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US3788696A - Foldable table and bench assembly - Google Patents

Foldable table and bench assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US3788696A
US3788696A US3788696DA US3788696A US 3788696 A US3788696 A US 3788696A US 3788696D A US3788696D A US 3788696DA US 3788696 A US3788696 A US 3788696A
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members
bar
position
assembly
leg
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Expired - Lifetime
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J Loewen
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J Loewen
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B3/00Folding or stowable tables
    • A47B3/14Foldable table and seat units

Abstract

A pair of leg frames are pivoted between the ends to present an ''''X'''' formation when open and support a table top. A bench is erected upon each side of the table and includes horizontal tension arms, substantially vertical compression legs and a bench seat. As the horizontal arms are moved from the folded position to the horizontal position, the vertical legs are unfolded and support the bench surface which moves to the horizontal position. The benches are first folded down and then the cross frames are folded together with the table top lying substantially vertically against the folded structure, when the assembly is in the folded or stored position.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Loewen 1 Jan. 29, 1974 1 FOLDABLE TABLE AND BENCH ASSEMBLY [22] Filed: July 20, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 273,389

Primary ExaminerJames C. Mitchell Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Stanley G. Ade

[ 57] ABSTRACT A pair of leg frames are pivoted between the ends to present an X formation when open and support a table top. A bench is erected upon each side of the table and includes horizontal tension arms, substantially vertical compression legs and a bench seat. As the horizontal arms are moved from the folded position to the horizontal position, the vertical legs are unfolded and support the bench surface which moves to the horizontal position. The benches are first folded down and then the cross frames are folded together with the table top lying substantially vertically against the folded structure, when the assembly is in the folded or stored position.

8 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures WENTEDJAM 29 I974 SHEET 1 OF 2 FIG.

1 FOLDABLE TABLE AND BENCH ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION So-called picnic tables usually consist of a table top and a fixed bench, one upon each side thereof. While these are most efficient in use, nevertheless storage and transportation is a problem due to the sheer bulk of these assemblies.

Attempts have been made to provide folding assemblies but these usually require tools and include parts to be dismantled prior to the folding and unfolding action.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to new and useful improvements in table and bench combinations inasmuch as the entire assembly can be folded and unfolded without the use of tools or without connecting or disconnecting any of the parts.

An object of the invention is therefore to provide a picnic table type assembly which can be folded relatively flat for storage and transportation purposes yet which can readily be unfolded for use to provide a stable and firm table and bench assembly.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described in which the bench components pass over center when being unfolded so that there is no danger of collapse when in use.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which is simple in construction, economical in manufacture,

and otherwise well suited to the purpose for which it is designed.

With the considerations and inventive objects herein set forth in view, and such other or further purposes, advantages or novel features as may become apparent from consideration of this disclosure and specification, the present invention consists of the inventive concept which is comprised, embodied, embraced, or included in the method, process, construction, compostion, arrangement or combination of parts, or new use of any of the foregoing, herein exemplified in one or more specific embodiments of such concept.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an end view of the assembly in the erected position but with one bench component partially folded.

FIG. 2 is a section substantially along the line 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the assembly in the erected position with the table top shown in phantom for clarity.

FIG. 4 is an end view of the assembly in the folded position but shown slightly unfolded for clarity.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing part of the mounting of the bench to the supporting structure.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary elevation showing the mounting of the table top to one of the leg assemblies.

In the drawings like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Proceeding therefore to describe the invention in detail, reference should be made to the drawings in which reference characters 10 and 10A illustrate leg frame components. Each of these components includes an upper bar member 11, a lower bar member 12, and a 5 pair of side bar members 13 which extend between the ends of the upper and lower bar members 11 and 12 thus forming a substantially rectangular component. Similar reference characters have been given to the components of the leg frame member 10A except that the letter A" has been added.

The two leg components 10 and 10A are pivotally connected together intermediate the ends of the side bar members 13 and 13A, by means of a transverse pivot pin 14 and in this connection it will be observed that the leg frame component 10A is slightly narrower than the leg component 10 so that one can fit within the other as clearly shown in FIG. 3. When pivotally connected together, they form a X configuration when viewed in end elevation as clearly shown in FIG. 1 and can be folded upwardly to the closed position shown in FIG. 4 or can be folded downwardly to the extended or erected position shown in FIG. 1. In the latter position, the downward movement of the upper bar members 11 and 11A is restricted by means of flexible linkage 15 extending between the upper bar members intermediate the ends thereof.

A table top 16 consists of a planar panel which rests upon the upper bar members 11 and 11A when in the erected position. The table top is secured to one of the upper bar members 11 by means of brackets 17 extending around the upper bar and member 11 and being secured to the underside of the table top panel 16 by means of screws, rivets or similar fastening means indicated by reference character 18. This enables the table top to pivot on the bar member 11 and to rest on the bar member 11A when in the erected position shown in FIG. 1.

A bench component collectively designated 19 is situated upon the assembly each side of the table top 16 and each component consists of an elongated bench panel 20, substantially vertical leg or compression members 21 and substantially horizontal or tension members 22.

The members 22 are pivotally secured by the inner ends thereof to the transverse pivot 14 and extend outwardly in spaced and parallel relationship two upon each side. Stop means 23 are provided on the outer ends of these members and bearing sleeves 24 engage around these members and can slide inwardly and outwardly therealong, being restricted in the outer move ment by means of these stop means 23.

A cross bar 25 extends between the sleeves 24 and the bench panel is secured to sleeves 24 by means of clamps 26 extending therearound and being secured to the bench panel 20 by means of rivets, bolts or similar fastening means 27.

An elongated sleeve 28 surrounds the lower bar members 12 and 12A and the aforementioned compression legs 21 are secured to these elongated sleeves 28 by means of welding or the like and extend upwardly in spaced and parallel relationship one with the other, it being understood that these are two compression members 21 for each bench assembly 19. Bearing sleeves 29 are provided upon the upper ends of the compression members 21 and these bearing sleeves engage around the aforementioned cross bars 25.

The pivotal action of the compression members 21 and the pivotal action of the tension members 22, in conjunction with the sliding relationship of sleeves 24 upon tension members 22, means that the bench assemblies can be folded inwardly to lie contiguous with the leg frame components 10 and 10A as shown on the left hand side of FIG. 1 or can be folded outwardly to the erected position as shown upon the right hand side of FIG. 1. When moving from the folded to the erected position and vice versa, the compression members 21 pass over the vertical center thus preventing any possibility of the bench assemblies 19 collapsing when in the erected position.

When it is desired to fold the assembly to the closed or stored position, each bench assembly is folded inwardly contiguous with its leg frame component as shown on the left hand side of FIG. I, the table top is raised clear of the upper cross bar 11A whereupon the two leg frame components can be folded upwardly towards one another so that the structure takes the form shown in FIG. 4. Further movement of the leg frame components together, permits the table top panel 16 to lie substantially vertically upon the leg frame component 10 thus making a relatively compact package which is easily stored or transported.

To erect the assembly, the table top is raised thus allowing the leg frame components to be opened to the fullest extent restricted by means of the flexible linkage l whereupon the table top rests upon the other upper bar member 11A. Each bench assembly is then folded outwardly in the direction of arrow 30 to take upon the position shown at the right hand side of FIG. I thus making a stable and firm table and bench assembly.

In FIG. 4, arrow 31 indicates the further closing of the leg frame components and 10A and arrow 32, the downward pivotal movement of the table top panel 16 after the leg frame components have been fully closed one against the other.

Reference should be made to the members 22 upon which the benches slide. In order to provide easy access, the preferred embodiment employs just one of these members situated centrally along the length of the bench and shown in phantom by reference character 22A.

Also in the preferred embodiment, a hinged strap assembly A is used instead of the chains 15. This strap assembly extends between the leg components 10 and 10A and below the pivot pin 14. The extended position of the strap assembly is shown in FIG. ll while FIG. 4 shows the assembly in the folded position.

Various modifications may be constructed or performed within the scope of the inventive concept disclosed. Therefore what has been set forth is intended to illustrate such concept and is not for the purpose of limiting protection to any herein particularly described embodiment thereof.

What I claim as my invention is:

I. A table and bench assembly comprising in combination a pair of substantially rectangular leg frame components, each component including an upper bar member and a lower bar member and a pair of side bar members extending between the ends of the upper and lower bar members, said frames being pivotally connected between the ends of the side bar members to form an X construction when viewed in side elevation, a table top pivotally connected adjacent one edge thereof to the upper bar member of one of said leg frame members and resting on the upper bar member of the other leg frame member when in the erected position, means cooperating between said leg frame component to restrict the downward movement of the upper bar member when said leg components are erected, and a bench component on each side of said assembly, each of said bench components being pivotally supported on said lower bar members and further support means extending between said assembly and the points of pivotal connection of said leg frame members whereby said bench component can be folded to lie contiguous with said leg frame component or folded outwardly to the erected position.

2. The assembly according to claim 1 in which each of said bench components includes a pair of compression members pivotally mounted by the lower ends thereof to the lower bar member of said leg frame component, a cross bar pivoted between the other ends of said compression members, at least one tension mem ber pivotally secured by the inner ends thereof to the points of pivotal connection of said leg frame components, means mounting said cross bar for sliding movement along said tension members, and a bench member secured to said last mentioned means and spanning said tension members.

3. The assembly according to claim 1 in which said means cooperating between said leg frame components comprises flexible linkage secured between said upper bar members.

4. The assembly according to claim 2 in which said means cooperating between said leg frame components comprises flexible linkage secured between said upper bar members.

5. The assembly according to claim 1 which include compression members which pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa.

6. The assembly according to claim 2 in which compression members pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa, and stop means on the outer ends of said tension members limiting the sliding movement of said means mounting said cross bar to said tension members.

7. The assembly according to claim 3 which include compression members which pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa.

8. The assembly according to claim 4 in which compression members pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa, and stop means on the outer ends of said tension members limiting the sliding movement of said means mounting said cross bar to said tension members.

Claims (8)

1. A table and bench assembly comprising in combination a pair of substantially rectangular leg frame components, each component including an upper bar member and a lower bar member and a pair of side bar members extending between the ends of the upper and lower bar members, said frames being pivotally connected between the ends of the side bar members to form an ''''X'''' construction when viewed in side elevation, a table top pivotally connected adjacent one edge thereof to the upper bar member of one of said leg frame members and resting on the upper bar member of the other leg frame member when in the erected position, means cooperating between said leg frame component to restrict the downward movement of the upper bar member when said leg components are erected, and a bench component on each side of said assembly, each of said bench components being pivotally supported on said lower bar members and further support means extending between said assembly and the points of pivotal connection of said leg frame members whereby said bench component can be folded to lie contiguous with said leg frame component or folded outwardly to the erected position.
2. The assembly according to claim 1 in which each of said bench components includes a pair of compression members pivotally mounted by the lower ends thereof to the lower bar member of said leg frame component, a cross bar pivoted between the other ends of said compression members, at least one tension member pivotally secured by the inner ends thereof to the points of pivotal connection of said leg frame components, means mounting said cross bar for sliding movement along said tension members, and a bench member secured to said last mentioned means and spanning said tension members.
3. The assembly according to claim 1 in which said means cooperating between said leg frame components comprises flexible linkage secured between said upper bar members.
4. The assemblY according to claim 2 in which said means cooperating between said leg frame components comprises flexible linkage secured between said upper bar members.
5. The assembly according to claim 1 which include compression members which pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa.
6. The assembly according to claim 2 in which compression members pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa, and stop means on the outer ends of said tension members limiting the sliding movement of said means mounting said cross bar to said tension members.
7. The assembly according to claim 3 which include compression members which pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa.
8. The assembly according to claim 4 in which compression members pass over center when moved from the folded position to the extended position and vice versa, and stop means on the outer ends of said tension members limiting the sliding movement of said means mounting said cross bar to said tension members.
US3788696A 1972-07-20 1972-07-20 Foldable table and bench assembly Expired - Lifetime US3788696A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4249773A (en) * 1979-10-10 1981-02-10 Joseph Giambalvo Folding picnic table
US4648652A (en) * 1985-07-31 1987-03-10 Kuren Gerald B Van Collapsible picnic table
GB2228190A (en) * 1989-01-06 1990-08-22 Chelful Limited Collapsible desk and seat
US5876093A (en) * 1996-06-25 1999-03-02 Williams; Willis Ray Collapsible desk and chair apparatus
US5921623A (en) * 1995-01-06 1999-07-13 Lifetime Products, Inc. Foldable picnic table with telescoping pedestals
US6112674A (en) * 1998-10-21 2000-09-05 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with center support assembly
US6347831B1 (en) 1999-10-18 2002-02-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Foldable picnic table with telescoping pedestals and bench supports
US6431092B1 (en) 1998-10-21 2002-08-13 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with center support assembly
US6530331B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2003-03-11 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with integral receiving members
US20040187748A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-09-30 Jin Shenghao Table having H-center support assembly
US20040187747A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-09-30 Jin Shenghao Utility table
US20040194675A1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2004-10-07 Jin Shenghao Folding table with handles
US20040237856A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-12-02 Jin Shenghao Utility table
US20040244656A1 (en) * 2002-10-11 2004-12-09 Jin Shenghao Table with center support assembly
US20050045074A1 (en) * 2003-07-09 2005-03-03 Ju-Young Jin Table
US20050052058A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2005-03-10 Nyo S. Curtis Folding table and bench system
US20050279259A1 (en) * 1999-01-11 2005-12-22 Strong L C Frame for a table top
US20080238158A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Huang Chang Jiu Integrated table with benches
US7681946B2 (en) 2006-08-03 2010-03-23 Swimways Corporation Portable table assemblies

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US769354A (en) * 1903-09-28 1904-09-06 Charles H Nielsen Table.
US1514418A (en) * 1923-10-22 1924-11-04 John N Battenfeld Combined folding table and seat
US2548682A (en) * 1946-08-15 1951-04-10 Price Daniel Carl Folding table and seat structure

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US769354A (en) * 1903-09-28 1904-09-06 Charles H Nielsen Table.
US1514418A (en) * 1923-10-22 1924-11-04 John N Battenfeld Combined folding table and seat
US2548682A (en) * 1946-08-15 1951-04-10 Price Daniel Carl Folding table and seat structure

Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4249773A (en) * 1979-10-10 1981-02-10 Joseph Giambalvo Folding picnic table
US4648652A (en) * 1985-07-31 1987-03-10 Kuren Gerald B Van Collapsible picnic table
GB2228190A (en) * 1989-01-06 1990-08-22 Chelful Limited Collapsible desk and seat
US5921623A (en) * 1995-01-06 1999-07-13 Lifetime Products, Inc. Foldable picnic table with telescoping pedestals
US5876093A (en) * 1996-06-25 1999-03-02 Williams; Willis Ray Collapsible desk and chair apparatus
US7806060B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2010-10-05 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US6112674A (en) * 1998-10-21 2000-09-05 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with center support assembly
US6431092B1 (en) 1998-10-21 2002-08-13 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with center support assembly
US6530331B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2003-03-11 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with integral receiving members
US6550404B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2003-04-22 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with integral table top and lip
US6655301B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2003-12-02 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with frame connected to integral lip
US20040099189A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2004-05-27 Stanford Carl R. Portable folding utility table with frame connected to integral lip
US8904623B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2014-12-09 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table
US8739707B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2014-06-03 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top
US8438982B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2013-05-14 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table with a table top constructed from molded plastic
US8381665B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2013-02-26 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top constructed from molded plastic
US8381666B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2013-02-26 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top constructed from molded plastic
US6832563B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2004-12-21 Lifetime Products, Inc. Portable folding utility table with integral receiving members
US8375871B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2013-02-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US8074582B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2011-12-13 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table with a table top including a plurality of integrally formed depressions
US20050211141A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2005-09-29 Stanford Carl R Table including a blow-molded plastic table top and an attached frame
US20050268827A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2005-12-08 Stanford Carl R Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US8069796B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2011-12-06 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table with molded plastic table top
US20060000394A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2006-01-05 Stanford Carl R Table with foldable legs
US20060011109A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2006-01-19 Sanford Carl R Table with integral receiving members
US7128002B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2006-10-31 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table with integral receiving members
US20060266266A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2006-11-30 Stanford Carl R Table including a blow-molded plastic table top and an attached frame
US20070034123A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2007-02-15 Stanford Carl R Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US20070051287A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2007-03-08 Stanford Carl R Table with integral receiving members
US20070089650A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2007-04-26 Stanford Carl R Table with foldable legs
US20080105171A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2008-05-08 Stanford Carl R Table
US20080105170A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2008-05-08 Stanford Carl R Table
US20080110379A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2008-05-15 Stanford Carl R Table
US20080110378A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2008-05-15 Stanford Carl R Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US8042476B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2011-10-25 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table with molded plastic table top
US20090223424A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2009-09-10 Stanford Carl R Table
US20090229499A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2009-09-17 Stanford Carl R Table
US20110017109A1 (en) * 1998-10-21 2011-01-27 Stanford Carl R Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US9237801B2 (en) 1998-10-21 2016-01-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Table top with a plurality of closely spaced depressions
US20050279259A1 (en) * 1999-01-11 2005-12-22 Strong L C Frame for a table top
US6347831B1 (en) 1999-10-18 2002-02-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Foldable picnic table with telescoping pedestals and bench supports
US20040187747A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-09-30 Jin Shenghao Utility table
US20040237856A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-12-02 Jin Shenghao Utility table
US20040187748A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-09-30 Jin Shenghao Table having H-center support assembly
US20040244656A1 (en) * 2002-10-11 2004-12-09 Jin Shenghao Table with center support assembly
US20040194675A1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2004-10-07 Jin Shenghao Folding table with handles
US20050045074A1 (en) * 2003-07-09 2005-03-03 Ju-Young Jin Table
US20050052058A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2005-03-10 Nyo S. Curtis Folding table and bench system
US8313139B2 (en) 2006-08-03 2012-11-20 Swimways Corporation Portable table assemblies
US7980627B2 (en) * 2006-08-03 2011-07-19 Swimways Corporation Portable table assemblies
US7681946B2 (en) 2006-08-03 2010-03-23 Swimways Corporation Portable table assemblies
US20100164257A1 (en) * 2006-08-03 2010-07-01 Arias David A Portable table assemblies
US20080238158A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Huang Chang Jiu Integrated table with benches

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