Beam Portable Light
US8632215B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-01-21 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8702275B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-04-22 Terralux, Inc. Light-emitting diode replacement lamp
US8746930B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-06-10 Terralux, Inc. Methods of forming direct and decorative illumination

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2956229A (en) * 1959-04-27 1960-10-11 James L Henel Voltage and polarity tester
US3430054A (en) * 1965-01-15 1969-02-25 Siemens Ag Apparatus for modulating direct voltages and currents
US3534354A (en) * 1966-07-01 1970-10-13 Gen Electric Discharge indicator for rechargeable batteries
US3609475A (en) * 1970-05-04 1971-09-28 Hewlett Packard Co Light-emitting diode package with dual-colored plastic encapsulation
US3659159A (en) * 1966-10-31 1972-04-25 Minoru Nagata Optoelectronic display panel
US3696263A (en) * 1970-05-25 1972-10-03 Gen Telephone & Elect Solid state light source with optical filter containing metal derivatives of tetraphenylporphin
US3697802A (en) * 1970-10-12 1972-10-10 Wagner Electric Corp Two-terminal, two-color indicator lamp assembly

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2956229A (en) * 1959-04-27 1960-10-11 James L Henel Voltage and polarity tester
US3430054A (en) * 1965-01-15 1969-02-25 Siemens Ag Apparatus for modulating direct voltages and currents
US3534354A (en) * 1966-07-01 1970-10-13 Gen Electric Discharge indicator for rechargeable batteries
US3659159A (en) * 1966-10-31 1972-04-25 Minoru Nagata Optoelectronic display panel
US3609475A (en) * 1970-05-04 1971-09-28 Hewlett Packard Co Light-emitting diode package with dual-colored plastic encapsulation
US3696263A (en) * 1970-05-25 1972-10-03 Gen Telephone & Elect Solid state light source with optical filter containing metal derivatives of tetraphenylporphin
US3697802A (en) * 1970-10-12 1972-10-10 Wagner Electric Corp Two-terminal, two-color indicator lamp assembly

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Sunners, Mount for Light Omitting Diode , IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, December 1965, p. 1015 *

Cited By (56)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4035630A (en) * 1975-06-26 1977-07-12 Burke John G Article of jewelry
US4054814A (en) * 1975-10-31 1977-10-18 Western Electric Company, Inc. Electroluminescent display and method of making
DE2648979A1 (en) * 1975-10-31 1977-05-12 Western Electric Co Emitting reproducing apparatus
DE2613647A1 (en) * 1976-03-31 1977-10-06 Licentia Gmbh circuitry
US4211955A (en) * 1978-03-02 1980-07-08 Ray Stephen W Solid state lamp
US4346329A (en) * 1979-08-27 1982-08-24 Schmidt Robert C H Aiming post light
US4386818A (en) * 1981-04-27 1983-06-07 Amp Incorporated Polarity indicating connector for battery jumper cables
US4514724A (en) * 1982-09-28 1985-04-30 Paul W. Garbo Electrical warning system for malfunctions in refrigeration
US5150510A (en) * 1983-08-15 1992-09-29 Mpc Containment Systems, Ltd. Method of manufacturing large scale membranes for covering extremely large areas
WO1985005432A1 (en) * 1984-05-16 1985-12-05 The Commonwealth Of Australia Care Of The Secretar A low-light miniature flash light
WO1986006191A1 (en) * 1985-04-11 1986-10-23 Valentine Walter J Electrical warning system for malfunctions in refrigeration
US4939426A (en) * 1987-03-19 1990-07-03 United States Of America Light emitting diode array
US5463280A (en) * 1994-03-03 1995-10-31 National Service Industries, Inc. Light emitting diode retrofit lamp
US5575459A (en) * 1995-04-27 1996-11-19 Uniglo Canada Inc. Light emitting diode lamp
US5726535A (en) * 1996-04-10 1998-03-10 Yan; Ellis LED retrolift lamp for exit signs
US5897194A (en) * 1996-05-14 1999-04-27 Ham; Byung Il Sign with remote power source tester
US20030080679A1 (en) * 1998-05-18 2003-05-01 Ikuko Ishii Device package and device encapsulation method
US6828728B2 (en) * 1998-05-18 2004-12-07 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Device package with hermetically sealed cap
US6580228B1 (en) 2000-08-22 2003-06-17 Light Sciences Corporation Flexible substrate mounted solid-state light sources for use in line current lamp sockets
US7481570B2 (en) * 2002-07-02 2009-01-27 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Nightlight, LED power supply circuit, and combination thereof
US20070002570A1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2007-01-04 Michael Souza Nightlight, led power supply circuit, and combination thereof
US6709126B1 (en) 2002-11-22 2004-03-23 Monte A. Leen LED nightlight
US7777430B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2010-08-17 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US9103511B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2015-08-11 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US9057489B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2015-06-16 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US9049768B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2015-06-02 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US7318661B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2008-01-15 Anthony Catalano Universal light emitting illumination device and method
US8823290B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2014-09-02 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US20080130288A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2008-06-05 Anthony Catalano Light Emitting Diode Replacement Lamp
US9622316B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2017-04-11 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US20050057187A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-03-17 Technology Assessment Group Inc. Universal light emitting illumination device and method
US8529088B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2013-09-10 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US8400081B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2013-03-19 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8328386B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2012-12-11 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US8328385B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2012-12-11 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US20100320499A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2010-12-23 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8240873B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2012-08-14 Terralux, Inc. Universal light emitting diode illumination device and method
US8746930B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-06-10 Terralux, Inc. Methods of forming direct and decorative illumination
US9429280B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2016-08-30 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US7946730B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2011-05-24 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8702275B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-04-22 Terralux, Inc. Light-emitting diode replacement lamp
US20080024070A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2008-01-31 Anthony Catalano Light Emitting Diode Replacement Lamp
US20090309501A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2009-12-17 Anthony Catalano Light Emitting Diode Replacement Lamp
US7597456B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2009-10-06 Technology Assessment Group Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8632215B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2014-01-21 Terralux, Inc. Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US8033682B2 (en) 2004-04-08 2011-10-11 Terralux, Inc. Replacement illumination device for an incandescent lamp
US7300173B2 (en) 2004-04-08 2007-11-27 Technology Assessment Group, Inc. Replacement illumination device for a miniature flashlight bulb
US20090034262A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2009-02-05 Anthony Catalano Replacement Illumination Device for a Miniature Flashlight Bulb
US7448770B2 (en) 2004-04-08 2008-11-11 Technology Assessment Group, Inc. Replacement illumination device for a miniature flashlight bulb
US20100165611A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2010-07-01 Anthony Catalano Replacement Illumination Device for a Miniature Flashlight Bulb
US7699494B2 (en) 2004-04-08 2010-04-20 Terralux, Inc. Replacement illumination device for a miniature flashlight bulb
US20060002148A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-05 Heu-Gon Kim Optical member, backlight assembly having the optical member and display apparatus having the backlight assembly
US7296913B2 (en) 2004-07-16 2007-11-20 Technology Assessment Group Light emitting diode replacement lamp
US20060139929A1 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-06-29 Robert Gordon Industries, Ltd. Flashing pen stand operatable based upon user interaction
US20100027085A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Anthony Catalano Adjustable Beam Portable Light
US8297796B2 (en) 2008-08-01 2012-10-30 Terralux, Inc. Adjustable beam portable light

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3521050A (en) Rechargeable flashlight
US3345482A (en) Electric shunt device
US4675575A (en) Light-emitting diode assemblies and systems therefore
US4450461A (en) Low cost high isolation voltage optocoupler with improved light transmissivity
US7553162B2 (en) Socket for electronic component
US5947588A (en) Light fixture with an LED light bulb having a conventional connection post
US5152602A (en) Electric candle
US6828590B2 (en) Light emitting diode module device
US3880493A (en) Capacitor socket for a dual-in-line package
US4480211A (en) Flash lamp and circuitry for use with an incandescent light
US3784725A (en) Electronic hybrid package
US20040206970A1 (en) Alternating current light emitting device
US4028828A (en) Lighting display system
US3869641A (en) AC Responsive led pilot light circuitry
US3219008A (en) Electroluminescent instrument lighting
US6346777B1 (en) Led lamp apparatus
US4688874A (en) Arrangement in electric discharge lamps
US20030194906A1 (en) Lighted accessory connector
US5554049A (en) Inline indicating interconnect
US3938177A (en) Narrow lead contact for automatic face down bonding of electronic chips
US4358708A (en) Light emitting diode assembly
US5015944A (en) Current indicating device
US4157486A (en) Electroluminescent display and circuit protective device and method of making
JP2001338505A (en) Lighting device
US20070117450A1 (en) Novel jack form LED lamp package and caddy

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: CMC TELECOM CORPORATION, LOS ANGELES, CA., A CORP.

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:COMMUNICATION MFG. COMPANY, A CORP. OF CA.;REEL/FRAME:004528/0480

Effective date: 19860205