US3793750A - Athletic shoe for artificial turf - Google Patents

Athletic shoe for artificial turf Download PDF

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Publication number
US3793750A
US3793750A US3793750DA US3793750A US 3793750 A US3793750 A US 3793750A US 3793750D A US3793750D A US 3793750DA US 3793750 A US3793750 A US 3793750A
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Prior art keywords
layer
shoe
studs
sole
outer
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W Bowerman
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Nike Inc
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Brs Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B1/00Footwear characterised by the material
    • A43B1/02Footwear made of animal or plant fibres or fabrics made therefrom
    • A43B1/04Braided, knotted, knitted, or crocheted footwear
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/22Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
    • A43B13/223Profiled soles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/06Running boots

Abstract

An athletic shoe suitable for use on artificial turf is described including an improved upper of a porous multiple layer construction and an improved sole having integral polygon shaped studs. The upper is preferably made of nylon tricot fabric outer layer, a polyurethane foam middle layer, and a porous synthetic fabric inner layer. This greatly reduces the weight of a football shoe made in accordance with the invention so that it is approximately one-half the weight of a conventional leather football shoe as well as providing great comfort and enabling use in wet weather without damage. The sole has short multi-sided polygon shaped studs of square, rectangular or triangle cross section, having a plurality of flat sides which provide gripping edges that give greatly improved traction.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Bowerman [4 1 Feb. 26, 1974 ATHLETIC SHOE FOR ARTIFICIAL TURF [75] Inventor: William J. Bowerman, Eugene,

Oreg.

[73] Assignee: BRS, lnc., Tigard, Oreg.

[22] Filed: Aug. 30, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 284,736

[52] U.S. Cl 36/59 C Int. Cl A43b 23/28 [58] Field of Search ..36/9 R, 59 R, 59 C, 32 R, 36/2.5 R, 2.5 AG

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,853,809 9/1958 Bianchi 36/59 C 1,985,578 12/1934 Murray 36/32 R 3,264,761 8/1966 Johnson 36/9 R D77,025 11/1928 Oakley 36/59 C 2,580,840 1/1952 Rogndal 36/59 C 3,043,025 7/1962 Semon .1 36/59 C 3,016,631 l/l962 Servin 36/9 R Primary Examiner-Patrick D. Lawson Attorney, Agent, or Firml larquist, Campbell, Leigh, Hall & Whinston Sparkman,

[ 5 7] ABSTRACT An athletic shoe suitable for use on artificial turf is described including an improved upper of a porous multiple layer construction and an improved sole having integral polygon shaped studs. The upper is preferably made of nylon tricot fabric outer layer, a polyurethane foam middle layer, and a porous synthetic fabric inner layer. This greatly reduces the weight of a football shoe made in accordance with the invention so that it is approximately one-half the weight of a conventional leather football shoe as well as providing great comfort and enabling use in wet weather without damage. The sole has short multi-sided polygon shaped studs of square, rectangular or triangle cross section, having a plurality of flat sides which provide gripping edges that give greatly improved traction.

14 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures ATHLETIC SHOE FOR ARTIFICIAL TURF BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to athletic shoes suitable for use in games requiring a rapid change in direction such as those played on artificial turf surfaces, and in particular, to a football shoe which is light weight, water resistant, and gives good traction. The term football as used herein includes not only American style football, but also European style football or soccer. However, the present shoe may be employed by players of any game on artificial turf and is particularly useful in games which require that the players stop, start and change direction rapidly. For example, this shoe can also be employed by lacrosse players and field hockey players.

Previous football shoes used on artificial turf do not provide good traction because they are made with circular or conical cleats or are provided with pointed cleats of other shape. It has been found that greatly superior traction can be achieved by employing a multisided polygon shaped cleat having a plurality of straight sides which form edges that bite into the artificial turf. Furthermore, by arranging the studs in staggered rows with adjacent studs in each row spaced apart by a distance at least as great as the width of such studs, the heat conducted from the artificial turf is reduced as well as improving traction. Thus, cylindrical polygon shaped studs of square cross section and relatively short height having a substantially flat bottom gave greatly superior results when tested by football players on artificial turf under game conditions.

Conventional football shoes have been made of a leather or vinyl plastic construction, both of which have disadvantages. Thus, the leather shoes are quite heavy and weigh between 14 and 16 ounces, as compared with the shoe of the present invention which weighs about 8 or 9 ounces. Vinyl football shoes are not much lighter in weight than leather shoes and have the additional disadvantage that the vinyl does not breathe or transmit sufficient air to allow good circulation which results in hot, sweaty feet.

The football shoe of the present invention overcomes these disadvantages by employing a multi-layer sandwich construction for the upper shoe portion, including an outer layer of porous nylon fabric such as nylon tricot, an intermediate layer of plastic foam such as polyurethane foam, and an inner layer of a porous synthetic fabric backing. A similar upper material has been used previously for track shoes in US. Pat. No. 3,583,081 of H. Hayashi, granted June 8, 1971, because it breathes almost as well as leather, and is much lighter in weight. In addition such upper material is very strong and is more water resistant than leather or vinyl in that the new upper material does not wrinkle, stiffen or crack upon drying after use in the rain. Furthermore, the shoe is extremely comfortable to wear because of the polyurethane foam middle layer which has an extremely soft feeling on the foot.

It is, therefore, one object of the present invention to provide an improved athletic shoe for use on artificial turf.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved athletic shoe which is strong and light weight, as well as comfortable and resistant to water damage.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a football shoe in which the upper shoe portion is made of a multi-layer sandwich construction including a porous nylon outer layer, a plastic foam intermediate layer, and a porous synthetic inner layer.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a football shoe in which integral polygon shaped studs are employed to provide good traction on artificial turf.

A still further object of the invention is to provide such a football shoe in which the studs are of a square shape and are arranged in staggered rows so that adjacent studs in each row are spaced apart by a distance at least as great as the width of the studs to reduce the heat conducted from the artificial turf.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of certain preferred embodiments thereof and from the attached drawings of which:

FIG. 1 is an elevation view of one side of a football shoe made in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an elevation view of the sole of the shoe of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a vertical section view taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1 showing the multi-layer sandwich construction of the upper shoe portion on an enlarged scale.

FIG. 4 is a vertical section view taken along the line 4-4 of FIG. 1 showing the improved sole construction on an enlarged scale.

FIG. 5 is an elevation view of a portion of the sole of another embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 6 is an elevation view of a portion of the sole of a third embodiment of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a football shoe made in accordance with the present invention includes an upper shoe portion 10 of porous multi-layer sandwich construction which is bonded to the upper surface of an intermediate sole member 12 of suitable resilient material such as synthetic rubber whose lower surface is bonded to an outer sole layer 14 of a harder rubber or other synthetic material. The bottom surface of the outer sole layer 14 is provided with a plurality of studs 16 which are arranged in staggered rows and are formed integrally with, and project downward from, the remainder of the bottom surface of the outer sole layer provided by a support sheet 18 of the same resilient material. Thus, the support sheet 18 and studs 16 may be molded from a single piece of rubber in a conventional manner.

The studs 16 are of a cylindrical polygon shape having a plurality of straight substantially parallel sides 20 which are joined together and with a substantially flat top portion 22 to form a plurality of relatively sharp edges which bite into the artificial turf and give good traction. In the preferred embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the studs 16 are of a square cross section taken substantially parallel to the bottom of the sole. The studs 16 project downward a distance approximately equal to the width of the support sheet 18 which may be approximately 1/16 inch. The square studs 16 have a width X of approximately 9/32 of an inch and adjacent studs in the same row are spaced a distance Y of about 11/16 inch. The studs are spaced diagonally a distance Z of about 9/32 inch from the studs in the next row.

As shown in FIG. 4, the upper sole portion 10 is bonded between the sole member 12 and an insole member 24 of sponge rubber having an outer layer 26 of leather bonded to the top of such insole by a suitable cement. The rough side of the leather layer 26 is positioned on top to reduce slippage of the foot within the shoe. The upper shoe portion 10 is made of multiple layer fabric about 1/32 inch thick, shown in greater detail in FIG. 3. Thus, the upper material 10 includes an outer layer 28 of porous nylon fabric, such as nylon tricot, and an inner layer 30 of any porous synthetic fabric such as nylon, rayon or acetate. An intermediate layer 32 of expanded plastic foam, such as polyurethane foam or polystyrene foam is bonded between the outer fabric layer 28 and the inner fabric layer 30. While the thickness of the intermediate foam layer 32 may vary, it is preferably at least twice as thick as the outer fabric layer. It has been found that this multiple layer upper material provides an excellent football shoe for use on synthetic turf under dry or wet weather conditions. Thus, the porous upper material 10 breathes to give good ventilation for the feet during hot conditions and also enables the shoe to dry out quickly after use under wet conditions. It is possible that a fourth synthetic layer 33 may be provided for reinforcement on the exposed surface of the inner layer 30 in regions adjacent the toe of the shoe and other points of greatest wear. However, the total weight of the shoe is only about 8 or 9 ounces compared to conventional football shoes made of leather which weigh from 14 to 16 ounces.

Other cylindrical polygon shapes can be employed for the studs such as the triangular studs 16 shown in FIG. 5 or the rectangular studs 16" shown in FIG. 6. These studs are similar to the square studs 16 of FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, but have a different cross sectional shape. Thus, the studs 16 have an equilateral triangle cross section substantially parallel to the sole while studs 16" have a rectangular cross section. The same general size and spacing distances are employed. Thus, the spacing between adjacent studs 16' or 16" in the same row is at least as great as the width of the cleats and in the preferred embodiment is twice such width. This greater spacing between studs provides greater traction and greater comfort. One reason for this is believed to be the greater amount of air between the sole of the shoe and the playing surface of the artificial turf which reduces the amount of heat conducted from the turf through the studs to the foot of the wearer. This is extremely important when playing on artificial turf due to the very high temperature that such turf reaches on bright sunny days where turf temperatures have been known to exceed 100 Fahrenheit.

It will be obvious to those having ordinary skill in the art that many changes may be made in the details of the above-described preferred embodiment of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the invention. Therefore, the scope of the present invention should only be determined by the following claims.

I claim:

1. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comprises:

a shoe upper;

an outer sole of resilient material including a bottom surface having a plurality of studs formed integral with the remainder of said bottom surface and projecting downward from the bottom surface of said sole, said studs being of a multi-sided polygon shape with a plurality of straight sides and having a projection height less than its width, and said studs forming the entire ground contacting surface of said shoe; and

an intermediate sole of resilient material of lower hardness than that of said outer sole provided between said shoe upper and said outer sole.

2. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which the studs are square shaped in cross section.

3. A shoe in accordance with claim 2 in which the studs provided in staggered rows and adjacent studs in each row are spaced apart by a distance at least as great as the width of the studs.

4. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which the studs are all of the same size and shape, and are uniformly distributed over the entire bottom of the shoe.

5. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which a shoe upper portion of multiple layer construction including an outer layer of porous synthetic fabric, an intermediate layer of foamed plastic, and an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric.

6. A shoe made in accordance with claim 5 in which the outer layer is made of nylon tricot fabric.

7. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comprises:

a shoe upper portion of multiple layer construction including an outer layer of porous nylon fabric, an intermediate layer of porous resilient foam material through which air can pass, and an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric; and

a sole attached to said shoe upper and including a plurality of polygon shaped studs projecting downward from the bottom surface of said sole.

8. A shoe in accordance with claim 7 in which the intermediate layer is made of polyurethane foam and the inner layer is made of nylon fabric.

9. A shoe in accordance with claim 7 in which the sole includes an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of square shaped studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer.

10. A shoe in accordance with claim 9 in which the sole includes an intermediate sole layer of resilient material different from that of said outer sole layer and of a greater thickness than said outer sole layer, said intermediate sole layer being provided between the shoe upper and the outer sole layer, and said outer sole layer being of greater hardness than said intermediate sole layer.

11. A football shoe in which the improvement comprises:

a shoe upper;

a sole including an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of studs formed integral with the bottom surface of said outer sole layer and projecting downward from a support portion, said studs being of a multi-sided polygon shape, and an intermediate sole layer of resilient material of lower hardness than said outer sole layer provided between said shoe upper and said outer sole layer, and said studs being adapted to grip artificial turf with high traction.

6 12. A football shoe in accordance with claim 11 in 14. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comwhich the studs are square shaped in cross section and prises: are uniformly distributed over the bottom of the shoe. 3 h upper ti of multiple layer construction Ah athletic Shoe in Which the improvement including an outer layer of porous synthetic fabric, Prlsesi 5 an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric and an ina Shoe upper; terrnediate layer of porouse resilient foam material a sole attached to sand shoe upper, including an outer through which air can pass between Said inner and sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of multi-sided polygon-shaped studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer; and

an intermediate sole layer of resilient material different from that of said outer sole layer provided between said Shoe upper and Said outer sole layer and an intermedlate sole layer of reslllent material said outer sole layer being of greater hardness than 15 dlffereht from that of Said outer sole layer Provlded said intermediate sole layer and being of less thickbetween Said Shoe pp and Sald outer sole y ness than said intermediate sole layer at least for Said outer sole layer being of a greater hardness those portions of the outer sole layer between said than said intermediate sole layer.

studs.

outer layers; and

a sole attached to said shoe upper including an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer,

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No; 3,7 ,7 I February 2 6, 1974 I WILLIAM J. BOWERMAN 7 It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 4, line 22, Claimfi, before "a-shoe" insert --the sole is attached to---.

Signed and sealed thia- 18th day or June 19-72;.

Atte'st:

EDWARD H.FLETCHEII,JR. c. MARSHALL DANN Atteating Officer Cormnisaioner of Patents

Claims (13)

  1. 2. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which the studs are square shaped in cross section.
  2. 3. A shoe in accordance with claim 2 in which the studs provided in staggered rows and adjacent studs in each row are spaced apart by a distance at least as great as the width of the studs.
  3. 4. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which the studs are all of the same size and shape, and are uniformly distributed over the entire bottom of the shoe.
  4. 5. A shoe in accordance with claim 1 in which a shoe upper portion of multiple layer construction including an outer layer of porous synthetic fabric, an intermediate layer of foamed plastic, and an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric.
  5. 6. A shoe made in accordance with claim 5 in which the outer layer is made of nylon tricot fabric.
  6. 7. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comprises: a shoe upper portion of multiple layer construction including an outer layer of porous nylon fabric, an intermediate layer of porous resilient foam material through which air can pass, and an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric; and a sole attached to said shoe upper and including a plurality of polygon shaped studs projecting downward from the bottom surface of said sole.
  7. 8. A shoe in accordance with claim 7 in which the intermediate layer is made of polyurethane foam and the inner layer is made of nylon fabric.
  8. 9. A shoe in accordance with claim 7 in which the sole includes an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of square shaped studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer.
  9. 10. A shoe in accordance with claim 9 in which the sole includes an intermediate sole layer of resilient material different from that of said outer sole layer and of a greater thickness than said outer sole layer, said intermediate sole layer being provided between the shoe upper and the outer sole layer, and said outer sole layer being of greater hardness than said intermediate sole layer.
  10. 11. A football shoe in which the improvement comprises: a shoe upper; a sole including an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of studs formed integral with the bottom surface of said outer sole layer and projecting downward from a support portion, said studs being of a multi-sided polygon shape, and an intermediate sole layer of resilient material of lower hardness than said outer sole layer provided between said shoe upper and said outer sole layer, and said studs being adapted to grip artificial turf with high traction.
  11. 12. A football shoe in accordance with claim 11 in which the studs are square shaped in cross section and are uniformly distributed over the bottom of the shoe.
  12. 13. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comprises: a shoe upper; a sole attached to said shoe upper, including an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of multi-sided polygon-shaped studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer; and an intermediate sole layer of resilient material different from that of said outer sole layer provided between said shoe upper and said outer sole layer, said outer sole layer being of greater hardness than said intermediate sole layer and being of less thickness than said intermediate sole layer at least for those portions of the outer sole layer between said studs.
  13. 14. An athletic shoe in which the improvement comprises: a shoe upper portion of multiple layer construction including an outer layer of porous synthetic fabric, an inner layer of porous synthetic fabric and an intermediate layer of porouse resilient foam material through which air can pass between said inner and outer layers; and a sole attached to said shoe upper including an outer sole layer of resilient material having a plurality of studs formed integral with and projecting downward from the remainder of said outer sole layer, and an intermediate sole layer of resilient material different from that of said outer sole layer provided between said shoe upper and said outer sole layer, said outer sole layer being of a greater hardness than said intermediate sole layer.
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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2290858A1 (en) * 1974-11-14 1976-06-11 Tractioneers trainer
US4043058A (en) * 1976-05-21 1977-08-23 Brs, Inc. Athletic training shoe having foam core and apertured sole layers
US4085527A (en) * 1977-02-01 1978-04-25 Riggs Donnie E Athletic shoe
DE2706645A1 (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-08-24 Adolf Dassler Sports shoe with protruding heel sole - has sharply inclined sole tread running up to lower edge of heel upper
US4128950A (en) * 1977-02-07 1978-12-12 Brs, Inc. Multilayered sole athletic shoe with improved foam mid-sole
FR2403037A2 (en) * 1976-07-28 1979-04-13 Jallatte Sa Non-slip sole for shoes - has rectangular protuberances on bottom, along which are sharp ridges
US4194310A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-03-25 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe for artificial turf with molded cleats on the sides thereof
US4245406A (en) * 1979-05-03 1981-01-20 Brookfield Athletic Shoe Company, Inc. Athletic shoe
US4255877A (en) * 1978-09-25 1981-03-17 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe having external heel counter
US4255876A (en) * 1979-05-31 1981-03-17 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe having an upper toe section of stretchable material, external reinforcing strips and improved lacing
DE3021936A1 (en) * 1979-10-15 1981-04-23 Marion F Rudy Shoe with a sole cleats of elastomeric material, in particular sport shoe
FR2475371A1 (en) * 1980-02-07 1981-08-14 Brs Inc Sports insole Angular crampons
US4294024A (en) * 1978-09-27 1981-10-13 Nab Joseph J Sole for logging boot
US4372058A (en) * 1977-11-21 1983-02-08 Stubblefield Jerry D Shoe sole construction
US4438574A (en) * 1982-03-26 1984-03-27 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with two-piece upper forepart section
US4858339A (en) * 1987-01-10 1989-08-22 Nippon Rubber Co., Ltd. Composite rubber sheet material and sports shoe employing the same
US5005299A (en) * 1990-02-12 1991-04-09 Whatley Ian H Shock absorbing outsole for footwear
US5293701A (en) * 1990-03-19 1994-03-15 Sullivan William W Convertible footwear
US5440826A (en) * 1992-04-08 1995-08-15 Whatley; Ian H. Shock absorbing outsole for footwear
US5921004A (en) * 1995-06-07 1999-07-13 Nike, Inc. Footwear with stabilizers
WO2000004802A1 (en) * 1998-07-24 2000-02-03 Footwear Specialties International, Llc Doing Business As Nautilus Footwear Improved slip resistant shoe sole
US6161315A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-12-19 Cutter & Buck Shoe outsole having a stability ridge
US20060021253A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Pasternak Stephen M Footwear outsole including star shapes
US20060048413A1 (en) * 2004-09-03 2006-03-09 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear having an upper with a structured intermediate layer
US20070022627A1 (en) * 2005-07-29 2007-02-01 Nike, Inc. Footwear structure with textile upper member
US20110017373A1 (en) * 2009-07-27 2011-01-27 Gap Jin Lee Anti-Slip Tread Pattern for Shoes
US20110061265A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2011-03-17 Lyden Robert M Custom article of footwear and method of making the same
EP2337467A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2011-06-29 Nike International, Ltd. Shoe with a flat formed shoe upper
US20130025157A1 (en) * 2011-07-27 2013-01-31 Nike, Inc. Upper with Zonal Contouring and Fabrication of Same
US20140283410A1 (en) * 2013-03-22 2014-09-25 Reebok International Limited Molded Footwear Upper And Method Of Making Same
US20140338230A1 (en) * 2011-01-19 2014-11-20 Nike, Inc. Composite Sole Structure
USD719332S1 (en) * 2014-05-31 2014-12-16 Nike, Inc. Shoe sole
USD744212S1 (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-12-01 Reebok International Limited Shoe
USD749310S1 (en) * 2013-12-13 2016-02-16 Reebok International Limited Shoe
US9572404B2 (en) 2009-10-21 2017-02-21 Nike, Inc. Shoe with composite upper and foam element and method of making same
USD797423S1 (en) 2015-10-30 2017-09-19 Reebok International Limited Shoe
USD802899S1 (en) 2015-10-30 2017-11-21 Reebok International Limited Shoe

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US1985578A (en) * 1933-09-15 1934-12-25 Albert L Murray Rubber sole and heel
US2580840A (en) * 1948-10-19 1952-01-01 Rogndal Rikard Lightweight, flexible, resilient, and nonskid sole for footwear
US2853809A (en) * 1957-10-25 1958-09-30 Bianchi Carlo Process for making footwear with elastic material projections and the footwear obtained by the said process
US3016631A (en) * 1960-07-14 1962-01-16 Robert Hosiery Mills Inc Slipper
US3043025A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-07-10 William P Semon Article of manufacture with non-slip suction means
US3264761A (en) * 1965-09-24 1966-08-09 Crown Rubber Company Cloth shoe construction

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1985578A (en) * 1933-09-15 1934-12-25 Albert L Murray Rubber sole and heel
US2580840A (en) * 1948-10-19 1952-01-01 Rogndal Rikard Lightweight, flexible, resilient, and nonskid sole for footwear
US2853809A (en) * 1957-10-25 1958-09-30 Bianchi Carlo Process for making footwear with elastic material projections and the footwear obtained by the said process
US3016631A (en) * 1960-07-14 1962-01-16 Robert Hosiery Mills Inc Slipper
US3043025A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-07-10 William P Semon Article of manufacture with non-slip suction means
US3264761A (en) * 1965-09-24 1966-08-09 Crown Rubber Company Cloth shoe construction

Cited By (58)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2290858A1 (en) * 1974-11-14 1976-06-11 Tractioneers trainer
US4043058A (en) * 1976-05-21 1977-08-23 Brs, Inc. Athletic training shoe having foam core and apertured sole layers
FR2403037A2 (en) * 1976-07-28 1979-04-13 Jallatte Sa Non-slip sole for shoes - has rectangular protuberances on bottom, along which are sharp ridges
DE2706645A1 (en) * 1976-11-29 1978-08-24 Adolf Dassler Sports shoe with protruding heel sole - has sharply inclined sole tread running up to lower edge of heel upper
US4085527A (en) * 1977-02-01 1978-04-25 Riggs Donnie E Athletic shoe
US4128950A (en) * 1977-02-07 1978-12-12 Brs, Inc. Multilayered sole athletic shoe with improved foam mid-sole
US4372058A (en) * 1977-11-21 1983-02-08 Stubblefield Jerry D Shoe sole construction
US4255877A (en) * 1978-09-25 1981-03-17 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe having external heel counter
US4294024A (en) * 1978-09-27 1981-10-13 Nab Joseph J Sole for logging boot
US4194310A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-03-25 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe for artificial turf with molded cleats on the sides thereof
US4245406A (en) * 1979-05-03 1981-01-20 Brookfield Athletic Shoe Company, Inc. Athletic shoe
US4255876A (en) * 1979-05-31 1981-03-17 Brs, Inc. Athletic shoe having an upper toe section of stretchable material, external reinforcing strips and improved lacing
DE3021936A1 (en) * 1979-10-15 1981-04-23 Marion F Rudy Shoe with a sole cleats of elastomeric material, in particular sport shoe
US4378643A (en) * 1980-01-17 1983-04-05 Brs, Inc. Sole with skewed cleating arrangement
FR2475371A1 (en) * 1980-02-07 1981-08-14 Brs Inc Sports insole Angular crampons
US4438574A (en) * 1982-03-26 1984-03-27 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with two-piece upper forepart section
US4858339A (en) * 1987-01-10 1989-08-22 Nippon Rubber Co., Ltd. Composite rubber sheet material and sports shoe employing the same
US5005299A (en) * 1990-02-12 1991-04-09 Whatley Ian H Shock absorbing outsole for footwear
US5293701A (en) * 1990-03-19 1994-03-15 Sullivan William W Convertible footwear
US5440826A (en) * 1992-04-08 1995-08-15 Whatley; Ian H. Shock absorbing outsole for footwear
US5921004A (en) * 1995-06-07 1999-07-13 Nike, Inc. Footwear with stabilizers
WO2000004802A1 (en) * 1998-07-24 2000-02-03 Footwear Specialties International, Llc Doing Business As Nautilus Footwear Improved slip resistant shoe sole
US6161315A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-12-19 Cutter & Buck Shoe outsole having a stability ridge
US8209883B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2012-07-03 Robert Michael Lyden Custom article of footwear and method of making the same
US20110061265A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2011-03-17 Lyden Robert M Custom article of footwear and method of making the same
US20060021253A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-02 Pasternak Stephen M Footwear outsole including star shapes
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