US3791972A - Lubricating grease - Google Patents

Lubricating grease Download PDF

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US3791972A
US3791972A US3791972DA US3791972A US 3791972 A US3791972 A US 3791972A US 3791972D A US3791972D A US 3791972DA US 3791972 A US3791972 A US 3791972A
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acid
aluminum
oil
grease
weight
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W Myers
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Southwest Petro-Chem Inc
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    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M169/00Lubricating compositions characterised by containing as components a mixture of at least two types of ingredient selected from base-materials, thickeners or additives, covered by the preceding groups, each of these compounds being essential
    • C10M169/02Mixtures of base-materials and thickeners
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    • C10M2201/00Inorganic compounds or elements as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2201/08Inorganic acids or salts thereof
    • C10M2201/082Inorganic acids or salts thereof containing nitrogen
    • C10M2201/083Inorganic acids or salts thereof containing nitrogen nitrites
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    • C10M2205/00Organic macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds or fractions, whether or not modified by oxidation as ingredients in lubricant compositions
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    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/125Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of eight up to twenty-nine carbon atoms, i.e. fatty acids
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    • C10M2207/282Esters of (cyclo)aliphatic oolycarboxylic acids
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    • C10M2215/02Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines
    • C10M2215/06Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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    • C10M2215/02Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines
    • C10M2215/06Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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    • C10M2215/065Phenyl-Naphthyl amines
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    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/04Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions containing sulfur-to-oxygen bonds, i.e. sulfones, sulfoxides
    • C10M2219/044Sulfonic acids, Derivatives thereof, e.g. neutral salts
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    • C10M2223/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2223/02Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions having no phosphorus-to-carbon bonds
    • C10M2223/04Phosphate esters
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    • C10M2223/02Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions having no phosphorus-to-carbon bonds
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    • C10M2229/02Unspecified siloxanes; Silicones
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    • C10N2210/03Group III, e.g. Al, In, La
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    • C10N2250/00Form or state of lubricant compositions in which they are used
    • C10N2250/10Semi-solids or greases

Abstract

A LUBRICATING GREASE OF IMPROVED PROPERTIES IS PREPARED BY FORMING AN ALUMINUM COMPLEX SOAP IN A PARAFFIN OIL BY SEQUENTIALLY REACTING AN ALUMINUM ALKOXIDE WITH AN AROMATIC CARBOXYLIC ACID AND THEN WITH A HIGHER FATTY ACID, FOLLOWED BY BLENDING WITH AN ISOBUTYLENE POLYMER AND A LOW VISCOSITY PARAFFIN OIL.

Description

United States Patent F 3,791,972 LUBRICATING GREASE William A. Myers, La Mirada, Califi, assignor to Southwest Petra-Chem, Inc., Wichita, Kaus. No Drawing. Filed Jan. 13, 1972, Ser. No. 217,66 Int. Cl. C10m 5/08 US. Cl. 25237.7 16 Claims ABSTRACT on THE DISCLOSURE A lubricating grease of improved properties is prepared by forming an aluminum complex soap in a paraffin oil by sequentially reacting an aluminum alkoxide with an aromatic carboxylic acid and then with a higher fatty acid, followed by blending with an isobutylene polymer and a low viscosity paraflin oil.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION The field of art to which the invention pertains includes the field of lubricating greases, particularly greases containing an aluminum complex soap and isobutylene polymer.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The formulation of lubricating grease compositions is a sophisticated art involving the blending of mineral oil, thickening agent and additive materials under carefully controlled temperature and blending conditions. A large number of different formulations and processes have been developed to meet the wide variety of requirements for industrial lubrication with the trend being directed toward the production of multipurpose greases. Various complex soap greases have been developed and notable among these are the aluminum complex greases. Modern manufacturing processes involve the in situ preparation of the aluminum complex thickener by adding the reactive components directly to a mineral oil while processing through a temperature and milling cycle designed to blend the components into a smooth, homogenous grease.

Aluminum complex thickening agents are generally prepared from the reaction of an aluminum alkoxide, such as aluminum isopropoxide, with a duality of organic acids. In this regard, see Manufacture and Properties of Aluminum Complex Greases, by J. L. Dreher, T. H. Koundakjian and C. F. Carter, published in the NLGI Spokesman, July 1965. A typical manufacturing procedure is described wherein hydrogenated tallow acids and benzoic acid are dissolved in a portion of the oil at a temperature of about 180 F. and aluminum isopropoxide is then added with vigorous agitation at a temperature of about 200- 225 F. Thereafter, water is added to liberate remaining portions of isopropanol and the temperature is increased to 310-330 F. As the grease is cooled, additives and the remainder of the oil are added. The thickener concentration for such greases ranges from 5.5 to 8.5 weight percent.

In Polishuk US. Pat. 3,591,505, an aluminum complex grease is prepared by sequentially reacting the less reactive of two carboxylic acids with aluminum alkoxide followed by reaction with the more reactive acid. Thus, stearic acid is first reacted followed by reaction with benzoic acid to complete the formation of the aluminum thickener.

The complexity of grease formulation is increased when other components are added which affect its physical properties. Thus, it is known to add a material such as an isobutylene polymer to increase the viscosity index and decrease the aifect of temperature on viscosity. Such polymers comprise relatively long, slender molecules which tend to ball-up at low temperature with little resistance 3,791,972 Patented Feb. 12, 1974 to flow, but apparently straighten out at high temperature thereby impeding flow and increasing the viscosity, with the result that viscosity is relatively stable. See, in this regard, Oswalt US. Pat. 3,211,650 and Warung German Pat. 1,955,951. The presence of such a polymer adds further complications to grease formulation. In the Oswalt patent, the thickening agent is obtained by saponifying hydroxy stearic acid with lime and the patentee requires that a naphthenic oil be used, having a viscosity of about -120 SUS at F. The isobutylene polymer has an average molecular weight of about 17,500-18,500. In the Warung patent, the polymer is added to a grease thickened with a complex soap containing calcium, aluminum, barium or lithium. However, when combined with such complex soap, one of the complexing acids is required to have 5 or less carbon atoms, exemplified by acetic acid. Here also, at least a portion of the lubricating oil is a naphthenic base neutral oil, but the patentee requires that all the oil have a viscosity ranging from 350-650 SUS at 100 F. Other references of interest include US. Pat. Nos. 2,599,553; 2,654,710; 2,719,826; 2,768,138; 3,211,650; 3,290,244; 3,453,211; 3,574,111; British Pat. 1,099,620 and an article entitled Physical and Chemical Properties of Complex Soap Greases, by A. T. Polishuk, Lubrication Engineering, February 1963.

The present invention provides a lubricating grease composition incorporating an aluminum complex soap and isobutylene polymer. The grease has excellent structural stability and efiective multipurpose properties over a very wide range of operational requirements. The grease is lowbleeding and very cohesive. It is water resistant, temperature resistant and is compatible with and retains its consistency in the presence of greases with different soap bases. The grease is prepared by a unique process which enable a higher thickener content as compared to conventional greases, aiding in obtaining the foregoing desirable characteristics.

In particular, a lubricating grease composition is provided comprising a major amount of lubricating oil, an amount sufiicient to form a grease of an aluminum com plex soap, and about 1-20 weight percent of an isobutylene polymer. One of the acid groups used to form the aluminum soap is an aromatic carboxylic acid, exemplified by benzoic acid, and the other group is a higher fatty acid, such as containing a major amount of stearic acid. The aluminum complex soap is formed in a parafiin neutral oil and the isobutylene polymer has a molecular weight of about 9,000-25,000, .perferably greater than 18,500 and less than 20,000. There is thus provided a novel grease formulation in which isobutylene polymeris combined with an aluminum complex soap having an aromatic carboxylate component, the combination carried by a parafiin neutral oil. Rust corrosion inhibitors and oxidation inhibitors, as known, can be added.

A unique process for the foregoing formulation is provided wherein an aluminum alkoxide and an aromatic carboxylic acid are dissolved in a paraflin neutral oil having a viscosity of about 250-340 SUS at 100 F., heated to about 80-175 F. for a time sufiicient to blend the components. A higher fatty acid is then added to the heated mixture, and then the isobutylene polymer is added alongwith additional paraflin neutral oil, followed by heating to about 240-400 F. No water need be added, the aluminum complex being formed to constitute about 15-21 weight percent of the grease composition, a much higher concentration than generally obtainable. However, lower, and even higher levels, e.g., 5-30 percent can be produced to provide any desired consistency.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION The initial steps of the preparation of a lubricating grease of this invention involve the addition of an aluminum alkoxide and an aromatic carboxylic acid to a portion of the base oil. The alcohol precursor of the alkoxide can contain from 1 to about 22 carbon atoms, e.g., methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, pentanol, heptanol, nonanol, dodecanol, hexadecanol, eicoxanol, dodesanol, isomeric forms and mixtures thereof. In prior grease formulations, water is added to replace a portion of the alkoxide component with hydroxyl anion. However, in a preferred form of the present invention, as detailed hereinafter, the grease is formulated without the addition of water, hydroxyl ion being produced only by water generated by reaction of the components. It is preferred that the alcohol precursor of the aluminum alkoxide have from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples include aluminum methoxide, aluminum ethoxide, aluminum propoxide, aluminum isopropoxide, aluminum butoxide, aluminum sec-butoxide, and the like, aluminum isopropoxide being particularly preferred.

Aromatic carboxylic acids which can be used in the preparation of the present lubricating grease include benzoic acid, the toluic acids, benzoic acid substituted with one or more alkyl groups such as ethyl, propyl or butyl groups, benzoic acid containing other substituents such as amine, halogen such as chlorine, bromine and iodine, naphthoic acids, and the like. It is preferred to use unsubstituted benzoic acid.

The aluminum alkoxide and aromatic carboxylic acid are first agitated in a portion of the lubricating oil base while heating to a temperature in the range of about 80-175 F. Thereafter, higher fatty acids are added to complete the formation of the complex aluminum salt. The higher fatty acids contain from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms and are preferably hydrogenated to decrease their saturation. Examples of suitable fatty acids include lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, 12- hydroxy stearic acid, arachioic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, pentadecanoic acid and margaric acid. Phenyl-substituted fatty acids such as phenyl decanoic acid and naphthenic acids containing at least 12 carbon atoms may also be employed. As indicated, it is preferred that the acids be hydrogenated so as to be substantially saturated. A mixture of acids is conveniently used and it is preferred that such mixture contain a major amount, i.e., greater than 50%, of stearic acid.

The ratios of aluminum alkoxide to carboxylic acid reactants should be controlled so that there are about 0.8-1.2 mols of each acid to each mol of aluminum alkoxide, and preferably there is a 1:121 ratio. An amount of lubricating oil which is equivalent to about 35-50% of the total weight of the grease can conveniently be utilized as the initial reaction medium. As the reaction between the higher fatty acids and aluminum isopropoxidearomatic carboxylic acid complex proceeds, the mass of the material thickens and additional lubricating oil is added blended with a portion of the isobutylene polymer, as hereinafter detailed. The amount added is about one fourth of the remaining fluid components. At this point, one may add water to react with the remaining alkoxide portion of the aluminum alkoxide. However, it is preferred that no water he added; some water is generated from the reaction which reacts with the alkoxide to produce hydroxyl anion.

The resultant aluminum complex soap will be a mixture of aluminum soap molecules containing on an average of one aromatic carboxylic acid anion, one higher fatty acid anion and one hydroxyl ion per atom of aluminum. It will be appreciated that all individual soap molecules in a given complex soap are not the same but that the foregoing composition is an average. -For example, one soap molecule may contain 2 fatty acid anions and one aromatic carboxylic acid anion while another may contain 2 aromatic carboxylic acid anions and one higher fatty acid anion, While still another may contain an hydroxyl anion, an aromatic carboxylic acid anion and a higher fatty acid anion, and so forth. Thus, any given aluminum soap preparation will contain a mixture of all these various molecules and the properties of any given soap preparation will be average properties of the mixture of the molecules present.

As above indicated, along with the addition of oil following the reaction with the fatty acids, there is also added a desired amount of isobutylene polymer, about 1-20 weight percent, based on the weight of the formulating grease. The isobutylene polymer as added has a molecular weight of about 15,000-25,000, but as the grease formulation is agitated and milled, some breakdown may occur so that the polymer contained in the final grease formulation can have an average molecular weight of about 9,000-25,000. Generally, it is preferred to add about 7-9 weight percent of isobutylene polymer having a molecular weight, at the time of addition, of greater than 18,500 and less than 20,000.

After the addition of a portion of the polyisobutylene oil blend, the mass is heated to about 250-400 F. to remove any excess unreacted moisture produced by the saponification reactions. The grease is then cooled, passed through a colloid mill to achieve complete dispersion of the,complex aluminum soap and graded to the proper consistency with the remaining portion of the lubricating oil. The total oil added after the fatty acids comprise about 25-35 weight percent of the grease. The polymeroil blend can also contain a corrosion inhibitor and an oxidation inhibitor. Any prior art components for these purposes can be utilized. Examples of rust corrosion inhibitors include lead naphthenate, calcium sulphonate, barium sulphonate, sodium nitrite and tallow dimaine dioleate. Examples of oxidation inhibitors include butylated hydroxy toluene, phenyl alpha naphthylamine, phenyl beta naphthylamine and styrenated diphenylamine. Generally about 0.1-2 weight percent of each inhibitor can be included.

In a broader aspect of the present invention, base oils which can be used to form the lubricating grease can include lubricating oils of naphthenic base, paraflinic base and mixed base mineral oils, and the like, as well as synthetic oils, such as alkylene polymers, polysiloxanes, dicarboxylic acid ester type oils, or liquid esters of phosphorus acids, and the like. It is preferred that the entire lubricating oil be a parafiinic neutral oil and further that a relatively low viscosity oil be utilized. In particular, it is preferred that the oil used to initially support the formation of the complex soap be a paraflin neutral oil having a viscosity of about 250-340 SUS at 100 F., and having a viscosity index of about 70-90, and that the added oil to dilute the mixture be a parafiin neutral oil having a viscosity of about 100-190 SUS at 100 F. and a viscosity index of about -110.

The amount of aluminum alkoxide, aromatic carboxylic acid and higher fatty acid added should be sufiicient to provide about 15-21 weight percent of aluminum complex soap in the grease formulation, which amount is substantially higher than generally obtainable and can be attributed to the formulation procedure as above outlined. This concentration can be obtained by reacting about 5-7 weight percent of the aluminum alkoxide, calculated as aluminum isopropoxide, with about 3-4 weight percent of the aromatic carboxylic acid, calculated as benzoic acid, and about 7-10 weight percent of the higher fatty acid, calculated as stearic acid.

The following examples, in which all parts are by weight, will illustrate the invention.

Example 1 A grease processing kettle was charged with 40.90 parts of a solvent refined paraflin neutral oil having a viscosity of 300 SUS at F. and a viscosity index of 85, and 6.13 parts of an aluminum isopropoxide (a tri-oxy-aluminum tri-isopropoxide sold under the trade name Kolate No. 7013 by Agrashell, Inc.) was added followed by 3.63 parts of benzoic acid. The two components were allowed to blend and react while the mass was heated to 125 F. At this temperature, 8.34 partst of hydrogenated tallow fatty acid was added to complete the reaction and complete the formation of the complex aluminum soap. The fatty acids, comprising about 65% stearic acid, about 27.5 pahnitic acid, about 3% myristic acid and minor quantities of pentadecanoic acid, margaric acid, and-oleic acid, had the followingcharacteristics:

Free fatty acid (calculated as oleic acid) 99-l03% Acid No. 197-205 Saponification No. 200-206 Iodine value 1-5 Titre 56-61 The foregoing characteristics are based on a number of determinations.

Following the addition of the fatty acids, a thickening of the mass occurred and approximately one-fourth of the remaining fluid components of the grease were added to keep the mass in a soft plastic consistency. These fiuid components comprise a blend of 32 parts of solvent refined neutral oil and 8 parts of polyisobutylene having a molecular weight of about 19,000. The material was then heated to about 320 F. removing excess moisture produced by the reaction. The grease was then cooled, passed through a colloid mill and graded to the proper consistency by the addition of the remaining fluid components. Rust and oxidation inhibitors were then added (0.5 part of tallow diamine dioleate and about 0.5 part of 30% lead naphthenate).

The grease had a clear amber color and a smooth, adhesive texture. It was tested for rust protection according to ASTM 1743 and passed, for oxidation stability according to ASTM D942 (100 hours, 5 pounds maximum) and passed, and for bleed stability according to ASTM D1742, with no bleeding. The grease was found to have a dropping point, in accordance with ASTM D566, of 500 F. a consistency (worked penetration) according to ASTM D217 of 2 80 and a shell roll stability change (100 hours at 150 F.) of 8 points softer.

Example 2 With With benzoic acetic Test acid acid Dropping point, F i 500 320 Consistency (worked penetration) 280 346 Shell r011 stability, pts. change 8 44 Referring to the foregoing results, it will be seen that the substitution of acetic acid for benzoic acid results in a deterioration of the measured properties.

I claim:

1. A lubricating grease composition, comprising:

a major amount of paraffinic neutral lubricating oil;

an amount sufficient to form a grease of an aluminum complex soap, said soap being formed by reacting an aluminum alkoxide having 1-22 carbon atoms in each organic group with a higher fatty acid and an aromatic, benzene-nucleus, carboxylic acid, said aluminum alkoxide being sequentially first reacted with said aromatic carboxylic acid and then with said higher fatty acid; and

SUS at F.

3. Theinyention according to claim l in which said isobutylene polymer has a molecular weight of greater than 18,500 and less than'20,000.

4. The invention according to claim 1 in which the amount of said amount of aluminum isobutylene complex soap in said composition is about 15-21 weight percent.

5. The invention according to claim 1 in which said amount of aluminum complex soap in said composition is about 15-21 weight percent formed by reacting about 5-7 weight percent of aluminum isopropoxide sequentially with about 3-4 weight percent benzoic acid and then about 7-10 weight percent hydrogenated higher fatty acid, said higher fatty acid comprising major amounts of stearic acid, and the amount of said isobutylene polymer in said composition is about 7-9 weight percent.

6. The invention according to claim 1 in which said grease is formed without the addition of water.

7. A method of preparing a grease composition, comprising, in sequence:

dissolving an aluminum alkoxide having 1-22 carbon atoms in each organic group and an aromatic, benzene-nucleus carboxylic acid in a parafiinic neutral lubricating oil to form a mixture thereof;

heating said mixture to react said alkoxide with said carboxylic acid;

adding a higher fatty acid to said reacted mixture and reacting said fatty acid with said reacted mixture; and

adding about 1-20 weight percent of an isobutylene polymer having an average molecular weight of about 9,00025,000.

8. The invention according to claim 7 in which additional lubricating oil is added subsequent to addition of said higher fatty acid.

9. The invention according to claim 7 in which said isobutylene polymer has a molecular weight of greater than 18,500 and less than 20,000.

10. The invention according to claim 8 in which said first mentioned oil comprises a paraffin neutral oil having a viscosity of about 250-340 SUS at 100 F., and constitutes about 35-5 0 weight percent of said grease composition, and said additional oil is a paraflin neutral oil having a viscosity of about 100-190 SUS at 100 F. and constitutes about 25-35 weight percent of said grease composition.

11. The invention according to laim 7 in which about 5-7 weight percent of said aluminum alkoxide, as aluminum isopropoxide, and about 3-4 weight percent of said aromatic carboxylic acid, as benzoic acid, is added to said lubricating oil to form said mixture, and about 7-10 weight percent of said higher fatty acid is added to said heated mixture, said fatty acid being hydrogenated and comprising major amounts of stearic acid.

12. The invention according to claim 11 in which said lubricating oil comprises a paraffin oil having a viscosity of about 250-340 SUS at 100 F. and constitutes about 35-50 weight percent of said grease composition, and including adding an additional amount of paraffin oil subsequent to the addition of said higher acid, said additional amount of paraffin oil having a viscosity of about 100-190 SUS at 100 F. and constituting about 25-35 weight percent of said grease, the amount of said isobutylene polymer being about 7-9 weight percent.

13. The invention according to claim 12 including the steps of heating said mixture of components comprising the first mentioned lubricating oil, aluminum alkoxide and aromatic carboxylic acid to about 80-175 F. for a time sufficient to blend said components, and heating said grease after addition of said additional oil to about 250- 400 F. for a time sufiicient to remove excess moisture produced by the reaction.

14. The invention according to claim 13 in which the alkoxide portion of said aluminum alkoxide contains from 1 to 4 carbon atoms.

15. The invention according to claim 13 in which said grease is formed without the addition of water.

16. The invention according to claim 15 in which said aluminum alkoxide is aluminum isopropoxide.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS DANIEL E. WYMAN, Primary Examinner 10 I. VAUGHN, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4132658A (en) * 1978-03-27 1979-01-02 Texaco Inc. Process for manufacturing aluminum complex soap thickened grease
EP0029589A2 (en) * 1979-11-23 1981-06-03 Chattem, Inc. Process for making grease compositions
US4280917A (en) * 1979-11-23 1981-07-28 Chattem, Inc. Grease compositions and oxyaluminum acylate intermediate compositions useful in the preparation thereof
US4303538A (en) * 1980-11-04 1981-12-01 Chattem, Inc. Grease compositions and oxyaluminum acylate intermediate compositions useful in the preparation thereof
US4312769A (en) * 1979-11-23 1982-01-26 Chattem, Inc. Continuous process for grease preparation
US4324670A (en) * 1979-11-23 1982-04-13 Chattem, Inc. Process for making a mixed oxyaluminum acylate composition useful in grease manufacture
US4557842A (en) * 1983-08-02 1985-12-10 Joseph Ayers, Inc. Aluminum soap greases
US4675422A (en) * 1985-10-23 1987-06-23 Stepan Company Organometallic compounds
WO1994008710A1 (en) * 1992-10-15 1994-04-28 Caschem, Inc. Gelled oil compositions
WO1996013324A1 (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-05-09 Caschem, Inc. Gelled oil compositions
US5800731A (en) * 1991-11-28 1998-09-01 Rwe-Dea Aktiengesellschaft Fur Mineraloel Und Chemie Homogeneous electroviscous fluids using aluminum compounds
US6248699B1 (en) * 1999-07-29 2001-06-19 Crompton Corporation Gelling system for hydrocarbon fluids
WO2001066675A2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-09-13 Sasol Germany Gmbh Thickener component and lubricating grease containing an aluminium complex
US20080146466A1 (en) * 2006-12-14 2008-06-19 Innovative Chemical Technologies Canada Ltd. Non-phosphorus-based gellants for hydrocarbon fluids

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4132658A (en) * 1978-03-27 1979-01-02 Texaco Inc. Process for manufacturing aluminum complex soap thickened grease
US4324670A (en) * 1979-11-23 1982-04-13 Chattem, Inc. Process for making a mixed oxyaluminum acylate composition useful in grease manufacture
EP0029589A2 (en) * 1979-11-23 1981-06-03 Chattem, Inc. Process for making grease compositions
US4280917A (en) * 1979-11-23 1981-07-28 Chattem, Inc. Grease compositions and oxyaluminum acylate intermediate compositions useful in the preparation thereof
EP0029589A3 (en) * 1979-11-23 1982-03-03 Chattem, Inc. Grease compositions, oxyaluminum acylate intermediate compositions useful in the preparation thereof, and process for making such
US4312769A (en) * 1979-11-23 1982-01-26 Chattem, Inc. Continuous process for grease preparation
US4303538A (en) * 1980-11-04 1981-12-01 Chattem, Inc. Grease compositions and oxyaluminum acylate intermediate compositions useful in the preparation thereof
US4557842A (en) * 1983-08-02 1985-12-10 Joseph Ayers, Inc. Aluminum soap greases
US4675422A (en) * 1985-10-23 1987-06-23 Stepan Company Organometallic compounds
US5800731A (en) * 1991-11-28 1998-09-01 Rwe-Dea Aktiengesellschaft Fur Mineraloel Und Chemie Homogeneous electroviscous fluids using aluminum compounds
US5574257A (en) * 1992-10-15 1996-11-12 Caschem, Inc. Telecommunications articles containing gelled oil compositions
WO1994008710A1 (en) * 1992-10-15 1994-04-28 Caschem, Inc. Gelled oil compositions
US5358664A (en) * 1992-10-15 1994-10-25 Caschem, Inc. Gelled oil compositions
WO1996013324A1 (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-05-09 Caschem, Inc. Gelled oil compositions
US6248699B1 (en) * 1999-07-29 2001-06-19 Crompton Corporation Gelling system for hydrocarbon fluids
WO2001066675A2 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-09-13 Sasol Germany Gmbh Thickener component and lubricating grease containing an aluminium complex
WO2001066675A3 (en) * 2000-03-10 2002-06-27 Frank Allmueller Thickener component and lubricating grease containing an aluminium complex
US20040097381A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2004-05-20 Peter Finmans Thickener component and lubricating grease containing an aluminium complex
US20060019842A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2006-01-26 Peter Finmans Aluminum complex grease
US20080146466A1 (en) * 2006-12-14 2008-06-19 Innovative Chemical Technologies Canada Ltd. Non-phosphorus-based gellants for hydrocarbon fluids
US7932216B2 (en) 2006-12-14 2011-04-26 Weatherford Engineered Chemistry Canada Ltd Non-phosphorus-based gellants for hydrocarbon fluids

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